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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY

Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

NEET 2016 (Phase 2)


(Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
Code AA
Answer Key and Solution

Answer Key

1 1 2 4 3 3 4 1 5 3 6 2 7 3 8 3 9 2 10 1

11 2 12 2 13 2 14 2 15 2 16 2 17 4 18 2 19 2 20 4

21 2 22 4 23 2 24 3 25 4 26 3 27 2 28 2 29 1 30 3

31 4 32 3 33 1 34 4 35 3 36 2 37 2 38 4 39 1 40 4

41 3 42 4 43 2 44 1 45 3 46 3 47 2 48 1 49 3 50 1

51 1 52 2 53 4 54 2 55 3 56 1 57 4 58 2 59 1 60 3

61 3 62 2 63 4 64 3 65 3 66 2 67 1,4 68 3 69 4 70 3

71 1 72 3 73 2 74 3 75 2 76 4 77 1 78 4 79 4 80 3

81 3 82 3 83 4 84 3 85 2 86 3 87 2 88 1 89 2 90 1

91 2 92 2 93 1 94 4 95 3 96 2 97 2 98 2 99 1 100 1

101 1 102 3 103 2 104 2 105 2 106 1 107 1 108 4 109 2 110 2

111 4 112 3 113 3 114 3 115 3 116 4 117 3 118 2 119 3 120 2

121 3 122 2 123 3 124 3 125 3 126 4 127 4 128 2 129 1 130 3

131 2 132 1 133 4 134 3 135 3 136 1 137 1 138 2 139 3 140 1

141 1 142 4 143 4 144 2 145 1 146 1 147 3 148 2 149 3 150 2

151 1 152 4 153 1 154 3 155 3 156 2 157 2 158 2 159 1 160 2

161 1 162 1 163 2 164 2 165 1 166 1 167 2 168 2 169 3 170 3

171 1 172 2 173 2 174 4 175 2 176 3 177 2 178 4 179 4 180 2

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

Physics

hG
1.
c3 / 2
Let the length be related to h, c and G as l = hxcyGz
Now, we know that the dimensions of Plancks constant h are [h] = [M1L2T1].
Similarly, the dimensions of speed of light c are [c] = [M0L1T1] and that of
Newtons gravitational constant G are [M1L3T2].

Now, the dimensions of length are [M0L1T0]


Therefore, we get
x y z
l h c G
x y z
M0L1 T 0 M1L2 T 1 M0L1 T 1 M1L3 T 2
M0L1 T 0 Mx zL2x y 3z T x y 2z
Comparing the powers, we get
xz 0 ...... (1)
2x y 3z 1 ...... (2)
x y 2z 0 ...... (3)
From equation (1), we get
xz ...... (4)
From equations (3) and (4), we get
x y 2x 0
y 3x ...... ( 5)

Hence, from equations (2) and (5), we get


2x 3x 3x 1
1
x
2
1
z
2
3
y
2
Hence, the equation for length is
1 3 1
hG
l h2 c 2 G2
c3 / 2

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

f a
2.
2 1 b
The positions of both the cars P and Q are
xP t at bt2
xQ t ft t2
Therefore, the velocities are:
dxP
vP a 2bt
dt
dxQ
vQ f 2t
dt

The cars are to have the same velocity. So, we get


vP vQ
a 2bt f 2t
2bt 2t f a
2t b 1 f a
f a
t
2 1 b

3. 5.7 m/s
The total acceleration of the particle is a = 15 m/s2.
The angle made by the acceleration with the radius is = 30
Therefore, the centripetal acceleration is
15 3
ac acos 15cos30
2
The centripetal acceleration is
v2
ac
R
2
v Rac
15 3
v2 2.5 32.47
2
v 32.47 5.7 m/s

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

4. mV
The momentum of the ball can be divided into components as

V Vf Vi


V V cos 60i V sin60j
V cos 60i V sin60j

V 2V cos 60i

Impulse is related to change in velocity as


1
I P m V m 2V cos 60 2mV mV
2

5. 120 m/s
The system is shown below.

The bullet strikes the stationary block and then leaves the block horizontally.
Hence, applying the law of conservation of linear momentum, we get

mu M 0 Mv1 mv2
Now, the block is raised by a height h, and hence, it gains potential energy. This
potential energy results in kinetic energy of the block.
1
Mgh Mv12
2
v1 2gh
mu M 2gh mv2
mu M 2gh
v2
m

v2

10 103 400 2 2 9.8 0.1
3
10 10
4 2.8
v2 120 m/s
10 103

6. 0.5 m/s and 0.3 m/s


Initially vA = 0.5 m/s and vB = 0.3 m/s
They are ideas and they collide elastically. Therefore their velocities will be
interchanged after collision.
vB = 0.5 m/s and vA = 0.3 m/s

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

7. 5 J
The displacement of the particle is
3k
s2 s1 4j
2i 5j
2i j 3k

Therefore, the work done is


W Fs


W 4i 3j
2i j 3k
W 4 2 3 1 8 3 5 J

8. LB > LA
The kinetic energy of rotating bodies is
L2
K
2I
K A KB
L2A L2
B
2IA 2IB
L2A IA

L2B IB
It is given that IB IA
LB L A

9. 1:5
For the sphere:
Mass = m; radius = R
For the cylinder:
Mass = m; radius = R
Moment of inertia of the sphere is
2
Isphere mR 2
5
Moment of inertia of the cylinder is
1
Icylinder mR 2
2
Now, the kinetic energy is
1
E I2
2
1
Esphere Isphere2sphere
2
Ecylinder 1
I 2
2 cylinder cylinder
1 2 2
mR 2 2 5
Esphere 2 5 22 4 1

Ecylinder 11 1 5 4 20 5
mR 2 2
2
4
22 2

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

m1m2 2
10. l
m1 m2
The system is as shown below.

