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Volkswagen Jetta

Volkswagen Jetta

Overview

Manufacturer Volkswagen

Production 1979present

Body and chassis

Class Compact car / Small family car (C)

Platform Volkswagen Group A platform

The Volkswagen Jetta ( listen (helpinfo)) is a compact car/small family car produced by the
German manufacturer Volkswagen since 1979. Positioned to fill a sedan niche above the
firm's Golf hatchback offering, it has been marketed over six generations variously as
the Atlantic, Fox, Vento, Bora, City Jetta, Jetta City, GLI, Jetta, Clasico, Voyage,
and Sagitar.
The Jetta was originally adapted by adding a conventional trunk to the Golf hatchback, and
some distinctive styling (usually the front end, and sometimes slight interior changes). It has
been offered in two- and four-door saloon / sedan, and five-door wagon / estate versions all
as four- or five-seaters. Since the original version in 1980, the car has grown in size and power
with each successive generation.[1] By mid-2011, almost 10 million Jettas have been produced
and sold all over the world. As of April 2014, over 14 million had been sold with the car
becoming Volkswagen's top selling model.[2]

Contents
[hide]

1Nameplate etymology
2First generation (MK1/A1, Typ 16; 19791984)

o 2.1Safety

o 2.2Testing and review

3Second generation (MK2/A2, Typ 19E/1G; 19841992)

o 3.1Safety

o 3.2North America

o 3.3Testing and review

o 3.4IRVW 3

o 3.5Worldwide production

o 3.6Engines

4Third generation (MK3/A3, Typ 1H; 19921999)

o 4.1Safety

o 4.2Testing and review

o 4.3Specifications

o 4.4Vento (India)

5Fourth generation (MK4/A4, Typ 1J; 19992006)

o 5.1Diesel

o 5.2Safety

o 5.3Testing and review

o 5.4Engines

o 5.5Station Wagon (Estate)

o 5.6Ongoing production

6Fifth generation (MK5/A5, Typ 1K5; 20052011)

o 6.1Features

o 6.2Engines
o 6.3Safety

o 6.4Testing and review

o 6.5Engines

o 6.6Golf Variant/Jetta SportWagen

o 6.72010 Jetta TDI Cup "Street" edition

7Sixth generation (MK6/A6, Typ 5C6; 20112017)

o 7.1Jetta GLI

o 7.2Jetta GLI Edition 30 (2014)

o 7.3Jetta 1.8T Sport (2015)

8Alternative propulsion cars

o 8.1Biofuels

o 8.2Electric vehicle

9Awards and recognition

10Motorsport

11Recalls

o 11.1Volkswagen emissions violations recall

12See also

13References

14External links

Nameplate etymology[edit]
Though numerous sources suggest the Jetta nameplate derives from the Atlantic 'jet stream'
during a period when Volkswagen named its vehicles after prominent winds and currents (e.g.,
the Volkswagen Passat (after the German word for trade wind), Volkswagen Bora (after bora),
and Volkswagen Scirocco (after sirocco),[3] a 2013 report by former VW advertising copywriter
Bertel Schmitt, says that after consulting knowledgeable VW sources including Dr. Carl
Hahn, former Volkswagen of America Chief and W.P. Schmidt, former sales chief at
Volkswagen no conclusive evidence suggests that Volkswagen employed a naming theme
for its then new front-drive, water-cooled vehicles; nor that the names trace etymologically to
any particular theme; nor that any naming system "was ever announced, either officially or
confidentially."[4]
First generation (MK1/A1, Typ 16; 19791984)[edit]

First generation A1 (16)

Overview

Also called Volkswagen Atlantic

Volkswagen Fox

Production August 1979February 1984[5][6][7]

571,030 built[8]

Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany

TAS Sarajevo, Yugoslavia

Uitenhage, South Africa

Puebla, Mexico

Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door notchback sedan / saloon

2-door notchback sedan / saloon

Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive

Platform Volkswagen Group A1 platform


Related Volkswagen Golf Mk1

Powertrain

Engine 1.1 L I4 (petrol)

1.3 L I4 (petrol)

1.5 L I4 (petrol)

1.6 L I4 (petrol)

1.8 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (diesel)

1.6 L I4 (turbo diesel)

Transmission 4-speed manual

5-speed manual

3-speed automatic

Dimensions

Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)

Length 4,270 mm (168.1 in)

Width 1,600 mm (63.0 in)

Height 1,300 mm (51.2 in)

Volkswagen Jetta 2-door


Volkswagen Jetta 4-door

Although the Golf had reached considerable success in the North American markets,
Volkswagen observed that the hatchback body style lacked some of the appeal to those who
preferred the traditional three-box configuration. The styling of the 1970 AMC Gremlin was
controversial for truncating the Hornet sedan, but Volkswagen stylists reversed the process by
essentially grafting a new trunk onto the tail of the Golf to produce a larger Jetta saloon
(sedan).[9] The Jetta became the best-selling European car in the United States, Canada, and
Mexico.[10][11] The car is also popular in Europe, including the United Kingdom, Germany, and
Turkey.[12]
The Jetta was introduced to the world at the 1979 Frankfurt Auto Show.[13] Production of the first
generation began in August 1979[5] at the Wolfsburg plant.[14] In Mexico, the Mark 1 was known
as the "Volkswagen Atlantic".
The car was available as a two-door sedan (replacing the aging rear-engined, rear-wheel
drive Volkswagen Beetle 2-door sedan in the United States and Canada) and four-door sedan
body styles, both of which shared a traditional three-box design. Like the Volkswagen Golf
Mk1, its angular styling was penned at ItalDesign, by Giorgetto Giugiaro. Styling differences
could be found depending on the market. In most of the world, the car was available with
composite headlamps, while in the USA, it was only available with rectangular sealed
beam lamps due to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108 (FMVSS 108). The suspension
setup was identical to the Golf and consisted of a MacPherson strut setup in front and a twist-
beam rear suspension. It shared its 2,400 mm (94.5 in) wheelbase with its hatchback
counterpart, although overall length was up by 380 millimetres (15 in). The capacity of the
luggage compartment was 377 litres (13.3 ft3), making the Jetta reasonably practical.[15] To
distinguish the car from the Golf, interiors were made more upscale in all markets. [16] This
included velour seating and color coordinated sill to sill carpeting.
Engine choices varied considerably depending on the local market. Most were based on 827
engines of the era. Choices in petrol engines ranged from a 1.1 litre four-cylinder engine
producing 37 kW (50 hp; 50 PS), to a 1.8-litre I4 which made 82 kW (110 hp; 111 PS) and
150 newton metres (111 lbfft) of torque. Some cars were equipped with carburetors, while
others were fuel-injected using K or KE Jetronic supplied by Robert Bosch GmbH. Diesel
engine choices included a 1.6-litre making 37 kilowatts (50 hp; 50 PS) and
a turbocharged version of the same engine which produced 51 kilowatts (68 hp; 69 PS) and
130 newton metres (96 lbfft) of torque.
In 1984 Volkswagen offered the Jetta GLI in the US and Canada, adding many of the drivetrain
features and improvements of the 19831984 US GTI, including the fuel-injected 90 hp engine,
close-ratio 5-speed manual transmission, sport suspension, front and rear anti-sway bars, and
ventilated front disc brakes. Externally, the Jetta GLI was distinguished by wide body-side
moldings, a black airfoil on the driver's-side windshield wiper, black plastic trim panel between
the rear taillights and GLI badging. The interior of the car sported a leather 4-spoke steering
wheel and shift knob, three additional gauges in the center console, sport seats similar to those
in the GTI, and distinctive upholstery and interior trim. The Jetta GLI was offered in 5 colors,
Black, Atlas grey and Mars red (with black interior) White and Diamond silver (with blue
interior). The GLI was offered to the US in Sedan only where Canada got the Sedan and
Coupe.[citation needed]
Volkswagen briefly considered producing the Jetta in a plant located in Sterling Heights,
Michigan in the USA.[17] However, due to declining sales in North America, the decision was
postponed and finally abandoned in 1982.[18] The site was subsequently sold to Chrysler in
1983 and is still in operation as of 2009.[19] This generation was also produced in Bosnia under
the joint venture Tvornica Automobila Sarajevo (TAS) for the Balkan area.[20]
Safety[edit]
Volkswagen was an early adopter of passive restraint systems. The first generation cars could
be equipped with an "automatic" shoulder belt mounted to the door. The idea was to always
have the belt buckled thereby doing away with the requirement that the driver and passenger
remember to buckle up. Instead of a lap belt, the dashboard was designed with an integrated
knee bar to prevent submarining underneath the shoulder belt.
In crash tests conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Mark 1
received five out of five stars in a 56 km/h (35 mph) frontal crash test for both driver and
passenger protection.[21]
Testing and review[edit]
The first generation was met with generally positive reviews. Testers found the car handled
precisely, although the lack of power steering contributed to heavy steering when parking.
[22]
The brakes worked well for a car of the day, but some brake fade was evident. The ride was
taut but firm in the typical style of German cars, with large bumps being well absorbed by the
suspension but smaller undulations coming through. Reviews differed on noise levels, some
found the car fairly quiet, while others thought the engine contributed to higher noise levels.
[23]
Critics found the seating comfortable, but noted that the rear seat lacked sufficient head
room. Most major controls and displays such as the speedometer and climate controls were
well liked, but some secondary switches were not well placed or intuitive. The aforementioned
automatic seat belts in some markets that were attached to the door frame made it impossible
to forget to buckle the belt, but it was difficult to enter the car with a package in hand. Writers
liked that the luggage space was generous, especially for a car of its size. Additionally,
numerous storage areas also gave practicality to the sedan. In one test, the car scored nearly
as high as the more expensive Volkswagen Passat/Dasher and the Audi 80/4000.[24]
The Volkswagen Atlantic was introduced in the Mexican market in February 1981. The sole
competition for the Atlantic in the Mexican market was the Renault 18. The Mark 1 continued to
be manufactured and marketed in South Africa after the introduction of the Mark 2, badged as
the "Fox".[25]

