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ECONOMY

9 =O^=@ 9
\ sH [~ q^~ $^~H Ja#O^#. Q2
#`# sH q^#O q[ ^# HHO ZH#q (~ 3) J<k JO^iH
`e#^. Q2~ 3 ZH#g H< 1 WO_ < ZH#qH KOk#k
HQ, H<2 Z..ZH#qH O|OkOz#k. #`# sH q^#O
x~OK ~ O_= Q2 H=_O = 2008 [iy# Q2 ZH#q
~ (~ III)# ije ~o Uq^O Q L#n? J=Q# K H=K.
x*xH Q2 ~ 3 H< 1H KOk# WO_ < ZH#q |
"`O q sx ZH<qH P# ~ x |# ukHQ fHx
~OkOK_O [iyOk (6 x@ fH=_O [iyOk). ZH#q `O
O~ J=Q# ~"O> =# Q P^~: 2008 Group II ZH#q
~ x ij#. q s ZH<qH P# ~ O|OkOz# Q`
` ij# W\ =~ P# sH q^#O Z...Z.. "~
x~Oz# ZH#qH P# ~ x ij#.
q^~ J=Q#H q ZH<qH P# ~ 15 O=`~
`x , Z...Z.. "~ x~Oz# qq^ sH O|OkOz
=~ 15 ZH<qH P# `x (2005 Q2, 2000
Q2, Q l>_, << Q l>_ "^# q) q^~ H~~O W=_O [iyOk.
=YOQ =}H H P^~OQ XHH x\ =MO, X< =~
P#~ a\OH, q^~ H H =iHx H a@ W=_O [iyOk. ~ 3H
g~ Kk" =}H H`@ D "\i _ O~OQ
^^_ Q ^x, g q[xH =~O KQ ^x Pt. ....

g
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N
9
9

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ECONOMY

INDEX
1.Civil Services 2008, 09, Group - II 2008
q+}` _# q=~} (D x\ O|OkOz).. 03
2. "_ ~ (with Explanations)....................................... 15
3. =$k Ja=$k
Z) =MO............................................................... 22
a) H ~O\................................................................ 32
) =Y"# QO^....................................................... 33
a\OH
_) One word Questions ............................................ 35
W) Z...Z.. Q` ` .......................... 50
Z) x=i\ Q` ` ............................ 61
l) H ............................................................. 68
4. Q}OHO
Z) =MO.............................................................. 83
a)=Y"# `....................................................... 95
) H ~O\............................................................... 99
a\OH
_) One word Questions.............................................. 101
W) Z...Z..Q` ` ............................ 120
Z) H ............................................................ 126
5. 27042008# [iy# Endowment E.O. Examination....... 146
6 . Group - II 2008 -=^<............................ 149

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ECONOMY

CIVIL SERVICES 2008 - ECONOMICS

1.e 1 (=#)#, e 2 (q=~})` [`K H_# LyOz i# =^<x Z#H#O_.


e 1 (H<) e 2 (ZH<+<)
Z) ^iH q+= 1. "#H|_# ^ PiHa=$k ~}H @|_ sQ ~Q^
a) O`e` =$k 2. ` =~ @|_` O aOK@.
) aQ + 3. JO`~ O|O^ i= XHi @|_ @@.
1) Z a 2) Z a 3) Z a 4)Z a
231 123 213 132
[:1
q=~} :
 ^iH q+= J<q ` = ~ @|_` PiH == O aOz#_ U~_#. Wk
~Q~#~ ` =__ LOk.
 JO`~ O|O^O Q i= UHHO @|_ \ =$k kOK@ O`e`=$k. nx
~Q~#~ Ja=$k K#.
 "#H|_# ^ PiHa=$k [~QO> s~ @|_ \x aQ + ^O`O ``Ok.
nx ~*< < ~_< ukOK#.
2. HOk"x Wage-goods model ("`# = #=<)# Ja=$k K#k
1) Z". _ 2) Z.H. < 3) =H |#O^ 4) = <a
[:3
q=~} :
 = <a s i= =x (=^# O^` ^u H ^#` W) ~OkOK#. Wk
~ O_= OK=~ }oH P^~" O k. nxH `=OQ .Z<. =H =i .P~. |#O^ "`#
= =x (= O^` ^` ^#` W) `= "# "Planning for an Expanding Economy"
1956 Ja=$k Ki .
3. *a` I (PiH"`)x, *a` II (=# / ^O`O)` [`KO_.
*a` I (PiH"`) *a` II (=# / ^O`O)
Z. ~Q~ #~ 1. H "+ e `O
a. .Z<. ~*< < ~_< 2. O`e` =$k ^O`O
. Q<~ q~ 3. aQ + ^O`O

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ECONOMY
_. Z.F.~=< 4. JO`e`=$k ^O`O
H_ : 1) Z a _ 2) Z a _ 3)Z a _ 4)Z a _
2134 4312 2314 4132
[. 3
q=~} :
 ~Q~ #~ O`e`=$k ^O`x
 ~*< < ~_< aQ + ^O`x
 Q<~q~ H "+ e `x
 Z.F. ~=< JO`e` =$k ^O`x Ja=$k Ki .
4. = <a #=< U }oH J=OaOK_O [iyOk.
1. "^\ OK=~ }oH 2. ~ O_= OK=~ }oH
3. =_= OK=~ }oH 4. <= OK=~ }oH
[:2
q=~} :
 ~_-_=~ #=< P^~OQ "^\ OK=~ }oH
 =<a< #=< P^~OQ ~ O_= OK=~ }oH
 JH "` #=< P^~OQ =_= OK=~ }oH
 JH ~^ =i Alan-S.Manne #=< P^OQ 4= OK=~ }oH ~OkOK|_Ok.
5. 'PiHa=$k =< O|OkOz Jq Ja=$k K|_# =~H=O D q^OQ LOk.
Z) Hh J=~ ^$H^O (Basic needs approach)
a) `i P^ ^$H^O (Percapita Income approach)
) =#= Ja=$k z ^$H^O ( Human Development Index approach)
1) Z, a, 2) a, Z, 3)a, , Z 4)Z, , a
[:2
q=~} :
 `i P^ ^$H^O 1960 O^ ^$H^O
 Hh J=~ ^$H^O 1970 O K OH
 =#= Ja=$k p ^$H^O 1990 UNDP

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ECONOMY
6. =$k Ja=$kH O|OkOz, HOk "x ^xx =$kQ ~.
1) ^=~O Q GNP =$k
2) ^=~O Q `i P^O =$k
3) "= ~O Q GNP =$k
4) "= ~O Q `i P^ =$k
[:4
q=~} :
 ^ *f^O ~Q^ =$k. J~` Wk [< ~Q^ "x iQ}#xH fH^.
H|\ `i GNP ^ `i P^O ~Q^ =$k. ^=~O `i P^O HO> "= ~O
Q `i P^=$k '=$kQ =|_#. ^=~ `i P^O ^~ ~Q^ =O
He LO_#. ^~ ~Q^ = `i P^O iy< Ja=$kQ =~^.
7. Two - GAP model ~O_ JO`~O\~. nxH O|OkOz, HOk "x i#k Uk
Z) ~ "# = JO`~O
a) ^ @|_ JO`~O
1) Z =`" 2) a =`"
3) Z =i a 4) Z H^, a H^
[:2
q=~} :
 Two - GAP model J< =# Holls. B. Chenery Ja=$k K#. D ^O^ JO`~O
2 JO`~O\~.
Z) "#H|_# ^ @|_H i_# O` ^ O H^. nxx ^ @|_ =^
JO`~O JO^~.
a) ZQ=` q=HO> kQ=` q= Z=O@Ok. H|\ ZQ=` kQ=` JO`~O U~_#.
 "^\ ^x ^ JO`~O Jx, ~ O_=^x q^j =~H ^= JO`~= x ~ . H|\ (2)
i # =^#O.
8. XH ^`OO =^Q`O 20.6 =i HO 26 J~` ^x JOH =^=O (Mean)
ZO` ?
1) 16 2) 17.9 3)18.4 4)19
[:2
q=~} :
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ECONOMY

Z = 3 med 2 mean
26 = 3 (20.6) 2x
26 = 61.8 2x
26 61.8 = 2x
35.8 = 2x
35.8
=x
2
17.9 = x

9. ~O* =H~Y ^xx J^#O K@ LQ_#


1) Q@ 2) q~}=< 3)O|O^O 4)pOY
[:2
q=~} :
q~ }
# H=_xH L yOK ~ Mz` H=#" ~O* =HY . =H F.~O* ~` Wk
=__ LOk.
10. =# O} [normal distribution] H O|OkOz i#k Uk?
1) =}H qK#O > =^ qH qK 4#O > K` ~O qK#O
= DM
5#O > =}
2) K` ~O qK#O > =^ qH qK H qK#O

3) =^ qH qK#O > =}H qK#O > K` ~O qK#O


4) K` ~O qK#O > =^ qH qK#O > =}H qK#O
[:1
q=~} :
XH += q[#O ^~}O JxO\HO > =}H qK#O Z=Q LO_, K` ~O qK#O
` =Q LO_#.
2
 =}H qK#O Q.D 2/3 =O` LO@Ok. QD =
3

 =}H qK#O M.D 4/5 =O` LO@Ok.


 H|\ =}H qK#O > =^ qH qK#O > K` ~O qK#O

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ECONOMY
11. H\
H\ O|O^ Q}Hx Q}OKO^ i# `"k

1) 2) 3) 4)
[:2
q=~} :
 ~=< Q}`H JO =^ O|O^x Q}O
KO^ H\ O|O^ Q}Hx L yOK#.

^
12. HOk"x Uk Hi=~# =i H~H i=~# sH# O`$~K#.
1) ~ pOY 2) +~ pOY 3)jpOY 4)Hbp
[:2
q=~} :
 + ~ pOY Hi=~# , H~H i=~# sH # ~ O_O\x O`$ ~ #. JO^K Wk P^~ pQ
=|_`Ok.
13. Q}=^=O (Geometric Mean) O` U p OY xiOK|_Ok.
1) ~ p 2) + 2d~ 62d222pdd666 3)j p 4) p
1
= r
1
[:2 )1 2nN (N n11323N nn
q=~} :
 + ~ p OY ~, j Q}=^ =O
 p ~, j JOH=^ =O.
14. O|O^ Q}HO nx#Oz `O`OQ LO@Ok.
co-efficient of correlation is independent of which of the following?
1) Change of origin only (=O#Oz =~)
2) Change of scale only (`~
#Oz =~)
3) Change of origin and scale (=O `~ #Oz =~)
4) None of the above (Un H^)
[:3
q=~} :
O|O^ Q}HO J<k =O, `~ =~ #Oz `O`OQ LO_#. JO> q`O H^.
[Co-efficient of correlation is independent from change of origin and scale. Thus no impact on correlation
Co-efficient].

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ECONOMY

CIVIL SERVICES 2009 - ECONOMICS

15. ~" ~# 'O^H =[O H}O Uk


Z) iq` L`u O a) ` *HO O_@
) #@<H ~O L# G OHuH i*#O _)==H~H PkH `
1) Z, a, _ 2) Z, a, 3)Z, , _ 4)a, , _
[:3
q=~} :
~" =$k ^ "^\ ^ Traditional society. nx H}
 #@<H ~=# G, OHuH i*#O P^~OQ U~_# =[O.
 nx iq`" # L`u O LO@Ok.
 nxx WO_ * JO^~.
 ^j [< 75% # ==O < P^~_ ` ~.
 [ qxQ J=~ # qye#k q rq`O Y~ K~ .
16. ~O* =H~Y gx =^ O|O^x `#.
1) P $+ =i P^H#
2) [< Q =i `` O|O^ P^"\
3) x~^y` =i ^"}O
4) "`# O =QO@ =i qOu
[:2
q=~} :
~O* =H~Y P^,O^, O} Q J=#`# `#. 0x JHO [<=~`x,
0y JHO P=~ [< "`O P^O O^`x QiOz ~O* =H~Y# xi~
 JO> P~}H=O U~@K# [<#, "`O P^O O^ "\# ~O* ~ Y `eK O k.
 x~^y` ^"} ~ @Q O|O^x ` k e =H~Y.
 "`# O, xQO@qOuH =^ Q O|O^x ` k "#H =Oy# = ~ ~ Y.
17. K# x~^y` J<k D iux ``Ok.
1) iHO HO> ` =Q "i= J=~O J~#\H, iHO =$` xK # @ H#_@
2) x~^y`, ^"}O r=#O K @

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ECONOMY
3) iHO xK @ = ` =Q "`< KeO K|_@.
4) PiH= = Jx~^y`=`O LO_@.
[. 1
q=~} :
J=~"# "iHO> Z= =Ok x x=QLO__x K#x~^y` JO^~. g~ x~^QQ
L#@"iH _ `e^. gi LO` L`^H` #OQQx, ~}`HOQQx LO@Ok. JO> K #
x~^Q iHO ==# xK # @ H#_`~. x*xH gi= HkHO =`" J=~O .
18. HOk"x i#k Uk
Z) ^x H, ^ ^ =^ , qq^ ~ ^x H, ^=~ =^ "q ^ O LO_@HH ~Q`~=_"
^O^`O (Dualism)
a) P^ xH *=O =[O (Leftists), ~ > (Rightists) Q ~[H q[ # [~Q@
^O^`O(Dualism).
1) Z =`" 2) a =`" 3) Z a 4) ~ O_ iH^.
[: 1
q=~} :
"#H|_# ^ L`u H P^ xH OHuH i*#O J=OaOK ~OQO JkH L`^H` , ~`#
OHuH i*#O J=OaOK ~OQO JL`^H` LO@Ok. L`^H` =` = P^ O^
=`~ _ ^x H ^=~ =^ JO`~ ~Q# nx ^O^`O JO^~.
19. HOk "H i#k QiOKO_
Z) JkH `i P^OQ ^ JkH P Q L I x He LO\~.
a) JkH `i P^OQ ^h JkH P Q L I x He LO_e# J=~O ^
(Countries with high PQLI need not necessarily have high per Capita Income )
1) Z =`" 2) a =`" 3) Z =i a 4) Z, a ~ O_H^
[.3
q=~ } :
 ^~}OQ ` = `i P^OQ ^ P Q L I q= ` =Q# Z= `i P^O Q
^ P Q L I q= Z=Q# LO@Ok.
 J~#\H Hx ^ `i P^O JkHO Q L#\H P Q L I q= JOQ LO_=K. `i
P^O ` ="# \H P Q L I p JkHO Q LO_=K.
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ECONOMY
20. P^ J=#` nx ^~ Q}OK=K
1) JOH=^ =O 2) =^ qH qK#O 3) =}H qK#O 4) ~O* =H~ Y
[. 4
q=~ } :
~O* =H~ Y q~ }
# ~ Mz`O ^~ HeK =#O. nx O` P^ J=#` Z\ L#"
`H=K. P^=O} ~ Y ~O* =H~Y ^~OQ LO> J=#` Z=Q L#@, ^Q~ Q
LO> J=#` ` =Q L#@ K =K.
21. XH ij# JOH=^ =O 12, =^ Q`O 14, J~#K HO ZO`
1) 16 2)26 3)18 4) 13
[. 3
q=~}: HO 3 =^ Q` 2 JOH=^ =
3(14) 2(12)
4224
18
22. K# x~^y` ^~}OQ D ~OQO H#_#.
1) =# HiOQ ~OQO 2) ==O 3) z#`~ i= 4) @} O`
[. 2
q=~ } :
^~}OQ == ~OQO J=~" # x"i HO> Z= =Ok xK O \~. gi< K # x~^Q
JO^~.
23. ''u~ `# _=O_# `< $+OKO@Ok H|\ [OQ O~ L^y` LO@Ok. J<
^O`O nx` O|O^= Ok.
1) '`O 2) y< " i `O 3) Q L^y` `O 4) H< L^y` `O
[. 1
q=~} :
J.B. Say ' Supply creats its own Demand' J< =~\ `x ukOK#. u~ `# Demand #
`< $+OKO@Ok H|\ =~\ _=O_ H~` LO_^x, e`OQ L`u J~# =~t JO`
qH~OK|_@= JkH L`u, x~^y` LO_^< # . H|\ PiH == O~ L^y` LO@Ok.
24. HOk "x 'a<OQ~ ^O`O ^xH KOk#k
1) Ja=$k ^ =~H x|O^# O|OkOz#q
2) Ja=$k KOk# ^ H} KOk#k

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ECONOMY
3) Ja=$k ^ q^j "~ KeO =`xH KOk#k.
4) Ja=$k KOk# ^ q^j"~ KeO =`xH KOk#k.
[.1
q=~} :
Ja=$k KOk#, Ja=$k KO^`# ^=^ q^j"~O [iy`, =~H x |O^# Ja=$kKO ^`# ^
uOQ LO\x, Ja=$kKO k# ^ aO^`x 'aOQ~ ^O`O K `Ok.

Group II - 2008

1. 'Stages of Growth' J< ^O`= Z=i` =_ _#k?


1) = < l<\ 2) He< H~ 3) = < 4) w.w. ~"
[. 4
q=~} :
 ^O H =$k qq^ ^ ^~ [~Q`O^x PiH" ` JaO.
 H~= ~ _e[O, @|_^iq^#O, ="^O, H=x[O ^~ =[O Ja=$k KO^`O^<# .
 w.w. ~" O^ =[O, =
# ^ =O^ i` , = # ^, iH ` Q=#O, =H
qxQ ^ ^~ =[O Ja=$k KO^`O^<# .
 w.w. ~" "# QO^O
" The Stages of Economic Growth"
2. w.w. ~ " PiHa=$kH Hx ^ zOK#. Jq U=#Q
1) O^~H =[O 2) = #^ 3) _" @ "Ki\ 4) JkH qxQ^ HO
[. O~O Q ^ . ~" # ~# 4 ^ # KzOK#.
3. p OY# HOz# "i XH~
1) + ~ 2) Z_=~ 3) Q 4) _<
[. 1
q=~} :
 p OY# ~, j, _i+, , + ~ , =~Z_=~, H b ~OkOzi.
 J~` 134 p OY# ijeOz, XH P^~ px ~OkOz#k +~ H|\ pOY
Z=Q + ~ ` =__ LOk.
4. =#= Ja=$k zH JO=Hxk

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ECONOMY
1) ~`^ = P+ O=` 2) JH~`~ @ =i ~ Q@
O=`~
3) t =~} ~ @ 4) P^O
[. 3
q=~} :
1979 "i _q_ "i 3 JO fHx P.Q.L.I x xiOK#.
Z) P~ O a) t =~}~ @ ) JH~ `
D 3 JO O H JO.
 1990 U.N.D.P "~ ~OkOz# =#"a=$k ~ O_ O H JO XH\ PiH JOO Q=.
 Z) P~ O a) JH~ ` ) `i P^O
 "i P.Q.L.I t=~}~ @ XH JOO. Hx U.N.D.P "i HDI t=~} ~ @ H OK|_^ .
`i P^x fH=_O [iyOk.
5. O`e` =$k J< =# HH O|OkOz#k.
(The idea of balanced Growth is related to the classical )
1) [ PiH = J< =# 2) i L^y` =`=#
3) =~@ q^ (Law of markets) 4) Ja ^`O (school of thought)
[. 3
q=~} :
O`e` =$k^ O`x ~Q~ #~ Ja=$k K#. J~` Wk J.B. Say ukOz# '=~\ `O
P^~_ LOk. 'u~ `# Demand # `< $+O KO@O^x Say `O `e* O k. nx q=~
LOk. =~ t ~ iy` L`u H~H _=O_ ~Q`Ok. =YOQ =^# _=O_ ~Q#.
Hx =^# O `# ~ x `# $+O KH^ H^!
6. Ja=$k H~ si= @|_ \x "kOz# Ja=$k ^O`=
1) H\ H qx=" Z~ 2) aQ + 3) JO`e` =$k 4) O`e` =$k
[. 2
q=~ } :
^iHx `yO z q+=# KkO KO^ si= s ~ @|_ \x aQ + ^O`O
``Ok.
7. PiH == "\aH ~OQ r=<x U=x~.
1) xO`} PiH == 2) @|_^s q^#O 3) =^O`~ ~OQO 4) q= PiH= =
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ECONOMY
[. 4
q=~ } :
 xO`} PiH= = `O ^ # ` +OK#. L`u JO` `O Pn#O LO_#.
 @|_ ^s q^#O L`u JO " @
= Pn#O LO_#.
 q= PiH= = ` =i " @
~OQ ~ O_ He r=#O K~. nxH =Oz
L^~} WO_ .
 1948 iqH f~#O ^~ WO_ q= PiH= = <k _O k.
8. ~`^O H ~O_= OK=~ }oH ~H# K#k Z=~?
1) |#O^ 2) = <a 3) ~__=~ 4) KH=i
[. 2
q=~ } :
 "^\ }oH ~__=~ #=< J#iOK_O [iyOk.
 ~ O_= }oH =<a =x J#iOK_O [iyOk.
 = <a s i= =xH `=OQ =H =i |#O^ "`# = =x
~OkOzi. J~< Wk 2= }oH J= H^ .
9. U.N.D.P "~ xi# =#=Ja=$k zH `i P^HxH nxx fO\~.
1) NNP per capita
2) GDP per capita
3) GDP per capita US $ in terms of purchasing power parity
4) GDP per capita in US $ at market Exchange Rate
[. 3
q=~ } :
 U.N.D.P. "~ ~OkOz# =#"a=$k p `i GDP x `i P^OQ fH<#.
D `i GDP x ~ O_ ~HQ K =K
(a) =~\ qx=~ @ `i GDP
(b) H#Q H =#` (PPP) ~OQ `i GDP.
 U.N.D.P. "~ H#Q H =#` ~O Q `i GDP x (J"iH _~ Q) `i
P^OQ fH<#.
10. ~` PiH == H PiHa=$k zH `=.?
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ECONOMY
Z) ^q H ~OQ= #O_ GDP JkH "\ =K@.
a) PiH == ==H =~ (institutional changes)
) == ~OQ= #O_ iqH ~OQ=# ==~ " =~ (structural transformation)
_) H~H =$k (Inclusive Growth)
1) a, , =i _ i #q 2) Z, a, =i i #q.
3) Z, , =i _ i #q 4) a =i =`" i #q.
[: 4
q=~ } :
 GDP ^q H ~OQO "\ JkHO Q LO_@ PiHa=$kH zH H^.
 ~` PiH= = ==H =~ K@ K #q. Wk Ja=$kH zH .
 ~` PiH= = == ~OQO#O_, iqH ~OQxH ==H =~ =K~. Wk_
Ja=$kH zH .
 ~`^ O =$k [~Q`#k. Hx Jk JO^ix H Hx [~Q ^ .=$k K =~ "iH
K~ ^ . JO^K 11= }oH Inclusive Growth x ^ # JOOQ x~~ OK#.
11. ~` PiH== "#H|_ LO__xH D HOk "\
"\ XH\ =YH~}O
1) JkH [#O^`
2) =^# O H~`
3) qxQO Hx =#==#~ =i [=#~ r=#O
4) `i P^O
[: 3
 ~` PiH= = Q`H x O=`~Q ^ @|_ ~Q` =K~.
 =^# O H~` L#\H kQ=u K Hx [=#~#, =#= =#~# i~
qxyOKHQey` Ja=$k kOK=K.
 H|\ ~` PiH= = "#H|__xH qxQO Hx =#= =#~ =i [=#~ r=#".

Note: '' XH"


L yOKx ^ ` =Q L yOz# =#= =#~, =~" L yOKx [=#~
He LO_ ^# Ja=$k ^x }oH O O x~zOz#k.

