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WILEY


Windows
Server 2OO3
FOR

by Ed Tittel with James Michael Stewart

WILEY

Wiley Publishing, Inc.


Windows
Server 2OO3

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2004
32.973.26-018.2.75
45
681.3.07

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45 Windows Server 2003 "". : . . . :
"", 2004. 368 . : . . . .
ISBN 5-8459-0559-1 (.)

Windows Server 2003 -


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Windows Server 2003.

32.973.26-018.2.75

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, Wiley
Publishing, Inc.
Copyright 2004 by Dialektika Computer Publishing.
Original English language edition Copyright 2003 by Wiley Publishing, Inc.
All righis reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. This translation published
by arrangement with Wiley Publishing, Inc.

ISBN 5-8459-0559-1 (.) - "", 2004


ISBN 0-7645- -7 (.) Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2003

15

I, 21
1. : 23
2. "/" 33
3. 47
4. ! 62
II. 79
5. 81
6. 93
7. 108

III. , ! 127
8. Windows 2003 129
9. , , Windows 2003! 136
10. ! 155
11. 167
12. Active Directory,
186
13. 202
14. IP- 218

IV. 23?
15. Active Directory 239
16. 263
17. 275
18. 292

V. ?
19. Windows 2003 309
20. 320
21. Active Directory 334

VI. 339
22.
Windows Server 2003 341
23. Windows Server 2003 348
355

13
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13. 202
Windows 2003 202
204
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207
212
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NetBIOS 219
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222
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IV. 23?
15. Active Directory 239
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General 245
Address 245
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16. 263
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17. 275
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18. 292
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V. 7
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Event Viewer 309
312
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315
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20. 320
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VI. 9
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borhood ( ) .
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Server 2003.
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, . -
(Dynamic Data Exchange DDE) -
, -
,
.
S NT LM (NT LM Security Support Provider).
Windows Server 2003, LAN
Manager (LM).
,
Windows.

2 "/" 45
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Windows 2003, Plug and Play. (Plug and
Play " ". Microsoft, Intel .,
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Server 2003, .
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Server .)
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,

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Control Protocol/Internet Protocol / Internet)
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3. 57
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Windows 2000 Windows XP, ,
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3. 53

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Interconnection ).
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3. 55
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.
Windows Server 2003 .
(Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
/ Internet). , -
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.
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Windows Server 2003 -
. AppleTalk Macintosh,
Reliable Multicast Protocol ( ) , -
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,
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, -
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.

56 I.
TCP/IP - Internet
TCP/IP , -
, 1970- , ,
,
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(Department of Defense ), -
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internet-npomoKOJioMu, , -
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(TCP) Internet (IP). -
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UNIX-
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Software Distribution UNIX UNIX, ,
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TCP/IP.
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6 128- . TCP/IP 4 -
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, ( IP-,
, (proxy-
) (network address translation NAT) -

3. 57
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28
4,86 10 IP- (
).
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Windows 2000 Windows XP).
12 ( , ,
Internet, -
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, , -
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, , -
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Windows Server 2003.

IPX/SPX - NetWare
IPX (Internetwork Packet Exchange ), SPX
(sequenced packet exchange ) NCP (NetWare Core
Protocol Netware)
NetWare Novell. IPX, SPX NCP, 48
, .
IPX NetWare , DOS,
Windows , Windows 9*, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Macintosh, OS/2
UNIX.
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. NetWare 5.0 Novell
, IPX/SPX
. , , Microsoft -
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NWLink. ( Windows 9x IPX/SPX- .)
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, ,

58 I.
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, , Microsoft
(.. - ).
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). NetBIOS API-,
Microsoft. NetBIOS NetBEUI -
LAN Manager Windows NT. NetBIOS -
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Windows 2000, Windows XP Windows Server 2003, -
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S NetBEUI (Extended User Interface
NetBIOS). NetBEUI , , -
,
IBM Microsoft. NetBEUI NetBIOS -
LAN Manager Windows NT. NetBEUI -
, , Windows XP Windows Server 2003. NetBEUI
- Windows Server 2003, -
, .
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Macintosh ,
.
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ple Talk. Macintosh,
Microsoft Service for Macin-
tosh. ( -
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, Windows Server 2003.
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, -
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TCP/IP. OSI-
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TCP/IP, OSI ,
.
OSI, -
, OSI 1980-
. ISO/OSI Windows 2003 -
, -
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3. 59
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IBM
. SNA , , -
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60 I.
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Server 2003, .
Windows 98/Windows SEAYmdows Me/Windows NT/Windows 2000 Windows XP.
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pleTalk TCP/IP, a UNIX ,
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,
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Windows 3-;,
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4. ! 67
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1000
/
Ethernet.

68 I.
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( )
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. "1' Ethernet , -
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Ethernet .

4. ! 69
S . Ethernet,
10 /, . Eth-
ernet ,
10 / ; ,
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Ethernet, , -
, , Gigabit Ethernet
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Token Ring
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.
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70 I.
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4 /. 40% -
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160% Ethernet. -
,
100- .
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.

4. ! 71
(" Token Ring. Ethernet " "
. Ethernet?"),
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.


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tributed Data Interface -
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100 . FDDI 500 ,

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230 , ,
.
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,

4. ! 75
Microsoft Exchange Internet, -
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol -
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76 I.
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6. 97
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98 II.
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102 II.
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6. 103
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104 II.
MemBase
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dress), MemBase.
IRQ DMA, . -
.
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COOOh, DOOOh DSOOh.
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(Microsoft Hardware Compatibility List HCL), , -
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6. 105
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106 II.
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6. 107
7

...
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.

- .

, 10Base5 Ethernet, : /,
(5 100 = 500 ). , -
10/ 500 .
F
(twisted pair) (fiber-optic). , 1 OBaseT ,
Ethernet
10 /. , WBaseT , -
- .

7. 109
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twisted-pair DTP) (shielded twisted-pair STP).
-
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, , , ,
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110 II.
UTP. () ( )
, -
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U UTP, , -
(unshielded twisted-pair UTP). -
(shielded twisted-pair STP).
, STC -
.
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STP . STP .
( ) UTP ( CAT 1 2 -
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(Electronic Industry Association), ,
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, CAT.
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.
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.
CAT 3.
16 /.
CAT 4.
20 /.
CAT 5.
100 /.

7. 111
CAT 5 ().
200 /.
CAT 6.
600 /.

CAT 6 CAT 1-5. -


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UTP/STP ( , -
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, , -
UTP/STP.

112 //.
lOBaseT
IIOBaseT Ethernet,
" . ,,
, .
IEEE, lOBasef 10 /.
ilOBaseT UTP CAT 3. -
-; CAT 5,
, 100BaseT. ,
lOBaseT.
s . Ethernet RJ-45,
X . . UTP CAT 3-5
. ( ),
|< , ,
v . UTP CAT 3-5 ( ) .
v . RJ-45.
/ . UTP 3-5.
v .
.
s . UTP CAT 3-5 .
= v . CAT 3-5 .
lOBaseT
V- . 100 .
/ . 1024 -
.
V . 12
, .

STP:
, , STP,
.
,
. STP 155 /
100 , .
STP Token Ring 4-16
/ ( UTP).
STP Token Ring LocalTalk, -
IBM.
Token Ring, Token
Ring. " " Token Ring.
STP , -
. UTP STP
, . -
STP , . STP , -
, , -
STP, UTP,
.

7. 113
()
, , - -
.
UTP , -
.
UTP 1980-
. "" ( -
" ")' ""
.
,
(transceiver transmitter-receiver ) !
, , ...
,
,
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, (cladding). . 7.2 -
"" .
-
. , . ""
"", . . 7.1
, Radio
Grade (RG).

. 7.2.

114 II.
7.1.
()
RG-8HRG-11 ThickNet 50 Thick Ethernet
RG-58 ThinNet 50 Thin Ethernet
RG-59 75
RG-62 ARCnet 93 ARCnet

RG-58 ,
,
( RG-58A/U, RG-58C/U). -
, RG-58/U,
10Base2, .
, , , . 7.1 ThickNet
ThinNet. Ethernet.
,
.


, (trunk), , -.
. , - *
( ) . 10Base2
185 , tc 30 .
1QBase2 50 .
91,5 . ,
;; , 185 , .
* , , , . , ,
-, , , , ,
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, . -
; 925 , {} 1024
.( 10Base2 ( ,
, 900 ).

.
, ; , -
.

10Base2 (ThinNet)
ThinNet , RG-58, CheaperNet,
ThinWireH 10Base2. , 10Base2 ,
10/, 185
(, 10Basel.85) - -
. ( ThinWire ('

7. 115
"), ThinNet (" ")), -
( CheaperNet (" ")).
ThinNet ,
"". ThinNet ,
, -
UTP CAT 5 STP ,
.
10Base2 , , -
, , , , . -
BNC- (British Naval Connector
) -.
. - ,
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10Base2 -
, .
, -
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10Base2 (. 4), -
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. -,
.
-
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10Base2 ,
, . . 7.2 -
, ,
10Base2 .
7.2. 10Base2

185 925
30 1024
50 50
4
5

10Base5(ThickNet)
10Base5, ThickNet (" "), , -
, , 10Base2, .
. ( -
, , .)

, ,
, .

116 //.
10Base5,
, " " (vampire tap),
-, 10Base2.
. -
( -
) .
10Base5 -
15 , 10Base5
,
10Base5 . "
", ,
10Base2.
10Base5 . 7.3. -
, 10Base5 -
,
( 1970- - 1980- ,
Ethernet).

15

15

. 7.3. lOBase5 15

. 7.3 -
10Base5.

7.3. 10Base5

500 2500
100 1024
2,5 2,5
4
:>

7. 117
10Base5 5 , ,
.
Ethernet " 5-4-3":
-
,
.
, , ,
" -
" ThinWire , " -
" (ThickWire). ThinWire
, .

. -
.
, 200
, . Web-
Microtest (www.microtest.com) -
-
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.

-
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. 7.4. -

118 II.
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7. 119

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120 II.
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100- Ethernet
Ethernet -
100 /, : CSMA/CD
(Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance
; . 4)
( ). , 100-
Ethernet, :
CSMA/CD, Ethernet ( -
Fast Ethernet 100BaseT), -
( lOOBaseVG-AnyLAN).
. ,
, -
. Fast Ethernet
802.3, lOOBaseVG-AnyLAN 802.12.

7. 121
100BaseT lOBaseT , 10
. 100BaseT , -
100BaseT,
lOBaseT. lOBaseT 100BaseT
, ,
10
/, 100 /.
100BaseVG-AnyLAN ,
100BaseT, .
-
, (demand priority].
, iOOBaseVG-AnyLAN
( ,
).
lOOBaseVG-AnyLAN -
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.
CSMA/CD , , ,
, , .
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, -
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CSMA/CD.
lOOBaseVG-AnyLAN , -
, 100Base VG-AnyLAN,
, 100BaseT,
lOOBaseVG-AnyLAN. , 100BaseT
, lOOBaseVG-AnyLAN.

Gigabit Ethernet
, , , -
, ,
100 /.
Gigabit Ethernet. Gigabit Ethernet
, . -
, "" -
, , , " ",
.
, Gigabit Ethernet
. ( -
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net , , -
.
Gigabit Ethernet
.

122 II.
Gigabit Ethernet CSMA/CD,
, Ethernet. -
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7. 125
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,
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Windows Server 2003, 5.
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130 III. , !
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Enterprise Servers 2003.
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Commerce Server 2000.
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Internet Security and Acceleration Server 2000.
Mobile Information 2001 Server.
SharePoint Portal Server 2000.
SQL Server 2000.
, Windows 2003, -
Web- www.microsoft.com/net. , -
Windows 2003, - .

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8. Windows 2003 131


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2003
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132 ///. , !
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8. Windows 2003 133


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134 III. , !
Windows 2003 -
, Fiber Channel. -

, -
.
Windows Server 2003 -
, (network address
translation NAT) (Terminal Services).

Internet
Windows Server 2003 Internet Information
Server (US') 6.0.
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Pages ) Windows 2003 Web-
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.
Windows 2003 ,
, ,
, . ,
Windows 2003 , , -
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8. Windows 2003 135


9
, ,
Windows 2003!
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setup disks.
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-, -
- .
, , .

9. , ... 137
S . Microsoft
RIS (Remote Installation Service ), -
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( , Windows
2003 , .)


, - . -
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Windows 2003, Windows 2003
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Microsoft :
www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/.
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.
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) Web- (www.microsoft.com/hwdq/hcl/).
.

138 ///. , !

, Windows Server 2003 -
, .
S . , HCL.
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, - , 550 . -
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, 256 512 .
S -. Windows Server 2003 -
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- Windows Server 2003 ,
, ,
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.
NTFS (New Technology File System ) -
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FAT (File Allocation Table ).
Microsoft
,
FAT.

9. , ... 139
/ . ,
Windows Server 2003 , Setup Windows
2003 , -
(per-server) (per-seat).
^ . ,
.
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Windows 2003 , .
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Control Protocol/Internet Protocol / Inter-
net), 14. , -
TCP/IP
DHCP- (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol -
). Internet, ,
- .
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) Internet, Web-.
US-, -
Web- RAS- (Remote Access
Service ). RAS-
.
Web- RAS- . -
Internet-.
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.
Windows Server 2003, , -
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. 11 12.

ceft6efta
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), -
Microsoft . -
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.
Microsoft ,
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.

140 III. , !
9.1. : Microsoft ""
Microsoft
133 550
128 256
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Microsoft,
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(SVGA ) -
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Web- Microsoft, , Windows Server
2003 (www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/). -
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(www.ntfaq.com), Windows 2003.

Windows 2003:

. *
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Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit, -1
no Internet . -1
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9. , ... 141
, ,
HCL Microsoft. Microsoft -
, Windows 2003.
Microsoft , Microsoft -
. Microsoft HCL.
, HCL, -
, , -
Microsoft .
HCL Microsoft, -
HCL Web-
www.microsoft.com/hwdq/hcl/.
,
HCL, -
-. -
Windows ( ,
- sturtup.exe). Check System
Compatibility ( ), Check My System
Automatically ( ). -
, -
Internet,
HCL ,
.
.

,: Windevvs 2003
Windows Server 2003
. , -
, : -
-.


-
. , ,
Windows Server 2003.
1. , HCL.
Windows 2003 , -
HCL, . ,
HCL, .
2. .
, Windows 2003 Plug-and-Play, -
, ,
- (dual in-line
package DIP).
3. , Internet,
.

142 ///. , !
Windows 2003
Windows 2003 -
-. ,
. , .
,
-.
CMOS-. , ,
CMOS,
.
1. - Windows Server 2003 -
.
-, .
GUI,
Collection information ( ), Dynamic
Update ( ), Preparing installation ( -
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( ). ,
Windows Setup Wizard ( Windows).
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New Installation (Advanced) ( ()),
Next ().
License Agreement ( ).
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( ) . -
Next , -
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Back () (
Back ), "
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Agreement ( ), Next
Your Product Key ( ).
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Setup Options ( ),
, .
, -
.
5. ,
. , -
, Magnifier ()
Narrator (), Accessibility Options
( ) . -
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Next

9. , ... 143
Get Updated Setup Files ( -
).
6. Internet, Yes, Download the
Updated Setup Files (, ), -
Next Internet,
No, Skip this Step and Continue Installing Windows (, -
Windows),
Next.
Yes (), Dynamic Update (
) .
-
. , Windows
Server 2003 .
.-^Welcome to "Setup
: Tliis portion of the setup program prepares.- Microsoft'
. Windows ,2003 ** to ~run on yourv-computer.
*Tb,set -up- Windows now, press ENTER.
*To Repair "".a Windows installation -using Recovery Console,
press R.
'f *To.:: qiiit Setup without'installing Windows, Press-'F3.
. { . - -'..
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Microsoft' Windows.2003 ",
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Windows Server 2003.
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, .
-
Windows, <Enter> -
.

Windows, <>.

. -
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("New
(Unformatted)"). <Enter>.
, ,
<D>.
. <L>, .

144 III. , !
-
Windows. -
1,5 , Windows 2003 (, ,
4 ).
9. , -
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NTFS, <Enter>.
,
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<Enter> 15
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Options ( ) ,
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Next.
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, : Per Server
( ), Per Device ( ) Per User ( ),
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, ,
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,
.

, , , -
.

9. , ... 745
, , Per Server.
, Number of Concurrent Connections ( -
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.