Second generation (MK2/A2, Typ 19E/1G; 19841992)[edit]

Second generation A2 (1G)


Overview

Production 19841992[6][7]

19912013 (China)

1,708,390 built[26][27]

Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany

TAS Sarajevo, Yugoslavia

Changchun, China (FAW-VW)

Chengdu, China (FAW-VW)

Lagos, Nigeria

Uitenhage, South Africa

Puebla, Mexico

New Stanton, Pennsylvania, United States,

(Volkswagen America)

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door notchback sedan /saloon

2-door notchback sedan / saloon

Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive

Platform Volkswagen Group A2 platform

Related Volkswagen Golf Mk2

Volkswagen Scirocco Mk2

Volkswagen Corrado
SEAT Toledo Mk1

Powertrain

Engine 1.3 L I4 (petrol)

1.6 L I4 (petrol)

1.8 L I4 8-valve (petrol)

1.8 L I4 16-valve (petrol)

2.0 L I4 16-valve (petrol)

1.6 L I4 (diesel)

1.6 L I4 (turbo diesel)

Transmission 4-speed manual

5-speed manual

3-speed automatic

Dimensions

Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97.2 in)

Length 1985-88: 4,346 mm (171.1 in)

1989-92: 4,385 mm (172.6 in)

Width 1,680 mm (66.1 in)

1985-88 base models: 1,665 mm (65.6 in)

Height 1,410 mm (55.5 in)

The Mark 2 series is the longest running Jetta so far. Introduced to Europe in early 1984 and to
North America in 1985, the second generation Jetta proved to be a sales success for
Volkswagen. The car secured the title of best-selling European car in North America, Farmer's
Journal COTY 1991 and outsold the similar Golf by two-to-one in that market. [28] Based on the
all new second generation Golf platform, the car was larger, heavier, and could seat five people
instead of four as in the Mark 1. Exterior dimensions increased in all directions. Overall length
was up by 100 millimetres (3.9 in), the wheelbase grew 66 millimetres (2.6 in), and the width
went up 53 millimetres (2.1 in). The suspension setup was basically unchanged from the first
generation, although refined slightly, for example by the inclusion of a separate subframe for
mounting the front control arms to help noise isolation, as well as improved rubber mountings
for all components. Aerodynamics improved considerably, with a drag coefficient of 0.36.
[29]
With a 470-litre (16.6 ft3) luggage compartment, the trunk had grown nearly as large as some
full-sized American sedans.[30] Interior room was also increased 14%, which changed
the EPA class from sub-compact to compact.
Cars built in Germany were assembled in a brand new (at the time) plant at Wolfsburg in
Assembly Hall 54. The plant was heavily robotised in an effort to make build quality more
consistent.[31] New innovations on the second generation included an optional trip
computer (referred to as the MFA, German Multi-Funktions-Anzeige), as well as silicone
dampened engine and transmission mounts to reduce noise, vibration, and harshness levels.
In 1988, a more advanced fully electronic fuel injection system became available. This
arrangement is known as the Digifant engine management system.

Volkswagen Jetta 2 door saloon (European specification)

Like the Mark 1, the second generation was offered as a two-door or four-door sedan. External
changes throughout the series' run were few: the front-quarter windows were eliminated in
1988 (along with a grille and door trim change), and larger body-colored bumpers and lower
side skirts were added from 1990.
In 2007, Volkswagen of America held a contest to find the diesel powered Volkswagen with the
highest distance traveled on the original engine.[32] The winning car was a 1986 Jetta
Turbodiesel found in Blue Rock, Ohio which had 562,000 miles (904,000 km).[33] A local dealer
verified the odometer reading. Notable on this particular car was that it also had the
original muffler despite being located in an area subject to road salt in the winter.
Safety[edit]

Jetta 4-door (German specification)

In a crash test conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Jetta
received three out of five stars for both driver and passenger protection in a 56 km/h (35 mph)
frontal crash test. The Highway Loss Data Institute (part of the Insurance Institute for Highway
Safety) found the injury and collision losses for the Jetta to be among the best of the small 4-
door sedan category.[34] It was topped only by the Golf. Earlier models had the dubious
distinction of having an especially high rate of radio theft. [35] Apparently, the mounting of the
radio made it especially easy to remove quickly. To correct the problem, Volkswagen
introduced a theft protection system to all cars. When the power supply to the radio was
removed, it automatically went into "safe" mode. When plugged back in, it would not work
unless a secret code was entered. This made it essentially useless to thieves, although
provided a hassle to customers who misplaced their code card. The dealership maintains a
database of codes, and can replace a lost code if the radio serial number is provided.
North America[edit]
The Jetta did not differ greatly from its European twin (at least as much as the Golf did),
besides requirements such as bumpers, glass, etc. Also, North American models in general
have a narrower range of specification available. For example, most models had things like a
bigger engine, full console, door panel pockets, velour seating, and, later on, power steering,
height adjustable steering column, and tachometer, standard. They also lacked some higher
level options of European variants. The Jetta was perceived as slightly upmarket from the Golf.
The level of features was always a step above the Golf (standard passive restraint in 1988,
standard power steering in 1990, 14-inch wheels available for most years, etc.).
Canadian spec models were even better equipped. Generally, the Canadian base models
received the same level of options as an American GL, and the same with the GL and Carat.
Other Canadian specification differences were diesel engines (both naturally aspirated and
Turbo) available for all years (in the US, there was no diesel for 1988, and only the n/a for 1989
and 1990), a 2-door model for 1992 (it was dropped in the US), the early Carat model (which
had heated velour sport seats, a GLi engine, and optional automatic), and color and trim
differences.
Testing and review[edit]
The car received generally positive reviews, with critics praising the car's excellent handling, as
well as a roomier interior compared to the last generation. [29] Stiff shifting manual transmissions
were a downside, and braking worked reasonably well although some brake fade was evident
in the lower trim lines equipped with solid discs in front and drums in back. A number of reviews
noted that the ride was stiff and busy, even though it did have good control typical of German
cars. Despite additional sound insulation, road noise was evident especially on coarse
pavement.[36] In top sport trim (sometimes called the GLI or GTX), some reviewers noted the car
was a less expensive alternative to a BMW or Audi.[37] The sport trim added larger wheels, a
stiffer suspension, and closer ratios on the manual transmission. From mid-1987 the Mark 2
GLI was offered with a 16-valve Twin-cam 1.8-litre engine, and was upgraded in early 1990
with the newer Mark 2 body style to a 2.0-litre 16-valve power plant (in North America).
IRVW 3[edit]
The IRVW 3 ("Integrated Research Volkswagen") was a 19831984 research study based on
the not yet released Jetta II. In appearance it looked like nothing more than a slightly sporting
Jetta, but it was packed with highly refined technology for its time. It was essentially a
feasibility study for newly developed technology such as Anti-lock braking system and electric
power steering.[38] A number of functions were computer controlled, such as the overdrive gear
for its four-speed manual gearbox. The engine was the familiar 1.8 litre inline-four from the Golf
GTi, but here equipped with a Roots-type supercharger for a max power of 129132 kW (173
177 hp; 175179 PS). Top speed was 212 km/h (132 mph). The IRVW 3 also had a pneumatic
suspension which automatically lowered the car when the speed surpassed 120 km/h
(75 mph).[38]
Worldwide production[edit]
Volkswagen Jetta Knig