The distance r1 of mass m1 from the centre of mass is


m2l
r1
m1 m2
Similarly, the distance r2 of mass m2 from the centre of mass is
m1l
r2
m1 m2
Therefore, the moment of inertia of the system about an axis passing through
the centre of mass is
ICM m1r12 m2r22
2 2
m2l m1l
ICM m1 m2
m1 m2 m1 m2
m1m22l2 m2m12l2
ICM
m1 m2 m1 m2
2 2

m1m2l2
ICM m2 m1
m1 m2
2

m1m2 2
ICM l
m1 m2

11.

The acceleration due to gravity at points inside the surface of the Earth is
GM
g 2 r
RE
Similarly, the acceleration due to gravity at points outside the surface of the
Earth is
GM
g 2
r
Hence, for the region 0 < r R, g r
1
For the region R > 0, g 2
r
Hence, the graph that represents the variation of g is as shown in option (2).

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

mg0R 2
12.
2 R h
The total energy of the satellite is
GMm GMm
E
2r 2 R h
The acceleration due to gravity at the surface of the Earth is
GM
g0 2
R
GM g0R 2
Therefore, the total energy is
mg0R 2
E
2 R h

13. 0.125 Nm-1


The work done against surface tension is
W T 2A


A 5 102 4 102 4 102 2 102
A 20 104 8 104 12 104 m2
W 3 104 1
T 4
0.125 Nm-1
2A 2 12 10 8


14. 0 1 2 3
2
The height in capillary is
2T cos
h
gr
Here, T is the surface tension
is the angle of contact
is the density
r is the radius of the capillary

It is given that r, h and T for all the three liquids is the same.
Therefore, we have
cos
Cons tan t

cos 1 cos 2 cos 3

1 2 3
Given 1 2 3
cos 1 cos 2 cos 3
1 2 3
As the water rises in the capillary, must be acute.

0 1 2 3
2

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

15. More than 50 C


The heat capacity of the material increases with temperature.
Let sc be the heat capacity of the cold body while sh be the heat capacity for
the hot body. Therefore, sh > sc

Let be the final temperature.

From the principle of calorimetry, we have


Heat lost by the hot body heat gained by the cold body
msh 100 msc 0
sh 100 sc
100sh sh sc
100sh 100

sc sh s
1 c
sh
sc
sh sc 1
sh
sc
1 2
sh
100
50
2

3
16. T
2
Given that Newtons law of cooling is applicable.
T1 = 3T, T2 = 2T and T = Room temperature
Applying the Newtons law of cooling, we get
T1 T2 T T2
k 1 T
t 2
3T 2T 5T 2T
k
t 2
T 3T
10
k ......... Equation 1
2
Let the temperature of the body at the end of 10 minutess.
be T'.
Applying Newton's law of cooling, we get
2T T ' 2T T '
k T
10 2
2T T ' T'
k ......... Equation 2
10 2
Solving equation 1 and 2, we get
3
T' T
2

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

17. R
Heat capacity in polytropic process is
R
C Cv
1K
Given that PV 3 Cons tan t
K 3
Also, given that gas is monoatomic f 3.
fR R
C
2 1K
3R R

2 13
3R R

2 2
C R

t1 273
18.
t1 t2

Let the heat delivered be Q1and the energy consumed be W


t2 273 Q2
Coefficient of performance of refrigerator, ()
t1 t2 W
t2 273 Q1 W Q1
1
t1 t2 W W
Q1 t 273 t1 273
1 2
W t1 t2 t1 t2
Q1 t1 273

W t1 t2

19. Pm
kT
Gas equation is
PV nRT
M
P nRT

RT kNA T
P
M mNA
kT
P
m
mP

kT

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

16
20.
9
m
Given that T 2 3 s ......... Equation 1
k
The mass is increased by 1, i.e. m+1
m1
T' 2 5 s ......... Equation 2
k
Dividing and squaring equation 1 and 2, we get
m 9

m 1 25
25m 9m 9
16
m kg
9

21. 2L
In open organ pipe:
Second overtone is
3
o
2
2 o
......... Equation 1
3
In closed organ pipe:
First overtone is
3
c
4
4 c 4L
......... Equation 2
3 3
From equation 1 and 2, we get
2 o 4L

3 3
o 2L

22. 1
When the three waves superpose at a point, then from the superposition
principle, the resultant particle displacement at that point is given
y = y1 + y2
= a sin [2(v 1)t] + a sin (2vt) + a sin [2(v + 1)t]
Now sin [2(v 1)t] + sin [2(v + 1)t] = 2 cos2t sin2vt
y = a sin (2vt) + 2a cos2t sin2vt
y = a sin 2vt (1 + 2a cos2t)
Or y = a (1 + 2a cos2t) sin 2vt
Or y = A sin 2vt
Where A = a (1 + 2a cos2t) = Resultant amplitude

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

We know that, resultant intensity is directly proportional to the square of the


resultant amplitude.
Now A2 will be maximum when cos 2t = + 1
or 2t = 0, 2, 4, ... etc.
or t = 0, ls, 2s,... etc.
Time period of beats = time interval between two consecutive maxima = 1 s.
Hence the beat frequency is 1 Hz, i.e. one beat is heard per second.