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.
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Next
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17. ,
.
TCP/IP
DHCP.
, ,
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IP-, -
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) Custom Settings ( ),
Next.

, : Client for
Microsoft Networks ( Microsoft), Network Load Balancing
( ), File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft
Networks ( Microsoft)
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) ( ).
) Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) ( ),
Properties ().
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.
) Use the Following IP Address ( -
IP-).

14$ III. , !
) IP-, , .
) .
19. , , -
.
) Typical Settings ().
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20. , , -
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( ),
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<Enter>, , 15 ,
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<Ctrl+Alt+Del>.
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Windows Server 2003 ,
Windows Server 2003! ( ,
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, . -
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i386 - Windows Server
2003 , -
,
. ,
- ,
.

9. , ... 147
/&1/
-
, DOS, Windows 3 JT, Windows for Workgroups, Windows 9jc, Windows NT, Win-
dows 2000 Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 .
, .. .
-, .
Windows Server 2003 DOS, Windows 3.x, Win-
dows for Workgroups, Windows 9j,
Windows Server 2003.
Windows Server 2003 -
, ,
Windows 9 jr .
- -
Run ().
16- DOS, Windows 3 jc Windows for
Workgroups,
< CD-ROM>: \i386\winnt
32- , Windows 9.x, Windows NT, Win-
dows 2000 Windows XP, ,

<6 CD-ROM>: \13S6\winnt32
,
, .
, Windows
Server 2003 (Welcome to Windows Setup wizard).
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, DOS, Windows 3.x
Windows for Workgroups .
1. , i386 -
-, <Enter>.
- -
.
2. , -
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<Enter>.
, 8, -
, " Windows 2003: ".
- Windows Server 2003 -
-
(, Windows NT), -
, Windows
2003. Yes, -
WINNT WINNT32.

148 . , !
Windows 9.x, Windows NT, Windows 2000 Win-
dows .
1. Welcome to Windows Setup Wizard New
Installation (Advanced) Next.
2. . I Accept This Agreement,
Next.
3. , Next.
Setup Options ( ).
4. Advanced Options ( ).
5. Installation Folder ( ),
.
6. Windows 2003 , ,
( ), , -
I Want to Choose the Install Drive Letter and Partition (
).
7. .
8. Next
- .
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, -
8, , " Windows 2003: ".

&
Windows Server 2003 , -
-.
-, WINNT WINNT32.
DOS, Windows 3jc Windows for Workgroups
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. ( , -
.) , -
.
Windows 9jc, Windows NT, Windows 2000
Windows .
, Advanced Options (
Advanced Options Setup Options ) Copy all
Installation Files from Setup CD ( CD-ROM ).

&
Microsoft , -
(Remote Installation Service RIS). -
Windows 2003 . ,
, , .

9. , ... 149
, RIS, :
(Domain Name Service DNS), DHCP Active Directory.
, , Windows Server 2003 "" ,
, "" (-
boot Extension Environment ), -
.
,
RIS, ,
TechNet Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.

-
. , , -
, Active Directory, , , 11-18.
, ,
.

, Microsoft -
, (Activation) (
Windows XP). , Windows
Server 2003, Microsoft 30- , )
. ,
31- . , -
, .
.
,
50- . -
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, ,
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Microsoft ,
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Internet,
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(icon tray) (system /ray), -
. ,

150 III, , !
.
-
(Activation Wizard), Start. -
, All Programs^AccessoriesO
System Tools (^^).

Windows 2003
(service pack) "" -
. Microsoft
. , Microsoft
,
, .
, Windows 2003
Windows Server 2003.
, Microsoft
Windows Server 2003 . -, Windows Up-
date , -
. -,
, -
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2003 , ,
.
Windows 2003 , -
- -
. , -
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-.
Microsoft , , -
"". , Web-, -
: www.microsoft.com/windowserver2003/.


(Automated System Recovery ASR)
ERD (Emergency Re-
pair Disk), , , Windows NT. ASR -

. ASR , -
, . ,
, ASR , -
.
ASR .
ASR Welcome ( -
) Backup ( ) (Start^All Programs^ Accessories -^System
Tools^Backup). ASR -
( ,
).

9. , ... 151
-,
, , , -
ASR, <F2>. -
- .
, . -
"" Backup
( ).
,
-
.

, MOSL ^ /
, HCL (Hardware Com-
patibility List ), -
. ( ?)
.
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-,
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152 III. , !
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, ... 153
,
Windows 2003 .
, ,
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Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.

154 III. , !
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Server (1* => 1* ).
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Next Welcome Configure Your Server Wizard, -
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Steps , ,
.
Internet.
(, ), -
.
Windows Server 2003 ( -).
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Server Role ( ), . 10.1,
, .

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol -


) . 14.
DNS (Domain Name Service ) . 14.
Active Directory . 11 12,
. 16,
. 13.
.
5 (Internet Information Services Internet) -
.
WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service Internet Windows)
. 14.

, Terminal Service, Streaming


Media Server, SharePoint Team Services Real Time Communication Server,
, Resource Kit Windows Server 2003.

Conficmre Your Server Vtfifard

Seivei Role
You cer. SB' UD this seivei to pertom one mofe specific totes. After you
comctoe tW* Hizaid.you can sod ihrt lecver to a domain.

lavei. if you wat^tittvK lo'perf;em mere than on* function

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Server Wizard , .
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.

156 III. , !
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, , ; -
. Active Directory
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(domain). , "-"
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, , -
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( , ), -
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.
Active Directory , -
.
Windows Server 2003 Windows Server 2003, , -
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, . -
,
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.
, .
.
1. Next Configure Your Server
Wizard. Next Preliminary Steps.
- Configure Your Server Wizard
, Windows Server 2003.
, Start -
StartoAl! ramso Administrative Tools^Configure Your Server.
2. Domain Controller (Active Directory) ( -
(Active Directory)), Next.
.

10. .' 757


Finish ().
- Active Directory Installation Wizard.
-
-. -
-
.
4. Next.
Domain Controller Type (
).
5. , ,
Domain Controller for a New Domain { -
). Next.
Create New Domain ( ).
6. , ( ,
), Domain in a New Forest ( -
). Next.
New Domain Name ( ).
7. .
FQDN (fully qualified domain
name ), mycompany. local
googleplex.com. ;
Windows Server 2003. .
, -
Internet (, google-
plex.com), ,
Internet (, mycompany. local mycompany. ad)
8. Next.
NetBIOS Domain Name
. ,
Acrive Directory.
15 , ,
, googleplex mycompany.
9. ( ),
Next .
, NetBIOS- , -
, 15 , -
NetBIOS DNS (Aa-Zz, 1-9 ) -
, .
Database and Log Folder (
), - -
. , -
, , ,
,
.

158 ///. , !
10. Next.
Shared System Volume ( ),
SYSVOL. -
,
.
11. Next.
DNS, DNS Registration
Diagnostics ( DNS). -
DNS, ,
.
12. Install and Configure DNS Server on this Computer
( DNS- ),
Next.
Permissions (), , -
, ,
Windows 2000. ,
, Windows 2000, , -
, ,
Windows 9x Windows NT Workstation,
, , .
, -
Windows 2000 Server, -
Active Directory Installation Wizard ( ,
, ), Compatible Access
( ) Anonymous Logon (
) Everyone security ( ).
, Anonymous Logon
,
, Permissions
compatible only with Windows Server 2003 Operating System (
Windows Server 2003).
13. ,
Next.
Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password
( ), -
, -
,
Active Directory.
14. Next
Summary (), , -
.
15. Next.

( ), .

10. ! 159
16. IP-,
DHCP,
,
IP- DNS.
.
17. Local Area Connection Properties (
: ) Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP),
Properties.
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.
18. Use the Following IP Address ( -
IP-). IP Address Subnet Mask -
.
, - , :
192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0. ,
TCP/IP, 14.
19. Local Area Connection Properties,
Close ().
20. ,
Finish.
21. ,
Restart Now ( ).
22. . , -
!

, -
. , , -
, , .
, Active Directory.
, DHCP, DNS, WINS,
, .
.
Web-, - .

Active Directory 11 12, - 16,


13. , -
, .
Windows Server 2003 , -
, ,
Configure Your Server Wizard. Windows Server 2003 -
, .
Windows NT, , ,
Windows Server 2003, ,
. , -
Active Directory .

160 , , !

Windows Server 2003 Internet Information Services (US) 6.0 -
(Streaming Media Server),
Windows (Windows Media Services WMS). IIS Web- FTP-
Internet. WMS -
-, , , , -
, .
WMS Configure Your Server
Wizard, IIS 6.0 WMS.
Internet Information Services Manager,
. 10.2, Starts Administrative
Tools^lnternet Information Services (IIS) Manager. ( -
( Microsoft Microsoft Management Console).)

. 10.2. Internet Information Services Manager US 6.0

Windows Server 2003 Windows Media Serv-


ices, -
Starto Administrative Tools ^Configure Your Server Wizard.
Streaming media server, -
- Internet .
US 6.0 ,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit TechNet.


Networking () Configure Your Server Wizard -
,
DHCP, DNS, Routing and Remote Access. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configu-
ration Protocol )

10. / 161
TCP/IP , -
. DNS (Domain Name System
) IP-. DHCP DNS -
14.
DHCP DNS ,
, -
.
Windows Service 2003 Resource Kit.
(Routing and Remote Access Service
RRAS) : ( -
(
) .
-
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network -
). Windows Server 2003 , -
,
. Routing and Remote Access Networking
Configure Your Server Wizard Routing and Remote
Access (- 10.3). -
Routing and Remote Access.

Routing and Remote ALL-SSS

Server Status
i W2QQ3SVR llocel] welcome to Routing and Remote Access
, Netwoifc. Interlaces
Routing and Remote Access provide: secure remote access to
s Porte private networks.
. IP Routing
Use Flouting and remote access to configure trie following:
jjf General
^1 SlaticRouleJ A secure connection between two private networks.
S IGMP * Virtual Private Network (VPN) gateway.
* A Dial-up remote accett server,
Rernole Access PoScies
* Network address translation (NAT).
fernoteAcceutoaginf)
LAN routing.
A basic firewall.
To add a Routing and Remote Accas* server, on the Acton menu,
click Add Server.
For rruxe information about setting up Routing and Remote Acces*
server, deployment jcenarios, end troubleshooting, see He.lq,

Puc. 10.3. Routing and Remote Access

.
1. Routing and Remote Access
(StartsAdministrative Tools^Routing and Remote Access).
2. Routing and Remote Access .
.

162 III. , !
3. , -
, Configure and Enable Routing and Remote Access
( ).
-
Routing and Remote Access Server Setup Wizard.
4. Next.
-
. Common Configurations
( ) .
Remote Access (dial-up or VPN) ( ( VPN).
Network address translation (NAT) ( ).
Virtual private network (VPN) access and NAT ( -
NAT).
Secure connection between two private networks (
).
Custom configuration ( ).
5. , ,
Custom configuration -
.
6. Next.
-
, - -
. , ,
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.
7.
.
, , ,
. , -
Internet .

, , -
, .

. , , -
. RRAS GUI- (Graphical User
Interface ),
-
. , -
, , -
, .
ROUTE!
.
Windows Server 2003 Resource
Kit Me , -
" " .

10. ! 163
.
: . Windows
Server 2003 ( -
) ( -
). Windows Server 2003 -
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.


Windows Server 2003 , -
, .
Internet (Internet Service Provider ISP) Internet-
.
, .
ISP.
.
.

, , ISDN-
. Add/Remove
Hardware (/ ) Control Panel ( ).
, , .
, ISP .
, -
,
ISP Windows Server 2003, -
.
1. Network Connections ( )
Starts Settings { => ),
. 10.4.
, .
2. New Connection Wizard ( -
), Next
3. Connect to the Internet ( Internet), -
Next.
4. Connect Using a Dial-up Modem ( -
), Next.
5. , ISP-,
Next.
6. Next
7. , , -
- , , ,
Next.
8. ISP,
Next Finish ().

164 III, , !
Dial-up

Itumheti QrJhe

LAM 01 High-Speed Inteinet

Lccal Area Connecter


Enabled
-!

ConneclmiWiiard

Puc. 10.4. Network Connections ( -


)

! Network Connections
. , Connection
(). -
!
, -
( )
( ). -
, .
,
Network Connections Properties (). -
Network Connections Property
.
, -
Disconnect -
Details (),
Disconnect.


Windows Server 2003 ,
Windows. -
Windows 2000, Windows XP.
Windows Server 2003
. , , Windows NT
RAS Windows 2000, -
Windows Server 2003.

10. ! 165
.
' (Point-To-Point Protocol )
. SLIP (Serial Line Internet Protocol
) -
, , .
( Windows XP Professional SLIP ,
SLIP.)
-
(pipeline).
(Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol )
Internet .
.
(Virtual Private Network VPN): EPSec
L2TP ( Windows Server 2003 Resource
Kit TechNet).
- ( ,
).
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-up User Service
).
( -
).

, , -
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.

166 III. , !
11


>
> Active Directory Windows Server 2003
> Active Directory
> Active Drectory
>


Active Directory. , ,
Windows "" ""
Active Directory Windows Server 2003.

tnattoe
, , -
. , -
! , .
, -
. (
.) .
, -
,
.
Microsoft, ,
Windows 2000. NetWare Novell Di-
rectory Services (NDS) eDirectory Netware 6
Novell Network Operating System (NOS) 1993 . Microsoft
Windows Server 2003 ( Windows 2000)
, -
. Microsoft Active Directory.
Active Directory Novell Directory Services -
, Active Directory Novell Directory Services -
Microsoft (Microsoft Directory Synchroni-
zation Services MDSS). MDSS,
NetWare 5, Active Directory NDS
NetWare ,
,
.
, Microsoft active.
Active Desktop, Active X, Active Directory. -
, Active Directory ( ).

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f
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f
, ,
. (,
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.)
Active Directory Windows Server 2003 -
. Active Directory
(Marcia Loghry) Active Directory For Dummies ( Wiley Publishing Inc.).


Active Directory ISO .500 (ISO International
Organization for Standardization ). . 11.1
.500. , -
, Active Directory Microsoft, No-
vell Directory Services (NDS), Netscape . .500 -
, -
,
, , ,
, . . 11.1 -
.
.500
.500 1988 1993 . 1993
1988 . , Active Directory Windows Server
2003 1993 .


Active Directory , -
LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
). LDAP 389
TCP. , LDAP -
. ( -
, "" ,
.500 DAP.)

168 III. , !


I \



HITIITT
. ILL .500

, , ,
Exchange Server Microsoft. ,
Active Directory Windows Server 2003
"" ( ) Exchange Server.
Windows Server 2003
(connector) Exchange Server,
. , -
Active Directory Connector.
, LDAP,
Web- RFC#1777 (Request For Comments ) -
w w w . i e t f . o r g / r f c / r f c ! 7 7 7 . t x t .


Windows Server 2003 -
.500 LDAP, -
. -
! Active Directory
? .
Active Directory Interaet-
DNS (Domain Name Service ).

11. 769

, -
, Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 , -
- Windows NT.
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 -
Windows NT Active Direc-
tory. , , Windows Server 2003,
Windows 2000 Active Director)' , , . -
Windows Server 2003, , Windows 2000. (
, -
, .)

...
Windows NT 4.0 15- NetBIOS
(Network Basic Input Output System -). -
//,
SAM (Security Account Manager
) ,
(primary domain controller PDC}.
NetBIOS 16 .
Microsoft NetBIOS 15 ; 16 -
NetBIOS Microsoft , -
.
NetBIOS Microsoft Web-
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=KB;en-us;ql63409.
, -
, , -
. Micro-
soft , BDC (backup domain controller
), SAM "
". BCD -
, ,
PDC.
PDC
SAM BDC .
PDC-, BDC- PDC-
SAM. PDC- BDC-
"-", , -
SAM, PDC PDC
BDC. , PDC- , SAM
, PDC BDC
PDC. ?
,,
, -
: " ,
"", "", " "" -
".

170 III. , !
Windows Server 2003 NetBIOS
; DNS. ( DNS-
14.) , Dummies
sales.dummies .com. -
NetBIOS ,
, Active Directory, Windows 98
Windows NT, . ( -
Active Directory, 10.) ,
SAM Windows Server 2003.
, Active Directory.
, SAM, -
LDAP, Active Directory.
Windows Server 2003 , -
LDAP, . Windows NT,
.
Windows Server 2003 Active Directory
, SAM.