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ECONOMY
APPSC (GROUP-II) EXAM
MODEL PAPER
(5= x\)
1. ~=< JO`e` ^O`O HOk"x U JOxH ^#`# W=^?
1) =O^, "#H JO#|O^
2) ` H L`^H H~H (DPA)
3) O H ==< =^# O (SOC)
4) qq^ ~OQ =^ =`O
[. 4
q=~} :
 ~=< JO`e` =$k ^O`x K `.. =O^, "#H J#|O^ Q i=# "^@Q
O K<#. J`kH =O^ "#H J#|O^ W#=L H~Q~xH LO\<#.
 =^# , qxQ == L`uH KOk# @|_# DPA @|_ JO^~.
 qq^ ~OQ xH =K L`^H# L`u K @|_ SOC @|_ L^: q^KH , ~"},
q^ "II. ~=< H~O SOC H~` ^~Qx, SOC JkH ` ^~ Qx @|_ @=K.
 qq^ ~OQ =^ =`O LO_ @|_ \<k ~Q~ #~ ukOz# O`e` =$kH
KOk#k. nxH ~=< ^#` W=^ .
2. ^O^ PiH == O|OkOz i#k.
Z) ^j =~\, q^j =~\ He LO_@
a) P^ xH i= =i == "}rH~} , O^ Ku=$` `#, r=<^~
==O`# r=#O K @
1) Z =`" 2) a =`" 3) Z =i a 4) UnH^
[. 2
q=~ } :
 Ja=$k PiH == ^O^ PiH == H}
H#|_#. D == ~ O_ qQ H#|_`~.
=~\ P^i`OQ P^ xH L`u ^` XH" , r=<^i`OQ O^ ^` =~"
H#|_#. H|\ 2 =`" i # =^#O.
3. HOk"x iHx "HO Uk?
1) O Ka=$k x"kH 2009 H~O $935 HO> ` = `i P^O =K ^# J^
^ JO\~.
2) $11,456 HO> Z= `i P^O =K ^# JkH P^O Q ^ JO\~.
15 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
3) O K Ja=$k x"kH# O KOH "~ K i< ~.
4) ~`^ O JkH P^O Q ^ =sH~ } LOk.
[. 4
q=~} :
 WDR2009 H~O $936 HO> ` = =K ^# LIC ^x JO\~.
 $11,456 JO`HO > Z= `i P^O Q ^# JkH P^O Q ^ JO\~.
 WDR x u O=`~O O KOH K iO k.
 WDR 2009 H~O ~` `i P^O $950. H|\ ~`^ O JkHP ^ ^
=sH~ }
^ .
4. Pi H a = $k H O |Ok O z#k
Z) =$k{ == ~H" # =~
a) Wk Oz`" # =# ) Wk n~H xH KOk#k
1) Z =`" 2) Z =i a 3) Z =i 4) Z,a =i
[. 3
q=~} :
 L`u ~Q^`@ == ~H OHuH =~` _# Q}`H =~# PiHa=$k
JO^~.
 PiHa=$k J<k PiH= $k HO> q"# k.
 "qH `i, P^O =K =~ n~H O H#y`< Jk PiHa=$k JQ#.
5. =#= =^# H# J< =## ^x ^~ "~QQ K=K?
Z) XH ^O =^# OK <x OK@
a) ^ [ H q*<x, < }x, H =~ =# OK@
) uH O^ ~Q^ _) JuH O^ ~Q^
1) Z,a =i _ 2) Z,a =i 3) =i _ 4) a =i _
[. 4
q=~} :
 ^ [ q*<x, < }x, H =~# OOkOK H =#= =^# O, Wk JuH
O^ O|OkOz#k.
6. JO`~f "~O Ja=$k KO^`# ^HO>, iqHOQ Ja=$k KOk# ^H
Z= O# K~#? nxx =iOz#k?
Z) Q<~ q~ a) ~ a+ ) |~~ _) _q_ iH~
1) a =i 2) =i _ 3) Z =i _ 4) Z =i a
[. 4
16 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
q=~} :
 Q<~ q~, a+, OQ~ "^# "#H|_# ^ ^q H == # ZQ=u K @ =, "\
^~ ` =Q LO_@ =, JkH ^~ Q iqH == # kQ=u K H#@ =, q^j =~H
x|O^# iqHOQ Ja=$k KOk# ^H J#OQ LO\~.
7. ^iH q+= O|OkOz i# H=O Uk?
1) J^= J @|_ J _=O_ =^# O H~`
2) J @|_ J P^O J ^ =^# O H~`
3) J ^ J _=O_ J @|_ =^# O H~`
4) J P^O J _=O_ J @|_ =^# O H~`
[. 4
q=~} :
 ^iH q+=xH O|OkOz i # H=O U^#Q _=O_" ^iH q+= J
P^O J _=O_ , J _=O_ J @|_H, J @|_ J =^# OK <xH
^if#.
_=O_ " q+=

8. =#"a=$kH KOk# =_ JO O` HDI x Q}<~, HOk"x U JOx


HDI Q } # f H ^ ?
Z) n~H =O`" # r=#O P~QO ( Longevity and health)
a) q*#O q^ (Knowledge and Education)
) =i t J a=$k (Women and Child development)
_) O H <O =i kH~` ( Social Justice and Empowerment)
W) r=# =}O (Decent standard of living)
1) W =`" 2) =i _ 3) a =i 4) Z =i _
[. 2
17 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
q=~} :
 UNDP "~ 1990 #Oz HDI x 3 JO P^~OQ ~Ok< ~. Z) n~H =O`" # r=#O.
nxx P~ O` Q} ~ . a) q*#O, nxx JH~ `` Q} ~ . ) r=# =}O. nxx `i
P^O` Q} ~ . nx P~ O, JH~ ` J<q O H JO. `i P^=<k PiH
JOO.
9. Take-off =# ^ J< Ja=$k ^ Z=~ ~OkOzi ?
1) ~*< < ~_< 2) ~" 3) H~= ~ 4) #~
[. 2
q=~} :
 ~*< < ~_< aQ + ^O`x ukOK#.
 ~" ~# 5 Ja=$k ^ = # ^ =Y"# k. =~Q 5 ^ ...1) O^ =[O.
2) = # ^ =O^ i` , 3) = # ^, 4) iH` Q=#O, 5) J`kH =H qxQ ^.
 H~= ~ qQ q= ^O`O K#.
 ~Q~ #~ O`e` =$k ^O`x ukOK#.
10. [iy# PiH=$k * OH=x OOkOKO>, HOk"x J=~"# +~` Uk?
1) [< ~Qe 2) P^O = O} H"e.
3) ^~ ~Qe 4) qx xQO@ ~Qe.
[. 2
q=~} :
 *f, `i P^ ~Q@ PiH= $k, *f, `i P^ iy#_ * OH = O
~QO> ` xiQ iy# P^O [O^i =^ =#OQ O} H"e. x _ [
OH = O ~QH =K.
 ^~ iy<, [< iy<, qxK JkHO Q xQO@ xK~Oz< "`O *f^O
~Q= K. Hh * OH = O `Q= K.
 P=~ < W = (1-G) J< OH = p _, `i P^O iy, P^O J=#` `y`
OH = O ~Q#x zO k.
11. PiH =$kH, =#"a=$kH =^ O|O^O @ i#k Uk?
Z) ` = PiH= $k _ JkH =#"a=$kH ^ O HQ^.
a) JkH PiH= $k, ui JkH =#"a=$kQ =~H =K.
) JkH PiH= $k JkH =#"a =$k J^ O
_) JkH PiH= $k, JkH =#"a=$k ~ O_ ^ =Q@ P^ q^< P^~_ #.
1) Z,a =i _ 2) a =i 3) Z, & _ 4) Z, a &
[. 1
18 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
q=~} :
 ` = PiH =$k =^ _ JkH =#"a=$k ^ =Q#. L^: <~
 JkH PiH= $k JkH =#"=$kH ^ifH=K.
 ^~}OQ JkH PiH= $k, JkH =#"a=$kH ^if#.
 J~` XH ^O J=OaOK q^<, JkH PiH= $k, JkH =#"a=$kH ^^_ _ O J<k
P^~_#.
12. e 1( Q @ ~ H ) e 2
Z) Q} =^=O (GM) 1. z# JOxH JkH ^#` WK@
a) ~ =^=O (HM) 2. nx #Oz f# qK< "`O '#
) JOH=^=O (AM) 3. q=# ~ Mz`O ^~ _ K=K
_) HO (Z) 4. `, x+` Q@ `H<O^ L Q_ #
5. cr =# (Mathematical operations) xH~^.
1) Z4, a5, 2, _1 2) Z2, a1, 3, _5
3) Z4, a1, 2, _5 4) Z2, a5, 3, _1
[. 3
q=~} : 2

 Q} =^=O (GM) : Wk x+` , ` Q}O KO^, =Oz Q@ Q L Q_ #.
 ~ =^=O (HM) : Wk J JO JkH ^#`, JkH JO J ^#` WK#.
 JOH=^=O (AM) : ~ "`x, ~ OMK y =O k. J JOH=^=O #Oz
f# qK< "`O # =#=Q#.
 HO (Z) : Wk # Q@ , Jx JO P^~_ Q}O K|_^ . JO^K Mathematical
Treat ment H L Q_ ^ .
13. Assertion (A) : x } H q $u Z_ ^x =}H qK#O HO> Z=Q
LO_#. Reason (R) : q $u J<k =}H qK#O H =~=.
1) A =i R "". =i R J<k AH ~ # q=~}
2) A =i R ~ O_ i #". Hh R J<k AH ~# q=~} H^.
3) A J<k i #k. R J"q HO. 4) A J<k J"= O. R i #^.
[. 1
q=~} :
 q $u J<k =}H qK#O H =~O . nxx OH `OQ Variance = K~ . JO^K }
q $u Z _ =}H qK#O HO> Z=Q LO_#.
19 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
14. Oz` ## ~Mz`O ^~ HOk"x U ~H"# Q@# JOK< "Q= ?
1) Q}=^== 2) ~=^== 3) =^Q`= 4) H=
[. 3
q=~} :
 JOH=^==, Q}=^==, ~=^== Q}` Q@
, H|\ g\x ~ Mz`O ^~ K= .
 =^Q`= , H= J<q # Q@ , g\x ~ Mz`O ^~ K=K.
 =^ Q`x Oz` ## ~ Y J< Fl" =H~Y ^~ JOK< " =K
 Hx # @O ^~ JOK< " K.
15. 1970 =i 1990 O=`~xH O|OkOz ^~# 1990 O=`~xH O|OkOz
i =}x W=_O [iy#_ U ~H"# p OY# Q}OK=K?
1) =~ Z_=~ p 2) + ~ p
3) j p 4) ~ p
[. 3
q=~} :
 ~ p OY P^~ O=`~ i=}x i`OQ fH<#.
 j p OY x~}O ` O=`~O i=}x i`OQ fH<#. H|\ =K~O
P^~OQ ~ px Q}O K= . j px Q}O K=K.
16. D HOk"x U ~H"# Q}OH H` ^`OOx Jx K~# P^~OQ Kx
Q } O K | _ #?
1) K` ~O qK#= 2) " 3) H= 4) Q}=^==
[. 4
q=~} :
 K` ~O qK#= "^\ 25% JO, z=i 25% JO q_z\ =^ L# 50% JO
P^~OQ Q.D. x Q} ~ .
 " "^\ JOO, z=i JOO fx =^ L# Jx JO# qi~ .
 HO U q= Z=~ #~=$`=Q< ^x< iQ} ~ .
 Q}=^=x ^`OOx K~xO\ P^~OQ fx Q} ~ .
17. XH ^`OO ^<`H "+=O Hey L#_ HOk "x Uk ~#k?
1) JOH=^== > =^Q`= > H=
2) JOH=^== < =^Q`= < H=
3) JOH=^== =^Q`= H=
4) =^Q`= < H= < JOH=^==
[. 1
20 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
q=~} :
 XH ^`OO += ^`OO J~` ^x "+ = O LO_^ . nx JOH=^=O, =^Q`O ,
H =#OQ LO\~.
 ^`OO J+= OQ LO> "+ = O LO@Ok.
 HO HO> JOH=^=O Z"` Jk ^< `H "+ = O.
 JOH=^=O HO> HO Z"` Jk ~}`H "+ = O
 =^Q`O Z_ JOH=^=xH, HxH =^ LO_#.
18. O|O^ Q}HO '1 J~` Jk U ~H"# |O^x `#.
1) |O^O ^ 2) O~ |O^=
3) ` = |O^= 4) O~ ~}`H O|O^=
[. 4
q=~} :
 O|O^O q= Z_ 1H {1H =^ LO_#. 1 O~ ~}`H O|O^x, {1
O~ ^< `H O|O^x `e* #.
 0 J<k O|O^ ~`x `=.
 0.25 J<k ` = O|O^x `#.
19. ~ P^~p HOk "x U sH# O`$~K# ?
1) Hi=~# sH 2) H~H i=~# sH
3) H =i H~H i=~# sH 4) KH sH (Circular Test)
[. 3
q=~} :
 + ~ p OY x\ sH# , H i=~# sH# , H~H i=~# sH# O`$ ~ K #.
J~` Wk KH sH# O`$ ~ K ^ .
20. HOk "x q=$`O` `~Q` (Open ends) Q}OK_xH gx Q}OH
H=#"k ?
1) =^Q`O 2) JOH=^=O
3) HO 4) K` ~O qK#O
[. 2
q=~} :
 =^Q`O , HO , K` ~OH qK< ^`O x Jx JO# iQ}#H fHO_
Q}O K|_`~. JO^OK g\x q=$`O` `~Q ` _ Q}O K=K. Hh JOH=^ =<k ^`OOx
Jx K~ P^~OQ Q}O K|_#. JO^K` JOH=^=x q=$`O` `~Q ` Q}O K= .
21 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY

=$k Ja=$k : =MO


=$k J~ =
 N=u H, +O@~O\ PiH" ` PiH= $k,Ja=$k J< ^ =^ +" # =`x KOK~.
=$k .
 ^O = = L`u =K ~Q^ PiH= $k. L^ : *f`u =K ~Q^. Wk i=}`H
=~# `#. Wk Oz` =#.
 J~` D L`u ~Q^ n~H OQ LO_e.
"= L`u ~Qe.
`i L`u ~Qe.
Pi H a = $k
 L`u ~Q^`@ == ~H, OHuH =~` _# Q}`H =~# Ja=$k JO^~.
Wk q"# =#.
PiHa=$k PiH =$k { == ~H" # =~
=$k { OH = O
H#yOK Q e Q Ja = $k
 q +` `~ "i J=~ f~< =~ O ^|fO_ ` `~O "~ `= J=~ f~H=_"
H#yOK Ja=$k Jx |\O_ Hq+< 1987 x~zOK#.
 O K ~=~} Ja=$k Hq+< 'our common future' J< q<~ i~ D ^x "^\ iQ
LyOK#.
 'P^ xH =$k x q=iOz#k '= < *<\ .
PiH=$kJa=$k =#
 PiH= $k [~Q`#n, xn *f^O ^~ "^\ Q}O K"~. `~ "` Z==Ok PiH" `
`i P^x =#OQ P"kOK~.
 PiHa=$k |=Y H . 1960 ^H O =~ PiHa=$kx =#O K @ *f`ux, `~ "`
`i P^x fH<~. `~ "` iH` zH ~OkOK~.
1. "= *f`u : iy` Ja=$k [iy#@Q qOK=Kx = < *<\ , g#~ O\
PiH" ` qOK~. J~` [< ~Q^ "x Wk iQ}O K^ .
2. `i P^O : *f`u HO> "qH `i P^O L`= "# zH Jx ~,
a << O\ PiH" ` qOK~. J~` P^ O} "x Wk iQ}O K^ .

22 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
3. xH~ PiH OH= z (NEW)
{ PiH OH = H=<x qeO #~= , *" \a< ~OkOK~.
{ nxx HkQ =i 'xH~ PiH OH = OQ =< ~ >#.
{ xH~ PiH OH = p "= *f`u { qOu =O {=~\ `~ H~H
~=~} HxH J =O
4. P.Q.L.I uH r=# =} p (Physical Quality of life Index)
{1979 "i _q_ "i PiH `~ JO` P.Q.L.I. x ~OkOK#.
{ nxx Z) [ P~ O (XH OII #Oz)
a) t =~} ~ @
) JH~ ` J< 3 JO P^~OQ ~OkOK#.
5. =#"a=$k p(HDI) (Human Development Index)
{ 1990 #Oz U.N.D.P. (United Nations Development Programme) "~ nxx =#"a=$k x"kH
Ki<~.
{ H.D.I ~te H< ^xH KOk# =|LH
{ nxx Z) [ P~ O (\# \ #Oz)
a) JH~ `
) `i P^O GDP (US$ PPP) J< 3 JO (O H{PiH) P^~OQ
~Ok<~. 2010 HDR ~`^ O 119 = ~O Ok#k.
{ P^ xH PiH =$kH Z==Ok P"k# =#O H.D.I
6. G.D.I. eOQ O|Ok` Ja=$k z (Gender Related Development Index)
{ nxx UNDP "~ 1995 #Oz ~Ok< ~. HDI x JO , ~+ "~ "~ Q Q} ~ .
2010 Gender Inequality Index x Q}O K#.
7. GEM eOQ kHi` H=x (Gender Empowerment Measure)
{ i#, ~[H , PiH JO U "~ O@<~ Wk `#.
8. HPI-I, HPI-II (Human Poverty Index)
{ Ja=$k KO^`# ^ 1997 #Oz HPI-I # Q} < ~.
{ Ja=$k KOk# ^ 1998 #Oz HPI-II x Q} < ~. 2010 Multi-Dimensional Human
Poverty Index x ~OkOzi.
9. Green Index :
{ O KO H ~=~}, H#yOK^y # Ja=$k qQO nxx Ja=$k KO k.

23 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
Z) L`u K# P
a) [ =#~
) =#= =#~ J< D 3 JO O` nxx Q} ~ .
10. EDI ( Economic Development Index)
nxx ~`H KOk# NCAER (National Council of Applied Economic Research) "~ Ja=$k
K~.
Z) q^~ zH a) P~Q=$k zH ) `i P^O J< 3 JO` Q} ~ .
 O K Ja=$k x"kHH# O KO "~ K i~ .
=$k, O} =i OH=O
 ^~}OQ *f^O iy` PiH =$k [iy, PiH OH = O ~Q#.
 J~` P^ O} =#OQ [iy#_, P^O iy` OH = O ~Q#.
 HOk i` P^O iy< OH = O ~QH =K.
Z) ^~ ~Q@= *f^O iy<,
a) qK Z= x QO@ xK~OK@ = *f^O iy<,
iy<,
) *f^O ~Q^ HO>, [< "QO Q
_) J#`^H == L`u ~Q@ = *f^O iy<,
W) *f^O iy#\H, P^ O} =#OQ H ` OH = O ~Q^ .
 OH = x HeKO^ J=~ < HOk zH# L yOK#.
W= (1-G)

W OH = O, `i P^O, G P^ J=#` H=#O


Ja=$k PiH == H}
 SH~[qu Ja=$k ^# Ja=$k KO^`# ^Q =i O k.
 O KO, ^ `i GNI (GNP) P^~OQ, O K ^# J, =^ , JkH P^
^Q =sHi O k. O K Ja=$k x"kH 2010 H~O (WDR)
J P^O Q ^ : $ 975 JO`HO > ` = `i P^O Q ^
=^ P^O Q ^ : $976 #O_ 11,905 =^ P^O Q ^
JkH P^O Q ^ : $11,906 JO`HO > Z= P^O Q ^

24 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
 Ja=$k KO^`# ^# O K =iH"_Q H~< H Ja=iOK#.
Ja=$k ^ H}
1. `= `i P^O LO@Ok. L^ : qx= ~ @ H~O ~`^ `i P^O (2010
WDR H~O) $1070, H#Q H =#` H~O (PPP$). $ 2,930.
2. == ~OQ PkH` H#|_#. L^: 2001 <\H =#^O ==~OQO 58% q
P^~_ K<~. 200910 =~ 15% "\ *f^O == ~OQO #OK =O k.
3. JkH [< LO_#. L^ : 20012011 =^ =#^ ^| [< =$k ~ @ 17.64%, D HO
O=`iH =$k ~ @ 1.64%.
4. JkH x~^y`, K# x~^y` LO_#.
~`^ O x~^y` =O ==~ " # k. n~H eH" # k. Wk =^# O H~` =
U~_Ok.
U^< ~OQO J=~" # q HO> Z= =Ok q x=Q LO>, "ix K #
x~^Q JO^~. gi LO` L`u #O. =#^O == ~OQO H#_ #.
K # x~^Q# x[ ^Q L yOK=Kx ~Q~ #~ ~##.
5. =^#O H~`Q LO_#. ` = P^O, ` = ^, ` = @|_ ^if#.
6. P^ J=#` Z=Q LO_#.
P^ J=#` Q}O K@ ~O* =H~Y "_`~.
P^ J=#`~x yx Q}HO ^~ H~ .
Ja=$k ~O ^ J=#` ~Q`x `~ "` `Q ` x = < *<\ u~Q" #
'U' iH# (Inverted 'U' hypothesis) # ukOK#.
7. J OHuH i*<x, J L`^H`# Hey LO\~.
8. D ^ `= =#"a=$k $kx Hey LO\~.
2010 =#"a=$k x"kH ~` 119= ~OH# Hey LOk.
9. PiH ^O^`O H#|_#. ~` _ D H} O H#_ #.
OHuH ^O^`O Ol=< y<
=lH ^O^`O H
q` ^O^`O qO\
10. JkH ^iHO LO@Ok.
NSSO "i 61= ~O_ JOK< H~O ~` ^iHO URP H~O 28% HQ, MRP
H~O 22%Q #"^O k.
H" `O P^~OQ ^iHx Q} < ~.

25 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
Ja = $k H H~ }
Z) =~\ JO~`
a) ^iH q+= ~Q~ #~ ukOK#.
) JO`~f
Ja = $k ^
 Ja=$k ^ # q+ }
K# "i H~= ~ , ~" =Y.
1. H~=~ Ja=$k ^
Z) Pk= =[O (Primitive communism)
a) x ^ (Slavary)
) = ^ (Feudalism)
_) @|_^s q^#O (Capitalism)
W) ="^O (Socialism)
Z) H=x[O (Communism)
 =~ ^O`O z=i ^ H=x[O
 @|_^s PiH == iQ x~^Q# ''WO_
i[~_ Ps Q eK#.
 =~ 3 =# L yOK#.
qQ q= = S
Z) qH ^_ (qQ q=) ---------- ---
C
S #
K~ =^ O V
V+ C
a) OCC (Organic Composition of Capital) = C = ~
=^# O,
V= K~ =^# O,
S = qQ

) ~ @
 qH ^_ iQ Hn ~
@ ~Q#.
 OCC iQ Hn ~@ `Q # .
 `~ "` HO =~ ^ ^O`x q.S.x< qi OK#.

2.=< *<\ JaO :


 *<\ Ja=$k ^ # ~#^ Hx Ja=$k U ~OQO #O_ U~OQxH =~k ~<#
 PiHa=$k ~OO == PiH ==Q LO_#. OHuHa=$k [iQHn ==~OQO "\
`y kf ~OQO "\ ~Q#. qH H _ ^q H ~OQO #Oz, kf ~OQxH =~#.
z=iH qH H `$f ~OQxH =~#. L`u JkH "\ `$f ~OQO #Oz aOK#.