Volkswagen Jetta Pionier

Besides the Volkswagen production base in Germany, this generation was produced in a
number of other countries, including Brazil, China, Nigeria, Mexico, South Africa, USA, and the
former Yugoslavia. The Mark 2 Jetta went on to become the first Volkswagen model produced
in China by Volkswagen Group China's second joint venture partner FAW-Volkswagen.
Production began on 5 December 1991. Initially sold as complete knock down (CKD) kits, local
manufacturing has gradually taken over in the form of Semi-Knocked Down kits in 1992, and
full local production in 1995.[39]
The car has had three revisions since its inception in China, the first facelift borrowed front-end
styling from the fourth generation Volkswagen Passat in 1997. Production started in August
1998, and its name was changed to "Jetta Knig" (German for "king"). The second facelift was
revealed in March 2004 (taking influences from Volkswagen's most expensive model,
the Phaeton). On 29 July 2007, it was announced that First Automotive Works expanded its
production of the Mark 2 Jetta by building a new assembly plant in Chengdu, Sichuan
Province in Southwest China.[40] The expansion was driven by the high demand for the car, a
desire to expand in the western part of the country, as well as the long-term goal of FAW to
develop new derivatives from the car's platform independently of Volkswagen.
The third facelift was released in March 2010, which took some inspirations from stylings of
Volkswagen models of the newest generation.[41] A diesel version of the Jetta is also on sale,
but a large proportion are in service as taxis in many cities in China, rather than as private
cars. In March 2013, the Jetta Pionier was replaced by the Jetta Night (de; Type NF).
Engines[edit]
Volkswagen Jetta engine 2.0TDI 103kW BMM

Year
Model Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
s

Petrol engines without catalytic converter

40 kW (54 h
1983 HK/MH/2 1,272 cc (77.6 cu i 94 Nm (69 ftlb
1.3 I4 Carburettor p; 54 PS) @
1992 G n) f) @ 3,300 rpm
5,200 rpm

55 kW
125 Nm
1983 1,595 cc (74 hp;
1.6 I4 Carburettor EZ/ABN (92 ftlbf) @
1992 (97.3 cu in) 75 PS) @
2,500 rpm
5,000 rpm

66 kW
145 Nm
1983 1,781 cc (89 hp;
1.8 I4 Carburettor GU (107 ftlbf) @
1991 (108.7 cu in) 90 PS) @
3,300 rpm
5,200 rpm

66 kW
145 Nm
1985 I4 FI (K- 1,781 cc (89 hp;
1.8 MV (107 ftlbf) @
1987 Jetronic) (108.7 cu in) 90 PS) @
3,300 rpm
5,200 rpm

82 kW
155 Nm
1984 1,781 cc (110 hp;
1.8 GT I4 FI EV (114 ftlbf) @
1987 (108.7 cu in) 111 PS) @
3,100 rpm
5,500 rpm

1.8 GT 1987 I4 FI PB 1,781 cc 82 kW 159 Nm


1991 (108.7 cu in) (110 hp; (117 ftlbf) @
111 PS) @ 4,000 rpm
Year
Model Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
s

Petrol engines without catalytic converter

5,400 rpm

102 kW
168 Nm
1986 1,781 cc (137 hp;
1.8 GT 16V I4 FI KR (124 ftlbf) @
1991 (108.7 cu in) 139 PS) @
4,600 rpm
6,100 rpm

Petrol engines with catalytic converter

40 kW
97 Nm
1985 1,272 cc (54 hp;
1.3 I4 FI NZ (72 ftlbf) @
1992 (77.6 cu in) 54 PS) @
3,000 rpm
5,200 rpm

51 kW
118 Nm
1985 1,595 cc (68 hp;
1.6 I4 Carburettor PN (87 ftlbf) @
1992 (97.3 cu in) 69 PS) @
2,700 rpm
5,200 rpm

53 kW
120 Nm
1986 1,595 cc (71 hp;
1.6 I4 Carburettor RF (89 ftlbf) @
1991 (97.3 cu in) 72 PS) @
2,700 rpm
5,200 rpm

66 kW
137 Nm
1983 I4 FI (K- 1,781 cc (89 hp;
1.8 GX (101 ftlbf) @
1988 Jetronic) (108.7 cu in) 90 PS) @
3,300 rpm
5,200 rpm

62 kW
142 Nm
1986 1,781 cc (83 hp;
1.8 I4 Carburettor RH (105 ftlbf) @
1990 (108.7 cu in) 84 PS) @
3,000 rpm
5,000 rpm

1.8 1986 I4 FI RP 1,781 cc 66 kW 142 Nm


Year
Model Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
s

Petrol engines without catalytic converter

(89 hp;
(105 ftlbf) @
1991 (108.7 cu in) 90 PS) @
3,000 rpm
5,250 rpm

74 kW
I4 FI (KE- 146 Nm
1985 1,781 cc (99 hp;
1.8 Jetronic/Digifan HT/RV (108 ftlbf) @
1992 (108.7 cu in) 101 PS) @
t) 3,000 rpm
5,250 rpm

72 kW
143 Nm
1988 1,781 cc (97 hp;
1.8 syncro I4 FI 1P (105 ftlbf) @
1991 (108.7 cu in) 98 PS) @
3,000 rpm
5,400 rpm

79 kW
I4 FI (KE- 154 Nm
1985 1,781 cc (106 hp;
1.8 GT Jetronic/Digifan RD/PF (114 ftlbf) @
1992 (108.7 cu in) 107 PS) @
t) 3,250 rpm
5,250 rpm

79 kW
154 Nm
1986 1,781 cc (106 hp;
1.8 GT I4 FI RG (114 ftlbf) @
1987 (108.7 cu in) 107 PS) @
3,500 rpm
5,500 rpm

95 kW
1.8 168 Nm
1986 I4 FI (KE- 1,781 cc (127 hp;
GT/GLI/GT PL (124 ftlbf) @
1991 Jetronic) (108.7 cu in) 129 PS) @
X 16V 4,250 rpm
5,800 rpm

100 kW
2.0 180 Nm
1990 I4 FI (KE- 1,984 cc (134 hp;
GLI/GTX 9A (133 ftlbf) @
1992 Motronic) (121.1 cu in) 136 PS) @
16V 4,400 rpm
5,800 rpm

Diesel engines
Year
Model Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
s

Petrol engines without catalytic converter

40 kW 100 Nm
1983 1,588 cc (54 hp; (74 ftlbf) @
1.6 D I4 diesel JP/ME
1992 (96.9 cu in) 54 PS) @ 2,3002,900
4,800 rpm rpm

44 kW 110 Nm
1.6 1991 1,588 cc (59 hp; (81 ftlbf) @
I4 Turbodiesel 1V
ECOdiesel 1992 (96.9 cu in) 60 PS) @ 2,4002,600
4,500 rpm rpm

51 kW 133 Nm
1983 1,588 cc (68 hp; (98 ftlbf) @
1.6 TD I4 Turbodiesel JR/MF
1992 (96.9 cu in) 69 PS) @ 2,5002,900
4,500 rpm rpm

59 kW 155 Nm
1989 1,588 cc (79 hp; (114 ftlbf) @
1.6 TD I4 Turbodiesel RA/SB
1991 (96.9 cu in) 80 PS) @ 2,5003,000
4,500 rpm rpm

Third generation (MK3/A3, Typ 1H; 19921999)[edit]

Third generation A3 (1H)

Overview
Also called Volkswagen Vento

Production January 1992 February 1999[5]

Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany[5]

Osnabrck, Germany[5][need quotation to verify]

Uitenhage, South Africa

Puebla, Mexico[5]

Designer Herbert Schafer

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door notchback sedan / saloon

Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive

Platform Volkswagen Group A3 platform

Related Volkswagen Golf Mk3

Powertrain

Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)


1.8 L I4 (petrol)

2.0 L I4 (petrol)

2.8 L VR6 (petrol)

1.9 L I4 D (diesel)

1.9 L I4 TD (diesel)

1.9 L I4 SDI (diesel)

1.9 L I4 TDI (diesel)

Transmission 5-speed manual

4-speed automatic

Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97.2 in)

Length 4,400 mm (173.2 in)

Width 1,690 mm (66.5 in)

Height 1,430 mm (56.3 in)

