Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 32

All Regional Engineers

Omer M. Osman, P.E.

Special Provision for Concrete Box Culverts with Skews > 30


Degrees and Design Fills 5 Feet
January 9, 2015

This special provision was developed by the Bureau of Bridges and Structures
as a result of the implementation of AASHTO Load and Resistance Factor
Design (LRFD) for precast and cast-in-place concrete box culverts.

This special provision has been revised as a result of changes to ASTM


C 1577 and reducing the number of significant digits to match those shown in
ASTM C 1577.

This special provision should be inserted into contracts with precast concrete
or cast-in-place box culverts having a skew > 30 degrees and a design fill 5
feet.

The districts should include the BDE Check Sheet marked with the applicable
special provisions for the April 24, 2015 and subsequent lettings. The Project
Development and Implementation Section will include a copy in the contract.

This special provision will be available on the transfer directory


January 9, 2015.

80293m
CONCRETE BOX CULVERTS WITH SKEWS > 30 DEGREES AND DESIGN FILLS 5 FEET
(BDE)

Effective: April 1, 2012


Revised: April 1, 2014April 1, 2015

Revise the second paragraph of Article 540.04 of the Standard Specifications to read:

Unless otherwise noted on the plans, the Contractor shall have the option, when a cast-in-
place concrete box culvert is specified, of constructing the box culvert using precast box culvert
sections when the design cover is 6 in. (150 mm) minimum. The precast box culvert sections
shall be designed for the same design cover shown on the plans for cast-in-place box culvert;
shall be of equal or larger size opening, and shall satisfy the design requirements of
ASTM C 1577.

Add the following after the seventh paragraph of Article 540.06 of the Standard Specifications:

Precast concrete box culverts with skews greater than 30 degrees and having design covers
less than or equal to 5 feet are not covered by the standard design table shown in
ASTM C 1577. The design table provided herein is provided to address this design range. The
same notes, reinforcement configurations, clearances, and requirements of ASTM C 1577 apply
to this special design table. A box designated 7 x 6 x 8 indicates a span of 7 ft, a rise of 6 ft,
and top slab, bottom slab, walls and haunches of 8 in. unless otherwise noted on the tables.
3 ft by x 2 ft by x 4 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.168 0.900 0.295 0.096 0.269 0.1680. 0.853 0.144


0.17 1.10 0.30 0.10 0.28 17 0.92 0.14
2<3 0.134 0.180 0.182 0.096 31
0.14 0.18 0.19 0.10
3-5 0.096 0.115 0.117 0.096 29
0.10 0.12 0.12 0.10
*top slab 7.0 in., bottom slab 6.0 in.

3 ft by x 3 ft by x 4 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.168 0.956 0.326 0.096 0.290 0.1680. 0.849 0.144


0.17 1.17 0.33 0.10 0.31 17 0.92 0.14
2<3 0.101 0.214 0.218 0.096
0.10 0.22 0.22 0.10 31
3-5 0.096 0.136 0.140 0.096
0.10 0.14 0.14 0.10 31
*top slab 7.0 in., bottom slab 6.0 in.

4 ft by x 2 ft by x 5 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.204 0.790 0.262 0.120 0.268 0.1800. 0.846 0.144


0.21 0.88 0.26 0.12 0.28 18 0.89 0.14
2<3 0.201 0.203 0.196 0.120
0.20 0.21 0.20 0.12 3233
3-5 0.129 0.134 0.136 0.120
0.13 0.13 0.14 0.12 32
*top slab 7.5 in., bottom slab 6.0 in.
4 ft by x 3 ft by x 5 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.1800 0.8761 0.3030 0.1200 0.3050 0.180 0.831 0.144


.18 .02 .31 .12 .32 0.18 0.87 0.14
2<3 0.1600 0.2450 0.2380 0.1200
.16 .25 .24 .12 38
3-5 0.1200 0.1610 0.1650 0.1200
.12 .16 .17 .12 3534
*top slab 7.5 in., bottom slab 6.0 in.

4 ft by x 4 ft by x 5 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.1800 0.9271 0.3340 0.1200 0.327 0.180 0.822 0.144


.18 .08 .34 .12 0.34 0.18 0.86 0.14
2<3 0.1300 0.2770 0.2700 0.1200
.13 .28 .27 .12 38
3-5 0.1200 0.1810 0.1880 0.1200
.12 .18 .19 .12 38
*top slab 7.5 in., bottom slab 6.0 in.

