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MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation

Moscow office

MSC/PATRAN
MSC/NASTRAN
MSC/LAMINATE MODELER


,1998
MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER


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.

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/. - MSC/PATRAN
,
Halpin-Tsai, ,
.
( )
, , .
- ,
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.
, ,
.
,
Halpin-Tsai - MSC/PATRAN
, ,
Laminate Modeler.
,
- .

.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 1


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

( , ) .
,
.

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. ,
.
, , .
- .
,
.

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.

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Laminate Modeler ,
.
.
,
- MSC/NASTRAN,
,
.
,
Halpin-Tsai - MSC/PATRAN.

2 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER



UNIGRAPHICS
MSC/MVISION
CATIA MSC/PATRAN
EUCLID

CADDSS MSC/PATRAN


ProEnginear
AutoCAD
SolidWorks

MSC/NASTRAN ,
..
MSC/ADVANCED FEA
MSC/DYTRAN

(
Halpin- Tsai)


MSC/NASTRAN
MSC/ADVANCED FEA
MSC/DYTRAN

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 3


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER


Laminate Modeler

UNIGRAPHICS

MSC/MVISION
CATIA
EUCLID MSC/PATRAN

CADDSS
ProEnginear MSC/PATRAN
AutoCAD
SolidWorks
,
..


MSC/NASTRAN
(
MSC/ADVANCED FEA Halpin-Tsai)
MSC/DYTRAN


LM_
(
- , )

LM_,




LM_

MSC/NASTRAN Laminate Modeler


MSC/ADVANCED FEA
MSC/DYTRAN

4 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

MSC/NASTRAN
.
, ,
.
. Classical Lamination Theory (CLT)
, -
.
Y
Z


7 45
6 0
5 90
4 0
3 -45
2
1
X

Classical Lamination Theory (CLT)


:
1. , ..:
=
0
i i
+ zk i i = 11, 22, 33,

i - , i0 - , ki - , z -
;
2.
:
33 = 23 = 13 = 0

:
{ } = [Q ]{ } ,

1 Q11 Q12 0 1

2 = Q12 Q22 0 2 ,

0

0 Q33

12 12
E11
Q11 =
(1 v12 v21 )
E 22
Q22 =
(1 v12 v21 )

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 5


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

v21E11 v12 E 22
Q12 = =
(1 v12 v21 ) (1 v12 v21 )
Q33 = G12
[Q ] () :
[Q ] = [T ] [Q ][T ] ,
T

cos 2 sin 2 2 cos sin



[T ] = sin 2 cos 2 2 cos sin ,
cos sin cos sin cos 2 sin 2

[T] - -
.
:
{ } = [Q ] {
k k
0
} + z[Q ] {k }
k

:
{N } = { }dz {M } = { }zdz , :
{ }dz + [Q ] z{k }dz
{N } = [Q ] k 0
k

{M } = [Q ] z { }dz + [Q ] z {k }dz
k
0
k
2

{ } {k}
0

z, [Q ] - , :

{N } = { } [Q ] ( h
n n
{k } [Q ] ( hk2 hk2 1 )
1
hk 1 ) +
0
k
k =1 k 2 k =1 k

{ }
n n
{M } = [Q ] ( hk hk 1 ) + {k } [Q ] ( hk3 hk3 1 )
1 0 2 2 1
2 k =1 k 3 k =1 k
hk k- . : [A] -
, [D] - , [B] - -
, :
n
[ A ] = [Q ] ( hk hk 1 )
k =1 k

1 n
[D ] = [Q ] ( hk3 hk3 1 )
3 k =1 k
n
[ B ] = [Q ]
1
( hk2 hk2 1 )
2 k =1 k
, MSC/PATRAN
. MCS/PATRAN .
,
[D] [B]:
[D] = [D] +2d[B] + d2[A]

[B] = [B] + d[A],

6 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

d - , :
d = + ( ) / 2
, 0.02 ,
0.03, d = 0. ,
,
-0.04, d = 0.01 :
[D] = [D] - 0.02 [B] + 0.0001[A]
[B] = [B] - 0.01[A].
MCS/PATRAN ,
. :
n
{N } t = [Q ] { }
k k
dz = [Q ] { }
k =1
k k
( hk hk 1 )

= [Q ] k { } zdz = [Q ] k { }
1 n
{M }t ( hk2 hk2 1 )
k 2 k =1 k

{ }
- k- .
k
MSC/NASTRAN
,
,
( ).
(
Laminate Modeler)
, :

PCOMP PID ZO NSM SB FT TREF GE LAM


MID1 T1 THETA1 SOUT1 MID2 T2 THETA2 SOUT2
MID3 T3 THETA3 SOUT3 ..

