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BobbyGipsonisa9thgrademalestudent,whoreceivesinstructionprimarily

withinthegeneraledsettingandtwohoursadaywithinthespecialeducationsetting.He

hasaveragetoaboveaverageintelligenceandexcelsatmath.Bobbycurrently

demonstratesextremedifficultiesininteractingwithhispeersandteachers.Herefusesto

participateinsmallgroupworkorclassdiscussions,oftenbecomingcombative.Healso

isreceivingfailinggradesinclassasaresultofrefusaltocompleteorturnin

assignments.Heoftenbecomesverballyaggressiveandconfrontationalwhenpeersdo

notrespondtohisadvancesorheisconfrontedbyteachersregardinghiswork.

Afterreviewingtheinformationfromthedirectobservationanalysis,a

discrepancyanalysisandhiscasestudy,itseemsthatconversationalskillsandtask

completionskillsareofthehighestpriorityatthistime.Withregardtoconversational

skills,somespecificskillsthatneedtobeaddressedinclude:

Recognizinganopportunitytoenteraconversationandusingappropriate

strategiestoenter

Identifyingthetopicofconversationandspeakingtothattopic

Identifyingtopicsofinteresttoothersandspeakingtothosetopics

Acceptingfeedbackfromothersinasociallyacceptablemanner

Awarenessandunderstandingofothersperspectives

Withregardstotaskcompletion,Bobbyoftenrefusestocompleteorturninassignments.He

becomesconfrontationalwhenteachersquestionhimregardingassignmentsanddenotesthemas

stupidandboring.Bobbydemonstratesdifficultycomplyingwithclassroomprocedures.He
alsostrugglestoparticipateinclassdiscussionsorsmallgroupactivities,oftenbecoming

verballyaggressivewithhispeers.

ItwouldseemthatBobbysbehaviorsareprimarilymotivatedbyattentionandalackofskillsin

gainingthatattentionappropriately.Hisreactionsarearesultofhisdesiretointeractandnot

possessingtheskillsortheabilitytoexercisetheseskillstoresultinapositiveresponsefromhis

peersortheabilitytoacceptnegativefeedbackregardinghisadvances.

1) InterestinventoryPrioranalysishasshownthatBobbyhaspreferredinteractingwith

adultsoversameagepeers.Iwouldliketodosomeresearchincludinganinterest

inventoryofBobbyandhispeersinanefforttoidentifysomepeersthatBobbymight

enjoyinteractingwith.Thisresearchwillalsohelpinidentifyingtopicsthatareof

interesttosameagepeersandcanbeusedlaterinsocialskillstraininginperspective

taking.

a) EvaluationplanIwouldknowthisiseffectiveifitidentifiespeersthatshare

commoninterestsofBobby.

2) VideomodelingandvideopromptingIwouldbeginbyshowingvideoclipsfrom

moviessceneswithsuccessfulconversationinitiationsthatarealsoofinteresttoBobby.

IwouldthenusethesamevideostopauseandpromptBobbytoidentifythetopicof

conversation.Iwouldalsohavehimidentifyormodelhowhemightenterthisparticular

conversation.Thiswouldalsobeagoodtimetoevaluatehisknowledgeofnonverbal

cuesandbodylanguage.
a) EvaluationplanIwillknowthisinterventioniseffectivewhenBobbycan

reliablyidentifythetopicofconversationscenariosandlistsuccessfulstrategies

forinitiatingandjoiningconversations.

3)Peer/teachermodelingIwouldusethisparticularstrategyinconjunctionwiththevideo

modelingandprompting.Iwouldusetwopeersortwoteacherstomodelconversationskillsand

createopportunitiestopracticeusingthestrategiestoenterorinitiateaconversation.

a) EvaluationplanIwillknowthisplaniseffectiveifBobbycanusethestrategies

hehaslearnedinvideomodelingandpromptingtosuccessfullyentera

conversationbetweenpeersoradultsorbyacceptingnegativefeedbackfrom

peersdeclininghiseffortstoengageothersinconversationwithoutbecoming

verballyaggressive.

4)SocialstoriesIwouldcreateasocialstoryforBobbybeginningwithstrategiesforentering

aconversation,initiatingaconversationaconversation.Thesocialstorywillbeginwithwhy

peopleengageinconversationsandhowaconversationprogresses.Next,thesocialstoryshould

depictBobbysperspectiveaboutenteringaconversationandwhyheshouldwantto.Afterthat

itshouldreviewstrategiesforenteringorinitiatingaconversation.Itwillalsoreviewhowto

acceptnegativefeedbackfrompeersregardinghisattemptstoenterorinitiateconversations.

a) EvaluationplanIwillknowthisplaniseffectiveifBobbyisabletoutilizethe

strategiesforenteringandinitiatingconversationsandacceptingnegativefeedbackfrom

peers.IwillalsoknowinterventioniseffectiveifBobbyisabletorecognize

opportunitiestoengageinconversationswithpeers.
5)PeertutoringIwouldrecommendpairingBobbyasamathtutorwithayoungerstudent.

ThisparticularstrategywouldbetobuildBobbysconfidenceininteractingwithothers.We

willfirstgooverBobbysresponsibilitiesasatutorandhowtoconducthimselfduringsessions.

AyoungerpeerwillbecarefullyscreenedandselectedtotutoredbyBobbywhileunderteacher

supervision.ThiswillgiveBobbyanopportunitytopracticeconversationskillswithoutsocial

stigmaattachedandcommunicateinanareathatheisfluent.

a) EvaluationplanIwillknowthisplaniseffectivewhenBobbycontributestothe

studentsunderstandingofmathconcepts.Whenheispositiveinhisinteractionswith

hisstudentandisabletocommunicateeffectivelywithhim,itwilldemonstratethe

effectivenessofthisintervention.Itwillalsobedemonstratedbyanincreasedpositive

approachininitiatingorengaginghispeersinconversation.

6)ConsequencemapsIwouldsuggestusingaconsequencemapinconjunctionwiththepeer

modeling.TheconsequencemapwouldoutlinethepossibleoutcomeswhenBobbyinitiatesa

conversationwithapeer.ThiswillbereviewedwithBobbypriortobeginninghisschooldayor

opportunitiesforpeerinteraction.

7)PeerinterviewsIwouldsuggesthavingBobbyinterviewselectedpeersindividually

regardingtheirinterests,similartotheinterestinventoryconductedbytheteacheratthe

beginningoftheintervention.Priortoconductinginterviews,theteachershouldhaveBobby

practicewithateacherandgooverhisexpectedconduct.Theteachershouldalsospeakwiththe

peersregardingtheinterviewsandhowtheywillbeconducted.Byconductingthepeer

interviews,Bobbycanpracticeconversationskillsinastructuredwayandlearnmoreabouthis

peersinterestswithoutthepressureofconversationorotherpeerspresent.Theinformation
gatheredbyBobbyduringinterviewscanbepairedwithvideopromptingandpeerpracticeinan

efforttogeneralizetonaturalsettings.

a) EvaluationplanIwillknowthisplaniseffectiveifBobbysuccessfullycompletesthe

interviewwiththepeerandheisabletousethisinformationinconversationsatalater

timewithhispeers.IwillalsoknowiftheplaniseffectivewhenBobbyisableto

generateconversationswithpeersabouttopicsofinteresttothem.