PDC- DC- Active Direc-
tory Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003.
(, , " ", ). -
? ,
(multi-master replication), ,
, . ,
"-" BDC
Windows Server
2003 ( ) . ( -
(trust relationship) , -
, .)

Windows NT 4.0 Windows Server 2003 " ". Windows
Server 2003 . -
BDC Windows NT 4.0 ( PDC)
Windows Server 2003. , PDC-
Windows NT 4.0 Windows Server 2003
. -
Windows NT 4.0 BDC.
BDC- Windows NT 4,0 -
PDC. Windows Server
2003 BDC- Windows NT 4.0,
BDC Windows NT 4.0 . ,
Windows Server 2003
(Flexible Single Master Operations (FSMO) role), .
PDC.

11. 171
, Windows
Server 2003, PDC -
. ,
. PDC
,
.
. -
, -
.
, , -
PDC, PDC -
(, ).

NetBIOS
Active Directory
Windows Server 2003. Windows
Server 2003, DNS-cepaepy ,
:

_ldap . _tcp . dummies . com , ,


dummies, coin.
Windows Server 2003 DNS .
, DNS-
, .

// /tadbrita/

Active Directory
.500, LDAP
DNS . ,
, Active Directory, ?
Active Directory.
J
. . Active Di-
rectory (Access Control List ACL), -
, ,
, .
. Active Directory
(global directory), -
. , Active Directory, -
.
. -
, .
. Active Directory , , -
.

III. , !
, ""
"" ,
( .)
.

, Active Directory .500.
LDAP 2 3 HTTP (Hypertext Transfer
Protocol ). ,

.
^ . Active Directory -
, -
. (tree),
.500 -
. -
, ( ) !

Active Directory ,
Active Directory .
.
-
.


Windows Server 2003 .

( -
).
:
Active Directory, -
USN (Update Sequence Number ).
, , -
. , ,
, -
UNS-, . -
.
UNS-, .. ,
UNS-.
UNS- (atomic operation)', -
, UNS- -
. ,
, ; -
Active Directory UNS-. , -
. -
UNS- ,
. , -
. ,
UNS- !

11. 173

; Windows Sewer 2003 ' Windows 2000 ( - '
i ), ,
> . ;
;- , ;
| . .
| , , {root domain] .
. (forest root domain], =
'- . Active Directory Wiridows 2000
; Windows Server 2003 ( ), , -
; . Active Directory .
I ;
:
; , -
Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003. - ;
; , Active Directory, ;
' , .
: ..'.".;... ....;,....... . ............. .< - .... ...;.,.,..__ ...... .... . *.......-... ....... .... .... ..... . . ... . .. .'

-
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, .
, UNS- .
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23
D 53
UNS-
.

UNS-
5
23
D 64
, , -
.

UNS-
55, 56,57, 58

D 54-64
-
.

174 III. , !
(Up-to-Date Vector)
, (Globally
Unique Identifier GUID)
USN. UNS- ,
,
. ( , ,
.) (High Wa-
termark Vector) USN -
. , ,
, -
.
, -
(Property Version Number PVN), PVN-,
PNV . ( -
?) PNV ,
.
PNV-.
PNV ,
(time stamp). , -
. -
, , , , -
.
PNV

. PNV ( UNS)
, . PNV- -
, "" .
, -
, . -
Windows Server 2003, -
Active Directory -
.


Active Directory . -
,
Active Directory. : .
, - , , -
. .
-
, , ,
, , ..
, .
, , SCHEMA.INI, -
NTDS-D1T, Active
Directory. SCHEMA.INI %systemroot%\ntds, ASCII-,
.
Active Directory . ,
"" --

11. 175
. -
, ,
, Active Direc-
tory . -
, Exchange Server, .
- , ,
. , -
Active Directory.
( Active Directory
-) .
,
. , -
, .
. -
"
Active Directory" (Active Directory Programmer's Guide) Web- Microsoft
(www.microsoft .com).


Active Directory (..
,
).
,
. . -
; , -
. ,
Active Directory, -
.
,
.
,
.

, , , -
. -
.
-
,
,
Active Directory .

fiirecton/
Windows NT,

. ,

176 III. , !
. -
, Active Directory.
Windows 2000, - -
. Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000 -
, , ,
.
( "")
,
.
, Windows Server 2003 -
. Windows 2000 Windows
Server 2003, Windows 2000
Windows Server 2003. . -
. , ,
, - . -
-
, .
, Windows 2000,
Windows Server 2003. -
Windows Server 2003 , Windows NT,
Active Directory Microsoft,
. , Windows Server 2003, -
Windows NT. Windows 2000,
- , .
, -
.
Windows NT Active
Directory Windows Server 2003.


(namespace) ,
,
.
.
, , -
DNS Active Directory. , NetBIOS,
.
Windows Server 2003 DNS-
NetBIOS.
"-" ( ""
), Windows NT. , sales. dummies . com -
dummies . com. ( -
.)
, "-"
Active
Directory DCPROMO. -
, . ,
, !

11. 177
,
. ,
, , -
. , -
dummies. com sales . dummies. com
dummies. com. -

Windows Server 2003.


Active Directory ,
. -
.


. TCP/IP , -
,
IP-.
.
Default-First-Site
. -
, .
, .
Active Directory Site and
Services, Microsoft Management Console (MMC).
, .
1
1. Active Directory Site and Services (Start *Administrative
Tools =>Active Directory Site and Services) (1*=>Active
Directory ).
2. Sites ()
New Site ( ).
New Object Site ( ).
3. (, New York).
63 ('.')
. . -
DCPROMO DEFAULTff SITELINK. -
, .
4. , , .
5. , ,
.
, , IP-.
.
1. Active Directory Site and Services (StartsAdministrative
Tools^Active Directory Site and Services) (<=> ^Active
Directory ).

178 III. , !
2. Sites.
3. Subnets ()
New Subnet ( ).
New Object Subnet ( ).
4. <>/<
, 200.200.201.0/24 200.200.201.0
255.255.255.0
5. , , New York.
6. ,

, .
. 14.
Help Windows Server 2003.


(organizational unitOU) -
.500. , .
,
,
, , .
, ,
.
, ,
Windows NT Server (, , -
- -
). Active Directory
.
,
. -
,
' ,
.
-
Windows NT, " ".

^Active 2)lrecton/
Windows NT .
.
/ .
PDC-.
BDC-.

-/-
. ,
Windows NT.

11. 179
Windows Server 2003 , -
. -
( ),
, , . -

-
. Windows NT
-
.


Windows Server 2003
. Active Directory Installation Wizard. -
Con-
figure Your Server (Start^AII Prog rams-^Administrative Tools^Configure Your Server
. 10) DCPROMO, Run
() . - Active Directory Installation Wizard
Active Directory ;
. Active
Directory 10.

Active Directory
Active Directory "",

%systemroot%\NTDS\ntds -dit. , -
. ,
SAM Windows NT, NTBACKUP,
Windows Server 2003, Active Directory,
( System State -
). {directory restoration
mode), , Active Di-
rectory! ( 17.)
(share system volume), SYSVOL, -
. -
, (File Replication Service). SYSVOL
NTFS 5.0,
.
SYSVOL , (
) %systemroot%\SYSVOL\sysvol, -
. ,
NETLOGON savilltech.com
%systemroot%\SYSVOL\sysvol\savilltech.com\SCRIPTS. -
, , ,

( 15 ).

180 HI. , !

Windows Server 2003 : , , .NET
.NET. (mixed-mode domain} BCD-
Windows NT 4.0 Windows Server 2003.
(native mode)
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000, BCD- Windows NT 4.0
. ,NET (.NET mode) -
, Windows Server
2003. .NET (.NET interim mode)
Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2003.
.NET-
, ,
Windows Server 2003
Windows 2000 Windows Server
2003 .NET. ,
CD- Windows NT 4.0.

(universal group), , , -
. NetBIOS - -
, NetBIOS- , -
.NET.
.

,
.NET
.NET . : -
. , ,
, .
, -
Windows Server 2003.
1. Active Directory Domains and Trusts (StartsAdministrative
ToolsO Active Directory Domains and Trusts) (^^
Active Directory ).
2. , .
3. Action^Raise Domain Functional Level (
).
Raise Domain Functionality ( -
).
4. Windows 2000
native mode Windows .NET Server mode,
Raise ().
, .
5. .
, -
15 .
6. .

11. 181
. -
, -
(
Properties).
15-20 , . .

(, -
),
,

&
,
Windows Server 2003. Windows NT 4.0 -
-
. Windows Server 2003 -
, .


Windows NT 4.0 -
. , "" , "" ,
"" (. I J .2).



Windows NT 4.0,

Windows 2000

. 11.2. Windows NT4.0

-
, ,
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000. ,
Windows Server 2003 Windows 2000, -
. , ""

182 III. , !
. -
, -
, .
Windows Server 2003
Kerberos. Kerberos Version 5.0
Windows Server 2003, -
Microsoft. Kerberos ,
. ,
. Kerberos -
, Kerberos
. Kerberos ,

. Kerberos
Requests for Comments 1510 1964, IETF (Internet Engineering
Task. Force Internet).
Web- www. rfc-editor.org.


Windows Server 2003 "" . ,
legal. savilltech. com "" savilltech.com (
, , ).
. . 11.3,
dev. savillCORP.coin "" savilltech.com,
. "" -
.

"" , .
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"-
" DCPROMO.EXE.
.
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"" "", -
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.

11. 183
legal.savilltech.com dev.savillCORP.com


DNS- ""

defense.legal.savilltech.com

. 11.3. "-"


, -
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"-
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184 III. , !
legal.sawlltech.com dev.savilltech.com

defe nse.legal.sayilltech.com

. 11.4.

,
.
. Microsoft , -
, .
, .
,
,
.

11. 185
12
Active Directory,

ou ...
>
>
>
>

Active Directory ,
.
( ) . -
Active Directory. ,
, , -
-
. , ; . , ,
, .
Windows 2003
11.

qouteita
Windows Server 2003,
Active Directory Installation Wizard. ( -
Active Directory Installation Wizard 11.) Windows Server 2003
(PDC) Windows NT
PDC ,
(BDC). Windows 2003 -
,
(PDC) (BDC) "-".
DC- Windows NT 4.0 Windows
NT 3.51 (mixed-mode), -
Windows Server 2003 PDC-
Windows NT Server 4.0.
BDC-, -
, .
, -
. ( " "?) -
, Windows Server 2003
. ""
Windows NT . , -
-
.
(Flexible Single Master Operations
(FSMO));
.
^, ,
, .
, FS - ,
. FSMO- -
. FSMO- ,
, , .
, -
,
FSMO- ;
, . -
.
FSMO- NTDSUTL. -
NTDSUTL Windows Server 2003
Resource Kit.
-
Active Directory.

I S (Schema master). -
, , Active Directory.
, -
. , , -
, Active Directory . -
, (Schema Ad-
ministrators Group). ( 11.)
/ (Domain naming master).
, .

. -
,
LDAP. ;
(Enterprise Adminis-
trators group), -
, FSMO- () .
/ (Relative RID).
( ,
). RID, -
100 RTO. , RTO
,
. , -
(RID). .

12. Active Directory... 187


PDC-. - PDC -
Windows NT ,
BDC- Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2000 -
Windows 2003 ( ).
Windows NT 4.0, , -
BDC- .
BDC-
Windows 2000 Windows 2003 ( )
. -
PDC- , -
.
, , -
- PDC.
. -
,
(, ) . -
"-" -
. -
, , -
, . (
, " ".)

- Windows NT 4.0
Active Directory
, , FSMO- (.. -
Windows NT), (
PDC),
(Security Account Manager SAM).
(BDC). SAM -
, PDC-, -
, .
( , -
), -
,
-.
,
.
: . "" ,
, -.
"" , -
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, ""
, "" . -
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). ,
"" , , Windows NT -
. , "" ,
"" , "" . -

188 III. , !
"" , -
. ? ,
.
, Active Directory -
Windows Server 2003
. Windows Server 2003 ,
, (NTDS.DIT),
- . Windows Server 2003 -
, -
Windows 2003, -
Windows NT 4.0 Active Directory
. -
, -
. "" , "" , ""
, .
, , Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003
.
.


Windows NT
,
.
, Windows Server 2003, -
, " Windows Server 2003 ,
". , ? , , :
. ( , " ".) -
, 11, -
.
-
Active Directory.
.
Windows NT -
( !) .
Windows Server 2003 !
(site) ,
IP-. ,
? ! -
.
: (infra-site
replication) ( ) (inter-site
replication) ( ).


Active Directory -
(, ), -
.
(originating update). , -
, (

12. Active Directory.., 189


) , . -
,
. Active Directory -
(replicated update), -
.
-
( );
, -
. .
. -
,
, .
. -
.
. -
( , Windows NT 4.0), -
,
PDC-. Windows 2003
PDC FSMO; PDC FSMO -
, , .
-
( ), -
, , - -
.


-
. Windows Server 2003. -
,
.
Active Directory Sites and Services MMC (Start^Administrative
toof^Active Directory Sites and Services). ( . Windows 2000
(snap-in). , .)
Inter-Site Transport ( ) IP. -
(, ),
Properties (). ,
General (), Change Schedule ( ).
(. 12.1), -
.
. 12.1, 12 5 -
. , . , -
6 7 .
. -
-
. ,
, -
, .

190 III. , !
. 12. i. -

, ,
(Global Catalog).

. Windows Server 2003 ,
, .


Windows 2003 -
! Windows
NT 4.0, 40000 .
,
.
, Windows 2003 1000000
. Compaq 16000000 -
,
. ,
, !
. Windows Server 2003 -
, , ,
, . ,
{, ), -
( ), - .
-
. , -
, ,
( ). , ,
, -
. ( 11.)
-
, -
, .

12. Active Directory... 191


(, &
Active
Directory, .
Windows Server 2003 , -
, ADSI (Active Directory
Scripting Interface Active Directory).


Windows Server 2003, Active
Directory (Microsoft Management Console -
Microsoft).
Active Directory Users and Computers, . 12.2. -
( ),
. User and
Server Manager Windows NT.

<^ File .' View Window Help

Activ* Direct^ Users ytd Cnrtxjert


23 S*ved i ":,.."" liaasifaiji
I Account Operator!
jAdmnilratoi! Sscuit|i Group-. AdminiHnlori have cnpWp and u>iri!ict.
j 5 ackjc Opetalori Stcunj1 Giouc -. Backup Doaats can tjvenide secjilv its.
GueKs ha-e Ibe sane 4CCB3; rnembeia .
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SPre-Winto 30 * Ac' Securijj GrotP -. A backwad cornpulibU^ group vit*ch allmv
[JprrtDpBaiort Security GrcMJ .
Sscn.'iGiDup- MambeiirirJipijioup j-e c; aided'hpn^hl .
JRtpfeJa Secwiiy GIDUP
3 SBVB Opnetors Security GiauPj Membeit can (toman s
EecuntjiGiouc-. U?ffii aie prevented liommakng

Puc. 12.2. Active Directory Users and Computers

Active Directory Users and Computers,


Starts Administrative tool^Active Directory Users and Computers (=-
1^Active Directory: ).
( DNS- )
. (
).
(OU), , -
, -
. Active Directory .

192 HI. , !
S Builtin (). ,
Windows NT 4.0, Administrators and Backup Operations
( ).
S Computers (). ,
Server Manager Windows NT. - -
.
S Domain controllers ( ). -
, .
/ Users (). -
. .

-
, , -
.
Windows Server 2003 - (context
driven). ,
, , -
. , "" , -
, "" .


Windows Server 2003 , , -
, .
( ),
.
Windows NT -
.
. Windows Server 2003 .
, . -
, , , - -
, , -
. ,
, -
, ( , ).
(OU)
. OU
(, ,
, ..). -
- - -
OU. , ,
, -
OU OU. , ?
- : ,
User/Computer ,
- . ,
, -
.

12. Active Directory... 193


- .
1. Active Directory Users and Computers
Starts Administrative tool=> Active Directory Users and Computers.
2. Active Directory Users and Computers -
( Users), -
, New=>User (^).
(
New Object User), . 12.3.

. 12.3.
- User Creation Wizard

3. , -
Next ().

.
User must change password at next logon ( -
).
User cannot change password ( ).
Password never expires ( ).
Account Is disabled ( ).
4. , Next
.
5. Finish ().

, . , , : " -
, ?" , -
. -
Properties
(). Properties (. 12.4).

