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CONVERSATION
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Tony: Say Vicky, do you have any brothers or sisters?
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Vicky: Yes, I do. I have one brother and two sisters.

Tony: What do they do?

Vicky: They are school students. What about you?

Tony: Well, I have no brothers but I have a sister.

She is a school teacher. She works downtown.

Vicky: Great! And how does she go to work?

Tony: She goes to work by car. She has a Toyota.

Vicky: Really? I use public transportation. But I don`t take the bus. It is too slow.

I take the Metropolitano. It saves a lot of time.

Means of transport

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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GRAMMAR FOCUS c
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* Use the present simple for facts and routine activities.

E XAMPLES IN THE PRESENT SIMPLE

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

1. I have two brothers and three sisters.


2. You live in a big house near here..
3. Steve goes to work by bus.
4. Patricia takes the Metropolitano.
5. Peru exports cotton to other countries.
6. My family and I live in an apartment downtown.
7. You and your friends do exercises in the park.
8. The students have a break at half past ten.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES
1. I DON`T have two brothers and three sisters.
2. You DON`T live in a big house near here..
3. Steve DOESN`T go to work by bus.
4. Patricia DOESN`T take the Metropolitano.
5. Peru DOESN`T export cotton to other countries.
6. My family and I DON`T live in an apartment downtown.
7. You and your friends DON`T do exercises in the park.
8. The students DON`T have a break at half past ten.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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YES/NO QUESTIONS c
1. Do you have any brothers or sisters?
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Yes, I do. /Yes, I have a brother and a sister.
No, I don`t. / No, I don`t have any. e
2. Does your father go to the work by bus?
Yes, he does. /Yes, he goes to work by bus.
No, he doesn`t. / No, he doesn`t go to work by bus. I
WH-QUESTIONS I
1. What do you do? I am a teacher.
2. Where does your mother go in the morning? To the bank.
3. When do you wash your clothes? On Saturdays
4. How does your friend come to the institute? By bus.
5. Who do you have lunch with? With my family.
6. Why do you study in Cepeban? Because it is a well known institute.

EXERCISES

I. Write the correct form of the verbs in the blanks.

My family and I ___________ (live) in the suburbs. My husband and I


________ (work) near here, so we __________ (walk) to work. Our
daughter Daisy ___________ (study) downtown, so she ____________
(take) the bus to the university. Our daughter Raiza __________ (have)
a car, so she _____________ (drive) her car to work.

II. Write DON`T or DOESN`T.


It is winter in Lima. I __________ want to get up so early to go to work
because it is really cold. My mother __________ want to prepare
breakfast to me because she is sleepy. I __________ want to wait for
the bus at the bus station because it is windy and my husband _______
want to drive me to work because it is far. I __________ want to be an
adult !!

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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S PEAKING c
Ask these questions to your partner and write his/her answers.
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1. Do you have brothers or sisters? .......................................................................... e
2. What are their names? .........................................................
3. Do you live with your family? ............................................................................
4. Where do you live? .............................................................................
5. What time do you get up on weekends? ...............................................................
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6. Do you come to the institute by bus? ..................................................................... I
7. Do your parents work? ...........................................................................................
8. What time do they go to work? .............................................................
9. Do they walk to work? ............................................................................................
10. How do they go to work? ...........................................................
11. Do you go shopping? ......................................................
12. When do you go shopping? ...................................................................................
13. Where do you go shopping? ................................................................
14. Do you go to the cinema? .............................................................
15. What kind of movies do you watch? .......................................................................

Now report your partner`s answers to the class.


___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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R EADING c
Read what Steve does every day, and what hes doing now. Then repeat after the
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Pair work: Ask your partner what Steve does every day and what he/she does at
the same hours every day.

Example: Student A: What time does Steve get up? What time do you get up?

Student B: Well, he gets up at 6 a.m. and I get up at 7:30.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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T IME EXPRESSIONS FOR THE SIMPLE PRESENT c
Early In the morning
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Late In the afternoon
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Every day In the evening

At 9:00 On Sundays I
At noon/ midnight On weekends I
At night On weekdays

L IST OF VERBS IN THIS UNIT

Base -s form Meaning

Have has __________ Come comes __________

Do does __________ Study studies __________

Work works __________ Walk walks __________

Go goes __________ Want wants __________

Use uses __________ Get up gets up __________

Take takes __________ Prepare prepares __________

Save saves __________ Want wants __________

Say says __________ Drive drives __________

Wash washes __________ Watch watches __________

Live lives __________ Eat eats __________

Export exports __________ Brush brushes __________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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CONVERSATION
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Larry: Where is Diana? I
Pam: Oh, she is in the cafeteria.
Larry: And what is there in the cafeteria?
Pam: Well, there is a small table. She is sitting
at the table, on a chair.
Larry: What else is there?
Pam: There is another chair opposite Diana.
She has her feet under the table; she is holding
a cup in her hands.
Larry: What is there on the table?
Pam: There is a laptop in front of Diana, some
paper on the table, an appointment calendar
behind the laptop, a muffin on a corner of the
table, a calculator between the appointment
calendar and the muffin and two pens next to
the laptop. Oh, her bag is under the table.

