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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882

117
Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2017

On JAM of Triangular Fuzzy Number Matrices

Department of Mathematics, A. V. C. College (Autonomous), Mannampandal 609305, India

literature. A brief review on fuzzy matrices is given

ABSTRACT below.
The fuzzy set theory has been applied in many fields
such as management, engineering, theory of matrices Fuzzy matrices were introduced for the first time
and so on. In this paper, some elementary operations on by Thomason  who discussed the convergence of
proposed triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) are defined. power of fuzzy matrix. Fuzzy matrices play an important
We also have been defined some operations on
role in scientific development. Two new operations and
triangular fuzzy matrices(TFMs). We introduced the new
matrix and the notion of JAM fuzzy matrices are some applications of fuzzy matrices are given in
introduced and discussed. Some of their relevant [7,8,9,10]. JAM matrices play an important role in many
properties have also been verified application and have been the object of several studies
[3,5,6].
Keywords - Fuzzy Arithmetic, Fuzzy number, Triangular
fuzzy number (TFN), Triangular fuzzy matrix (TFM), The paper organized as follows, Firstly in section 2, we
JAM fuzzy matrix (JFM). recall the definition of Triangular fuzzy number and
some operations on triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs). In
I. INTRODUCTION section 3, we have reviewed the definition of triangular
fuzzy matrix (TFM) and some operations on Triangular
Fuzzy sets have been introduced by fuzzy matrices (TFMs). In section 4, we defined the
Lofti.A.Zadeh Fuzzy set theory permits the gradual notion of JAM triangular fuzzy matrices. In section 5,
assessments of the membership of elements in a set we have presented some properties of JAM of Triangular
which is described in the interval [0,1]. It can be used in fuzzy matrices. Finally in section 6, conclusion is
a wide range of domains where information is included.
incomplete and imprecise. Interval arithmetic was first
suggested by Dwyer  in 1951, by means of Zadehs
extension principle [13,14], the usual Arithmetic II. PRELIMINARIES
operations on real numbers can be extended to the ones
defined on Fuzzy numbers. Dubosis and Prade  has In this section, We recapitulate some underlying
defined any of the fuzzy numbers as a fuzzy subset of definitions and basic results of fuzzy numbers.
the real line . A fuzzy number is a quantity whose Definition 2.1 Fuzzy set
values are imprecise, rather than exact as is the case with
single valued numbers. A fuzzy set is characterized by a membership
function mapping the element of a domain, space or
Triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) are frequently universe of discourse X to the unit interval [0,1]. A
used in application. It is well known that the matrix fuzzy set A in a universe of discourse X is defined as the
formulation of a mathematical formula gives extra following set of pairs
facility to study the problem. Due to the presence of
uncertainty in many mathematical formulations in A={(x, A(x)) ; xX}
different branches of science and technology. We
introduce triangular fuzzy matrices (TFMs). To the best Here : X [0,1] is a mapping called the degree of
of our knowledge, no work is available on TFMs, membership function of the fuzzy set A and (x) is
through a lot of work on fuzzy matrices is available in called the membership value of xX in the fuzzy set A.

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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882
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Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2017

These membership grades are often represented by real

numbers ranging from [0,1].

A fuzzy set A of the universe of discourse X is

called a normal fuzzy set implying that there exists at
least one xX such that x =1.

A fuzzy set A={(x, x )}X is called Convex

fuzzy set if all are Convex set (i.e.,) for every
element and for every [0,1], +(1- Fig:1 Triangular Fuzzy Number
) for all [0,1] otherwise the fuzzy set is
called non-convex fuzzy set. Definition 2.6 Ranking function

Definition 2.4 Fuzzy number We defined a ranking function : F(R)R

which maps each fuzzy numbers to real line F(R)
A fuzzy set defined on the set of real number represent the set of all triangular fuzzy number. If R be
R is said to be fuzzy number if its membership function any linear ranking function
has the following characteristics
+
( ) = +
i. is normal
ii. is convex
Also we defined orders on F(R) by
iii. The support of is closed and bounded then is
called fuzzy number. (i). ( ) ( if and only if

(ii). ( ) ( if and only if

Definition 2.5 Triangular fuzzy number
(iii). ( ) = ( if and only if =
A fuzzy number = ( , , ) is said to be a
triangular fuzzy number if its membership function is Definition 2.7 Arithmetic operations on triangular
given by fuzzy numbers (TFNs)

; Let = ( , , ) and =( , , be
triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) then we defined,
;

= ; = Addition

; x + = ( + , + , + )

{ ; x> Subtraction
- = ( , , )
Multiplication
=( (B), (B), (B))
+ + + +
where ( = or ( =

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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882
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Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2017

Division A triangular fuzzy matrix of order mn is defined as

= A= , where =( , , ) is the

,
,
element of A.
+ + + +
where ( = or ( = Definition 3.2 Operations on Triangular Fuzzy
Matrices (TFMs)
Scalar multiplication
( , , ) As for classical matrices. We define the following
k ={ operations on triangular fuzzy matrices.
( , , ) <

Let A = ( ) and B = ( ) be two triangular fuzzy
Definition 2.8 Zero triangular fuzzy number matrices (TFMs) of same order. Then, we have the
following
If = (0,0,0) then is said to be zero triangular fuzzy
number. It is defined by 0. i A+B = ( + )
Definition 2.9 Zero equivalent triangular fuzzy ii A-B = ( )
number iii For A = ( ) and B = ( )
then AB =
( )
where == . , i=1,2,m
A triangular fuzzy number is said to be a zero
and j=1,2,k
equivalent triangular fuzzy number if ( )=0. It is iv
or = ( )
defined by . v = ( ) where K is scalar.
Definition 2.10 Unit triangular fuzzy number Examples