194 III. , !
Elvis A, Presley Properties

j. ManbejQE 1 OWn, j...Object, j ..Securfe..


Remote contra! j Tiwial$ayice)PiaBej'COMt
.Addiest' j Account \ ;pidte | Telephone! 1

.C

Puc. /2.4.

-.
Windows Server 2003,
Exchange Server SQL Server ,
.

. Active Directory Users and Computers
, -,
New^User.
( New Object Computer), . 12.5.
,
(User or group).

:th$ Fcteng * sioup can join * wracwei to a domaa'


UtC! oi'gibup:;


P .ASow pfe-V&xtov 2QQU stomain eortroSer! to ute Ws count

Puc. 12.5. -

12. Active Directory... 195



Active Directory.
,
', Active Directory.
, , ,
. ( ,
.) , Active Directory
. Active Directory,
. .
Windows Server 2003 Search,
Start (StartsSearch) (^). -
, , . -
.
For files and Folders ( ).
On the Internet (B Internet).
Find Printers ( ).
For People ().

, , -
(Start^Search^Find Printers) ( ). -
: Printers (), Features
() Advanced (). Advanced,
.
Find Now (), .
,
, ,
.

ADSI
Active Directory ( ADSI) -
(script).
, , Java, Visual Basic, C++.
ADSI , -
, , .
, ADSI.
.
ADSI Web- www.microsoft.com/windows/,
(, !).
Windows Server 2003 resource Kit.

/35 ///. , !
&
fiasfteutetiusiMu qua //
" , " -
Windows Server 2003. - -
,
,
. , ,

.., , -
,
.

Active Directory
Windows NT, , , -
(Access Control Lists ACL). ACL
, ,
( ) , , ,
.
Windows Server 2003 ,
ACL- . , -
,
"" . ,
, , "
(Personnel Admin) , -
, ".


Active Directory -
. , !
( , ) Active Directory Users and Computers?
, , " ", -
. , -
. ,
Active Directory Users and Computers (StartsAdministrative tool^Active
Directory Users and Computers), Vie w=> Advanced Features
(^ ).
: LostAndFound System. -
, . , -
, Security ().
Active Directory Users and Computers -
. -
Properties (). Properties
Security, Advanced ().
, (Allow/Deny (/),
, (. 12.6).
...

12. Active Directory,.. 197


Ownet

Me Wwmatfen about ipeaal petmuAjm. !*

FuICo(*ot inot indented? This object only


Ful Conboi inherited^ The abject only
Special <not inherited) Thit object oHy
Change Passw <n inherited This object or*;
Send At <not inheijted> objec
Receive At (not inherited) This objec! only

repi*^ & et*ia! H*h the default t

moi aboU corftd. -

. 12.6. Advanced Security Settings


,

>
, .
, Active Directory ,
; .
, .


; . (explicit) -
, (intierited)
" " . -
.
, . , -
,
,
FTP (File Transfer Protocol ) ,
. , Active Di-
rectory , , -
, .
Advanced Features, Active Directory
Users and Computers? , .
Advanced Features View -
( -, Properties,
Security, Advanced),
Allow Inheritable permissions from parent to propagate to this object
and all Child Objects (
). , ?

198 III. , !
Allow Inheritable Permissions From Parent To Propagate To
This Object And All Child Objects . , , -
, ,
. .
, .
(Copy previously
inherited permissions to this object).
(Remove inherited permissions).
() (Cancel (disable) the inheritance).

, . ,
!



Active Directory
! -
. -
.
1. (
) Active Directory Users and Computers
Delegate Control ( ).
Delegation of Control Wizard .
2. , Next.
3. , .
Add (),
Active Directory .
( -
<Ctrl>).
. , -
, .
4. Next
,
(, ).
5. , Next -
, ,
.
(. 12.7), .
6. , Finish.

12. Active Directory... 199


Completing the Delegation of
Control Wizard

You chose lo deleuatB contiol at otyee


in the I olio wig ft cave Direct [older

Puc. 12. 7. Delegation of Control Wizard

. , -
.

Windows NT 4.0
. Windows Server 2003 -
, -
, -
.

, DCPROMO. , , -
"" Windows NT 4.0 , -
.



Active Directory,
Starts Administrative Tools^Active Directory Domains and Trusts. -
Active Directory Domains and
Trusts, Properties. -
Trusts (), . 12.8.
( ,
Windows NT 4.0.)
, Remove ().

200 ///. , !
/*uc. 72.5.

, ?
, " " (
), . -
,
.
(
, , Windows NT), -
. , -
, .
, , -
. , ,
, .

12. Active Directory. 201


13


> Windows 2003
>
>
>
> , Windows 2003
>
^ Windows 2003

, , -
. , -
, , .
, Microsoft
Windows 2003.
.
Microsoft (print
device) (printer), . Microsoft
HP LaserJet 1200
, -
. Microsoft
, .
Windows 2003, .

ti&tatHtt Windows 2003


,
. Windows Server 2003
.
. ,
, , Internet
.
(print device driver) ( , -
Microsoft), .
GDI (Graphic Device Interface ). -
GDI- ,
,
. , GDI-
(
Windows GDI ).
. ,
( ), Micro-
soft ( ) -
. , Microsoft, -
. .
.
Windows 98/SE/ME/NT/2000/XP,
,
. ,
.
. ; -
, , , , -
, .
,

.
(Print job). , .
GDI
.
( ),
. , -
() ,
, .
. , -
. , -
( Internet), -

Microsoft, Windows 2003/2QQO/NT Windows 9. ( -

, -
.j
, ,
, , . -
,
.
-
.
Windows 2003 Everyone ,
, , .
. , , -
.
(, -
). ,
, . ,
Printers and Faxes . -
" ".

13. 203
,
( (Administrators), (Print Operators) -
(Server Operators)), -
. -
. Windows 2003
Print Operators, ,
,
Starts Administrative Tools-^Active Directory Users and Computers,
Butltin ().

,
.
,
. -
. , !
I . -
Hewlett-Packard.
. -
, , . (
Microsoft), , , , !


,
. ,
, , .
, ,
(. 13.1).
,
, , , -
, -
, , -
, - , -
.


(logical printer assignment) ,
Windows 2003.
, Windows 2003 -
( ,
). Windows 2003

, ,
.

204 ///. , !
Windows Windows
Server 2003
1 1 Server 2003
2 2 2 3
3 3

4
4 Windows

2
( )

3 1
( ) 1 ( )

. 13,1.


" ". -
,
.
(print device pooling),
, .

, .
, ( ,
" ")- ,
Windows 2003 -
, .

, ,
, ( ) -
HPLJ1200. Windows 2003,
, HPLJ1200 ? -
!
. 2FLWest -
, HPLJ1200
.
, ,
. ,
(, ). -

13. 205
, , -
, .
, -
.
, ,
, .
. -
, , -
. , -
,
.
-
, . ,
,
.

, ,
. , -
, . -
,

.
- ,
, . ,
2FLWestEnv 2FLWest, ,
2FLWestEnv ,
. -
,
,
.. , ,
, .

/
, ,
, -
, . ,
, -
, . -
, , .

Printer and Faxes


, ,
Printers and Faxes ( ) Control
Panel ( ). (
Start^Printers and Faxes.) ,
. (
- Windows Server 2003.)

206 III. , !
Windows Server 2003, Printers and Faxes -
Add Printer ( ), ,
(
). , ,
Add Printer ( ). Windows 2003
Printers and Faxes (. 13.2),

f%PtinierearnJ Pants
Hie Ed -View Fworite* Tools Help
! >;s*h -FeWw
|-i Piinteit and Faxes

HPUsetJeil2005er.esP5 on
W2KPHO-1

Puc. 13.2. Printers and Faxes, -


Add Printer

Add Printer
, ,
,
Printers and Faxes.
- -
, Printers and Faxes.
Properties
() . .
Properties
.



(
). , , .
Microsoft Windows Server 2003,
.

S Windows Server 2003.


v' .
V (. . 13.1).
J .

13. 207

. ; .
, , , -
, , . -
, , .



. ,
, -
. ?
, "" ,
.
Windows Server 2003,
, Windows Server 2003, , -
- Windows Server 2003 (
) ,
.
(,
LPT1) Printers and Faxes -
Start^Printers and Faxes. .
1. Add Printer, -
. Next
2. Local Printer ( ),
Automatically Detect and Install My Plug and Play Printer ( -
Plug and Play), Next
New Printer Detection ( )
Plug and Play,
Plug and Play,
, .
3. Use the Following Port (
) , (
LPT1). Next
.
5. Manufacturers () --
. Printers () -
. Next
, ,
.
Have Disk ( )
.
6. Name Your Printer ( ) -
. -
. Next.
7. Printer Sharing ( ) -
, -
. ,

208 . , !
Do Not Share This Printer ( ).
Next
, ,
, ,
(, 2ndFLWestEnv, ..
),
7. Location and Comments ( )
-
, . (
: 2ndFLWestEnv, -
, .
. .)
, -
, .
, !
9.
( ), -
, -
, . Next.
-
Windows 2003 , Windows
Server 2003. , 6
,
( 9), Windows Server 2003 -
.
9. 8 ,
-
, -
.
.
, Sharing
() Properties (). -
, " ,
Windows 2003".
10. -
, -
.
, Finish ().
Back () Next () .
Windows,
, .
.
,
Windows Server 2003. -
, ,
, . Be-

13. 209
, ,
. , ,
, ,
, -
( )
" ".
.
Windows 2003, .
. -
.
, .
, Windows
2003 Everyone .
, " " ,
.
Active Directory, .

-
. ,
, ,
. -
.


, ,
Windows Server 2003. Windows Server
2003
. Windows Server 2003, -
,
.

, ,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 . -
, Windows Server 2003.
, ,
Microsoft. Windows
9, Windows NT/2000 Windows
,
. , -
.
-
1-10 " ",
Windows NT/2000 Windows XP Workstation.
Windows 9x, -
( 8 9).
.

210 III. , !

, Hewlett-Packard,
, , ,
, , -
. , ! -
IP-. -
, .
1. Printers and Faxes.
Printers and Faxes.
2. Add Printer
, Next.
3. Local and Network Printers ( -
) Local Printer Attached to This Computer
( , )
Automatically Detect and Install My Plug and Play Printer,
Next
.
4. Select the Printer Port ( )
Create a New Port ( ). -
Type of Port ( ) Standard TCP/IP Port
Next
Welcome to the Add Standard TCP/IP Printer Port
Wizard ( TCP/IP ).
5. Next.
Add Port ( ).
6. Add Port IP-
. ,
. Next.

, -
.
7. Finish.
Windows Server 2003
Active Directory -
.
Active Directory 11.


, -
.
, -
, "" .
,
. , -
, .

13. 211

.
, .
, ? , Printers and Faxes
! , -
Add Printer, ,
, LPTI, .
, -
Properties,
. -
, .
, -
.
, Windows Server 2003.
1. -
,
"JoePrinter".
, ,
" ".
2. Windows Server 2003.
3. Active Directory Users and Computers (
Active Directory) "JoePrinter*'
(Start ^Administrative Tools^Active Directory Users and Computers
(^^ Directory ).
4. Printers and Faxes Add Printer.
5. , , "
", .
Add Printer -
(My Computer ( )),
Type the Printer Name or Click Next to Browse for
the Printer ( ""
). , -
, -
.
, -
.
, -
. ,
,

qoctntftt tc
,
. (
Windows Server 2003 16.)

212 III. , !
, -
, . -
, .
1. Printers and Faxes (Start^Printers and Faxes).
2. ,
, Sharing ().
3. Sharing Share This Printer (
)
(, 2ndFLWest).
4. , Active directory,
List in the Directory ( ).
5. , !
, MS DOS,
,
.

nfiumnefiofl

. , . , ,
Windows Server 2003, -
Printers and Faxes, , -
.
Windows XP/2000 NT,
Printers and Faxes (Add Printer)
Networked Print Device ( ). ,
- ;
. Browse
, . !
' Windows 9x Windows Server 2003
( ), -
Printers and Faxes (Add Printer) -
.
, Windows Server 2003 .

//,
Windows 2003
,
, Windows Server 2003. -
, . -
, , -
, . !
, -
.

13. 273
. -
(),
. -
. , -
Windows Server 2003. , -
, -
.

, . -
, . , -
, ,
. ,
.
.
, .
. -
, . -
, -
,
, -
,
.
. ,
Printers
and Faxes. ( . 13.3 , -
.) ,
, .
General (). -
, , , ,
. ( , -
, , -
. . .)
, , -
. -
, .
. -
, .
Sharing (). , -
, .
Windows 2003, .
Windows 2003 ,
.
Ports (). ,
. -
, - (Media
Access Control );
TCP/IP, , -.

214 III. , !
Advanced (). -
. -
, ,
Security (). -
, ,
. Security, -
(
-
) .
, .
Device Settings ( ).
, ,
.

Pitc. 13.3. Properties


Printers and Faxes

.
, ,
22.
V HCL- .
, HCL Microsoft (Hardware Compatibility List -
).

, , -
Web- Microsoft, HCL.

73. 215
/ . , -
.
, . -
, , -
.
S . , -
, Hewlett-
Packard Epson. , -
. ,
, , -
.
/ . -
() . , , -
. , -,
. -
(, Hewlett-Packard), .
Hewlett-
Packard, -
, .
, ,
, , Web- Internet.
,
.
S . -
-
. , - -
. ,
, ,
.

fiaJotHM
Windows 2003
Windows 2003, Windows XP, -
. , ,
. Windows 2003 -
( ) Printers and Faxes.
. -,
-
( , ). -,
, Printers and Faxes
Start Control Panel File^Set Up Faxing (^
).
. Printers and Faxes,
.

216 III. , !
Properties ()
, . -
.
.
.
.
.
,
, , -

(
).
, ,
.
1
, File * Print ( ).
, -
-, , -
.
,
(Fax Console), ,
, ,
Outlook. ,
Tools ^Configure Fax from the Fax Console.
.
, . ,

, . , -
, -
. ,
, Windows 2003, -
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit.

13, 217
14
IP-
$ 1 ...
> TCP/IP NetBIOS
> IP-,
> IP- Internet
> IP-
> proxy-
> DHCP
>

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol


/ Internet) Internet -
. TCP/IP , -
: TCP/IP , -
. -
, DHCP
(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ), -
,
(Domain Name System DNS). TCP/IP, -
, ,
Windows Server 2003.

,: 7CP/JJ* MetfiJOS
Windows Server 2003 -
. .
, NET USE,
, ,
.
NET.' USE G: ': A VkANWRIGHTjS-\APP'S ' ^'-"^- "^

G APPS
LANWRIGHTS. TCP/IP ,
, LANWRIGHTS ,
IP-, 172.16.1.7.
TCP/IP, -
IP- . ,
, Windows 2003 -
"",
TCP/IP Windows Server 2003.
NetBIOS
NetBIOS , , , , -
. . NetBIOS ,
, , .
NetBIOS- . Windows Server
2003 , Windows 2003, -
. NetBIOS
. ,
, Windows 2003 , .
, ,
,
. , ,
(browser services), -
. , -
, . -
nopt , .
NetBIOS- -
.
S NetBIOS- 15 . ( -
, DOS Windows 3.x,
NetBIOS-, 8 .)
/ NetBIOS- :
" ( );
/ ();
\ ( );
[ ( );
] ( );
: ();
; ( );
( );
= ( );
+ ( "");
* ("");
? ( );
< ( );
> ( ).
, ,
. (NetBIOS-, $, -
.)
J . Windows 2003 -
,
,
.
^ , , .
,

14. IP- 219


,
. , -
() (, Sales (), Accounting
() Engineering ()).
NetBIOS-, ? NetBIOS-
, , .
-
. , :
.
NetBIOS-, My Network Places ( ) Windows
Explorer. NetBIOS-, ,
. 14.1 ( W2kpro-l W2kpro-2).