5 ft x 2 ft x 6 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.27 0.63 0.23 0.14 0.24 0.19 0.19 0.17


2<3 0.25 0.22 0.20 0.14 37
3-5 0.17 0.15 0.15 0.14 35
*top slab 8.0 in., bottom slab 7.0 in.
5 ft by x 3 ft by x 6 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.1970 0.6820 0.2690 0.1440 0.280 0.192 0.705 0.168


.20 .72 .27 .14 0.29 0.19 .0.71 0.17
2<3 0.2060 0.2590 0.2460 0.1440
.21 .26 .25 .14 37
3-5 0.1440 0.1800 0.1790 0.1440
.14 .18 .18 .14 35
*top slab 8.0 in., bottom slab 7.0 in.

5 ft by x 4 ft by x 6 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.1920 0.7350 0.2990 0.144 0.307 0.192 0.693 0.168


.19 .78 .30 0.14 0.31 0.19 0.70 0.17
2<3 0.1800 0.2940 0.2820 0.144
.18 .30 .28 0.14 4645
3-5 0.1440 0.2040 0.2050 0.144
.14 .20 .21 0.14 40
*top slab 8.0 in., bottom slab 7.0 in.

5 ft by x 5 ft by x 6 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.1920 0.7740 0.3240 0.144 0.327 0.192 0.685 0.168


.19 .82 .33 0.14 0.34 0.19 0.69 0.17
2<3 0.1550 0.3220 0.3120 0.144
.16 .33 .32 0.14 45
3-5 0.1440 0.2240 0.2280 0.144
.14 .22 .23 0.14 45
*top slab 8.0 in., bottom slab 7.0 in.
6 ft x 2 ft x 7 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.33 0.51 0.21 0.17 0.23 0.19 0.61 0.17


2<3 0.31 0.22 0.22 0.17 42
3-5 0.22 0.17 0.17 0.17 41
*top slab 8.0 in.

6 ft by x 3 ft by x 7 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.2700 0.5660 0.2570 0.168 0.263 0.192 0.575 0.168


.27 .58 .26 0.17 0.27 0.19 0.58 0.17
2<3 0.2600 0.2690 0.2730 0.168
.26 .27 .27 0.17 41
3-5 0.1860 0.1920 0.1970 0.168
.18 .19 .20 0.17 39
*top slab 8.0 in.

6 ft by x 4 ft by x 7 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.2450 0.6170 0.297 0.168 0.293 0.192 0.565 0.168


.25 .64 0.30 0.17 0.30 0.19 0.57 0.17
2<3 0.2250 0.3050 0.313 0.168
.23 .31 0.31 0.17 42
3-5 0.1680 0.2200 0.227 0.168
.17 .22 0.23 0.17 41
*top slab 8.0 in.
6 ft by x 5 ft by x 7 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in. / ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.2260 0.6570 0.331 0.168 0.317 0.192 0.551 0.168


.23 .68 0.33 0.17 0.32 0.19 0.56 0.17
2<3 0.1980 0.3380 0.348 0.168
.20 .34 0.35 0.17 5952
3-5 0.1680 0.2420 0.252 0.168
.17 .24 0.25 0.17 48
*top slab 8.0 in.

6 ft by x 6 ft by x 7 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2* 0.2080 0.6920 0.363 0.168 0.337 0.192 0.540 0.168


.21 .72 0.37 0.17 0.34 0.19 0.55 0.17
2<3 0.1760 0.3640 0.379 0.168
.18 .37 0.38 0.17 52
3-5 0.1680 0.2610 0.275 0.168
.17 .26 0.28 0.17 52
*top slab 8.0 in.

7 ft x 2 ft x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.38 0.60 0.26 0.19 0.22 0.19 0.75 0.19


2<3 0.38 0.24 0.24 0.19 46
3-5 0.27 0.19 0.19 0.19 44
7 ft x 3 ft x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.36 0.57 0.32 0.19 0.25 0.19 0.71 0.19


2<3 0.33 0.29 0.30 0.19 44
3-5 0.23 0.21 0.21 0.19 42

7 ft by x 4 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3390 0.5990 0.372 0.192 0.271 0.192 0.697 0.192


.34 .61 0.37 0.19 0.27 0.19 0.70 0.19
2<3 0.2870 0.3350 0.342 0.192
.29 .34 0.34 0.19 44
3-5 0.2060 0.2410 0.248 0.192
.21 .24 0.25 0.19 42

7 ft by x 5 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3170 0.6370 0.417 0.192 0.293 0.192 0.684 0.192


