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14 ISSN 1857-2774

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ABSTRACT

The magazines editorial entitled Prospects and chal- the meeting focused on opportunities in real-time moni-
lenges of water supply and sanitation sector reflects upon toring of surface waters.
the expected significant increase in next year of the fi- A whole new story is presented in the article entitled
nancial allocations from foreign donors for this sector. Water and sanitation sector challenges targeted by the
The Delegation of the European Union announced it Community of Practitioners from Moldova. The Com-
would allocate towards the 2013, up to 1100 million lei in munity of Practitioners (CP) is designed as a platform for
two installments in 2011 and 500 million lei respectively, professionals in water supply and sanitation sector, whi-
600 million lei in 2012. The World Bank intends in the- ch serves as a basis for implicit and explicit knowledge
se two years to provide the allocation of 120 million lei and experience exchange, share of new ideas and trends,
for rural areas. The European Bank for Reconstruction along with the reinforcement of general knowledge in
and Development, the governments of Switzerland, Cze- this sector. The issues discussed at CP meeting and via
ch Republic, Austria, Sweden, Turkey, Kuwait and other email included Regionalization of water supply services
countries will continue to support water related projects in Moldova, the activity Water Consumer Associations,
in a large number of both towns and villages of Mol- the contents of Water and Sanitation chapter of the
dova. But the question arises whether we are ready for Draft National Environmental Strategy of the Republic
such amount of financing? The absorption capacity of of Moldova until 2015, etc.
financial assistance would be the first challenge to face. Next heading is called The project Prut - Nisporeni
Another one would be the issue on identification of ap- entering the phase of practical implementation describes
propriate sources of drinking water in compliance with donors (Governments of Austria and Switzerland and
sanitary requirements. A number of projects in rural are- the European Union) and rayonal authorities efforts on
as are already stopped because of this. Another real chal- water supply from the Prut River of Nisporeni town and
lenge presents the overcoming of a passive attitude of the neighbor villages.
population, but also local authorities, to resolve existing The 7th meeting of the Sectoral Council for Foreign
water supply and sanitation issues in their communities. Assistance Coordination in the field of Environment,
Under the heading Water News the reader learns water and sanitation which took place on October 18,
about signing of the Memorandum on Cooperation re- 2011 opened the discussions regarding the proposed
garding the drinking water supply in seven administra- reforms in irrigation sector, upgrading the socio-econo-
tive-territorial units of the Northern part of the country mic development strategy of Rcani and Cahul districts,
(Soroca, Floreti, Drochia, Rcani, Sngerei, Teleneti, along with the technical assistance project on water sup-
and Balti municipality) with the connection to water-pi- ply and sanitation. Additionally waste management issu-
pe Soroca-Bli, which is expected to be leased by a pri- es were outlined, along with new challenges which emer-
vate company. In the story entitled Seminar dedicated to ged in this area, but also relevant solutions to mitigate
the Protocol on Water and Health we learn that it was ai- them.
med at examining the achievement of the national target The article on Outcomes of 7th Environment for Eu-
indicators regarding the implementation of the Protocol rope Ministerial Conference in Astana provides a brief
on Water and Health, developed with the support of the summary on the most important event in the field for the
Economic Commission for Europe and the Swiss Agency last four years. The Conferences two main theme which
for Development, as well as fixing of the following steps as well reflect our countrys priorities were Sustainable
towards the implementation of Protocols provisions. management of water and water-related ecosystems; and
Following that the reader is informed regarding the Greening the economy: mainstreaming the environment
ordinary meeting of the Subgroup on Water Monitoring into economic development. The speech of George ala-
which agenda included the finalizing of consultations ru, Minister of Environment during the plenary session
upon the preliminary List of surface water bodies along highlighted issues of cross border cooperation activities,
with the List of potential locations for surface water more in detail cooperation with Romania. Additionally
quality monitoring. Also during the meeting the Draft was presented the information regarding the opportuni-
Strategy for selecting parameters of surface water quality ties on drafting and signing in the nearest future of the
monitoring and Draft Procedure on identification, deli- Agreement on cooperation on Nistru River.
neation and classification of surface water bodies were The Water News column ends with information
presented and discussed. Another topic discussed during regarding the outcomes of XVth ordinary session of the

14, 2011
26
Working Group for the EU Water Initiative Eastern Eu- special water use permits were examined, being issued
rope, Caucasus and Central Asia which took place No- 52 of such permits. Another 150cases were examined for
vember 7 -11, 2011 in Bucharest. Topics addressed in the discharges to surface waters within acceptable limits, not
session included: national policy dialogues in the field of given any authorization.
