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# Reconstructio

n of the 2017 CE

Schaefer
Criteria of 201
Visibility of
Crescent of
Luna by
7 CE
H:usa:mullah
Schaefers formula is a good formula for the speculation of the visibility of
Crescent/Hilal of Luna/Qamar/Moon. But this formula is hidden and even a
man like F-t-h:i: was unable to find it. I have tried to reconstruct and 25/09/1438
resurrect the formula. Any error in the formula can only be ascribed to the
Reconsturtor and not to the original Deriver of the Formula. Dedicated to
AH
all who are interested in Visibility of Crescent of Luna from Planet Earth.
2

Schaefers Formula is not found in general. The reasons for hiding the formulae are speculated but they
are beyond the scope of the present work. Even a man like F-tu:h:I was unable to find it.I Have tried to
reconstruct the formulae. Any error in the formula can only be ascribed to me and not to Schaefer.

## The Formula is as follow:=

= Log (/)-------------(1)

Criteria

## Visibility is Probable for 1>>0

Where

= B act -----------------(2)

=B req

## B0(Z)=B zen [10exp(-0.4)K(X-1)]X------------(4)

K>0.03 [Constant]----------------------(5)

B=(0.263)(a(exp(Q-V))))--------(6a)

Or B=(34.08)exp(20.7233-0.92104V)-------------------(6b)

V=21.37710 Constant----------------------(7)

X=(1-0.96(sin(Z)^2))exp(-(1/2)), Z is Zenith--------------------(7)

2
3

## Q=10+(2.5)Log (3600)^2 -------------------------------(9)

a= (100)exp(0.2) ---------------------------(10)

B= f()I*[10exp(-0.4)KX(Zm)][1-10exp(-0.4KX(Zm))---------------(11)

X(Z)=(1-0.096((SinZ)^2)exp(-1/2)--------------------------------(12)

I*=10exp(*0.4)(m+16.57)------------------------(13)

m= -12.73+0.26||+(4(10)exp(-a)||^4----------------------(14)

= Phase Angle.

## Bm= Dark night Brightness calculated as an average-----------------(15)

X(Z)=[Cos(Z)+0.25e (exp(-11Cos(Z))exp(-1)------------------------(16)

V=(-0.2)Log [[Bmoon+B0(Z)]/B0(Z)]-------------------------(17)

Bmoon = B-----------------(18)

.=10 0r e --------------------------(19)

## [Not specified but assumed to be 10, Log at the base 10]

f(p)=fm()+fR(p) ,WHERE fR(p) CR(1.06+Cos(p)^2),CR=2.27(10)^5 , fm() =(10)^(6.15-p/10) or
6.2(10)^7 p^-2

Note :
p=