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Running head: title 20171725 Naomi Wharton

[Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines]

Wharton. Naomi

University of Notre Dame Fremantle

School of Education
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Table of Contents

Title

HEADING 1..................................................................................................................................

EXAMPLES..................................................................................................................................

Format...................................................................................................................................

SUMMARY.....................................................................................................................................

REFERENCES.................................................................................................................................

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APA Style Sample

American Psychological Association style is primarily used in the social science

disciplines. It is formatted like Modern Language Association (MLA), and shows many

similarities, but is unique in several key points. This paper discusses the APA in detail.

APA uses parenthetical (or in-text) citations within sentences, but rather than

indicating the author's name and page number, APA includes author's name and date of

publication. The page number, represented with a p. or a pp., is only added to the

citation when using a direct quote (not a summary or paraphrase). If the author's name is

mentioned in the sentence, then place the date of publication in parentheses directly after

the name. If the name is not mentioned include the author's name and date in

parentheses at the end of the source material. And, if you use a direct quote, place the

page number after the publication date within the parentheses.

Examples

Note the difference between the following three examples:

Terrence (1999) has presented poignant examples from 150 interviews.

However, it has been pointed out that the research was conducted in a selective, highly

biased, way (Strong & Porter, 1998). Add these All of the interviewees have been called

exceptions to the norm (Strong & Porter, 1998, p. 5).

Note the first example paraphrases an author that is named in the sentence, the

second example paraphrases authors th(APA,; Bretag, 2013; Hosny & Fatima, 2014;

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Strong & Porter, 1998; Terrence, 1999) at are not named in the sentence, and the third

example provides a direct quote (thus the inclusion of the page numbers) but also does

not identify the authors within the sentence. If the authors were identified within the

sentence in the third example, the authors' names would be followed by the year of

publication and only the page numbers would be in the parentheses at the end of the

quote.

Format

Finally, the bibliographic page in APA style differs from MLA, what APA calls

the Reference page. You will notice a few immediate differences from the MLA Works

Cited format. With APA you include the initial of the author's first name rather than the

complete name, the publication date immediately follows the author's name in

parentheses, and titles of articles are not surrounded with quotation marks. The lists are

still alphabetized by author's last name (or title in the absence of an author) and the first

line is flush left while subsequent lines in the same entry are indented in (approximately

5 spaces or one tab). A good resource to help you with referencing is Notre Dames

referencing guide at http://library.nd.edu.au/referencing/apa#s-lg-box-3040351. There is

also a summary downloadable help document available at:

http://library.nd.edu.au/ld.php?content_id=8053459. In APA Style, you include a

reference list rather than a bibliography with your paper (APA, 2017). A reference

list consists of all sources cited in the text of a paper whereas a bibliography may

include resources that were consulted but not cited in the text as well as an annotated

description of each one.

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Summary

The School of Education, University of Notre Dame Australia, uses the APA 6th

referencing style for all written documents. In addition to in text referencing and the

reference list there are a number of formatting requirements to ensure your essay

complies with APA standards. Get to know the APA 6th.

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References
APA .Bibliography versus reference list. Retrieved from

http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references.aspx#Bibliography
Bretag, T. (2013). Challenges in addressing plagiarism in education. PLoS Med, 10(12),

e1001574.
Hosny, M., & Fatima, S. (2014). Attitude of students towards cheating and plagiarism:

University case study. Journal of Applied Sciences, 14(8), 748-757.

doi:10.3923/jas.2014.748.757
Strong, R. L., & Porter, M. (1998). Grammatical combinations   In S. Parker, &

K. Gibson (Eds.), Language and literacy (pp. 540-578). Cambridge, UK:

Cambridge University Press.


Terrence, H. S. (1999, November 1). Terrence, H. s  Oregonian

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