For the third generation, the Jetta name was discontinued, and it was officially renamed
the Volkswagen Vento in European countries, following the precedent of naming cars after
winds, debuted in 1992. The Jetta 3 debuted in North America in 1993 after production delays
and quality problems at the Volkswagen plant in Puebla, Mexico. [42] The name "Vento" means
"wind" in both Portuguese and Italian. It went on sale in most of Europe in the first quarter of
the year, though it did not arrive on the British market until September 1992.
Because of the success of the second generation in North America, Volkswagen decided to
keep the Jetta nameplate. However, in Europe the car was given its new name to appeal to a
younger market.[43]
Styling was penned by a design team led by Herbert Schafer, and again the car became more
aerodynamic than the previous generation. Although visually similar to the Mark 2, there were
many refinements underneath. The two-door model was dropped, aerodynamics were
improved, with the car now having a drag coefficient of 0.32.[44] This included a new structure
which now met worldwide crash standards.[45] Suspensions were an evolutionary rather than
revolutionary refinement of the setup on previous editions, and mainly consisted of a wider
track, and even maintaining backwards compatibility with older models. In addition, the car
became more environmentally friendly with the use of recycled plastics, CFC-free air
conditioning systems, and paint that did not contain heavy metals.[46]
This generation of the car is widely credited for keeping Volkswagen from pulling out of the
North American market.[42][47] At the time of its introduction in 1993, Volkswagen of America's
sales hit a low not seen since the 1950s. The division sold only 43,902 cars in that year. Sales
began slowly due to the aforementioned issues at the Puebla plant. [48] However, sales
rebounded dramatically in the following years, mostly based on the strength of the Jetta, which
continued to be the best-selling Volkswagen in the USA.[49]
Safety[edit]

Volkswagen Vento (German specification)


Interior

When equipped with dual airbags, the Mark 3 received three out of five stars in a 56 km/h
(35 mph) frontal crash test carried out by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
[50]
In a 64 km/h (40 mph) frontal offset crash test conducted by the Insurance Institute for
Highway Safety, the car received a score of "Marginal".[51]
Testing and review[edit]
Newly available on the third generation was Volkswagen Group's 1.9 litre Turbocharged Direct
Injection (TDI) 67 kW (90 hp; 91 PS) diesel engine. Fuel economy was a strong point with
ratings of 5.7 L/100 km (50 mpg-imp; 41 mpg-US) urban cycle and 4.8 L/100 km (59 mpg-imp;
49 mpg-US) extra urban. In top trim lines, the 2.8-litre VR6 DOHC six-cylinder engine was
available. In one car magazine's test, the 128 kW (172 hp; 174 PS) power plant was able to
accelerate the car from 0 to 97 km/h (60 mph) in 6.9 seconds.[49]
Reviews were generally positive, with testers praising the crisp handling and comfortable ride,
as well as a greater level of refinement compared with the previous generation. [52]However,
some reviews noted that the more sporty suspension tuning found in some trims made the car
bouncy, especially on the expressway.[53] The manual transmission shifted crisply; however,
the automatic transmission reduced acceleration noticeably. Some critics complained that the
controls had some quirks, including a cryptic windshield wiper control, where the "off" position
was unfittingly placed between the "intermittent" and "continuous" modes. If equipped, power
window controls had the unusual arrangement of the front buttons located on the door, while
the rear buttons were located on the center console. As with previous generations, the luggage
compartment provided generous space. In earlier build cars, the glove compartment was
deleted if the car was equipped with dual airbags, and in the later models (when airbags
became standard equipment), the glove compartment was small and could barely hold the
owner's manual and a folding paper map. There were also some complaints about the lack of
cup holders in the earlier cars, as well as the lack of a safety interlock which would require the
driver to press the clutch pedal prior to starting the car. The 1994 through 1996 models of the
Jetta had some electrical issues causing the car not to start and shorting to occur in some of
the electrical devices due to a non existent plastic V underneath the windshield, which was
added in later models to divert rain water flowing to the electrical box. [54] The catastrophe of this
glitch can be avoided by removing leaves and debris that have accumulated below the
windshield and by installing adhesive weather sealant linings underneath the plastic cover
directly onto the windshield.[citation needed]
Another major complaint was that the North American TDI model was not rated to tow a trailer,
which, according to the owner's manual, is "for technical reasons." Contrary to the American
market, The European TDI model, which has an identical power train and chassis, was rated to
tow a trailer according to the owner's manual. Many North American TDI owners speculated
that Volkswagen decided not to risk liability issues on the American market, and some owners
disregarded the owner's manual and installed hitches on their vehicles. Owners argue that the
diesel engine delivers superior towing performance compared to a gasoline engine.
Specifications[edit]

[show]Model[55][56] Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque

Vento (India)[edit]
Main article: Volkswagen Polo Mk5
An unrelated Volkswagen Vento model was launched in India in 2010. A sedan version of the
Polo Mk5, it has a length of about 4,400 mm and has several engine options which are based
on petrol and diesel.[57]

Fourth generation (MK4/A4, Typ 1J; 19992006)[edit]

Fourth generation A4 (1J)

Overview

Also called Volkswagen Bora

Volkswagen City Jetta

(Jetta City in 2009)

Volkswagen Bora Classic Edition (China)

Volkswagen Clsico (2010 onwards in Mexico)

Production 19992006 (Europe)

20012010 (China)

19992015 (Mexico)

Model years 19992007 (US, Canada, Europe)

Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany[5]

Bratislava, Slovakia[5]

Changchun, China (FAW-VW)[5]

Puebla, Mexico[58]
Uitenhage, South Africa[5]

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door notchback sedan / saloon

5-door wagon / estate

Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive

Platform Volkswagen Group A4 (PQ34) platform

Related Volkswagen Golf Mk4

Audi A3 Mk1

SEAT Len Mk1

SEAT Toledo Mk2

koda Octavia Mk1

Powertrain

Engine 1.4 L I4 (petrol)

1.6 L I4 16-valve (petrol)

1.8 L I4 turbo (petrol)

2.0 L I4 (petrol)

2.3 L VR5 (petrol)

2.8 L VR6 12-valve (petrol)

2.8 L VR6 24-valve (petrol)

1.9 L I4 SDI (diesel)

1.9 L I4 TDI (diesel)

Transmission 5-speed manual (02J)

6-speed manual (02M)

4-speed automatic (01M)

5-speed automatic (09A)

6-speed automatic (09G)

Dimensions
Wheelbase sedan: 2,510 mm (98.8 in)

estate: 2,520 mm (99.2 in)

Length sedan: 4,380 mm (172.4 in)

estate: 4,410 mm (173.6 in)

Width 1,730 mm (68.1 in)

Height sedan: 1,440 mm (56.7 in)

estate: 1,490 mm (58.7 in)

'08 City Jetta sedan: 1,445 mm (56.9 in)

Volkswagen Bora

Production of the fourth generation car began in July 1999.[59] Carrying on the wind
nomenclature, the car was known as the Volkswagen Bora in much of the world. Bora is a
winter wind which blows intermittently over the coast of the Adriatic Sea, as well as in parts of
Greece, Russia, Turkey, and in the Sliven region of Bulgaria. In North America and South
Africa, the Jetta moniker was again kept on due to the continued popularity of the car in those
markets.
The Mk4 debuted shortly after its larger sibling, the Passat, with which it shared many styling
cues. The rounded shape and arched roofline served as the new Volkswagen styling
trademark, abandoning traditional sharp creases for more curved corners. A distinguishing
feature of the Mk4 is its Whiptenna, a trademark for the antenna on the rear end of the roof,
which claims to incur less drag than traditional antennas due to its short length and leeward
position. For the first time, the rear passenger doors differed from those of a 5-door Golf. The
car was also offered as an estate/wagon (whose rear doors are also non-interchangeable with
the others). New on this generation were some advanced options such as rain sensor
controlled windshield wipers and automatic climate control. However, these were expensive
extras and many buyers did not specify them on their cars; as a result the used market has
many sparsely equipped models.
Although slightly shorter overall than the Mark 3, the fourth generation saw the wheelbase
extended slightly. Some powertrain options were carried over. Nevertheless, two new internal
combustion engines were offered, the 1.8-litre turbo 4-cylinder (often referred to as the
1.8 20vT), and the VR5 (a 5-cylinder derivative of the VR6 engine). The suspension setup
remained much as before. However, it was softened considerably in most models to give a
comfortable ride, which was met with some criticism as it was still quite hard in comparison
with rivals such as vehicles offered from French car makers.[60]
Diesel[edit]