G RAMMAR F OCUS

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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I. Complete the exercise according to the picture in the conversation.
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1. ______ the picture, I can see a woman.
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2. The woman is sitting ________ a table.
3. She is sitting ________ a chair.
4. There is another chair ________ the woman.
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5. Her feet are ________ the table
6. The woman is holding a cup ________ her hands. I
7. ________ the table are a laptop, some paper, a calculator, an
appointment calendar, two pens and a muffin.
8. The woman is looking ________ her laptop.
9. The woman's bag is ________ the table.

II. Complete the exercise according to the picture.

1. ________ the picture, there are four people.


2. A couple is sitting ________ the table.
3. They are sitting ________ chairs.
4. The drinks are ________ the table.
5. One woman is standing __________ the table.
6. ________ her is a man who is barbecuing.

III. Complete the exercise according to the picture.

1. There are three children________ the picture.

2. The girl is standing ____________ the two boys.

3. The boy with the green shirt is ________ the right.

4. He has a gameboy ________ his hands.

5. The kids are looking ________ his gameboy.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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S PEAKING c
Preposition basketball l
1. Place several different objects on the teacher`s desk. e
2. Put also a small box or a bag that represents the
basket.
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3. Volunteers throw a paper ball into the basket.
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4. The other students ask: where is the ball?

5. The student answers describing the final location of the


ball.

Example: "The ball is behind the red pen",

"It is under the teacher's desk", etc.

Lets play basketball!

R EADING
My office

Like most offices, my office is a place where I can concentrate on my work and
feel comfortable at the same time. Of course, I have all the necessary equipment
on my desk. I have the telephone next to the fax machine on the right side of my
desk. My computer is in the center of my desk with the monitor directly in front of
me. I have a comfortable office chair to sit on and some pictures of my family
between the computer and the telephone. In order to help me read, I also have a
lamp near my computer which I use in the evening if I work late. There is plenty
of paper in one of the cabinet drawers. There are also staples and a stapler,
paper clips, highlighters, pens and erasers in the other drawer. In the room, there
is a comfortable armchair and a sofa to sit on. I also have a low table in front of
the sofa on which there are some industry magazines.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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Multiple-Choice Comprehension Check Questions
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Choose the correct answer based on the reading. l
1. What do I need to do in my office? e
A) Relax B) concentrate C) study D) read magazines
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2. Which piece of equipment do I NOT have on my desk?
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A) Fax B) computer C) lamp D) photocopier

3. Where are the pictures of my family located?

A) On the wall B) next to the lamp C) near the fax

D) Between the computer and the telephone

4. I use the lamp to read:

A) All day B) never C) in the morning D) in the evening

5. Where do I keep the paperclips?

A) On the desk B) next to the lamp C) in a cabinet drawer D) next to the telephone

6. What do I keep on the table in front of the sofa?


A) Company reports B) fashion magazines C) books D) industry magazines

True or False

Decide if the statements are 'true' or 'false' based on the reading.

1. ( ) I work late every night.


2. ( ) I use highlighters to help me remember important information.
3. ( ) I keep reading materials that are not related to my job in the office.
4. ( ) It is important to me to feel comfortable at work.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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Useful Vocabulary
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Look for these words in your dictionary, and then make sentences with them.
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Armchair________________________ furniture_____________________
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cabinet__________________________ highlighter___________________
desk____________________________ laptop_______________________
drawer__________________________ paperclip____________________
equipment_______________________ stapler______________________
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Example: I sit on my favorite armchair to watch TV.

__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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C ONVERSATION I
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Mary: What are you doing?

Joseph: I`m cooking lunch.

Mary: Can you cook very well?

Joseph: No, I cant cook very well, but I can make spaghetti very
well.

Mary: Can you prepare hamburgers?

Joseph: Yes, I can. I can make juicy hamburgers.

Mary: Great! Let`s prepare some. Im hungry.

G RAMMAR F OCUS

C AN FOR ABILITY
Affirmative/negative

I/you/he/she/it/we/they CAN/CAN`T dance.

Questions

CAN I/you/he/she/it/we/they fly?

Short answers

Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they CAN.