23. 2 mC
PE sin
q E sin
Given that 4 Nm, E 2 105 , 30 and 0.02 m
Substituting the values, we get
1
4 q 0.02 2 105
2
q 2 103 coulomb
q 200 mC

2 3 1
24.
k k1 k2 k3 k 4

Let the capacitance of three dielectric materials having dielectric constant k1,
k2, k3 be C1 and that of dielectric constant k4 be C2.
1 1 1

C C1 C2
d d
d 2 2

Aok A o k1 k 2 k 3 Aok 4
3
2 3 1

k k1 k 2 k 3 k 4

25. 9 V
Using Ohms law, we get
VA (2 2) 3 2 = VB
VA VB = 9V

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

26. 26
Let the resistance of the bulb be R b
V2
We know that P
Rb
V2 1002
Rb
P 500
R b 20
When a resistance 'R' is connected, the bulb
works perfectly.
This is possible only when the bulb consumes 100V.
Given that the main supply is of 230 V.
Thus, the voltage across the resistance R is 230 100 = 130 V
Potential drop is the direct ratio of the resistances.
R 130

R b 100
R 130

20 100
R 26

27. n2B
Given that the long wire carrying a steady current is bent into a circular loop of
one turn.
Length of the wire = Circumference of the wire
l=2R (where R is the radius of the single loop)
Let the radius of the circular coil of n turns be r.
l=n(2r)
R
r ......... (Equation 1)
n
For one turn, the magnetic field is
i
B o
2R
Magnetic field for n turns is
ni
B' o
2r
Substituting the value of r from equation 1, we get
on2i i
B' n2 o
2R 2R
B' n2B

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

28. 3W
Given that The energy required to rotate it by 60 is 'W '.
W B cos 0 cos 60
B
W ......... Equation 1
2
3
Torque, B sin60 B
2
B
or ( 3)
2
From equation 1, we get
W 3

29. 1 GHz
Given that B 3.57 102 T and e 1.76 1011 C / kg
m
Frequency of revolution of electrons is
eB
f
2m
1.76 1011 C / kg 3.57 102 T
f
2 3.14
9
f 10 Hz 1 GHz

30. R = 15 , L = 3.5 H, C = 30 F
For better tuning the Q factor must be high.
oL
Q
R
1 L
Q
LC R
1 L
Q
R C
From the above equaiton it is clear that the value of
R and C should be small and L should be l arge.
Thus, R 15 , L 3.5 H, C 30 F

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

dB
31. Loop1 induction (r2 ), Loop 2 induction 0
dt

For loop 1,
dB
induction is given by -A cos 0
dt
A(circle) r 2
dB
induction (r 2 )
dt

For loop 2,
As there is no flux linked to loop 2 its induction 0

32. P.F 0.8

In L-C-R Circuit,
VL VC
tan
VR
Substituting the given values we get,
100 40 3
tan
80 4
37
The power factor of the circuit is given by,
P.F c os cos 37
0.7986 0.8

33. id max 2.2 A


The peak value of the displacement current is same as the
amplitude of the displacement current.
In this case of amplitude, the charge on the capacitor has no direct effect.

As the values of resistance and reactance of capacitors are numerically same


( i.e 100 ) and in L-C-R series combination ,
we can relate,
id max ic max i0
i0 is given by
0 220 2 220 2
i0
Z 2
100 1002
100 2
id max 2.2 A

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

3f
34.
4

By optical geometry of the given two equiconvex lenses,


f1 f3 R f ...(given)
the above relation is solved by
R
f1 f3 R f
3
2 1
2
also,
R 3
f2 R
4 2
2 1
3
3
f
2
The equivalent focal length is given by
1 1 1 1

fequ f1 f2 f3
1 1 2 1 3f

fequ f 3f f 4

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

35. 12 cm

Considering the bubble to be located as shown in the figure

If a bubble is situated 5 cm away from the face


the thickness factor with respect to refractive index
acting acting from that side on this bubble = 5 (in cm)

Similarly the bubble is 3 cm away from the opposite face,


therefore the thickness factor with respect to refractive index
acting on the bubble from this side is= 3 (in cm)

Total thickness in terms of refractive index = 5+3=8


=1.5 ...(given)
Thickness of slab = 8 1.5 12cm

2 n
36.
n 1
Assuming the ratio of interference pattern as I1 and I
as it is obtained with coherent sources of intensity ratio
I1 n
...(1)
I2 1


2 2

i i I1 I2 I1 I2
max min
imax imin

2 2
I1 I2 I1 I2

4 I1 I2

2(I1 I2 )
Dividing throughout by I2
I1
2
I2

I1
1
I2
imax imin 2 n

imax imin n 1

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

37. Concave, - 0.25 D

The correction is required in the case of myopia, thus


the farthest point should be infinity ''
Given that,
v = -400 cm = -4 m
u=-
1
P
f
1 1 1 1 1
P ... 0
v u 4
1
P 0.25 D
4
The negative sign indicates the concavity.

