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Grade 10 Learners Materials

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Technology and Livelihood Education (TLE) Grade 10
Learners Material
First Edition, 2013
ISBN: ___________
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Published by the Department of Education


Secretary: Bro. Armin A. Luistro, FSC
Undersecretary: Yolanda S. Quijano, PhD
Assistant Secretary: Elena R. Ruiz, PhD

Development Team of the Learners Material

Consultant: Pedrito S. Nitural, PhD


Central Luzon State University
Science City of Munoz, Nueva Ecija

Authors: Ofelia Fonbuena Bernardo, Master Teacher II


Jones Rural School, Jones, Isabela, Region II
May Martinez-Leano
Bukig National Agricultural and Technical School
Bukig, Aparri, Cagayan, Region II
Validator/Reviewer: Edwina Bersamina Matreo
Trece Martires City National High School, Cavite, Region IV-A

Language Editor:
Illustrator : Mercedita S. Garcia
Subject Specialists and Management: Albert B. Erni, EPS II
Emmanuel S. Valdez, VSA

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Department of Education-Instructional Materials Council Secretariat(DepEd-IMCS)
Office Address: 2nd Floor Dorm G, Philsports Complex, Meralco Avenue,
Pasig City, Philippines 1600
Telefax: (02) 634-1054, 634-1072
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INTRODUCTION

This Learners Material on Vegetable Production contains various Learning


Competencies (Training Regulations-based) leading to National Certification in
Horticulture NC II. The Learning Competencies were designed to develop the
knowledge, skills, and attitudes of Grade 10-Technology and Livelihood Education
(TLE) students as regards the production of commonly grown vegetable crops to
prepare them for higher education and the world of work.

The contents of this material were taken from several documents, e.g. books,
techno-guides, lectures, manuals, school resources, pamphlets, and internent
downloads.

This Learners Material has the following parts: Part I TheIntroduction


gives the overview of the Learning Material; Part II TheLearning
Competencies/Objectives contain specific topics about a certain Learning
Competency; Part III The Diagnostic/Pre- Assessment provides evaluation of the
prior learning and the acquired knowledge and skills of the students; Part IV The
Reading Resourcesand Instructional Activities include what the students must
know, must process, must reflect and understand, and must transfer; Part V The
Summative Assessment evaluates how much the students have learned, and Part
VI The Summary/Synthesis/ Feedback gives generalization and enhancement
on a specific lesson/module. A Glossary section at the end of every module of the
Learners Material has been added as further reference. There is also a List of
References to acknowledge the sources of the ideas lifted from them.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
General Objectives
What is this Learning material about?
How do you use this module
Quarter 1
Module1-Personal Entrepreneurial Competencies (PECs)
Lesson 1-Develop and Strengthen Personal Competencies and Skills (PECs)
Needed in Food (Fish) Processing
Module2 -Environment and Market
Lesson1 -Develop a Product/Service in Food Processing
Product Development
Concepts of Developing a Product
Finding Value
Innovation
Lesson 2-Selecting Business Idea
Generating Ideas for Business
Key Concepts of Selecting a Business Idea
Branding
Quarter 1
Produce Vegetable Crops
Module 3-Basic Concepts in Vegetable Production
Lesson1-Basic concepts and opportunities in producing major lowland and
semi- temperate vegetables
Introduction
Learning competencies
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Basic concepts in producing major lowland and semi-temperate
vegetables
What is a vegetable?
What is vegetable gardening
Why grow vegetables?
Opportunities in vegetable crop production
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Lesson2-Types of vegetable gardening
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Home/Backyard Gardening
Market Gardening
Truck Gardening
Vegetable Growing for Processing
Vegetable Forcing
Vegetable Seed Production
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summative assessment
Summary /feedback
Quarter 2
Module 4-Prepare Land for Planting Vegetable Crops
Lesson 1-Selecting the site for planting vegetable crops
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Factors to consider in selecting the site for planting vegetables crops
Soil

Soil Sampling and Soil Analysis


What to process
What reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summative assessment
Summary/feedback
Lesson 2- Preparing the Land for Planting Vegetable Crops
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Tools, Implements and Simple Equipment
Hand Tools
Farm Implements
Equipment
Importance of Proper Land Preparation
Zero Tillage / No Till
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summative assessment
Rubric in rating Land Preparation
Summary feedback
Module 5-Grow Seedlings
Lesson 1- Classifications of vegetable crop
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Classifications of vegetable
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Lesson 2- Selecting quality seeds
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
Select quality seeds
Securing seeds
Methods of seed testing
Seed germination
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Lesson 3- Preparing growing media and sowing of seeds
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Components of the growing media
Soil sterilization
Sow seeds
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Rubric in sowing seeds
Lesson 4- Demonstrating Care and Management of Seedlings
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic Assessment
What to know
Care and management of seedlings
What to process
What to reflect and understand
Summative assessment
Summary/Feedback
References
Quarter 3
Module 6- Direct Planting and Transplanting
Lesson 1- Direct planting vegetable crops
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic Assessment
What to know
Direct planting
Methods of direct planting
Rate of planting
Depth of planting
Planting distance
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Rubric in rating direct seeding
Summative assessment
Summary/Feedback
Lesson 2 Transplanting vegetable crops
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Transplanting vegetable seedlings
Characteristics of good quality seedlings
Why transplant vegetable seedlings
When to transplant seedlings
Rules in transplanting
Steps in transplanting vegetable seedlings
Planting distance of transplanted seedlings
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Rubric in rating transplanting of seedlings
Summative assessment
Summary and feedback
Glossary of Terms
References
Module 7- Maintain the Growth of Vegetable crops
Lesson 1 Applying recommended kind and rate of fertilizers
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Plant food
Kinds of fertilizer
Fertilizer computation
Methods of fertilizer application
Methods of determining soil fertility
Loss of nutrients from the soil
Methods of conserving soil fertility
Importance of composting
Methods of composting
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Rubric in making compost piles/pits
Lesson 2- Performing irrigation and drainage
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Benefits of irrigation
How to measure soil moisture
Methods of irrigation
Causes of loss of irrigation water
Drainage
Systems of drainage
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summative assessment
Lesson 3- Perform Weeding and Cultivation
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
weeding
Methods of weed control
Why control weeds
Principles of weed control
Types of weeds
Benefits of cultivation
Frequency of cultivation
Depth of cultivation
Time of cultivation
Tools/implements/equipment in cultivation
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What totransfer
Quarter 4
Lesson 4- Controlling insect pests and diseases
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Concepts and facts about insects
Parts of an insect
How does an insect grow?
Ways on how insects damage plants
Methods of controlling insects
Diseases of vegetable crops
Safety precautions in the use of pesticides
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summary/Feedback
Summative assessment
Lesson 5- Performing mulching
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Perform mulching
Mulching materials
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summary/Feedback
Glossary of Terms
References
Module 8 Harvest Vegetable Crops
Lesson 1 Determine maturity indices of vegetable crops
Introduction
Learning competencies/objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Maturity indices
Types of maturity
Maturity determination
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summative assessment
Summary /Feedback
Lesson 2 Harvest vegetable crops
Introduction
Learning competencies/Objectives
Pre-/Diagnostic assessment
What to know
Harvesting
Preparations prior to harvesting
Principles of Tender Loving Care (TLC)
Importance of harvesting at proper stage of maturity
Importance of stacking and string vegetable crops in a cool and dry place
Good practices during harvesting
Methods of harvesting vegetable crops
Reducing damage to produce
What to process
What to reflect and understand
What to transfer
Summative assessment
Summary/Feedback
Glossary of Terms
References