No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they CAN`T.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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E XAMPLE SENTENCES WITH CAN


1. Super girl can fly.

2. Gaston Acurio can cook very well.

3. Shakira can sing in English and Spanish.

4. People from Callao can dance salsa excellent.

5. Phelps can swim different styles.

6. Sofia Mulanovich can surf very well. She`s a champion.

7. Bart Simpson can skate around Springfield.

8. I can`t roller skate at all.

9. You can`t speak English fluently

10. We can`t live without oxygen.

11. Penguins can`t fly at all.

12. New born babies cant walk.

13. Animals can`t talk.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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Y ES / NO AND W H - QUESTIONS WITH CAN c
1. Can you fly? Yes, I can/No, I cant.
2. Can you cook? Yes, I can cook very well. / No, I cant cook at all.
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3. What can Shakira do? She can sing very well. e
4. What can Sara and Paul do? They can dance salsa well.
5. Can the little girl swim well? Yes, she can. / No, she cant.
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6. What can Robert do? He can surf at the beach.
7. Can Alonso skate? No, he cant skate very well. I
8. What can you do? I can speak in French.
9. Can you roller-skate? Are you kidding? No, I cant.

E XERCISES
Answer these questions with complete sentences.

1. What can superman do?


_____________________________________________________

2. What can Gaston Acurio do?


_____________________________________________________

3. What can Shakira do?


_____________________________________________________

4. What can Vania Masias do?


_____________________________________________________

5. What can Michael Phelps do?


_____________________________________________________

6. What can Sofia Mulanovich do?


_____________________________________________________

7. What can Bart Simpson do?


_____________________________________________________

8. What can you do?


_____________________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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S PEAKING c
Look at the picture on page 10. Ask your partner about his/her abilities.
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Example: Student A: Can you fly?

Student B: No, I can`t. I can`t fly at all.


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Now, report your partner`s abilities to the class.

Example: Peter can swim but he can`t cook. I


He can dance salsa very well but he can`t dance samba. I

READING
8 B ENEFITS OF R EADING

No matter what you read, the act of reading every day helps you in nearly every aspect of your life.

Here are a few ways that show reading can improve your quality of life.

1. Enhances Smarts

Reading can help in almost every area of smarts. No matter what you want to do or become, you

cant do it without more knowledge. Reading is an excellent way to get where you want to go.
2. Reading reduces stress

When Im reading a book, after a stressful day, it can easily distract me. Fiction is fantastic for this.

Reading an awesome fiction book is perfect right before bed time and if its really good you can relax

even more.

3. Greater tranquility

Reading can soothe like no other activity. This daily act of making you be quiet and still can provide

lots of calm.

4. Improves analytical thinking

Readers can improve their general knowledge, and more importantly are able to spot patterns

quicker. If you can spot patterns quicker, your analytical skills receive a boost.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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5. Increases vocabulary c
Its no secret that reading increases your vocabulary and improves your spelling. Reading can
increase your vocabulary more than talking or direct teaching. Reading forces us to look at words
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that we do not see or hear frequently. e
6. Improves memory

I have an awful memory. I usually cant remember even what I eat for breakfast. Reading frequently

I can remember stuff better.


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7. Improves writing skills I
Considering that reading improves vocabulary and critical thinking. I feel like a better writer, as Im

constantly reading works from people who are better than me.
8. Helps prioritize goals

Activities like reading show me that when you remove yourself from your work environment, you start

to see things that you really want to do, that youre not doing yet. Reading gives you a chance for

you to wander.

Comprehension

1. What are the benefits of reading?

______________________________________

2. Do you like reading? What do you like to read?

______________________________________

3. How many books do you read per month/year?

______________________________________

4. Do you think you have time to start reading?

______________________________________

5. Do you think money is necessary to start reading?

_________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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C ONVERSATION
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Listen and practice in pairs (PM: Personnel manager / A: Applicant)

PM: Good morning sir. Have a seat, please.


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A: Thank you.

PM: Tell me about you.

A: Well, I am a bank teller student. In the present, I am in


the second cycle of my career and I need a part-time job.

PM: OK. Go to the next-door room and fill out this application
form. Don`t use your cell phone. Write your personal data in
print letters.

A: OK. Do I need experience for this job?

PM: Not really. When you are done attach the form to your CV and leave it in Reception.

A: Yes, sir. Thanks.

G RAMMAR F OCUS

Affirmative Imperatives Negative Imperatives

Have a seat. Don`t use your cell phone.

Tell me about you. Don`t say anything.

Go to the next- door room. Don`t go out.

Fill out this application form. Don`t fill the last part.

