10 views

Uploaded by Dyvison Pimentel

Paramgnetismo

- tmp1043.tmp
- Laurie Spiegel: Grassroots Technologist | NewMusicBox
- Brother P-touch PT-2420PC service manual.pdf
- PT1000 Brother
- Leon Balents and Joel Moore- Z2 Structure of the Quantum Spin Hall Effect
- Vedams eBooks _ Vedic Parti..
- Bertone-Behind the scenes of the universe-2013.pdf
- Commodore Power-Play 1983 Issue 05 V2 N02 Summer
- HOUSE HEARING, 113TH CONGRESS - A REVIEW OF THE P5: THE U.S. VISION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS AFTER DISCOVERY OF THE HIGGS BOSON
- Cyclotron
- Imp Fe3 Doped In2O3
- Full Text
- LHC
- Throwing Stones at the Foundations
- Revised SPC Manual 04.30.2014
- Dymo Industrial
- Science Special - Great Questions
- Peer Teaching
- Manual Xl1
- [電動機械L4c補充教材]UON Dr Jonathan Goss Ferromagnetism

You are on page 1of 2

Ali Shakouri

Chapter 8

8.3 Pauli spin paramagnetism

Paramagnetism in metals depends on the number of conduction electrons that can flip their spins and

align with the applied magnetic field. These electrons are near the Fermi level EF, and their number is

determined by the density of states g(EF) at EF. Since each electron has a spin magnetic moment of ,

paramagnetic susceptibility can be shown to be given by

para o 2 g(EF) Pauli spin paramagnetism

where the density of states is given by Equation 4.10 (in the textbook). The Fermi energy of calcium,

EF, is 4.68 eV. Evaluate the paramagnetic susceptibility of calcium and compare with the

experimental value of 1.9 10-5.

Solution

3

m

g (E ) = (8 2 ) 2e

2

Apply, E (Equation 4.10)

h

3

2

9.109 10 31 kg

so that g (E F ) = (8 2 ) 2 (4.68 eV)(1.602 10 19 J/eV )

(6.626 10 J s)

34

g (E F ) = 9.197 10

46 -1 3

J m

Then, para o 2 g(EF)

para (4 107 Wb A -1 m-1 )(9.273 10 24 A m 2 ) (9.199 10 46 J1 m 3 )

2

This is in reasonable agreement within an order of magnitude with the experimental value of 1.9 10-5.

Consider dysprosium (Dy), which is a rare earth metal with a density of 8.54 g cm-3 and atomic mass

of 162.50 g mol-1. The isolated atom has the electron structure [Xe] 4f106s2. What is the spin

magnetic moment in the isolated atom in terms of number of Bohr magnetons? If the saturation

magnetization of Dy near absolute zero of temperature is 2.4 MA m1, what is the effective number of

spins per atom in the ferromagnetic state? How does this compare with the number of spins in the

isolated atom? What is the order of magnitude for the exchange interaction in eV per atom in Dy if

the Curie temperature is 85 K?

Solution

In an isolated Dy atom, the valence shells will fill in accordance with the exchange interaction:

4f10 6s2

8.1

EE145 Spring 2002 Homework 8 Solution Prof. Ali Shakouri

Obviously, there are 4 unpaired electrons. Therefore for an isolated Dy atom, the spin

magnetic moment = 4.

Atomic concentration in dysprosium (Dy) solid is (where is the density, NA is Avogadros

number and Mat is the atomic mass):

nat =

N A

=

(8.54 10 3

kg/m3 )(6.022 1023 mol-1)

= 3.165 1028 m 3

3

Mat 162.50 10 kg/mol

Suppose that each atom contributes x Bohr magnetons, then

Msat = nat x

Msat 2.4 10 6 A/m

x= = 2 = 8.18

nat (3.165 10 m )(9.273 10 Am )

28 3 24

This is almost twice the net magnetic moment in the isolated atom. Suppose that the Dy atom in

the solid loses all the 4 electrons that are paired into the "electron gas" in the solid. This would make

Dy+4 have 8 unpaired electrons and a net spin magnetic moment of 8 (this is an oversimplified view).

Exchange interaction kTC = (8.617 105 eV/K)(85 K) = 0.00732 eV

The order of magnitude of exchange interaction ~ 10-2 eV/atom for Dy (small).

a. Consider the storage of video information (FM signal) on a video tape. Suppose that the maximum

signal frequency to be recorded as a spatial magnetic pattern is 10 MHz. The heads helically scan

the tape, and the relative velocity of the tape to head is about 10 m s-1. What is the minimum

spatial wavelength of the stored magnetic pattern (information) on the tape?

b. Suppose that the speed of an audio cassette tape in a cassette player is 5 cm s-1. If the maximum

frequency that needs to be recorded is 20 kHz, what is the minimum spatial wavelength on the

tape?

Solution

a Consider a video tape. The maximum frequency in the signal is fvideo = 10 MHz. The speed of

the video tape is 10 m/s. The spatial wavelength is

= v/fvideo = (10 m/s) / (10 106 s-1) = 10-6 m or 1 m

By comparison, typically, a page of a book is 50 - 100 m thick and so is a typical human hair.

b Consider an audio tape. The maximum frequency in the signal is faudio = 20 kHz. The speed of

the video tape is 0.05 m/s. The spatial wavelength is

5 102 m/s

= = 2.5 10-6 m or 2.5 m

20 103 Hz

This is a spatial wavelength of 2.5 m on the tape.