26 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
3. ~" =$k ^ ^O`O
 "=$k ^ ", ~"` =__ LOk.
 ~" ~zOz# 'The stages of Economic Growth' 1960 K i`" O k.
 nxx A non-communist manifesto J< sub-title ` ~ .
 =~ ^O`xH Wk `=OQ LOk. ~" =$k ^ 5.
Z) O^ =[O (Traditional Society)
a) = # ^ H"e# =O^ i` (The pre-condition for take-off)
) = # ^ (The take-off)
_) iH ^ Q=#O (The Drive to maturity)
W) =H qxQO (The age of high mass consumption)
 = # ^ ~" ^ Ju =Y"# ^.
D ^ *f^O ^ @|_ 10% # ~Q#.
D ^# =O^ K~ # ^O WOQO_.
 ~`^ O 1952 = # ^ H "t Oz 196465 O=`~O = # ^# ^\Ok.
 = # ^ `~ "` Drive to maturity ^ =K#. nxx stage of self sustained growth JO^~. OHuH
i*<x Jx ~OQ qxy~ . D ^# _ =O^Q WOQO_ Ok#k.
 High mass consumption age # "^\Q Ki# ^O J"iH.
*.H.Q` `# 'Affluent Society' J< QO^O 'PiH == = |^ _=O_ H~`
=# Z^~O@Ok Jx ~<#.
=$kH P^~
=$kx x~~ OK JO 2 ~H.
1. PiH H~H 2. Pi H ` ~ H~ H
Z) [ =#~ Z) ~[H JO
a) =^# H# a) O H JO
) =#= =^# O, [< L`^H` L=_ @O|O
_) OHuH Qu kOK< HiH
W) Trade & Aid (=~H = =i O) =`O
Z) =~\ i=}O
 J^#OQ XH x\ == # L`u K @ ZO` =^# O J=~" `e*^ ICOR
(Incremental Capital Output Ratio).
27 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
 ~_, _=~ PiHa=$k #=< =^# OK # ^#`# <H K#.
 q^, P~QO, < }O K @|_ =#= =^# O
 [< ^O`x ^$H^O ` "^\ iQ q=iOz#k =<.
An Essay on the principles of population J< QO^O = nx KiOK#.
 1815 Z_~ " ''Ja+} [< ^O`x "^@Q KiOK#. `~ "` _q H, Z_< H#<,
_< D ^O`x Ja=$k K~.
 ''H$ u XH [# =O\k. nx Px`H [#O a O k =.
 ''> u a_ @`@ 2 H, K` ` _`_ H#<.
 [< i}= ^O`x ^= =i <\< q=iOK#. D ^O`x H =i =~
3 ^ Q#, H~ 5 ^ Q# q=iOzi.
 L`^H ~Q^ ~ @ HO> L`u =K ~Q^ ~ @ Z=Q LO> ^xx L`^H` JO^~.
 'Ja=$k KOk#, Ja=$k KO^`# ^ =^ q^j "~O [iy`, Ja=$k KOk# ^H =~H
x|O^# , q^j "~O J#OQ LO_# J< ^O`x =iOz#k a +, OQ~, q~.
 Dual-gap model : ^ q^ JO`~O J< =## K<s (Chenery) q+ } K#.
Z) ^ JO`~O
a) q^j=~H ^= JO`~O .
~ O\x ^ q^ JO`~O JO^~.
g\x q^j O (Foreign Aid) ^~ `yOK=K.
=$k =
qq^ `= P ^ i` J#Q}OQ L`= "# q^<x Z#H=_" =O.
1. aQ + : nxx ~*<< ~_
~_< ukOK#
Notes on the theory of Big Push in Economic Development of Latin America J< "O
nxx q=iOK#.
Ja=$k ^ P@OH# JkQq Oz =$k =~O xOKO> s @|_ J=~O .
Jq*, P^ ^#` WK#.
L`u Jq* (Indivisibility), _=O_ Jq*, ^ Jq* Jx 3 ~H
Jq* ~<#. g\` @ =#H Jq*# _ qOK#.
MuQOz# ^~H i= L^~} ~_<^.
2. O`e` =$k ^O`O (Balanced Growth)
~*< < ~_<, ~Q~ #~, P~~ ~ nxx =iOzi.
J~` D ^O`x Ja=$k K# k ~Q~ #~.

28 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
Problems of Capital Formation in under Developed countries J< QO^O
KiOK#.
^iH q+=# q=iOz#k ~Q~ #~
^iH q+= L`^H`, P^O =^ O|O^x `#.
PiH == qq^ ~OQ XHi @|_ @@ O`e` =$k.
JO`~f ^~ < "x q=iOz#k~Q~ #~.
~Q~ #~ == ~OQO L# K # x~^Q# x[ ^Q "_ =^# H#
L yOK=Kx ~<#.
J.B. Say =~\ `O P^~OQ ~Q~ #~ `# ^O`x =iOK#.
3. JO`e` =$k ^O`O (Un Balanced Growth)
OQ~, HO_ |~~ , ~=< O`e` =$k ^O`x q=iOz JO`e` =$k ^O`xH
J#OQ JaO =H i zi.
D ^O`x '~=< XH ^u H~O ~OkOK#.
Hx ZOH K# , HH ~OQ "^\ @|_ \, "\x J= $k K, "\ ^~ aOz#
P^ qye# ~OQ qxyOz, JO`e`O #Oz O`e`xH xOK@
JO`e` =$k.
=O^, "#H (Forward and Backward linkages) J# |O^# ~#k ~=<.
~=< H~O J`kH =O^, "#H J#|O^ Q i= Iron and Steel Industry.
W`~ JO:
Z) P_" ` : J~ `=_ (Father of Economics)
Wealth of Nations QO^ H~ (1776)
J^$ O J< =# P_" `^.
Division of Labour, [ `O, K "~ q^<x =iOK#.
a) iH~ :
The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1817) QO^ ~K~ `
@H ^O`O, Stationary State W`x` =__ L<~.
) \ .P~.=< :
The Principles of Political Economy (1820) QO^ ~K~ `.
[< ^O`x K#, H =#OQ q+ _=O_ LO_^x "^@Q K#.
_ ) *.Z<.q :
"`# xk ^O`O K#. (Wage Fund Theory)

29 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
W) O^ PiH "` ^O` H} :
Laissez Fair Policy, Capital Accumulation (=^# OK #O)
@|_H ~} . H}
O K ^~}.
| ` u (Stationary State)
Z ) +O@~ (Schumpeter) :
PiHa=$k #=H# ^#`#, ==x ^#`# <H K#.
"# ~K# : Theory of Economic Development 1911
Business Cycles 1939. Ten Great Economists
Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy 1942
l) *.ZO. H< :
The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money 1936.
~H _=O_, Q}HO, M.E.C., ^"} q~=O O\ =# H<".
K) P~.P~.<< :
Low Level Equilibrium Trap (J~ =` O |#) J< =# << Qi^.
S) ~ a<< :
Economic Backwardness and Economic Growth QO^x ~zOK#.
Critical Minimum effort theory (Hh H$+ @|_) ^O`O a << ^ .
* ) Q<~ q~ :(Theory of Backwash effect)
W`# Backwash and Spread effects # q=iOK#.
"#H|_# ^ Of J=#` H~}O.
|"# H"+ e `O, |#"# q~}
=O.
H ) ~Q~ #~ :
K # x~^Q# ^y L# ^Q qOz, Ja=$k ^ gix =^# OK <xH
L yOK=K#x ~<#.
Z ) _ | .. Z.~< (W.A.Lewis) (Jiq` qH ^O`O)
Economi development with unlimited supply of labour J< QO^x "#
PiH == ...Z) r=<^~ ~OQO, a) @|_^s ~OQO Jx 2 ~OQO\<#.
Z") ~__=~ =$k #=<
g~ PiHa=$k H @|_ ` ^ ##O Wzi.
~_ ~K# Towards A dynamic Economics

30 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
~_ 3 ~H =$k ~ @# q=iOK#. Z) "qH =$k ~ @
a) "~O>_ =$k ~ @
) [ =$k ~ @
^ S
=$k~ @ -----------------
=^# L`u x+u COR

L^ : =^# L`u x+u 4 :1 =$k ~ @ 3%, ^ 12%

=$k ~ @
Z< ) N=u *< ~a<< :
1956 The Accumulation of Capital J< QO^x "#.
O~ L^y`` _# H= =$k kOK@ 'Golden Age' J< =# L yOz#k.
F) ..=<a< :
1955 4 ~OQ #=< Ja=$k K#. Wk 2= OK=~ }oH P^~O.
) . Z< . =H =i . P~ . | #O^ O
1956 Planning for an Expanding Economy "i.
21 S
=<a =xH 3 `=== OQ "=`)G#( = =x Ja=$k K#.
4 ROC
) Theory of Circular Causation Q<~ q~
P~) Theory of International Dualism H.V. qO\ l.q~ (ZO..`_~ nxx Ja=$k K#.)
Z) =^O`~ OHuH i*#O (Intermediate Technology) J< =# +=K~ (Schumachar)
">#.
\ ) @ | _ = :
Z) Capital - Turnover - Criterian : H |H<<
a) O H LO` L`^H` @|_ Z.W.M<, a.z<s
) # @|_ ^O`O Q<+ < a << .
_) H} @|_ ^O`O Z.H.<.

EDI (q^ Ja=$k zH) H ~ "^\ #O LOk.


"`O Lk ==~OQO "\ 199394 61.67% HQ 19992000 <\H 58.54%xH
`yO k. 200405 <\H 52%xH `yO k.

31 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
KEY POINTS
1. P.Q.L.I. x ~OkOz#k _q_ "i (1979)
2. H.D.I ~t =|LH (nx1990 UNDP "~ ~OkOzi)
3. K # x~^y` *< ~a<<
4. OHuH ^O^`O Ol=< y<
5. =lH ^O^`O H
6. q` ^O^`O qO\
7. P~xH HOl+< P H @~ OCC H~=~
8. iqH i[~= H~=~
qQ q= ^O`O H~=~
9. Ja=$k ^ ^O`O ~"
10. >H P ~"
11. #= H# ^#` Wz#k +O@~
12. ^iH q+= ~Q~ #~
13. O`e` =$k ~Q~ #~
14. JO`e` =$k ~=< A.O.
15. =O^, "#H J#|O^ ~=< A.O.
16. aQ + ~*<< ~_<
17. Jq* =i P^ ~*<< ~_<
18. Jiq` qH J~~ ~
19. =~\ ^O`O (Market Law) J.B. Say
20. Hh H$+ `O (Critical Minimum Effort) ~ a <<
21. J~ =` # (Low level Equilibrium Trap) P~.P~.<<
22. _ ZH =i H"+ ZH Q<~ q~
23. "= =$k ~ @, "~O>_ =$k ~ @, [ =$k ~ @ ~_
24. J^$O, K =~\ O`OQO, = q[ # P_O `
25. ~
QO N=u *< ~a<<
26. J L^y` =`O (Under Employment Equilibrium) *.ZO.H#
27. L`u ^` ZOH (Choice of Techniques) Z.H.<

32 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
28. s i= =O =<a
29. "`# = #=< =H =i |#O^O
30. QO^ =$k #=< Z.Z<.JQ~ (1944)
31. Z..l.#=< (~m H~} , " \ H ~ }
, O pH~}
) _II =<<O Q
32. PURA #=< (@} O` ^ Qg} O` U~@ K @) Z..*.J|H O
Ja=$k =M"# QO^
 Adam Smith Wealth of Nations
 \.P~. = The Principles of Political Economy
 +O@~ Ten Great Economists,
The Theory of Development
Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy
Business Cycles
 ~" The Stages of Economic Growth
The process of Economic Growth
 P~.P~.<< A Theory of low level Equilibrium Trap
 K.qO\ Economics of Developing Countries

 ~a<< Economic Backwardness and Economic Growth
 Q<~ q~ Asian Drama
Economic Theory and Under developed Regions challenge
to Affluence
 Ol=< y< Economic Development, Principles, Problems and
Policies
 ~Q~ #~ Problems of Capital Formation in UDC
 HO_ |~~ Economic Development
 Q`" =^~ Planning for Steady Growth
 ~=< The strategy of Economic Development
 @ < Imbalanced Growth
 Z.H.<^ Balanced Growth
 PH =^~ Balanced Vs un Balanced Growth
 _| .Z.~ Principles of Economic Planning
Development Planning
The Theory of Economic Growth
Economic Development with unlimited supply of labour

33 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
 He< H~ The conditions of Economic Progress
 *< ~a<< The accumulation of capital 1956
Essays in the theory of Economic Growth 1963
 Z.H.< Choice of Techniques, Growth Economics
 .Z<.=H Poverty and Planning
 =H |#O^O Planning for an Expanding Economy
 ~_ P~.Z Towards a Dynamic Economics
 Z<.H~ Essays on Economic stability and Growth
 *.ZO.H# The general theory of employment, interest and money Tretise on money
 *.H .Q` Affluent Society
Economic Development in Perspective
 = < *<\ Six lectures on Economic Growth
Modern Economic Growth
 eO\ _| ._| Studies in the structure of American Economy
 ..=<a Talks on Planning
The Approach of operational Research to Planning in India

 H~ =~ Das Capital
 l.ZO."~ Leading issues in Development Economics
 H.H.i~ The Keynesian theory of Economic Development
 W._._=~ Expansion and Employment
 H .Z<.~* Growth Model and Indian Planning
 \._| .+ Transforming Traditional Agriculture
 ZO..`_~ Economic Development in Third World

 URP (Uniform Recall Period) H~O 199394 ~`^


O ^iHO 36% HQ,200405
<\H 27.5% # `yO k. MRP (Mixed Recall Period)H~O 19992000 ^iHO 26%
HQ, 200405 <\H 22%xH `yO k.
 "`O Lk ==~OQO "\ 199394 61.67% HQ 19992000 <\H 58.54% xH
`yO k. 200405 <\H 52%xH `yO k.

34 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
a\OH (One Word Questions)
=$k J~ =
1. L`u =K ~Q^# U=O^~ ?
[. PiH=$k
2. Ja=$k KOk# ^ O|OkOz# =# Uk ?
[. PiH=$k
3. s~H i=}Ox =~# ^x` =K ?
[. PiH=$k
4. L`u ~Q^`@ OHuH, == ~H =~` _# Q}`H =~# U=O^~?
[. PiHa=$k
5. PiH =$k { == ~H" # =~ ^xx `e* #?
[. PiHa=$k
6. =x+ =H` O#, "^ # =K =~# ^x` ~ ?
[. PiHa=$k
7. XH PiH == "qH *f^O, n~H O ~Q^# kOK H PiHa=$k Jx
x~zOz#k?
[. l."~ =i e<
8. O} "x iQ}#xH fH< PiH =#?
[. PiHa=$k
9. Growth without Development J< QO^x "#k?
[. ~|~ H=~
10. Ja=$k KO^`# ^ =iOK =# Uk?
[. PiHa=$k
11. q +` `~ "i J=~x f~< =~ O ^|fO_ ` `~O "~ `= J=~#
f~H=_x U q^O Q x~z~ ?
[. H#yOKQe Q Ja=$k
12. xH_Q Ja=$kH (H#yOKQe Q Ja=$kH) x~K<x Wz#k?
[. |\O_ Hq+< (1987)
13. ~=~} =#~#, #~=$`O Hx [ =#~# O~HO K@.....
[. H#yOKQe Q Ja=$k.

35 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
=$k Ja = $k = #
14. PiHa=$kH =#OQ *f`ux =uOz# PiH" ` ?
[. = < *<\ g_ g#~ OH
15. <==` P^x "q H *f^OQ =~O^ L yOK `O?
<==` *f^O
[. "q H *f^O ----------------------100
` O=`~O ^~ p
16. PiHa=$k =< [< ~Q^ "x qiOz# =#O Uk?
[. "q H *f^O
17. [< ~Q^ "x iQ}#xH fO@ PiHa=$kx =#O K H=#O?
[. "q H `i P^O
18. "q H `i P^x PiHa=$kH =#OQ =uOz# PiH" ` ?
[. ~ << "~
19. PiH= $kH L`= "# H=#OQ Z= =Ok PiH" ` P"kOz# H=#O Uk?
[. "q H `i P^O
20. PiH OH = H=#= (MEW) # ~OkOz#k?
[. #~= *" \a<
21. xH~ PiH OH = x ~OkOz#k (NEW)?
[. =<
22. "q H *f^xH, qOux, Q$} =# He @}
H ~ }
, H+= =O\ JH~
=# f" =K =#O?
[. xH~ PiH OH = p (NEW)
23. xH~ PiH OH = px D q^O Q K=K?
[. NEW = "= *f`u { qOu =={=~\ `~ H~H@}
H ~ }

~=~} HxH J =O
24. 1979= O=`~O uH r=# =} p (PQLI) x ` ~ K# k?
[. "i _q_ "i

36 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
25. uH r=# =} p (PQLI) f# JO?
[. Z) [ P~ = (1 OII #Oz)
a) t =~} ~ @
) JH~`
26. PQLI JO pH `O?
"= q= Hx+ q=
[. JO p -------------------
Qi+ q= Hx+ q=
27. "i xiOz# PQLI J< gH$` p J#=i`= U q^O Q LOk?
[. Z) ` = `i P^O Q ^ PQLI q= ` =Q#, Z= `i P^O Q ^
PQLI q= Z=Q# LOk.

a) J~< Hx ^ `i P^O JkHO Q L#\H PQLI p JOQ LOk. `i


P^O ` = J~#\H PQLI p JkHO Q LOk.
28. gH$` Ja=$k px (Composite Index of Development) Q}O K@ 11 H=<# sHO z#
PiH"`?
[. W.W.Q<
29. =lH Ja=$k SH~[qu i^< O (UNRISD) PiHa=$k =<x ~OkOK@
Zx JO# fOk?
[. 16 (9 =lH zH { 7 PiH zH)
30. HDI (Human Development Index) x U O=`~O ~OkOzi?

[. 1990
31. HDI Z=~ ~Ok< ~?
[. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme)

32. HDI (=#"a=$k p) ~t?


[. =|LH (H<)
33. HDI x ~OkOK@_ f< JO?
[. Z) P~ = ([xOz#\ #Oz)
a) JH~ ` (=[# JH~ ` { L=_ #"^ x+u)
) `i P^O GDP (US$ PPP)

37 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
34. =#"a=$k p q= P^~OQ O K ^# Zx ~HQ =sHi OK=K#.
[. 3 ~HQ =sHi OK=K 1) ` = =#"a=$k ^ (0.5 )
2) =^ ~ =#"a=$k ^ (0.5 #O_ 0.8)
3) JkH =#"a=$k ^ (8.0 #O_ 1.0)
35. 2010 =#"a=$k x"kH H~O HDI ~` ~O ZO`?
[. 119= ~O =^ ~ =#"a=$k =sH~ } ~` LOk. (2009 134= ~O)
36. 2010 =#"a=$k x"kH "^\ , z=i ~O Q ^?
[. "^\ ~O<~ (0.938)
169= ~O lO (0.140)
"`O Q}#xH f# ^ 179.
37. ~` (W~Q, ~Q# L#) K@ L# qq^ ^ HDI ~O
[. K< 89 |OQ^ 129
NOH91 =<~ 132
=b= 107 < 138
H< 125 Px < 155
38. =#^O }oH O O ~OkOz# *f =#"a=$k x"kH ~` HDI q=
[. 0.472 ("^\ #O H ~, z=i #O c~ L#k)
AP 10 = ~O # He 0.416 p` India Q@ HO> ` =Q LOk.
39. ` HOQ P~ O, JH~ `, `i P^O` ~OkOz# p?
[. GDI- 1995 (eOQ O|O^ Ja=$k p)
40. =#= ^iH p (HPI-1) x U ^ H~ ~Ok< ~?
[. Ja=$k KO^`# ^ (1997 #Oz)
41. (HPI-1) ` ~`^ O ~O? (2008 HDR H~O)
[. 87 ("`O 135 ^ fH=_O [iyOk)
42. Green Index # ~OkOz#k Z=~?
[. O K O H ~=~} H#yOK^y # Ja=$k qQ=
43. Green Index x~}O f< JO
[. Z) L`u K# P a) [ =#~ ) =#= =#~
44. PiHa=$k p (Economic Development Index) x Z=~ Ja=$k K~?
[. NCAER (National Council of Applied Economic Research)
45. O K PHe x"kH (Hunger Index) ~`^ O #O?

38 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
[. 96= #O (119 ^# fH=_O [iyOk)
46. O K \`` p x"kH ~` #O?
[. 48= #O (131 ^# f<~)
47. O K Ja=$k x"kH# ~OkOKk Z=~?
[. O KO "~
=$kO}OH=O
48. ^~}OQ *f^O iy` PiH= $k ~Q`Ok. J~` PiH= $kH OH = xH ZO\
O|O^O LO@Ok?
[. =$k iy` OH = O _ ~Q#.
49. ^~ ~Q^ =# *f^O iy# _........
[. PiH OH = O =~# Q}O K_O H+O
50. q# JkH xQO@ xK~OK@O =# *f^O iy#...
[. PiH OH = O iy#@ K =.
51. *f, `i P^ iy#\H iy# P^O Z=Q ^x Ki`....

) G 1( = W
[. PiH OH = O `y =#
52. J=~ < PiH OH = O# HeKO^ zOz# gH~}
O
[. W- OH =
O
- `i P^O
G - J=#`
53. J=~ < H~O OH = O ~QO>....
[. `i P^O iy P^ J=#` `Qe
54. J=~ <H J~ O <* =z# O=`~O ?
[. 1998 (OH = J~ O H$+ K# O^Q#)
Ja=$k PiH == H}
55. ''P ^ [< [ =#~` e#_ ` = =^# O Q ^# Ja=$k ^ JO\~
Jx x~zOz#k?
[. ~Q~ #~

39 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
56. L yOK|_x ^ ` = L yOz# =#= O^ XH" , L HO Hx [ =#~
=~H" He LO__" Ja=$k ^ H} = Jx x~zOz#"~?
[. }oH O O
57. ''Ja=$k ^= XH l~ O\^x , ^xx =iOK@ H+= J~` K_Q< QiOK=K Jx
"MxOz#k Z=~?
[. OQ~
58. O KO O K ^# J, =^ , JkH P^ PiH == x ^x P^~OQ q[ # K O k?
[. `i GNP (GNI)
59. Ja=$k KO^`# ^# O K =iH"_Q Ja=iOz#k?
[. H~<H
60. ` = `i P^O J<k U ^ H} O?
[. Ja=$k ^
(2008 <\ ~` `i P^O $1070sss)
61. ==~OQO PkH `# Hey LO__O U ^ H} =?
[. Ja=$k ^
62. =^# O H~`, JkH [< Xu_, J L`^H` , ` = =#"a=$k U PiH == H#|_#?
[. Ja=$k PiH= =
63. 20012011 =^ ~` ^| [< ~Q^ =$k ~ @ ?
[. 17.64%
64. 20012011 =^ =# ^ [< O=`iH =$k ~ @?
[. 1.64%
65. K # x~^y` J#Q?
[. J=~xH qOz Z= =Ok q XH ~OQO xK _x K # x~^y` JO\~.
66. K # x~^Q LO` L`u?
[. ` =Q ^ #OQ LO@Ok (XHHi |}`HOQ LO_=K)
67. ~`^ O x~^y` =O U ~H" # k?
[. ==~ " # k (Wk n~H O LO@Ok)
68. Ja=$k ^ x~^y` H~}O?
[. =^# O H~`

40 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
69. K # x~^Q# x[^Q L yOK=Kx ~#k?
[. ~Q~ #~
70. P^ J=#`# `e ~ Y?
[. ~O* =H~M
71. P^ J=#` f=`# `ek?
[. yh Q}HO
72. P^ J=` O|OkOz u~Q" # U iH## ( ) ukOz#k?
[. = < *<\
73. 2001 [< H H~O ZO` `O @O ~H` =Ozh~ O J=`#k?
[. 36%
74. PiHa=$k ~OO "^\ P^ J=#` ~Q`x, `~ "` ^ `Q ` x
~#k?
[. = < A<\
75. OHuH ^O^`x ~#k?
[. Ol=< y<
76. =lH ^O^`x ~#k?
[. H
77. q` ^O^`O K #k?
[. qO\
78. =#^O ^iHO Q}# Z=i ~ P^~OQ [~Q`#k?
[. H"
79. NSSO "i 61= Round JOK< H~O WO_ ^iHO `O?
[. URP H~O 28% (uniform recall period)
MRP H~O 22% (mixed recall period)
80. Ja=$kH P@OH Uq?
[. Z) =~\ JO~` , a) ^iH q+=, ) JO`~f
81. O` " ~`^ O ^x JOK<# "#?
[. K # x~^QO (17.4% K # x~^QO Q^x JOK< "#)
82. OHuH ^O^`O J#Q
[. Ja=$k KOk# ~OQ=, O^H ~OQ "~ "~ L`u ^` # J=OaOK@

41 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
83. HDI ~H # P~ O H Hx+ q=?
[. 25 (Qi+ q= 85)
Ja = $k ^
84. H~ =~ Ja=$k ^ ^O`O z=i ^ ?
[. H=x[O
85. iqH i[~= J< =# Z=ik?
[. H~=~
86. Organic Composition of capital J< =## ~OkOz#k?
[. H~=~
87. ^H@ QO^ ~K~ `?
[. H~=~
88. PiHa=$k H QOQ ^q H ~OQO #O_ kf ~OQxH, kf~OQO #O_ `$f
~OQxH J@ L`u#, W@ Lk# =~ = x K #k Z=~?
[. = < A<\
89. "The stages of Economic Growth" 1960 ~zOz#k Z=~?
[. _| ._| . ~"
90. "Non-Communist Manifesto" Jx D ~K# # ~ ?
[. The Stages of Economic Growth
91. ~" ^ "^\ ^ J~# O^H =[O D q^O Q =|_#?
[. WO_ *
92. "Period of Transition" Jx ~" H D ^# ~O\~?
[. = #^ H=# =O^ i`
93. ~" ukOz# ^ ^ #"# k?
[. = #^ (Take-off)
94. *f^O L`^H @|_ 5% #O_ 10%H Q ~Q^ D ^ H#|_#?
[. = #^
95. = #^# "^@Q K~ # ^O ?
[. a\<(17831802)

42 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
96. ~" ~# = #^ x|O^# ~`^ O Oq Oz# O=`~O?
[. 1952
97. U O=`~O ~`^ O = #^# ^\ LO_=Kx ~"` @ =iHO`=Ok PiH" `
q<~?
[. 196465
98. O xH_ L# =$kx kOK ^ (Self sustained growth) Q ~" ^ U ^# ~O\~?
[. iH ` kQ #_K ^ (Drive to maturity)
99. JO`=~ L# ~Qq ~OQ #O H`Q U~_# ~OQ =$k KO^_O D ^ Hx~?
[. iH ` k Q=#O (Drive to maturity)
100. JO`=~ kOz# Qu # Jx ~OQ =iO* ^?
[. iH ` k Q=#O (Drive to maturity )
101. ~" ^ z=i ^?
[. K~ =H qxQ~ (Age of high mass consumption)
102. PiH= = " #Oz _=O_ " , L`u = #Oz qxQ = =~ u U ^
H#|_#?
[. K~ =H qxQ~
103. K~ =H qxQ~x Ki# "^\ ^O ?
[. J"iH (1920), 2=k .H. (1930)
104. Hh J=~ = fi~ =xHQ == qxQO iQ ^?
[. K~ =H qxQ~
105. @|_ ~ \O J~ 10% JkQq OK@, =$kH H=# O $uH i` U~_@, ~Qq
~OQ =$k KO^@ D ^ H#|_# ?
[. Take-off
106. ~__=~ =$k #=< D ^ J#= O P^~OQ ~OkOK|_Ok?
[. Ja=$k KOk# @|_^s ^
107. PiH= $k [iQHn qH H "~OQO "\?
[. ~Q` =O k.
108. PiH= $k [iQHn Lk ==~OQO "\?
[. `Q ` =O k.