.32 .65 0.42 0.19 0.30 0.19 0.69 0.19
2<3 0.2560 0.3700 0.381 0.192
.26 .37 0.38 0.19 49
3-5 0.1920 0.2660 0.276 0.192
.19 .27 0.28 0.19 46
7 ft by x 6 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2960 0.6720 0.458 0.192 0.312 0.192 0.658 0.192


.29 .69 0.46 0.19 0.32 0.19 0.67 0.19
2<3 0.2300 0.4010 0.416 0.192
.23 .40 0.42 0.19 59
3-5 0.1920 0.2880 0.302 0.192
.19 .29 0.30 0.19 55

7 ft by x 7 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2760 0.7030 0.496 0.1920. 0.330 0.192 0.653 0.192


.27 .73 0.50 19 0.34 0.19 0.65 0.19
2<3 0.2100 0.4280 0.447 0.1920.
.21 .43 0.45 19 59
3-5 0.1920 0.3070 0.326 0.1920.
.19 .31 0.33 19 59

8 ft x 2 ft x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.47 0.50 0.29 0.19 0.23 0.19 0.61 0.19


2<3 0.51 0.30 0.31 0.19 50
3-5 0.36 0.22 0.22 0.19 48
8 ft x 3 ft x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.43 0.49 0.35 0.19 0.26 0.19 0.58 0.19


2<3 0.45 0.36 0.37 0.19 48
3-5 0.32 0.26 0.27 0.19 45

8 ft by x 4 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3970 0.5100 0.400 0.1920. 0.283 0.192 0.568 0.192


.40 .52 0.40 19 0.29 0.19 0.57 0.19
2<3 0.3990 0.4150 0.423 0.1920.
.40 .42 0.43 19 45
3-5 0.2850 0.2980 0.306 0.1920.
.28 .30 0.31 19 45

8 ft by x 5 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3680 0.5550 0.446 0.1920. 0.305 0.192 0.559 0.192


.37 .56 0.45 19 0.31 0.19 0.56 0.19
2<3 0.3600 0.4580 0.470 0.1920.
.36 .46 0.47 19 48
3-5 0.2590 0.3280 0.340 0.1920.
.26 .33 0.34 19 45
8 ft by x 6 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3420 0.5960 0.488 0.192 0.325 0.192 0.556 0.192


.34 .61 0.49 0.19 0.33 0.19 0.56 0.19
2<3 0.3280 0.4960 0.512 0.192
.33 .50 0.52 0.19 56
3-5 0.2370 0.3550 0.371 0.192
.24 .36 0.37 0.19 50

8 ft by x 7 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3190 0.6330 0.527 0.192 0.343 0.192 0.555 0.192


.32 .65 0.53 0.19 0.35 0.19 0.56 0.19
2<3 0.3010 0.5290 0.551 0.192
.30 .53 0.56 0.19 65
3-5 0.2190 0.3790 0.399 0.192
.22 .38 0.40 0.19 61

8 ft by x 8 ft by x 8 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2970 0.6680 0.565 0.192 0.360 0.192 0.531 0.192


.30 .69 0.57 0.19 0.36 0.19 0.55 0.19
2<3 0.2800 0.5600 0.587 0.192
.28 .56 0.59 0.19 65
3-5 0.2040 0.4000 0.427 0.192
.20 .40 0.43 0.19 65
9 ft x 2 ft x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.46 0.35 0.26 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.47 0.22


2<3 0.58 0.32 0.32 0.22 55
3-5 0.41 0.23 0.23 0.22 52

9 ft x 3 ft x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.42 0.35 0.32 0.22 0.23 0.22 0.47 0.22


2<3 0.52 0.38 0.39 0.22 52
3-5 0.37 0.27 0.28 0.22 49

9 ft x 4 ft x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.38 0.38 0.36 0.22 0.25 0.22 0.47 0.22


2<3 0.47 0.44 0.45 0.22 52
3-5 0.33 0.31 0.32 0.22 49
9 ft by x 5 ft by x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3610 0.4110 0.416 0.216 0.275 0.216 0.4650. 0.216


.35 .41 0.41 0.22 0.28 0.22 47 0.22
2<3 0.4250 0.4840 0.496 0.216
.43 .49 0.50 0.22 49
3-5 0.3060 0.3480 0.360 0.216
.30 .35 0.36 0.22 49

9 ft by x 6 ft by x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in. / ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3350 0.4390 0.455 0.216 0.294 0.216 0.4670. 0.216