PID
ZO
NSM
SB
FT (, , -, )
TREF ( )
GE
LAM
MIDi i-
Ti i-
THETAi i-
SOUTi

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 7


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

MSC/PATRAN
MSC/PATRAN Materials (Laminate Composite).
(, ,
), Property
.
MSC/PATRAN ( Halpin-Tsai Gauss)
, .
MSC/PATRAN.

Laminate Composite Materials


Materials (Laminate Composite).
,
, .
.
.
.
. Total - ,
.
, . , (30, 60, 60, 30)
, Symmetric, 30, 60.
(30, 60, -60, -30) , Anti-
Symmetric, 30, 60.
, .
, (45, 90, 45) , Symmetric / Mid-Ply,
45 90. (45, 90, -
45) , Anti-Symmetric / Mid-Ply, 45 90.
:


( Total, , -
-
)

8 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

,

(

)

, ,

-

Text Entry Mode Insert,


Material Names ,
Load Text Into Spreadsheet. Thicknesses
Thicknesses For All Layers , Enter.
Orientations,
Load Text Into Spreadsheet.
, .
Overwrite.
MCS/NASTRAN (.bdf)
:
PCOMP 1 0. 0. + A
+ A 1 .02 0. YES 2 .02 90. YES + B
+ B 1 .02 45. YES 1 .02 -45. YES + C
+ C 2 .02 -90. YES 1 .02 0. YES

Halpin-Tsai Composite Materials


Halpin-Tsai
, ().
, , . MSC/PATRAN
Halpin-Tsai: , , ,
. :
PC = (Pff + Pmm)
Halpin-Tsai :

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 9


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

(1 + v f ) (P f Pm )
P = Pm , =
(1 v f ) (P f + Pm )
P - ( ,
), - , - -
.

Uniform Continuous Fiber (


)
: () ,
, .
.

L
EL LT .
= 1.0. Halpin-Tsai
ET, GLT, GTT ET, :
(1 + v f ) (E Tf E Tm )
E T = E Tm , =
(1 v f ) (E Tf + E T m )
ETm , Etf
. ET, GLT, GTT
:
E = 2 + 40v10f
T

G = 1 + 40v10f
LT

1
G = ,
TT (4 3vm )
m-
40f10, .

:
ET
vTT = 1.
2GT T
MSC/PATRAN Halpin-Tsai
GTT, GTT
. vTT :
v = 2 + 40v10f , :
TT

10 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

ET
GTT =
2(1 + vTT )
MSC/PATRAN ,
, ,

.
Halpin-Tsai Continuous Fiber :

(Matrix)
(Fiber),

Existing Materials,
Materials.

, -
.



(Fiber Volume Fraction)
(Matrix Volume Fraction).

1.

Halpin-Tsai
.



GTT (New Theory) TT
(Old Theory).

Empirical Factors

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 11


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Uniform Discontinuous Fiber (


)
, , ,
.
.
LT .
= 1.0. Halpin-Tsai EL,
ET, GLT, GTT EL, :
(1 + v f ) (E Lf E Lm )
E L = E Lm , =
(1 v f ) (E L f + E Lm )
ELm - , ELt -
. EL, ET,
GLT, GTT :
1
E = 2 + 40v10f
L d
E = 2 + 40v10f
T

G = 1 + 40v10f
LT

1
G = ,
TT (4 3vm )
1
- .
d
:
ET
vTT = 1.
2GT T
MSC/PATRAN ,
, ,

.

12 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Halpin-Tsai Discontinuous Fiber :

(Matrix)
(Fiber),

Existing Materials,
Materials.

, -
.


(Fiber
Volume Fraction) (Matrix
Volume Fraction).
1.