File Edit View Fnrentec Too

S: * wits* (H:|
NBSFRE.EN :)
3 * Control Panel
etwoik Placet
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vj Miciosoft THminal Setvics*
t% Microsoft Wndows Netwrtk


S Wnppro.2
Giaceland
Wneli-5
Web Client Network

Pwc. /4. /. NetBIOS-

TCP/IP
TCP/IP , NetBIOS. -
- TCP/IP 32- (, 172.16.1.11).
- TCP/IP IP-.
IP- .
- IP-
. Windows Server 2003 (
NetBIOS). Internet- ,
. , , WINS
(Windows Internet Naming Service Internet Windows) DNS (Domain Name
System ), -
(WINS) (DNS).
Web- Internet, , -
URL (Uniform Resource Locator -
), www. lanw.com/, IP- (2 06.224.65.194/),
Web-. , Internet DNS -

220 ///, , !
IP- . IP-,
Web- ; , -
DNS-, IP-, Web- -
.
IP-, Internet,
, , . VeriSign
(www.verisign.com) , -
"" Internet -
. , , - -
,
. , , ,
, mcdonalds . com cocacola. com. , - -
xyzcorp. com, ,
" XY2".
IP- : -.-, .
, ,
. , (top-level domain), -
(, . (Canada), . de
(Germany)) (.gov -
(government), . edu (education), . com
(commercial), . org (organization) ..).
: -
, .-. , , , jello.eng.sun.com,
j e l l o -; eng ( -
engineering); sun ( Sun Microsystems) ,
(. com) . ,
Internet ( VeriSign , -
Web- www.norid.no/domenenavnbaser/domreg.htm), -
, ,
, .
, -, ( -
),
(Fully Qualified Domain Name FQDN). FQDN- -
DNS-, -
IP-, , Web-
www. lanw.com IP- 206.224.65.194.
, Internet -
, IP-
. , Internet,
! , , - Inter-
net, .
IP-
.
Internet.
IP- ,
,
( ), , -
, .

14. /- 221
( ) VeriSign -
,
IP-, IP-, -
.
Internet; -
. -
NAT (Network Address Translation -
)
IP-, -
Internet .
, " : ".
, Web-
VeriSign www.verisign.com. -
( , -
FQDN-) ( FQDN-).
, ,
, Internet DNS-.

(/
, IP-, -
TCP/IP. IP- /
. (host). -
IP-.
-,
.

-
IP- : -. -
, . - -
. -

(network segment)
, (subnet). -
, .
. , -
,
. -
, -
.
IP- :
207/4'6 ; .249;-222 HUV/Vv-7:r
v
:
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( - www.microsoft.com.)
IP-
(dotted decimal notation). "" IP- .
IP-
;
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2Z2 ///. , !
, . -
, , -
, .
IP-
, . , ,
, NetBIOS- , -
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IP- 32- 32- , -
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, IP- .
IP-, -
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Web- IPng Transition, .
IP- "" IP- ,
.
-, .
, ,
Internet, D .
, -
.
.
.
.
, -
.
, -
(. 14.1). . -

;
; .
14.1.



1-126.x.y.z 126 16777214
128-191.x.y,z 16384 65534
192-223.x.y.z 2097152 254

-,
0.
10, 110.
, , -
(. 14.1 14.2).

127 . 14.1, -
. (loopback addresses) -
-
.

14, IP- 223


14.2. IP-
IP-
10.1.1.10 10 1.1.10
172.16.1.10 172.16 1.10
192.168,1.10 192.168.1 10

: IP-
TCP/IP
. . -, -
,
. -, -
, ,
. "" -
IP- IP-
.

h;B TCP/IP
tot . , -
, , Cisco Systems
:; Bay Networks. , ,
,
^. (, , ). ,
t: Windows 2003 -
;; ;.
|= (mu/tf-ftomed computers), " " ,;;

IP-
. (subnet mask) -
, - IP-
,
. - 255.0.0.0, 255.255.0.0
255.255.255.0 . ,
,
255 . , -
. 14.3.
14.3.



00000000 : 255.0.0.0 : 16777214 1
: 255.255.0.0 : 65534
: 255.255.255.0 : 254
10000000 : 255. 128.0,0 :

224 III. , !
. 14.3



: 255,255.128.0 :
0:255.255.255.128 ;
1100QOOO : 255.192.0.0 : 4194302 2
: 255.255,192.0 : 15382
: 255.255.255.192 : 62
11100000 : 255.224.0.0 : 2097150 6
: 255.255.224.0 : 8190
: 255.255.255.224 : 30
11110000 : 255.240.0.0 : 1048574 14
: 255.255.240.0 : 4094
: 255.255.255.240 : 14
11111000 ; 255.248.0.0 : 524286 30
: 255.255,248,0 : 2046
: 255.255.255.248 : 6
11111100 : 255.252.0.0 : 262142 62
; 255.255.252.0 : 1022
: 255.255.255.252 ; 2
11111110 : 255.254.0.0 ; 131070 126
8:255.255.254.0 ; 510
: 255.255.255.254 :

IP-,
IP-
. (default
gateway), -
. ( , , -
.) ,
.

: IP- Internet
-
(NAT) Internet -
IP-. -
Internet (ISP) . -
IP- .
ISP IP- . -
, -
ISP -
, IP-, Internet,
NAT.

14. IP- 225


Internet , ,
, IP- ISP. IP- -
. ISP IP-,
Internet .
, ISP, ,
IP-
. IP-, -

Internet. , (end-to-end connec-
tion) , -, Internet, ,
. , " : ",
, -, Inter-
net, IP-, .
, ,
- IP Secure (IPSec) -
(Secure Sockets Layer SSL),
! ,
,
, IP- IP-
.

:
-
-, IP-, -
RFC 1918 . (RFC (Requests for Comments)
, Internet
(Internet Engineering Task Force IETF), 1969
Internet . , .) -
ISP , -
, IP- ( Inter-
net-).
RFC 1918 ( Web- w w w . f a g s . o r g / r f c s /
rfcs!918 .html) - intranet-
. , . 4.4,
Internet.
, , ,
. ( ,
- Internet.) -
, , -
( , ,
).
14.4. IP- RFC1918


10.0.0.0-10.255.255.255 1
172.16.0.0-172.31.255.255 16
192.168.0.0-192.168.255.255 254

226 ///. , !
Internet
.
, IP- NAT , -
ISP ,
.
, Internet, , ,
(firewall) proxy. proxy- -
, ,
. -
, .
, -
, ,
. Proxy- ,

Internet. Proxy- -
( (caching) -
).
Internet ;
- . , -
Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 Web-
TechNet (www.microsoft.com/technet/default.asp), Internet-
, , .
Great Circle Associates (www. greatcircle .com).
Internet Security and Acceleration Server (ISA) Microsoft (www.microsoft.com
/isaserver).
(VPN) Aventail (www . aventail . com).
Zone- Alarm Zone Lab (www. zonealarm. com).
FIX Firewall Cisco (www. cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/pcat/fw. htm).
WinProxy Ositis Software (www.ositis . com).
WinGatePro Deerfield Communication (www. deer f i e l d , com).

Windows Server 2003


-, Internet Connec-
tion Firewall, Advanced
() . ,
, -
. IFC, -
, Help-, Support Center Resource Kit Windows Server 2003.

Windows Sewer 2003


"
TCP/IP Windows 2003 -
. -
. ,
Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 TechNet.

14. IP- 227


TCP/IP .
IP-.
.
'" ,

.
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties. , .
1. Start=> Control Panel^Network Connections Local Area
Connection ( ^ 1 ^
)
2. Properties ().
Local Area Connection Properties (
).
3. Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
4. Properties, Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties.

TCP/IP , .
1. Local Area Connection Properties
Install ().
Network Component Type ( ).
2. Protocol, Add ().
Select Network Protocol ( ).

CeeftWa, yeuwed to astyoor network adrrtnMratoi


for (he appropriate IP settings

20tWi'an.IPad*eE5SJt

PMC. 14.1. Internet Protocol


(TCP/IP) Properties

228 III. , !
3. Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) .
4. , -.
5. ( ).
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
.
IP-.
IP DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protoco!
).
IP-,
IP- Windows Server 2003 DHCP.
IP- Internet,
IP- ,
RFC 1918.
( , -
DHCP). Interact,
IP-, , -
IP-. IP-

.
, (
, -
). -
, ,
. , IP-, , ,
, proxy-,
Internet. , IP-, , ,
, proxy- NAT
Internet-.
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
DNS. ...
, . DNS " DNS".
IP-, ,
, . ,
TCP/IP Windows 2003.
,
, , . ,
. Advanced () -
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties, Advanced
TCP/IP Settings ( TCP/IP) .
.
/ IP Settings. IP- -
. -
, , -
( Windows 2003) -
, ,
.
S DNS. DNS- ,
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)

14. IP- 229


Properties, , . , -
DNS-, DNS-
DNS-. DNS
-
IP- DNS.
DNS , " DNS".
WINS. IP- WINS- (Windows Internet
Name Service Internet Windows). WTNS- Net-
BIOS- JP-. WINS Windows 2003
. , -
( ) NetBIOS TCP/IP.
WTNS- "WINS !".
Options. , ,
TCP/IP.
TCP/IP , ,
,
. TCP, UDP (User
Data Protocol ) -
. ,
, .
, , .
proxy- -
,
, .

/
Microsoft Windows - TCP/IP NetBIOS-
- . NetBIOS- -
Microsoft Windows, NetBIOS-
IP-. Microsoft Windows, -
, NetBIOS-
IP-. WINS (Windows Internet Name Service
Internet Windows).

WINS
NetBIOS- IP- -
Windows 2003, Micro-
soft .
LMHOSTS. LMHOSTS,
, NetBIOS- IP-.
(LM LAN Manager ,
Windows NT.) -
, .
LMHOSTS -
. , ,
,
.

230 III. , !
WINS. , . WINS -
Windows Server 2003 , -
NetBIOS-
, NetBIOS- IP-.
WINS, -
.
WINS- . ,
, WINS- -
, -
NetBIOS.
WINS- LMHOSTS-
. , , ,
,
WINS-
. WINS- ,
DHCP, .
WINS- - , -
( ).

WINS-
WINS- , -
IP- . -
, ,
, NetBIOS-,
WINS- ( WINS
Advanced TCP/IP Settings).

. Net-
BIOS- , WINS-
. WINS-.
WINS DNS, . -
WINS Network
and Dial-up Connections ( ).
, , Resource Kit
Windows 2003.

WINS-
( , -
, - WINS-)
IP- WINS- .
WINS- ,
IP-. WINS- . IP-, -
NetBIOS-, WINS- .

NetBIOS TCP/IP
NetBIOS TCP/IP -

(Application Programming Interface API), Windows 2003

14. IP- 231


(-) . ,
proxy-, NetBIOS TCP/IP ,

Windows 2003.
, , -
. WINS NetBIOS
(, NetBIOS
) DHCP-
( DHCP- NetBIOS, ). -
NetBIOS ,
, Windows 2000/XP/2003,
NetBIOS. ,
NetBIOS - .

Mfitoicu 2NS
-
IP- FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name -
). FQDN -
(, www.microsoft.com). -
FQDN- IP-
Internet , .
Domain Name Service,
(Domain Naming Service) (Domain Naming
System), DNS.
NetBIOS- IP-, FQDN- IP-
.

HOSTS. HOSTS. HOSTS


, FQDN-
-. HOSTS
.
HOSTS- -, -
Internet. , HOSTS- -
, IP-.
HOSTS-,
DNS.
DNS. DNS
, -
. DNS- -
, DNS- -
. DNS-
, , -
, FQDN- ,
, ,
.

232 ///. , !
Internet DNS-. -
Internet;
. Internet, -
FQDN- InterNIC ( ISP). -
IP-
DNS- (, ISP, -
DNS-).

DNS
, , , -
DNS-, - , ISP.
, 1000 ,
, DNS- -
Internet.
Windows 2003 , -
: Active Directory, DHCP
DNS. DHCP DNS,
. , -
(, , Configure
Your Server Wizard ).
DNS ( DHCP).

DNS
DNS-, -
, Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 TechNet. -
DNS Windows 2000, -
Windows 2000 DNS-. Windows 2000,
Windows 2003, DNS-
.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol -


) IP- -
. -
, . DHCP
IP-,
Internet
.

DHCP
DHCP ,
Windows Server 2003. , Windows Server 2003
DHCP- IP-
TCP/IP.
DHCP -, . ,
DHCP, -
, IP- (

14. IP- 233


). ,
. , -
87,5 100% . -
, ,
IP-.
IP- , Windows 2003 ipcon-
fig/renewimn ipconfig/release.
IP ip-
conf ig. ipconf ig/all [more,
, IP ,
.

DHCP
, , DHCP -
Windows Server 2003,
.
DHCP IP- ,
,
( , DHCP -
). ( DHCP) IP-
.
DHCP IP-
( )
. -
-
.
IP- ,
( ) Windows 2003//9,
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties, Obtain an IP Address Automatically (
IP- ). DHCP!
, -
IP-. -
, -
-
IP-.

DHCP ,
. DHCP , -
TCP/IP . Windows Server 2003
DHCP ,
, .
, , DHCP-, -
, Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 Tech-
Net, .

234 ///. , !

[ TCP/IP, ^,
.
\ I s , 3- . .
}>!=), - ,

v /^ "*. , .,
^,^......~. * _______ _ ,. . ________ ;.,..>,_. ..-!...; . . . . . . ' ;.; ,.,..,,. :...,-.,.

tfctH/tattettue
, TCP/IP, -
. -, , , DNS-,
WINS- DHCP- , , .
-
, .
Internet, -
, , , -
TCP/IP. ,
, . ,
, , .
, Internet.
Windows Server 2003 ,
. ipconfig; -
.

PING. ,
. PING
, , -
. PING , ,
, .
TRACERT. ( )
.
, .
ROUTE. -
.
NETSTAT. TCP/IP.
NSLOOKUP. DNS,
DNS- .
TELNET. , -
. Telnet -
, . Windows Server 2003
Telnet.

, ,
Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit TechNet.

14. IP- 235


IV

& &.
, Windows Server 2003 , - "
:
,
. ; : .
, , IV ,
.
{ ),
.
,
NTFS .
,
, -
^ , ''-
. IV
.
^ , IV ,
Windows Server 2003 -
.
, ,
.
: 90
.

. -
..'.'-
15

Active Directory
/ , . .
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

/ Windows Server 2003.


*> ,
\J ,
( , ).
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003, -
. -
Active Directory Users and Computers.


. ,
,
. -
, -
. ,
, ,
(user account object). '-
, , -
, , , -
.
Windows Server 2003,
.

1 S . , -
.
v' . , -
. -
.
S . -
.
/ . , -

.
S . ,
, , -
(
),
(Remote Access Service RAS) .
S . -
, ,
.
, -
, .
S . Windows Server 2003
, .
Windows Server 2003 , -
. , -
(
) Windows Server 2003, -
( (interactive
logon)). , , -
<Ctrl+Alt+DeI>,
. ,
. , -
.
, .
Windows Server 2003 ( )
. , Adminis-
trator (), -
. , Guest (), -
-
. , HelpAssistant () (
5_< >),
. Remote Desktop Help Session Manager ( -
) HelpAssistant,
.

, !
Administrator ,
Windows Server 2003-
Windows Server 2003; , -
Administrator . Administrator
Windows

240 IV.
Server 2003 ( , -
Administrator ).
, -
.
Administrator "" .
.
.
( ) ( -
Rename ()).
Administrator -
, -
. -
, .
.

.
(.. , -
) ,
: . ,
, -
, ,
. ,
, .


Guest ,
Windows Server 2003. -
. -
.
Guest .
.
( ).
.
( ).
(..
, ).

Guest .
, -
, .

tfi&HHMX, ^Active 2)ireeton/


Active Directory ,
, . -
Windows Server 2003

15. Active Directory 241


Active Directory Users and Computers, . 15.1.
, -
.
. ,
.

t/ Flit Action .View Window Help ;

- ! to ' . i > - R ^ rv

Bulm seeouni lor admnoi


Dccount In runnfm AEP.M
-! Conlrdten
2il f DiagnSecuiljjPri(rt(i
' _J >oslAr,df :und
;: -21 System
Designated adnin.ii

ul dorrw cmlrderi

Eu! n accouii for gtisB a


AccounI Idr Piovidrg Rrm

IIS Worker FnuuGinup

( Irternel.
f.ey Oi dilution Cert Sa.

Puc. 15.1. Active Directory Users and Computers

1. Active Directory Users and Computers,


Start^AII Programs1^Administrative Tools^Active Directory Users
and Computers (1^ 1* 1*Active Directory
).
2.
, .
-
, -
. Users
() , Administrator
Guest, , Windows Server 2003 -
, .
(organizational unit) Active
Directory, , -
, .
. 11.
3. ,
, , -
Action^New^User (=>
).
(
New^User .) New

242 IV.
Object User ( ), . 15.2,
,
.
4. ,
First name (); Last Name (); Initial ().
, , .
Full name ( ). .
, . -
.
, .
User logon name ( ). -
, , -
.
, , -
. ( " ?1', .)
User logon name (Pre-Windows 2000) ,
, Windows 2000.
, . -
, .

