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ESE-2017 PRELIMS TEST SERIES

Date: 20th November, 2016

ANSWERS

1. (a) 21. (b) 41. (b) 61. (a) 81. (c) 101. (b)

2. (b) 22. (a) 42. (a) 62. (b) 82. (d) 102. (a)

3. (d) 23. (a) 43. (a) 63. (c) 83. (d) 103. (b)

4. (d) 24. (a) 44. (b) 64. (a) 84. (d) 104. (c)

5. (c) 25 (b) 45. (a) 65. (a) 85. (d) 105. (b)

6. (d) 26. (b) 46. (c) 66. (c) 86. (a) 106. (a)

7. (d) 27. (c) 47. (b) 67. (d) 87. (d) 107. (a)

8. (c) 28. (c) 48. (b) 68. (c) 88. (a) 108. (d)

9. (d) 29. (a) 49. (d) 69. (c) 89. (d) 109. (d)

10. (d) 30. (d) 50. (d) 70. (c) 90. (b) 110. (d)

11. (b) 31. (a) 51. (d) 71. (d) 91. (a) 111. (c)

12. (d) 32. (a) 52. (c) 72. (d) 92. (c) 112. (c)

13. (d) 33. (a) 53. (a) 73. (c) 93. (d) 113. (d)

14. (d) 34. (b) 54. (c) 74. (b) 94. (d) 114. (c)

15. (d) 35. (a) 55. (b) 75. (c) 95. (a) 115. (d)

16. (a) 36. (d) 56. (b) 76. (c) 96. (a) 116. (d)

17. (a) 37. (d) 57. (c) 77. (a) 97. (b) 117. (d)

18. (b) 38. (d) 58. (d) 78. (d) 98. (a) 118. (a)

19. (b) 39. (a) 59. (d) 79. (d) 99. (a) 119. (a)

20. (b) 40. (c) 60. (b) 80. (d) 100. (a) 120. (c)
(2) (Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November

1. (a) Iron is exits in allotropy form -ferrite Creep effect is influenced by temperature. It is
posses BCC structure) which is magnetic appreciable at temperature above 0.4 Tm.
around 768C above which it became
Where Tm = melting point.
nonmagnetic.
So material which have low melting point
2. (b) temperature is prone to creep effect.

Ductile to brittle transition is a limiting state e.g. Zn whose creep rate is considerable at
between ductile and brittle behavior of material. 4C only.
This behavior is fixed by a temperature which is While increasing stress and temperature in
termed as ductile-brittle transition temperature metal speed up the rate of creep. Because here
tds. the total strain is large and creep fracture occurs
For metal it is around 0.1 - 0.2 Tm, for ceramics of lesser time.
it is around 0.5 - 0.7 Tm
11. (b)
where Tm = melting temperature

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Addition of Si in cast iron promotes the formation
of free graphite which make it soft for machining
3. (d)
and parallely increase brittleness.
All malleable material are not ductile because

E
As flake form is more susceptible to brittle rather
they may lack the strength to withstand tensile
than modular form which is succeptible to ductile
loading. But all ductile material are malleable.
properties. Fluidity may cause enhance in the
4. (d)
Impact testing is performed to check ductile to T machining property of cast iron.
S
12. (d)
brittle transition of material and for it thoughness
is criteria to decide. 13. (d)
A
Both mechanical and electrical properties of
5. (c) Charpy test is done for low temperature
metals such as yield, fracture strength, electrical
(29C to 186C) to check the toughness
M

conductivity are adversely affected by schottky


of material while Izod is conducted at
room temperature and above. defect (this is because of the defect of cation
and anion vacancy) so these are structure
6. (d) sensitive properties but other defects like melting
point, specific head, coefficient of thermal
In Izod impact testing test specimen is kept as
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expansion are mass independent properties.


