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Baker Oil Tools

Well Completion

Subsoil Conference,
Esbjerg 6. February, 2007

by
Trond Rese
Baker Oil Tools, Scandinavia

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved.
Content

Completion - Definition
Basic well completion sequence
Pertinent completion concepts
PSI completion
Basic completion principles
Completion elements
Advanced completion technology

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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The Purpose of the Completion
The well completion is the installation that enables
production of fluids in a safe and efficient manner.

Ideally, the lowest cost completion (considering both initial and


operating costs) that meets the demands placed upon it for the well life.

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Reservoir Management Tool
The choice of completion concept is dictated by:
The reservoir model and operators drainage strategy.
Horizontal wells
Single zone/multiple zone
Co-mingled production/flow control
Pressure maintenance

Reservoir properties.

PE
PR
ER
Open hole/Cased hole completion

M
MEA
EA
Sand control measures

BI
BLIIT
LIY
Stimulation

TY
POROSITY
CEMENT
Sw
Artificial lift
So
The physical and chemical qualities of theROCK
fluids.
Completion metallurgy GRAIN
Elastomer qualities
Deposits/Scale Production Packer w/ feed through

Chemical injection HCM Sleeve


P/T gauge
Schrouded HCM Sleeve

Other development considerations. ZXP Liner Hanger and Packer w/ PBR

Expandable tubulars
Future well interventions
Well trajectory
Intelligent Wells
ZXP Liner Hanger
Multilateral wells and Packer w/ PBR
Hydrasplit w/ 4 1/2" on lateral leg
and 7" on main leg
Seal Bore Diverter

Production Anchor w/PBR seal


assembly
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MLZX Liner Hanger and Packer w/ PBR
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Basic Sequences
of a Well Completion
Drilling operation
Drill 30 36 pilot hole
Set 30 conductor
Drill 26 surface hole
Install 20 surface casing
Drill 17 intermediate hole
Install 13 3/8 intermediate casing
Drill 12 hole to top of the reservoir
Install 9 5/8 casing
Drill 8 hole to TD
Start of the Completion Operation
Run & hang off liner
Cement liner
Set liner hanger packer
Install production tubing
Set production packer
N/D BOP N/U X-mas tree
Perforate
Stimulate
Produce
2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated
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Completion Concepts

Multiple zone completion


Production packers set in the liner
Top packer need to be V0 rated
Selective zone production

Reservoir

Reservoir 2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Completion Concepts

Multiple zone completion


Dual string
Top packer need to be V0 rated
Selective zone production

Reservoir

Reservoir 2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Completion Concepts

Multiple zone completion


Production packers set above the liner
Isolation packer between the zones
Selective zone production

Reservoir

Reservoir

Reservoir 2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Perforate, Stimulate & Isolate (PSI)
Horizontal Completion

Side-Mounted K-3 Retrievable Production Locator Tubing Seal


Guns with Firing Head Hold Down ISO Packer Tubing Assembly

Work Ball ISO Packer CM Sliding Sleeve Concentric


String Seat Running Tool Work String

Guns
Work String

Liner

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

RIH and set Sump Packer

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

Position guns and perforate


POOH

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

RIH anchor
Set
Clean
with
outisolation
excess
and stimulate
assembly

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

Stab into sump packer

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

Set ISO Packer


Position
POOH guns and perforate

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

RIH anchor
Set
Clean
with
outnew
excess
and
isolation
stimulate
assembly

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

Stab into packer

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Completion Process

Set Packer
Position
Repeat process
guns and
until
perforate
all
new zone
zones are completed

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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PSI Horizontal Completion

Perforate stimulate and isolate in one trip


Developed for multiple-zone hydraulic fracs
Locator Tubing Seal Single-string selective cemented completion
Assembly
Completions 3.500+ zones isolated to date
9-5/8 or 10 3/4 Neo Packer

Millout Extension

Liner Hanger
Retrievable
ISO-Packer
Locator
Tubing Seal
Assembly

Liner

Tubing CM Sliding Sump Packer


Sleeve (closed)

