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2/23/2017

Limits at Infinity and Negative Infinity ‐ Mathonline

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LimitsatInfinityandNegativeInfinity

ThispageisintendedtobeapartoftheRealAnalysissectionofMathOnline.SimilartopicscanalsobefoundintheCalculussectionofthesite.

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LimitsatInfinityandNegativeInfinity

LimitsatInfinityandNegativeInfinity

lim Definition:Let f : A → R beafunction.Wesaythatthelimitof at is written f ∞ L f(x)
lim
Definition:Let
f : A → R
beafunction.Wesaythatthelimitof at is written
f
L
f(x) = L
if
∀ϵ > 0 ∃M > 0
x→∞
suchthatif
and
x > M
∣ f(x) − L ∣< ϵ
lim
then
.Similarly,wesaythatthelimitof at
f
−∞
is
L written
f(x) = L
x ∈ A
x ∈ A
x→∞
if
∀ϵ > 0 ∃M < 0
suchthatif
and
x < M
then
∣ f(x) − L ∣< ϵ
.

Thefollowingdiagramillustratestheconceptofalimitatpositiveinfinity.Givenany

x > M

(

x A

L

)arewithin from .

ϵ

ϵ > 0

,wecanfindarealnumber

M > 0

suchthatallvaluesof

> 0 ,wecanfindarealnumber M > 0 suchthatallvaluesof Similarly,given ϵ > 0 ,wecanfindarealnumber M

Similarly,given

ϵ > 0

,wecanfindarealnumber

M < 0

suchthatallvaluesof

x < M

(

x A

L

)arewithin from asillustratedinthefollowing

ϵ

diagram:

from asillustratedinthefollowing ϵ diagram: Poweredby Wikidot.com Help | TermsofService | Privacy

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