cantilever while in charpy test same is kept as
simply supported beam.
14. (d)
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7. (d)
15. (d) Creep is a phenomenon in which slow
Ductile material are tested by bend test plastic or permanent deformation occur
extremely ductile material are seldom tested in under the application of constant or dead
compression because the test sample is load.
constrained by friction at the point of contact.
16. (a) Ferrimagnetic materials or ferrites are
8. (c) magnetic in nature which is due to spin
moments of parallel aligned atoms which
In Brinell hardness test both sinking effect and
give the resultant field in one direction. If
piling up effect occur.
they are anti parallel then not magnetic
Sinking effect is found in magnesium steel while moment will be zero.
piling up effect is found in lead, Sn, Mg.
17. (a) Semiconductor is defined as a material
9. (d) whose conductivity falls intermediate
between that of conductor (106 to 108
10. (d) ohm1 m1) and that of dielectric (insulter

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(Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November 2016 (3)

: 1020 to 108 ohm1 m1) where ohm1 It will provide one time establishment grant-
m1 is per ohm per meter. in-aid of Rs. 10 lakh for establishing Atal
So, in option (a) 103 ohm1 cm1 is equal Tinkering Laboratories (ATL) in schools
to 105 ohm1 m1 (grade VI XII) across India. AIM will also
provide financial support to academic and
In option (b) 106 ohm1 cm1 is equal to
non-academic institutions (companies/
108 ohm1 cm1
technology parks/group of individuals) to
which is for insulator. establish new incubation centres across
So, option (a) is true. India.

18. (b) (i) Structure of Si, Ge is diamond cubic 23. (a) An asteroid named 2016RB1 has made a
in which each silicon atom is close - but safe - encounter with the Earth.
tetrahedrally coordinated with four The 7-16 meter wide asteroid was first
similar atoms. spotted on September 5, 2016. The
(ii) Structure of semiconductor compound: asteroid came close at approximately

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most III-V (periodic table) compound 40,000 km (23,900 miles) of the planet,
semi conductor crystallize in zinc which is about one-tenth the average
blende (tetrahedral) structure. The distance between Earth and the moon.

E
tetrahedral bonds are formed between Scientists have predicted that it was the
two different types of atoms. Each atom closest the asteroid would come near the
is coordinated with four atoms of other Earth for atleast the next 50 years.

T
type the nature of bond is partially ionic
and partially Covalent
S 24. (a)

19. (b)
A
20. (b)

H = H0
M

Paramagnetic material
S

M = + M0
25 (b) Finance Bill defines KKC as a service tax
on all or any of the taxable services at the
rate of 0.5 percent on the value of such
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H = H0 services for the purposes of financing and


promoting initiativ es to improv e
agricultureorforanyotherpurposerelating
Diamagnetic material thereto. A tax of 0.5% translates into a
tax of 50 paisa on every one hundred rupees
worth of taxable services. This cess is
M = M0 levied in addition to any cess or Service
Tax levied at present, like, Swachh Bharat
CessKrishiKalyanCess is different from the
21. (b) 33 per cent reservations would be provided
Krishi Kalyan Surcharge which is
for women in all paramilitary forces,
announced by the Government in the
including Central Industrial Security Force
sameUnionBudget,2016-17.
(CISF). Currently women share in the force
stood at just 5.04 per cent.
26. (b) Carolina Marin beat PV Sindhu in three
games to win badminton woman singles
22. (a) Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) will establish
gold in Rio Olympics 2016.PV Sindhu won
500 Atal Tinkering Laboratories in schools.
a first game against Carolina Marin 21-19

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(4) (Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November

but the Spanish World No.1 won the next 34. (b) In neem coated urea, every granule of urea
two 21-12, 21-15 and became the new has a coating of neem oil which slows
Olympic womens badminton champion at down the rate of dissolution of urea in the
Rio. soil.

27. (c) Viruses dont haveacellular structureor 35. (a) Private member bill:
their own metabolism; they needahost When a bill is introduced by a Member
cell to reproduce. Viruses live and replicate other than a Minister of the Government.
inside of a human cell, they cannot live
President can use his powers of absolute
outside of a human cell. Viruses insert
veto & can reject the bill , provided bill
their genetic material into a human cells
comes for tabling in the house before
DNA in order to reproduce. Antibiotics
presidential recommendation
cannot kill viruses because viruses have
different mechanisms and machinery to Every member can introduce a bill only for
survive and replicate. The antibiotic has 4 times a year

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no target to attack in a virus. However,
antiviral medications and vaccines are 36. (d)
specific for viruses. Vaccines stimulate
37. (d)