8.2

- tmp1043.tmpUploaded byFrontiers
- Laurie Spiegel: Grassroots Technologist | NewMusicBoxUploaded bytrenino1662
- Brother P-touch PT-2420PC service manual.pdfUploaded byMaxim100
- PT1000 BrotherUploaded byPZ
- Leon Balents and Joel Moore- Z2 Structure of the Quantum Spin Hall EffectUploaded byPo48HSD
- Vedams eBooks _ Vedic Parti..Uploaded byDr.Ramakrishnan Srinivasan
- Bertone-Behind the scenes of the universe-2013.pdfUploaded byjediex
- Commodore Power-Play 1983 Issue 05 V2 N02 SummerUploaded bySteven D
- HOUSE HEARING, 113TH CONGRESS - A REVIEW OF THE P5: THE U.S. VISION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS AFTER DISCOVERY OF THE HIGGS BOSONUploaded byScribd Government Docs
- CyclotronUploaded byanand011
- Imp Fe3 Doped In2O3Uploaded byKamran Khan
- Full TextUploaded byNarayanraj Raj
- LHCUploaded byAnagha Chitale
- Throwing Stones at the FoundationsUploaded byIsh Dhand
- Revised SPC Manual 04.30.2014Uploaded byVinicius Passos
- Dymo IndustrialUploaded byHarris Sougleris
- Science Special - Great QuestionsUploaded byphoenixhou9157
- Peer TeachingUploaded byPipit Rostika
- Manual Xl1Uploaded bymamuka23
- [電動機械L4c補充教材]UON Dr Jonathan Goss FerromagnetismUploaded byjestamil
- Sony Cfd z500 z501 z550 Service ManualUploaded byOscar Dalis
- magnetikUploaded byasiyah
- Sound EditorsUploaded byvkris71
- K. Vos et al- The Calculation of Magnetic Field Penetration in Superconductors Using a Landau-Ginzburg ModelUploaded byHyves5995
- ApdUploaded byAntonio Saba
- lenz09Uploaded byKimanh Lethi
- BM#2Fall ReviewUploaded byAnthony Chan
- Ch40 Young FreedmanxUploaded byAndrew Merrill
- 561317b31c490f7fe8eb7d56191141b44ce7Uploaded byHema
- Quantization (Physics)Uploaded bypraveen

- 1101.0789Uploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- g319 Book LinuxUploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- AliasingUploaded byAbraham Jaime
- 2Uploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- 1.pdfUploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- Spin LiquidUploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- Spin LiquidUploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- Super ExchangeUploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- v03a16Uploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- Transição Metal IsolanteUploaded byDyvison Pimentel
- Eliashberg, E-p Interactions in SCs, Sov-Phys JETP 11, 696 (1960)Uploaded byDyvison Pimentel

- FaradayUploaded byEdwin Siza
- 21st Century FrogfootUploaded byYefim Gordon
- Ricoh AF 2035 2045 Service ManualUploaded byacecopyinc
- C4DPluginManualUploaded byRubenAlejandroVillarrealBarrios
- BN68-02034C-00L02-0319Uploaded byAbominabil Bestie
- A320Uploaded byVarun Kapoor
- MF636 USB Modem User ManualUploaded byurai922011
- MOCT .pptUploaded bySavyasachi Vats
- DWDM WhitepaperUploaded byCHENOI
- 0.3M Sensor OV7950Uploaded byquickieyandexru
- RelayUploaded byNithin John
- MTU1550Uploaded byDuy Kha
- Mb Manual Ga-b85m-Hd3 v2.x eUploaded byRisto Petkov
- 21 Rotary Tool Tips and Tricks for Automata-Makers – Dug’s Tips 6 _ Cabaret Mechanical TheatreUploaded bydave
- Satellite PptUploaded byAshish Baldi
- PS2 ControllerUploaded byDao Xuan
- tc-electronic-toneprint-editor-manual-english.pdfUploaded byTimotej Jerman
- 13 Yaskawa HP20D-6axis (1).pdfUploaded byAlejandro Tapia
- Manual de Servicio Samsung GS I9300Uploaded byPedro Bancayan
- c29 Je y(St)y BdUploaded byNarendra Reddy Bhuma
- Pipelined Floating-Point Arithmetic Unit (FPU) for Advanced Computing Systems using FPGAUploaded byali70ymail
- Manual SamsungUploaded byCiprian Marius
- HUAWEI GSM BTS3900 Hardware Structure-20080728-ISSUE4.0Uploaded byBadr Amer
- InfoUploaded byIngJuanCarlosBolañoMartinez
- Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Fundamentals Configuration Guide Release 4-2 Chapter7Uploaded byfalberto08
- Suzuki 56110-65JG4 ABS Brake Assy With ESP on Grand Vitara JT Type2 2005-Uploaded by2bjorn
- Best U102eUploaded byPurcellMurray
- CM P1 11643 en SKF Microlog Accessories CatalogUploaded byJeffersonDeOliveiraFerreira
- newbay_dv_201305Uploaded byCristiano Vicenti
- High Frequency Active Auroral Research ProgramUploaded bybiswajit_k25724