Empirical Factors

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 13


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Uniform Continuous Ribbon (


)
,
, , .
E1 12.
= 1.0. Halpin-Tsai E2,
E3, G12, G23 E2, :
(1 + v f ) (E 2 f E 2 m )
E 2 = E 2m , =
(1 v f ) (E 2 f + E 2 m )
E2m , E2f
. E2, E3, G12, G23
:
W
E = 2 + 40v10f
2 t
E = 2 + 40v10f
3

1, 73
W
G = + 40v10f
12 t
G = 2 + 40v10f ,
23

W
- .
t
:
1
v23 = ,
vf (1 v f )
+
v23 f vm
23f - , 23m -
. MSC/PATRAN G13, 13
:
G13 = G12
13 = 12
E
v31 = v13 3 .
E1
MSC/PATRAN ,
, ,

.

14 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Halpin-Tsai Continuous Ribbon :

(Matrix)
(Fiber),

Existing Materials,
Materials.

, - 2D
.



(Fiber Volume Fraction)
(Matrix Volume Fraction).

1.

Empirical Factors

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 15


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Uniform Discontinuous Ribbon (


)
,
, , .
12.
= 1.0. Halpin-Tsai E1,
E2, E3, G12, G23 E2, :
(1 + v f ) (E 2 f E 2 m )
E 2 = E 2m , =
(1 v f ) (E 2 f + E 2 m )
E2m , E2f
. E2, E3, G12, G23
:
1
E = 2 + 40v10f
1 t
W
E = 2 + 40v10f
2 t
E = 2 + 40v10f
3

1 + W
1, 73

G = + 40v10f
12 2t
G = 2 + 40v10f ,
23

1 W
- , -
t t
. :
1
v23 = ,
vf (1 v f )
+
v23 f vm
23f - , 23m -
. MSC/PATRAN G13, 13
:
G13 = G12
13 = 12
E3
v31 = v13 .
E1
MSC/PATRAN ,
, ,

.

16 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Halpin-Tsai Discontinuous Ribbon :

(Matrix)
(Fiber),

Existing Materials,
Materials.

, - 2D
.



(Fiber Volume Fraction)
(Matrix Volume Fraction).
1.

Empirical Factors

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 17


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Particulate Composite (
)

. .
Halpin-Tsai,
:
(1 + v f ) (E f E m )
E = Em , =
(1 v f ) (E f + E m )
Em , Ef .
E G :
E = 2 + 40v10f
G = 2 + 40v10f

.

MSC/PATRAN ,
, ,

.

18 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Halpin-Tsai Particulate Composite :

(Matrix)
(Fiber),

Existing Materials,
Materials.

, - 2D
.



(Fiber Volume Fraction)
(Matrix Volume Fraction).

1.

Empirical Factors

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 19


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

.

:

(1 v jk vkj )
C ii = Ei , ijk = 123,231,312
D
(v ji + v jk vkj )
C ij = Ei , ijk = 123,132,231
D
C ( i + 3)( i + 3) = Gij ij = 12,23,31,
D = 1 v12 v21 v13 v31 v23 v32 2v12 v23 v31

, .. ,
.
.

Halpin-Tsai
.
:
{ } { } + [[S ] ([S ] [S ])] { }
1 T
= DIF C
C DIF
:
{ } { } + [[S ] ([S ] [S ])] { }
1 T

C
= DIF C
,
DIF

{ } = v { } + v { }
f
f
m
m

{ } = v { } + v { }
f
f
m
m

[ S ] = v [S ]f f + vm [S ] m

{ } DIF
{ } { }
=
f m

{ } DIF
= { } { }
f m

[S ] = [S ] f
+ [S ] m
[S]C - .


(Short Fiber)

,
( ).
:
1 av
F ( ) =
1
exp
2 2

20 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

av - ,
- .

:
2
2

av
F ( , ) =
1 1 av av
exp 2 +
2(1 )

av

2 1 2
2

av, av - ,
, -
e3


e2

e1


MSC/PATRAN. e1-e2 , -
- .
-
,
Halpin Tsai Halpin Tsai .
Halpin Tsai
( , ),
,
.
1000, .
, ,
.

,
.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 21


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

( ) ( )

av

( ) ( )

av

22 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Laminate Modeler

(
, )
. Laminate
Modeler (LM)

,

.




.