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your own immune system to produce
antibodies, which then go out and
recognize the virus to inactivate it before 38. (d)
it can cause disease. The best way to
help prev ent the flu, shingles and
chickenpox is with a vaccine. T
S
28. (c)
A
29. (a)
Total Forest Cover
M

Chhattisgarh 55,621
Madhya Pradesh 77,522
Maharashtra 50,632
Arunachal Pradesh 67,321
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30. (d)
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31. (a)
39. (a) SAARC has secretariat at Kathmandu,
32. (a) Nepal.
33. (a) Integrated Power Development Scheme
(IPDS) will extend financial assistance 40. (c)
against capital expenditure to bridge the
gap in sub transmission & distribution 41. (b) The ordinance effecting an amendment to
network and metering in urban areas to the Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Act 1994,
supplement the resources of DISCOMs/ has made it mandatory for candidates
Power Deptt. Technical clearance for the contesting zilaparishad and panchayat
proposed works has already been obtained, samiti polls to be Class X pass and those
while invitation of tenders from prospective contesting sarpanch elections to be Class
bidders is still pending. VIII pass. In scheduled areas the eligibility
has been fixed at Class V pass.
All Discoms including private Discoms and
State Power Departments will be eligible The minimum education required for
for financial assistance under this scheme. eligibility to contest in a Haryana
panchayat election is completion of

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(Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November 2016 (5)

matriculation in case of general candidates; 57. (c)


completion of Class 8 for a woman
candidate or a candidate belonging to 58. (d)
Scheduled Caste; and completion of Class
5 pass for a Scheduled Caste woman 59. (d)
candidate contesting for the post of Panch.
60. (b) Ecomark was launched in 1991 to
42. (a) Amended articles 45 and 51A of the Indian encourage direct consumers to buy
constitutionon 12 December 2002.Inserted products which had less harmf ul
article 21A.Provides Right to Education environmental impact.
until the age of fourteen and early childhood The Green Rating Project (GRP) assesses
care until the age of six. aims to reduce the impact of industrial
activity on the environment.
43. (a)
Urban Services Environmental Rating
System (USERS) Project, by UNDP

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44. (b) it is the best decision as he will be legally
measures the environmental performance
protected and also morally learn the lesson
of local bodies in basic service delivery.
of being honest

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Greenex is Indias first carbon-efficient live
45. (a) professionalism ,it is the best as it index. It has been developed by the BSE.
includes the ethical as well as technical

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competence. 61. (a) A group of individual animals of same
species in a given area is called a
46. (c) this decision will ensure your action at the population. A group of populations of
same time enquiry based on evidence will
S different species in a given area is called
ensure f airness towards your a community.
A
subordinate...he must also be given If all the species living together are studied
opportunity to be heard. as a group, then the study is called
synecology.
M

47. (b)
62. (b) Command area development is required to
48. (b) bring larger areas under perennial irrigation.
It also results in incidences of water borne
49. (d) diseases like malaria, filaria etc. Most such
projects result in submergence of large
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50. (d) relativism helps us accept the differences tracts of land as well.
in ethical standards in different societies.
63. (c) On completion of ten years of Rio process,
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51. (d) it is the best decision when you know you W orld Summit on Sustainable
are wrong. Development (WSSD) was held in 2002 at
Johannesburg, South Africa. Rio +20 was
52. (c) held at Rio de Jenerio in 2012 to mark 20
years of completion of the United Nations
53. (a) all are related to misuse of power or Conf erence on Env ironment and
authority ,lack of moral responsibility... Development.

54. (c) intutionism does not provide any rational 64. (a) Global dimming is the gradual reduction in
ground for decisions hence it is dependent the amount of global direct irradiance at
on the one who is doing it... theEarthssurface. Itisthought tohave
been caused by an increase
55. (b) lack of gender equality is not related to inparticulatessuchassulfateaerosolsin
it..directly the atmosphere due to human action.
Ocean Iron Fertilisation is intended to
56. (b) it is the best option. enhance biological productivity, which

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(6) (Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November

benefits marine food chain and reduces 69. (c)