water supply and sanitation, transboundary cooperation, Following this on the pages of our journal the Ape-
use of economic instruments for water distribution, in- le Moldovei Agency presents information on local and
tegration of water use or adequate management of water foreign capital investments used for the reconstruction
resources and other. of water and sanitation systems. Thus, as of 06.10.2011
For the Republic of Moldova the Working Group were executed:
has proposed for 2012 two projects which require the - capital investment in the basic component for LPA
development of a climate change strategy for the water - 3.2 million lei,
supply and sanitation and a business plan for rural and - capital investment in the basic component for CPA
small towns related to the water supply and sanitation - 1.5 million lei
sector. - Ecological Fund - 23, 5 million lei
Quarterly environmental newsletter Water Chronicles - projects financed from external sources, including
contains data submitted by state institutions on the quali- Government contribution - 22.7 million. lei.
ty and quantity of water in Moldova for the period of July The newsletter includes data on the financing of
-September 2011. Thus we learn that ones have reported a specific water related projects implemented with the
significant rainfall deficit - decrease from 22 mm (Blata) support from the National Environmental Fund, Moldo-
to 75 mm (Ceadr Lunga) of about 15-45% of norm. As per va Social Investment Fund and other donor institutions.
September 28, 2011, productive moisture reserves in soil Ministry of Environment informs regarding the norma-
layer of arable land with autumn crops and those intended tive acts and new draft regulatory initiatives in relevant
for their sowing on a large part of the republic were low and field which are in the course of development.
constituted 5-10 mm (15 - 45% of the norm), isolated in The permanent column Water Stories contains
the Northern part of the republic, humidity productive ara- material on successful implementation of water supply
ble soil layer was lacking. In September the share of Nistru project in village Sculeni, Ungheni rayon. With the sup-
river flow was low and amounted to 60-75% out of norm; port of project activities 620 households (25000 inhabi-
the Prut river on the upstream of the lake CostetiStnca tants) and 16 social and business institutions (bakery,
and in August the downstream sector of the lake Costeti shops, secondary schools with 550 pupils, kindergarten
Stnca was significantly lower than norm and was about 30- with 105 children, art school with 60 students, hospital,
45% of average annual values. The share of Rut river water culture club) were connected to quality drinking water
flow and small rivers in the North and Center of Moldova supply. From the projects inception phase the village
for the entire period was below average one constituting the association of water consumers Aqua Sculeni was cre-
40-70% of norm, and data regarding the small rivers in the ated- the structure that unites, mobilizes and presents
South of the republic reflected 30-55% of average annual the interests of local water recipients. At present Aqua
values. Exception was the share of water flow r. Bc in Sep- Sculeni overtook the management and service provision
tember which was about 12% of average annual values. of the drinking water supply system.
The data presented by Apa-Canal Chisinau show The fact that France may serve as a model for Mol-
the main activity indicators for the third quarter of 2011 dova in the treatment of drinking water, wastewater
and namely: water capture - 20771,3 thou m3 comparing treatment and planning of modern dispatchers have
to 21 397,0 thou m3 in the same period of 2010, water convinced many experts of the Apa-Canal Chisinau in
distribution -20 729,7 thou m3 comparing to 20 046,4 frames of the study visit conducted in September thus
thou m3 for the same period, water commerce - 11300,0 describing this experience on the pages of the magazi-
thou m3 vs. 12095,2 thou m3 last year. The technologi- ne in the article entitled Apa-Canal Chisinau is targeting
cal and commercial water losses decreased slightly from towards EU partners experience. To see the real achi-
8634,5 m3 in 2010 to 8386,0 m3 in 2011. The newsletter evements of French experts, colleagues from Moldova
tables include as well other data characterizing the acti- were given the opportunity to become familiar with the
vity of the largest water provider in the country. activity of drinking water station Choisy-Le-Roi, located
According to data on Water Resources chapter on the river Seine. Another visited facility was wastewa-
provided by the State Ecological Inspectorate for the refe- ter treatment plant Ginestous-Garonne in town Toulou-
rence period were inspected 476 economic operators and se, which could serve as an example to Chisinau in the
were concluded 176 protocols. As a result of irregulari- treatment and continued use of decomposed sludge as
ties detected by the Environmental Agencies and State fertilizer in agriculture.
