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Conflict :

ThisexcellentFaustusisdamnedbyaccidentorbypredestination;heisbrowbeatenbythe
devil and forbidden to repent when he has really repented. What makes Marlowe's
conclusionthemoreviolentandthemoreunphilosophicalisthefactthat,toanyonenot
dominatedbyconvention,theGoodAngel,inthedialogue,seemstohavesomuchtheworse
oftheargument.Allhehastoofferissouradmonitionandexternalwarnings:
OFaustus,laythatdamnedbookaside,
Andgazenotonitlestittemptthysoul,
AndheapGod'sheavywrathuponthyhead.
Read,read,theScriptures;thatisblasphemy....
SweetFaustus,thinkofheaven,andheavenlythings.
TowhichtheEvilAngelreplies:
No,Faustus,thinkofhonourandofwealth.
Andinanotherplace:
Goforward,Faustus,inthatfamousart,
Whereinallnature'streasureiscontained.
BethouonearthasJoveisinthesky,
Lordandcommanderoftheseelements.
TherecanbenodoubtthatthedevilhererepresentsthenaturalidealofFaustus,orofany
childoftheRenaissance;heappealstothevaguebuthealthyambitionofayoungsoul,that
wouldmaketrialoftheworld.Inotherwords,thisdevilrepresentsthetruegood,anditisno
wonderifthehonestFaustuscannotresisthissuggestions.
NicholasBrookesays:FaustuswantstosatisfythedemandsofhisnatureasGodhasmade
him. He wants to be the Deity. For this, he must deny Christianity as did Lucifer, but
Faustusattachmenttoreligionistoodeeptoberootedout.Throughouttheplaywefind
Faustusprickedbyhisconscience,wefindhimintusslebetweenwillandconscienceinthe
formofGoodandBadAngel.
SinceFaustusthinksthathehasachievedtheendofallthevariousstudiesofthe
university,heisdissatisfiedwiththepowersthathehasgainedfromthem.
AlthoughFaustusisamostlearnedman,hefindshimselfconfinedbymerehuman
knowledge.Inotherwords,hefeelsthelimitationsofhumanknowledgeand
decidestoturntomagictodiscovergreaterpowers.
Marlowe indicates this risk in the line"Here, Faustus, try thy brains to gain a
deity."Consequently,thefirstscenesetsuptheconflictbetweenthelimitationofhuman
knowledgeandthedesiretogobeyondtheirpositionintheuniverse.
ThebiblicalquotationsFaustusmentionsrefertotheconceptofsinanddeath.Theentire
dramadealswiththeproblemsofsinanddeathandimmortality.OneofthethingsFaustusis
tryingtoescapeisthelimitationofdeath.Ontheonehand,heallegesthathedoesnot
believeindeath,butatthesametimehespendsallhis time finding waystoescapeit,
especiallyby resortingtonecromancy.At the endofthescene,hemakesthestatement
that"thisnightI'llconjurethoughIdietherefore."
TheappearanceoftheGoodAngelandtheEvilAngelisaholdoverfromthe
earliermoralityplays.Themedievalplaysoftenuseabstractionsasmain
characters.Theappearanceoftheseallegoricalabstractionsfunctionstoexternalize
theinternalconflictthatFaustusisundergoing;theysymbolizethetwoforces
strugglingforthesoulofFaustus.Throughouttheplay,theseangelsappearatthe
momentswhenFaustuscriticallyexaminesthedecisionthathehasmade.