CO2 from the atmosphere.
70. (c) The Indian Renewable Energy Development
65. (a) Agency (IREDA) is a Non-Banking
Financial Institution under the
66. (c) administrative control of this Ministry for
1. Alpha-diversity(Within-Communitydiver- providing term loans for renewable energy
sity) refers to the diverse organisms shar- and energy efficiency projects.
ing the same community/habitat.
2. Beta-diversity(Between-communitydiver- 71. (d)
sity) refers to the rate of replacement of
species along a gradient of habitats or 72. (d)
communities.
73. (c)
3. Gamma diversity (Overall) refers to the
diversity of habitats over the total land- log m + log m2 + log m3 + ... + log mn

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scape or geographical area. = log (m. m2 . m3 ...mn)
= log m(1 + 2 + 3 + ...n)
67. (d) The flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto

E
n(n 1)
Protocol were included for the first time in 2
the COP-6, held Bonn, Germany. Flexible = log(m)
mechanisms or Kyoto Mechanisms, refer
to Emissions Trading, the Clean
Dev elopment Mechanism and Joint
T =
n n 1
2
logm
S
Implementation.
74. (b)
1. Emissions trading (ET)-The Emissions
Each box can be filled in 2 ways.
Trading-mechanism allows parties to the
A
Kyoto Protocol to buy Kyoto units (emis- Hence, total no. of ways = 25 = 32
sion permits for greenhouse gas) from Blue balls cannot be filled in adjacent boxes
other countries to help meet their do-
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Total no. of such cases in which blue ball is


mestic emission reduction targets.
filled in 2 adjacent boxes is
2. Joint Implementation (JI)-Through the Joint
2 blue + 3 blue + 4 blue + 5 blue = 4 ways (12,
Implementation, any Annex I country (De-
veloped countries) can invest in emission 23, 34, 45) + 3 ways (123, 234, 345) + 2 ways
reduction projects (referred to as Joint (1234, 2345) + 1 way = 10 ways.
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Implementation Projects) in any other An- Hence, total cases in which blue balls can not
nex I country as an alternative to reduc- be filled in adjacent boxes = 32 10 = 22
ing emissions domestically.
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3. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)- 75. (c) Odds against a certain event = 5 : 2
Through the CDM, countries can meet
their domestic emission reduction targets 2 2
Probability of happening = =
by buying greenhouse gas reduction units 25 7
from (projects in) non Annex I countries Odds in favour of another event = 6 : 5
to the Kyoto protocol (mostly developing
countries). Non-Annex I countries have 6 6
no GHG emission restrictions, but have Probability of happening t= 6 5 =
11
financial incentives to develop GHG emis-
Hence, the probability that at least one of the
sion reduction projects to receive Certi-
fied Emission Reductions that can then 2 6 52
events will happen = 1 1 1 =
be sold to Annex I countries, encourag- 7 11 77
ing sustainable development.
76. (c) Let the capacity of the vessel be x litres.
68. (c)

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(Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November 2016 (7)
2 For n = 7 and d = 7, a = 1, which is not
x 10
Given x = 32 possible.
x
(x 10)2 = 32x 9 2
For n = 10 and d = 2, a = 14 5,
x2 52x + 100 = 0 2
which is possible.
(x 50)(x 2) = 0
x = 50,2 79. (d)
As the vessel has 32 litres of milk after 2 f (n 2) = 2f(n) f(n 1) .
replacements x > 32.
n = 0
x = 50 f (2) = 2f(0) f(1).
= 2 2 3
1 = 1
77. (a) The 50th term =
99 101 n = 1

R
f (3) = 2 f(1) f(2)
1 3
The given series = = 2 3 1
1 3 1 3 = 5

E
3 5 n = 2
...
f(4) = 2f(2) f(3)
3 5 3 5

T
= 2 1 5
99 101 = 3

99 101 99 101 n = 3
S f(5) = 2 f(3) f(4)
1 3 3 5 5 7 = 2 5 + 3
=
A
2 2 2 = 13
99 101
....
2 80. (d) Let x1/ p y1/ q z1/ r k
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1 x = kp, y = kq and z = kr
= 1 3 3 5 ... 99 101
2 Given xyz = 1 (i)
1 101 1 By putting the value of x, y, z in (i), we get
= 1 101
2 2 kp. kq.kr = 1
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101 1 = kp+q+r = k0
= p + q + r = 0
2
= k p q r = k 0
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78. (d) Let the age of n siblings be a, a + d, a p + q + r = 0