. 15.2. New Object User

5. -
, Next ().
.
6. ,
, .
7. , , -
.

15. Active Directory 243


User Must Change Password at Next Logon (
). -
.
User Cannot Change Password ( -
). .
Password Never Expires ( ).
, -
.
Account is Disabled ( ). ,
-
. , -
, ,
.
8. , Next.
, .
9. , Finish (). -
, Back (), -
. ,
.

?
Windows Server 2003 , - :
.
Windows Server 2003 (Security identifierSID). , -
, , , , . ;
.
, '..
, , . -
: () -
.
. ;|
100, , !
, jackal, herbie 8675309. ^ ;
- ;
.
Windows Server 2003 - -
. . -
, .
, ; , -
, i
. .
s ( , -
, , ..).
s ( , ). ,,,
s .

244 IV.
. , . -:
I , .
riV , (, ;
JohnSmith jsmith),
1: ,
(, SmitnAcct SmithsalesS). Active Directory ;
^ , - -:
' .
;
/' , ;
. (, SmfthW98 JS102).
v , , ,
(, Tower12, Planning2 Gonferenees12).
IV , ;
(, Documents, SalesDocs AcctSheet).
i:;'V , , , - ;
(, HPSSales, CURm202 HP4Acct}.
.---.. .
\ ; , '
I , , -
, , . -.^


Active Directory Users and Computers. 1
;
.
,
Properties, , General, Address,
Account, Profile .

, , . -
, ,
Windows Server 2003 ,
.
-
- , , .

General
,
( , -
), , , Web- -
, General ().
, . -
Active Directory Users and Computers, -
(ViewODetail ( ^ )).

Address
Address (), -
. , .

15. Active Directory 245


Account
Account ( ), -
, , Windows
2000, , (
Log ) . -

, .

| S . Logon Hours (),


Logon Hours (. 15.3). -
( ),
. -
, .
, , ,
(.. -
).
( ) -
Logon Permitted ( ) Logon Denied (
). ,
;
.
. Account Expires End
Of ( ), , -
( ). -
, ,
.

. 15.3.

246 IV.
Profile
Profile () Properties,
(. 15.4). -
.
(Profile path). , -
.
.
( , " -
").
(Logon Script).
, . -
, - , -
, . Windows
Server 2003 -
DOS-
NetWare.
(Home directory).
, ,
.

Telephones
Telephones () Properties,
, , -
, . Comments
(), , .

Galen Teclinom-aqe Properties

*01 -. ] .- OiaHh . ] -: Enviramnenl - j


' PtenSSMenftS"-"; J v:7mhstSeMfeRurae ' j '/COM* :
'jGeneraTJ- Address: [ 'Account: ..]||*?Wslepiiwie! j Qrganaafinn"

Puc. 15.4. Profiles -


15. Active Directory 247


Organization
Organization () Properties,
,
. , -
.

Member Of
Member Of { ) Properties
(. 15.5).
-
. -
, Add () . ,
,
.
Galen Tecliimmaqe Properties
:
Remote = - 1 " , "1 Services Rofite
Qenertf j ** Account j Pio4e
Distil " Invionmotit -"SeHians

Mefffewaf:

iT*^ to change Prime? gjoLpunfe


you ha Macintosh cbnUffi

Carasi. APPV

Puc. 15.5,

Dial-in
Dial-in ( ) Properties, -
.
. (callback)
, -
, , ,
. -
. ,
, , -
. -
.

248 /V.
&

, .
Active Directory Users and Computers.
(Disabling) ,
, , .
, , ActionODisable
account ( ^ ). - -
(. " ") -
Account Is Disabled ( ), -
, .
(Renaming) . -
, ActionoRename
( ). . -
, (SID) .
(Delete) -
. , ,
1
Action Delete ( ^ ). .
. SID-
.
, , -
, -; ,
, .
, ,
.
, , -
, ,
.

/ //
,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 .
-
, . ,
, -
,
. 40-90
. Windows Server 2003 Best Practices,
,
.

15. Active Directory 249


.
, .

(Security group). -
Active Directory.
,
.
(Distribution group).
.
Active Directory.
.
(Global Group). . -

Active Directory Users and Computers Windows Server 2003.
Windows 2000
Windows Server 2003,
.
Windows 2000 , -
.
(Domain Local Group).
. . -
Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003,
, -
,
. Windows 2000
, -
.
(Universal group).
.
Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003,
,
,
. Windows 2000 -
, -
. Windows 2000 -
Windows Server 2003, -
, ,
.

.

. ,
. , , .
.

.
.

250 IV.
, -
. ,
.
, .
.
-
.
, -
. ,
: / -
/ .


, ,
.
,
,
(Global Catalog Services). -
, -
.
,
,
.
, ! -
.
,
.

, ,
Microsoft , . -
.
,
,
. -
, Windows Server
2000 Windows Server 2003.

Windows Server 2003


Active Directory Users and Computers.
Active Directory Users and Computers, .
1. , ,
Action^New^Group ('').
New Object Group ( ).
2. .
, Windows -
Windows Server 2003, .

15. Active Directory 251


3. New Object Group :
(Local), (Global) (Universal)
.
, -
.
4. : (Security Group) -
(Distribution Group).
, -
ACL-, .

,
.
.
5. .
, ,
. :
General, Members, Member Of Managed By.
S General (). , -
( , , ,
).
S Members (). ,
. .
/ Member Of ( ). .
S Managed By ( ). ,
. , ,
.
: Windows Server
2003 , -
. Builtin ().
( , -
, ).
Administrators (Administrator (), Domain Admin ( -
), Enterprise Admin ( ).
Guests (Domain Guests ( ), Gusts ()).
Pre-Windows 2000 Compatible Access ( , Everyone ()).
Users (Domain Users ( ), Authenticated Users (-
)).
, , , -
, , -
. , 5 (Internet Information Server
Internet), Guest.

(. . 15.6), .
(. " -
" ), .

252 IV.
eclDiy Users and Comoulan
n$ file Action View Window Help

gD sracslandbcal
! Account Qiwratoii Security Group . Menders can aduinislef Amain uier and g .
Conputei Adnmdralcifi rwve compMe and urrBdiicLr
Domain CeHrolas *j4pDpwt Security Group- Backup Oceslos n evenide lacurlly rei
(jGuetls Sacuity Group- GuQiUhasvlheiemeacceisAimembori -
Cortiau'alion Operatai Secirty Group - Merrberc n IHi Qrcup can have acme adrri.
Pie Vmdoiw 2000 Conpa*le*toets Security Group A bat&ward ccmpaUMly group
fflftrt Operate t Security Grojp-

* Group .. Sujpotli % racfcatkn in a dornari


- r. Member admniriei doriam iarvets
Svuity Gr4J ... U at pievenled Iron rukiig sccidsrla.

Pwc. /5.6. Windows Server 2003


Windows Server 2003
, Users.
Cert Publishers ( ).
Debugger Users ( ).
HelpServicesGroup ( ).
V RAS and IAS Servers ( RAS IAS).
Telnet Clients ( Telnet ).
Domain Admins ( ).
,- Domain Computers ( ).
-/ Domain Controllers ( ).
Domain Guests ( ).
S Domain Users ( ).
/ Group Policy Creator ( ).
/ Enterprise Admins ( ).
*/ Schema Admins ( ).
, DnsAdmins, , -
DNS.
.
Windows Server 2003 , -
: Everyone (), Network () Interactive (). -
, . ,
Everyone 20 , -
.
Everyone . -
Everyone,

15. Active Directory 253


.
Everyone, Guest
, . (
, " ".)
Network , -
. ,
Network.
, Interactive, , -
.
.
, -
.
,
Everyone , -
Read ().
, -
, . -
, .
Sales () , SalesPrintOnly (
) .
, , , , -
. , -
, , -
.

#
(user profile) , ,
,
. Windows Server 2003 -
. ,
( ),
.
-
, .
Start ().
" " "".
, .
Favorites Internet Explorer.
.
.
.

,
HKEY1CURRENTJJSER NTUSER.DAT.
, Registry Tool
Resource Kit Windows Server 2003 REGENTRY .

254 /V.
. (
.) (roaming profile) ,
, ; , ,
, .
.
( ,
,
Mandatory User Profile.) .
, -
.
1.
User ( ).
2. , ,
Control Panel ( ) System ().
3. User Profiles ( ).
4. , .
5. ( ).
6. , .
, \\domain controller\users\<MMH ^ domain
controller ; users ; .<
> , .
7. ( , -
ADMINPAK.MSI)
Active Directory Users and Computers ( StartoAH
Programs^ Administrative Tools^Active Directory Users and Computers
^^^ Directory
)).
8. ,
, Properties
().
9. Profile ().
10. Profile Path ( ) User Profile (
) , 6.
11. .
. -
. -
, .
, ,
, ( , -
), , -
.
, .
. -
, .

15. Active Directory 255


(mandatory profile) -
, .
. , -
-
,
.
, NTUSER.DAT NTUSER.MAN
. -
, , . -
, NTUSER.MAN NTUSER.DAT.

(group policies) , -
. -
, . Windows NT Server 4.0
System Policy Editor ( -
). Windows Server 2003 ( Windows 2000)
, ,
Administrative Templates, Security Settings, and Scripts (, -
).
( )
Active Directory Users and Computers .
1. Active Directory Users and Computers .
2.
, , -
Properties ().
3. Group Policy ( ).
4. ,
Group Policy Object Link ( )
. Group Policy
( ).

1 ^ Add (). Group


Policy Object Link.
, , -
.
Block Policy Inheritance ( ). -
, -
.
Delete (). , -
.
Edit (). .
New (). .
Properties (). Group Policy
Properties. , ,
. , -
.

256 IV.
Group Policy Options. , -
.
f
Disabled (). .
No Override (He ). .
-
. Block Policy Inheritance

No Override.
, -
Up () Down (),
. . ,
,
, -
, -
,
.
1. Windows 2000, Windows XP Professional Windows Server 2003 -
,
. -
, , -
, , .
Windows .
, , .
2. , ,
. -
( , -
). -
,
.
3. , -
. -
, -
,
.
4. -
. ,
() ,
, , -
, , -
, . -
.
, -
. ,
, -
, , -
, -
, , ..
, .

15. Active Directory 257


. -
(Group Policy Object GPO) -
. , GPO3, -
, ,
, , ,
-
, , -
. , , , -
.
: , (GPO2),
, (GPO3),
.
.
1. GPO RUN ()
Start (). ( .)
2. GPO2 ( )
RUN Start. ( .) GPO1
( ) RUN Start.
( .)
3. GPO2
( ) RUN Start.
( .) GPO1 -
( ) RUN
Start. ( .)
4. GPO3 (-
) RUN Start. ( .)
GPO2 (-
) RUN Start.
( .) GPO1 -
( ) RUN Start.
( .)
: " ?" ,
, .


, , -
. .
, .
1. Active Directory Users and Computers.
2.
, , -
Properties.
3. Group Policy.
4. New (), ,
<Enter>.

258 IV.
5. Group Policy Object Link
Edit ().
6. User Configu-
ration=>Administrative Templates^System^Ctrl+Alt+Del Options (-
^ 1 >
Ctrl+AIt+Del), . 15.7.
7. Remove Change Password (
) .
8. Policy Enabled (),
Apply (), .

j Windows Component
i) Stat Menu *nd Taskbsi
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ST 2J Compel Pand
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. /5.7. Ctrl+Alt+Del,

-
, .
, . -
, .
, Group Policy
Edit, , ,
. ,
Windows Server 2003 .
, -
Administrative Templates, . -
, . ,
: User Configuration Administrative Templates
. Add/Remove
Templates (/ ), .
Add, .

75. Active Directory 259


Computer Configuration -^Windows Settings ^Security Settings (
1^ Windows^riapaMCTpbi ) -
(. 15.8). ,
, -
.

,* Group Policy Qlijcni fatter

If DtlaiJt Danain Poicy |bn0sliandii.net] Poky


3 Coroutffl Conf ifluwlion ^ Enloiee pattnofd Htlay
ij Solmar; Seltngi Mannum password tgt
i? E| Window! Settings Mirimumpasswurduge Ddays
.telup/ShutdwH Minimum passwoid length Ochaactas
Seemly Setlng.
Patsnort i Deabled
Sloie panwocdi utrg levustle < Ditabled

Account Lockout Pcfcy

S?-tfl Fto System


g Y ^i"* "

[fl -3 Soltiwe Restrctioo Poloes

-1 AdmnelislivB emcees
^D Usei CondgujlBn
E-5a Softwe* Settings
S "^ Wndows Settmgi
i>> ^J Admninralfve Templates

Puc. 15.8. ,

, -
, ( -
30 ) ,
.


,
, , -
(
). Properties Group Policy.
.
, -
, .
, .
1. Group Policy Properties.
2. Administrative Tools () Local
Security Policy ( ).
1
3. Security Settings ^Local Policies
( ^ ),
Audit Policy ( ).

260 IV.
4. , .
Security Settings ( ).
5. , : -
.
( -
, .)
6. , .

, -
. -
.
, , Security Log
( ) Event Viewer ( ). -
Event Viewer Administrative Tools ()
Security Log. , . -
, , .
:
. ,
. ,
, -
Not Configured (He ),
, -
.

#O3H,uicH,tfiH nfto&ieMM qoctfitfna...


,
, , . -
, -
.
,
.
, - -
. , -
. . -
, , ,
.
, .
-
, .
, -
.
Windows- Windows NT Workstation, Windows 2000, Windows
XP Professional Windows Server 2003 , -
,
, Active Directory, .

15. Active Directory 261


S IP IP-
, , -
IP-, , , -
DNS .
S DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol )
IP- ,
, -
. , , -
, JPCONFIG/ALL -
. IP- 169.254.0.1-169.254.254.254 -
- (Automatic Private Internet Protocol Address
APIPA), , DHCP-
DHCP-.
, , -
, , , .
.
, (.. -
, ).
, .

, , ,
. Microsoft (
TechNet). , , ,
. Microsoft - -
, , ,
.

262 IV.
16

/fiou
> ,
> NTFS-
> FAT FAT32
>
>
>

Windows Server 2003


Windows NT, NTFS (Windows NT File
System). ACL (Access Con-
trol List ) ,
, ,
,
, .
Windows 2003 FAT FAT32 (FAT File Alloca-
tion Table { )), -
. FAT FAT32 -
(file shares) (
, ), -
. , -
NTFS
. , , ( -
) , ,
,
Windows Server 2003.
12 Active Directory.

$ , ,
,
Windows 2003, . -
, .


Windows 2003
, , , , . -
(object) : -
, -
, Microsoft (service).
, - , ,
: , , , ,
. , -
; ,
.
^ Name (). BOOT.INI.
S (). .
S Contents (). , Windows 2003.
(Windows 2003 ,
.)
S Size (). 1 .

"" , , ..
, , , -
. , -
, , .
, -, , ,
, , , . -
, , -
. , ,
,
, . -
, -
, .
Windows 2003
.
ACL-. ACL- -
,
( ), ,
( -
). ACL-
(, , ), -
-
( ) .


Windows 2003 -
, . ,
NTFS Windows
2003 ,
.
FAT ( FAT32 Windows 98)
ACL, FAT FAT32 -
. , , , FAT FAT32 -
, NTFS ( -
: , , , ..), ,

264 IV.
FAT FAT32, , .
ACL , FAT
( ).

, ,
Windows Server 2003 , -
, ,
. , , FAT
FAT32, , .
Windows Server 2003
, Windows 2003 Server -
. Windows 2003 , -
, .

, -
, Windows 2003,
(user right) (object permission). -
,
, , -
^ .
, ( )
Windows 2003. .
S .
/ , .

, .
S Group Policy ( ).
, Active Di-
rectory (Administrative tools), ,
, .
Properties (), Group Policy, -
Edit ().
Group Policy, Computer Configurations^Windows Settings^
Security Settings1^ Local Policies^XJser Rights assignment ( -
1^ Windows1^ ^ ^-
).
Windows 2003 ( ), -
, (access token). -
, -
. , ,
Windows 2003 .
( ) Windows 2003 ,
(permissions') ( Security ()
)). ACL-, -
, , ,
. ,
. Windows 2003 Se-
curity Reference Monitor (SRM) ( ),

16. 265
. SRM- ,
, Windows 2003 ;
.
,
. ,
, , .

