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Scopes of SSPC Surface Preparation Standards and Specifications#SPCOM Page 1 of 8

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Scopes of SSPC Surface Preparation Standards Search Terms


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Archives This Surface Preparation Commentary is intended to be an aid in
Coatings talk selecting the proper surface preparation method, materials, and SSPC Standards
specification for steel, other metals, and concrete. This Commentary is * Surface Prep Sta
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Find a QP Contractor copies through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the
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Forms, etc. latest edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual,
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NEPCOAT SSPC-SP 1, Solvent Cleaning
NTPEP
NTPEP Data Mine
November 1, 1982
Coatings Links Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004
Coating & Lining Mfrs.
Industrial Contractors
Equipment Suppliers This specification covers the requirements for the solvent cleaning of
Government steel surfaces.
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Add A Link Solvent cleaning is a method for removing all visible oil, grease, soil,
more... drawing and cutting compounds, and other soluble contaminants from
What's New Online steel surfaces.
Tech Features
Members Only It is intended that solvent cleaning be used prior to the application of
Online Tools & Links paint, and in conjunction with surface preparation methods specified for
Forms & Downloads the removal of rust, mill scale, or paint.
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Site Map SSPC-SP 1 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards, guides,
and specifications that members can access through the new SSPC
Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF copies
through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the latest
edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual, Volume 2,
available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

SSPC-SP 2, Hand Tool Cleaning

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November 1, 1982
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This standard covers the requirements for hand tool cleaning steel
surfaces.

Hand tool cleaning is a method of preparing steel surfaces by the use of


non-power hand tools.

Hand tool cleaning removes all loose mill scale, loose rust, loose paint,
and other loose detrimental foreign matter. It is not intended that
adherent mill scale, rust, and paint be removed by this process. Mill
scale, rust, and paint are considered adherent if they cannot be removed
by lifting with a dull putty knife.

SSPC-SP 2 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards, guides,


and specifications that members can access through the new SSPC
Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF copies
through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the latest
edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual, Volume 2,
available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 2 surfaces can be found in the recently revised


and expanded SSPC-VIS 3, Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel
Surfaces Prepared by Hand and Power Tool Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 3, Power Tool Cleaning

November 1, 1982
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This specification covers the requirements for power tool cleaning of


steel surfaces.

Power tool cleaning is a method of preparing steel surfaces by the use of


power assisted hand tools.

Power tool cleaning removes all loose mill scale, loose rust, loose paint,
and other loose detrimental foreign matter. It is not intended that
adherent mill scale, rust, and paint be removed by this process. Mill
scale, rust, and paint are considered adherent if they cannot be removed
by lifting with a dull putty knife.

SSPC-SP 3 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards, guides,


and specifications that members can access through the new SSPC
Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF copies
through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the latest
edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual, Volume 2,
available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 3 surfaces can be found in the recently revised


and expanded SSPC-VIS 3, Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel
Surfaces Prepared by Hand and Power Tool Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 5/NACE No. 1, White Metal Blast Cleaning

September 1, 2000
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

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This joint standard covers the requirements for white metal blast
cleaning of unpainted or painted steel surfaces by the use of abrasives.
These requirements include the end condition of the surface and
materials and procedures necessary to achieve and verify the end
condition.

A white metal blast cleaned surface, when viewed without magnification,


shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, dirt, mill scale, rust, coating,
oxides, corrosion products, and other foreign matter.

SSPC-SP 5 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards, guides,


and specifications that members can access through the new SSPC
Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF copies
through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the latest
edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual, Volume 2,
available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 5 surfaces can be found in SSPC-VIS 1, Guide


and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive
Blast Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 6/NACE No. 3, Commercial Blast Cleaning

September 1, 2000
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This joint standard covers the requirements for commercial blast


cleaning of unpainted or painted steel surfaces by the use of abrasives.
These requirements include the end condition of the surface and
materials and procedures necessary to achieve and verify the end
condition.

A commercial blast cleaned surface, when viewed without magnification,


shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, dirt, mill scale, rust, coating,
oxides, corrosion products, and other foreign matter, except for staining
as noted.

Random staining shall be limited to no more than 33 percent of each unit


area of surface as defined, and may consist of light shadows, slight
streaks, or minor discolorations caused by stains of rust, stains of mill
scale, or stains of previously applied coating.