+ 2d, ........ a + (n 1)d
81. (c)
n
then 2a n 1 d = 140 1 1
2 T = 10; P =
T 10
280 1
2a + (n 1)d = q = 1 P = 1 0.9
n 10

140 1 n d Probability that this flood exceeds once during


a = the next ten years
n 2
10
For a to be an integer, n must divide 140 and = 1 qn 1 0.9 0.6513
1 n d
must be an integer.. 82. (d) Let the SP of the stockist = 100 (i.e. price
2
to dealer)
From the options, n = 7 or 10.
Price to retailer = 120

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(8) (Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November

Mark-up of retailer = 1.2 1


x 1
Marked price = 144 x x 13
=
Discounted price = 0.9 144 = 129.6 1 x 6
x 1
29.6 x
Percentage reduction = 129.6 100 13
1 1
1=
= 22.8% 1 x 6
1
x
Box 1 1 13
20 de fective 1=
83. (d) 1 x 6
80 non-defective 1
x
Probability that both the items are defective
1 13 1
1 1 = 1
20 19 x 6 x
= .
100 99
1 13 1

R
= 1
= 19 495 x 6 x

By squaring on both side, we get 169 x2 169x
Given logqp = 3, logq 8p = 4

E
84. (d)
+ 36 = 0
logq 8p 4 169 65
logq p = x =

logp 8p =
3
4
3 T x =
9
13
338

or
4
13
S
4
logp 8 + logp p =
3 88. (a)
A
logp 8 = 1/3. Given on the first day 1 man works.
8 = p1/3 Hence we get 1 man day.
p = 512
M

Similarly on the second day we get 2 man days


85. (d) Hence the total number of man days in n days
6 : 15 will be
n n 1
9 1 + 2 + 3 + ...... + n i.e.,
2
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6 : 15
It is given that the total work requires 600 man
2:5 days
Thus the ratio of B/W TV sets to the no. of colour
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TV sets = 2 : 5 n n 1 n n 1
= 600 For n = 34 , we get =
Therefore, no of B/W TV sets = 90 2 2
595
86. (a) C is one step ahead of B and the code In 34 days a total of 595 man days are
for CAT is 1 more than that for BAT. Thus, contributed.
the letters are coded by numerals denoting
their positions in the English alphabet. On the 35th day we get 35 man days but since
we need only 5 man days, it is sufficient if they
i.e. A = 1, B = 2, ....., Z = 26
work for 1/7th of that day.
So, BALL = B + A + L + L = 2 + 1 + 12 + 12 1
= 27. So, the total work will be completed in 34 day
7

89. (d)
x 1 x 13
87. (d) Given = (x 3) > 0 x>3
1 x x 6
and (2 x) > 0 and 2 x 1

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(Test-11 GS Solution) 20th November 2016 (9)

x < 2 and x 1 f''(x) = 1x


Clearly there is no single value for which these
inequalities are satisfied. Thus the set of its 1
f'' e 0
solutions is empty. e
1
f(x) has maximum value at x = e
90. (b)
1 1
Let the weights of three pieces be 5 g, 7 g and and max. value = f
e e
8 g.
So the total weight of the unbroken stone = 5 + 96. (a)
7 + 8 = 20 g. 1 1 1

The price of the stone is directly proportional to Let J = log x 1 dx log 1 x dx


0 0

the (weight)2. 1

2
So 6800 = k (20) . Hence, k = 17. log xdx
0
1 1

R
So value of the broken pieces are k (5)2, k = log xdx log x dx
0 0
(7)2 and k (82),
i.e. Rs. 425, Rs. 833, and Rs. 1,088 respectively. = 0

E
Hence, the total value of the broken pieces =
97. (b)
(425 + 833 + 1088) = Rs. 2,346.

