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Classwork05

1.Explainhowthechartillustratesbothpunctuatedequilibriumandgradualism.Use
specificfossilsfromthecharttosupportyouranswer.

TheorganismsfromOhoiantoNevadiandemonstratedpunctuatedequilibriumbecausethe
fossilssplitintolightanddarkspeciesveryrapidlyandstayedthatway.Gradualismis
demonstratedbythebodystructureofthespeciesfromColoradiantoCalifornian,

2.Duringwhichtimeperioddidthefossilsdifferentiateintotwobranches?

TheysplitintheNevadiantimeperiod.

3.Examinethefossilthatwasunearthedinamuseum,apparentlythelabelsandother
informationwerelost.Usingyourfossilrecord,determinethetimeperiodthisfossilis
likelyfrom.Explainyourreasoning.

ThefossilsweremostlikelyMontanianbecausethebodystructuresaremostsimilar.

4.Ofthetwomajorspeciesthatarosefromtheparentspecies,whichwasmore
successful?Howdoyouknow?

Thelighterspecieswasmoresuccessfulbecauseitlastedlonger,whereasthedarkerspecies
diedoff.