LM :

MSC/PATRAN;
Laminate Modeler
LM_ ( ,
, );
LM_ ( LM_,
,
);

LM_;



,

MSC/PATRAN;
,
;



;



;
,

, .
.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 23


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Laminate Modeler
- ,
Tools / LAMINATE MODELER :

Laminate Modeler

Laminate Modeler

Laminate Modeler

Laminate Modeler

24 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Laminate Modeler (LM_Material)


Laminate Modeler
.
Laminate Modeler :
Painted ( )
,
( , );
Projected ()
2D/3D ,

;
Scissor Draped ()
2D/3D , Scissor
Draped ;
Slide Drahed ( )
2D/3D , Slide Draped
.
,
( ) ,
. .
,
.

Scissor Draping mechanism

Slide Draping mechanism

Laminate Modeler
: scissor draping (: , ) slide draping
draping (: , , ).

. , .

().

,

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 25


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

.
() .
.
.
(LM_Material) :

:
Painted ( )
,
Projected () 2D/3D

Scissor Draped () 2D/3D

Slide Drahed ( ) 2D/3D

LM

SC_Mat_1


.
,
LM_


:
(
)
(
)
( ,
X ,
)

26 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

LM_, ,
.

Laminate Modeler (LM_Ply)


LM_Ply LM_, ,
.
, ,
.

LM_Ply LM_Ply



. LM
: , , .

.

.

.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 27


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

:
.
-


( )


(
)


.
,
( ),

28 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

.
,
,
.

,
(
)
. :
, ,
,
.

(Step Length)
,
. .
Additional Control / Geometry Form

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 29


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

:
Painted ( )
,
Projected () 2D/3D

Scissor Draped () 2D/3D

Slide Drahed ( ) 2D/3D

LM_

LM_
SC_Ply_1

LM_.
,
LM_

,
LM_


( )

30 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

, (Application
Direction)
.
(Application Direction)
,


(Application
Direction)

(top)
(top)

Application
Direction

LM_Ply ()

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 31


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER


, (

)

Implicit -

Explicit -

32 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

,
,
LM_.
,


(Warp) (Weft)

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 33


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

(LM_Layup)
, LM_
(). ,
.
, .
,
, .

(LM_Layup)

Samcef BACON ,

Layup Defenition.
, , .
(Multiplier), Compressed,
Expand. Expand

34 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

: :

, ,

,

( ,

,

,

:
Add -

Replace

Insert

Delete

, Report

LM_
Clear All

Expand

(

n )

LM_Layup
Control, Add - , Replace , Insert , Delete
.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 35


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

Offset Controls

(Middle, Bottom, Top)


(Application Direction)

MIDDLE

BOTTOM

TOP

36 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

( )
Tolerance Controls

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 37


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

LM ,
, .
Show. LM , :
, ,
, , ,
,
, , , .. .


LM (Ply-book)
.

IGES, DFX, PostScript.
.
Set.

38 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER



, ,
, , Laminate Modeler. Create /
LM_Results / LM_Ply_Sort ,
(LM_Ply), :


Ply 1 Ply 2 Ply 3

, ,
Laminate Modeler

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 39


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER


, ,
LM_modeler.

,
,
.

Loadcase

Subcase

40 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER



,
,
. ,
,
. MSC/PATRAN Laminate Modeler
, .
()
.
()
.
,
.
, X ( ), Z
. :
[x, y, z, xy, yz, xz]

[x, y, z, xy, yz, xz]



, . ,
, ,
.
:
TX 0 < TX
X

CX 0 < CX
X

TY 0 < TY
Y

CY 0 < CY
Y

SXY 0 < SXY


XY

SYZ 0 < SYZ


YZ
SXZ 0 < SXZ
XZ
- (Tsai-Wu)
XY.
IXY -1 < IXY < 1
X Z

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 41


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

X Z
, , ,
.
FI =1
(SR),
(MoS),
, MoS = SR 1.