38. 0.15 cm

Given that,
Focal length f = D = 60 cm
width of linear aperture a = 0.02 cm =2 104 m
Wavelength 5 105 cm = 5 107 m
The equation for first minima is,
D
y
a
substiuting the given values,
5 107 60
y= 0.15 cm
2 104

2mc 2
39. 0
h
De Broglie wavelength is given by,
h h
= p
p
p2 h2
Also E = ...(1)
2m 2m2
But, in case of X-ray
hc
E= ...(2)
0
Equating equation 1 and 2 we get,
h2 hc
2

2m 0
2mc2
0
h

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

40. 3eV
We know that Energy of photon E is,
E = K ...(1)
5 = 2
3eV
Applying equation 1 in the second case we get,
6 = 3K
K 3eV
As A is at negative potential with respect to C we write,
K 3eV

20
41. '
7

For transition from third orbit to second orbit, wavelength is


transition from fouth orbit to third orbit, wavelength is ' is
1 1 1
RHZ2 2 2
2 3
1 1 1
RHZ2 2 2
' 3 4
' 20

7
20
'
7

42. 60min
The decay of a radioactive substance happens
from 40% to 85%
the remaining substance after the above decay would be
60% to 15% respectively.

It is given that the half life of this substance is 30 mins


therefore time taken betwwen decay 40% to 85% i.e
remaining 60% to 15% will be :-

60% to 30% = one half life = 30 min


and 30% to 15% =one half life=30 min

total time 60min

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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

43. 20 mV
For transistor as an amplifier, we have
vout R
0
vin Ri
Given : vout 4 V; R 0 2 k 2 103 ;
100; Ri 1 k 1 103
voutRi 4 103
vin
R 0 100 2 103
vin 0.02 V 20 mV

44. 2.5 A
The diode D1 is reverse biased. Hence, no current will flow through it.
Diode D2 is forward biased. So, the current will flow through R1 and R3 only.
Hence, the current is
V 10 10
I 2.5 A
R1 R3 2 2 4

45. 1, 0
The gate P is an AND gate and Q is a NAND gate.
Therefore, the truth table is as follows.

A B P AB C Y AB C
0 0 0 0 1
1 1 1 1 0

Chemistry

46. In case of acetic acid, HCN and H2O2 intermolecular hydrogen bonding is present
while in cellulose intermolecular hydrogen bond present.

1000
47. Molar conductivity 5.76 103 1.152 10 11.52 Scm2 mol1
0.5

48. Unimolecular surface reactions can be given as


K1 K2
A(g) K1
A(adsorbed) Pr oducts

So we can conclude that, rate of reaction is directly proportional to surface


coverage as, r = K2A.
Where, A is surface coverage of A.

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Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

49. The minimum amount of an electrolyte (in millimoles) that must be added to
one litre of a colloidal solution so as to bring about complete coagulation or
flocculation is called the coagulation or flocculation value of the electrolyte. So,
smaller the flocculation value of an electrolyte; greater is its coagulating or
precipitating power.
1
Coagulation power
Coagulation value
So, the order is III > II > I

50. Electrolysis of molten sodium chloride:


At cathode: 2 Na+ + 2e 2Na
At anode: 2Cl- Cl2 + 2e
1 mole of Cl2 2F
0.1 mole of Cl2 0.2F
0.2 96500 = 3 t
t = 6433.33 sec = 107.22 min.

51. n=3, l =1 3p
Total 2 electrons can fit in the orbital of 3p.

52.
Tf P
S nC ln nR ln i
Ti Pf
For isothermal Ti Tf , ln 1 0
Pi
S nR ln
Pf

2
53. Ba(OH)2(S) Ba(aq) 2OH
Ba(OH)2 is strong electrolyte, so its 100% dissociation occurs in solution.
Vant Hoff factor (i) = Total number of ions present in solution = 3

54. Pyridine is a weak base.


C2
Kb
1
1 1
Kb = C2
1.7 109
1.30 104
0.1
So,
% of 0.013%

55. In CaF2, the coordination numbers for Ca+2 is 8 and for F- it is 4.


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NEET | PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY
Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

56.
E0cell ve
G0 0
and G0 2.203RT log Keq
Keq 1

57. For ideal solutions:


Hmix 0
Umix 0
Smix 0
We know that,
Gmix Hmix TSmix
Gmix 0
Incorrect answer is Gmix 0

58.
AgCl(S) Ag(aq) Cl(aq)
Ksp = 1.6 1010 [Ag ][Cl ] S (0.1 S)
1.6 1010 [Ag ][0.1]
[Ag ] 1.6 109

59.
Consider the atomic weight of X be WX and Y be WY
10
nXY2 0.1
WX 2WY
WX 2WY 100...(i)
9
nX3 Y2 0.05
3WX 2WY
3WX 2WY 180...(ii)
By solving eq. (i) and (ii) we get,
WX 40 and WY 30