Write your personal data. Don`t write at the back.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


Fill this application form. Don`t speak to the others.
BUSINESS ENGLISH 2
Attach the form to your CV Don`t send text messages.
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E XERCISES c
Look at the conversation and complete these sentences.
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1. ______________ the next-door room.

2. ______________ this application form.


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3. ______________ your personal data in print letters.

4. ______________ the form to your CV. I


5. ______________ it in Reception. I
Now write the instructions in negative form.

1. ______________________________________________________

2. ______________________________________________________

3. ______________________________________________________

4. ______________________________________________________

5. ______________________________________________________

S PEAKING
Pair work: Ask and answer these questions.

1. At what age do people usually begin to work in Peru?

2. At what age do people usually retire?

3. Do you think women can have the same jobs as men?

4. Do you think it is more important to make a lot of money or to enjoy the job?

5. Are you going to do the same job all your life? Why? Why not?

6. Do you think people over 65 can still work?

7. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good boss?

8. What are the advantages and disadvantages to a good job?

9. What is the difference between work and a job?

10. Do you think a comfortable workplace is of capital importance?

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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R EADING c
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DON`T TELL ME

I think my first day at work tomorrow is going to be difficult. Everybody is giving


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instructions and suggestions to me. Get a copy of this document, please., Write
this memo to Mr. Pickling and Mrs. Rosenberg., Have Mr. Roads sign these
leaves for the employees mentioned there., Don`t accept excuses for delayed I
deliveries. At first, it is going to be hard to me and I am going to be about to say I
Dont tell me to do many things at the same time but then it is going to be just a
routine. Yes, I am going to start working and everything is going to be OK, I hope.

Comprehension

1. When is she going to start work?

______________________________

2. Does she think it is going to be hard or not?

______________________________

3. What is everybody going to give her?

______________________________

4. What kind of things are they going to tell her?

________________________________

5. What is she going to be about to say?

________________________________________________________________

6. After the first days, how is work going to be?

________________________________________________________________

7. How does she feel about start working?

________________________________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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C ONVERSATION I
Charly: Where were you born Melissa?
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Melissa: I was born in Cajamarca. And you?

Charly: I was born in Cuzco.

Melissa: Really? When were you born?

Charly: I was born in 1991. What about you?

Melissa: I was born in 1993. I am twenty this


year, and you are twenty two, right?

G RAMMAR F OCUS
P AST TENSE OF B E
Affirmative examples

I was born in Lima.

You were very good in the talent show.

He was the best in his math class.

She was late for work.

It was a sunny day.

We were at home at 7 p.m. yesterday.

They were satisfied with the test results.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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Negative examples Negative contractions
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I was not sleepy last night. I wasnt sleepy last night.
You were not in the room. You werent in the room. e
He was not married. He wasnt married.
She was not famous. She wasnt famous.
It was not cold yesterday. It wasnt cold yesterday.
We were not invited. We werent invited. I
They were not friends. They werent friends.
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Questions

To form yes/no questions simply reverse the subject and verb.

Yes/no questions Short answers

Were you tired this morning? Yes, I was ./No, I wasn`t.


Was he married? Yes, He was. /No, he wasn`t
Was it hot? Yes, it was. /No, it wasn`t.
Were we invited? Yes, you were. / No you weren`t.
Were they friends? Yes, they were. /No, they weren`t

Or add a Wh-word to make a more complex question.


Wh-questions
Why were you tired?
When was he married?
Where was the weather hot? In the jungle or on the coast?
How were we invited? By email?
Who was your best friend in high school?

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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R EADING c
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A SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF J ENNIFER L OPEZ (F IRST PART )
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Jennifer Lynn Lopez was born in the Castle Hill
section of the South Bronx on July 24, 1969.
Jennifer's parents Guadalupe Rodriguez and David
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Lopez were both born in Ponce, Puerto Rico, the I
second largest Puerto Rican city. The two
eventually met while living in New York City. While
Jennifer is of Puerto Rican descent her paternal
grandmother's parents were Europeans who
settled on the island of Puerto Rico. As a child
Jennifer enjoyed a variety of musical genres, mainly Afro-Caribbean rhythms like
salsa, merengue and bachata, and mainstream music like Pop, Hip hop and
R&B. Although she loved music, the film industry also intrigued her. Her biggest
influence was the Rita Moreno musical West Side Story (1961).

Answer in complete sentences.

1. Where was J.Lo born?

____________________________________________

2. When was she born?

____________________________________________

3. Where were her parents from?

____________________________________________

4. Where were her paternal grandmother`s parents from?

____________________________________________

5. Who was J.Lo`s biggest influence?

____________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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LISTENING c
Because you loved me
Performed by: Celine Dion l
Identify the examples of the verb to be in past
Then listen and sing along. e
For all those times you stood by me
For all the truth that you made me see
For all the joy you brought to my life
For all the wrong that you made right
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For every dream you made come true
For all the love I found in you I
I'll be forever thankful baby
You're the one who held me up
Never let me fall
You're the one who saw me through through it all

Chorus:
You were my strength when I was weak
You were my voice when I couldn't speak
You were my eyes when I couldn't see
You saw the best there was in me Where was Celine Dion born?