(Maximum)

. :
FI = max (x / TX, -x / CX, y / TY, y / CY, xy / SXY, yz / SYZ, xz / SXZ)

SR = 1 / FI

(Hill)
:
FI = FXX x2 + FYY y2 + 2 FXY x y + FSS xy2 ,

FXX = 1 / (TX TX) x >= 0

1 / (CX CX) x < 0

FYY 1 / (TY TY) y >= 0

1 / (CY CY) y < 0

FXY -1 / (2 TX TX) x y >= 0

-1 / (2 CX CX) x y < 0

FSS 1 / (SXY SXY)


, :
SR = 1 / FI

- (Tsai-Wu)
,
:
Fi i + Fij i j = 1 i, j = 1 6
Fi Fij .
:
FI = FX x + FY y + FXX x2 + FYY y2 + 2 FXY x y + FSS xy2 ,

42 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

FX = 1 / TX - 1 / CT

FY = 1 / TY 1 / CY

FXX = 1 / (TX CX)

FYY = 1 / (TY CY)

FXY = IXY FXX FYY = IXY / TX CX TY CY

FSS = 1 / (SXY SXY)


SR = 1 / FI. :
a SR2 + b SR 1 = 0,

a = FXX x2 + FYY y2 + 2 FXY x y + FSS xy2 ,

b = FX x + FY y

SR = [- b + b 2 4a ] / 2a
LM - (Tsai-Wu)
XZ YZ ( )
, (XZ YZ),
():
FI = max (abs(yz) / SYZ, abs(xz) / SXZ),

SR = 1 / FI

.


-
FXY:
(Hoffman)
FXY = - 1 / (2 TX CX)
(Hankinson)
FXY = 0.5 / (1 / (TX CX) + 1 / (TY CY) 1 / SXY2)
(Cowin)

FXY = 1 / TX CX TY CY - 0.5 / SXY2

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A. 43


MSC/NASTRAN, MSC/PATRAN, MSC/LAMINATE MODELER

,
:

Loadcase

Subcase

44 MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6


Laminate Modeler


.
.
.
: LAMINATE MODELER,
LM_, LM_ ,
, .


,
.

,
1
2 3
1 0,01 0
2 0,01 45
1 3 0,02 -45
4 0,01 45
1 0,01 45
2 0,01 -45
3 0,01 0
Y 2 4 0,01 -45
Z
5 0,01 45
1 0,01 0
2 0,01 -45
3 0,02 45
3 4 0,01 -45
5 0,01 0
X

:
11 = 1,13 +10
22 = 9,0 +9
11 = 9,0 +9
12 = 0.3
23 = 0.3
31 = 0.3
G12 = 5.1 E +9
G23 = 5.1 E +9
G31 = 5.1 E +9
=1000/3

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


45
Laminate Modeler


MSC/PATRAN.
File / New / New Database Name Lam_prim1 /
OK
New Model Preferences, / Tolerance : Based on
Model / Approximate Maximum Model Dimension : 10 / Analysis Code : MSC/NASTRAN / OK

(0 0 0), (0 0.5 0), (1 0 0) (1 0.5 0):


Geometry / Create / Surface / XYZ / Vector Coordinate List: < 1 0.5 0 > / Origin
Coordinates List: [0 0 0] / Apply.

:
Finite Elements / Create / Mesh / Surface / IsoMesh / Global Edge
Length : 0.05 / Surface List = : Surface 1 / Apply.

3D
demo_fiber_3dortho_Si
:
) Utilites / Materials / Materials
Session File Library.
demo_fiber_3dortho_Si / Apply / Cancel.
) Materials / Create / 3D
Orthotropic / Manual Input / Material Name :
demo_fiber_3dortho_Si / Input
Property / ,
/ Apply / Cancel.

Laminate Modeler
Laminate Modeler:
Tools / LAMINATE MODELER
LAMINATE MODELER
Lam_prim.Layup, New Layup file.

LM_:
Create / LM_Material / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Analysis Material
: demo_fiber_3dortho_Si / Thickness: 0.001 / Apply.

46
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler

:
Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Select Area:
/ Select Material: / Start Point:
/ Application Direction: <0. 0. 1.> / Reference Direction: Coord 0.1 /
Reference Angel: : / Apply.
, .

Select Area LM-Ply Name Start Point Reference Angel

SC_Mat_0 0

1 SC_Mat_1 Node 1 45

SC_Mat_2 -45

SC_Mat_3 0

2 SC_Mat_4 Node 6 45

SC_Mat_5 -45

SC_Mat_6 45

3 SC_Mat_7 Node 43 -45

SC_Mat_8 0

1 6 43

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


47
Laminate Modeler

:
Create / LM_Layup / Add / Layup Definition ,
. ,
( , ).
/ OK.