60. Q = ne
it=ne
60
n 3.75 1020 electrons
1.6 1019

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Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

61. H3BO3 + 2H2O [B(OH)4]- + H3O+

62. AlF3 + 3KF K3[AlF6]

63. Iron cannot be coated on zinc. This is because zinc has higher negative
electrode potential than iron.

E0Zn+2/Zn = -0.76 V

E0Fe+2/Fe = -0.41 V
E0Fe+3/Fe = -0.04 V

64. The suspension of slaked lime in water is known as milk of lime.

65. The hybridizations of atomic orbitals of nitrogen in NO2+, NO3- and NH4+ are as
follows:

NO2+ = sp (Linear)
NO3- =sp2 (Trigonal planar)
NH4+= sp3 (Tetrahedral)

66. PF3 is a Lewis base since it has one lone pair of electrons on P atom.

BF3 is a Lewis acid whereas CF4 and SiF4 have octet configuration.

67. In SO32- and ClO3- , the number of electrons is 42 and they have pyramidal
shape.
In CO32- and NO3-, the number of electrons is 32 with trigonal planar shape.

68. The salts of beryllium readily hydrolyze.

69. CaF2 + H2SO4 CaSO4 + 2HF


H2SO4 is not acting as an oxidising agent in the reaction. The oxidation number
of all atoms remains the same.

70. dz2 , d x
2
y2 will have electron density along the axes.

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Paper 2016 Answer Key and Solution (Code AA)

71. In XeF4,
84
Number of hybrid orbitals = 6
2
Hybridisation: sp3d2
Geometry: Octahedral
Shape: Square planar

72. SeF4 with sp3d hybridisation has see-saw shape.


CH4 with sp3 hybridisation has tetrahedral shape.

73. The correct increasing order of trans-effect of the following species is:

CN- > C6H5- > Br- > NH3

74. Lanthanons are less reactive than aluminium due to high ionisation potential
(lanthanoid contraction).

75. The high spin complexes with d3, d5, d8, d10 electrons do not show John-Teller
distortions.

76. Friedel Crafts reaction:

Isopropyl chloride can form .

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In chlorobenzene, bromobenzene, chloroethene lone pair of halogen are


delocalised with bonds, so attain double bond character.

77. Only diphenyl is coplanar. All carbon atoms are sp2 hybridised.

78.

79. In pyrrole, the electron density is maximum on 2 and 5 carbon atoms.


The resonance structures of pyrrole are as follows:

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80.

Thus, can not form propene.

81. Tertiary nitro compound does not react with HNO2 because of absence of
hydrogen atom.

82. DNA in copies as messenger RNA (mRNA) which in turn is the template for protein
synthesis (uses r-RNA and t RNA)

83.

84.

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85.

86. CH3-CH2-CH2-Br + NaCN CH3 CH2 CH2 CN + NaBr


The above reaction follows SN2 mechanism, which takes place in polar
non-protic solvent such as N,N-dimethyl formamide that is DMF.
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87.

During hydrogenation of unsaturated carbonyl compound by pd catalyst


selective reduction is observed of double bond. Reduction take place at Non
polar unsaturation. i.e., (-C=C-).

88. Tautomerism takes place with carbonyl compound having -H atom.


-H which is at Bridge head C will not get involved in Tautomerism.
Structure (I): -H are at bridge head so no Tautomerism.
Structure (II): -H is at bridge head and another -C is not having -H so no
Tautomerism.
Structure (III): -H is presents so can undergo Tautomerism.

Only option III will show Tautomerism.

89. When an electron withdrawing group is present close to COOH, due to negative
inductive effect losing H+ becomes very easy. (I effect is distance dependent)
First is structure II where O- is present close to COOH (I effect is
maximum), after that structure III and then structure (I). That means the order
is (II) > (III) > (I).

90. Br Br Br+ + Br
Alkene dissociating heterolytically favours Br2 addition Reaction.

Biology
91. In fungi, the cell wall is made of chitin or cellulose or both. Purely cellulosic cell
wall is found in oomycetes of phycomycetes in fungi.

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92. Methanogens are archaebacteria which live anaerobically in marshy areas. They
are obligate anaerobes and convert CO2 to methane and produce biogas.

93. The cell wall of diatoms is mainly composed of cellulose impregnated with glass-
like silica. The siliceous cell wall of diatoms is indestructible and does not decay
easily.

94. The label of a herbarium sheet carries the name of the institution, scientific
name of the plant, common or vernacular name of the plant, family, locality,
date of collection, collection number and name of the collector. It does not carry
any information regarding the height of the plant.

95. Presence of a thick cuticle, presence of sunken stomata to reduce transpiration,


needle-like, scale-like or small and leathery leaves and sclerenchymatous
hypodermis are some of the xerophytic characters of conifers which enable them
to tolerate extreme environmental conditions.

96. Algin is obtained from Laminaria, a brown algae and carrageenan is extracted
from Chondrus, a red algae.

97. The term polyadelphous is related to androecium. In polyadelphous


androecium, the filaments of all the stamensunite to form more than two groups
and the anthers are free, e.g, Citrus.