Lifted me up when I couldn't reach What was her first language?

You gave me faith 'coz you believed


I'm everything I am
Because you loved me

You gave me wings and made me fly


You touched my hand I could touch the sky
I lost my faith, you gave it back to me
You said no star was out of reach
You stood by me and I stood tall
I had your love I had it all
I'm grateful for each day you gave me
Maybe I don't know that much
But I know this much is true
I was blessed because I was loved by you

(Repeat chorus)

You were always there for me


The tender wind that carried me
A light in the dark shining your love into my life
You've been my inspiration
Through the lies you were the truth
My world is a better place because of you .

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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C ONVERSATION
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Richard: Diane, I went to the bank yesterday.
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Diane: What did you do there?

Richard: I opened a savings account!

Diane: How much did you save?

Richard: $2, 500.00. I made a long term deposit.

Diane: Do you make more money with a long term?

Richard: Yes, they offered me a 4.25% annual rate.

Diana: That is a super rate!

G RAMMAR F OCUS
SIMPLE PAST TENSE : AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGA TIVE
Regular verbs Irregular verbs

I played soccer with my co-workers. I went to the bank yesterday.

We watched a good film last week. We had a lot of work a month ago.

I didnt work last Saturday. You didnt go to the conference.

She didnt type the business letters. They didnt forget their bags.

We use did not or / didnt/ in the negative form and its used for all the subjects.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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S IMPLE P AST S TATEMENTS :R EGULAR AND I RREGULAR V ERBS c
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I visited the museum. I had a lot of work. I played soccer with friends.
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I didnt visit the museum. I didnt have a lot of work. I didnt play with friends.

We use simple past statements when:

1. We talk about action finished in the past

Ex: I visited Cuzco last year

2. Series of completed actions in the past.

Ex: First I got up, then I had breakfast

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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T IME EXPRESSIONS IN T HE PAST c
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Yesterday, the day before yesterday e
Last week, last month, last year, last
Saturday.
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A month ago, a year ago,
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In 2002, in 1987, etc.

E XAMPLE SENTENCES WITH TI ME EXPRESSIONS IN THE PAST

I danced at a disco last Saturday.

My family enjoyed the trip to Loreto last month.

You worked until midnight the day before yesterday.

Pamela started working in 2009.

Tony invited his friends home a week ago.

We studied for the presentation three days ago.

The bus stopped at the traffic lights a minute ago.

They did homework last weekend.

He forgot our anniversary in January.

Sheena had $1000.00 in 2010.

I went to Punta Sal a year ago.

The participant sang a beautiful song last show.

My boyfriend and I spent all day together yesterday.

I understood the Statistics class.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


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L IST OF VERBS c
Regular verbs Irregular verbs l
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Dance danced Do did
Enjoy - enjoyed Forget forgot
Work worked Have had
Start - started Go went I
Invite invited Sing sang
Study studied Spend spent I
Stop stopped Understand - understood

P RONUNCIATION

Notice the pronunciation of /ed/ endings

1.-ed sounds like /t/ when the verb ends with voiceless consonant sounds such as
/k/ and /t/ (e.g., worked, watched).

2.-ed sounds like /d/ when the verb ends with vowel sounds or voiced consonant
sounds such as /n/ (e.g., stayed, cleaned).

3.-ed sounds like /Id/ when the verb ends with the sounds /t/ or /d/ (e.g., invited,
visited)

E X E R C IS E S

A. Listen and practice. Notice the pronunciation of -ed

/t/ /d/ / Id/


Worked Cleaned Invited
Watched Stayed Visited

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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B. Listen and write these verbs under the correct sounds.
c
Cooked exercised listened needed shopped waited
l
e
C. Complete the chart with the correct form of the verb

Present Past Present Past Present Past


I
bought .. read /red/ sat
ate came took I
felt saw did
gave sang went
felt had spent

D. Put the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps. Use the Simple
Past in the statements.

Example: I ______ to the teacher. (to talk)

Answer: I talked to the teacher.