2002 Volkswagen Jetta TDI turbodiesel (US)

In 2004, a new range of "Pumpe-Dse" Unit Injector diesel engines were offered. This new
design employed advanced unit injectors, along with additional electronics and emissions
equipment to meet new air emissions standards in Europe and North America, and is
considerably more complex than the older diesel engines previously offered. To accomplish the
task of producing sufficient power while meeting emissions standards, the "PD" technology
injects fuel directly into the combustion chamber at pressures up to an incredibly high
2,050 bar (30,000 psi).[61] The purpose of the high pressure is to promote fine atomisation of the
fuel which supports more complete combustion. To reduce noise, the engine employs a "pilot
injection" system which injects a small amount of fuel prior to the main injection. All of the new
generation of diesel engines require a special motor oil which meets Volkswagen oil
specification 505.01 (or newer). Serious damage to the engine, particularly the camshaft and
injectors will result if oil not meeting this standard is used.
Safety[edit]
Safety on the fourth generation cars was a high priority for Volkswagen. [62] The car was built
using such advanced processes as highly mechanised presses, improved measuring
techniques, and laser welding of the roof. In crash tests, the fourth generation car received
very good marks. In the New Car Assessment Program tests conducted by the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the car received five out of five stars for both driver and
passenger protection in a 56 km/h (35 mph) frontal impact.[63] New side impact tests at 62 km/h
(38.5 mph) awarded the car four out of five stars for both driver and rear seat passenger
protection. Side curtain airbags became standard in the 2001 model year. In the more severe
64 km/h (40 mph) offset test conducted by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the Mark
4 was awarded the highest score of "Good".[64] Injury, collision, and theft losses were low for a
car of its class.[65]
Testing and review[edit]
Critics usually found the fourth generation acceptable. The car was praised for its adequate
handling as well as a moderately comfortable ride.[66] Other reviewers noted the car to be an
ugly and somewhat expensive choice in the compact car segment, some simply referred to it
as a Golf with a boot (trunk) on the back added as a last minute addition. [67] Some complaints
were made that the back seats lacked adequate room for two adults. [68] Some found the seat
cushioning too firm. The interior was praised for the high level of fit, but is quite bland, sparsely
equipped, and uninspiring.[69] New in this generation was Volkswagen's signature blue and red
instrument lighting which became standard in all models in 1999. The climate controls were
placed low on the console. The recirculation mode cannot be turned on when air is vented to
the windshield, and if the driver changes the climate control to vent air to the windshield, an
internal mechanism would turn off the recirculation mode. The power outlet is recessed next to
the ash tray and is covered with two flaps, one of which is shared with the ash tray. Retractable
cup holders were placed directly above the stereo, obscuring vision of the stereo display and
allowing beverages to spill on the stereo, gear selector, and other sensitive components during
erratic vehicle movements. The flimsy plastic construction of the retractable cup holder is likely
to fail with normal use.[citation needed] Rear passengers have a pair of retractable cup holders located
under the cylindrical ash tray on the center console. These problems were rectified in 2003 for
the US market by placing two recessed cup holders in tandem in the center console and
another behind the arm rest pedestal for rear passengers. The driver must raise the arm rest to
access the center cup holder, and a large beverage occupying the front cup holder obstructs
the driver's ability to pull the hand brake. European cars were given a redesigned retractable
cup holder in front.
Drivers complained that the front bumper cover does not have adequate ground clearance to
clear a curb in a parking space. In addition to scratching the cover, if the driver drives the Jetta
too far forward into a parking space, the bumper cover would have a tendency to hook onto the
curb like a barb, and as the driver backs out of the parking space, the entire front bumper
cover would be torn off the vehicle. In the US, a class action lawsuit regarding this problem
was filed in 2009,[70] and a settlement was reached awarding owners a $140 reimbursement for
repair costs.[71]
The earlier models have a few quality control issues, as a number of owners reported windows
falling into the doors, electrical problems, and emissions system defects.[72][73] The fourth
generation takes approximately 52 hours per vehicle to assemble in the Puebla factory.[74]
Engines[edit]

[show]Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque

Station Wagon (Estate)[edit]

Volkswagen Jetta wagon (US)

Volkswagen introduced an estate/station wagon version of the fourth generation car in January
2001 at the Los Angeles Auto Show.[75]This was the first time an "A" platform Volkswagen was
available in North America with that body style. Although the sedan was built in a number of
locations, all Jetta estate models were built in the Wolfsburg plant.[76] In the rear,
963 litres (34 ft3) of space was available in the cargo compartment. When the rear seats were
folded, the car could hold 1473 litres (52 ft3). Like the sedan, the estate/wagon received high
marks from most reviewers.[77][78] They noted that the cargo area was large and useful.
Additionally, the interior kept its top quality fit and finish, although the rear seat was still a bit
small.
In Europe, the estate version was sometimes sold as part of the Golf line, either in addition to
or instead of the Bora. Other than different front bumpers, fenders, headlights, and hood, the
cars were identical. In some countries were sold both Golf and Bora Variant.
Ongoing production[edit]

2009 Volkswagen Jetta (Mexico)

2008 Volkswagen City Jetta (Canada)

2009 Volkswagen Jetta (Mexico)


2009 Volkswagen Lavida (China)

2013 Volkswagen Bora (China)

As of 2008, the fourth generation car is still sold in addition to the newer Mark 5, due to higher
pricing of the fifth generation in some countries such as Colombia, China, Canada, Dominican
Republic, Mexico, Brazil and Argentina. Like its second generation predecessor, the Mark 4
continues to be manufactured and marketed in China by Volkswagen Group's joint venture
partner FAW-Volkswagen.
In China, the car received a facelift in the summer of 2006, with a Passat Mk5.5 lookalike face.
A hatchback version (i.e. the Golf) is also produced, but is badged as the Bora HS. [79] The
model available in Mexico, Canada, Brazil and Argentina from 2008 was likewise facelifted with
the same design found in China. There is also a heavily modified Jetta called the Volkswagen
Lavida for the Chinese market, developed by Shanghai Volkswagen on the same platform.
In October 2006, Volkswagen re-released the fourth generation car in Canada (for the 2007
model year) as the City Jetta.[80] The move was made to allow Volkswagen to be more
competitive with the rest of the compact class as the fifth generation Jetta had moved upscale
versus much of the competition. In 2008, the car was restyled to bring its looks up to date with
the rest of the Volkswagen lineup. The only engine available is the 2.0-litre 8-
valve SOHC 86 kW (115 hp; 117 PS) gasoline four-cylinder with an available six-
speed tiptronic (with Sport mode) that was added as an option in 2008. In 2009, both model
names were changed to Jetta City and Golf City. The Jetta City (since 2010MY) and Golf City
(since 2011MY) are now both discontinued. The City Jetta is built alongside the fifth generation
in the Puebla Assembly Plant.
In Mexico, the fourth generation Jetta has been Volkswagen's most successful model for years,
peaking in June 2009 on the top in sales and being fourth as of October 2009, just below
Nissan's Tsuru (Sentra B13), Chevrolet's Chevy (Opel Corsa B) and the Brazilian Volkswagen
Gol. Nevertheless, it is the best-selling compact car in the country. Volkswagen decided to
keep sales along with the Bora (Jetta V, which is the fifth best seller) with the tagline Why do
we want a Jetta? Because the heart gives no reasons. In October 2010, the name "Jetta" was
dropped, and the simpler name "Clasico" (Spanish for "classic") was chosen, suggesting this
model may still be offered for years to come. In the model range, a 1.8-litre 133 kW (178 hp;
181 PS) turbo in the Clasico GLI and a TDI 1.9 L 75 kW (101 hp; 102 PS) engine are available.
After the 2013 model year the Clasico lineup was reduced to a single trim level which is the
base model called CLasico CL Aire (which means it is equipped with air conditioning). The GLI
and TDI were also discontinued. The CL Aire trim level features 15 inch steel wheels with full
covers. Antilock brakes and front airbags its available in manual and automatic transmissions
as optional. The 2014 model was the last to be produced in Puebla, Mexico in favor of the
more modern Vento. But some of the lasting units were still sold as 2015 models.
In China, the model received further modifications in 2007, being marketed as the New Bora,
and from 2010, only as the Bora. This new model was developed by FAW-Volkswagen and is
still being based on same platform as Golf IV, but using some components from the
newer PQ35 platform.

Fifth generation (MK5/A5, Typ 1K5; 20052011)[edit]

Fifth generation A5 (1K5)

Overview

Also called Volkswagen Bora

Volkswagen GLI

Volkswagen Sagitar

Volkswagen Vento

Volkswagen Golf Wagon (Canada, 2010-)

Production 20052011

Model years 20062011

Assembly Puebla, Mexico[58]

Changchun, China (FAW-VW)

Aurangabad, India (Volkswagen India)

Uitenhage, South Africa

Kaluga, Russia

Body and chassis


Body style 4-door notchback sedan / saloon

5-door wagon / estate

Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive

Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform

Related Volkswagen Golf Mk5

Audi A3 Mk2

SEAT Len Mk2

SEAT Toledo Mk3


SEAT Altea

koda Octavia Mk2

Powertrain

Engine 1.6 L I4 (petrol)

1.6 L I4 FSI (petrol)

2.0 L I4 (petrol)

2.0 L I4 FSI (petrol)

2.5 L I5 (petrol)

1.4 L I4 TSI (petrol)

1.8 L I4 20-valve TSI (petrol)

2.0 L I4 TFSI (petrol)


1.9 L I4 TDI PD (diesel)

2.0 L I4 TDI CR (diesel)

Transmission 5-speed manual (04A)

6-speed manual (02Q)

6-speed automatic (09G)

6-speed semi-automatic (DSG 02E)

7-speed semi-automatic (DSG 0AM)

Dimensions

Wheelbase 2,580 mm (101.6 in)


