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Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 1 Modelling change and rates of change WorkSHEET 1.

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WorkSHEET 1.2 Modelling change and rates of change


Name: ___________________________

1 Sketch the gradient function for each of the


following graphs: (a)
(a)

(b)
(b)

(c)
(c)

2 For the following graphed functions, state the (a)


domain (where applicable) where the gradient: (i) f x 0 when x : x 3
(i) is equal to zero (ii) f x 0 when x : x 3
(ii) is positive (iii) f x 0 when x : x 3
(iii) is negative
(iv) does not exist (b)
(i) f x 0 when x : x {0,2}
(a)
(ii) f x 0 when x : 0 x 2
(iii) f x 0 when x : {x 0} {x 2}
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 1 Modelling change and rates of change WorkSHEET 1.2 2

(c)
(i) f x 0 when x : x 0
(ii) f x 0 when x : x 0
(iii) f x does not exist when x : x 0

(b)

(c)

3 For each of the graphed functions in the (a)


previous question, sketch the gradient
functions.

(b)
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 1 Modelling change and rates of change WorkSHEET 1.2 3

(c)

4 Find the gradient of f x 3 x 2 2 x 1 at the f x 3x 2 2 x 1


point x = 2, by differentiating using first f x h f x
f x lim
principles. h 0 h
3 x h 2 x h 1 3 x 2 2 x 1
2
lim
h 0 h
3 x 6 xh 3h 2 x 2h 1 3 x 2 2 x 1
2 2
lim
h 0 h
6 xh 3h 2h
2
h 6 x 3h 2
lim lim
h 0 h h 0 h
lim 6 x 3h 2 6 x 2
h 0

when x = 2,
f x 6 x 2 6 2 2 14

5 Use first principles to differentiate f x if: (a) f x 6 x 3


(a) f x 6 x 3 f x h f x
lim
h 0 h
(b) f x 4 x 7 x 2 6 x h 3 6 x 3
lim
h 0 h
(c) f x x x3
6 x 6h 3 6 x 3
lim
h 0 h
6h
lim lim 6 6
h 0 h h 0

(b) f x 4 x 7 x 2
f x 4 x 2 x 14
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 1 Modelling change and rates of change WorkSHEET 1.2 4

f x h f x
lim
h 0 h
4 x h x h 14 4 x 2 x 14
2

lim
h 0 h
4 x 8 xh 4h x h 14 4 x 2 x 14
2 2
lim
h 0 h
8 xh 4h h
2
lim
h 0 h
h 8 x 4h 1
lim
h 0 h
lim 8 x 4h 1 8 x 1
h0

(b) f x x x3
f x h f x
lim
h 0 h

lim
x h x h3
h 0 h
x h x 3 3 x 2 h 3xh 2 h3 x x3
lim
h 0 h
h 3x h 3 xh h3
2 2
lim
h 0 h
h1 3x 3 xh h 2
2
lim
h 0 h
lim1 3 x 3xh h 2 1 3x 2
2
h 0

6 Differentiate: (a) let y 4x3


(a) 4x 3 dy
12x 2
dx
(b) x4 6x 3
(c) 2 x 1 x 2 x 1 (b) let y x 4 6 x 3
dy
(d) xx 4 x3 6
dx
3
(e)
4 x2 (c) let y 2 x 1 x 2 x 1
2 x 2 x3 y 2 x 2 3x 2 x 1
(f) y 2 x3 x 2 5 x 2
x
dy
6x2 2x 5
dx

(d) let y xx
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 1 Modelling change and rates of change WorkSHEET 1.2 5

y x2 x
1
dy 1 2
x 1
dx 2
dy 1
1
dx 2 x

3
(e) let y
4x2
3 2
y x
4
dy 3
x3
dx 2
dy 3

dx 2 x3

2 x 2 x3
(f) let y
x
3 5

y 2x 2 x 2
1 3
dy 5
3x 2 x 2
dx 2
dy 5 x3
3 x
dx 2

7 Differentiate: (a) Let y 3 x 1 3 and let u 3 x 1


(a) 3 x 1 3 du
3
dx
(b) x2 y u3
3 dy
(c) 3u 2
1 4x du
dy dy du

dx du dx
dy
3u 2 3
dx
dy
9 3 x 1 2
dx
(b) Let y x2 and let u x 2
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 1 Modelling change and rates of change WorkSHEET 1.2 6

du
1
dx
1
y u2
1
dy 1 2
u
du 2
dy dy du

dx du dx
1
dy 1 2
u 1
dx 2
dy 1 1
x 2 2
dx 2
1

2 x2
3
(c) Let y and let u 1 4 x
1 4x
du
4
dx
1

y 3u 2

3
dy 3
u 2
du 2
dy dy du

dx du dx
3
dy 3
u 2 4
dx 2
dy 3
61 4 x 2
dx
6

1 4 x 3

8 If g ( x) 2 5 x 4 , find g (1) g ( x) 2 5 x
4

let u 2 5 x
du
5
dx
g (u ) u 4
dg
4u 3
du
dg dg du

dx du dx
dg
4u 3 5
dx
4 2 5 x 5
3

20 2 5 x
3
Maths Quest Maths B Year 12 for Queensland Chapter 1 Modelling change and rates of change WorkSHEET 1.2 7

g (1) 20 2 5 1 3
20 7 3
6860

9 1 1
If h( x) , find h ( 2) h( x)
x 5
2
x2 5
1

h x x 2 5
2

let u x 5 2

du
2x
dx
1

h (u ) u 2

3
dh 1
u 2
du 2
dh dh du

dx du dx
3
dh 1
u 2 2x
dx 2


3
1
x 2 5 2 2x
2


3
1
h (2) 2 2 5 2 2 2
2
1 3
9 2 4
2

2
3
2 3 2
2

27

10 Differentiate the following functions.


(a)
x(x 3)4

(b) x2 1
x2 1