98. Salvia, mustard, radish and turnip have stamens with different lengths in their
flowers. Salvia shows didynamous while mustard, radish and turnip have
tetradynamous stamens.

99. Cassia, Trifolium and Pisum have zygomorphic flowers with bilateral symmetry.
Brassica has actinomorphic flowers with radial symmetry.

100. Free central placentation is found in Dianthus. Argemone and Brassica show
parietal placentation while Citrus shows axile placentation.

101. In the T.S of a dicot stem, the sequence from the outside to the inside of the
stem is epidermis, hypodermis, cortex, endodermis, stele along with pericycle,
vascular bundles and pith. Hence, the cortex is present between the epidermis
and stele.

102. Tyloses are bladder-like ingrowths of thin-walled parenchymatous cells into


the xylem vessels and tracheids through pits. They block the passage of xylem
elements and inhibit the transportation of water and minerals in the xylem.

103. Ribozyme is a non-proteinaceous enzyme. It is a ribonucleic acid (RNA)


enzyme that catalyses a chemical reaction.
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104. Animal cells do not contain a large central vacuole. The vacuole in animals is
poorly developed or absent. Plant cells possess a large central vacuole.

105. Pili and fimbriae are not involved in the motility of bacterial cells. Flagella
assist in the motility of the bacterial cells. Fimbriae provide attachment to the
base and pili form conjugation tube during conjugation.

106. Lysosomes are single membrane, large vesicles which contain hydrolytic
enzymes such as lipases, proteases and carbohydrases.

107. Synthesis or replication of DNA occurs on the template of the existing DNA
strand during the S phase of interphase. Although, the enzyme DNA polymerase
is synthesised in G1 phase, it gets activated only in the S phase. Hence, DNA
replication takes place in the S phase.

108. Acetyl CoA is a common intermediate produced during aerobic breakdown of


fats, carbohydrates and proteins. It is involved in the metabolism of glucose and
amino acids and degradation of fatty acids.

109. The phloem sap is more concentrated than xylem. The sap of phloem is
alkaline with a pH between 8.0 to 8.4. the sap of xylem is acidic with a pH
between 5.2 to 6.5.

110. Both auxin and cytokinin have been known for a long time to act either
synergistically or antagonistically to control several significant developmental
processes, such as the formation and maintenance of meristem in plants. The
ratio of auxin and cytokinin regulates the growth of roots and shoots in plants.
Low concentration of auxin and cytokinin promotes shoot growth while higher
ratio promotes root growth.

111. A chromoprotein is a conjugated protein that contains a pigmented prosthetic


group or cofactor. Phytochrome is a protein with a bilin chromophore.

112. Calcium, in the form of calcium pectate, is responsible for holding together
the cell walls of plants. It is essential for the growth of the root tip. When
calcium is deficient, new tissue such as root tips, young leaves, and shoot tips
often exhibit distorted growth from improper cell wall formation.

113. Photorespiration occurs in all C3 plants but rarely occurs in C4 plants.


Presence of excess O2 in the surroundings inhibits photosynthesis in C3 plants
but has no inhibitory effect on the C4 plants.

114. In potato, banana and ginger, plantlets always arise from the nodes of the
stem or modified stem. The nodes hold one or more leaves, as well
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as buds which can grow into branches. Adventitious roots may also be produced
from the nodes.

115. Sexual reproduction involves meiosis and fusion of male and female
gametes. This results in genetic combination of parental characters leading to
variation. Variation is essential for evolution and survival of the species.

116.
Column-I Column-II
a. Pistils fused together (iii) Syncarpous
b. Formation of gametes (i) Gametogenesis
c. Hyphae of higher ascomycetes (iv) Dikaryotic
d. Unisexual female flower (ii) Pistillate

117. In majority of angiosperms, reduction division occurs in the megaspore


mother cell. The megaspore mother cell undergoes meiosis and forms a linear
tetrad of four haploid megaspores. The process of meiotic formation of haploid
megaspores from diploid megaspore mother cell is called megasporogenesis.

118. Pollination in water hyacinth and water lily is brought about by the agency of
insects or wind.

119. In angiosperms, the ovule is an integumented megasporangium within which


the meiosis and megaspore formation takes place.

120. The semiconservative mode of DNA replication in eukaryotic chromosomes


was first demonstrated by Taylor in the root tip cells of Vicia faba in 1957.
121. The mechanism that causes a gene to move from one linkage group to
another is called translocation.
The chromosomal aberration in which a part of the chromosome segment gets
inverted by 180 is called inversion.
Duplication is the phenomenon of having an extra chromosome attached to its
normal homologous chromosome so that a gene or set of genes is
represented twice in the same chromosome.
Crossing over involves the mutual exchange of segments of genetic material
between non-sister chromatids of two homologous chromosomes so as to
produce recombinations or a new combination of genes.

122. The equivalent of a structural gene is a cistron. Each cistron consists of many
codons. A codon species a single amino acid.

123. A true breeding plant is near homozygous and produces offspring of its own
kind. It is a plant which on self pollination produces offspring with the same
traits.

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124. 23S rRNA acts as a structural RNA as well as a ribozyme in bacterial cell.