.32 .44 0.44 0.22 0.29 0.22 47 0.22
2<3 0.3900 0.5240 0.541 0.216
.39 .53 0.54 0.22 55
3-5 0.2820 0.3760 0.393 0.216
.28 .38 0.39 0.22 52

9 ft by x 7 ft by x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in. / ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3130 0.4640 0.491 0.216 0.311 0.216 0.4530. 0.216


.30 .46 0.48 0.22 0.31 0.22 45 0.22
2<3 0.3600 0.5610 0.583 0.216
.36 .56 0.59 0.22 64
3-5 0.2620 0.4020 0.423 0.216 58
.26 .40 0.42 0.22
9 ft by x 8 ft by x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2860 0.4880 0.5140 0.2160 0.327 0.216 0.454 0.216


.28 .49 .52 .22 0.33 0.22 0.45 0.22
2<3 0.3360 0.5940 0.6210 0.2160
.33 .60 .63 .22 72
3-5 0.2440 0.4260 0.4530 0.2160
.24 .43 .45 .22 7372

9 ft by x 9 ft by x 9 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2740 0.5110 0.5570 0.2160 0.342 0.216 0.452 0.216


.27 .51 .55 .22 0.34 0.22 0.45 0.22
2<3 0.3160 0.6250 0.6590 0.2160
.31 .63 .66 .22 72
3-5 0.2310 0.4480 0.4810 0.2160
.23 .45 .48 .22 72

10 ft x 2 ft x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.46 0.29 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.34 0.24


2<3 0.66 0.33 0.34 0.24 59
3-5 0.46 0.24 0.24 0.24 59
10 ft x 3 ft x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.44 0.33 0.30 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24


2<3 0.59 0.40 0.41 0.24 59
3-5 0.42 0.29 0.29 0.24 56

10 ft x 4 ft x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.40 0.36 0.35 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24


2<3 0.54 0.46 0.47 0.24 56
3-5 0.38 0.33 0.34 0.24 52

10 ft by x 5 ft by x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3700 0.3930 0.3920 0.2400 0.263 0.240 0.240 0.240


.37 .39 .39 .24 0.26 0.24 0.24 0.24
2<3 0.4920 0.5090 0.5220 0.2400
.49 .51 .52 .24 52
3-5 0.3540 0.3660 0.3790 0.2400
.35 .36 .38 .24 52
10 ft by x 6 ft by x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3480 0.4200 0.4320 0.2400 0.282 0.240 0.418 0.240


.34 .42 .43 .24 0.28 0.24 0.42 0.24
2<3 0.4550 0.5520 0.5700 0.2400
.45 .55 .57 .24 56
3-5 0.3290 0.3970 0.4140 0.2400
.33 .40 .41 .24 52

10 ft by x 7 ft by x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3210 0.4450 0.4630 0.2400 0.298 0.240 0.240 0.240


.32 .44 .46 .24 0.30 0.24 0.24 0.24
2<3 0.4230 0.5910 0.6140 0.2400
.42 .59 .62 .24 59
3-5 0.3070 0.4250 0.4470 0.2400
.31 .42 .45 .24 56

10 ft by x 8 ft by x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in. / ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3010 0.4690 0.4960 0.2400 0.314 0.240 0.240 0.240


.30 .47 .50 .24 0.31 0.24 0.24 0.24
2<3 0.3940 0.6270 0.6550 0.2400
.39 .63 .66 .24 7275
3-5 0.2880 0.4510 0.4780 0.2400
.29 .45 .48 .24 66
10 ft by x 9 ft by x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2840 0.4920 0.5270 0.2400 0.329 0.240 0.240 0.240


.28 .49 .53 .24 0.33 0.24 0.24 0.24
2<3 0.3710 0.6600 0.6940 0.2400
.37 .66 .70 .24 79
3-5 0.2720 0.4750 0.5080 0.2400
.27 .47 .51 .24 8579

10 ft by x 10 ft by x 10 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2720 0.5140 0.5590 0.2400 0.344 0.240 0.240 0.240


.27 .51 .56 .24 0.34 0.24 0.24 0.24
2<3 0.3530 0.6910 0.7320 0.2400
.35 .69 .74 .24 79
3-5 0.2590 0.4970 0.5370 0.2400
.26 .50 .54 .24 79

11 ft x 2 ft x 11 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.50 0.27 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26