43 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
=$k P^~
109. ^ Ja=$kx [ =#~ ^$ ijeOz# PiH" ` ?
[. _| .Z<.~~
110. [=#~ H~` L#\H Ja=$k KOk# ^ L^~}?
[. [<, WOQO_
111. =^# OK #O J#Q
[. =^# == L`u =K ~Q^, L^: O`, =_~ ,q_i H~, H~Q~
=y "^# q.
112. Incremental capital output ratio J#Q ?
[. L`u XH x\ ~QO> =^# OZO` ~Q^ LO_ `e* ^xx LO`
=^# L`u x+u JO^~.nxx ICOR JO^~.
113. ^iH q+= Kk OK@ =^# OK #O J=~O Jx ~#k?
[. ~Q~ #~
114. =^# H# H Zx ^ [~Q#?
[. =_ ^ [~Q#. 1) ^ OK@
2) ^ gHiOK@
3) ^# @|_Q =~@
115. PiHa=$k #=H# ^#`# <H K #k?
[. +O@~
116. = q^ P~Q=, < } K @|_x U=O\~?
[. =#= =^# O
117. "#H|_# ^ Q < }O Q =#=H Ja=$k KOk# ^ Q JkH "`< PHiOK|_
`~e =_x U=O^~?
[. "^=
118. [< ^O`x `eiQ ^$H^O ` K #k?
[. \.P~.= (An essay on the principles of the population)
119. Ja+} [< ^O`= "^\ iQ KiOz#k?
[. Z_~"
120. Ja+} [< ^O`x Ja=$ki z#"~?
[. _q H Z_<H#<, _<

44 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
121. U [< ~ =^ J`kH `i P^O =Q< P [<#..... JO\~.
[. Ja+} [<
122. ''H$ u XH [# =O\k. nx Px`H [#O a O k. J<x` PHe K=`
J=\OKeO^ D "Y Z=ik?
[. =
123. '' q > u a_ @` @, ~ O_ H, K` ` _`_ Jx K Ok Z=~?
[. Z_< H#<
124. [< i}= ^O`x H =i =~ 3 ^ Q ukOzi. J~` "^\ ^ H}
Uq?
[. JkH [##~@, JkH =~}~ @
125. [< i}= ^O`O 2= ^ H} Uq?
[. [#< ~ @x `Q ^ HO> =~} ~ @x `Q ^ Z=Q LO_#. e `OQ [< q@#=
[~Q#.
126. [< i}= ^O`O 3= ^ H} Uq?
[. J [##~@,J =~}~ @ LO_#.
127. L`u H~H ~Q^ ~ @ HO>, L`u =K ~Q^ Z=Q LO> ^xx U=O^~?
[. L`^H`
128. Ja=$k KOk#, KO^`# ^ =^ q^j "~O [iy#_ Ja=$k KOk# ^H "~O
J#OQ LO@O^x ~#k?
[. a+O Q~, Q<~ q~
129. Two-gap model Q JO`~ Uq?
[. Z) ^ JO`~O
a) q^j =~H ^= JO`~=
130. PiH =$kx x~~ OK H~H Uq?
[. Z) PiH H~H, a) PiH `~ H~H
131. PiHa=$kx x~~ OK PiH H~H Uq?
[. [=#~ ==# OHuH Qu =^# H# q^j "~O
132. PiHa=$kx x~~ OK PiH `~ H~H Uq?
[. ~[H i` O H i` L=_ @O| == == =_# =H =`O
"^# q.

45 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
133. =^# L`u x+u `Q @
J#Q
[. XH xs` x\ = L`uH ` = =^# O J=~O JQ@
134. =$k ~ @# U q^O Q x~zOK=K?

[.
135. Invisible Capital J#Q?
[. =#= P~QO, < }O K @|_
=$k =
136. aQ + ^O`x ukOz#k?
[. ~*<< ~_<
137. Jq* P^ ^#` Wz#k?
[. ~*<< ~_<
138. ~_< H~O Jq* Zx ~H?
[. Z) L`u O Jq*
a) _=O_ Jq*
Q - tQ
01 1- t
) ^ ~ ~ Jq0* = tG
1- t Q

139. O`e` =$k ^O`x =iOz#"~?


[. ~*< < ~_< P~~ ~ ~Q~ #~
140. O`e` =$k ^O`x Ja=$k K# k Z=~?
[. ~Q~ #~ [J.B.Say Market Law P^~OQ fHx ukOK#.]
141. ^iH q+=# ukOz#k?
[. ~Q~ #~
142. Hx K~ =i fH~ K~ =# XH =H~O XH ^x ^iHO LOK_x
U=O\~?
[. ^iH q+=
143. ~Q~ #~ H~O iq` =~\ PiH == U~__xH H~}O?
[. ^iH q+=
144. PiH == qq^ ~OQ UH H=O^ @|_\ "\x Ja=$k~ K e Jx `e ^O`O?
[. O`e` =$k ^O`O (Wk ~Q~ #~ ` =__ LOk).

46 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
145. JO`~` ^~ < =O J#Q
[. ^"~, =^ `~Q u qxQ f~#, =^ `~Q u "~ ^x qxQ f~# J#iOK@.
146. JO`~` ^~ < =O Z=i ~` =__ LOk?
[. _< s
147. JO`~f ^~ < =O JO>?
[. q^ qxQ J"@#, ^ ^x ^# =O` J#iOK@
148. JO`~f ^~ < =O Z=i ~` =__ LOk?
[. ~Q~ #~
149. ^iH q+=x Kk OK@ "#H|_# ^ =^# OK #O J`=~O Jx K Ok
Z=~?
[. ~Q~ #~
150. K # x~^Q# x[^Q "_ =^# H# L yOK=Kx ~#k?
[. ~Q~ #~
151. O`e` =$k ^O`x q=iOz#k?
[. OQ~, ~=<, i~, HO_|~~ , @
<
152. Hx ZOH K# ~OQ "^@ @|_\ H" } PiHa=$k kOK =x U=O^~?
[. JO`e` =$k =O
153. JO`e` =$k =O J# =## K~OH f=z#k?
[. ~=<
154. =O^"#H J#|O^ (Forward & Backward linkages)# q=iOz#k?
[. ~=<
155. ~=< H~O =O^"#H J#|O^ Z=Q L# i=?
[. W#=L H~Q~O
156. ~=< H~O "^\ Q U i=# O Ke?
[. `k i=# "^@ <He (Last Industries first)
157. JO`e` =$k ^O`x "^\ iQ J#iOz, HO JkH =$kx kOz# ^O ?
[. ~
158. =#^O U OK=~ }oH JO`e` =$k ^O`x J#~Ozi?
[. ~ O_ OK=~ }oH

47 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
159. Hh, Hx+ `= (Critical Minimum effort theory) x ukOz#k Z=~?
[. ~|<<
160. Economic Backwardness & Economic Growth QO^H ~ ?
[. ~ | <"
161. J~ =` ## q=iOz#k?
[. P~.P~.<<
162. Development with unlimited supply of labour J# QO^x "Ok Z=~?
[. ~
163. ~ Jiq` qH ^O`O Q PiH == Q ~OQ Zx?
[. 2... Jq 1) r=<^~ ~OQO, 2) P^ xH @|_^s ~OQO
164. JO`~f J=#`, Ja=$k ^ Of J=#` U~__xH H~}=?
[. Z) |"# H"+ ==
a) |#"# q~ } ==
165. H"+ == J#Q
[. XH Ja=$k KOk# O`= `# PiH H~H ^~ =iH Ja=$k KO^x O`x
`OQ Ja=$kH QiK @
166. ''"~O>_ =$k ~ @ J< =# Z=ik?
[. ~_
167. ~__=~ #=< U OK=~ }oH P^~O J~Ok?
[. 1= }oH
168. ~__=~ #=< ^ # #O nxH W=|_Ok?
[. @|_H
169. ~__=~ #=< H~O =$k ~ @# O^O>
[. ^ ^ @|_
=$k ~ @
=^# L`u x+u
170. ~
QO J< =# Z=ik?
[. N=u *< ~a<<
171. ..=<a 4 ~OQ #=< U OK=~ }oH P^~" O k?
[. ~ O_= OK=~ }oH

48 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
172. H} @|_ ^O`x =iOz#k?
[. Z.H.<
173. Choice of Technic J< QO^x "#k?
[. Z.H.<
174. Asian Drama QO^H ~ ?
[. Q<~ q~
175. =^ O`~ OHuH i*#=# zOz#k?
[. +=K~
176. "`# = =x ~OkOz#k?
[. =H =i |#O^
177. ''J^$ =, = q[ # J< =# gi` =__ =<~?
[. P_"`
178. ''qQ q=, ''=~ O ~}, Ki``H uH ^O`= giH O|OkOz# =#?
[. H~ =~
179. "Theory of Economic Development QO^ ~K~ `?
[. +O@~
180. The Accumulation of Capital QO^H ~ Z=~?
[. N=u *<~a<<
181. = < =$k #=< D ^xH KOk#k?
[. ~
182. Shadow Prices x x~zOz#k?
[. Tin Burger
183. Perspective Plan ^xx `e* #?
[. n~^ i }oH#
184. 4= }oH #=<# ~OkOz#k?
[. JH~ ^ =i Z.Z.=<
185. Indian Economic Planning in its Broader setting J# QO^H ~ ?
[. q~
186. Theory of circular causation QO^H ~ Z=~?
[. q~

49 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
Q` ZZ, Z `x
= ^ <
1. ~O* ~ Y (Lorenz Curve) HeKk (Dy.E.O.-2008) (1)
1) P^ O} 2) ^i^O 3) x~^y` 4) P~ O}
2. ~_ _=~ #=< ~ ^~}OQ D HOk "\ ^x P^~_ `Ok? (Dy.E.O.-2008)(1)
1) =^# q= ^O`O 2) ^~ q= ^O`O 3) qxQ ^O`O 4) L`u ^O`O
3. _=~ `O H~O,=^# L`u x+u 3:1 LO_ "iH =$k ~ @ 4% J~#K, H=#
^ ~ @ ZO`? (Dy.E.O.-2008) (3)
1) 10% 2) 11% 3) 12% 4) 14%
4. ~`^ O ^q H ~OQO JO> Uk?(Dy.E.O.-2008) (3)
1) iqH ~OQO 2) = ~OQO 3) == ~OQO 4) uH ~OQO
5. 'K # x~^y` J#Q (Dy.E.O.-2008) (2)
1) L^QO x =H 2) XH xH H=# "iH# Z= =Ok x K @
3) x~^y` 4) 60 O=`~ =i P L# "i x~^y`
6. ^ JkH, =^ =i ` = P^ PiH == =sH~ } ^x P^~OQ K~ ? (Dy.E.O.-2008)
1) [< 2) l.Z<. 3) q~ O 4) `i l.Z<.. (4)
7. P^ J=#` qgHiOK U iH# Z=iH O|OkOz#k? (Dy.E.O.-2008) (2)
1) qe"< 2) =< *<\ 3) K.K#s 4) Z.H.<
8. ~=< H~O q+ J#|O^ Oq OKk ^xH? (Dy.E.O.-2008) (2)
1) ^#O == H~Q~O 2) W#= =i L 3) = i=O 4) Q# `=HO
9. ` = ~ =`` O|O^O Z=i` H^? (Dy.E.O.-2008) (2)
1) K.qO\ 2) P~.P~.<< 3) P~.#~ 4) ~
10. K =~\ "Hx[O " xH `z# "~=~? (Dy.E.O.-2008) (4)
1) Z..Q 2) _.=~ 3) "~ 4) P_" `
11. = # ^ =O^ +~` , XH =$k ^Q `e#"~ (Dy.E.O.-2008) (3)
1) ~ 2) =< 3) ~" 4) <"
12. J~ `=_ (Dy.E.O.-2008) (2)
1) H~=~ 2) P_" ` 3) iH~ 4) *< =~
13. '~QO (Golden Age) =# ukOz#"~ (Dy.E.O.-2008) (4)
1) +O@~ 2) H~=~ 3) e ~a< 4) *< ~a<<
14. 'J^$ O J< ^O`x |Oiz#"~ Z=~? (Dy.E.O.-2008) (4)
1) ~_ 2) _=~ 3) *< ~a<< 4) P_" `

50 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
15. ^iH q+=O J#Q (Dy.E.O.-2008) (1)
1) ` = L`^H` =i ` = P^O 2) Z= L`^H` =i ` = P^O
3) Z= ^ =i Z= @|_ 4) ` = ^ =i Z= @|_
16. PiH Ja=$k J#Q (Q 22005) (4)
1) XH ^O x[ *f^O ~ O Q LO__O
2) *f^O XH O=`~ HO Oq Oz# ^= ~Q^
3) == ~OQO =$kx JkQq Oz# iqH~O QO =$k
4) PiH == x~}`H =~` Oq Oz# n~H eH PiH =$k
17. g\ Uk J~ Ja=$k KOk# ^ H} O H^ (Q 22005) (3)
1) JkH [< =$k~@ 2) JkH x~^y` ~ @ 3) JkH ^ =$u 4)JkH x~H~ ` ~ @
18. = < *\ H~O PiH =$k `e ^ (Q 22005) (2)
1) H P^ J=#`O `Q ` Ok 2) H P^ J=#`O ~Q`Ok
3) P^ J=#`O `Q ` Ok 4) P^ O} U PH~O LO@Ok
19. x^< (H#yOKQe Q ) Ja=$k nxH =i O k (Q 22005) (1)
1) ` `~O "i J=~# q +` `~"i J=~# _K O_ f~_O
2) q +` `~"i J=~# ` `~O "i J=~# H @ O_ f~_O
3) ` `~O "i J=~# H \ q +` `~ J=~# f~_O
4) ` `~O "i J=~# q +` `~"i J=~# H \ <~" ~ _O
20. HOk"\ Uk PiH `~ H~HO H^? (Q 22005) (3)
1) =#= =#~ 2) O H ^$H^ 3) =^# OK #O 4)~[H OK #O
21. i__=~ #=< =` =$k ^x P^~_ `Ok?(Q 22005) (1)
1) ^ ~ @ =i L`u=^# ~ @ 2) ^~ @ =i [< =$k~ @
3) @|_ ~ @ =i ^=O 4) =_ ~ @ =i ^= ^~
22. K # x~^y` PiH =$kH xH ^Q L yOK|_`O^x <H K # J~ "`
(Q 22005) (1)
1) ~Q~ #~ 2) P~~ ~ 3) P|~ ~=< 4)~*< ~ < ~_<
23. |#"# q~} "# |"# u~Qq H # " =_z" PiH ==# J~
Ja=$kH QiK O ^x q=iOz# J~ "` (Q 22005) (2)
1) g~ Jg< 2) l.q~ 3) Z.l.OH 4)Z".\_~
24. J Ja=$k kOz# ^ ` xi Hh @|_ XH ^ "`O LO_x ukOz#
Ja=$k J~ "` (Q 22005) (1)
1) K.< ~< 2) P~.<< 3) P~.~_< 4)P~.#~
25. P^ xH ~OQ= =i O^ ~OQO He LO_@# W JO\~ (Q 22005) (3)
1) PiH `O`` 2) " @ ~OQO =Y` 3) PiH ^O^`= 4) = x
51 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
26. L`u ^` ZOH J#Q g\ =^ ZOH (Q 22000) (1)
1) = O^` =i =^# O^`
2) O^ OHuH i*#O =i P^ xH OHuH i*#O
3) ^` ~ i= =i \~ i= 4) ` ~OQO =i " \ ~OQO
27. | ` u ^O`=# ukOz#"~ (Q 22000) (1)
1) O^ PiH "` 2) #= O^ PiH "`
3) #`# O^ PiH "` 4) P^ xH PiH "`
28. ^i^ q+= =### QiOz K #"~ (Q 22000) (4)
1) Ol=< y< 2) Q<~ q~ 3) _| .Z.q 4) ~Q~ #~
29. ` = Ja=$k KOk# ^ PiH= $kH =Y x~^H = (Q 22000) (2)
1) x~H~` 2) =^#H~`
3) ` =~ OHuH i*#O 4) ` = ~H" # =#= =#~
30. ~=< H~O `= Ja=$k KOk# ^ PiH=$k `i`Qu# [~QO> i#k(Q22000)
1) ~ ` O` _# =$k 2) JO`e` =$k 3) O`e` =$k 4) " \ UnH^ (2)
31. DHOk H#|~z# "\ Uk OH == =^#=# O|OkOz#k H^?(Q22000)
1) P~Q H~ 2) q^ H~ 3) O` =y 4) ~"} H~ (3)
32. =^# O L`u x+u J#Q (Q 22000) (2)
1) qxQ^~x == ` ~K @ i_ =^# O x@
2) XH x\ L`ux ` ~K @ i_ =^# O
3) =^# O Px <H@ `y# =^# O "`O 4) " g H=
33. PiH Ja=$k JO> (Non-Gazetted 2005) (2)
1) XH O=`~O #O_ =~H O=`~xH *f^O ~Q^
2) x[ ^ "q H `i P^O n~H O [iQ ~Q^
3) n~H O [iQ x[ @|_ ~Q^
4) [< ~Q^ J#`OQ *f^O ~Q^
34. ~" iH ` k" =oO ^ (Non-Gazetted 2005) (4)
1) Ja=$k H ` "^=`Ok 2) Ja=$k H # i K O k
3) = # ^ =O^ =O k 4) = # ^ `~ "` =O k
35. ^iH q+= Q "^# D O|O^O # P^~_ L<~ (Non-Gazetted 2005) (3)
1) P^O =i [< 2) @|_ =i OHuH *#O
3) L`^H` =i P^O 4) qxQO =i L`u
52 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
36. [< ~Q^ *f^O ~Q^ =^ Q O|O^O PiH == J~ =``
^i fO ^x q=iOz# =H (Non - Gazetted, 2005) (4)
1) K. OQ~ 2) P~.~_< 3) K. < ~ < 4) P~.<<
37. HOk Uk Ja=$kx x~~ OK PiH `~ H~HO H^ ? (Non - Gazetted, 2005) (3)
1) =#= ^< 2) =lH ^$H^ 3) =^# OK #O 4) ~rH ~ ` O
38. D HOk "\ U JOO =#= Ja=$k zH iQ}O K|_^ ? (Non - Gazetted, 2005) ( 3 )
1) r=# JOK<HO 2) r=# =}O 3) ~+ =#`O 4) q^~#
39. [< i}=O D HOk ^xH =i O k ? (Non - Gazetted, 2005) (3)
1) Qg} O` #Oz @} O` [< =
2) [< H ~+ x+u =~
3) JkH [## =~} ~ @ #Oz ` = [## =~} ~ @ H^e H
4) JkH [#< =i ` = =~} ~ @ #Oz ` = [#< =i ` = =~} ~ @ H^e H
40. O`e` =$k =x ukOK_O D L^ O LOk (Non - Gazetted, 2005) (4)
1) PiH == x qq^ ~OQ =^ ~ ~ O|O^O LO__O
2) |~` P^# JO`~` O Q =KH=_xH Q P=H`
3) UHH =~@ J=~O 4) = x
41. Ja=$k }oH ~K# O|OkOz# ~ O_ H~` (Mm) ^O`O nxH =i O k. (Non-Gazetted, 2005) (4)
1) ^"} H~` =i @|_ Mm 2) ^ JO`~O =i u ^"} JO`~O
3) q^ ^= =~HO Q =i ^=@ q^#O
4) ^ H~` =i q^ ^= qx= H~` ^ J=~^O
42. D HOk "\ Uk HO` =~H < =#= =^# O @|_Q iQ}O K|_`Ok?(Non-Gazetted, 2005)
1) OK# |^" # q^ 2) xK tH} O^_O (4)
3) "~Q # P~Q H~ O 4) = h
43. == ~OQO K # x~^y` Q H~}O (Non - Gazetted, 2005) (1)
1) q [< Xu_ 2) |`=< ==O P^~_ _ O
3) [qO^s ~=_O 4) ==~OQO HiH O H =_O
44. yh Q}HO HeKk (APPSC, 2001) (1)
1) P^ J=#` 2) Of J=#`
O H J=#` 4) OHuH J=#`
45. =^ qH OHuH q*#O J< =## " \#"_ (APPSC, 2001) (4)
1) Z.H.< 2) O@~ 3) *.*.H 4) =H~
46. ~ ~ ^$ ''aQ + (^ `_) ^O`O D HOk P^~OQ "kOK|_k (APPSC, 2001) ( 3 )
1) [< JkH= $k 2) JkH @|_ ~ @
3) Jq[` =i |~` 4) =~\ q $` ik.