125. Stirred-tank bioreactors have been designed so as to facilitate even mixing


and oxygen availability throughout the bioreactor.

126. A foreign DNA and plasmid cut by the same restriction endonuclease can be
joined to form a recombinant plasmid using ligase enzyme. Their single-
stranded free ends called sticky ends can be joined end to end by DNA ligases.

127. Downstream processing involves separation, purification and preservation of


biotechnological products.

128. Eco RV, a type II restriction endonuclease isolated from certain strains of
Escherichia coli has restriction sequence
5' GAT ATC 3'
3' CTA TAG 5'
A blunt end may result from the breaking of double-stranded DNA.

129. The first clinical gene therapy was given in 1990 to a 4-year-old girl with
adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency. ADA deficiency can cause SCID, which
occurs because of a defect in the gene for the enzyme adenosine deaminase.

130. Norman Myers has identified a total of 34 hotspots of biodiversity covering a


area less than 2% of the land surface with about 20% human inhabitation.
Biodiversity hot spots have very high levels of species richness and high degree
of endemism.
131. Chemosynthetic archaebacteria can survive in extreme environments such as
the hydrothermal vent ecosystems. Therefore, they will be the primary
producers of the deep-sea hydrothermal vent ecosystem.

132. r-selected species thrive in unstable environment. They are characterised by


large number of progeny and small size of the organisms. They show early
maturity and short life expectancy.

133.
Interaction Effect Result of interaction
Parasitism +, Parasite benefited, host harmed
Mutualism +,+ Beneficial to both, obligatory
Amensalism 0, One harmed, other unaffected
Commensalism +, 0 Commensal benefited, other
unaffected

134. Parthenium hysterophorus is an alien species in India. It is an exotic weed


which grows rapidly and has adversely affected the proliferation of endemic
species in the forests.

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135. The Red List or Red Data Book has eight Red List categories of species namely
extinct, extinct in the wild, critically endangered, endangered, vulnerable, lower
risk, data deficient and not evaluated.

136. Cholera, typhoid and tetanus are caused by bacteria. Mumps, herpes,
small pox and influenza are caused by viruses.

137.

Column I Column II
a. Family (iii)Muscidae
b. Order (i)Diptera
c. Class (iv)Insecta
d. Phylum (ii)Arthropoda

138. Cyclostomata belong to the phylum chordate, subphylum vertebrata and


superclass Agnatha which are characterised by being jawless and absence
of fins.

139. Photoperiodism affects the flowering patterns in plants and the binomial
nomenclature was suggested by Carl Linnaeus.

140. In male cockroaches the seminal vesicles stores the sperms.

141. Smooth muscles are involuntary muscles that are non striated and
fusiform.

142. Oxidative phosphorylation occurs in the inner membrane of the


mitochondria. During oxidative phosphorylation ATP is formed as
electrons pass through the Electron transport Chain through redox
reactions.

143. Ester bonds are seen in lipids and so they are least likely to be involved in
the stabilization of proteins.

144. The graph shows an endothermic reaction where substrate is converted to


product with energy A in presence of enzyme and energy B in absence of
enzyme. It shows that the enzyme speeds up a reaction.

145. Stalled replication fork activates check point M and results in cancer
formation.

146. Here, column shows the different stages of meiosis while column shows
the processes which occurs in each stage. Crossing over in seen in the

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pachytene stage, metaphase I shows chromosomes aligning at the


equatorial plate, diakinesis is when chiasmata is terminated and zygotene
stage is when the homologous chromosomes are paired.

147. The secretion of pancreatic juice and bicarbonate is regulated by


cholecystokinin and secretin.

148. The partial pressure of oxygen in alveoli is more than that of the partial
pressure of oxygen in blood only then the oxygen will diffuse in the blood.

149. Nociceptors are nerve cells which respond to pain. Meissners corpuscles
respond to light and receptors produce graded potentials.

150. Graves disease is caused due to the hypersecretion of the thyroid gland.
It is an immune system disorder which results in hyperthyroidism.

151. Calcium ions bind to troponin and tropomysoin on the actin filaments
which changes the three dimensional shape of the actintroponin
tropomyosin complex, and the active site for myosin present on the actin
filament is exposed. Myosin then binds to the active site on the actin
filament and forms the cross-bridge.

152. Thrombocytes are blood platelets which are responsible for the blood
clotting. In case there number is reduced, the clotting of blood will not
occur at normal rate and there could be the excessive loss of blood from
the body.

153. Insulin is a peptide hormone made of 51 amino acids. When there is rise
in blood glucose level, it is secreted by the -cells of pancreas. Insulin
promotes glycogenesis in liver. It also enhances the glucose uptake by
the hepatocytes and adipocytes so that the blood glucose level is brought
to normal.

154. Decreased levels of oestrogen during menopause cause bone resorption.


Bone resorption overtakes the building of bones which makes the bones
weak, porous and fragile. Oestrogen regulates the osteoclasts, the cells
which build new bones. With decreased level of oestrogen, the number of
these cells is also reduced.

155. Serum does not have clotting factors. It also does not contain blood
corpuscles.

156. Lungs do not collapse between breaths and some air always remains in
the lungs which can never be expelled because there is negative
intrapleural pressure pulling at the lung walls.