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Well Completion Scematic

Upper Completion
(Well Control)

Lower Completion
(Production Control)
Cased Hole Completion Open Hole Completion

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Well Completion Scematic
EXCLUDER 2000

Schroud Membrane Wire wrap Base pipe

Screen

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Well Completion Scematic
PBR

Packing element

Liner hanger slips

Liner Hanger

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Well Completion Scematic
Inner Flow Ports

Outer Flow Ports

Inner Sleeve

Sliding Sleeve

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Well Completion Scematic
Inner Sleeve
Outer Flow Ports
Inner Flow Ports
Shroud
Plug

Flow Ports

Shrouded
Sliding Sleeve

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Well Completion Scematic
Slips (cast iron)

Packing element

Slips (cast iron)

Production
Packer

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Well Completion Scematic
Maine bore Orienting sleeve

Tool guards

Side pocket
w/flow ports

Side
Pocket
Mandrel

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Well Completion Scematic
Gaslift Gas fluid
Completion

Side
Pocket
Mandrel

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Well Completion Scematic

Safety
DHSV
Systems

CASV

FLX-4

PCT

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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The Intelligent Well System
Wellhead /Tubing Hanger
penetrates and feedthroughs

Data
Acquisition
System
Bumper Wire Termination
Subs

Safety Valve

Other Completion Components (Gauge Mandrel, Side


Control Panel Pocket Mandrels, Expansion Joint, Wet Disconnects, etc.)

Production
Packer Permanent
Monitoring
Hydraulic/Electric
Sleeve
Isolation
Hydraulic/Electric Packer Mechanical
Cable Protection Conduit
Systems (Clamps) Sleeve
Splice Sub and
Connectors
Seating Nipple
or Bull Plug
Tubing

Fiber or Electric
Conduit

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The Intelligent Well System
Basic Elements
Hydraulic Control
Lines, Chemical
Injection Lines and
Communication Lines
Permanent Sensors
for Pressure, Temperature and Flow

Production and
Isolation Packer
with by-pass
feature

Remote Control Flow Regulators

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Multilateral Wells
MULTILATERAL

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ML TAML Code
(Technology Advancement Multilateral)

Cased and
Open
Cased
Pressure
Cased andand
Cased integrity
cemented
unsupported and
cemented
at cemented
mainthe junction
main
cemented
bore
junction main bore
&bore
lateral.
andmain
achieved
Pressure lateral
with
bore at
isolation
LEVEL 6 the junction
the casing achieved
LEVEL
LEVEL
LEVEL15 4 with completion
LEVEL
LEVEL 2 3

Lateral
Opencased
hole,
but or
notunsupported
cemented liner
in lateral 2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated
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Multilateral Systems
Level 6
FORMation Junction
Level 5
FORM 5 Junction
HydraSplit HP Junction 1
RAM Hanger (3 or 5) 2
Level 3-4
HOOK Hanger System

1 Under development (Qtr 1-08)


2 Under development (Qtr 1 07)

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Expandable Tubulars

8-1/2"
Open
Hole

6-7/8" EXPress
Screen

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Expansion Video

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linEXX Video

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Reducing Annular Space,
Increasing ID

Large annular flow due to


greater resistance to flow in No annulus,
the pipe than the annulus
no annular flow

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Well Construction Evolution
Traditional Monobore

Expandable technology

Reduced consumption
Drilling Fluids 60% reduction

Future
Current

Casing 60% reduction


Cement 75% reduction
Reduced environmental impact
Cuttings 60% reduction
Less consumption means less
transport
Reduced drilling risk
Smaller rig/vessel

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Summary

Lower Completion Upper Completion


Cased hole completion Safety systems
Open Hole Completion Artificial Lift
Zone Isolation/Control Packer Systems
Flow Control

Advanced Completion Systems


Multilateral Well Completion
Intelligent Well Systems
Expandable Metal Systems

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Baker Oil Tools

Thank you for your attention.

2007 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved.