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TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS

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Bowl Style Carburetor Troubleshooting

Hunts and Surges


Will Run only on Prime
Will run only if the choke is used

Determine that the governor


system is functioning properly
using the proper isolation techniques

Troubleshoot
Does the engine still hunt and surge? No
governor system

Yes Done!

Partially engage choke


or gently touch primer bulb No

Inspect, clean or replace


Does the engine improve? Yes Does the engine still hunt and surge?
mainjet and retest

No

Remove and clean


Yes
carburetor, retest engine

Replace
Does the engine still hunt and surge? Yes
Carburetor

No

Flow Chart Key

Done!

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Compression Diagnostics
Troubleshooting Flow Chart

Check for proper top


Low Power no load speed by Is the top no load speed OK? Yes Is there a parasitic load? No
model and type number

Yes Dont Know


Check bowden wire/throttle
Low or High
control for full range travel

No Is it correct? Yes Disengage load by


removing belts, etc.

No Still low power?


Repair as
needed

Repair load issues


as needed

Partially engage choke

Check for intake tract leaks,


gasket leaks, loose/leaking Does speed increase or
Yes Is leakage detected? Yes
carburetor space blocks, engine run more smoothly?
loose/leaking crossover tubes

No No
Repair as
needed

Perform leakdown test

Overhaul carburetor looking


closely for obstructed jets

Reading
Is leakage detected?
acceptable

Adjust
valve lash

Leakage
unacceptable

Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Repair as
needed
Compression Troubleshooting Flow Chart

Check/repair
Engine Smokes What color is the smoke? Black/Gray Excessive Oil Consumption
fuel system

Does oil level drop more


White/Blue Yes Is Engine Smoking? Yes
than one ounce per hour?

Yes Was engine tipped? No No No

Oil use
Check for oil Check for overfilled oil level acceptable
fouled filter element Check for fuel contaminated oil
Check for proper viscosity

Is the filter fouled? No

Leakage Rapair/replace
unacceptable faulty components

Yes

Reading Perform Crankcase


Is leakage detected?
acceptable Vacuum Test
Replace and run
Engine for ten minutes

Perform Leakdown Test Yes Is Vacuum Test OK?


Is it still smoking?

Low
No Yes External oil leaks present? No

Re-check all work

Check breather system


Yes Check crankcase seals
Done! Check block for porosity

No Is vacuum now ok?


Repair as
needed

Done! Yes

Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Fuel System
Troubleshooting Flow Chart

Check for: Clean, fresh fuel supply,


Engine Wont Start/Run shutoff valve open, carb adjustments All ok? No Correct and recheck
properly made, controls functioning

Yes

Check carburetor
mounting gasket
Check spark plug

Check for: Clogged air cleaner,


stale fuel, oil/water in fuel,
No Is the spark plug wet? Yes
misadjusted controls, choke plate
closed, damaged needle valve

Yes Does the engine start/run? No Yes Does the engine start/run?

Check carburetor
Check fuel supply/passages Put fuel in spark plug hole
Put fuel in carburetor Done! No

Yes Does the engine start/run?

No Does it have a Flo-jet Carburetor?

No
Diaphragm Yes
What kind of carburetor?
Carburetor
Recheck other work

Check
Compression Check for: Inlet valve
Flo-jet stuck open, improper
Check for: Gummy/dirty float level, dirt in the
Carburetor inlet screen, valve stuck, carburetor, loose nozzle(s)
bad diaphragm, restricted
passages in tank/carburetor

Check for: Clogged fuel line/filter,


fuel inlet valve closed, improper Done!
float level, carburetor fuel passages
Done!
plugged/restricted, faulty fuel pump

Done! Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Systematic Troubleshooting
Electrical System Flow Chart

Engine Wont Start Check for spark to ground. OK Check spark plug/replace
if necessary. Try to start engine.

None Will engine start? Yes Done!

Check armature air gap. Incorrect No

OK Adjust armature air gap Check/replace flywheel key

Yes Will engine start? Will engine start? Yes Done!

Done! No No

Isolate engine
from equipment

Check fuel system Check compression system

Check for spark to ground. None Check coil to block ground. None

OK OK
Fix

Replace
Coil
Check for Check interlock switching Check grounding wire
misadjusted controls diode (if equipped)

Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Governor Troubleshooting Flow Chart
Air Vane Governor Overspeeding

Done!

Air Vane Governor Overspeeding

No
Check the cooling system

Remove dirt and debris


Is the cooling system ok? No from outside and inside of Still overspeeding?
blower housing, test engine

Yes Done!
Yes

Check flywheel fins No

Replace flywheel if fins are


Are the flywheel fins ok? No Still overspeeding?
missing or broken, test engine

Yes
Yes Done!

Check for uneven or


binding resistance in air vane
No
travel from stop to stop

Indentify resistance
Resistance problem? Yes Still overspeeding?
and repair, test engine

No

Yes

Inspect governor spring and controls


for damage or improper installation

Replace governor spring or


Done!
controls, test engine

Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Governor Troubleshooting Flow Chart
Air Vane Governor Engine Runs Too Slow

Air Vane Governor Engine Runs Too Slow Done!

Move trottle control to idle, check


for binding or uneven resistance in No
air vane travel from stop to stop

Indentify resistance and


Resistance problem? Yes Engine still runs too slow?
repair, re-test engine

No

Yes

Inspect governor spring and controls


for damage or improper installation

Replace governor spring or


Done!
controls, re-test engine

Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Governor Troubleshooting Flow Chart
Hunting and Surging

Adjust carburetor idle speed, idle fuel,


Hunting and Surging Still hunting and surging? No Done!
and top no load fuel, test engine

Yes

Perform static governor adjustment


procedure, test engine

Still hunting and surging? No Done!

Yes Done!

Inspect governor link spring for No


damage or improper installation

Link spring need Repair or replace link spring


Yes Still hunting and surging?
repair or replacement? as needed, test engine

No
Yes Done!

Disconnect governor spring, check


for binding or uneven resistance in
No
governor arm travel from stop to stop

Indentify resistance
Resistance problem? Yes Still hunting and surging?
and repair, test engine

No

Yes

Inspect governor spring and controls


for damage or improper installation

Flow Chart Key


Replace governor spring
Done!
or controls, test engine

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Governor Troubleshooting Flow Chart
Mechanical Governor Engine Runs Too Slow

Mechanical Governor Engine Runs Too Slow

Perform the static governor


adjustment procedure, test engine

Engine still runs too slow? No Done!

Yes

Adjust governor spring


tension, test engine

Engine still runs too slow? No Done!

Yes

Done!

Disconnect governor spring, check for


binding or uneven resistance in
governor arm travel from stop to stop No

Indentify resistance and


Resistance problem? Yes Engine still runs too slow?
repair, test engine

No

Yes

Inspect governor spring and controls


for damage or improper installation

Replace governor spring


Done!
or controls, test engine
Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Governor Troubleshooting Flow Chart
Mechanical Governor Engine Overspeeds

Perform the static governor


Mechanical Governor Engine Overspeeds Still overspeeding? No
adjustment procedure, test engine

Adjust governor spring


Yes Done!
tension, test engine

Still overspeeding? No Done!

Yes

Done!

Disconnect governor spring, check


for binding or uneven resistance in
governor arm travel from stop to stop No

Indentify resistance
Resistance problem? Yes Still overspeeding?
and repair, test engine

No
Done!
Yes

Move throttle plate to the wide


open position and start engine No

Remove crankcase cover or sump


Does engine return to idle? No and inspect or replace internal Still overspeeding?
governor mechanism, test engine

Yes

Yes

Inspect governor spring and controls


for damage or improper installation

Flow Chart Key


Replace governor spring
Done!
or controls, test engine

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Compression System
Troubleshooting Flow Chart
Leakdown Test

Reading
Perform Leakdown Test Is leakdown test ok? Recheck other work
acceptable

Leakage
unacceptable

Where is the air primarily leaking from?