Length 4,554 mm (179.3 in)

Wagon: 179.4 in (4,557 mm)

Width 1,781 mm (70.1 in)

2010- Wagon: 70.1 in (1,781 mm)

Height 1,460 mm (57.5 in)

Wagon: 59.2 in (1,504 mm)

The fifth generation debuted at the Los Angeles Auto Show on 5 January 2005. It was only the
second Volkswagen product to make its world debut at a U.S. Auto show (the other being
the New Beetle).[81] Furthermore, the Mark 5 sedan went on sale in the USA prior to any other
country, reflecting the importance of the car in that market for Volkswagen. [82] VW spent
US$800 million to upgrade its Puebla facilities for this model's production. This included a
US$290 million new engine production line for the 5-cylinder power plant, a US$50 million
investment in the press shop, as well as a US$200 million purchase of 460 robots, which
increased automation by 80%.
Although produced in the largest volumes in Mexico, final assembly of the car also takes place
in China and South Africa for those respective markets. [83] Like initial production of the second
generation in China, the Asian and African plants build the car from a complete knock
down (CKD) kit shipped from the factory in Puebla. Local assembly in Kaluga, Russia, started
in early 2008.[84] Production also began in India in 2008.[85] Currently, the Skoda factory
in Aurangabad is used for final assembly.[86] As with the previously mentioned assembly plants,
CKD kits from Volkswagen de Mxico will be used.
The fifth generation car has the widest variety of names of any generation. In most countries, it
is referred to as the Jetta. Exceptions to this include "Bora" in Mexico and Colombia, "Vento" in
Argentina and Chile, and "Sagitar" in China.[87][88][89] The Mark 5 is 170 millimetres (6.7 in) longer,
30 millimetres (1.2 in) wider, and has a 70 millimetres (2.8 in) longer wheelbase than the
previous iteration. Interior room has increased from 2.46 cubic metres (87 cu ft) to 2.58 cubic
metres (91 cu ft). In particular, rear legroom was increased by 65 millimetres (2.6 in) over the
fourth generation. Luggage compartment volume is up to 453 litres (16 cu ft). One major
change is the introduction of the first multi-link independent rear suspension in a Jetta. The
design of the rear suspension is nearly identical to the one found in the Ford Focus.
[90]
Volkswagen reportedly hired engineers from Ford who designed the suspension on the
Focus.[60]
Styling reflects a new direction for the Volkswagen brand, with a new chrome front grille, first
seen on the Volkswagen Golf Mk5 R32, which has spread to other models.[91] Some critics
appreciated the new styling, whilst others dismissed it as just as bland as the 4th generation. [92]
[93]

For model year 2009, certain markets[which?] saw a new base model internal combustion
engine and automatic transmission. The previous 2.0-litre four-cylinder engine, and six-speed
automatic transmission, were replaced with a smaller, more powerful, and more fuel efficient,
1.4-litre turbocharged four-cylinder engine, and six-speed DSG transmission (the same as
used in the new Golf Mk5). As a result of the change, fuel consumption has been improved (by
17% for the manual, from 8.2 L/100 km (34 mpg-imp; 29 mpg-US) down to 6.8 L/100 km
(42 mpg-imp; 35 mpg-US)), and 23% for the automatic, from 8.6 L/100 km (33 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US)
down to 6.6 L/100 km (43 mpg-imp; 36 mpg-US). Power has increased 7%, from 110 kW (148 hp;
150 PS), to 118 kW (158 hp; 160 PS), while torque is up 20%. In addition, acceleration times
0100 kilometres per hour (0.062.1 mph) have improved, from 9.2 s to 8.5 s for the manual
(an 8% improvement), and from 9.9 s to 8.5 s for the automatic (a 14% improvement).
Features[edit]

Volkswagen Jetta (Australian specification)

The body of the fifth generation uses extensive high strength steel, and use of laser welding is
up from 5% to 35% of body parts.[94] This results in double-digit increases in both dynamic and
torsional rigidity. Other body innovations include an impact-absorbing front bumper which
yields slightly in the event of a collision with a pedestrian, reducing the chance of injury. A new
door design allows just the outer panel to be removed and replaced if damaged, rather than
the entire door.[95] Safety was again enhanced with many active and passive features available
or standard. These included side curtain airbags, seat-mounted rear side airbags, new
generation Electronic Stability Programme with Anti-Slip Regulation and Brake assist, as well
as active head restraints. A Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG) transmission, available dual-zone
automatic climate control, and electro-mechanical power steering are also new innovations.

Halogen headlamp showing the bulb shield incorporating the VW logo

The fifth generation car has a totally redesigned electrical system.[96] Control modules are used
for everything from the radio to the powertrain, transmitting over Controller Area
Network (CAN) buses. Transmission of signals is done digitally at 500 kilobits per second,
which reduces the number of wires needed, and thus reduces the chance for faults. Cars
equipped with halogen headlamps have a 'VW' logo integrated into the bulb shield. In most of
the world, the rear lights use light-emitting diodes (LEDs). However, in North America, standard
filament bulbs with a different design are used, to comply with FMVSS 108.
Volkswagen has developed a very strict motor oil quality standard, oil meeting this standard
must be used to ensure full warranty coverage.[97]
Engines[edit]
Volkswagen 2.5L Engine.

The internal combustion engines available are dependent on the destination market. In
Europe, a range of the new generation Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) engines are available.
Additionally in that market, the car can be had with an engine known as the 'Twincharger'. This
1.4 litre petrol engine combines turbo- and supercharging, to make a small but powerful engine
with low fuel consumption.[98] The Jetta available in the Americas and the Middle East, is
powered by a 2.5-litre 5-cylinder 20-valve engine in most trims. This engine shares its cylinder
head design with the V10 engine found in the Lamborghini Gallardo.[99]
When the Mark 5 Jetta was introduced, the Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel
engine was not offered in five U.S. States due to the tight emission standards promulgated by
the California Air Resources Board. In addition to California, four other states adopted the more
stringent California standards. Where it was available, it fell into the least-restrictive emission
category. That category was removed in 2007, prompting the diesel Jetta to be unavailable for
more than a year until the introduction of a new common rail diesel engine, which appeared in
August 2008. The introduction was delayed for approximately six months due to technical
issues with the new emissions control system.[100] The TDI Clean Diesel engine is rated 103
kilowatts (138 hp; 140 PS), and uses advanced features such as a diesel particulate filter and
NOx-storage catalyst (vs. AdBlue) to reduce NOx in order to qualify as a Tier II Bin 5 vehicle
(equivalent to California's LEV II rating), and thereby allowing it to be sold in all 50 U.S.
states. AdBlue (urea injection fluid) is not required, further reducing maintenance requirements.
In the U.S., in August 2010, it was reported that the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) was investigating 37,889 2009 Jetta TDI's regarding a stalling
problem. There were complaints to the agency about the Jettas going into "limp-home" mode
and then stalling almost immediately while being driven. Motor Trend reported that there were
also complaints about premature failures of its high-pressure fuel pump.[101]
Safety[edit]
A 2005 Jetta crash-tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

In Insurance Institute for Highway Safety crash testing the Jetta received an overall "Good"
rating in both front offset and side impact tests. In the side impact test the Jetta received
"Good" marks in all nine measured categories.[102][103] In 2005, the Institute noted that the side
impact protection performance was the best they had ever rated. [104] In 2006, the car received a
"Top Safety Pick" award from the Institute.[105] The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration gave the fifth generation Jetta for both driver and passenger protection
in a frontal impact, while the car received stars in a side impact crash test.[106] To tout
the safety of the car, a series of television commercials with the tag line "Safe happens"
showed the car being involved in a collision whilst afterward the occupants are shown to have
emerged unscathed.
The VW Jetta received the maximum 5 stars in the China NCAP crash tests. [107]
Testing and review[edit]

Volkswagen Jetta GLI Fahrenheit (US)

The fifth generation has received generally positive reviews. Nevertheless, some critics have
complained that the car lost some of its distinctive European character with the redesign.
[108]
Most reviewers found the ride to be firm and well controlled, but not always as forgiving as
the previous generation. Handling was a strong point, with quick and precise steering and
minimal body roll. Fit and finish received excellent marks, with reviewers noting the car felt very
upscale.[109] The front seats were firm but well liked, and the rear seat was roomy, in contrast to
the cramped quarters in the fourth generation. Controls and displays were generally good.
[110]
Reviewers were particularly impressed with the "Sportline" models (known as the GLI in
North America). Equipped with sport seats, a firmer suspension lowered by 15 millimetres
(0.59 in), and low profile tyres, critics praised the excellent handling that was an improvement
over the already good performance on the standard model.[111] Additionally, the 2.0 Turbo FSI
engine also won commendation for its high power figures, smooth operation, and low fuel
consumption.[112] Along with its hatchback brethren, the fifth generation ranks among the top
cars on the market in independent reviews of resale value. [113]
Although improved over the fourth generation, the Mark 5 still takes over 42 hours to assemble
at the factory in Mexico.[74] Part of this disparity is blamed on the switch to the more complex
independent rear suspension. Volkswagen has publicly stated its discontent over the excessive
assembly time, and pledged to streamline manufacturing in the next generation of A
platform cars.[114] In the interim, Volkswagen de Mxico is making a concerted effort to further
increase productivity at the plant, by consulting outside experts from Toyota and
other Japanese companies.[83] By implementing many lean manufacturing principles and
techniques, a goal has been set to increase productivity levels at the factory by 30% or more in
the coming years.
Engines[edit]