53 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
47. ''XH ^O ^iHOQ LO__xH ^x ^iH" H~}O Jx KC @ Q "~= D HOk ^xH
=i O k (APPSC, 2001) (2)
1) ^ Z`# x~^y` 2) ^iH q+==
3) ` = @|_ ~ @ 4) ` = y~H ~
48. U.N.D.P. ^~ 1990 #O_ "_H L# PiHa=$kH H=#O (APPSC, 2001) (3)
1) =eH J=~ zH 2) uH <}` r=# zH (..Z.S.)
3) =#= Ja=$k zH 4) P^ zH
49. H==$k J#Q (APPSC, 2001) (2)
1) Jx ~OQ XH O=`~O XH ~ @ kOK@
2) Jx ~OQ K O=`~= =~ XH ~ @ kOK@
3) HO == =$k~ @ JkHO Q LO__O
4) n~H O iqH =$k~ @ JkHO Q LO__O
50. PiHa=$k =# J#Q (APPSC, 2001) (3)
1) PiH =$k` e Oz`" # =# 2) PiH =$k` =#O
3) PiH= $k` e q $`" # =# 4) PiHa=$k` U q^O Q# O|O^O xk
51. PiHa=$k J#Q PiHa=$k =i (APPSC, 2001) (4)
1) ^~ ~ ` = 2) ^"|O 3) u ^"}O 4) =lH =~
52. Z= =^ , ` = P^ ^Q nx ukH g^ ql OK|_~ (APPSC, 2003) (4)
1) [< 2) l.Z<.. 3) " = 4) `i l.Z<..
53. D HOk "x PiHa=$kH Uk J=~^O ? (APPSC, 2003) (4)
1) ` = =^# H#~@ 2) ^i^ q+=O
3) O H, O $u J=~^ 4) = h
54. XH ^ PiHa=$k nx P^~_ `Ok (APPSC, 2003) (4)
1) =[ =#~ 2) =^# H# 3) =~\ i=}= 4) = x
55. Ja=$kH #`# H=#= (APPSC, 2003) (4)
1) `i P^O 2) OHuH i*#O 3) ZQ=` 4) =#"a=$k zH
56. P^ J=#` Qi, u~Q| _# "U" PH~ ^O`x ukOz#"~ (APPSC, 2003) ( 1 )
1) = < *\ 2) Z.H.< 3) K#s 4) Q = u
57. ~=< ##iOz D HOk i= Z= q+ O|O^= LO@Ok. (Z= J#|O^)
(APPSC, 2003) (1)
1) W#= =i L i= 2) *o i=
3) Q# i= 4) " \ UnH^
58. PiH =$k, ~ Q =## ukOz#"~ (APPSC, 2003) (3)
1) ~_ 2) _=~ 3) *<~a<< 4) J_" `

54 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
59. =$k ^ ^O`x ukOz#"~ (APPSC, 2003) (4)
1) ~_ 2) _=~ 3) *<~a#< 4) _| . _| . ~"
60. ''O`e` =$k J#Q (APPSC, 2003) (1)
1) XH ~ @ Jx i= =$k KO^@ 2) =~ =$k
3) =#HiOQ ~OQO @|_ 4) ==O @|_
61. ~=< "kOz# ="k ? (APPSC, 2003) (2)
1) O`e` =$k 2) JO`e` =$k
3) ZQ=u `H == 4) kQ=u `= ==
62. q^ @|_x D q^O Q iQ} ~ . (APPSC, 2003) (2)
1) uH =^# = 2) =#= =^# = 3) =[ =^# = 4) " g H=
63. qQ q= ^O`=# ukOz#"~ (APPSC, 2003) (2)
1) =~ 2) H~= ~ 3) Z..Q 4) =<
64. yh Q}H= Z= L# _ (APPSC, 2003) (2)
1) J=#` ` = 2) J=#` Z= 3) O~ =#` 4) " g H=
65. ~O* =H~ Y nxx HO k (APPSC, 2003) (1)
1) P^ O} 2) ^iH= 3) x~^y` 4) P~ O}
66. =#"a=$k zH D HOk P^~OQ xi~ (J.L., 2003) (2)
1) JH~ ` ~ @, t=~} ~ @ =i r=#H O= h` ~ @
2) JH~ ` ~ @, r=#H O= h` ~ @ =i P^O
3) JH~ ` ~ @ =i K^ =< ~A Q@ , [##=_ r=#H O= h` ~ @ =i
i`
4) O= h r=#H ~ @ t=~} ~ @ =i +}
67. P~~ ~ H~O, ^O^ PiH == g\ LxHx `e* O k. (J.L., 2006) (2)
1) ==O, i=
2) "#H|_ Ju ^ == ~OQO =i P^ xH ~OQO
3) P^ xH OHuH ^` =i O^ OHuH ^`
4) q =i @|_^~
68. O=` =$k~@ J<_ =## " \#"~ (J.L., 2006) (3)
1) N=u *< ~a<< 2) _| ._| .~" 3) P~.Z. ~_ 4) a.y<
69. 5% @|_~ @ #Oz 10% ^ JO`HO > Z= ^ @|_ D ^ LO\~. (J.L., 2006)
(3)
1) O^ =[O 2) = # ^ ~O 3) = #^ 4) iH `" #_
70. @|_ H Hh H$+ ^O`x ukOz# J~ G"` (J.L., 2006) (4)
1) Q<~ q~ 2) ~*< ~ < ~_< 3) P~.P~.<< 4) ~ < <

55 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
71. << H~O J~ =`O = "#H|_ ^ D H~}OQ U~_`Ok. (J.L., 2006) ( 1 )
1) [< JkH =$k~@ 2) *f^O ` = =$k ~ @
3) `i P^ ` = =$k~ @ 4) ` = [< ~ @
72. n~H O O~^y` Q H==$k ~=_xH ~_ D +~` # ~<~. (J.L., 2006) ( 3 )
1) Ga = Gw 2) Gw = Gn 3) Ga = Gw = Gn 4) Ga = Gn
73. D HOk "\ Uk ` ? (J.L., 2006) (1)
1) Hh H$+ ^O`x P~~ ~ ukOK~
2) JO`e` =$k ^O`x K.OQ~ |iK_
3) ^iH q+ =# #~ q+ O K_
4) H O^O Li`O "q ^ ^O`x P~.a+ ukOK_
74. K # x~^y`# xH ^Q L yOKHx ^ Ja=$k KO^=K Jx K # J~ G"`
(J.L., 2006) (1)
1) P~. #~ 2) . ~< 3) W. _=~ 4) _| ._| .~"
75. LO` =^# L`u x+u JO> H=# (J.L., 2006) (1)
1) XH J^# x\ L`u OK_xH H=# =^# ~Q^
2) "`O =^< xH, "`O L`uH =^ Q x+u
3) =^# q= L`u q= 4) "`O =^# O "`O L`u
76. = q[ # "x ukOz#k Z=~ ? (J.L., 2006) (4)
1) *.Z.q 2) iH~ 3) ~ 4) `
77. =$k ^ HOk Z=iH O|OkOz#k ? (J.L., 2007) (2)
1) H~= ~ 2) ~" 3) O@~ 4) Q<~q~
78. PiH == ~Qu LOk Jx K _xH, `$f~OQ "\ *f^O (J.L., 2007) (2)
1) `Q_ O 2) ~Q_ O
3) ~ O Q LO__O 4) "^@ iy `~` `Q_ O
79. " #~ H~O ^iH q+ = D H~}OQ xK~ (J.L., 2004) (4)
1) ^O H "#H|_ `#O 2) @|_ H~`
3) OHuH < } H~` 4) ^ H~`
80. q~ H~O "#H|_ ^ ` = Ja=$k K@ K H=_xH H~}O ? (J.L., 2004) (2)
1) JkH q~} ", ` = H"+ "
2) ` = q~} ", JkH H"+ "
3) q~} ", H"+ " ~ O_ ` =
4) q~} ", H"+ " ~ O_ Z=
81. Hh H$+ @|_ ^O`O nx <H K `Ok (J.L., 2004) (3)
1) ~# L`u ^` # L`u "__O 2) @|_ q^#O
3) ^ "`O @|_ P=H` 4) ` = [< =$k~@

56 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
82. uH <}` r=# zH (PQLI) =_ JO P^~OQ xiOz# XH zH (J.L., 2004) ( 2 )
1) [# #Oz O= h rq`HO, t =~} ~ @ =i P^O
2) [# #Oz O= h rq`HO, t =~} ~ @ =i JH~ ` ~ @
3) [# #Oz O= h rq`HO, t =~} ~ @ =i +}
4) [# #Oz O= h rq`HO, +} =i JH~ ` ~ @
83. ~_ H~O O~ L^y`` _# n~H =`` PiH == D iu =O k
(J.L., 2004) ( 2 )
1) Ga = Gw 2) Ga = Gn = Gw 3) Gn = Gw 4) Ga = Gn
84. ''P< _= QO^H~ (J.L., 2004) (1)
1) Q<~q~ 2) P_O` 3) Z.H.< 4) Z.~
85. '' D* |\ QO^H~ (J.L., 2003) (2)
1) Q` 2) =K~ 3) *+ Q \ 4) =O^<t=
86. ''OHuH ^O^`= J< =## L yOz#k (J.L., 2003) (1)
1) Olq< y< 2) *.K.H 3) Z.~ 4) P~.~_<
87. I.C.O.R. - q~ } (J.L., 2001) (4)
1) iqH =^# L`u x+u 2) JO`~f =^# L`u x+u
3) @|_ =^# L`u x+u 4) J^# (LO`) =^# L`u x+u
88. =~ Ja=$k ^ ^O`O z=i ^ (J.L., 2001) (3)
1) @|_^s q^#O 2) =["^O 3) H=x[O 4) +e[O
89. ''JO`e` =$k ^O`x ukOz#k (J.L., 2001) (2)
1) #~ 2) ~=< 3) "c<< 4) ~*< < ~_<
90. ~ ukOz# Ji`q` qH ^O`O nx P^~_ O k (J.L., 2001) (4)
1) O`e` =$k ^O`O
2) Hh H$+ @|_ ^O`O
3) ''s ` ^O`O
4) JkH [< Hey# ^ LO` L`^H` < LO@Ok
91. ''~" =$k ^ ^O`O iH ` Q=#= J< ^ (J.L., 2001) (2)
1) = # ^ =OL^ =K# 2) = # ^ `~` =K#
3) Ja=$k H ~O= Q# 4) Ja=$k H i JQ#
92. =<a #=< `=OQ ''"`# == #=<# ~zOz# "~ (Gazz, 2006) ( 1 )
1) =H |#O^ 2) Z. KH=i 3) [Qn Q = u 4) _.P~.Q_

57 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
93. =~ Ja=$k ^ ^O`O ~# H=O Uk ? (Civils, 2007) (2)
1) x ^ 2) Pk= H=x[O
3) +e[O 4) H=x[O
5) _e[O 6) @|_^s q^#O
HOk "Code" # yOz i # =^#= H#Q#O_.
1) 123456 2) 215634
3) 125634 4) 215643
94. *<\ ukOz# ''u~Q" # U" ^O`= (inverted U-hypothesis) D HOk JOxH O|OkOz#k
(Civils, 2007) (3)
1) qxQ J=#` 2) O^ J=#`
3) P^ J=#` 4) # J=#`
95. ''J#|O^ ^O`= U ~H" # Ja=$k #=< i=# (Civils, 2007) (2)
1) O`e` =$k #=< 2) JO`e` =$k #=<
3) [< =$k #=< 4) XH ~OQ =$k #=<
96. ~OO P^ J=#` ~ iy `~` ^ J=#` `Q # Jx ukOz# PiH" `
(Civils, 1995) (2)
1) ~_ 2) = < *<\ 3) H 4) +
97. kQ=## ~K~ `# =## [`K O_ (Civils, 2000) (Z)
e 1 e 2
Z) _=~ 1) ~
QO (Golden age)
a) ~*<< ~_< 2) aQ +
) Rostow (~") 3) Ja=$k ^
_) *< ~a<< 4) J=~" # =$k ~ @ (Required rate of growth)
Codes :
a) A B C D b) A B C D c) A B C D d) A B C D
4 2 3 1 2 4 3 1 2 4 1 3 4 2 1 3
98. K # x~^y` O|OkOz HOk "x i J~#k (Civils, 1995) (2)
Z) Wk xH ^# `eK #
a) = LO` L`^H` < ^ K ` =
) Wk L=_ @O| q^#O = H#|_#
_) Qg} O` Z=Q H#|_#
1) a, 2) Z, a, , _ 3) , _ 4) Z, a,

58 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
99. [`K O_. (Civils, 1996) (Z)
e 1 e 2
Z) ~[< < ~_< 1) Hh H$+ ^O`O
a) < < 2) aQ + ^O`O
) #~ 3) Take off (=#^)
_) _| . _| . ~" 4) ^iH q+=
Codes : a) A B C D b) A B C D c) A B C D d) A B C D
2 1 4 3 3 4 2 1 3 1 4 2 2 4 1 3
100. ''PiHa=$k J#Q (Civils, 1997) (2)
1) x~O`~ H 2) HeH H 3) n~H eH H
"Y i J~#k
1) 2 =`" 2) 1 =i 3 3) 3 =`" 4) 1 =i 2
101. "Economic development with unlimited supply of labour" J< QO^x ~zOzOk. (Civils, 1998) ( 3 )
1) ~=< 2) ~" 3) ~ 4) z<i
102. a << H Hh H$+ ^O`O [< J< H~H= D q^O Q xK # (Civils, 1995) ( 2 )
1) P^x $+O K# 2) P^x J}K" # (income depressing)
3) @|_ `O 4) =~\ q $u
103. +O@~ Ja=$k ^O`O nxH ^#` W=|_# (Civils, 1999) (4)
VC+C
1) O`e` =$k P=H` 2) J=# H~ Ja=$k
V +V C
V
3) "<[~ ` 4) #=H# `
104. HOk "x iQ [`K |_#k (Civils, 1999) (2)
1) Z._| . ~ aQ + ^O`O 2) Z.F. ~=< JO`e` =$k =O
3) ~*x< ~_< PiH =$k ^ 4) _| ._| .~" Jiq` qH
105. =~ H O.C.C. (Organic Composition of Capital) ''P~xH HOl+< P H@ g\ x+ux
`#. (Civils, 2002) (3)
C
1) 2) 3) 4)
V +S
106. HOk JO# [`K =. (Civils, 2002) ( a)
Z) Hh H$+ ^O`O 1) ~_<
a) Jiq` qH ~ 2) ~__=~
) O`e` =$k 3) ~
_) "~O>_ Q` ~\ 4) <<
a) A B C D b) A B C D c) A B C D d) A B C D
1 2 4 3 4 3 1 2 1 3 4 2 4 2 1 3

59 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
107. PiHa=$k H nxx `# (Civils, 2003) (4)
1) n~H O *f^O =$k 2) `i P^O r=# =} =$k
3) "`O [< O~ L^y`
4) *f P^=$k`@ PiH == == ~H =~
108. ~< 5 ^ =^ =`O KOK#. Jq =~Q (Civils, 2004) (4)
Z) = # ^ =O^# ^
a) iH ` Q=#O
) =H qxQ ^
_) O^H =[O
W) = #^
1) Z, a, , _, W 2) a, Z, , _, W 3) _, Z, a, , W 4) _, Z, W, a,
109. HOk "xx [`K O_. ( _ )
e 1 e 2
Z) | ` u (stationary State) 1) _| . Z. ~
a) Jiq` qH ~ 2) l.q~
) Knife - edge equilibrium 3) ~_ _=~
_) Theory of cumulative causation 4) Z. `
a) A B C D b) A B C D c) A B C D d) A B C D
2 1 3 4 4 3 1 2 2 3 1 4 4 1 3 2
110. #~ H ^iH q+= g\ =^ JO`O|O^O LO@O^x `#. (1)
1) L`^H` =i P^O 2) P^O =i [<
3) ^"}= =i JkH qxQ= 4) qQ = =i `# x~^y`

P^ xH PiH =$k :
 Modern Economic Growth QO^ ~K~ ` = < *<\
 Wk Ja=$k KOk# ^ O|OkOz#k.
 = < *<\ P^ xH PiH =$kH 6 H< ~<#.
 gx 2 i=}`H JO, 2 == ~H =~ KOk#q. 2 JO`~f q~ } JO
KOk#q.
1. JkH `i L`u =$k~@ =i JkH [< ~ @
2. L`^H` ~Q^
3. Z= ~ x~}`H =~
4. @}H~}
5. Ja=$k KOk# ^ q~} ( The outward Expansion of Developed countries.)
6. JO`~fOQ = , == , =^# H^e H.

60 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
x=i\ ` ` x =^<
111. PiH =$k J# =#. ( )
1. PiHa=$k J# =#` =#"# k 2. PiHa=$k J# =#HO> Oz`" # k
3. PiHa=$k J# =#HO> q"# k 4. PiHa=$k J# =# O|O^O xk
112. ''^iH q+=O J# =## H\ O z# PiH" ` . ( )
1. O[q< y< 2. ~Q~ #~ 3. _| . P~~ ~ 4. *.ZO.H<
113. HOk "\ Ja=$k KO^x PiH= = H PiH H} = Uk? ( )
1. *##` 2. x~H~ ` 3. ` = =lH~ 4. ` = `i P^O
114. HOk "\ ^xx PiH =$kH x["# zHQ iQ} ~ ? ( )
1. ` ^~ x *f^O ~Q^ 2. ~ " # ^~ x *f^O ~Q^
3. "= `i P^Ox x~O`~ ~Q^ 4. ` ^~ x `i P^O ~Q^
115. PQLI J##k ^xH =#O. ( )
1. l H He\ P WO_H 2. l H HO\\ P WO_H
3. l H He\ P e@~ WO_H 4. l H HO\\ P e@~ WO_H
116. ''=#= Ja=$k x"kH# ` ~ K #k. ( )
1. O KO 2. ~f i[~ O 3. .<._.. 4. _| .\.F.
117. JO`e` =$k ^O`=# K # PiH" ` . ( )
1. .H.H 2. *.O.H< 3. ~Q~ #~ 4. Z.F.~=<
118. PiH == x J<H ~H H~H UH H=O^ Ja=$k KO^_x W ~ . ( )
1. aQ+ ^O`O 2. O`e` =$k ^O`O
3. JO`e` =$k ^O`O 4. L^Q H# x =$k ^O`O
119. ''=^ O`~ OHuH L`u ^u x ukOz# PiH" ` . ( )
1. .<.=H 2. W.. +=K~ 3. .P~.|#O^ 4. ..=<a
120. PiHa=$k`@ ==~OQOx qH H `O. ( )
1. ~Q`Ok 2. `Q ` Ok 3. ~ O Q LO@Ok 4. Jxt` su =~`Ok
121. ~`^ O 19992000 O=`~O <\H ^iH ~ Y HO^ L# [< `O ZO`?(2003)( )
1. 26% (26 crores) 2. 36% 3. 51% 4. 55%

111.(2) 112.(2) 113.(4) 114.(3) 115.(1) 116.(3) 117.(4) 118.(2)


119.(2) 120.(2) 121.(1)

61 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
122. 'J^$ O ^x "_#"~. ( )
1. = 2. J=~ < 3. WOk~QOn 4. P_O`
123. =#"a=$k zH D =_O\ =O_#. ( )
1. P=}O, JH~ `, ^ 2. P^O, ^, rq`O
3. P=}O, JH~ `, P^O 4. JH~ `, P^O, qxQO
124. PiHa=$k J#Q. ( )
1. PiH =$k 2. [ PK# =~
3. [< =$k 4. =$k`@ x~}`H" # =~
125. "#H|_# ^ =# H} =. ( )
1. Z= =^# qH x+u 2. Z= ^
3. qH H~` 4. Z= "`= q =
126. ~Q`# `i P^O XH ^ ...........H KHO . ( )
1. "#H|_#`#= 2. PiHa=$k 3. ~Q`# [< 4. ~Q`# ^~
127. #~ H~= ^i^ q+==# `yOK=K. ( )
1. kQ=` 2. =^# OK #= 3. ZQ=` 4. qxQ=
128. ~`^ O P^ O}. ( )
1. i # P^ O} 2. J=# P^ O}
3. P^ O} ^ 4. P^ O} Z=
129. ^i^O nxH KH= . ( )
1. PiH Ja=$k 2. "#H|_#`#= 3. iqH Ja=$k 4. Of J=#`
130. "#H|_# ^O H =# H} =. ( )
1. == ^#` 2. qH H~` 3. Z= ^~ @ 4. =^# O=$k
131. Ja=$k x~^H = . ( )
1. =^# = H~` 2. ` = < }= Q q
3. =^# = =$k 4.Z= < }= Q q
132. JO`e` =$k ^O`O K # =Y"# PiH" ` . ( )
1. ~ =i P_" ` 2. =H =i |#O^
3. +O@~ =i =~ 4. OQ~ =i ~=<

122.(4) 123.(3) 124.(4) 125.(4) 126.(2) 127.(2) 128.(2) 129.(2)


130.(1) 131.(1) 132.(4)
62 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
133 W<"O @s J#Q. ( )
1.H~Q~ x~} H =O_ == 2. H~Q~ x~} JH =O_ ==
3. H~Q~ JH = 4. H~Q~O = O_
134. PiH= $k =i Ja=$k ~ O_. ( )
1. =#= 2. "~ ~ 3. J#`= 4. q==
135. Ja=$k KOk# ^ H#_ H} O. ( )
1. =^# O JkHO Q LO__O 2. < }OQ q JkHO Q LO__O
3. ^q H ~OQO P^~_ _ O 4. [ =#~ ` =Q LO__O
136. PiHa=$k #=H# `# <H K #"~. ( )
1. +O@~ 2. =~ 3. iH~ 4. =
137. PiHa=$k PiH `~ H~H Wk XH\ . ( )
1. OHuHa=$k 2. x~} `eq`@
3. L^=^~x `eq`@ 4. O H O
138. O`e` =$k =x ukOz#"~. ( )
1. ~=< 2. #~ 3. ~ 4. q~
139. Ja=$k KOk# ^@|_ @_xH Q L`H` iq`OQ LO__xH QH~}=. ( )
1. [< i=}O ` =Q LO__O 2. q OY ` =Q LO__O
3. =~@ ik ` =Q LO__O 4. ^ " O ` =Q LO__O
140. Ja=$k KO^`# ^ K # x~^QO D ~OQO JkHO Q H^. ( )
1. i= 2. ==O 3. "~OQO 4. q^j~OQO
141. =#= =^# H# J#Q. ( )
1. [ OY# OK q^#O 2. [< OY# OK q^#O
3. uH =^# =$k q^#= 4. [ < }# OK q^#O
142. ~" nxx q=iOK#. ( )
1. O`e` =$k 2. JO`e` =$k 3. q+=O 4. PiHa=$k ^
143. ~`^ O Qg} O`Z==Ok nxH Q~=`~. ( )
1. |~OQ x~^QO 2. K^ =#"i x~^QO 3. H# x~^QO 4. K # x~^QO
144. 1998 O=`~O PiH GO < |=u Q `. ( )
1. eO\ 2. J=~ < 3. H~ 4. q~

133.(1) 134.(2) 135.(3) 136.(1) 137.(4) 138.(2) 139.(3) 140.(2)


141.(4) 142.(4) 143.(4) 144.(2)

63 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
145. 'U+ < _= J< QO^ ~K~ `. ( )
1. O |~ 2. =~ 3. H~=~ 4. q~
146. [ =$k ~ @ J< =## ukOz#"~. ( )
1.~_ 2. _=~ 3. H~ 4. *<~a<<
147. ~=< D ^O`x " K_. ( )
1. aQ + 2. O`e` =$k 3. Hh H$+ 4. JO`e` =$k
148. =_= O K ^ J#Q... ( )
1. @|_^s ^ 2. ="^ ^ 3. Ja=$k KO^`# ^ 4. = x
149. PiHa=$k [iy#C_ *<\ H~O *f^O... ( )
1. ==~OQ QO ~Q# 2. ==~OQ QO xH_Q LO_#
3. ==~OQ QO "^@ `y, `~ "` ~Q# 4. ==~OQ QO `Q #
150. PiH =$k ^ ^O`x ukOz#"~. ( )
1. ~ 2. #~ 3. q~ 4. ~"
151. Jiq` = ~ ~ ^O`xukOz#"~. ( )
1. O[q< y< 2. "~ 3. =<" <O Q 4. ~
152. #=H# ^O`x ukOz#"~. ( )
1. P_" ` 2. =~ 3. +O@~ 4. ~=<
153. =#= xi` =^# =@|_ J#Q. ( )
1. P~QO =i q^ 2. P~QO 3. q^ 4. ~_ #
154. K # x~^y` JO>. ( )
1. = LO` L`^H` # JQ@ 2. = Q@ L`^H` # JQ@
3. JkH = LO` L`^H` 4. J Q@ = L`^H`
155. Hh J=~ ^H O D HO " @|_#k. ( )
1. <= }oH 2. S^= }oH 3. P~= }oH 4. U_= }oH
156. P^ xH ~OQO ~`# ~OQO H LO_@#... ( )
1. PiH `O`` zO 2. " \ ~OQO =Y`# `#
3. PiH ^O^`O 4. = x