2<3 0.73 0.35 0.35 0.26 67
3-5 0.52 0.26 0.26 0.26 63
11 ft x 3 ft x 11 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.45 0.31 0.29 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26


2<3 0.67 0.42 0.43 0.26 63
3-5 0.47 0.30 0.31 0.26 60

11 ft by x 4 ft by x 11 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.4140 0.3410 0.3330 0.2640 0.264 0.264 0.264 0.264


.41 .34 .33 .26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26
2<3 0.6090 0.4810 0.4910 0.2640
.61 .48 .49 .26 60
3-5 0.4360 0.3480 0.3570 0.2640
.43 .35 .35 .26 56

11 ft by x 6 ft by x 11 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3560 0.3990 0.4070 0.2640 0.265 0.264 0.264 0.264


.35 .40 .40 .26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26
2<3 0.5210 0.5800 0.5970 0.2640
.52 .58 .60 .26 56
3-5 0.3770 0.4180 0.4350 0.2640
.37 .42 .43 .26 56
11 ft by x 8 ft by x 11 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3140 0.4490 0.4710 0.2640 0.298 0.264 0.264 0.264


.31 .45 .47 .26 0.30 0.26 0.26 0.26
2<3 0.4570 0.6590 0.6870 0.2640
.45 .66 .69 .26 67
3-5 0.3330 0.4750 0.5020 0.2640
.33 .47 .50 .26 63

11 ft by x 10 ft by x 11 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2850 0.4940 0.5320 0.2640 0.328 0.264 0.264 0.264


.28 .49 .53 .26 0.33 0.26 0.26 0.26
2<3 0.4090 0.7270 0.7690 0.2640
.41 .73 .77 .26 86
3-5 0.3000 0.5240 0.5650 0.2640
.30 .52 .56 .26 86

11 ft by x 11 ft by x 11 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2760 0.5160 0.5620 0.2640 0.342 0.264 0.264 0.264


.27 .51 .56 .26 0.34 0.26 0.26 0.26
2<3 0.3910 0.7580 0.8080 0.2640
.39 .76 .81 .26 86
3-5 0.2890 0.5480 0.5960 0.2640
.29 .55 .59 .26 86
12 ft x 2 ft x 12 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.51 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29


2<3 0.81 0.37 0.37 0.29 71
3-5 0.57 0.29 0.29 0.29 68

12 ft x 3 ft x 12 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.46 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29


2<3 0.74 0.44 0.44 0.29 68
3-5 0.53 0.32 0.32 0.29 64

12 ft by x 4 ft by x 12 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.4260 0.3290 0.3160 0.2880 0.288 0.288 0.321 0.288


.42 .33 .31 .29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29
2<3 0.6820 0.5030 0.5120 0.2880
.68 .50 .51 .29 64
3-5 0.4890 0.3640 0.3730 0.2880
.49 .36 .37 .29 60
12 ft by x 6 ft by x 12 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3670 0.3850 0.3870 0.2880 0.288 0.288 0.320 0.288


.36 .38 .38 .29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29
2<3 0.5900 0.6060 0.6240 0.2880
.59 .60 .62 .29 60
3-5 0.4270 0.4380 0.4560 0.2880
.42 .44 .45 .29 56

12 ft by x 8 ft by x 12 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.3260 0.4350 0.4490 0.2880 0.288 0.288 0.288 0.288


.32 .43 .45 .29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29
2<3 0.5210 0.6900 0.7190 0.2880
.52 .69 .72 .29 67
3-5 0.3810 0.4990 0.5270 0.2880
.38 .50 .52 .29 64

12 ft by x 10 ft by x 12 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2980 0.4810 0.5070 0.2880 0.305 0.288 0.288 0.288


.29 .48 .50 .29 0.30 0.29 0.29 0.29
2<3 0.4670 0.7620 0.8040 0.2880
.46 .76 .80 .29 93
3-5 0.3440 0.5510 0.5920 0.2880
.34 .55 .59 .29 79
12 ft by x 12 ft by x 12 in.
Design Circumferential Reinforcement Areas, sq in./ ft.
Earth
Cover, ft. As1 As2 As3 As4 As5 As6 As7 As8 M, in.

0<2 0.2880 0.5250 0.5660 0.2880 0.333 0.288 0.288 0.288


.29 .52 .56 .29 0.33 0.29 0.29 0.29
2<3 0.4310 0.8270 0.8860 0.2880
.43 .83 .89 .29 93
3-5 0.3200 0.5990 0.6560 0.2880
.32 .60 .65 .29 93

80293