, , , , , , , ,
If = (1,1,1) then is said to be a unit triangular fuzzy (1).If =[ ] and B= [ ]
, , , , , , , ,
number. It is denoted by 1.
Then, A+B=( + )
Definition 2.11 Unit equivalent triangular fuzzy
number , , , , , , , ,
+ =[ ]+[ ]
, , , , , , , ,
A triangular fuzzy number is said to be unit equivalent
triangular fuzzy number. If ( ) = 1. It is denoted by , , , ,
. + =[ ].
, , , ,

Definition 2.12 Inverse of triangular fuzzy number

, , , , , , , ,
If is triangular fuzzy number and then we define. (2).If =[ ] and B= [ ]
, , , , , , , ,

= .
Then, A-B=( )
III. TRIANGULAR FUZZY MATRICES , , , , , , , ,
(TFMs) =[ ]-[ ]
, , , , , , , ,
In this section, we introduced the triangular fuzzy matrix , , , ,
=[ ].
and the operations of the matrices some examples , , , ,
provided using the operations.

Definition 3.1 Triangular fuzzy matrix (TFM ) , , , , , , , ,

(3). If =[ ]and B= [ ]
, , , , , , , ,

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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882
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Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2017

Then, . = A Square triangular fuzzy matrix = is

called Upper JAM equivalent triangular fuzzy matrix. If
, , , , , , , , are
. =[ ].[ ] the entry of principal diagonal
, , , , , , , ,
Definition 4.6 JAM Equivalent Triangular Fuzzy
. =
Matrix
, , + , , , , + , ,
[ ]
, , + , , , , + , , A Square triangular fuzzy matrix = is
called JAM equivalent triangular fuzzy matrix. If it is
, , , ,
. =[ ]. either upper JAM equivalent triangular fuzzy matrix or
, , , ,
lower JAM equivalent triangular fuzzy matrix.

IV. JAM TRIANGUAR FUZZY MATRIX

(JTFM) V. SOME PROPERTIES OF JAM
TRIANGULAR FUZZY MATRICES
In this section, we introduce the new matrix namely
In this section, we introduced the properties of JAM
JAM matrix in the fuzzy nature.
Triangular fuzzy Matrices(JTFMs).
Definition 4.1 Lower JAM Fuzzy Matrix
5.1. Properties of JTFM (JAM Triangular Fuzzy
A Square triangular fuzzy matrix = is called
Matrix)
Lower JAM triangular fuzzy matrix if all the entry of
the first principle diagonal are zero. Property 5.1.1:

i.e. = ; + < , = , ,, The sum of two lower JTFMs of order n is also a

lower JTFM of order n.
Definition 4.2 Upper JAM Fuzzy Matrix
Proof:
A Square triangular fuzzy matrix = is called an
upper JAM triangular fuzzy matrix if all the entry below Let = and = be two lower
the principle diagonal are zero. JTFMs

i.e. = ; > + , = , ,, Since A and B are lower JTFMs then,

Definition 4.3 JAM Triangular Fuzzy Matrix = and = , if + < , for all , = , . .

A Square triangular fuzzy matrix = is Let A+B=C then, ( + = .

called JAM triangular fuzzy matrix (JTFM). If it is either
upper JAM triangular fuzzy matrix and lower JAM Since + < ; , = ,. then,
triangular fuzzy matrix.
= +
Definition 4.4 Lower JAM Equivalent Triangular
Fuzzy Matrix =

A Square triangular fuzzy matrix = is Hence C is also a lower JTFM of order n.

called lower JAM equivalent triangular fuzzy matrix if Property 5.1.2:
all the entry above the diagonal are
The sum of two Upper JTFMs of order n is also
Definition 4.5 Upper JAM Equivalent Triangular an upper JTFM of order n.
Fuzzy Matrix

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International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), ISSN 2278 0882
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Volume 6, Issue 2, February 2017

Let = and = be two upper , = , .. .

JTFMs
Let k be a scalar and = , then = .
Since A and B are upper JTFMs.
Since > + ; , = , . then,
Then, = and = > + ; , = , ,
= ,
Let + = then ( + ) =
= ,
Since > + ; , = , , then,
= .
= +
Hence B is also an upper JTFM.
=
Property 5.1.5:
Hence C is also an upper JTFM of order n.
The Product of two lower JTFM of order n is also a
Property 5.1.3: lower JTFM of order n.

The product of lower JTFM by Constant is also a lower Proof:

JTFM.
Let = and = be two lower
Proof: JTFMs.

Since A is lower JTFM, = , + < ; for all = , + < ; , = ,

, = , ,
Let = =
Let k be a scalar and = , then ( ) = .
Where = = .
Since + < ; , = , .. then,
We will show that = ,for + < ; , = ,
=
For + <
=
We have = for = + , + and
= = for = , . +

Hence B is also a lower JTFM. Therefore = = .

Property 5.1.4:
=[ += . ] + [ =+ . ]= .
The Product of an upper JTFM by a constant is also an
Hence C is also lower JTFM.
upper JTFM.
Property 5.1.6:
Proof:
The Product of two upper JTFMs of order n is also
Let = be an upper JTFM.
an upper JTFM of order n .

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Proof: kind of composition of natural numbers in the domain of

fuzzy environment
Let A= and = be two upper JTFM.
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VI. CONCLUSION
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polynomials, generalized fibonacci numbers, and special

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