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It is the pressure created by the two opposing elastic forces pulling on the
intrapleural space.

157. The hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary are synthesised by the
neurons of in the hypothalamus. These hormones are stored in the axon
ends present in the posterior pituitary and are released from there.

158. Sodium ions are actively reabsorbed in the distal convoluted tubule. In
the proximal convoluted tubule sodium ions are reabsorbed by facilitated
diffusion and cotransport.

159. LNG-20 is hormone releasing IUD. This makes the uterus unsuitable for
implantation. It also makes the cervix hostile for the sperms.
Multiload 375 is a copper releasing IUD and Lippes loop a type of inert IUD.

160. Vasectomy is the surgical removal of the part of vas deferens in males.
Since the vas deferens is cut, the sterility becomes irreversible. The
vasectomy prevents the sperms to reach the urethra and hence, the
semen of the male undergone vasectomy will not contain any sperms.
Epididymis is a passage between the testis and the vas deferens; hence even
after vasectomy it will contain sperms.

161. Blastomere more than 8 celled stage is always transferred to the embryo
during in-vitro fertilisation.

162. The correct pathway of sperms is


seminiferous tubule tubulus rectus rete testis efferent ductile
epididymis vas deferens ejaculatory duct urethra

163. In photosynthesis
Column I Column II (Correct Match)
a. Mons pubis (iii) Female external genitalia
b. Antrum (iv) Graafian follicle
c. Trophectoderm (i) Embryo formation
d. Nebenkern (ii) Sperm

Mons pubis It is a part of female external genitalia. It is a fatty tissue


covered by skin and pubic hair.
Antrum It is the follicular cavity of the Graafian follicle. It is filled with the
follicular fluid.
Trophectoderm It is a layer of blastocyst which divides into
extraembryonic foetal membranes chorion and amnion.
Nebenkern The helical middle piece of the sperm.

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164. The placenta is formed by the maternal and foetal tissues. hCG, hPL,
estrogen, progesterone are produced by the placenta.
hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) enlarges the corpus luteum.
hPL (human placental lactogen) stimulates the mammary glands
Estrogen and progesterone are responsible for the changes in females during
pregnancy.

165. Colour-blindness is x-linked disorder. Since it is a cross between the


colour blind father and homozygous female with normal vision, the
genotype of the son will be XY. Hence the probability of the son being
colour blind will be zero.

166. Genetic drift is the sudden and random changes occurring in the allele
frequency in the small populations which are isolated.

167. The Hardy-Weinberg equation is:


(p + q) = p + 2 pq + q = 1 = Gene frequency of the total population,
where,
p = frequency of occurrence of individuals with homozygous dominant
alleles (AA)
2pq = frequency of occurrence of heterozygous individuals (Aa)
q= frequency of occurrence of individuals with homozygous recessive alleles
(aa)

168. The chronological order of human evolution from early to the recent is
Ramapithecus Australopithecus Homo habilis Homo erectus
Ramapithecus: Earliset man-like primate, late Miocee and early Pliocene era
They lived about 10-15 million years ago.
Australopithecus: First African ape man. Late Pliocene and early Pleistocene
era. They lived about 5 million years ago.
Homo habilis: Pleistocene era. They lived about 3-5 million years ago.
Homo erectus: Pleistocene era. They lived about 1.7 million years ago

169. Synthesis of organic monomers Synthesis of organic polymers


Formation of protobionts Formation of DNA-based genetic systems

170. The features of genetic material are:


It should be able to express in the form of Medelian characters
It should be able to replicate
It should structurally and chemically stable
It should undergo gradual modifications required for evolution

171. DNA dependent RNA polymerase binds on the promoter site of the
template strand and unwinds the DNA double helix for the initiation of
transcription.

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RNA is always transcribed in 5 3 direction, hence the 3 to 5 DNA strand is


used which is called the template strand.

172. Interspecific hybridization takes place between the two different species
which are normally from the same genus.

173. HIV virus is round in shape with an envelope. The envelop encloses one
single strand of RNA and one strand of reverse transcriptase.

174. Mackerel is a marine fish and its has the rich content of omega-3-fatty
acids.

175. The right side column I are the products obtained from the microbes
commercially given in column II.
Column I Column II (Correct Match)
a. Citric acid (iii) Apsergillus
b. Cyclosporin A (i) Trichoderma
c. Statins (iv) Monascus
d. Butyric acid (ii) Clostridium

176. Petroleum industries release huge amount of effluents every day which
results in BOD.

177. Gauses competitive exclusion principle states that two closely related
species competing for the same resources cannot co-exist indefinitely and
the competitively inferior will be eliminated eventually.

178. Hangul or the musk deer is the native species to India. It is found in the
valleys of Kashmir. The Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir is
home to the musk deer.

179. Rich organic waste in a lake results in eutrophication. In eutrophication,


the organic remains begin to deposit at the bottom of the lake. Silt and
organic debris pile up, the lake grows shallower and warmer. It finally
turns into a land.

180. The highest DDT concentration in an aquatic food chain shall occur in the
sea gull. It is an example of biomagnification. Biomagnification is increase
in the concentration of toxic substances at successive trophic levels.

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