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MODULE 1

PSYC 200
Summer 2017

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1. What is the definition of psychology?

2. What is critical thinking?

3.. Wundt developed the first scientific laboratory for the purpose of studying psychology. He
founded the _____________________ approach.

What did this approach focus on?

4. The structuralist used an technique called ____________________________.

Describe the technique.

5. Wat did William James and the Functionalists focus on?

6. What did psychoanalytic theory focus on?

Who was the founder of the psychoanalytic approach?

7. What did behaviorists suggested that the science of psychology should focus on?
_______________________ was the founder of the behavioral approach to psychology.

8. What is the area of focus associated with the work of cognitive psychologists?

9. What is the area of focus associated with the work of biological psychologists?

10. What is the area of focus associated with the work of developmental psychologists?

11. What is the area of focus associated with the work social psychologists?

12. What is the definition of culture?

13. What are the characteristics of an individualistic culture?

14. What are the characteristics of a collectivist culture?

15. ______________________________ have medical degrees and treat psychological


disorders with medication.

16. ______________________________ have Ph.D.s in psychology and treat psychological


disorders by using psychotherapy.
CHAPTER 2: RESEARCH

17. What are the four goals of psychology?

18. What is a hypothesis?

19. What are the five research methods? Briefly describe each.

20. When are researchers most likely to use a case study?

21. In what kinds of situations is the naturalistic observation method used?

22. What are surveys?

23. Correlation coefficients can range from ____________ to _____________.


24. What does a positive correlation indicate?

25. What does a negative correlation indicate?

26. Which of the following correlation coefficients indicates the strongest relationship?

+.76
-.06
-.97
+.88

27. What does the experimental approach allow researchers to do that no other research
method can allow them to do?

28. In an experiment, what is the independent variable?

29. In an experiment, what is the dependent variable?

30. When selecting a sample for a study, it is important that the sample be

__________________________________________________________

31. What is random sampling/random selection?

32. In an experiment, what is the experimental group?

33. In an experiment, what is the control?


34. What is a placebo?

35. What is the placebo effect?

36. What is random assignment?

37. What is a confounding variable?

38. What is the purpose of random assignment?

39. What are the three measures of central tendency? (Define each and indicate how each is
calculated).

40. What is the range of a set of data?

How is it calculated?

41. Given the following set of data, determine the mean, median, mode, and range.

1, 7 8, 5, 4, 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 3, 4, 4, 7, 8