Select Element Type / : 2D_Stan_Lam_Plate (CQUAD4 / PCOMP) / OK


Offset Controls / One Offset Region / Offset Flag: Top / Offset Value:
0.01 / Select Area / Point Defining Vieu: Node 1 / OK.
Apply.

, LM . Yes.

48
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler

:
Show /
Laminate
:


Show / LM_Layup .
, Select All / Offset Dict
Multiplier: 0.1 / Apply.
Reset Graphic

, Laminate Modeler
.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


49
Laminate Modeler

:
Loads/BCs / Create / Displacement / Nodal / New Set Name: Displacement_1 / Input
Data / Translations <T1 T2 T3> : <0,0,0> / OK / Select Application Region /
FEM / Select Nodes : Node / Add / OK / Apply.

Loads/BCs / Create / Pressure / Elemental Uniform / New Set Name : pressure /


Input Data / Top Surf Pressure: 1000 / OK / Select Application Region /
/ Add / OK / Apply.

(.bdf) :
Analysis / Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run / Subcase Create / Subcase
Name : Sub1 / Output Requests/ Form Type: Advanced
Output Requests : STRESS(SORT1,REAL) / Composite Plate Opt: Ply & Elem. Stress,
Modify / OK / Apply / Cancel / Subcase select / 101 LINEAR STATIC /
Subcase Available Sub1, ,
subcase Default /OK / Apply.

50
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler


Analysis / Read Output2 / ResultEntires / Translete / Select Result File /
(Lam_prim1.op) / OK / Apply.

Layup ,
Tools / LAMINATE MODELER
LAMINATE MODELER
Lam_prim.Layup, Open Layup file.

LM
Create / LM_Results / LM_Ply_Sort / Select Loadcase: 1-Default / Select Subcase:
1-Static Subcase / Select Layered Result: 3.1-Stress Tensor / Apply.
Results / Select Fringe Result LM_Sort,All Global Plies,
MSC/NASTRAN, Stress Tensor / Position LM_Modeler

Stress Tensor LM_Sort,All,,Stress Tensor

Position (Layer 8) Position (Layer 8)

Position (Layer 16) Position (Layer 16)

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


51
Laminate Modeler


,
.
. :
LAMINATE MODELER, LM_, LM_
.


MSC/PATRAN.
File / New / New Database Name Lam_prim2 /
OK
New Model Preferences, / Tolerance : Based on
Model / Approximate Maximum Model Dimension : 10 / Analysis Code : MSC/NASTRAN / OK

, :
Geometry / Create / Curve / Arc 3 Point / Start Point List: [0. 2.3 0.] / Middle Point List:
[0.3 2. 0.] / Ending Point List: [0. 1.7 0.] / Apply.

, :
Geometry / Create / Curve / Tan Point / Point List: [1. 0. 0.] / Curve List: Curve 1 /
Apply. : Do you wish to trim the
original curve 1? Yes.

:
Geometry / Create / Surface / Revolve / Refer Coordinate Frame: Coord 0 / Axis :
Coord 0.2 / Total Angel : 90 / Curve List: Curve 1 2 / Apply.


Geometry / Transform / Surface / Rotate / Refer Coordinate Frame: Coord 0 / Axis :
Coord 0.2 / Rotation Angel : 90 / Repeat Count: 3 / Surface List: Surface 1 2 / Apply.

:
Finite Elements / Create / Mesh / Surface / Paver / Global Edge
Length : 0.03 / Surface List = : ( ) /
Apply.

52
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler

Finite Elements / Create / Mesh Sead / One Way Bias / L1 and


L2 / L1 : 0.03 L2 : 0.1 / Curve List : /
Apply.

Finite Elements / Create / Mesh / Surface / Iso Mesh / Surface


List: / Apply. -
.

Finite Elements / Equivalence / All / Tolerance Cube / Equivalencing Tolerance :


0.005 / Apply.

3D
demo_fiber_3dortho_Si
:
) Utilites / Materials / Materials
Session File Library.
demo_fiber_3dortho_Si / Apply / Cancel.
) Materials / Create / 3D
Orthotropic / Manual Input / Material Name :
demo_fiber_3dortho_Si / Input
Property /
/ Apply / Cancel.

