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Security Driver

Magazine
The Magazine for the Security Professional

March 2013 | Issue 1

>> Security Driving and


Electronic Stability

>> In the Blink of an Eye

>> Line of Sight and


Security Driving

>> Armor for Small Cars

1 Security Driver Magazine 2013. Designed by Lawrence Snow


The Security Driver Magazine is
not new; it is a modern version
of the Security Driver Newsletter Table of
that has been around for thirty
years. Using new technology we Contents
can offer more information in a
timely fashion in various formats.
This issue is a Beta release of that new technol-
ogy.

The magazine will cover: Security Driving and


Security Driving, Electronic Stability
Training,
Executive and armored vehicles, Control
Surveillance Detection, Cars are becoming safer and a big reason for
Industry news, that is Electronic Stability Control, this article ex-
Case studies of vehicle attacks plains the effect of ESC on Security Driving.

Basically anything that can help the reader get In the Blink of an Eye
their principal from point A to point B safely and In a Vehicle Attack recognition time is everything.
securely. In this article Tony Scotti explains the importance
of timing.
Security Driver Magazine reaches approximately
3,500 readers, from 20 countries, not high num-
bers, but its who reads it vs. how many read it. Line of Sight and
The readers represent over 300 corporations.
Security Driving
We are open, in fact welcome, others to write ar- Line of Sight and Security Driving is one of those
ticles. The article needs to be relevant to Security articles that apply to anyone who is sitting behind
Driving. If an article is submitted we reserve the the steering wheel, but more importantly, for se-
right to edit the article; and if edited, will return curity drivers to understand this phenomenon.
the article to the writer for approval before we
publish it.
Armor for Small Cars
While we work out the complexities of creating At one time armoring small light weight cars was
an online magazine we will use articles that have unheard of, now it is commonplace, this article
appeared on SecurityDriver.Com. discusses the challenges of small cars and ar-
mor.
Please let us know what you think and any im-
provements we can make to the magazine.

Thanks,

Tony Scotti

2 Security Driver Magazine 2013. Designed by Lawrence Snow


Security Driving and
Electronic Stability
Control
A s of this year all vehicles must have Electron-
ic Stability Control (ESC). ESC is a computer
that takes over control of the vehicle when the
Limitations
Of course, there are limits to the effectiveness of
stability control. For example if your vehicle be-
vehicles path is not what the driver intended it comes stuck in deep snow, automakers generally
to be. For those of us who have lost control of a advise that you turn off stability control.
car, we know that its that first twitch of the car
that tells us that we are about to have an exciting Also it makes it a bit more difficult to do J Turns.
experience. That twitch is information the car is Also computers cannot overcome stupidity. ESC
sending us. For some, interpreting this informa- cannot compensate if the driver is driving far be-
tion is second nature, and for others its like trying yond road and vehicle conditions. In other words,
to understand Swahili. That sinking feeling we its not a license to drive like an idiot.
get in our stomach is the car telling us that its not
going where we want it to go, but it is going in a It Saves Lives
path that it wants to go. The value of ESC is that Its no exaggeration to say that stability control
it interprets the information, in most cases, before is the biggest automotive safety advancement
the average driver or even the above average since ABS and airbags. Researchers have found
driver can sense the problem. Once the ESC that ESC reduces the risk of fatal multiple-vehicle
computer reads the information it starts to set the crashes by 32 percent. The new research con-
car on the correct path before we can figure out firms that ESC reduces the risk of all single-vehi-
whats going on. cle crashes by more than 40 percentfatal ones
by 56 percent. The researchers estimate that if
How It Works all vehicles were equipped with ESC, as many as
Electronic Stability Control uses the existing Anti- 10,000 fatal crashes could be avoided each year.
lock Braking System (ABS) and Traction Control
computers, plus additional sensors to monitor A video about ESC
what the car is doing after you tell it what to do.
By measuring throttle position, steering wheel http://www.iihs.org/ratings/esc/esc.aspx
angle and lateral acceleration (the force pushing
on the side of the vehicle at the center of gravity),
the computer compares the intended path of the
vehicle to the path the car is actually taking. If its
not doing what you wanted it to do, or if what you
are doing is contrary to good sense and the laws
of physics, the ESC computer takes over. When
ESC decides to handle the driving chores it ap-
plies one of the front brakes, or in some systems
one of the front and/or rear brakes, to straighten
the car and put it back on the path you wanted it
to go.

