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3 Herodotus : 484 - 475 B.C.

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MEDITERRANEAN SEA

Fil I I 0 I
.
(%I : G.K Tull, Early Civilizations), p. 33.
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I3 George Stelndorf a n d K e i n t h C .
Socle, When Egypt Ruled The East (Chicago
: University of Chlcago Press, 1942), p. 55.

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Edward Hewitt, Ancient and Medieval History, pp. 10-13-14.

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*- - . ..-.
iF. --

+J?41%14
Deir-el-Hahari
Is it not surprising...to see this great sovereign

Imposing on us...neither, taxes nor forced labor?

And who, moreover, faithful to his subjects, is sincere in his promises ?

Look how, regularly and progressively,


He keeps his promises and offers gifts to evryone......

To Upper Egypt, to Lower Egypt


To the poor and to the rich, to the strong and to the weak,

Without distinction taking neither side.


"16
These are his gifts, more precious than silver and gold...

L.S. Stavrianov, The World to 1500, A Global History, p. 57-14.

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aa~Jh~hha& (Mesopotamia)

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1-s
t

-L
.- 1 THE FERTILE CRESCENT 1

,,,,,bl ARABIA y , ~PaaaAPaw%=~~wnil~~~,,


(The Fertile Crescent)
(&I : Edward Mcnall Burns,
Western Civilization)

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mSanisJibnsi:Psnssa~mti ~~~~in~~~assslbn~~~~~~~i~~~~~~~~~ai~~~~~~l:-

The rampant flood which no man can oppose,

Which shakes the heavens and cause earth to tremble....,


And drowns the harvest in its time of ripeness
oAnGnM5qQrle;P1 YlmpJ&lpd
(&I : Anatole G. Mazour, Men and

Nations), p. 21.

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(&I : Anatole G. Mazour, hlen and

Nations)
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Stewart C. Eastun, The Western Heritage, p. 39.

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L -1

** Louis John-Haft, Source


Readings in Ancient History, Vol. I, The
Ancient Near East and Greece (Chicago
: The University of Chicago Press, 1965),
pp. 81-84.

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23 Canaanites

24 John B. Harrison, p. 36.

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~I.YSIPI H* and H.A. Frankfort, et. al., The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man
(Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1964).

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36 adou Golden Rule T~J~?~~RIRUI.
37 Edward Mcnall Burns. Western Civilization, p. 93-95.

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6,000 B.C.

%I

3 3 2 B.C.

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1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

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! 3.

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1. P~a"l~~ela-~l~~~~l~l~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1) Sumerians, Semites, lndo - Europeans


2) lndo - Europeans, Semites, Sumarians

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Assyrians storm a walled city.
The Assyrian army had a
corps of engineers

I) Amenhotep IV %-?%I lknaten

2) Menes
3) Tutenkamen

4) Amenhotep V

LQtW:l:l, 2:3,3 : 4. 4 : 2. 5 : 4, 6 : 3, 7 :4, 8:1, 93

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