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false, fantasy, fable,
fairy tale, fictitious, Novel
fabricated, phony,
long fiction
fib, figment, fake,
fraud Short Story
Types short fiction
Setting: In a place that does not exist
in the real world. fable
Setting: In the distant past or a
Elements timeless place.
Events occur that could not happen Elements
in the real world. a very short story that usual has
only 2 or 3 characters.
Characters: people animal or objects are able to do things
they cannot do in the real world. Characters: Often the characters
are animals or things that talk and
act like humans.

fairy tale

Setting: in the distant
past. Often has an open
phrase, Once upon a
time or A very long
time ago

A difficult, sometimes seemingly
impossible, problem to solve. Elements
Characters: often with magical powers; May explain how
imaginary characters such as dragons, something in nature
fairies, giants, elves; royal looks or works
characters such as queens, (example: why the
princes, etc. The granting of spider spins a web).
wishes often occurs.
May explain why people behave in
Has a happy ending in certain ways.
which good wins over
evil. Characters: Often includes gods or
goddesses who interact with humans.
tall tales
Setting: in the recent or
distant past.

humorous exaggeration to tell the realistic fiction

adventures of a fictional (or possibly
nonfictional) character. Setting: a real place or could be a real place.
Build upon improbable incidences and unusual Elements
problems that are saved in creative ways.
The events in the story could happen in real life.

Characters: behave as people do in real life.

folk tale

Types historical fiction

Setting: some specific
Stories passed down from one generation to period of the past.
another. Originally told orally. Reflect the
culture in which they originated. Elements
Characters: may include animals or
inanimate objects that speak. They often A type of
teach a moral or lesson in life. realistic
fiction. Often,
Some folk tales called trickster tales are but not
about weak people or tiny animals always, the
outwitting their stronger enemies. story is based
on actual
Action builds through repetition. Has an historical
exciting climax at the end. Goodness and events and
intelligence win out over evil and people of the
foolishness. period.

Told from 3rd person point of view. The plot reflects

events or problems of
the period.
The details about
Setting: in the past. clothing, tools, and
Elements food are authentic to
the period.
Tells the story of a hero.
May be based on facts and real history,
but through numerous retellings the hero Types
and his or her deeds become larger than
life, and some facts are distorted.
long nonfiction

The opposite of fiction.

True. short nonfiction
told as a story
Writing Styles

facts; information
Types Elements
biography Often includes subheads
The true story of to organize topics.
someones life Might contain diagrams,
written by someone
else. opinions & photographs and other
Contains information that
It may span a persons whole life, or it can be checked by
may tell about an important part of a looking at other sources.
persons life.
An account of an persons entire life is
almost always told in chronological order
(in the time order events occurred). facts about history,
science, politics, etc.
Contains a variety of
important information
about the persons life.
Often tells how the
person feels and thinks
about things.

The true story of
someones life written
by that person.
see biography instruction manuals

Writing Styles
A serious story.
Sentences are
Intended for
sometimes broken
representation by
into parts. Each part
is on its own line.
impersonating the
Often contains characters and
words that rhyme. performing the
The lines often have dialogue and
a rhythm or meter.
told as a story action.
Words are A situation or
sometimes repeated. succession of
events having the
Sometimes emotional effect
describes things by characteristic of a
comparing them with play.
something else.
Often uses
figurative, Identifying The Literary Genre
descriptive, and
sensory language. 1.) Is it fiction or nonfiction
2.) What type of writing is it?
3.) What is the format (length)?
4.) What is the writing style?

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