VW engine in Jetta 2.0 TDI (PD) DPF

[show]Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque Top Speed

Golf Variant/Jetta SportWagen[edit]


See also: Volkswagen Golf Variant

2010 Volkswagen Jetta TDI Sportwagen (US)

2009 Volkswagen Jetta SportWagen

At the 2007 New York International Auto Show, Volkswagen unveiled a station wagon version
dubbed the Jetta SportWagen.[115] The Jetta wagon was not sold for the 2006, 2007 and
2008 model years in the United States.[citation needed]
The SportWagen has 930 litres (33 cu ft) of cargo space with the rear seats upright, or 1,894
litres (66.9 cu ft) with the seats folded. One unique option is a panoramic sunroof. The
available roof is a full 1.18 square metres (12.7 sq ft) in area, giving both front and rear seat
passengers an expansive view of the sky.
A similar model is sold as the Golf Variant in most markets outside the United States. In Mexico
it is sold as the Bora Sportwagen and later Golf SportWagen with front fascia updates, Jetta
Variant in Brazil, Vento Variant in Argentina, Jetta Wagon in Canada (2009 only), Golf Wagon in
Canada (2010 onwards), and Golf Estate in the United Kingdom.
The 2010-model Jetta SportWagen is based on the fifth-generation Volkswagen Golf, despite
the sixth-generation front facelift.
2010 Jetta TDI Cup "Street" edition[edit]
It is a version commemorating the 2008+ Jetta TDI Cup Race series, the last year of the Mk V,
and based on the TDI Clean Diesel sedan. The same 104 kW (139 hp; 141 PS), (240 lbfft
torque) diesel motor is supplied, but the package includes GLI brakes, suspension, and sway
bars. Additional upgrades from the base TDI are "TDI Cup Edition" body side stickers, 18 inch
wheels with Pirelli P-Zero or Yokohama ADVAN 225/40R18 sport tires, aluminium pedals,
leather-wrapped steering wheel, chrome door linings, aerodynamic body kit (front, side & rear),
an Interlagos cloth interior with heated sport seats, short shifter, faux carbon fiber inlays (as
opposed to metallic), and a black interior (headliner/doorcards/dash).
It can be purchased with either a 6-speed Manual or DSG transmission (DSG includes paddle
shifters), and a "Thunderbunny" body kit is optional (and available from VW only on the Cup
edition).
The vehicle was unveiled in 2008 SEMA show. The production version went on sale in January
2010 with a base MSRP of $24,990USD (not including destination or options). [116]
Per VW North America, worldwide only 1,501 Jetta TDI Cup Editions were produced; 588 were
manufactured with a manual transmission, and 913 were built with DSG transmissions. Listed
below is a breakdown of how many were produced in each of the four color options:
Black: 579 Produced

250 manual transmission

329 DSG automatic transmission


Candy White: 485 Produced

171 manual transmission

314 DSG automatic transmission


Salsa Red: 215 Produced

89 manual transmission

162 DSG automatic transmission


Laser Blue: 186 Produced

78 manual transmission

108 DSG automatic transmission


Sixth generation (MK6/A6, Typ 5C6; 20112017)[edit]

Sixth generation A6 (5C6)

Overview

Also called Volkswagen New Compact Sedan (Under

Development)

Volkswagen Vento (Select South American Countries)

Volkswagen Sagitar (China)

Pyeonghwa Hwiparam 1613 (North Korea)

Pyeonghwa Zunma 1606 (North Korea)

Production 2010-2017

Model years 20112017

Assembly Puebla, Mexico

Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (GAZ, since 2013)

Aurangabad, India (Volkswagen India)

Chengdu, China (FAW-VW)

Pekan, Malaysia (DRB-HICOM)

So Bernardo do Campo, Brazil

Taganrog, Russia (TagAZ, 2016-present)

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door notchback sedan / saloon


5-door wagon / estate (2011-2015, North America

only)

Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive

Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform

Related Volkswagen Golf Mk6

Audi A3 Mk2

Powertrain

Engine
1.2 L I4 (turbocharged petrol)

1.4 L I4 (turbocharged petrol)

1.4 L I4 (turbocharged hybrid petrol /

electric)

1.6 L I4 (petrol)

1.6 L I4 TDI (turbocharged diesel)

1.8 L I4 (turbocharged petrol)

2.0 L I4 (petrol)

2.0 L I4 (turbocharged petrol)

2.0 L I4 TDI (turbocharged diesel)

2.5 L I5 (petrol)

Transmission 5-speed manual

6-speed manual

6-speed automatic

7-speed semi-automatic (DSG 0AM)


Dimensions

Wheelbase 2,650 mm (104.3 in)

Hybrid: 2,655 mm (104.5 in)

Length 4,644 mm (182.8 in)

Hybrid: 4,628 mm (182.2 in)

Width 1,778 mm (70.0 in)

Hybrid: 1,778 mm (70.0 in)

Height 1,450 mm (57.1 in)

Hybrid: 1,453 mm (57.2 in)

The 2013 Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid unveiled at the 2012 North American International Auto Show.

The sixth-generation Volkswagen Jetta, known as the NCS (New Compact Sedan) during its
development, was announced in the North American market in June 16, 2010. [117] The new
model is larger and cheaper to produce than the previous Jetta[118] making the vehicle more
competitive against rivals such as the Toyota Corolla, Honda Civic and Nissan Sentra[119] as part
of Volkswagen's goal of reaching sales of 800,000 units in the North American market by 2018.
[118]
Production of the vehicle is at Volkswagen's Puebla, Mexico, facility.[117] The sixth generation
Volkswagen Jetta was primarily designed by Volkswagen Mexico under the supervision of
Volkswagen Germany and 70% of the parts are designed and manufactured in Mexico. [120]
Although no longer sharing any body panels with the Golf and having a longer wheelbase, this
model is partly based on the same PQ35 platform.
Volkswagen's target of increasing its North American sales removed the Jetta from the
premium compact car market. This forced many cost-cutting measures to be made for the
North American models, which include a lower quality trim material for the interior and the
replacement of leather with leatherette as an optional seating upholstery. Leather is still
available on Canadian-spec models. The North American version also loses the multi-link rear
suspension of the previous generation.[121] Engines from the MK5 Jetta carried over include the
104 kW (140 hp; 142 PS) 2.5 L (five-cylinder) as well as the economy-minded 104 kW (140 hp;
142 PS) 2.0 TDI (diesel) engine. A Turbo Hybrid, 111 kW (149 hp; 151 PS) 1.4 L TSI
intercooled turbocharged engine mated with a 20 kW (27 hp; 27 PS) electric motor providing a
combined 127 kW (170 hp; 173 PS) and 249 Nm (184 ftlb) became available in 2013, due to
Hybrid popularity in North America. Additionally, the SEL Premium model retains the upscale
soft touch interior, as well as the multi-link independent rear suspension found on the GLI,
though softened for a more comfortable ride. It also has as standard a 7-speed sequential
manual DSG gearbox, with Sport and Tiptronic modes. The Jetta Turbo Hybrid has an
estimated combined fuel economy of 5.2 L/100 km (54 mpg-imp; 45 mpg-US).[122] The 2013
Volkswagen Jetta Turbo Hybrid was unveiled in January 2012 at the North American
International Auto Show.
In North America, the base model (S in the US, Trendline in Canada) receives a 2.0-liter 8-
valve four-cylinder engine with 86 kW (115 hp; 117 PS) and 169 Nm (125 lbfft) torque. Sales
of the 2013 model year Jetta Turbo Hybrid are scheduled to begin in the U.S. by late 2012.[123]