Dipstick Cylinder
Muffler Air Cleaner
Tube Head

Reset exhaust valve Check rings Reset intake valve Check head gasket

Flow Chart Key

Problem Question Answer Action Result


Gaseous Fueled Engine Troubleshooting

Engine does not accelerate Frost forming on the regulator


from low speed to high speed or on the fuel line liquid
or run smoothly when loaded. (not vapor) entering the system.

Wrong type of propane tank Replace the fuel tank or change


Plugged vent ports on the regulator. Remove plastic shipping plugs. set up for liquid withdrawal. to the vapor withdrawal port.

Adjust the output of the primary Fuel tanks have a receptacle for a
Less than 11 inches of water regulator to 11 inches of water pressure. Tank is positioned wrong locator pin that orients the tank for a
pressure at the inlet of the If natural gas supply is lower than 11 inches (typically tanks that lay on their side). specific withdrawal. Pin may be in the wrong
secondary regulator. of water, a different secondary regulator location or missing. Reposition tank.
may be required consult factory.

Fuel tank is overfilled. Fill to labeled tank capacity only.


Adjust the primary regulator to achieve 11
inches of water pressure while under load.
More than 14 inches of water
Note: if pressure at inlet of secondary regulator
pressure at the inlet of the Increase the size of the fuel tank to
increases upon starting the engine, check Fuel tank is too small,
secondary regulator at full load. increase the vaporization rate of
primary regulator for holes or tears in the especially if the ambient is low.
diaphragm or dirt on the inlet seat. the fuel. Consult with local gas supplier.

Plugged fuel filter. Replace fuel filter. Remove restriction or replace


Restriction within the fuel line.
damaged part.

Remove the kink and/or


Kinked or obstructed fuel hose.
replace the hose.

Gas will not stop flowing


No or low fuel in tank. Refuel the tank. after engine is stopped.

Appropriately size the fuel tank Adjust the regulator so that when the
Propane tank is too small. for the engine horsepower and outlet tube is placed in water, a gas
lowest ambient temperature. Regulator is not adjusted properly. bubble just begins to form. Back off
on the adjustment so that the bubble
is maintained but does not grow.

When the fuel solenoid is energized or if the


main mixture adjustment screw is completely Atmospheric side of the secondary Remove plastic shipping plugs or
Fuel transfer solenoid in seated, the engine is configured for propane gas regulator is pressurized. revise the regulator venting.
the wrong position. (too lean of a mixture for natural gas). If the fuel
solenoid is not energized, the engine is configured
for natural gas (too rich mixture with propane).
Clean the system of debris and install
Debris on inlet needle of
a fuel filter. Use liquid pipe
secondary regulator.
sealant do not use Teflon tape.
Carburetor not adjusted Readjust the mixture needles
properly (natural gas only). on the carburetor.

Regulator may only be positioned


Air leak in the fuel line from Tighten the clamps or with the outlet pointing straight up.
Regulator not positioned vertically.
secondary to carburetor. replace the hose. A directional arrow is also shown
on the smooth side of the regulator.

Holes, tears or damaged diaphragm


Replace damaged part.
in secondary regulator.

Gas leak from fuel line.


Clean system of debris and add
Debris on inlet needle
a fuel filter. Use liquid pipe
of regulator.
sealant do not use Teflon tape.

Loose fitting. Tighten fitting replace if damaged.

Damaged, cracked or worn hose. Replace hose.


Engine will not start.

Out of fuel. Refuel the tank.

Gas leak from regulator.


Fuel supply shut off. Open fuel tank.

Check for proper operation of all fuel lock Damaged diaphragm in regulator. Replace damaged part.
Filter or vacuum lock off off (safety) devices. If electrically actuated,
is not opening. check for dead battery or blown fuse. Replace
lock off device if it is not functioning properly

Replace vacuum line or tighten


Vacuum leak in the vacuum Flow Chart Key
clamps. Replace vacuum
lock off device.
lock off if damaged.

Filter is plugged. Replace filter.


Symptom Potential Cause Action
Briggs&Stratton Customer Education
corporation PO BOX 702
Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA
414 259 5333
CE8117-09/08