Ecological Inspectorate a number of 184 offenders were The next article with the title The Switzerland ex-
sanctioned in the amount of 139,173 lei, out of which perience on decentralized administration on the basis of
46,974 lei were already collected. Six cases regarding the example of water supply systems management develops
14, 2011
27
the idea of taking over advanced practices related to wa- amount of information which may be found by a curi-
ter supply. The majority of water issues are governed by ous reader, is quite impressive, making the publication
the cantons (autonomous territorial administrative units to have a such price. Examining the river basin, the au-
of the size of county in Moldova) and communities. thors offer us a rather mixed picture - the large number
Water supply is mainly the task of communes, cantons of broken blue lines, which tells us that at least one time
having a supervisory function. Water consumption in of year, water from the river disappears. With few excep-
Switzerland is divided in the following shares: 40% co- tions, the river Bc and its tributaries are also represented
mes from surface sources, 40% of ground water and 20% by mapping lines. On the map one can find available data
of lakes and rivers. Average consumption per capita per on rural water supply and sanitation, including the share
day was reduced from 500 liters in 1981 to 350 liters in of the population connected to these services, indicating
2010. The article written by Nicole Tpperwien shall be the type of resource (captured spring, artesian, flowing
continued in the 15th edition of the magazine. water). As well the objectives with major impact on the
The magazine continued publication of material on environment are reflected on the map such as chemical
the development of river transport. After two years of si- storage, solid waste landfills and spontaneous dumps,
lence on this topic the magazine comes with the article land and underground mines, oil storage and gas stati-
Giurgiuleti Port: between achievements and problems ons, and others. Interested on providing their feedback
signed by Igor Zaharia, the chief of Naval Transport Ser- on the map can contact either authors, editors or directly
vice, Ministry of Transport and Road Infrastructure. The Chisinau Office of Ecological Movement of Moldova
complex geographical situation of Giurgiuleti port gives (MEM). The project, in which map was developed and
the possibility to develop the flow of goods and passen- printed was financed from the National Environmental
gers between Moldova and the Black Sea basin states, the Fund.
Mediterranean coastal countries of Eastern and Wes- The aquatic biodiversity is represented at the end of
tern Europe via the Danube River and inland waterway the magazine. Readers can see pictures and get acquain-
Rein - Main - Danube. This complex is more attractive ted with the description of a mammal - the-water-rat
compared to other ports due to developed access routes (Arvicola terrestris L.) and a higher plants Thelypteris pa-
(roadway, railway) and the possibility of floating transhi- lustris. The Arvicola terrestris L. is a rodent with a length
pment internal navigation, which can carry cargo up the of 12-23 cm, tail 7-11 cm and weight of 60-300 grams.
river Prut. In other words, the port complex is a highly It is spread throughout palearctic region. In our region,
developed multimodal hub. In this context, Giurgiulesti almost all around the country it can be seen next to quiet
port complex is a rather strong competitor for Ukrainian streams and stagnant waters in lowland and hill area.
ports located on the Danube, which is why the Ukrainian This specie usually consumes carrot, parsley, beets, oni-
side has intentions to stop its activity, relying on totally ons, potatoes, tender roots of trees, aquatic plants, etc. It
unfounded environmental hazard. builds the gallery next waters edge with one exit to water
Under the heading Readers Forum are starring and one or two on land. Rat-the-water has a significant
Svetlana PANAIOTOVA Women Association from Ga- role in the transmission of leptospirosis, tularaemia and
gauzia, Comrat, Ion ARANU, mayor of village Bu- other diseases affecting both animals and human. To
buieci, Chisinau municipality and Nicolae CREU, stu- prevent this undesirable phenomenon rat populations
dent, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Moldova are controlled by regulating the number of species. Ani-
Technical University. Along with the expression of sup- mal fur is used in making clothing pieces.
port words for materials published in magazines editions Thelypteris palustris is a perennial herbaceous, cryp-
and activity to promote sustainable use of water resour- togamic, vascular and higrofil plant, This plant is repro-
ces, these people advocate the initiation of a campaign duced by rhizomes, and vegetative height reached 100
to educate people, especially children and youth in the cm. Fern-the-pool is spread over the flat, swampy, shady
spirit of protection and careful attitude towards natural woods and moist on the ponds and lakes, often forming
resources in general and to water in particular. They be- small floating islands. It meets in every continent except
lieve that the water wells can not be neglected as a source Australia and, of course, the Antarctic. In Moldova, im-
of water and that their future as the consequence to the pressive populations of ferns are found in the reserve
connection to safe water sources must be decided at sta- Lower Prut. The plant is well-known people, including
te level. It is suggested to return to the topic regarding name synonymous with the beard airlock, faults, fern,
the old water supply facilities, such as, for example, water grass of snake, etc. From ancient times it was appreciated
tower in Chisinau. for its rhizomes rich in curative substances. Currently,
The review of new publications is represented in the plant is used in pharmacology. In nature, Thelypteris
current edition with the ecological map of river Bc basin. palustris is considered as an effective air and dust filter,
The obtained cartographic product presents the first at- radiation protection including solar. Health experts re-
tempt of its kind in the country and can be attributed by commend placing a potted ferns nearby computer, whi-
some experts to the category of raw material. But the ch would neutralize the radiation emission.
14, 2011
28


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