1. Jane __________a film. (to watch)

2. He __________ a box. (to carry)

3. They __________ their father. (to help)

4. John and Amy __________ things. (to swap)

5. I __________ to Andrew. (to talk)

6. Susan __________ with Peter. (to dance)

7. The boys __________ to play basketball. (to try)

8. We __________ a trip. (to plan)

9. She __________ her hair. (to wash)

10. The car __________ at the traffic lights. (to stop)

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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E. Complete these sentences with the verb in the negative.
c
1) I saw John but I didnt see Mary.
l
2) They worked on Monday but they .... on Tuesday.
e
3) We went to the shop but we ... to the bank.

4) She had a pen but she .... any paper.

5) Jack did French at school but he....


I
German. I
6) We talked about new markers, but we
... about new employees.

7) They went to Rome, but they .. to


Milan.

8) Mr. Smith learned French, but he


.Italian

9) Harry had breakfast at 10am, but he ..lunch.

10) I cleaned my bedroom, but I closet.

F. What did you do yesterday? Your sentences can be positive or negative.

1. (watch TV) I watched TV yesterday or I didnt watch TV yesterday

2. ( get up before 7:30) I

3. (have a shower) I

4. ( buy a magazine) I

5. (speak English) I

6. ( do an exam ) I

7. ( eat meat ) I

8. ( go to bed before 10:30) I

Now comment it to the class.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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R EADING I c
l
A SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF J ENNIFER L OPEZ ( SECOND PART )
e
At age five, Jennifer began taking singing and
dancing lessons. At school, Jennifer was an
amazing athlete and participated in track and field
I
and tennis. At age eighteen Lopez moved out of I
her parent's home. During this time Lopez worked
at a law firm while she took dancing jobs at night.
Her big break came when she was offered a job as
a fly girl on Fox's hit comedy In Living Color
(1990). Her first major film was Gregory Navas
My family (1995) and her career went into over-
drive when she portrayed slain Texan singer
Selena Quintanilla Perez in Selena (1997).

Answer these questions

1. When did J.Lo begin taking singing and dancing lessons?

________________________________________________

2. What did she participate in at school?

________________________________________________

3. When did she move out of her parent`s home?

________________________________________________

4. Where did she work during this time?

________________________________________________

5. Who did she portray in 1997?

________________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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S PEAKING c
Ask your partner these questions.
l
Did you as a child?

1. Clean your room


e
2. Make your bed

3. Get up early I
4. Sleep late on Saturdays I
5. Fight with your friends

6. Argue with your family

7. Listen to rock music

8. Watch the news on TV

9. Wear glasses

10. Wear braces

Answer with complete sentences.

Example: Yes, I cleaned my room. /No, I didnt clean my


room.

Then report it to the class

Example: As a child Manuel didn`t clean his room but he


made his bed

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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R EADING II c
O UR CURRENCY
l
The Nuevo sol (commonly referred to e
simply as "sol") is the currency of Peru. The
exchange rate as of April 26, 2012 is 2.64
I
soles to the US dollar. On November 2011
one euro was worth 4.05 soles, by April I
2012 one euro worth 3.50 soles. It was
instated in 1991, when the Peruvian
government abandoned the inti due
to hyperinflation of the currency; the nuevo
sol replaced the inti at a rate of 1 nuevo sol
= 1,000,000 intis. The inti itself replaced
another inflated currency, the sol, which was used between 1863 and 1985. The
name sol comes from the Latin solidus, and is also the Spanish word for "sun",
which the ancient Inca civilization worshiped as the god Inti.

Comprehension

1. What is the Nuevo sol commonly referred to?

2. What was the exchange rate for the dollar on April 26?

3. How much was a euro worth on November 2011?

4. When was the Nuevo sol instated?

5. Why did the Peruvian government abandon the inti?

6. How much was the Nuevo sol worth in intis?

7. Did the inti replace another currency?

8. How long was this currency used?

9. What is the meaning of sol in Latin and in Spanish?

10. How was the sun called by the Inca civilization?

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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c
l
e

C ONVERSATION I
A: Are you going to be at the party this Saturday? I
B: I'm not sure yet. Are you going?
A: Of course I am, because it's going to be great.
B: Is it really? When does it start?
A: The party starts at 8 o'clock.
B: Who is going to be in the party?
A: Pretty much everybody from school.
B: Why do you think it's going to be so much fun?
A: The party is going to have food, drinks, and live
music.
B: That sounds like its going to be great.
A: Are you going to go?
B: For sure. I'm definitely going to go. It is going to be the best party of the year!