SSPC-SP 6 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards, guides,


and specifications that members can access through the new SSPC
Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF copies
through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the latest
edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual, Volume 2,
available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 6 surfaces can be found in SSPC-VIS 1, Guide


and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive
Blast Cleaning, and in SSPC-VIS 5/NACE VIS 9, Guide and Reference
Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 7/NACE No. 4, Brush-Off Blast Cleaning

September 1, 2000
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This joint standard covers the requirements for brush-off blast cleaning

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of unpainted or painted steel surfaces by the use of abrasives. These


requirements include the end condition of the surface and materials and
procedures necessary to achieve and verify the end condition.

A brush-off blast cleaned surface, when viewed without magnification,


shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dirt, dust, loose mill scale, loose
rust, and loose coating.

Tightly adherent mill scale, rust, and coating may remain on the surface.
Mill scale, rust, and coating are considered tightly adherent if they
cannot be removed by lifting with a dull putty knife after abrasive blast
cleaning has been performed.

SSPC-SP 7 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards, guides,


and specifications that members can access through the new SSPC
Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF copies
through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the latest
edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual, Volume 2,
available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 7 surfaces can be found in SSPC-VIS 1, Guide


and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive
Blast Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 8, Pickling

November 1, 1982
Editorial Changes September 1, 2000

This specification covers the requirements for the pickling of steel


surfaces.

Pickling is a method of preparing steel surfaces by chemical reaction,


electrolysis, or both. The surfaces when viewed without magnification
shall be free of all visible mill scale and rust.

SSPC-SP 8 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards, guides,


and specifications that members can access through the new SSPC
Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF copies
through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the latest
edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual, Volume 2,
available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2, Near-White Blast Cleaning

September 1, 2000
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This joint standard covers the requirements for near-white blast cleaning
of unpainted or painted steel surfaces by the use of abrasives. These
requirements include the end condition of the surface and materials and
procedures necessary to achieve and verify the end condition.

A near-white metal blast cleaned surface, when viewed without


magnification, shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, dirt, mill scale,
rust, coating, oxides, corrosion products, and other foreign matter,
except for staining as noted.

Random staining shall be limited to no more than 5 percent of each unit


area of surface as defined, and may consist of light shadows, slight

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streaks, or minor discolorations caused by stains of rust, stains of mill


scale, or stains of previously applied coating.

SSPC-SP 10 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards,


guides, and specifications that members can access through the new
SSPC Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF
copies through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the
latest edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual,
Volume 2, available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 10 surfaces can be found in SSPC-VIS 1, Guide


and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive
Blast Cleaning, and in SSPC-VIS 5/NACE VIS 9, Guide and Reference
Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Wet Abrasive Blast Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal

November 1, 1987
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This standard covers the requirements for power tool cleaning to produce
a bare metal surface and to retain or produce a minimum 25 micrometer
(1.0 mil) surface profile.

This standard is suitable where a roughened, clean, bare metal surface is


required, but where abrasive blasting is not feasible or permissible.

This standard differs from SSPC-SP 3, Power Tool Cleaning, in that


SSPC-SP 3 requires only the removal of loosely adherent materials, and
does not require producing or retaining a surface profile.

This standard differs from SSPC-SP 15, Commercial Grade Power Tool
Cleaning, in that SSPC-SP 15 allows stains of rust, paint, or mill scale to
remain on the surface. SSPC-SP 11 only allows materials to remain at
the bottom of pits.

SSPC-SP 11 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards,


guides, and specifications that members can access through the new
SSPC Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF
copies through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the
latest edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual,
Volume 2, available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 11 surfaces can be found in the recently


revised and expanded SSPC-VIS 3, Guide and Reference Photographs for
Steel Surfaces Prepared by Hand and Power Tool Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 12/NACE No. 5, Surface Preparation and Cleaning of


Metals by Waterjetting Prior to Recoating

Revised July 2002

This standard describes the use of waterjetting to achieve a defined


degree of cleaning of surfaces prior to the application of a protective
coating or lining system. These requirements include the end condition of
the surface plus materials and procedures necessary to verify the end
condition. This standard is limited in scope to the use of water only.

