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CASE STUDY

Accurate Casing Wear Prediction


Model Validated in Deviated Well
ADVANCED MODELING USING STIFF-STRING METHOD CORRELATES
WITH ULTRASONIC LOG IN PREDICTING CASING WEAR FOR STATOIL
NORTH SEA

CHALLENGE CHALLENGE
Various methods for estimating downhole casing wear have been developed by the industry
Improve analysis of casing-wear-
with the goals of improving well integrity and longevity, and making casing designs more
related well integrity issues in a
North Sea well. Particularly in complex cost effective. However, precise casing wear prediction caused by drillstring movement has
deviated wells, inaccurate wear been difficult to achieve. Numerous industry models have failed to correlate sufficiently with
prediction: wear logs. A Statoil deviated well in the North Sea provided the context for validating a new
Compromises well integrity casing wear prediction method using a stiff-string model. The model calculates contact loads
Complicates well planning with greater accuracy by accounting for bending stiffness of the string and contact position
Results in over-planned casing of the drillstring at any given casing depth for different operations.
designs

SOLUTION MODEL ACCURACY HELPS REDUCE


CasingWear well integrity software,
which provides a stiff-string force
calculation model for more accurate
casing wear analysis
CASING-WEAR-RELATED
RESULT
WELL INTEGRITY ISSUES
Accurate results from advanced SOLUTION
modeling using a new stiff-string Conventional soft-string modeling follows the wellbore curvature and does not predict the
method to analyze casing wear contact points between the drill pipe and inner casing wall. While the soft-string method is
significantly improved operators
very good at predicting hook load, a more accurate method is needed for predicting casing
ability to understand, predict, and
avoid casing-wear-related well wear that is distributed around the casing, depending on the operation and its parameters.
integrity issues This stiff-string method, part of the new CasingWear well integrity software application,
presents a sound engineering approach to estimating and quantifying wear at any point
around the casing at any casing depth.
In the validation process, wear modeling and estimation were performed for a detailed well
data set, and the results were compared with measured values from an ultrasonic wear log.
The data set considers wear results resulting from any of five different operations: drilling,
back reaming, sliding, rotating off-bottom, and reciprocation. This comprehensive method
distributes wear among multiple wear grooves, to produce a more accurate simulation of
actual downhole conditions. This greater accuracy helps reduce wear over-prediction that is
common to soft-string models, and significantly improves the ability to understand, predict,
and avoid wear-related casing integrity issues.
CASE STUDY

Accuracy of the RESULTS


stiff-string model In the North Sea application, log measurements of remaining wall thickness correlated well with the
remaining wall thickness predicted by the CasingWear modeling. Also, the 360 azimuthal location of
significantly wear grooves at casing cross-sections measured with the log correlated very well with the location
improves the of the worst groove predicted by the model.
operators ability
to understand, Validation of the new modeling method helps

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establish a more exhaustive technique for predicting
predict, and
wear groove depths and respective groove locations.
avoid casing- Also, the development of a comprehensive set of
wear-related well downhole wear conditions as a function of total
integrity issues. operation time for a given casing depth provides a
new planning tool for mitigating casing wear.
Success of the rigorous stiff-string model provides
a pre-well planning and design tool for optimization
Applying the stiff-string torque-and-drag model
of operational parameters to mitigate wear. A more
enables fast identification of cumulative wear
effective casing design can be engineered based on groove position and depth.
estimated maximum wear conditions. This method
helps reduce the common practice of overdesigning the casing string by using an overly large safety
factor. The result is a more precise casing design and a reduction in overall well costs.
The CasingWear model can also help prevent casing failures due to unplanned wear conditions.
When an operation results in higher-than-planned wear, subsequent operations can be modified to
maintain total wear within design limits. In addition, nonproductive time (NPT) operations that can
lead to unplanned wear can be modeled. The actual wear analysis can be related to the overall loss of
well integrity and reduced well life, which can thus be avoided in future operations.
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Casing wall thickness Remaining casing wall Wear groove position Wear groove position
thickness comparison with ultrasonic log comparison with ultrasonic log

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