& MT2S Windows 2003

NTFS FAT FAT32 (32-


, Windows 98). NTFS
, NTFS - -
. FAT FAT32 NTFS
NTFS- ,
. NTFS -
, , ,
NTFS.
NTFS .
. NTFS,
. - .
. ,
. Windows 2003 -
; ,
, ( -
).
. , , ,
, , , , NTFS -
.

- NTFS,
Windows Explorer My Computer Active
Directory Sites and services. Properties
(), Security ().
Security Permissions ()
(. 16.1). -
( )
, Permissions .

NTFS
Permissions -, - -
- NTFS. , NTFS
. , - -
, -
.
(container) , ,
.

266 IV.
wnetsvr (I..| Properties

CREATOR OWNER
Everyone
(3J SYSTEM
liters [GRACE LAND \USHJ]

Puc. 16.1. ,

Windows 2003 -
, Windows NT,
, Windows 2000. , Windows 2003
No Access ( ). ,
Allow () Deny ().
Deny NTFS Windows 2003
, NO Access Windows NT.
NTFS.
S Read (). -
.
S Write () ().
.
S Write () (). -
.
/ List Folder Contents ( ) ( ).
.
/ Read & Execute ( ) ().
.
/ Read & Execute ( ) ().
.
S Modify () ().
,
.
/ Modify () ().
, .

16. 267
S Full Control ( ) (). -
.
S Full Control ( ) (). -
.


(Advanced permissions)
, -
, .
,
Advanced () Permissions NTFS.
Advanced Security Settings ( ) -
: Permissions, Auditing (), Owner () Effective Permissions (-
). Permissions -
, Auditing , Owner -
. Effective Permissions ,

.
Permissions
. .
S Full Control ( ).
S Traverse Folder/Execute File ( / ).
S List Folder/Read Data ( / ).
S Read Attributes ( ).
S Read Extended Attributes ( ).
S Create Files/Write Data ( / ).
S Create Folders/Append Data ( / ).
S Write Attributes ( ).
S Write Extended Attributes ( ).
S Delete ().
S Read Permission ( ).
S Change Permission ( ).
S Take Ownership ( ).
,
, - TechNet Windows Server 2003 Re-
source Kit Microsoft.

/3 & 3-<?4J

FAT FAT32, Windows 2003


NTFS, ,
, FAT FAT32, -

268 IV.
. , Windows Server 2003,
FAT FAT32, . ,

, , ,
, FAT,
, , -
Windows 9x, Windows Server 2003, FAT,
.
FAT32 Windows 98, FAT, Windows
2003 , , , FAT
, .

NTFS
";|

:
, , -|1
. , /'!
Deny (),
, , ;]
.Everyone () Authenticated Users { }. -j
18.
Everyone Deny , ^
, , , 3
( ) ||
, - j
.
Full Control ( ) , :; ?
, , . ,
Full Control -.

Windows 2003/XP/2000 Windows NT NTFS,


-
! , Windows 2003/ 2000 NTFS 5. Windows
NT NTFS 4, -
Service Pack 4 . Windows NT -
, NTFS 5.

Tasfieutettusi, co&uecinttote
Windows Server 2003, -
, , , -
. ,
Windows Server 2003,
(network share}',
Windows Server 2003, .
Windows 2003,
.
, -
/ (Allow)/(Deny), -
NTFS.

16. 269
S Read (). ,
.
^ Change (). Read, , -
, , .
/ Full Control ( ). Change, ,
,
- -
. . 16.1 .
16.1.

Read Write Execute Delete Change

Read X X

Change X X X X

Full Control X X X X X

FAT Windows Server 2003


, -
,
!


My Computer Explorer Windows 2003,
Sharing and Security ( ). -
Properties Sharing (), -
. 16.2.

;ToexMHifhawRw(*euwthectrten(' ' Sd&SB


while dfbie, cfck Offine Setihgs.

HewS&Wu...

Puc. 16.2. Sharing

270 IV.
.
Share This Folder ( ). -
Share This Folder, .
Share Name ( ).
, . ,
DOS Windows
, .
User Limit ( ). User Limit -
, -
. Windows Server 2003
; -
, , Maximum allowed (
).
Permissions ().
Permissions Sharing.
NTFS.
Offline Settings ( ). -

Offline File and
Folders. , ,
.

ftaeftetuettuu
NTFS, -
, -
, . NTFS, -
, -
NTFS ,
. -
, ,
, , , .


, - NTFS,
, , , -
NTFS.
^. ( , 12.) -
, . (
.) , -
, ,
, . , -
. ,
, . , .

1. .
2. .

16. 271
3. .
.
, -
( NTFS,
), .

!
,
.
Marketing Dept ( ), Domain Users
( ) Film Critics ().
NTFS Rosebud.doc. ? . 16.2 -
.
16.2. NTFS


NTFS BettyB Read
Marketing Dept Read
Domain Users Change
Film Critics Change
BettyB Read
Marketing Dept Read
Domain Users Read
Rim Critics Read

NTFS, Read Change Change; ,


Read . Read Change -
Read. , Read , !
, . . .


, , , -
. .
Advanced Properties Security,
Effective Permissions. ,
(. 16.3).

qoctHt/.

, Active Directory,

. -
, 12.

272 IV.
IMvanced Security Setlinqsloi v/nptsvr (:(

D Ful Control
H Traverse Folder / Execute Fie
Ul Folder,'Read Data
Read Attributes
E Head E xlended Attribute:
Credo Flet/WriteDeli
3 CiealeFoldes/AppendData
El Write AHrbutes
D Wcite ExtendedAtlriiutet
ED Delete Sublddeis and Fie:
S Delete
Read PermissiOTis
D Change Petniiiiom
Take Ownership

OK

Puc. 16.3. Effective Permissions


-
24/7! '
- -
, , . -
(Delegate Administration
Wizard), Active Directory Users and Computers.
Starto Ad mini strati on Tools ^Active Directory Users and Computers,
, Delegate Control Action ().
Active Directory, -
, ,
. -
11.
-
Active Directory, -
. , -
.


,
-
. , , -
.
. ( , ,
12.)

16. 273
. -
,
/ . -
( ),
. (
.)
, -
(Create Time Inheritance). , -

.
, , -
.
/ - -
. , , -
-
. -

, .

274 IV,
17

& ,..

>
>
> Windows Server 2003
>
> ,
> Backup Operators

-
, . -
-
, .
,
, . -
.

(backing up) -
, , . -
, -
. , -
- ,
. , -
. , ,
, , -
, ,
?

: , , , -
.
, , .
, , -
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, .
, ,
, .
. , -
, .
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.
. , -
, , -
, . -
.
,
.
I */ . -
( -
), ,
100 .
, , -
. -
.
.
. -
, , -
.
.
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. , Internet, -
, . -
. -
.
, .
,
. , -
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. ,
, ,
, ,
.
, .
. -
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, , -
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. ,
, ,
. -
. , -
.

276 IV.
. . -
. -
,
, .
. ,

, .

, ,
.
, ^

"" ; -
, . -
, , 30
. -
30- .
, 30- ,
,
. ,
. Norton (www.symantec.com) McAfee
(www.mcafee.com) Windows Server 2003 , -
.


,
Windows Server 2003.
, Windows Server 2003.
.
.
.
.
.
, ,
(archive bit). , ,
. , Windows 2003,
. -
. , ,
. -
, -
. . -
, , -
. "" ,
.

17. 277

(normal backup) -
, , -
. -
. -
. (
, " ".)


(copy backup) ,
, , .

. (
, " ".)


(daily backup) , -
, . -
.
, ,
, .


,
(differential backup) .
,
. , -

. -
, .
-
.


(incremental backup) ,
,
. -
, -
, . -
.
,
. , ,
.

,
, . , -

, -
.

278 IV.
, -
() (automated tape library ATL).
ATL
, -
" ".
ATL - , -
. ATL . -
/, ,
-.
,
ATL , () -
.
" " ( ATL-) ,
. -
, " " -
.



. .


. -
- -
, , -
.
-,
. ()
. ( , -
,
, " Windows Server 2003".)
,
.
, 10- 100- -
Ethernet. -
. ,
,
"- " (Storage Area Network SAN).

- Fiber Channel Arbitrated Loop (FC-AL),
100 /. ,
. -
, .


-
, -
(Integrated Device Electronics ) SCSI
(Small Computer Systems Interface ).
, , , -

17. 279
.
SCSI-, Ultra2 Wide SCSI, 80
/. , ,
4 10 / .
-
15 .
,
, () , -
, - SCSI-. -
SCSI-, . -
, -
. Windows Server 2003 -
, !
, (Hewlett Packard DDS 3), 24 -
. , -
, .


, , -
, , -
, , -
, .
, ,
, -
. ,
, ,
. .
(Online). ,
, .
-
, , -
.
,
.
(Nearline). ,
. -
, -
, . -
, , -
, .
(Offline). , -
.
, ,
. ,
, ,
. -
-
.

280 IV.
,
.


,
.
, .
,
.

(backup unit) , -
, , , , , , -
, " ".
, -
, .
.
.
,
"" (jukebox). "" ,
.
, " ", -
-.
.

(magneto-optical drives), -
, .
,
, . ,
.
, .
, -
. .
4 8 , 1/4 1/2 . , -
, -
1/2 1/4 !

(backup media) , ,
CD-WORM {CD-Write-Once-Read-Many - -
), - (
-), . , -
, .
, . ,
.
,
. , ,
.
, -
. 24 . -

17. 281
- 650
.
, , .
, ,
. ,
; !
, . ,
"" !

Windows Server 2003 -
, -
. ,

.
, .
.
, ,
.

N7BACKUP Windows Server 2003


NTBACKUP Windows NT Server , -
. , -
: , -
, , .
^ NTBACKUP Windows Server 2003 -
, -, ZIP-, JAZ-, -
=: .
(Removable Storage Manager RSM) -
Windows 2003. -
Windows 2003.
,
Windows NT, .
Windows 2003 -
{Automated System Recovery ASR). ASR , -
, -
:
.. ASR - .
' , . ASR
; .
ASR - Windows
:
Server 2003 <F2> ASR,
. , . ( ) , -
(Backup Wizard). , ,
. , -
" ".

282 IV,
, , -
.
, .


,
, , .
. -
, . , -
, . -
, ,
( ).
, .
, . -
. -
. -
. -
24 7 ,

.


,
, -
, -
. , -
, FAT (File Allocation Table
) NTFS (New Technology File System
Windows NT). -
, RAID- (Redundant Array of Inexpensive Devices
), -
. ,
.
,
. .
,
Compaq Hewlett Packard,
. , .


,
, . -
, . -
, ,
. , -
( , -

17. 283
).
, .
, -
. ""
.
Windows Server 2003 ,
. -
, .
-
(Support Center) Windows 2003.

Windows 2003
Microsoft NTBACKUP
Windows NT. Windows 2003 .
NTBACKUP Windows Server 2003
, , ;
, . -
Windows 2000, Windows NT.


Windows Server 2003 NTBACKUP,
: GUI- (Start^AII
Programs^Accessories^System ToolsoBackup (^^
' )) (\WINNT\
system3 2 \ntbackup). GUI-
(. 17.1) -
.

me to the Bacfcup Umty Advanced Mode

Puc. 17.1. GUI- Windows 2003

284 IV.
,
,
. ,
, NTBACKUP , .
, -
, . , -
( , Windows Server 2003)!
-
Windows Server 2003, Mi-
crosoft (www.microsoft.com/support/), , -
. (.. -
Windows Server NTBACKUP).
, -
, Microsoft.


NTBACKUP -
:
:
ntbackup backup [systemstate] "@bks file name" .
/J {"job name"} [/P {"pool name"}] E7<3 {"guid name"}]
.C/T {"tape name"}] l/N{"media name"}] E/F { " f i l e name"}]
[/D {"set description"}] [/DS ("server name"}]
".[/IS {"server name"}} [/A] [/V: {yesjno}] E/R:{yes|no}} .
[ 7 L : { f | s j n ) l [/M {backup type}] {/RS:{yes[no}]
'E/HC:{an-jpf.f.H: E / S N A P : { o n j O f f } j ,,:. ;. .

! , . -
, . -
, NTBACKUP, Command-line Reference,
ntbackup/?, -
Run (). , -
NTBACKUP, , ,
. , noMOiyr
, .

NTBACKUP , , GUI- -
.
, NTBACKUP, -
, , . -
, .
. .
-
.
. PAGEFILE.SYS .
. , ,
.
. . -
.

17. 285

NTBACKUP Windows NT , -
, GUI-. Windows 2000
2003 , -
GUI- , (
.bks). bks-, .
1. Starts All Programs^Accessories^System Tools^Backup.
.
2. Advanced Mode ( ).
3. Backup ().
4. , (. 17.2).
5. Job^Save Selection (^ ).
6. .bks-.
7. bks- .

! 2 Backup Utility (Untitledl

S i!J 5? MJI Computer


SI 1* 34Fbppy(A:) My Documents

Some Ife type: enduded.


Backup ffierta Us rsan>e;

Puc. 17.2. ,

GUI- NTBACKUP,
. 7 "
", GUI-.



, , , -
- -
, NTBACKUP

286 IV.
. , -
, .
1. Start^AII Programs1^ Accessories ^System Tools^Backup.
.
2. Advanced Mode ( ).
3. Backup ().
4. ( ).
, File () -
Backup Destination ( ).
Backup Media or File Name ( )
( Browse (), ).
,
Backup Destination.
5. Start Backup ().


, -
Windows Server 2003. -
.
1. Start^AII Programs^Accessories^System Tools^Backup.
2. Advanced Mode ( ).
3. Backup ().
4. Add Job ( ).
- ,
5. , .
, . -
, (, ), -
, (Backup Operators),
, .
6. Finish ().
Schedule Job ( ) ,
.

/&& {10
.
. ,
. -
. -
, ,
. ,
,
. , ,

17. 287
, -
.
, , -
, " ".
, -
. , -
.
, , ,
: " '.'"
,
. , .
(\SYSTEM32\CONFIG -
), , , , .
.
, . ,
.
, -
, -
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! -
, .
, Windows 2003; -
Windows 2003, .

Cfteqcin&a ftesefttfuftoflattusi ,

Windows 2003 ,
, . -
, .
,
, Windows Server 2003
.

.

, http/ /search, cnet.com/,
Windows Server 2003Backup. Internet-,
CDW (www . cdw . com/), -
. Web- CDW Hardware?.
Data Storage , .
: ,
, ,
. -
- , -
.

288 IV.
, .
Exabyte, www. exabyte. com;
ADIC (Advanced Digital Information Corporation),
www.adic.com/adicHomePage.jsp;
Hewlett-Packard, www.hp. com/country/us/eng/proserv/storage, html.
, .
Veritas, www.veritas .com;
Legato, www. legato.com.

Web- -
, -
.
. , -
.


. ,
, -
.
I S . -
, , -
Windows Server 2003 , -
, , -
.
S . ,
-
- . 30 , -
.
S . ,
, Novell, Microsoft UNIX, ,
.
^ . -
. ,
,
. -
. , -
(Macintosh, UNIX, Windows 98 OS/2.).
S . -
"" " ",
. , -
, .
S .
, , -
-
.

17. 289
S . , -
. -
, , -
.
. ,

/ . -
, , -
, , , .
S . , -
, -
.
S . , -
( ), , -
(4 , 8 , DLT .), .
S . -
.
/ . ,
.
S . ,
, ,
. ,
.

fiackufi Oftemtors
,
Backup Operators ( ).
, Backup Operators Windows NT,
Windows 2003
. , Windows 2003 Active
Directory , Backup Operators
.
Backup Operators .
"" ,
.
Backup Operators
Active Directory ( , ,
), .
1. Starts Administrative Tooled Computer Management
(1* 1 ^ ).
2. Systems Tools ( )
Local Users and Groups ( ).
3. Groups ().
,
.

290 IV.
4. Backup Operators, -
Add to Group ( ).
5. Add () -
, Backup Operators.
6. Add.
7. , ,
Backup Operators Properties.

Backup Operators
Active Directory,
1. Starts Administrative Tool s=> Active Directory Users and
Computers.
2. , .
3. Builtin ().
4. Backup Operators
Properties.
5. Members.
6. , Add.

17. 291
18

8& ...