Laminate Modeler
Laminate Modeler:
Tools / LAMINATE MODELER
LAMINATE MODELER
Lam_prim2.Layup, New Layup file.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


53
Laminate Modeler

LM_:
Create / LM_Material / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Analysis Material
: demo_fiber_3dortho_Si / Max Strain : 65 / Thickness: 0.001 / Apply.

:
Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type:
Drape (Scissor) / Select Area:
/ Start Point: Point 5 / Select
Material: /Application
Direction: <0. 1. 0.> / Reference
Direction: Coord 0.3 / Reference Angel: 0 /
Additional Controls
Geometry / Axis Typ: Geodesic / Extension
Typ: Geodesic / OK / Apply.

Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type:


Drape (Scissor) / Select Area:
, / Start
Point: Point 7 / Select Material:
/ Application Direction:

Select ,
4 7 : Construct SurfacePointNormal(Evaluate Geometry (Surface
4))(Evaluate Geometry (Point 7)) / Reference Direction: Coord 0.1 / Reference Angel: 0 /
Additional Controls Geometry / Axis Typ: Geodesic / Extension Typ: Geodesic /
Boundaries / Define Splits / Geometry / Select Curve: Surface 2.2
( , (Point 7)) / Add / OK / Apply.

, .
Additional Controls / Boundaries / Geometry /
/ Select Curve: Surface 6.2 ( ,
, (Point 7) / Add / OK / Apply.
:

54
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler

Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Select Area: Surface 1 2 7 8 / Start Point:
Point 7 / Select Material: / Application Direction:
Select , 4 7 :
Construct SurfacePointNormal(Evaluate Geometry (Surface 4))(Evaluate Geometry (Point 7)) /
Reference Direction: Coord 0.1 / Reference Angel: 0 / Apply.
, -
. Reference Angel: 45 / Apply.

,
: Select Area: Surface 3:6 / Reference Direction: < -1 0 0 > / Apply.

:
Create / LM_Layup / Add / Layup Definition ,
.

SC_Ply_0 1 Top

SC_Ply_1 1 Bottom

SC_Ply_2 1 Bottom

SC_Ply_3 1 Bottom

SC_Ply_4 2 Bottom

SC_Ply_3 1 Bottom

SC_Ply_2 1 Bottom

SC_Ply_1 1 Bottom

SC_Ply_0 1 Top

Side
Top Bottom, .
Select Element Type / : 2D_Stan_Lam_Plate (CQUAD4 / PCOMP)
Apply.

, , LM
509 . Yes.

, Laminate Modeler .

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


55
Laminate Modeler


Properties / Show /
Existing Properties:
Thickness / Display Metod: Scalar Plot
/ Apply.

Materials / Show / Composite /


Laminate / lam_prim2_100 : , (
),
Show Laminate Properties ,

56
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler

, Scissor
Slide, .

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


57
Laminate Modeler



. .
,
.

Ux, Uy, Uz Ux, Uy

F=22000 H

1 0,001 0

2 0,001 45

3 0,001 -45

4 0,002 90

5 0,001 -45

6 0,001 45

7 0,001 0

:
11 = 180 0,45
22 = 6,2 1,1
12 = 0.15 0,033
G12 = 5.0 0,027
G23 = 5.0
G31 = 5.0
=1500/3

58
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler


MSC/PATRAN.
File / New / New Database Name Lam_prim3 /
OK
New Model Preferences, / Tolerance : Based on
Model / Approximate Maximum Model Dimension : 10 / Analysis Code : MSC/NASTRAN / OK

:
Geometry / Create / Surface / XYZ / Vector Coordinate List: < 0,1 0,1 0 > / Origin
Coordinates List: [0 0 0] / Apply.

:
Finite Elements / Create / Mesh / Surface / IsoMesh / Global Edge
Length : 0.01 / Surface List = : Surface 1 / Apply.

2D demo_fiber_3dortho_Si
:
Materials / Create / 2D Orthotropic / Manual Input / Material Name :
fiber_2d_ortho_Si / Input Property /
/ Apply / Cancel.

Laminate Modeler

Laminate Modeler:
Tools / LAMINATE MODELER
LAMINATE MODELER
Lam_prim3.Layup, New Layup file.

LM_:
Create / LM_Material / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Analysis Material
: fiber_2d_ortho_Si / Thickness: 0.001 / Apply.