G RAMMAR F OCUS

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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**Tip: Do not mix up with the Present Progressive
c
Going to-future Present Progressive
l
He's going to read the book. He's reading the book. e

B LUE SHOES AND RED ROSES I


Put the verbs into the correct form. Use going to. I
1. It (rain)___________________________.
2. They (eat) ____________________________stew.
3. I (wear) ____________________blue shoes tonight.
4. We (not / help) _________________________ you.
5. Jack (not / walk) ______________________ home.
6. (cook / you) _________________________ dinner?
7. Sue (not / share) __________________ her biscuits.
8. (leave / they) _____________________ the house?
9. (take part / she) ________________ in the contest?
10. Michael (not / take a shower) _________________
_______________________tonight.
11. The Internet caf (open) ____________________
___________________ until 11 p.m.
12. (My mom/ plant)__________________________
_____________red roses in her garden.
13. I (not/clean) ______________________ the whole
apartment today.

S PEAKING
Pair work: Talk with a classmate about your plans tonight.

* Tell your partner three (3) things youre going to do after class today and one (1)
thing youre not.

*Tell your partner one (1) thing youre going to do this weekend and three (3) things
youre not.

*Then report it to the whole class.



Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn MarnG
O
I
N
BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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R EADING c
What Are You Going to Do with Your Life? is the eighth studio
album by the British rock band Echo and Bunnymen. Les l
Pattinson the bassist of the group is not there anymore, partly due
to disagreements with vocalist Ian McCulloch. McCulloch and the e
remaining band member, guitarist Will Sergeant, are going to work
the record with session musicians. The London Metropolitan
Orchestra is going to provide backing music and the American
alternative rap band Fun Lovin`criminals are going to appear as I
guest musicians on two tracks. The album is going to be produced
by Alan Douglas and Echo and the Bunnymen and it is going to I
be recorded at various locations throughout England.

Answer these questions

1. What is the name of the eighth album by Echo and Bunnymen?


____________________________________________________________
2. Where are they from?
____________________________________________________________
3. Who is the bassist of the group?
____________________________________________________________
4. Who is the vocalist?
____________________________________________________________
5. What does Will Sergeant do?
___________________________________________________________
6. What are they going to work?
___________________________________________________________
7. What is the London Metropolitan Orchestra going to do?
___________________________________________________________
8. What are Fun Lovin`Criminals going to do?
___________________________________________________________
9. Who is going to produce the album?
___________________________________________________________
10. Where is it going to be recorded?
___________________________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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C ONVERSATION II c
A: Tell me fortune teller. What is going to happen in
l
the future? e
B: I can see you are going to wear business clothes!

A: Am I going to get the job tomorrow? I


B: No, you are not.
I
A: What am I going to work in then?

B: I can see you are going to run your own business!

G RAMMAR F OCUS
Yes/no Questions with BE GOING TO
Be Subject GOING TO Main Verb Rest of sentence
Are you GOING TO go to Plaza Vea later tonight?
Yes, I am. No, Im not.

Yes, I am. Im going around 8:30. No, Im not. Im going to Metro.

Is she GOING TO watch a horror movie?

Yes, she is. No, she isnt.

Yes, she is. Shes going to see Freddy No, she isnt. Shes going to watch a
Vs. Jason. comedy instead.

Are they GOING TO sleep In Room 219 of the hotel?

Yes, they are. No, they arent.

Yes, they are. Theyre going to be in No, they arent. Theyre going to sleep at
Room 219 next to the elevator. Aunt Susans house.

Am I GOING TO be Late for the meeting?

Yes, you are. No, you arent.

Yes, you are. Youre traveling during No, you arent. Youre taking the
rush hour. Express train.

* Rush hour = time of heavy traffic

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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WHATS GOING TO COME IN YOUR FUTURE? c
l
Writing: Answer these Yes/No questions in
complete answers. Give details. e

1. Are you going to meet anyone on the weekend? I


______________________________________ I
2. Are you going to watch television tonight?

______________________________________

3. Are you going to play any video games later today?

_____________________________________

4. Are you going to be rich and famous?

_____________________________________

5. Are you going to live happily ever after?

_____________________________________

Remember these Wh- words?

1. What - for object 4 How- for manner

2. Who- for person 5. Where- for place

3. What time- for hours 6 When- for time

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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Answer these Wh- questions about your future. Use complete sentences.
c
1. What are you going to do with your life?
l
___________________________________________________________
e
2. Where in the world are you going to travel?

___________________________________________________________ I
3. What hairstyle are you going to have next? I
__________________________________________________________

4. What time are you going to have for lunch / dinner?

__________________________________________________________

5. What are you going to do on your next birthday?

__________________________________________________________

6. How are you going to get better at speaking English?

__________________________________________________________

7. Who are you going to text or send an e-mail to today?

__________________________________________________________

8. What mobile phone are you going to buy next?

__________________________________________________________

9. When are you going to graduate?

_________________________________________________________

10. Where are you going to be 5 hours from now?

_________________________________________________________

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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S PEAKING c
Pair work: Tell your partner what you are going to do. l
*You have $10,000 from your recent lottery win! e
*Youre going to take a fantasy vacation.