3 Security Driver Magazine 2013. Designed by Lawrence Snow


In the Blink of an Eye
S ecurity Driving is a decision making process
that requires the driver to manage time and
distance, and anything that slows that process Distance Travelled
down can and often does become an emergency. MPH In The Blink of an Eye
Whether driving the boss to work, in a low risk 20 5.88 Ft
environment or driving an armored vehicle in a 25 7.35 Ft
high risk environment, understanding the basic 30 8.82 Ft
principles of managing time and distance is life
35 10.29 Ft
saving knowledge.
40 11.76 Ft
Our frame of reference for measuring time and 45 13.23 Ft
distance is the speedometer which supplies in- 50 14.7 Ft
formation in units of miles and hours - MPH.The
55 16.17 Ft
driver does not have an hour or a mile to make
life saving decisions; in a vehicle emergency 60 17.64 Ft
Miles Per Hour is an irrelevant unit of measure- 65 19.11 Ft
ment. 70 20.58 Ft

An Explanation As mentioned above any delay in the decision


making process adds exponentially to level of
To make sense of a vehicle emergency the se- difficulty needed to survive the event, in actuality
curity driver needs to convert MPH to Feet Per. not delays of a seconds but delays measured in
Second (FPS). Travelling at 40 MPH the driver is tenths of seconds. As an example; at 30 mph, in
moving at the rate of 58.8 Feet PerSecond (FPS). .2 seconds, the driver travels 8.8 feet, at 60 MPH
Converting MPH to FPS requires some elementa- in .2 seconds the driver would travel 17.6 feet.
ry grade arithmetic; you need to multiply the MPH
number by 1.47. Driving at 30 MPH the vehicle is Why two tenths of a second? Because that is
moving through space at 44.1 Feet/Second,( 30 how much time it takes to blink your eyes. When
MPH times 1.47) at 60 MPH the vehicle is moving you are driving 60 mph, literally in a blink of an
88.2 Feet/Second ( 60 MPH times 1.47). eye, you move 17.6 feet. Any training that can
speed up the decision making process - by as
Distance little as a blink of an eye dramatically increase the
At 20 mph the driver is traveling at 29.4 ft/sec chances of surviving the emergency.
At 30 mph the driver is traveling at 44.1 ft/sec
At 40 mph the driver is traveling at 58.8 ft/sec
At 50 mph the driver is traveling at 78.5 ft/sec
At 60 mph the driver is traveling at 88.2 ft/sec

4 Security Driver Magazine 2013. Designed by Lawrence Snow


Line of Sight and
Security Driving
nize a problem part of the DSD.

The questions then becomes How much dis-


tance do you use up before you get to the ma-
neuver safely and efficiently part of the process.
A good rule of thumb is that for every 10 MPH a
driver needs 40 Feet of sight distance.If you are
moving at a highway speed of 60MPHyou would
need 240 Feet (40X6) of sight distance at 75
MPH you would need 300 Feet. Hence if you are
driving on a highway and for whatever reason,
usually a hill, or a series of bends in the road,