This standard is written primarily for applications in which the substrate


is carbon steel. However, waterjetting can be used on nonferrous

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substrates such as bronze, aluminum, and other metals such as stainless


steel. This standard does not address the cleaning of concrete. Cleaning
of concrete is discussed in SSPC SP-13/NACE No. 6.

SSPC-SP 12 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards,


guides, and specifications that members can access through the new
SSPC Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF
copies through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the
latest edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual,
Volume 2, available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting conditions defined by SP 12 can be found in


SSPC-VIS 4/NACE VIS 7, Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel
Surfaces Prepared by Waterjetting.

SSPC-SP 13/NACE No. 6, Surface Preparation of Concrete

Approved 1997
Reaffirmed March 17, 2003

This standard gives requirements for surface preparation of concrete by


mechanical, chemical, or thermal methods prior to the application of
bonded protective coating or lining systems.

The requirements of this standard are applicable to all types of


cementitious surfaces including cast-in-place concrete floors and walls,
precast slabs, masonry walls, and shotcrete surfaces.

An acceptable prepared concrete surface should be free of contaminants,


laitance, loosely adhering concrete, and dust, and should provide a
sound, uniform substrate suitable for the application of protective
coating or lining systems.

When required, a minimum concrete surface strength, maximum surface


moisture content, and surface profile range should be specified in the
procurement documents (project specifications).

SSPC-SP 13 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards,


guides, and specifications that members can access through the new
SSPC Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF
copies through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the
latest edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual,
Volume 2, available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

SSPC-SP 14/NACE No. 8, Industrial Blast Cleaning

May 1, 1999
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This joint standard covers the requirements for industrial blast cleaning
of unpainted or painted steel surfaces by the use of abrasives. These
requirements include the end condition of the surface and materials and
procedures necessary to achieve and verify the end condition.

An industrial blast cleaned surface, when viewed without magnification,


shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, and dirt. Traces of tightly
adherent mill scale, rust, and coating residues are permitted to remain
on 10% of each unit area of the surface if they are evenly distributed.

The traces of mill scale, rust, and coating shall be considered tightly

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adherent if they cannot be lifted with a dull putty knife. Shadows,


streaks, and discolorations caused by stains of rust, stains of mill scale,
and stains of previously applied coating may be present on the
remainder of the surface.

SSPC-SP 14 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards,


guides, and specifications that members can access through the new
SSPC Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF
copies through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the
latest edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual,
Volume 2, available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 14 surfaces can be found in SSPC-VIS 1, Guide


and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive
Blast Cleaning.

SSPC-SP 15, Commercial Grade Power Tool Cleaning

May 1, 2002
Editorial Revisions November 1, 2004

This standard covers the requirements for power tool cleaning to provide
a commercial grade power tool cleaned steel surface, and to retain or
produce a minimum 25 micrometer (1.0 mil) surface profile.

A commercial grade power tool cleaned steel surface, when viewed


without magnification, shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dirt, rust,
coating, oxides, mill scale, corrosion products, and other foreign matter,
except as noted.

Random staining shall be limited to no more than 33 percent of each unit


area of surface as defined. Staining may consist of light shadows, slight
streaks, or minor discolorations caused by stains of rust, stains of mill
scale, or stains of previously applied coating. Slight residues of rust and
paint may also be left in the bottoms of pits if the original surface is
pitted.

This standard differs from SSPC-SP 3, Power Tool Cleaning, in that a


higher degree of surface cleanliness is required, and a minimum surface
profile of 25 micrometers (1.0 mil) will be retained or produced.

This standard differs from SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare
Metal, in that stains of rust, paint, or mill scale may remain on the
surface.

SSPC-SP 15 is one of the complete collection of SSPC standards,


guides, and specifications that members can access through the new
SSPC Members Only Download Area. Nonmembers can purchase PDF
copies through SSPC Online Standards Store. It can also be found in the
latest edition of Systems and Specifications, SSPC Painting Manual,
Volume 2, available through the SSPC Online Bookstore.

Photographs depicting SP 15 surfaces can be found in the recently


revised and expanded SSPC-VIS 3, Guide and Reference Photographs for
Steel Surfaces Prepared by Hand and Power Tool Cleaning.

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