145.(4) 146.(1) 147.(2) 148.(3) 149.(4) 150.(4) 151.(4) 152.(3)


153.(1) 154.(1) 155.(2) 156.(3)

64 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
157. @|_ J#Q. ( )
1. ` P ^ i H @ 2. O Q Hiqu _l@
3. 1 =i 2 4. uH L`^H == q= ~Q^
158. XH JQK~ O PiH ==# =O^ #_ O ^x qOz# PiH" ` . ( )
1. P_" ` 2. =~ 3. H< 4. ~a<
159. 'Das Capital' H ~K~ `. ( )
1. ~_ 2. P_" ` 3. << 4. H~=~
160. ''i[~ # J< = =#` O|O^= # PiH G"`. ( )
1. P_" ` 2. H~=~ 3. iH~ 4. H<
161. PiHa=$k ~ @# x~~ OK@OHuH Qu =Y` =O ^x qOz#"_. ( )
1. H< 2. +O@~ 3. << 4. H*<
162. L`^H L`u =uH` O|O^= # PiH" ` . ( )
1. eO\ 2. ~_< 3. << 4. H*<
163. ''K # x~^y` J< =## " \# PiH" ` . ( )
1. ~~ T@< 2. q *< ~a<<
3. ^= << 4. *< g<~H <
164. PiHa=$k HL# _HO\#\ |~` P^ H ^#`# ^O`s`
ukOz#"_. ( )
1. << 2. ~_< 3. =~ 4. eO\
165. PiHa=$k XH ^ Ki# `~`. ( )
1. ==` H =~ ^#` iy L`u ~Q^ ^#` ~Q`Ok
2. ==` H =~ ~ O Q =O_ L`u ~Q^ ^#` `Q ` Ok
3. ==` H =~ ^#` `y, L`u ~Q^ ^#` ~Q`Ok
4. i=}`H =i Q}`H =~ ^#` K`Ok
166. K # x~^Q LO` L`^H` . ( )
1. #= 2. XH\ 3. J#O`= 4. XH\ H< Z=
167. ^O^ PiH == J< =## " \_ . ( )
1. H< 2. H 3. ~ 4. ~

157.(4) 158.(1) 159.(4) 160.(2) 161.(2) 162.(1) 163.(2) 164.(2)


165.(3) 166.(1) 167.(2)

65 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
168. =#+ O^# Ja=$k K <O^Q# P=} =$k JH~ ` =$k, qH Q=#j`
=$k =#Q J~^ =~# K #"_. ( )
1. + 2. ~ =O_ 3. " 4. H ~ <
169. *f^OHhO 10% ^K @|_" =oOKH ` = # ^# K~ H=_O J^ O
J#"~. ( )
1. ~ 2. ~" 3. ~a< 4. <H
170. #=H# =# PiHa=$k ^ =x K #"_. ( )
1. +O@~ 2. ~ 3. ~=< 4. y|~
171. P^ xH HO L`^H L`u =uH# ` ~K < |=ux Ok#"_. ( )
1. H 2. ~a< 3. Q` 4. eO\
172. H= =$k J< =## " \#"_. ( )
1. =^ ~ 2. q.H.P~.q.~= 3. K 4. =`
173. 'Jiq` = J< =## " \#"_. ( )
1. ~ 2. ~_< 3. q 4. =
174. PiH ==# r=<^~ ~OQO, @|_^~ ~OQO Jx =sHi Oz#"_. ( )
1.J~~ f 2. P_" ` 3. _q_ iH~ 4. P~~ ~
175. ~ L^ O =^# x~}O nx P^~_ `Ok. ( )
1. q "`< ^ 2. @|_^~ qQ
3. =_ "~ WK |} 4. @ ^= q^#O
176. PiHa=$k _H O \#\# QiOz K #"_. ( )
1. ~*< < ~_< 2. H< 3. +O@~ 4. ~_
177. PiHa=$k H # q=iOK@ 'Jq* J< =## " \#"_. ( )
1. P~~ ~ 2. ~*< < ~_< 3. ~_ 4. +O@~
178. ''O< P H@ J< =## =$k ^O`xH "_#"_. ( )
1. ~~ 2. H~=~ 3. ` 4. ~*< < ~_<
179. =O^ J#|O^, "#H J#|O^ J< =## " \# "_. ( )
1. ~=< 2. ~Q~ K 3. =^ ~ 4.
180. @|_^s PiH == =~ O ~} "\ `< xH ^ifO k. ( )
1. #~ 2. ~=< 3. H~ =~ 4. ~_<

168.(1) 169.(2) 170.(1) 171.(4) 172.(1) 173.(1) 174.(4) 175.(2)


176.(1) 177.(2) 178.(4) 179.(1) 180.(3)
66 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
181. @|_^s == =~ O ~} <kQ qQ q= ^O`x q=iOz#"_. ( )
1. =~ 2. Q<~ q~ 3. Q` 4. H<
182. +e*xH =QO^O Q iQ}O K|_k. ( )
1. A Treatiseon money 2. Das Capital 3. Value and Growth 4. Wealth of Nations
183. P~xH HOl+< P H@ J< =## =$k ^O`O "_#"_. ( )
1. #~ 2. ~=< 3. H~=~ 4. \ q
184. OHuH *# Qu =# U~_ x~^Q# iqH i[~# Jx ez#"_. ( )
1. =~ 2. ` 3. +O@~ 4. H~
185. L^=^~_ =$k H ^ #` =_x K #"_. ( )
1. +O@~ 2. iH~ 3. =~ 4. `
186. H"+ ZH =i _ ZH J< =## " \#"_. ( )
1. Q<~ q~ 2. P~~ f 3. ~=< 4. #~H
187. XH O`O PiH q~} H#Q@C_ Jk W`~ O` q~} `__` Jk nx =O.
1. O H == =^# O 2. aQ + ( )
3. H "+ Z 4. _ Z
188. i # [`Hxk ( )
Z a
1. #=H# Z. +O+@~
2. ^iH q+= a. ~Q~ #~
3. iqH i[~# . H~ =~
4. Jiq` qH ~ _. J~~ ~
5. _ ZH W. ~".
189. i # [`Hxk
Z a
1. qQ q= ^O`O Z. H~=~
2. =~\ ^O`O a. *.a. (J.B.Say)
3. K # x~^y` . N=u *< ~a<<
4. [< q@#O = PiH# ~HO _. Z_<H#<
190. i # [`Hxk. ( )
1. ^ H @ Z. H~ =~
2. P < _= a. Q<~ q~
3. " P <+< . *.O.H#
4. Take-off into sustained growth _. ~"
5. Economic Backwardness and Economic Growth W. <<
181.(1) 182.(2) 183.(3) 184.(1) 185.(1) 186.(1) 187.(4) 188.(5)
189.(4) 190.(3)
67 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
H
191. PiH =$k J< =# ^xH KOk#k? ( )
1. Ja=$k KOk# ^ 2. Ja=$k ^
3. ~ < ^ 4. " g H=
192. PiHa=$k J< =# ^xH KOk#k? ( )
1. Ja=$k KOk# ^ 2. Ja=$k ^ 3. P < ^ 4. " g H=
193. D HOk"x q"# =# Uk? ( )
1. PiH =$k 2. PiHa=$k 3. PiH =# 4. " g H=
194. D HO^ `e# zH Uk PiH= $kx HeK H=#O. ( )
1. P~Q H~ O 2. JH~ ` 3. *f^O =$k ~ @4. = x
195. D HO^ `e# zH Uq PiHa=$kx `e* #. ( )
1. P~Q H~ O 2. JH~ ` 3. *f^O =$k ~ @ 4. = x
196. PiHa=$k Uq H LO_#. ( )
1) i=}`H zH 2) Q}`H" # zH 3) 1 =i 2 4) 1 ^ 2
197. `i P^O iy#@ J~`. ( )
1. *f^O =$k~ @ ~Q# 2. [< =$k ` =Q LO_#
3. [< =$k Z= LO_# 4. 1 =i 2
198. Jiq` qH J< =## ^xH J#~OK=K#. ( )
1. "~OQO 2. x~}~OQO 3. H~ O QO 4. ==~OQO
199. OH = O J< =# D O^~ O =Y"# k. ( )
1. *f^O iy#C_ 2. *f^O `y# C_
3. *f^O ~ O Q L#C_ 4. *f^O #O} J~#C_
200. [< Jx =~ "iH PiH= $k e ` K~ `~ Jx `e =O. ( )
1. Trickle up effect 2. Trickle down effect 3. Take-off effect 4. Back wash effect
201. ~` O ^iHx ^x P^~OQ x~~} K~ . (1)
1. H s fO\~ 2. W 3. |@ 4. = h
202. "#H|_# ^ [< =$k~ @ Z=Q LO__xH H~}O. ( )
1. JkH [##~@ 2. ` = =~}~ @ 3. 1 =i 2 4. " g H=
203. "#H|_# ^# II ~Q~ #~ nx ^$ x~zOK#. ( )
1. [ =#~ H~` 2. =^# O H~`
3. =#= =#~ H~` 4. OHuH i*#O H~`

191.(1) 192.(2) 193.(2) 194.(3) 195.(4) 196.(3) 197.(4) 198.(4)


199.(4) 200.(2) 201.(1) 202.(3) 203.(2)

68 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
204. ^iH q+= ^O`O# Ja=$ki z#k. ( )
1. " < 2. *.W.g_ 3. ~Q~ #~ 4. *.~a<<
205. Ja=$k ^ "#H|_ L#\H Hx Q Ja=$k KOk LO_#. Wk D ~H" # iu x
$+O K#. ( )
1. Z= =$k 2. ^O^`= 3. P^=#` 4. " g H=
206. ~`^ *f^O "~OQO "\ ^xHO> Z=. ( )
1. 20% 2. 30% 3. 40% 4. 50%
207. Ja=$k KO^`# ^# D q^O Q _ ==K#. ( )
1. "^\ O K ^ 2. ~ O_= O K^
3. =_= O K ^ 4 .<= O K^
208. = < =$k #=< ^xH O|OkOz#k. ( )
1. USA 2. USSR 3. INDIA 4. CHINA
209. 'Choice of Techniques' H ~K~ ` Z=~? ( )
1. Z.H.< 2. *.W.g_ 3. ~Q~ #~ 4. *.~a<<
210. q` ^O^`= ^O`=# Ja=$k K# k Z=~? ( )
1. ZO.~~ 2. K.qO\ 3. Z..OM< 4.
211. ''=lH LO` L`^H` ^O`O# ukOz#"~. ( )
1. P~. 2. ~_ 3. *.W.g_ 4. Z.Z".M<
212. Jiq` qH ^O`O# Ja=$k K# "~. ( )
1.Z.ZO.M< 2. *.W.g_ 3. Z.q 4. P~.
213. ~ Q =` O~ L^y` =## Ja=$ki z#"~. ( )
1. Je< \<< 2. Q~ 3. *.~a<< 4. *.H .Q`
214. ''~ QO J< =## *.~a<< U J~O ` L yOK~. ( )
1. ~ =}`L yOK~ 2. ^O^ PiH ==
3. O~ L^y`` _# xH_ =$k 4. ^O JkH ^"}O L#C_
215. ''~ QO =`O# `e* #k. ( )
1. "= =$k~ @ HO> Ja+Oz# =$k~ @ ` = LO_@
2. "= =$k~@ HO> Ja+Oz# =$k~@ Z=Q LO_@
3. "= =$k ~ @, Ja+Oz# =$k~ @ =#OQ LO_@
4. 1 =i 2

204.(3) 205.(2) 206.(4) 207.(3) 208.(2) 209.(1) 210.(2) 211.(4)


212.(3) 213.(3) 214.(3) 215.(3)

69 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
216. K # x~^y` `~K U ~OQO Hx O k. ( )
1. s i= 2. ==~OQO
3. OHOQ ~OQO 4. qxQ == ~OQO
217. K # x~^y` U ~ =^ Oq OK_O ^ ==`Ok. ( )
1. "sH~} 2. ZQ=` ~
3. r=<^~~ 4. "}[ O@ Z=Q O_OK_O
218. = PiH == =Y` +OKk. ( )
1. ==O 2. i= 3. @} 4. " g H=
219. iqH q= O J##k ^xx `#. ( )
1. ~[H q= O 2. PiH q= O 3. =lH q= O 4. O $uH q= O
220. iqH q= O ZH_ ~O" # k. ( )
1. < 2. a@< 3. [~h 4. J"iH
221. _| ._| .~" H~O Ja=$k ^q H ^ Uk? ( )
1. O^ =[O 2. O^ =[O =O^ ^
3. = # ^ 4. =H qxQO
222. _| ._| .~" H~O nx Uk |kb ^. ( )
1. O^ =[O 2. = #^ =O^^ 3. = # ^ 4. " g H=
223. ''P^ xH PiH =$kx ukOz#"~. ( )
1. = < *<\ 2. iK~ < 3. _| .eO\ 4. "s Je
224. U PiH" ` JaO H~O '' ["# P@OH =# [< =$k J<k `Q # . ( )
1. Z.` 2. *..q 3. _.iH~ 4. =
225. Q<~ q~ U Ja=$ki z# JO ^$+x H OnHiOK~. ( )
1. Of J=#` 2. =^# O H~` 3. [< ^_ 4. =#= =#~ H~`
226. ''aQ + =O J##k ^x P^~_ # =#. ( )
1. L`^H` 2. H"+ =O
3. |~` P^ 4. JO`~` PiH ==
227. K # x~^y` nx H H} O. ( )
1. Ja=$k KOk# ^ 2. "#H|_# ^
3. P~ ZQ=u ^ 4. " g H=

216.(2) 217.(3) 218.(1) 219.(2) 220.(2) 221.(1) 222.(2) 223.(1)


224.(4) 225.(1) 226.(3) 227.(2)

70 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
228. HOk"i K # x~^y` =## Z=Q L yOz#k. ( )
1. = < *<\ 2. *.H .Q` 3. ~Q~ #~ 4. "s Je
229. K # x~^y` `e* #k. ( )
1. qx H LO` L`^H` #O
2. qx H LO` L`^H` ^< `HO
3. qx H LO` L`^H` |}`HO 4. 1 =i 3
230. = # ^ K~ H"O> Hh @|_ ~ @ ZO` J=~O . ( )
1. 5 % 2. 7 % 3. 10% 4. 20 %
231. J"iH H *f^O JkH QO ^x #O_ O^`Ok? ( )
1. ==~OQO 2. iqH~O QO 3. "~OQO 4. " g H^
232. ~` *f^O U ~OQO #O_ Z=Q =O k? ( )
1. ==~OQO 2. iqH~O QO 3. "~OQO 4. " g H^
233. J"iH U ~OQO JkH q xK K<~. ( )
1. ==~OQO 2. iqH~O QO 3. "~OQO 4. " g H^
234. ~`^ O U ~OQO JkH= Ok q xK K<~. ( )
1. ==~OQO 2. iqH~O QO 3. "~OQO 4. " g H^
235. iqHH~ } `~ "` U ~OQO Pk` O HxOK#? ( )
1. ==~OQO 2. iqH~O QO 3. "~OQO 4. " g H^
236. Hh @|_ `O ^O`x `e#"~=~? ( )
1. Z.q 2. . ~ x 3. K.|<< 4. Z.H.<
237. P_O|~ qxQO J# =## " \O k. ( )
1. =~ "|~ 2. \."< 3. Z.H.< 4. H .Z<.~*
238. P_O|~ qxQO nxH ^if#. ( )
1. @|_ ~Q^ 2. qxQO `Q ^ 3. ^ `Q ^ 4. " g H^
239. ^~ < =O =# ^x ~Q^ Oq OK#? ( )
1. qxQO 2. ^ 3. @|_ 4. P^O
240. HOk"x Uk =#= =^# O XH QO. ( )
1. q^ 2. tH} O^ L^Q 3. P~Q ^ 4. = h
228.(3) 229.(4) 230.(3) 231.(3) 232.(3) 233.(3) 234.(1) 235.(3)
236.(3) 237.(2) 238.(3) 239.(1) 240.(4)

71 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
241. q~ } =O = XH ` H O`O PiHO Q Ja=$k KOk` ^x e `O. ( )
1. W`~ O` Ja=$kH =Q =~# 2. W`~ O` Ja=$kH ^^_ #
3. ^O^`x $+O K# 4. " g H=
242. XH O`O PiHO Q Ja=$k KOk#C_ ^x H"+ e `OQ D q^O Q LO@Ok. ( )
1. u XH~ [#O O^`~ 2. Hx O` #+ `~
3. XHi Jx O` Ja=$k KO^`~ 4. " g H=
243. ''J O\ \ H ~K~ ` Z=~? ( )
1. *.ZO.H< 2. *.H .Q` 3. J< \~ 4. = < *<\
244. ''J O\ \ H H} O Uk? ( )
1. "#H|_# ^ 2. =^ P^=~ ^ 3. JkH iqHH~ } ^ 4. " g H^
245. "#H|_# ^ Z^~< =? ( )
1. ==O`" # 2. ==O`" # _=O_ 3. 1 =i 2 4. 1 ^ 2
246. Ja=$k KOk# ^O Z^~< =? ( )
1. ==O`" # 2. ==O`" # _=O_ 3. 1 =i 2 4. 1 ^ 2
247. ''=_= O KO H QO^H ~ Z=~? ( )
1. *.H .Q` 2. Je< \~ 3. *.W.g_ 4. *.ZO.H<
248. HOk"x =$k =#~q (P^~q)? ( )
1. [=#~ 2. =#= =^# O 3. uH =^# O 4. = h
249. c~ ~xH i_# O`Q Wq L<~. ( )
1. [ =#~ 2. =#= =^# O 3. uH =^# O 4. = h
250. [ =#~He LO_q? ( )
1. Yx* 2. q+#s 3. < }OQ q 4. = h
251. Ja=$k KOk# ^O [ =#~ =Y`? ( )
1. ~Q`Ok 2. `Q ` Ok 3. =~ LO_^ 4. " g H^
252. J"iH ~_ =$k ~ @ ~Q^ H~}O? ( )
1. [ =#~ 2. uH =^# O 3. L`^H` 4. = h

241.(2) 242.(2) 243.(2) 244.(3) 245.(1) 246.(2) 247.(2) 248.(4)


249.(1) 250.(1) 251.(2) 252.(3)

72 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
253. `~ =^ ^ JkH P^O O^`<~. H~}O? ( )
1. =#= =^# O 2. P~ x
3. uH =^# O 4. L`^H` =$k
254. uH =^# O J#Q. ( )
1. H$ u Wz# =~O 2. ^=_z# =~O
3. =#=_ ` ~K# x=@, iH~ 4. " g H^
255. [ =#~ J#Q. ( )
1. H$ u O^ 2. =#=_ $+O z#k 3. 1 =i 2 4. 1 ^ 2
256. =^# x He LO_q? ( )
1. q+#s 2. iqH O 3. =_^ ~ x 4. = h
257. =^# x `Q_ x D q^O Q ~ ? ( )
1. @|_ 2. =^# OK #O 3. `~ Q^ 4. " g H^
258. @|_ `~ Q^ nxH =#O. ( )
1. xH~ `~ Q^ 2. xH~ @|_ 3. xH~ =^# x 4. xH~ =^# OK #O
k
k U JOO ~Q^ Oq
259. XH ^ =^# x ~QO>, HOk"x OKe? ( )
yl yl
1. @|_ 2. `~ Q^ 3. xH~ @|_ 4. qxQ=
260. =^# L`u x+u ~Q^# `e* #k? ( )

1. 2. 3. 4.
261. D HOk =#~ uH =^#
H P^~" k? ( )
1. ^ ~ @ ~Q^ 2. q"# == ^z"` `yO K@
3. |_\ qQ 4. = h
262. =#= =^# O D PiH == =Y"# kQ H#_ K#k. ( )
1. _e[O 2. H@e[O 3. +e[O 4. #`# PiH= =
263. "#H|_# ^ < }O Q q Ja=$k KOk# ^ xK @# D q^O Q ~ ?
1. *#= 2. "^= 3. =^# = 4. " g H^ ( )

253.(2) 254.(3) 255.(1) 256.(4) 257.(3) 258.(2) 259.(3) 260.(3)


261.(4) 262.(4) 263.(2)
73 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
264. HO^ Wz# U =~ ^~ XH ^O =#= =^# x# OKHQ^. ( )
1. q^ =` HeOK@ 2. P~Q=O`" # q^#O
3. L^Q tH} x=_O 4. = h
265. =_~ =K ~Q^ ~ @ HO> L`u =K ~Q^ ~ @ Z=Q LO> ^xx D q^O Q
~ . ( )
1. L`^H` `Q ^ 2. L`^H` ~Q^
3. ~ L`^H` 4. " g H^
266. L`u/ =# D q^O Q ~ ? ( )
1. qx LO` L`^H` 2. qx "`O L`^H`
3. qx Q@ L`^H` 3. " g H^
267. L`^H` ~Q^ J##k ^x P^~_ #? ( )
1. = ~Q^ 2. =^# O ~Q^
3. =_~ ~Q^ 4. OHuH i*#O ~Q^
268. D HOk"x Uk "#H|_# ^ ~OQ LO@Ok? ( )
1. "~O 2. Aid ( O) 3. |} 4. " g H^
269. ''aQ+ ^O`O# ukOz#"~. ( )
1. ~Q~ #~ 2. ~|~
3. *.P~.H 4. ~*< < ~_<
270. ~*< < ~_< `e# qq^ ~H Jq[` ^x He L<~? ( )
1. L`u O Jq[` 2. _=O_ Jq[`
3. ^ Jq[` 4. = h
271. O`e` =$k =O# =iOz#"~? ( )
1. HO_ |~~ 2. P~~ q 3. OQ~ 4. ~=<
272. JO`e` =$k =O# =iOz#"~? ( )
1. ~Q~ #~ 2. < < 3. OQ~ 4. P~~ q
273. O`e` =$k =O `e* #k. ( )
1. ^O^ =$k 2. qq^ ~OQ =~ Ja=$k (XHi)
3. s i= ^#` 4. " g H^

264.(4) 265.(2) 266.(3) 267.(4) 268.(1) 269.(4) 270.(4) 271.(2)


272.(3) 273.(2)