Before facelift

After facelift

Interior

New for 2014, VW is replacing the 2.5 L inline 5 with the new 1.8 L TSI turbo-charged 4
cylinder. Based on VW's EA888 platform, the 1.8 TSI is listed as one of Ward's 10 Best
Engines for 2014, producing 127 kW (170 hp; 173 PS) and 249 Nm (184 ftlb) of torque, all
while achieving an EPA rating of 25 MPG city / 36 MPG highway.[124]
Other updates for 2014 include an independent multilink rear suspension as found in European
counterparts, and electronic power steering (1.8 TSI models only.) [125]
In Europe, the Jetta maintains its luxurious small saloon status. The engine range consists of
the 1.2 TSI, 1.4 TSI (122 or 160 PS), 2.0 TSI, 1.6 TDI and 2.0 TDI engines. [117] The European
version will differ in some respects, particularly in having multi-link suspension at the rear.
[121]
The European version will also incorporate soft-touch plastics on most of the dashboard
(not the doors for this generation), and the rear seat center air vents have been restored. For
the 2015MY, Volkswagen made numerous improvements to the Jetta such as new front and
rear fascias, headlights, reworked interior, fully independent suspension for all US models, a
suite of driver-assistance systems such as blind spot monitoring, cross traffic alert, and
standard rearview camera.
The sixth-generation Jetta went on sale on July 22, 2010 in Mexico, thus becoming the only
country in the world where both the fourth (sold as the Volkswagen Clsico), and sixth
generation Jetta were available simultaneously. (Both models are also both available in
Colombia and Argentina). The sixth generation Jetta replaced the fifth, known in Mexico as
the Volkswagen Bora. A special edition called the "Volkswagen Jetta Edicin Especial
Bicentenario" and approved by the Mexican Federal Government commemorates that
country's 200th anniversary of the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence, on
September 16, 1810. It is also the first car in Mexico with granted permission to use an official
government logo (a "2010" plaque).[126] It was launched in India on 17 August 2011.[citation needed]
Volkswagen launched the 2015 Jetta facelift in the Indian car market on February 17, 2015.
The sedan came with a Completely Knocked Down (CKD) kit, and is locally assembled at
Volkswagen's Chakan factory, near Pune.[127]
It was launched in Australia and South Africa in September 2011.
The revised 2015 Jetta has secured the highest ratings from most of the key crash testing
agencies across the world: Top pick+ in IIHS, 5 stars in NHTSA, 5 stars each in EURONCAP
and AUSNCAP. It is recognised as one of the safest vehicles in its class.
Jetta GLI[edit]
The Jetta GLI, a sedan version of the Golf GTI based on the new Jetta, was revealed at the
2011 Chicago Auto Show with the 2.0 TSI 200 hp engine and a fully independent suspension,
as well as the European Jetta's soft touch materials. A black honeycomb grill, aggressive lower
intakes, side adorning foglights, smoked taillights, dual tailpipes, red painted calipers, and red
stitching are all elements to separate it from its run-of-the-mill counterpart. [128] The GLI, as well
as the Jetta TDI, are the only two trims to receive Volkswagen's 6-speed manual transmission
as well as the optional 6-speed DSG gearbox.[129]
Jetta GLI Edition 30 (2014)[edit]
Including Edition 30 and the Edition 30 with Navigation, they are versions of 2014 Jetta GLI
commemorating 30th anniversary of Jetta GLI in the US market. Changes include 18-inch
"Laguna" aluminum-alloy wheels, red trim on the front grille, a trunklid-mounted spoiler, Edition
30 badging, Bi-Xenon headlights (Edition 30 with Navigation), contrasting color V-Tex
leatherette seats with red accents; red contrast stitching on the steering wheel, shifter, brake
lever, and armrests; carbon-look trim inlays; Edition 30 kickplates; floormats with red stitching,
Choice of four body colors (Deep Black Metallic, Pure White, Tornado Red, and Reflex Silver
Metallic).
The vehicle was set to go on sale in 2014.[130]
Jetta 1.8T Sport (2015)[edit]
In 2015 Volkswagen offered a limited-edition Jetta Sport in the US market. Based on the 1.8T
SE with Connectivity(minus the sunroof), this trim adds a sport suspension, RNS 315
navigation with rearview camera, 17-inch "Joda Black" alloy wheels; two-tone heatable sport
seats; foglights; black headliner; contrast stitching on leather-wrapped steering wheel, seats,
handbrake and shift lever; rear spoiler. It is available in a five-speed manual and six-speed
automatic transmission. Choice of four body colors (Black, Pure White, Tornado Red, and
Platinum Grey Metallic) A lighting package similar to the GLI is an available option which
includes High-intensity Bi-Xenon headlights with LED Daytime Running Lights and an Adaptive
Front-lighting System along with interior ambient lighting. [131]
The model is meant to have a seventh generation to be released in 2017.

Alternative propulsion cars[edit]


In 2001, at the 18th International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition in Berlin,
Volkswagen released two environmentally friendly cars: the Bora HyMotion and the Bora
Electric.
The Bora HyMotion was a hydrogen powered Mark 4 with a 75 kW fuel cell that could
accelerate from 0 to 97 km/h (60 mph) in 12.5 seconds. With a 49-litre tank
of cryogenically stored hydrogen, it had a range of 350 km (220 mi). Top speed was 140 km/h
(87.0 mph).[132]
In 2002, Volkswagen, along with Paul Scherrer Institute released another hydrogen powered
car called the Bora Hy.Power. The car was powered by hydrogen compressed to a pressure
of 320 bar (4600 psi). It had ratings very similar to the HyMotion; with a 75 kW (100 hp) power
source. A special feature of the car was a 60 kilowatt super capacitor which could boost power
when needed and also recover energy when coasting.[133]
Volkswagen had considered producing a mild hybrid version of the fifth generation mainly for
the North American market.[134] In 2013 Volkswagen produced a turbocharged full hybrid sixth
generation offering for the North America market.
Biofuels[edit]

Wagon being fueled with Biodiesel

Volkswagen released a Jetta MultiFuel in 1991, at first to the governments of the state of
California and New York, and then for limited retail sale in those states to the public. They are
an early example of an E85 vehicle, burning a mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline.
These Jettas can still be found on U.S. roads.
Volkswagen approves fueling Jetta TDIs with up to 5% biodiesel (B5).[135] The diesel engine can
sometimes be run with higher percentages of biodiesel, particularly during warm months.
However, if the car experiences a fault, Volkswagen may deny warranty coverage if
unapproved fuel is used.[136]
Volkswagen also released a Bora TDI which was powered by SunFuel, a synthetic
fuel developed in partnership with Royal Dutch Shell.[137] The company also displayed Bora TDI
powered by SunDiesel that Volkswagen also developed with DaimlerChrysler along with
Choren Industries.[138]
Use of the two most popular blends of Biodiesel that are mostly Biodiesel, B80 and B100, is
not recommended in 2009 and 2010 US TDI engines.
In Brazil, until 2015, the Jetta was sold with the 2.0 L flex-fuel (marketed as "Total Flex") engine
in Trendline and Comfortline trims. It could run on either E100 or Petrol. From 2016 model year
onwards, the 2.0 L flex-fuel was replaced by the 1.4 L TSI turbocharged engine from EA211
family, that runs exclusively on petrol.[139]
Electric vehicle[edit]
In the early 1980s, Volkswagen released a limited production electric Jetta called the Jetta
CitySTROMER. It featured a 24.8 hp (18.5 kW) powertrain (later 37.5 hp (28 kW)), with a
range of 190 km (250 in the later version).[140]
The second concept vehicle was called the Bora Electric. It had a power rating that varied
according to the operating conditions. The Bora Electric could accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in
10 seconds with a range of 160 km. The energy needed to drive the vehicle is stored in
a Lithium-ion battery. It was noted that its chance of success was limited in the marketplace
given the high cost of the electric drive system.[141]

Awards and recognition[edit]


In November 2008 the VW Jetta TDI (clean diesel) won the 2009 Green Car of the
Year awarded by Green Car Journal.[142]
The Jetta TDI won MotorWeek's 2009 Driver's Choice Awards for "Best Eco-Friendly" and
"Best of the Year".
As a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal, the Green Car Journal rescinded this award.

Motorsport[edit]
From 2008 through 2010, Volkswagen and the Sports Car Club of America hosted
the Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup, using factory prepared 2009 Jetta TDIs.
For the 2010 SCCA World Challenge season, Irish Mike's Racing is campaigning GLIs in the
touring car class. Todd Buras won rounds 1 and 2 at the Grand Prix of St. Petersburg[143] and
round 10 at Virginia International Raceway[144] while Chip Herr won round 4 at Mosport.[145]

Recalls[edit]
On September 30, 2011, Volkswagen of America announced a recall involving 20092012
Jetta and Jetta Sportwagen models with the 2.0L TDI engine; this recall points to a resonance
condition with the number 2 fuel injector line and the fuel injector pulses, causing small cracks
in the line, which could leak.[146]
Volkswagen emissions violations recall[edit]
In September 2015 it was discovered that some Volkswagen TDI's exceeded the legal amount
of emissions in the United States. These emissions violations, popularly known as
"emissionsgate" or "dieselgate", affect the 2.0 L TDI diesel engines (engines 2008 and later in
North America.)[147]