* Think about your trip and tell the class. I


*Be sure to include:
I
-Where youre going to go.

-When youre going to leave.

-How youre going to arrive to your destination.

-Who youre going to go with and who youre not.

-What youre going to buy and not buy.

R EADING
Next month I am going to be on vacation. And first of all,
Im going to withdraw all my savings from the bank. Then
Im going to buy that beautiful set of suitcases I see in a
store every day when I go to work. After that Im going to
take my credit cards and go to the travel agency to buy a
tourist package to China. I am going to spend all my money
paying the installments after, but I think it is the only way I
can travel.

1. What is going to happen next month?

2. What is he going to do first?

3. What is he going to do after?

4. Is he going to pay in cash?

5. What are you going to do next vacation?

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2 c
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T IME EXPRESSIONS c
They are usually used at the beginning of a sentence:
l
Tonight Im going to send a message to Cynthia.
e
In an hour its going to be dark.

Tomorrow morning Marcos is going to water the flowers. I


Or at the end of a sentence: I
Im going to send a message to Cynthia tonight.

Its going to be dark in an hour.

Marcos is going to water the flowers tomorrow morning.

Notice these common time expressions for the future

Today Tomorrow evening


Tomorrow Tomorrow night
Later The day after tomorrow
This morning In a minute
This afternoon In an hour
This evening
In a week
This week
This month In a month after

This year In a year


This weekend In June (any month)
Tonight On Monday (any day)
Next week Soon
Next month In the near future

Next year Eventually


After
Tomorrow morning
Before

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2

L ISTENING
NEXT YEAR BABY By: Jamie Cullum
Next Year,
Things are gonna change,
Gonna drink less beer
And start all over again
Gonna pull up my socks
Gonna clean my shower
Not gonna live by the clock
But get up at a decent hour
Gonna read more books
Gonna keep up with the news
Gonna learn how to cook
And spend less money on shoes
Pay my bills on time
File my mail away, everyday
Only drink the finest wine
And call my Gran every Sunday
Resolutions
Well Baby they come and go
Will I do any of these things?
The answer's probably no
But if there's one thing, I must do,

Despite my greatest fears


I'm gonna say to you

How I've felt all of these years


Next Year, Next Year, Next Year
**In this song gonna, an
I gonna tell you, how I feel informal and common
Well, resolutions contraction for going to is
Baby they come and go used.
Will I do any of these things?
Identify and listen to all the
The answer's probably no
future time expressions.
But if there's one thing, I must do,

Despite my greatest fears


I'm gonna say to you
How I've felt all of these years
Next Year, Next Year, Next Year

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2

W RITING
What are you going to do differently in the future?

Example:

(Robert/drink coffee)

Robert is going to drink some coffee before his presentation.

Include a time expression for the future in your sentences.

1. (I/wear)
_________________________________________________________.
2. (Tania and Roger/ take the bus)
_________________________________________________________.
3. (You/deposit)
_________________________________________________________?
4. (They/not/read)
__________________________________________________________.
5. (Cecilia/send)
__________________________________________________________.
6. (I/not/turn on)
__________________________________________________________.
7. (The secretary/turn off)
__________________________________________________________.
8. (The teller /help)
__________________________________________________________.
9. (My mom and I/shop)
_________________________________________________________.
10. (We/ drive)
_________________________________________________________.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2

Sample Conversation: Action Sheets for Bank Clients


You are a bank client and you have a list of
Bank Transactions errands to do at the bank today. Go through the
list in order. Your teacher will give you a
bankcard, some ID, three bills and two checks.
Make sure you go to a different bank teller for
A = Bank Teller B=Customer
each transaction. Get the tellers signature when
A: Good Afternoon. How may I help you today? you are finished your transaction.

B: Hi. Id like to cash this check.

deposit this money into my account Tellers Bank Transaction


Signature
withdraw $500.00 from my account.

change this into American money.


Cash your first check.
pay this bill.

A: Can I have your bankcard please?


Deposit your money into your
B: Ok. Here you are. account.

A: And, Ill need some picture ID as well.

B: Is my driver license OK? Cash your other check.

passport

A: Thatll be fine. Thanks. Pay your telephone bill.

Teller counts money/writes a receipt

A: Here is your ID and here is your money. Withdraw $600.00.

your receipt

A: Will there be anything else for you today? Pay your electricity bill.

B: No, thats all thank you.


Change $200 into American
A: Have a nice day.
money.
B: You too.

Pay your gas bill.

Deposit your remaining


money.

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn


BUSINESS ENGLISH 2

Mg. (C) Mary Luz Sullcahuamn Marn