74 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
274. K ^~ (Shadow Price) =## "^@ ukOz#"~? ( )
1. *."~ 2. WiOQ + ~ 3. *.\< ~ ~ 4. K."< <
275. q= PiH == He LO_k? ( )
1. " @
~OQO 2. `~OQO 3. 1 =i 2 4. 1 ^ 2
276. J"iH J##k. ( )
1. ="^ PiH == 2. =^# PiH ==
3. q= PiH == 4. " g H^
277. ~` PiH ==. ( )
1. ="^ PiH == 2. =^# PiH ==
3. q= PiH == 4. " g H^
278. ~` 4= OK=~ }oH Z=i #=<# J#iOK~. ( )
1. *.H .Q` 2. Q<~ q~ 3. Z.Z.=< Z.~^ 4. ..=<a
279. x~O`~ }oH# zOz#"~. ( )
1. *.H .Q` 2. Q<~ q~ 3. =< 4. Z.H.<
280. U < _= QO^H ~ Z=~? ( )
1. *.H .Q` 2. Q<~ q~ 3. ~Q~ #~ 4. Z.H.<
281. "^\ iQ s i= ^#`xK# }oH Uk? ( )
1. "^\ OK=~ }oH 2. ~ O_= OK=~ }oH
3. =_= OK=~ }oH 4. <Q= OK=~ }oH
282. 2= OK=~ }oH J#iOz# #=<. ( )
1. =<a #=< 2. ~_ _=~ #=<
3. O` #=< 4. ~|~ #=<
283. q^j O HO^ Z480x Z=i #O_ f<~? ( )
1. a@< 2. [< 3. ZZ 4. ~
284. O^ =$k ~ @ J# =# zOz#"~? ( )
1. q.H.P~.q.~" 2. ~*H$ + 3. [Qn Q = ` 4. \.Z<.Nx"
285. ''O^ =$k ~ @ U =$k~@ =^ ~ O Q LOk? ( )
1. 1% 2. 2.5% 3. 3.5% 4. 5%

274.(3) 275.(3) 276.(2) 277.(3) 278.(3) 279.(2) 280.(2) 281.(2)


282.(1) 283.(3) 284.(2) 285.(3)

75 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
286. PiHa=$k H~ +O@~ ^xH ^#` WK_. ( )
1. ~[H < 2. O = 3. = 4. #=H#
287. HOk "x iQ [`K |_xk Uk? ( )
~K~ ` H=
1. = < *<\ U < _=
2. *.~a<< Z W< k k s P ZH<qH Q`
3. H~ =~ ^ H@
4. P~~ q k s P ZH<qH Q`
288. =^# L`u x+u 3 : 1Q#, O=`iH [< =$k~ @ 2.5% Q#, @|_ ~Q ^ 10.5%
LO^x " O K `i P^O ~Q^ ZO`Q LO_#? ( )
1. 0% 2. 1.0% 3. 3.0% 4. 7.0%
289. + ~ H~ ^O`O H~O HOk"x i # H==. ( )
=#~ U ~OQO #O_ U ~OQO# `~e =_O =# x~O`~ Ja=$kH `__`~
1. ==O = iqH~O QO 2. ==O iqH ~OQO =
3. iqH ~OQO = ==O 4. iqH~O QO ==O =
290. q~ } =O J#Q? ( )
PiHO Q XH ` H O`O Ja=$k KO^@C_?
1. W`~ O` Ja=$k J# =O# K#
2. Ja=$k = W`~ O` #
3. Ja=$k = ^= O` qiOK# 4. " g H=
291. H"+ =O J#Q PiHO Q XH ` H O`O Ja=$k KOk#C_? ( )
1. Jx O` "\H" Ja=$k KO^#
2. W`~ O` =YOQ "#H|_# O` #+ =#
3. U W`~ O` #+ = 4." g H^
292. x~^H K~ , uK~ =O= ^ ^x ^iH ~ LOK u x `e =~# nxH
KOk#k? ( )
1. Ja=$k 2. `~# ^iHO
3. | ` 4. ^iH q+=

286.(4) 287.(1) 288.(2) 289.(2) 290.(1) 291.(2) 292.(4)

76 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
293. Ja=$k ~O ^ P^ J=#` ~Q`x `~ "` ~ `Q ` ~ J< iH##
Ja=$k K# k Z=~? ( )
1) P~. Z. ~_ 2) = < *<\ 3) *.P~.H 4) \._| .
294. ^x P^~OQ ''uH r=# =} px `=K# ? ( )
1) P~ O, t =~} ~ @ =i JH~ ` `O
2) Ke#O` ''P~O, =Ozh~, =u =i P~Q =# HeOK_O
3) i^ O, q^, OH = H=#O# HeOK_O 4) = h
295. e 1 (^O`O)x e 2 (PiH" ` ~) ` [`K O_. ( )
1) #= O^ "^ PiH= $k ^O`O Z) a <<
2) PiHa=$kH O|OkOz ''aQ + ^O`O a) *.K.H
3) ''Hh @|_ `= ^O`O ) ~=<
4) =lH ^O^`O _) ~*< < ~_<
W) g_ (Meade)
1) 1a, 2, 3_, 4W 2) 1W, 2_, 3Z, 4a
3) 1, 2W, 3a, 4Z 4) 1Z, 2, 3W, 4a
296. Ja=$k KOk# ^ J#= O `ek U=O> Ja=$k H QOQ *f^O ^q H
~OQO "\ ( )
1) ~Q# 2) ~ O Q LO_#
3) `Q # 4) ~OO `y `~ "` ~Q#
297. Ja=$k J~ GO ^O^`O J#Q ( )
1) ^O^ ^~ q^#= 2) P^ xH =i O^ ~OQ r=#O K @
3) ` =i " \ ~OQ ~Q^
4) iqH =i iqH`~ U*h ~Q^
298. =#^O 50= ^H O =^ J=OaOz# =<a =O H H O, ^ #OQ ... ( )
1) ~H} i= ^$_" # P^~O# xiOK_O
2) =^# O^`# L yOz s i=# <H_O
3) PiH == ^"}O ~Q^
4) HO x~^y`# `yO K_O
299. D HO^ Wz# "x U i= Z= =O^ J#|O^# Hey LOk ?
1) Q< 2) P~^ < 3) W#=L 4) q+#s

293.(2) 294.(1) 295.(2) 296.(3) 297.(2) 298.(2) 299.(3)

77 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
300. ~Q~ #~ H~O ~` JkH [< i=}O ^xx `e* # ? ( )
1) JkH xH ^ =~ O (larger saving potential)
2) ^ =~ O# q_<__O
3) ` = ^ =~ O
4) Z=Q |~` =
301. ~_ _=~ #=< =$k (G), Q@ ^ x+u (S)H O|OkOz .... =^# L`u x+u
(K)x, D gH~} O ^~ `eK =K. ( )
1) 2) 3) 4)

302. He< H~ H~O Ja=$k H 3= =i z=i ~ =Y H} O Uk ? ( )


1) iqH ~OQO 2) "~OQO 3) ==O 4) ZQ=`
303. #~ H~O "#H|_# ^ @|_ iqu ^xx `e* # ? ( )
1) =~\ i=}O 2) @|_ J=H H~`
3) ^ H~` 4) ` q^<
304. P^ xH PiH= $k H =Y"# H}
O Uk ? ( )
1) Z= ~ x~}`H =~ 2) @} H ~ }

3) `i = L`^H` ~Q@ 4) = h
305. *f P^O H =$k ~ @ ^xH =#O ? ( )
KK K
S1
1) *f P^O/[< =$k = G 2) @|_ x+u/=^# L`u x+u
SSK
S1
3) =^# L`u x+u/@|_ x+u 4) " g H^
K
306. =[O Q@
^ ~ @ 10%, 0
x+u 4 J~< PiH == H ^~} =$k ~ @ ZO` ?
( )
1) 0.5% 2) 1.5% 3) 2.5% 4) 4%
307. O=`iH PiH == =$k ~ @ 2.5% J~` ^| [< =$k~@ 10% J~<, `i P^ =$k
~ @ ZO` ? ( )
1) 1.5% 2) 2.5% 3) 2.5% 4)4%
308. L^= ^~`O (Entrepreneurship) ^xH J`O` ^Q~ Q LO@Ok ? ( )
1) H#H=_O 2) #=H# 3) x~} 4) ` i#
309. Ja=$k KO^`# ^, Ja=$k KOk# ^` e K Z^~O@# x~^Q = ( )
1) Z= =i qa#"# k 2) ` =
3) =#OQ LO@Ok 4) Hx O^~ Z=Q#, =iHx O^~ ` =Q LO@Ok

300.(1) 301.(2) 302.(2) 303.(1) 304.(4) 305.(2) 306.(3) 307.(1)


308.(2) 309.(1)
78 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
310. Ja=$k KO^`# ^ ` HO "Q= O`" # [< =$kH H~}= ? ( )
1) Z= [#< ~ @
2) ` = =~} ~ @
3) JkH [#< ~ @ =i ` = =~} ~ @
4) Hx O^~ Z= [#< ~ @ =iHx O^~ ` = [#< ~ @
311. P~~ ~ ^O`O Zx ~OQ L#_ PiHa=$k H # q=iOK# ? ( )
1) XH\ 2) ~ O_ 3) <Q 4) J<HO
312. Ja=$k KO^`# ^ ^iHO`@ H#|_ W`~ ^~} H} Uq ? ( )
1) ==~OQO JkH `O [< P^~_ _ O 2) OHuH ^O^`O
3) qH =^# x+u ` =Q LO__O 4) = h
313. qH qQ ^O`O " O ? ( )
1) ` = Ja=$k KOk# ^ Z= [< Hey LO__O
2) ` = Ja=$k KOk# ^ L`u qx H ` LO_^
3) ` = Ja=$k KOk# ^ qx LO` L`^H` #O
4) "#H|_ ^ x~^y` Z=Q LO@Ok
314. XH ^O H ^ H~`# U q^O Q iOK=K ? ( )
1) J^# =^# L`u x+u `yO K_O ^~ 2) ^j qxQO `yO K_O
3) Z= q^j O O^_O 4) = h
315. O`e` =$k ^O`O H~O "#H|_# ^ J Ja=$kH ^ # H~}O ? ( )
1) =~\ z# i=}O Hey LO_@ 2) ^ H~`
3) ` = ~ OHuH` 4) q^j PkH `
316. O`e` =$k ^O`= ^ #OQ ^xx iQ}#H fx q=~ K |_Ok ? ( )
1) =~\ i=}O 2) |~` i=}O 3) =#~ H~` 4) JkH [<
317. Q<~ q~ H~O "#H|_# ^ Of J=`# ^ # H~}= ? ( )
1) |#"# "#H " =i |"# q~} "
2) ` = "#H =O =i q~} =O
3) |"# "#H =O =i q~} =O
4) |"# "#H " =i |#"# q~} "
318. Ja=$k KO^`# ^ PiHa=$kx |#"# H"+ e ` |"# q~} e ` OK@
^~ kOK=Kx ~#k Z=~ ? ( )
1) Z<.H~ 2) *.~a<< 3) l.q~ 4) *.K.H

310.(3) 311.(2) 312.(4) 313.(3) 314.(4) 315.(1) 316.(3) 317.(4) 318.(3)

79 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
319. XH ^O H =$k ~ @# x~iOK#k ? ( )
1) Q@ ^ =$u 2) , _=O_ JO`~ K~
3) `<`H = ^O`O 4) =^# H# ~ @
320. "#H|_# ^ q` ^O^`O ^xx `e* # ? ( )
1) "}[ O =i =_ "~ 2) +_ =i +_ Hx "}[ O
3) H ZHO* =i #`# =~\ 4) " g H^
321. H H~O =lH ^O^`O H} Uk H LO_# ? ( )
1) JkH =i ` = 2) = =i @|_^~
3) kQ=u K H|_# =i ^j =lH^ `
4) Qg} =i @} *<
322. Hh J=~ = HO_@, =xH Q == qxQO ~Q@ J< H} ~" ^
^O`O D ^ H#_ #. ( )
1) =H qxQO 2) iH ^ Q=#O
3) = # ^ 4) = # ^ =O^ ^
323. Z) @|_ ~ \O J~ 10% JkQq OK@
a) =$kH J#"# O $uH i` U~_@
) Hx ~Qq ~OQ "QO Q =$k KO^@ J<q ~< ^ D ^ H#|_# ?
1) =H qxQO 2) iH ^ Q=#O
3) = # ^ 4) = # ^ =O^ ^
324. ''=lH LO` L`^H` # ukOz#"~ ( )
1) *.~a#< 2) P~.ZO. 3) Z.ZO.M< 4) ~*< ~_<
325. ~_ #=< ^x Qi =# ^ ( )
1) "qH =$k ~ @ 2) Hh @|_ =$k ~ @
3) "~O>_ =$k ~ @ 4) [ =$k ~ @
326. }oH"` O=`iH =$k ~ @# 2% kOKx J##k. =^# L`u 5:1 J~` J=~" #
@|_ ~ @ ZO` ? ( )
1) 5 2) 2 3) 10 4) 3
327. *f L`u == ~OQ "\ J##k ( )
1) `i P^O` |}`H O|O^O # Hey LOk
2) `i P^O` ^< `H O|O^O # Hey LOk
3) *f`u` ~ " # O|O^O # Hey LOk
4) " g H=

319.(4) 320.(1) 321.(3) 322.(1) 323.(3) 324.(3) 325.(2) 326.(3) 327.(1)

80 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
328. "Indian Economic Planning in its Broader setting" J< QO^O x~O`~ }oH# ukOz#
"~ ? ( )
1) l.q~ 2) Z.H.<
3) ..=<a 4) *.~a<<
[`~ K= :
329. e 1 e 2 ( )
1) ^~ < =O Z) P~.#~
2) Of J=#` a) *._< s
3) ^iH q+= ) Z<.qO\
_) l.q~
1) 1a, 2_, 3Z 2) 1Z, 2Z, 3_
3) 1Z, 2, 3a 4) 1, 2_, 3Z
330. H~= ~ `e# =$k ^ # =~ H=O `=. ( )
e 1 e 2
1) H=x[O Z) * 1
2) H @e[O a) * 2
3) x ^ ) * 3
4) _e[O _) * 4
1) 1a, 2, 3Z, 4_ 2) 1Z, 2, 3a, 4a
3) 1_, 2, 3Z, 4a 4) 1, 2Z, 3_, 4a
331. _| . _| . ~" ^O`O H~O D HOk ^ # =~ H=O J=~O_ ? ( )
e 1 e 2
1) = # ^ =O^ ^ Z) * 1
2) =H qxQO a) * 2
3) iH ^ Q=#O ) * 3
4) O^ =[O _) * 4
1) 1, 2a, 3_, 4Z 2) 1a, 2_, 3, 4Z
3) 1Z, 2a, 3, 4Z 4) 1_, 2a, 3, 4Z

328.(1) 329.(1) 330.(3) 331.(2)

81 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
332. = < *<\ ^O`O H~O HOk Ja=$k ^ # =~ H=O J=~O_ ? ( )
e 1 e 2
1) ==~OQO Z) * 1
2) "~OQO a) * 2
3) =#HiOQ ) * 3
_) * 4
1) 1, 2a, 3Z 2) 1a, 2a, 3
3) 1, 2Z, 3a 4) 1Z, 2, 3a
333. e 1 e 2 ( )
1) "^\ OK=~ }oH Z) =<a
2) 2= OK=~ }oH a) ~_ _=~
3) 4= OK=~ }oH ) =< =i ~^
1) 1_, 2Z, 3a 2) 1, 2a, 3_
3) 1a, 2Z, 3 4) 1a, 2a, 3
334. e 1 e 2 ( )
1) J"iH Z) q= PiH ==
2) ~ a) =^# PiH ==
3) WO_ ) ="^ PiH ==
1) 1a, 2Z, 3 2) 1, 2a, 3Z
3) 1a, 2, 3Z 4) 1Z, 2, 3a

332.(4) 333.(3) 334.(3)

82 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
Q}OHGO
PiH Q}OHGO
 Q}OH GO @ J< \< ^O , \ H J< [~< ^O , \ J< W\e< ^O #Oz
=zOk. nxH '~[O Jx J~O .
Q@
(HO^# H`)
 ^`OO JO`\ H ux^ O =OK XH XH q=# Q@ JO^~. Q@
< H O^# H`
JO^~.
 "`O ^`Ox XH q= =iOK@, ^`Ox i@ Q@ =Y H O.
 =Oz Q@ H} : O Q J~= "e. +O Q x~zOK|_e. Jx JO ux^ O =OKe.
O Q Q}# K @ gO_e. uK # ~ ` O LO_e. cr =# x|_e.
 Q@
~H : 1) Q}` Q@ : Z) JOH=^ =O, a) Q}=^ =O, ) ~=^=O
2) # Q@ : Z) =^ Q`O , a) HO
1) JOH=^ =O :
~ "`x ~ OYK y JOH=^ =O =K#.
~ "`O
JOH=^ =O x2 X 2 N +'n0x5.1d1..Xf...1+Nx2
---------------- +)1xX (
0=3=i = + xA ===2 ,1 X=
N ~
O Y
2 N + 1N N
5N N N

L^ : 10, 20, 30, 40, 50,


=HQ ` } JOH=^ =O qz# } Jqz# } JOH=^=O
fx fx
`H ^u AM = X=
N N
dx fdx fdx
^Q~ ^u X = A+ AM = A + X = A+
N N N
dx '
# qK# ^u X = A+ i
N

 L=_ JOH=^ =O :
A.M. H}
:
1) J JOH=^ =O #O_ f# qK< "`O # =#=Q#.

83 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
2) JOH=^ =O #O_ f# qK< =~ "`O Hx+O Q LO_#.
3) } u q= ~ OY# He<, f" < JOH=^ =xH _ J^ ~ OY# He ^
f"e.
Q} :
 PK~}
MuQOz# Q@ , Jx JO# P^~_ #. cr =# x|_`Ok. L=_
JOH=^ =x Q}O K=K.
:
 JO` q= =O Z=Q LO_#.
 q=$` `~Q ` Q}O K= .
 qs` J+= ^`O= JOH=^ == =Oz H=#O H^.
i` JOH=^ =O :
WX
Xw =
W
2. =^ Q`= :
 q[<x U q= ~ O_ =QQ ql O ^ J^ =^ Q`= .
N1 +) QN Q(
 =HQ` } =^ Q`x Q}O KO^fc ^2`O212x P~} ^ J=~} H=O "e.
1L 2L + 12L
 =^ Q`O # Q@ . ^~}OQ ^`fO= Wk =^ LO_#.
L^ : 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 =^ Q`O 40

 =HQ` } =^ Q`x = JO= ^~ Q} =.


 ^`O= iOY LO> =^ Q`O q= ^`O=x OY LO_^ .

 Jqz# } =^ Q`x Q}O KO^ = JOO ^~ =^ Q` `~Q ` # QiOz,

=^ Q`O (Median) Q}O KO^ J< `x "_`~.

 =^ Q`x, HO> Z=, HO> ` = J< Fl" =H~ Y ^~ _ K=K.


=^Q`O P^~_ #=< :
 K` ~O ^`Ox 4 =QQ ql OK#. JO> nx 3 K` ~O LO\~. <
=^ Q`O JO\~.
84 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
 OKO (Qu) ^`Ox 5 =QQ ql OK#. JO> 4 OKO LO\~.
 JO (O) ^`Ox 8 =QQ ql OK#. JO> 7 JO LO\~. O < =^ Q`O 4

JO\~.
 ^O (D) "`O ^`Ox 10 =QQ K O k. J#Q 9 ^O LO\~. 5= ^O=
=^ Q`O J=`Ok.
 `O= (P) "`O ^`Ox 100 =QQ K O k. J#Q ^`O= 99 `O LO\~.
P x =^ Q`O
50
JO\~.
[< :
 q=$` `~Q ` _ Q}O K=K. ~ M z`O ^~ _ Q}O K=K.
 qs` JO = q`O H^. Q}`H ^`OO _ L yOK=K.
:
 cr =# xH~^. L^ : L=_ =^ Q`x Q}O K= .
 Q}O K@_ P~} ^ J=~} H=O J=~e.
3. H= :
 "_ J< O z ^O #O_ \Ok. nxH + < Jx J~= .
0 f 1f
1L 2L ( + 1L = Z
 nxx "Z"` )z ~ . 2}f 0Uf q=
1f 2
Ju `~K Q =O ^ J^ HO .
L^ : 5, 8, 10, 8, 5, 8 8 H= .
 ^`O= ~ O_ q= Qi+O Q #~=$`O J~` ^x kHO JO\~.
 qz# } U K~tH Z^~Q L# ##O J`kHO Q LO@O^ J^ H= . Jqz#

} Hx Q}O KO^

 kHO =z#_ HO 3 (=^ Q`O ) 2 (JOH=^ =O)


 Hx Q", ## | l J< ~ Mz` ^~ Q}O K=K.
Q} :
 qs` JO =# =O H^. ~ M z`O ^~ _ Q}O K=K.
:
 cr =# xH~^. ^`OO XH\ HO> Z= H= LO_=K.

85 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
JOH=^ == =^ Q`= H =^ O|O^= :
 += ^`O= JOH=^ =O, =^ Q`O , H =#OQ LO_#.
 J+= ^`OO JOH=^ =O, =^ Q`O , HO =#OQ LO_=.
 H~
~< g\ =^ O|O^x Z = 3 Median 2 Mean Q =H i K#.
4. Q}=^ == :
 Q}=^=x, ~ O_ JO L#_ Square root ^~, =_ JO LO> Cube root ^~
Q} O.
 ~ O_ JO a, b Q q GM = ab
 ^`O=x U XH K~t '# J~# GM# Q}O K_O J^ O.
log x
 =HQ` } Q}=^=# `O GM = Anti log N

Q} :
 `, x+` Q}# L Q_ #.
 cr =# x|_#. L^ : L=_ Q}=^ =x Q}O K=K.

: N
1 = MH
 J~O K H#@, Q}O K@ H+O . x
 } U q= ''0 J~< ^ U q= J~< |}`HO J~# GM Q}O K= .
5. ~=^== :
 ^`O=x q= =`= JOH=^=xH Q =`=" ~=^==.
2ab
 a, b J< ~ O_ ~ L#_ ~=^ =O a + b

 =HQ` } ~=^ Q}#

Q} :
 AM, GM = Jx JO P^~_ #.
 H=, ~ @ Q}O K@_ L Q_ #.
86 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
:
1. J~O K H=_O, Q}O K_O H+O . z# q= JkH ^#` WK#.
2. ^< `H, |}`H q= ~ O_ L#C_ ^ 1 JO`HO > Z= q= ''0 L#_ Q}O K= .
Q@
=^ O|O^= :
1. ^`O=x K~~ "~ , "~ Q L#_ AM, GM, HM q= _ "~ "~ Q LO_#.
Q LO_#.
2. JO> HM HO> GM Z=Q LO_#. GM HO> AM Z=Q LO_#.
3. ^`O=x K~x =#OQ LO> AM, GM, HM =#OQ LO_#.
q~}
=<
 q~} =<# ~ O_= } Q@
JO\~.
 H O^# q=, ^`O=x J q= L# `_ `< H=#" q~}
=#=.
 H O^# H` H qh`# sHOKO^ Wk L Q_ #.
 q~ }
=< : Z) ", a) Q.D, ) AD or MD, _) SD, W) ~O* =H~ Y
1. " :
 ^`O=x Qi+, Hx+ q= ^ " ".
L^ : "~O ~A XH 0H9O=Mh0H6+1~ 0M
^5~ G2 ;SSDM ALq^O Q L<~.
200, 210, 208, 160, 220, 250 S+L
"
 " Q}Hx Q}O KO^ J< `x L y~ .
Q} :
 Jx q~}
=< O Q J~= k, Q}O KO^, ` = =O >k ".
:
 q=$` `~Q ` Q}O K= . O} "x `^ .
 Jx JO# fH^. JO` q= =O Z=.
L Q :
 +~ ^~ =~, "`=~}O JOK<, == Q}<}`# `<O^ L Q_ #.
2. K` ~O qK#= :
 } kQ= 25 JO ZQ= 25 JO =ke =^ L# 50 JO P^~OQ Q}O K^
K` ~O qK#=.

87 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
 ^= , `$f K` ~O =^ `_# K` ~O " ^ Inter - Quartile Range JO\~.
 Inter Quartile Range x Q Qx Semi - Iner Quartile Range Jx JO\~. nx< x Q<
K` ~O qK#O Jx ~ ># .
ZQ= K` ~OO kQ= K` ~OO
 K` ~O qK#=
2

 K` ~O qK# Q}Hx J< `O` Q} ~ .

Q} :
 q=$` `~Q ` _ nxx Q}O K=K.
 Z= "+ = O L# q[#O _ Q q~} # H=Q^.
D

 qs` JO =# q`O H^.