:
Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Select Area: / Start
Point: < 0 0 0 > / Select Material: / Application Direction: Coord 0.3 / Reference
Direction: < 1. 0 0 > / Reference Angel: 0 / Apply.

Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Select Area: / Start


Point: < 0 0 0 > / Select Material: / Application Direction: Coord 0.3 / Reference
Direction: < 1. 0 0 > / Reference Angel: 45 / Apply.

Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Select Area: / Start


Point: < 0 0 0 > / Select Material: / Application Direction: Coord 0.3 / Reference
Direction: < 1. 0 0 > / Reference Angel: -45 / Apply.

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


59
Laminate Modeler

Create / LM_Ply / Add / Type: Drape (Scissor) / Select Area: / Start


Point: < 0 0 0 > / Select Material: / Application Direction: Coord 0.3 / Reference
Direction: < 1. 0 0 > / Reference Angel: 90 / Apply.

:
Create / LM_Layup / Add / Layup Definition ,
.

SC_Ply_0 1 Top

SC_Ply_1 1 Top

SC_Ply_2 1 Top

SC_Ply_3 2 Top

SC_Ply_2 1 Top

SC_Ply_1 1 Top

SC_Ply_0 1 Top

Select Element Type / : 2D_Stan_Lam_Plate (CQUAD4 / PCOMP)


Apply.
, , LM
1 . YES.


Loads/BCs / Create / Displacement / Nodal / New Set Name : Displacement_1 /
Input Data / Translations <T1 T2 T3> : < 0,0,0 > / OK / Select Application Region /
FEM / Select Nodes : Node / Add / OK /
Apply.

Loads/BCs / Create / Displacement / Nodal / New Set Name : Displacement_2 /


Input Data / Translations <T1 T2 T3> : < , ,0 > / OK / Select Application Region /
FEM / Select Nodes : Node / Add / OK
/ Apply.

Loads/BCs / Create / Force / Nodal / New Set Name : f1 / Input Data / Force <F1
F2 F3> : <22000,5000,0> / OK / Select Application Region /
, Select Nodes : / Add / OK / Apply.

Loads/BCs / Create / Force / Nodal / New Set Name : f2 / Input Data / Force <F1
F2 F3> : <11000,2500,0> / OK / Select Application Region /
Select Nodes : / Add / OK / Apply.

60
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6
Laminate Modeler

(.bdf) :
Analysis / Analyze / Entire Model / Full Run / Subcase Create / Subcase
Name : Sub1 / Output Requests/ Form Type: Advanced
Output Requests : STRESS(SORT1,REAL) / Composite Plate Opt: Ply & Elem. Stress,
Modify / OK / Apply / Subcase select / 101 LINEAR STATIC /
Subcase Available Sub1, ,
subcase Default /OK / Apply.


Analysis / Read Output2 / ResultEntires / Translete / Select Result File /
OK / Apply.

Layup ,
Tools / LAMINATE MODELER
LAMINATE MODELER
Lam_prim3.Layup, Open Layup file.

,
Create / LM_Results / Failure Calc / Select Loadcase: 1-Default / Select Subcase: 1-Static
Subcase / Select Result: 3.1-Stress Tensor / Select Area: Elm 1: 100 / Criterion: Maximum / Material
Allowables OK/ Apply.

Xt Xc Yt Yc S12 S23 S31 F12


1.1 e+9 .45 e+9 0.033e+9 0.033e+9 0.027e+9 0 0 0

Results / Select Fringe Result :

LM_Crit_Com,,Maximum MSC/NASTRAN, Stress Tensor

LM_Crit_Com_Ply,,Maximum
MSC/NASTRAN, Stress Tensor

LM_Crit_Ply,,Maximum
MSC/NASTRAN, Stress Tensor
.


,
,

.

, .

MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation 815 Colorado Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90041-1777 U.S.A.


61
Laminate Modeler

LM_Marg_Saf,,Maximum MSC/NASTRAN, Stress Tensor MoS


(. )

LM_Marg_Saf_Ply,,Maximum MSC/NASTRAN, Stress Tensor MoS


(. )

Layer 1 (=0o) Layer 2 (=45o)

Layer 3 (=-45o) Layer 4 (=90o)

62
MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation, Moscow Office 117933,, , 6

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