W e have all had the experience of driving on and there is not 240 to 300 feet of sight distance,
a major highway and running into stop and drivers will slow down. If the volume of traffic is
go traffic, the first thought you have is that there sufficient it will cause an accordion affect.Please
must be an accident just over the hill or around keep in mind that these distances are for the
the bend. But when you get to the top of the hill average driver.
or around the bend the traffic starts to flow and
there is no accident what caused the slowdown. Sight distance plays an important role in supply-
Two things traffic volume and line of sight. ing safe and secure transportation. It is a major
factor in determining if the event you drive into is
Line of Sight or Sight Distance is defined as winnable. During your Route Survey know how
the length of road surface a driver can see and far you can see. Never Drive Faster Than You
have an acceptable reaction time. The people Can See; which means never drive at a speed
that are responsible for designing our highways, that will not give you the time to react at the given
the American Association of State Highway and sight distance.
Transportation Officials (AASHTO), have guide-
lines concerning line of sight, and from those As you are conducting a Route Survey, the ques-
guidelines developed the all-important Decision tion you need to ask yourself is: At the speed
Sight Distance (DSD). I am moving with the given sight distance how
much time do I have, and in that time frame what
AASHTO defines DSD as the distance needed can I do with the vehicle? It makes no difference
to recognize a problem and complete a maneu- what training you received and where you re-
ver safely and efficiently. And according to the ceived it or what type of vehicle you are driving.
scientists who have done an enormous amount No matter what the scenario, accident or vehicle
of research on driver reaction time the average violence, if you dont have enough sight distance
driver needs 2.5 seconds to complete the recog- at the speed you are moving it is a no win sce-
nario.
5 Security Driver Magazine 2013. Designed by Lawrence Snow
Armor for Small Cars
For many reasons the necessity of armoring Some issues you may want to address
small vehicles, small defined as light weight, is
now a reality. The question has been asked; is
with the armored car manufacturer
there one light weight vehicles that is more suit- If the combined weight of armor and passen-
able for armoring than another? When armoring gers exceeds the vehicles payload ask the
a small vehicle there are many factors that come supplier what steps are taken to mitigate the
into play, but a major issue when armoring any problem.
vehicle, lightweight or not, is how much additional Once a vehicle is armored the tire load rat-
weight can the vehicle absorb before it degrades ings, printed on the side of the tire, are usually
the performance? Armoring a lightweight vehicle not adequate, ensure that the tires have been
that concern is amplified. changed to handle the additional weight.
To answer the question a good place to start is
Installing stiffer shocks and springs to compen-
the vehicles payload numbers.
sate for the additional weight makes for a harsh
The vehicles payload is the combined, maximum ride. A harsh riding vehicle moving on pot holed
allowable weight of cargo, occupants and option- and rough pavements makes for a very rough
al equipment that the vehicle is designed to carry. ride. Enlighten the end user to this change in
the vehicles characteristics
The payload numbers for a typical small vehicle
a Ford Fusion. Ask if the glass has been tested for visual acu-
ity. A simple acuity test is to sit in the drivers
The Ford Fusion is designed to carry no more seat and put your hand on the outside of the
than 385 Kilos or 849 Pounds. windshield and look for distortion, especially
at the corners. You can also use a pad of lined
If the vehicle normally carries two passengers paper instead of your hand.
each weighing 90 Kilos or 200 pounds, there
would be 295 Kilos (385 90), and if measuring Is there overlapping armor at the seams formed
in Pounds there would be 649 Pounds (849 by the vehicles pillars (support columns from
200) available for armor. the roof to the body), the roof rails and wind-
shields headers along with any other armor to
Hence for a Ford Fusion, if the armor weighs armor seam on lateral and horizontal panels?
more than 295 Kilos or 649 Pounds, there will be These seams must be overlapped by a mini-
degradation in the vehicles performance, and a mum of 1 inch of additional armor to withstand
decrease in the vehicles life cycle. the energy. This is an absolute must.

6 Security Driver Magazine 2013. Designed by Lawrence Snow


Editorial
By Tony Scotti

T here seems to be endless discussions concerning standards and training in the EP business. It
is my opinion that all practitioners want standards but they want standards that match the train-
ing they have received. If they went to xyz EP school they want the standards to be what that school
taught. Also keep in mind that it is the job market that determines the skills and experience needed for
employment not the training provider.

Although there is no federal license for the EP industry there is a government agency, the IRS, which
has standards that a large and important segment of the job market must follow. Also that same mar-
ket segment must also follow the procedures as outlined in their Kidnap &Ransom (K&R) policy.

When Joe Autera of TSVDI and I speak at a conference and we bring the IRS and K&R scenario up
I am surprised (shocked) at how few know it exists. Most corporate practitioners are well versed on
K&R, but not the IRS regulations. When a client asks for an explanation of the IRS rules we guide
them where to look and give them all the information we have, but let them know we are not accoun-
tants or tax attorneys. In fact just recently VDI did exactly that, except the company was not a client.
Joe Autera mentioned the IRS regulations to a Director of Security and sent the information, a short
while later Joe receives a phone call from the security director thanking VDI for making her look good,
and mentioning that VDI has a client for life her words not VDIs. The only reason I mention that
experience is that you can do the same, either for an existing client or a potential client.

And then there is the ex-student who paid thousands of dollars to go that xyz EP school mentioned
above that has no knowledge of the IRS regulations or the concept of K&R Insurance. I have to ask
didnt that EP school you went talk about this? For the educated consumer of Protective Services the
IRS regulations are one of the most important issues involving employment, training providers should
at least make the student aware of them.

I suggest those xyz graduates that would like to learn more about the IRS do the research them-
selves and develop one of the most important skills in this business or in fact any business the skill
of research. This is an article by Larry Snow on internet research and how to do it. It wont talk about
guns diamond formation, watches, combative techniques, but it could be the single most important
skill you can learn.

Stay Connected

Email: tonyscotti@securitydriver.com

7 Security Driver Magazine 2013. Designed by Lawrence Snow