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Alex Reilly

Reasoning at the Zoo


1.
- If an orangutan is male, then it will be taller than a female orangutan. Evidence: According to the
chart, all male orangutans are over 4 feet tall, and all female orangutans are under 3 feet tall. This
is inductive reasoning, as all of this is based of a specific scenario between only 6 orangutans.
- If an orangutan is taller than another orangutan, then it will weigh more. Evidence: Abby is 2.4
feet tall and weighs 97 pounds, Nelly is 2.6 feet tall and weighs 110 pounds, Goldie is 2.7 feet
tall and weighs 115 pounds, Oswald is 4.1 feet tall and weighs 184 pounds, Pepper is 4.4 feet tall
and weighs 198 pounds, and Harry is 4.5 feet tall and weighs 210 pounds. This is inductive
reasoning, as all of this is based of a specific scenario between only 6 orangutans.

2.

a. If an animal is an orangutan, then it eats both plants and animals. Reasoning: For this conclusion
I used the law of detachment, as omnivores eat both plants and animals (p->q), and orangutans
are omnivores (orangutans=p), therefore orangutans eat both plants and animals.
b. If an animal is a female mammal, then it can nurse its young. Reasoning: For this conclusion I
used the law of syllogism, as if a mammal is female, then it produces milk (p->q), and if an
animal produces milk, it can nurse its young (q->r), therefore, if an animal is a female mammal,
then it can nurse its young.
c. If a species is the giant panda bear, then it is likely to become extinct. Reasoning: For this
conclusion I used the law of detachment, as if a species is endangered, then it is likely to become
extinct (p->q), and giant panda bears are endangered (giant panda bears = p), therefore justifying
the conclusion that if a species is the giant panda bear, then it is likely to become extinct.

3.

First Sequence Second Sequence

Daily Diet: Daily Diet:


Day 1: 17 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 18.5 Day 1: 17 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 18.5
pounds of bamboo. pounds of bamboo.
Total: Total:
17 pounds of biscuits 17 pounds of biscuits
18.5 pounds of bamboo 18.5 pounds of bamboo
Day 2: 17 more pounds of nutritious biscuits, 18.5 Day 2: 17 more pounds of nutritious biscuits, 18.5
pounds of bamboo. pounds of bamboo.
Total: Total:
34 pounds of biscuits 34 pounds of biscuits
37 pounds of bamboo 37 pounds of bamboo
Day 3: 17 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 18.5 Day 3: 0 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 0 pounds of
pounds of bamboo. bamboo.
Total: Total:
51 pounds of biscuits 34 pounds of biscuits
55.5 pounds of bamboo 37 pounds of bamboo
Day 4: 17 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 18.5 Day 4: 0 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 0 pounds of
pounds of bamboo. bamboo.
Total: Total:
68 pounds of biscuits 34 pounds of biscuits
74 pounds of bamboo 37 pounds of bamboo
Day 5: 17 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 18.5 Day 5: 0 pounds of nutritious biscuits, 0 pounds of
pounds of bamboo. bamboo.
Total: Total:
85 pounds of biscuits 34 pounds of biscuits
92.5 pounds of bamboo. 37 pounds of bamboo.

Reasoning:
For the first sequence, knowing that after 2 days the panda bear ate 34 pounds of biscuits and 37 pounds
of bamboo, I had decided that each day the panda would eat 17 pounds of biscuits and 18.5 pounds of
bamboo, accumulating to a total of 85 pounds of biscuits eaten by the end of the week and 92.5 pounds of
bamboo eaten. For the second sequence, I had decided that the panda ate the same amount of food as the
first sequence for the first two days, however it was only known that the panda bear ate the specified
amount of food after only two days, I had the panda bear only eat on the first two days, making the total
food eaten by the end of five days only 34 pounds of biscuits and 37 pounds of bamboo. The first
sequence is definitely more likely, as I doubt a panda could go eating twice a week without starving,

4.
a. In the Bronx Zoo there are 13 giraffes and 3 elephants.
b. The oldest leatherback sea turtle in captivity is said to be 400 years old
c. Multiple American Bison have been found to be 6.5 feet tall.