>
> Windows Server 2003
>
>
> Windows 2003
>


. , -
, -
. ,
Windows Server 2003.
Windows Server 2003, -
, . -
, ,
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, .
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Edit ().
Group Policy Object Editor (
).
6. Computer Configuration ( ) -
Windows Settings ( Windows).
7. Windows Settings Security Settings (
).
8. Security Settings Account Policies (
).
Local Security Settings ( )
(Password Policy), (Account
Lockout Policy) Kerberos (Kerberos Policy).

18. 297

Account Policies ( ), -
Account Policies^ Password Policy (
). , . 18.1,
.
"" , ,
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3. 5 ,
, 5 , , -
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298 IV.
Passwords must meet complexity requirements ( -
). Disabled (). -
, , ,
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,
-
Windows 2003 Resource Kit Windows Server 2003.
Store password using reversible encryption for all users in the domain (
, ). -
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Shiva (Shiva Password Authentication
Protocol SPAP),
(Point-To-Point Protocol ),
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SPAP.


-
(Account Lockout Policy), -
( Account
Policies^Account Lockout Policies ( 1^
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I S Account lockout threshold ( ). -
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Kerberos, -
( Account Policies1* Kerberos Policies
( ^ Kerberos). Kerberos -
. Kerberos -
,
, . , Kerberos -
. -
(, ,
).

18. 299
.
S Enforce User Logon Restriction {) Enabled ().
S Maximum lifetime for user ticket renewal () 7 .
S Maximum lifetime for service ticket () 600 .
/ Maximum tolerance for computer clock synchronization 0 5 .
S Maximum lifetime for user ticket () 10 .

Kerberos Windows 2003 ,


Web- Microsoft, Windows 2003 (www.microsoft.com/
net/technical/security.asp), Web- Microsoft,
(www,microsoft .com/security).

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300 IV.
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www.Microsoft .Com/WindowsServer2003/.

, ,
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Everyone ()
. " ", Windows
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18. 301
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ipynn , , Active Directory Users and Comput-
ers. .
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, .
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Security Settings^Local Policies^User Rights Assignments
( 1* "^ ). -
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work ( ). -
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( ). -
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if S Backup Operator ( )
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ACL (Access Control List), , -
,

302 N.
, -
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Computer from the Network.

dainattue nftoftex,
Windows 2003 ,
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Windows 2003 -
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18, 303
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Policy ( , , . , " "),

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(www. microsoft .corn/security/).
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(http : /members . microsoft . com/partner/partnering/programs/
SecuritySolutions/).
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S Somarsoft (www. somarsoft.com/).
S stake (www.atstake.com/).
S CERT (www. ct . org/).
/ BHS Software (www.bhs.com/).
S Xtras (www.xtras.net/).
S Microsoft TechNet (www. microsoft . com/technet/).

304 IV.
"-", -
. (, Windows 2000. -
- Windows 2003. -
, Windows 2003.)
Microsoft Windows 2000 Security Handbook ( Microsoft
Windows 2000), (Jaff Schmidt), Que.
Configuring Windows 2000 Server Security (
Windows 2000) ( Snygress Media).
Windows Server 2003 Security Little Black Book ( -
Windows Server 2000), (Edward Austin) { Coriolis
Group).
Maximum Security ( ) ( Sams.net).
Firewalls and Internet Security: Repelling the Wily Hacker ( -
Internet: ), . (William R. Cheswick)
. (Steven M. Bellovin) ( Addison-Wisley).
Building Internet Firewalls ( Internet), .
(Brent D. Chapment) . (Elithabeth D. Zwicky) (
' Reilly& Associates).
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18. 305
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Windows 2003

> Event Viewer
>
> System Information Tool
> Computer Management Windows 2003
> Performance Monitor
> Resource Kit

t^- " Windows Server 2003 " ,


Jf Windows Server 2003 .
4^^ -
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Resource Kit
, .

(rent Viewer
Event Viewer ( )
Windows Server 2003. , Event Viewer
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Tools^Event Viewer (' 1^ ). -
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fj tvunl VieWHi

Rig Action Viw 1

g|] Event Viewer [Local]


* Application
Security 1/8/2002 11:23.00 AW Browser
! /6/2032 11-21-51 AM Application Popup
1/8/2002 11.21 ;51 AM Applcaticn Popup
1/8/2002 11.2201 AM avenllog
1/8/2QC2 11.2201AM evenllog
1/8/2002 11:2201 AM svenlbg
1/5002 7:10.55 AM Mel logon
1/5/2002 7:10.55 AM Netlogon
1/5/2002 7.10:53 AM Nellogor
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1/4/2002 8.30:53 PM
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1/4/2002 7 32:11PM Applcahcti Popup
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Puc. 19.1. Event Viewer

Eveirt PioiiPrtics

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319 V.
Application Log ( ). , -
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Event Viewer. , -
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Directory Services ( ). ,
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19. Windows 2003 311


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312 V.
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() Startup and Recovery. Write Debugging Information
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19. Windows 2003 313


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, Windows NT Diagnostics Windows NT 4.0, -
System Information ( ). Windows 2000
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Windows 2003 System Tools Start (Starts All
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Components (), Software Environment ( ), Applications
() Internet Settings ( Internet), -
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Windows 2003
Plug and Play Microsoft (Microsoft Man-
agement Console MMC) , Windows
NT 4.0 Windows 9:,
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). , -
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Puc. 19.4. Computer Management

314 V.
Device Manager Windows
9.x ( , Windows NT).
.

, Properties
(). .
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Windows 2003 ( System


Monitor ( )
. , , , -
,
.
1
System Monitor (Start ^Administrative Tools ^
System Monitor ( ^ ^ ),
(. 19.5). -
System Monitor ,
.

. 19.5. Performance Monitor

19. Windows 2003 315


System Monitor -
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), (, ) (, ).
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Add Counters ( ),
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ServerXBytes Total/sec (\ /). , -
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). , Sessions Errored
Out, Work Item Shortage, Errors System Blocking Request Rejected, -
.
Memory\Pages/sec (\/). , -
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( 2500 ),
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PhysicaIDisc\Avg.Disc Queue Lenght ( \
). , .
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316 V.
, , -
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. Windows 2003
PhysicalDisc
(LogicalDisc). DISKPERF
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diskper f / ? .

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|, Windows NT 4,0 j
|j; Windows 2000, , no Windows 2003. - !|
ICTBQ , Windows NT 4,0 Windows 2000, Windows 2003, - ;|
I: .
I , -1
L Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2000.
jjj'V Windows 2000 Performance Guide ( Windows 2000), -1
(Mark Friedman) ( O'Reilly & Associates).
!::; Windows 2000; Performance Tuning & Optimization {Windows 2000: - j
, ), (Kenton Gardinier} { Osborne/Mcgraw-Hiil).
[;V Windows NT Server 4.0 Secrets ( Windows NT Server 4.0), (Vald Hilley) J
( Wiley Publishing, Inc.).
I' " *)
I ; , 1|
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[ Web- www.amazon.com, Windows
2000 Performance, , 1
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, Counter Logs ( ) Trace
Logs ( ) Performance. Counter Logs
( ).
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, Counter Logs Trace Logs -
, New Log
Settings ( ). -
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l-2-2-02-cpu.log . -
System Monitor,
View Log Data ( ) .
System Monitor ( , )
. -
System Monitor

19. Windows 2003 317


. -
Alerts ()
-
. Alerts
. Alerts -
.
/ Event Viewer.
S .
S .
S .
Alerts System
Monitor. Alert ,
New Alert Settings ( ).

Windows 2003 Resource


, Windows 2003, -
,
Windows 2003. ,
, Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit
, -
.
Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit -
, ,
-, .
-, Internet-
Web- TechNet fwww.microsoft.com/technet/).
Resource Kit .
.
Computer Management Tools ( ). -
, .
Deployment Tools ( ). -
Windows Server 2003 ,
, SID (Security
Identifier ) .
Diagnostic Tools ( ).
, .
Network Management Tools ( ).
, , -
, , .
Registry Tools ( ).
, -
, ; ,
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.

318 V,
Win32 Debugger Tools ( Win32). -
, -
, , Windows 2003.

, RKTOOLS.CHM
- Resource Kit
(\Program Files\Resource Kit).
!

19. Windows 2003 319


20

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(JlycK1^ ^ ). Performance
: System Monitor ( ) Performance Logs and
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, . -
ASCII-; - -
(GUI), ,
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( ). Add ()
"" . Add Counters (. 20.1).
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20. 321
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. 20.2. ,

Windows Server 2003, -


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.
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, , ,
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(File^Save as ( ^ )) -
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322 V.
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20. 323
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Monitor (NetMon). ,
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NetMon Windows Server 2003, -
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Windows Server 2003, -
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NetMon SMS- (Systems Management Server -
), .
Network Monitor : -
(Network Monitor) (Network Monitor driver). -
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Network Monitor .
Microsoft.

324 V.
Windows Server 2003 NetMon .
, Control
Panel. NetMon , .
1. Start^Control Panels Add or Remove Programs
(' ).
Add or Remove Programs.
2. Add/Remove Windows Components ( -
Windows).
Windows Components Wizard.
3. Management and Monitoring Tools ( -
) Details ().
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Tools ( ), .
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;
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Administrative Tools (Starts-Administrative Toolso Network Monitor (=>-
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. 20.3.

Miciosott Netwoik Monitor - (Local Aiea Connection Cdptuie Window (Station Statsll
File Csjmira Tauls Opiiuns Window Help

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. 20.3. Network Monitor

20, 325
NetMon -
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TooIs^System Informatiorr^Hardware Resources^Conflict/Sharing (
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326 V.
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20. 327
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, 334 Gigabit Ethernet, 68; 122
Active Directory Connector, 169 GUID, 175
Alerter, 45
API, 51
ASR, 151 HCL, 105
ATL, 279
ATM, 73; 125

IEEE 1394, 97
IFSMGR, 42
DC-, 171 IIS, 161
BNC-, 116 IntelliMirror, 132
BSD UNIX, 57 IPX/SPX, 44; 50
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, 222
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Client for NetWare Networks, 40
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Computer Browser, 45 , 223
CSMA/CD, 66; 121 , 223
IP-, 221
IRQ, 102
DDE, 45 ISA, 76
DPS, 29 ISDN, 124; 162
DHCP, 161 ISO, 168
DIP, 142 ISP-, 126
DMA, 104

i: LAN Manager, 45
Enterprise Servers 2003, 131
EPROM, 123 M
Ethernet, 67 MAU, 70
Eudora, 39 MemBase, 105
Event Viewer, 45 Messenger, 45
Microsoft Management Console (MMC), 178
MPR, 41
Fast Ethernet, 121 MSN, 73
FAT (File Allocation Table), 263 My Network Places, 41
FDDI, 64; 72
Fibre Channel, 97 N
Fire Wire, 97 Navigator, 39
FQDN, 158; 221 Net Logon, 45
FSMO, 171 NetBIOS, 44; 219

355
, 219 Windows Server 2003, Web Edition, 30; 130
, 231 WINS, 230
NetWare, 39 WMS, 161
Network DDE, 45 WS_FT Pro, 39
NFS, 38
NIC, 24 X
xDSL-, 125

OSI, 54

, 312
Windows 2003,
PCMCIA, 94 343
PDC-, 171
PDLJ, 55 () , 279
Plug and Play, 45
Proxy-, 227 , 151
PVN, 175 , 223
, 150
R
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RIS, 149 -, 36
RRAS,46;76; 162 , 96
EISA, 96
ISA, 96
SMTP, 76 MCA, 96
PCI, 96
STP, 110
VLB, 96
System Monitor, 45
:, 36
, 125
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TCP/IP, 38; 50 , 173
Terminal Server, 26
ThickNet, 115; 116
ThinNet, 115
, 105

U , 296
UNIX, 38 , 297
USN, 173 . 293
UTP, 110 , 277
, 105

VPN, 166

, 36
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Windows Server 2003, 130 , 110; 111
Windows Server 2003, Datacenter , i10; 111
Edition, 31; 131 , 175
Windows Server 2003, Enterprise , 240
Edition, 31; 130 , 85
Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition, 30; 130

356

, 172; 176 NetBIOS, 170
, 301
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, 250 , 221
, , 253 , 112
, 250
, 252 NetBIOS, 42
, 250 NDIS, 42
, 250
, 250

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NDIS. 42 Microsoft, 40
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DNS, 311
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, 311
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, 312
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357
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Active Directory, 174 , 263
, 204 -
, 266

, 196
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CSMA/CD, 68 , 203
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OSI, 54

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, 299
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358
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193; 242; 273 , 280
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, 278
Apple Talk, 59 , 279
AppleTalk, 56 , 278
DLC, 58 , 280
HTTP, 173 , 287
Internet, 57 , 280
IPX/SPX, 56; 58 , 279
LDAP, 168
NetBEUI, 59 Web-, 160
NetBIOS, 59 -, 160
PPP , 166 , 160
PPTP, 166 , 160
SNA, 60 , 160
TCP/IP, 56; 57; 218 , 160
TCP/IP, , 228 , 160
ISO/OSI, 59
X.500, 168

, 40
, 161
DEFAULTIPSITELINK, 178

, 55
, 254
, 64
, 255
Windows Server
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2003, 30
, 255
Datacenter Edition, 31
DCPROMO, 178
Enterprise Edition, 31
-, 35
Standard Edition, 30
, 104 Web Edition, 30
, 205 , 36; 46
DNS, 232
WINS, 231
, 26; 27; 46
Internet, 76
, 26
, 176

, 76
NTFS, 267
, 203; 204
, 268
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, 197
, 198 , 36
, 271 , 24
, 198 , 38
, 265 , 24
, 29; 34 ,24
Microsoft, 42 , 24
NetWare, 43 , 24
, 180 , 34
, 222

359
, 24 , 46
, 26; 27 , 125
, 49
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, 96 NSLOOKUP, 235
, 27 PING, 235
, 28 ROUTE, 235
, 24 TELNET, 236
-, 50 TRACERT, 235
-, 50
, 62 IEEE 802.12, 121
ARCnet, 64 IEEE 802.3, 121
ATM, 73 , 53
CDDI, 73 , 34
Ethernet, 67 , 36
FDDI, 72 , 89
Token Ring, 70 , 187
/, 26 , 196
, 66
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Plug and Play, 45
, 93

, 263
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DHCP, 161; 233
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DNS, 169
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RADIUS, 166

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, 172
Internet Windows, 230
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, 173

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, 45 , 63
DDE, 45 , 65
, 46 , 65
, 63
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Windows, 161 , 114
, 149 , 225; 227
, 30 , 140
, 24 Windows
, 34 Server 2003, 341
1/1 /, 125
, 241
Account, 246
, 189
Address, 245
, 181
Dial-in, 248

General, 245
Member Of, 248 , 175
Organization, 248
Profile, 247 , 200
Telephones, 247 , 168
, 98 , 137
, 172 , 137

360
-, 137 , 249
, 137 Active Directory
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, 138 , 239
Windows Server 2003
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, 149

, 202
, 202 HOSTS, 232
, 211 SCHEMA.INI, 175
, 208 , 37
, 210
, , 211 FAT, 263
, 212 FAT32, 263
, 208 NTFS, 266
, 281 FQDN, 158
, 281

Computer Management, 314


Delpart.exe, 345
Event Viewer, 309 , 187
Network Monitor, 324 , 188
NTBACKUP, 284 , 187
Syspart, 344 , 187
Sysprep, 344 -, 222
System Monitor, 315; 320 , 222
TDR, 332

Administrator, 240

, 125
Guest, 241
, 124
, 240
, 246
, 240
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, 239 , 76
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, 240
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* Active Directory Sites and dssite.msc , ^k
5^, Services ( Active Active Directory ^^
^ Directory)
3^- Active Directory Users and dsa.msc , ,
-
Jf Computers ( -^fc-
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<^ Component Services ( comexp.msc + ^"
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^ Computer Management compmgmt.msc , ^^L,
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^_ Data Sources (ODBC) odbcad.msc

ODBC-
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dhcpmgrnt.msc DHCP, ,
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M. Disk Defragrnenter dfrg.msc .^S,
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^ Distributed File System dfscrnd DFS, j?-
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* ) Windows Server Ju


^- Internet Service Manager mmc.exe Web- FTP- Internet ^^ ' -
^. ( Internet) H:\W2KSVR\System
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^ Licensing () llsmgr.exe j^-. ;
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,
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