T
So the total loss = 6800 2346 = Rs. 4,454.
1 ba 1
98. (a) a = 0,b = 2, f(x) = ,h=
91. (a) A is symmetry matrix and eigen values of 1 x n 2
a symmetry matrix are always real.
S
x 0 1 1 3 2
2 2
A
92. (c) 2 1 2 1
f(x) 1
3 2 5 3
4 7
M

A 0 & M111 = 0 or use Row By Tralezoidal Rule


16 26
Echeleem form of matrix
2 dx 12 1 1 2 2 1 2
0 1 x
2

3

3 2
= 1.1167
5
93. (d) Two straight lines can not intersect at
99. (a)
S

exactly two points.

1 cos2x
2
2sin x sin x 100. (a) Auxilary eq. is D2 + D 2 = 0
94. (d) lim lim lim
IE

x 0
2x x
2x x x D = 1, 2
sin x sin x Sol is y = c, e2x + c2 ex
L.H.S. lim lim 1
x 0 x x 0 x
101. (b) f(x) = x3 2, x0 = 1
sin x sin x
R.H.S. lim lim 1 f 1 1 4
x 0 x x 0 x x1 = 1 1
f 1 3 3
1 cos 2x
xlim
does not exist.
0 2x
7 7 4 196
102. (a) Required probability =
95. (a) f(x) = x log x , x 0, 1 64c 3 64c 3
f(x) = x log x, x 0, 1 x log x 0 for
103. (b)
x 0, 1
f '(x) = 1 log x = 0 104. (c) Given that P (x = 1) = P (x = 2)

x = 1e

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110. (d) The Internet of things is the internetworking
e 2 e 2 of physical devices, vehicles (also referred

1! 2! to as connected devices and smart
2 devices), buildings and other items
2 4
embedded with electronics, software,
e 2 2 sensors, actuators, and network
2
P(x = 4) = 4! 3e connectivity that enable these objects to
collect and exchange data. IoT is expected
105. (b) to offer advanced connectivity of devices,
2 systems, and services that goes beyond
1 t t t t
L 3 2
1
sin t dt cos t 1 machine-to-machine (M2M) communi-

s s 1 0 0 0 2 cations and covers a variety of protocols,

domains, and applications.
106. (a) 2016 Malware Infection Index for the Asia- The interconnection of these embedded
Pacific region was released by technology devices (including smart objects), is
giant Microsoft in which India was placed expected to usher in automation in nearly
at 8th position. all fields, while also enabling advanced
Pakistan has topped in the list of 19 applications like a smart grid, and
countries figuring in the Asia-Pacific region. expanding to the areas such as smart
cities. Things, in the IoT sense, can refer
107. (a) to a wide variety of devices such as heart
monitoring implants, biochip transponders
108. (d) The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an on farm animals, electric clams in coastal
agency of the Government of India, under waters, automobiles with built-in sensors,
the Ministry of Power created in March DNA analysis devices for environmental/
2002 under the provisions of the nations food/pathogen monitoring or field operation
2001 Energy Conservation Act. [1] The devices that assist firefighters in search
agencys function is to develop programs and rescue operations.
which will increase the conservation and
efficient use of energy in India. 111. (c)
The scheme is currently invoked for
112. (c)
appliances Room Air Conditioner, Ceiling
Fan, Colour Television, Computer, Direct
113. (d)
Cool Refrigerator, Distribution Transformer,
Domestic Gas Stov e, Frost Free
114. (c)
Refrigerator, General Purpose Industrial
Motor, Monoset Pump, Openwell
115. (d)
Submersible Pump Set, Stationary Type
Water Heater, Submersible Pump Set, Tfl,
Ballast, Solid State Inverter, Office 116. (d) A smart card, chip card, or integrated
Automation Products, Diesel Engine Driven circuit card (ICC) is any pocket-sized card
that has embedded integrated circuits.
Monosetpumps For Agricultural Purposes,
Diesel Generator Set, Led Lamps, Inverter Smart cards are made of plastic, generally
polyv inyl chloride, but sometimes
Ac.
polyethylene terephthalate based
109. (d) There are several uses of the 2.4 GHz polyesters, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene
band. Interference may occur between or polycarbonate.
devices operating at 2.4 GHz.Devices like
Phone, Bluetooth, Car alarm, Microwave 117. (d)
oven, Video devices, Wi-Finetworks, EIRP, 118. (a)
Wireless Microphones uses the same
bandwidth. 119. (a)

120. (c)