:
 "^\ 25 JO z=i 25 JO qiOK|_`<~.
 q~}
# U Q@
# fx Q}O K^ .
 cr =# x|_^ .
1Q| xd |3Q
3. =^ = qK#= : 1Q +
2N 3Q
 H O^# q= #Oz qq^ JO# f# qK< JOH=^ =" =^ = qK#=. n<
Q@
qK#O JO\~. (AD)
 MD x JOH=^ =O, =^ Q`O
, HO ^x#O_< Q}O K=K.
 MD Q}# qK< f#_ cr Q~ qi~ .

 =HQ` } MD Q}# `=
=^= qK#O
 =^ = qK# Q}H= -------------------------------
JOH=^ =O ^ =^ Q`O ^ HO
Q} :
 O Q J~O K H=K. Q}O K=K. U Q@
#O_< Q}O K=K.
 O} "x `e* #.
:
 Q~ qiOK#. H|\ cr =# xH~^.

88 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
 =lH "~ J^ < nxx J~^Q L y~
4. =}H qK#= ^ H= qK#= (SD)
 1893 H~
~< nxx " ># .
 q~ } =< Z=Q L yOKk. =Oz q~ } O_=# H} Hey L#k SD .
 JOH=^ =O #O_ f# qK< =~ JOH=^=O =~= x =}H qK#O JO\~.
nxx ` z~ .
 nxx root mean-square deviation Jx_ JO\~.
 ^`OO H =}H qK#O Z=Q LO> ^`O= qK~} Z=Q L#@.

 J JOH=^ =O #Oz =}H qK<x Q}

2
dx 2 dx
 TOz# JOH=^ =O #O_ SD x Q} =
N N
 JOH=^=O = ~ O_ ^ JO`HO > Z= Q L=_ =}H qK<x Q}O K=K.

 N [ OY =}H qK<x Q}
%xd
2 72.86 srevo
2 d1 X"
2 c 1 "

 )1
r
o( n (
JOH=^ =O #O_ fN# qK<N2=~ =
1 "`O Hx+OQ LO_#.
 SD is Independent of change of origin but not of scale
 =# =H~Y " x x~zOK@ SD x L y~ .

X 2 covers 95.45%
X 3 covers 99.73%
=}H qK#O
 =}H qK# Q}H=
JOH=^=O

=}H qK#O
 Q}H= (C.V.)
qK~} 100
JOH=^=O
 qK~}
Q}H= Z=Q LO> ~ ` O ` =Q L#@. qK~}
xH, ~ ` xH q= O|O^O
LO_#.
 MD c[Q}` Q~ qiOK|_#. Hh SD fH|_#.

89 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
 MD x U Q@ SD x JOH=^=O
#O_< Q}O K=K. ^~ =`" Q}O KQ O.
Q} :
 qK~} # Q}O K_xH "# H=#O. L=_ =}H qK<x Q}O K=K.
 "+ = = O|O^= ,uQ=#=, uK #= O\ Q}OH =# L y~ .
:
 Q}O K@ H+O qs` JO Z= ^#` W=|_#.
q~} =< =^ O|O^=:
 SD HO> MD ` =Q LO_#. MD HO> QD ` =Q LO_#. QD < MD <

 SD QD 2/3 =O` LO_#. (0.6745)

4
 SD MD 4/5 =O` LO_#. MD =
5
5. ~O* =H~Y
 P^ J=#` Q}O KO^ ~O* =H~Y# L y~ .
 nxx Oz` ` =H~ Y (Cumulative Percentage Curve) JO\~.
" + = =: Z X2
== PDKQS
 3Q`O , HO =#OQ LO_#. nxx ~ Mz`O K
+= ^`O= JOH=^=O, =^
QO\H~ ##~Y =K#. nx< =# ^ P^~ =H~Y JO\~.
 nx K` ~O =^Q`xH =# ^~O LO\~.
 =^ Q`O Q1 Q3 =^ Q`O
 J+= q[#O JOH=^ =O, =^Q`O , HO =#OQ LO_=. nxx ~ Mz`O K
U^ XH z=~ `H L#@ Hx O k.
 J+= q[#O ^< `HOQ Qx, |}`HOQ Qx LO_=K.
Z) JOH=^ =O > =^Q`O > HO ^< `H (^) _" "+ = O
a) JOH=^ =O < =^Q`O < HO |}`H (^) Z_=" "+ = O

 "+ = Q}Hx Q}O KO^ H~


~< L yOK `O

3(x Med)
 HO x~K#O iQ #_ SKP =

90 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
Q + Q1 2Q2
 "+ = Q}HO SK B = 3
Q3 Q1

P 2P + P
90 50 10
 H b "+ = Q}HO Z) ^`O P^~OQ P P
90 10

D 2+ D
9 1
 a)^O P^~OQ D D
9 1
H ^ ` O
 =# =H~ Y tY~O Z=Q H#^KO> ^xx Lepto Kurtic JO\~.
 =# =H~ Y tY~O Z= K^ #Q LO> ^xx Platy Kurtic JO\~.
 =# =H~ Y tY~O ^~}OQ LO> ^xx Meso Kurtic JO\~.
 2 q= 3 HO> Z=Q LO> Jk Lepto Kurtic Jh,
 q= 3 HO> ` =Q LO> ^xx Platy Kurtic Jx JO\~.
 =# =H~ Y q= 3 LO_#.
p OY
 Hs J< W@b ^ _ 1500 #Oz 1750 =~ ^~ x ~Q^# HeKO^ uOK#.
1P
 p OY# "^@ ^= q=xP =~ = 120P# H=_xH L yOK#.
0
 1838 'p ^~ J< ^x ~~ L yOK#.
 r"< pOY J< ^= # L yOK#.
 p OY# PiH ~q` (Economic Barometers) JO^~.
 XH == # xs` HO ^~ , P^~ HO Q ^~ Q x+ux H ^~ ^ ^~ p

JO^~.
 p OY x~}O L yOK Q@ Q}=^=O L`= "# Q@
.
 p OY x~}O L yOK P^~ O=`~O ^~} O=`~" LO_e.
 P^~ O=`~ x~ O ~ P^~ ^u Qx, Q P^~ ^u Qx fO\~.
 p OY x~}O J=OaOK ^` ~ O_.
Z) ~~ ` p,
a) i` p

91 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY

P1
 ~ ~`, =# q+ ^u p P01 = 100
P0

P
1 100
P
 ~ ` ` =# HH Q@
p P01 = 0
N
i` q+ p
Z) ~ p: P^~ O=`~ = i=}x (Q0) i`OQ fH<#.
P Q
P = 1 0 100
01 P Q
0 0
D p over estimate K , upward bias H ^if#.
a) j p ::=~= # O=`~ = i=}x (Q1) i`OQ fH<#.
P Q
P = 1 1 100
01 P Q
0 1
Wk Under estimate K downward bias H ^if#.
) _i+ ^u : P^~, =~= # ( ` ) O=`~ i=}# i`OQ fH<#.
~, j =# JOH=^=" gi `O
PQ PQ
1 0+ 1 1
L+P P Q P Q
P = = 0 0 0 1 100
01 2 2
_) +~ P^~p : + ~ p P^~ pQ =|_#.
 D p, p OY x~}O L`= "# GM ^~ Q}O K|_#.
 Wk ` , =i P^~ O=`~ i=}O# fHO@Ok.
 Wk Hi=~# , H~H i=~# sH # O`$ ~ K#.

92 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
 It is Free from bias
P Q
P = L P = 1 0 P1Q1 100
01 P Q P Q
0 0 0 1

 + ~ p ~, j Q}=^=O
W) =~ Z_=~ p: Wk_ ` , P^~ O=`~ i=}# i`OQ fOk.

P = 0 (
Q +Q P
1 1 100 )
(
01 Q + Q P
0 1 0 )
Z) Hb p : nxx Fixed weight Aggregative Index Method JO^~.
PQ
P01 = 1
100
P0Q

Q0 + Q1
nx Q = (nx ~ Hx H KOk#q. Yz`OQ P^~, =~= # O=`~ H"x ^ .)
2
i` HH Q@ p :
PV
P01 = P ^~ HH
V
Q1P1 = P PPWeights (P0Q0)
V=Value
1
= 1001Q 11100P
H i =~ # s H : 0Q0P 0P

 P^~ O=`~x ` O=`~x `~=~ K p OY #O> Jq XH^xHH\


=`=Q LO_e.

H~H i=~# sH : ^~ p, i=} p |O q=pH =#OQ LO_e.

 + ~ P^~ p Hi=~# , H~H i=~# sH# O`$ ~ K#.


~ ~ > x O`$ i K p
Z) =# q+ ^u .
a) Fixed weight Aggregative method (Hb ^u )

93 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
Circular Test = P01 P12 P20 = 1
x\ ># O`$ ~ K x p =# q+ ^u (i=}) =`" . qye# Jx ` nxx
O`$ ~ K#.
qxQ^~ ^~ p (S) : H =~~ r=# = p ^ i> ^~ p. Wq XH ` H
`~Q u /=~O H = = H#Q H x =~# `#.
 qxQ ^~ p 2 q^Q Q}O K=K.

Z) q+ = ^u /i` q+ ^u

PV
a) @O| |_\ ^u /i` H ^u CPI =
V

O |O^ O
 ~ O_ ^ JO`HO > Z= K~ =^ O|O^x `e^ O|O^O .
L^: H+ _ K^= _xH, q[^# O|O^O LOk.
 O|O^O J<k K~ =^ O|O^ ~x `#. JO`Hx H~}Oe ` O|O^x
`^ .
 ~ O_ K~ XH kQ =i` (L^: ~O iy` O@ kQ|_ ~Q#) Jk ^< `H
O|O^O QP
001 0 1 = IPC
 :^~
~ O_ K~ =u~H k x0Q 0P(L^ iQ Hn _=O_ `Q # .) ^xx ~}`H
O|O^O JO^~.
 ~ O_ K~ =^ O|O^x ije Jk =# O|O^O .
 ~ O_ HO> Z= K~ =^ O|O^x `ek | O|O^O .
 ~ O_HO> Z= K~# QiOz#\H, qye# K~ ~ = x " =K, ~ O_ K~
=^ O|O^x ije ^xx HH O|O^O JO^~.
 ~ O_ K~ =^ =~ us ~ x+u LO> Jk ~ ~ Y O|O^O .
 ~ O_ K~ =^ =~ us ~ x+u x _ Jk =H ~ v O|O^O .
 O|O^x Q}O K ^` :Z) "#@O a) O|O^ ~ M z`O ) H~ ~<
O|O^ Q}HO _) ~=< H\ O|O^ Q}HO W) ~ qK# ^u
 "# @O aO^= H=O T~ kQ J#Q Z_= #Oz _" H ` Jk ^< `H
O|O^O .
 "# @O aO^= H=O J^ kQ J#Q Z_= #O_ _H ky` Jk ~}`H O|O^O .
 "# @O aO^= ZO\ aO^ H=x KH ` O|O^O #@.
 O|O^ ~ Mz`O QiOK|_ ~ Y XH k =O`~O Q x K< =^ ^< `H
O|O^O LO^x, =u~H k x |}`H O|O^O LO^x J~O .

94 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY
 O|O^x OM~O `eO^ Z=Q "_H L# ^u H~
~< O|O^

Q}HO
 O|O^ Q}HO Z_ 1 J< ~ O_ J=^ =^ LO@Ok.
 ~ O_ KOH =^ O~ ^# O|O^O L#_ O|O^ Q}HO q= {1
O~ |} O|O^O L#_ O|O^ Q}HO q= 1
 O|O^ Q}HO < J~` KOH =^ O|O^O #@
 H~
~< Q}# JOH=^=x, =}H qK<x L yOK@= Wk O`$H ~ " # Q}#
 O|O^ Q}HO , =O =~ q`O H^.
 Q}`H JO (JO^KO ^, hux*~f, ^#^~ , `eq`@) q+ O O|O^x

x~~ OKO^ 1904 ~=< H\ O|O^ Q}H ^u x H#H<_.


 qK<# JOH=^=O #Oz HH, ^`OOx =O^ JOO #Oz QiOz, "x =^ O|O^x

`ek ~ qK# ^u
 O|O^ x~~} r2
ND
2
6yCd2xd = r
1 = C
R
)1 NNy(Nx N
2

95 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY

Q 3Q xdS
L
1
= D.Q=
2 S+L
N

q~}=< :
1. " L S
" Q}HO

2.
Q3 Q1
Q.D Q}HO Q.D =
Q3 + Q1

f dx
3. =^= qK#O , qz#, Jqz# } =
N
=^qH qK#O MD
=^qH qK# Q}HO =
Q@ x m ed Z
4. =}H qK#O
96 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
z~Orq
ECONOMY
(x x )
2
dx 2
J JOH=^=O #Oz = ^
N N
2
dx 2 dx
TOz# JOH=^=O #Oz =
N N

qz#, Jqz# } # qK# ^u


 Q}HO ( CV ) =
qK~} 100
X

N1 12 + N 2 22 + N1d12 + N 2 d 22
 L=_ =}H qK#O 1,2 = N1 + N 2

X Z 3 ( X Median )
 ~< "+ = Q}HO SK P =
H~ ^

Q3 + Q1 2Q2
 "+ = Q}HO SK B =
Q3 Q1
p OY :
2
' xdf ' xdf
2
P1
Z) ~~ ` pC =#= q+ P01 = 100
N Z) N p P0

P
1 100
P
a) =# H H Q@
p P01 = 0
N
PQ
a) i` p Z) ~ P01 = 1 0
100
P0Q0

PQ
a) j P01 = 1 1
100
P0Q1

PQ
1 0 PQ
+ 1 1
) _i+ L+P PQ PQ
P01 = formulae 0 0 0 1
100
2 2

97 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY

PQ PQ
_) + ~ P^~ p P01 = L P = P Q P Q 100
1 0 1 1

0 0 0 1

P1 ( Q0 + Q1 )
P01 = 100
W) =~ Z_=~ p P0 ( Q 0 +Q1 )

PQ
Z) H b p P01 = 1
100
P0Q

qxQ^~ ^~ p :
PQ
Z) q+ = ^u
1 0
100
P0Q0

PV
a) @O| |_\ ^u = ^
V
sH : Hi=~# sH P01x P10=1

H~H i=~# sH P01x Q01


2
d 6 1QW1PI
-1 = r
~ ~ > P)101-x2 PN12( xNP020
QW 0P
=1

dx dy
~< O|O^ Q}HO r = N. .
O|O^O : H~
x y

~=< H\ O|O^ Q}HO

 Co-efficient of Determination = r2
Explained variance
r2 =
Total variance

 Co-efficient of Non-Determination = K2 = 1 - r2

98 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


z~Orq
ECONOMY

KEY POINTS

 =^Q`O , HO J<q # Q@

 JOH=^==, Q}=^==, ~=^== J<q Q}` Q@

 JOH=^=O #O_ f# qK< "`O ''0
 =^Q`x ~ M z`O ^~ KOK q^#O Fl" =H~ Y
 |Hx ~ M z`O KOK q^#O Q" =i
# # | l
 Q2, O4, D5, P50 =~~, =^Q`O
 ^`OO Z=~ #~=$`" # q= H=
 } =^ L# q= =^Q`O
 ~ "`x ~ OYK y =K q= JOH=^=O
 } U XH q= ''0 J~< Q}O K g Hxk Uk? Q} =^==
 ^`O=x q= =` = JOH=^=xH Q =` =" ~=^==
 ^`O=x Jx K~# P^~_ q
cr =#x|_ Q@
Q}` Q@

 qs` JO = q`O Hx Q@
#Q@

 q=$` J=^ _ Q}O KO^ L Q_ k
Q}`H ^`Ox `H=_xH L Q_ Q@
=^Q`=
 ~ Mz`O ^~ _ Q}O KO^ g# Q@
#Q@

 J`kH, J` q= `_ "
 J~K ` ~OH "H =~H ~ K` ~OH qK#=
 cr =# x|_x q~ }
=< ", Q.D & M.D
 ~ O_= } Q@
Q =|_ =< q~}=<

z~Orq 99 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
 H O^ # q= #Oz f# qK< JOH=^=" M.D (=^= qK#=)

 =}H qK<x " \#k H~ ~<


 ''JOH=^=O #Oz f# qK<, =~ JOH=^=O
=~=" =}H qK#=
 JOH=^=O =^Q`O HO += ^`OO
 JOH=^=O > =^Q`O > HO ^< `H "+ = O
 JOH=^=O < =^Q`O < HO |}`H "+ = O
 P^ J=#`# `e ~ Y ~O* =H~ Y
 P^~ O=`~O = i=}x iO`Q fx px Q}O z#k ~
 =~= # O=`~ i=}x i`OQ fx px Q}O z#k j
 ~, j Q}=^=O P^~OQ px ~OkOz#k + ~
 Hi=~# , H~H i=~# sH # O`$ i z# P^~ p + ~ P^~ p
 =_ ^ JO`HO > Z= K~ =^ O|O^x zOKk | O|O^O
 ~ O_ K~ =^ O|O^x zOKk =# O|O^O
 =_ K~ HO> Z= QiOz#\H qye# "\x ~ O Q
L<x qOz ~ O_ K~ =^ O|O^x ijeOKk HH O|O^=
 H~
~< O|O^ Q}H= 1 =^ LO_#.
 Q}`H ~ =^ O|O^x `ek ~=< H\
O|O^O

 165 ^ Economic Freedon Index # Q}O KQ ~`^ O 115 ~O#, K< 126= ~O#
O^#.
 200405NSSO "~ K iOz# x"kH ~`^ O =~ 20% [ ~A XHH~ 14
~ HO> ` =Q =OK < ~.
 Qg} O` <i `i qxQ =O 200405 ~. 559 HQ, @}
O`
~. 1,052Q LOk.
 Back wash =O# Q<~ q~ " >#.

z~Orq 100 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY

a\ OH (One word questions)


1. Q}OH x U ~` ~ ?
[. ~A G= ^ ~*OQ G=
2. Q}OHG `=_?
[. P~.Z.+ ~
3. Q}OHGO U ^ #O_ Pq~q Oz#k?
[. \< +x @ (Status)
[~h +x @H (Statistica)
W\e< +x @ (Statusta)
D ^ J~= ~[= (State)
4. ''^ [ u Q` O|OkOz# =sH$ ` =K~x JOH#, \ H # O^iz K^
Q}OHG=.
[. "~ (Webster)
5. ''Q}OH x Q@ GOQ =iOz#k?
[.
6. ''Q}OHGO JO> OY, ^`O H~} , =~}, q+ }
, q=~} Jx x~zOz#k?
[. HH@< =i H_<
7. Z= OY L# ^`Ox kOz "`O ^`OO JO`\ H ux^ O =OK XH XH q=#
D q^O Q ~ ?
[. Q@
8. Q@ =~H~?
[. H O^# H`
9. =Oz Q@ H}

[. Z. +OQ x~zOK|_e a. "`O ^`OxH ux^ O =OKe . O Q J~O H"e
_. O Q Q}#K _xH gO_e W. uK # =~ ` =Q q`O H"e.
10. Q@ Zx ~H?
[. 1. #Q@ 2. Q}` Q@
.

z~Orq 101 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
11. Q}` Q@
Uq?
[. JOH=^ == (A.M ^ Mean); ~=^== (H.M); Q}=^==(GM)
12. # Q@ Uq?
[. 1. =^Q`= , 2. H=
13. Q@
Mu QOz# Q@ Uq?
[. 1. JOH=^==, 2. =^Q`O , 3. HO
JOH=^==
14. JOH=^== (AM) # =~H~?
[. Q@ ^ =^== (Mean)
15. } JO "`x JO OY` y =K q= Uk?
[. JOH=^==
16. JOH=^== Zx ~H?
[. 2. Z. =# JOH=^==, a. i` JOH=^==
17. Z=Q L yOK|_k, "`O ^`OxH ux^ O =OK Q@ Uk?
[. JOH=^==.
18. =HQ` } JOH=^=x54xUd 0q^
2x+
f5O
1Q+X0Q1} ~ ?
51= = + A==NX
[. JO "`x JO OYK3 NyOKe. N3

~ "`O
X = AM = =
~ OY
19. 10, 15, 20 JOH=^== ZO`?
[.
20. ##= W=|_x }x U=x ~ ?
[. =HQ` }
21. =HQ` } ^Q~ ^u JOH=^=x Q}O KO^ L yOK `O?
[.
TOz# JOH=^=, dx qK< "`O , N JO OY
A

22. qz# } K~t`@ ##O _ LO@Ok. nx JOH=^ Q}# L yOK `O


[. Z. `H ^u

z~Orq 102 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
fdx
a. ^Q~ ^u X =A+
N
23. Jqz# } # qK# ^u JOH=^=x Q}O KO^ `O?
[. fdx ' i= `~Q u JO`~=
X =A+ i
N

24. "^\ `~Q u kQ= J=k, z=i `~Q u ZQ= J=k x ^`Ox U=O^~?
[. q=$` ^`O=
25. L=_ JOH=^ Q}#L yOK `O?
N X1 + N2 X2
[. X = 1
1,2 N1 + N2

26. i` JOH=^ Q}# L yOK `O


WX
[. X = WX q=# "\ ~=` Q}OKQ =z# OH#=
w W

W ~ "`O
27. JOH=^=O #O_ f# qK< "`O ...................H =#O JQ#.
[. # ''0
28. XH } u q= XH ~ OY#He# JOH=^== =#OQ LO_O> ...
[. J^ ~ OY# ~ JOH=^=xHH e.
29. i` =#OQ LO> =# JOH=^==, i` JOH=^== =^ O|O^O U q^O Q
LO@Ok?
[. =# JOH=^== i` JOH=^==
30. J`kH q= Q JO JkH ~=, J` q= Q JO ` = ~O Wz#_
=#, i` JOH=^= =^ O|O^O U q^O Q LO@Ok?
[. =# JOH=^==, i` JOH=^==HO> ` =Q LO_#.
31. cr =# x|_k, } f JOO P^~_ k O Q Q}O KQe Q k, J~# Q@
?
[. JOH=^==
32. p OYx~}O U JOH=^=x L yO?
[. i` JOH=^==
33. q=$` ^`OO Q}O K_xH gx Q@ ?
[. JOH=^== (Jx Q}` Q@ )

z~Orq 103 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
34. ^`OO Wz# JO =Mx |\ ~# Wz Q}O K JOH=^=O ~ q\?
[. i` JOH=^==
=^Q`= :
35. } x =^ q=# `e Q@ Uk?
[. =^ Q`=
36. ''q[ <x U q= ~ O_ =QQ qyO ^ ^x< =^Q`O JO\~ Jx =^Q`x
x~zOz#k?
[. HH@< H_<
37. U Q@ Q}# ^`Ox, P~} ^ J=~} H=O J=~e?
[. =^Q`O
38. =HQ` } =^Q` Q}# L yOK `O
N +1
[. 2
= JO= N JO= OY
39. } Q q= <x |\x ~~ OK|_ Q@ # U=O\~?
[. # Q@ (=^Q`O # NQ> )
fc 2
1L Q
40. JqK# } =^ 2L `x Qf}O +K1OL^=)dL
em (
yOK `O?

[. =^Q`O
41. =^Q`O P^~_ # W`~ #=< Uq?
[. K` ~O, OKO, JO, ^O, `O
42. K` ~Ox 4 =# QQ ql OK ^xx U=O\~?
[. K` ~O ( 3 K` ~O LO\~)
43. Q , Q , Q q~}
1 2 3

[. Q kQ= K` ~O=, Q =^Q`=
1 2
, Q ZQ= K` ~O=
3

44. ^`Ox 5 =QQ ql OK #=#O Uk?


[. OKO. (nx 4 OK JO LO\~. Qu , Qu , Qu , Qu )
1 2 3 4

45. ^`Ox 8 =# QQ ql OK #=#O Uk?


[. JO= (nx 7 JO LO\~. O , O , O , O , O , O , O )
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

z~Orq 104 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
46. O2 J#Q?
[. "^\ K` ~O=
47. O J#Q?
4

[. =^Q`O
48. O J#Q?
6

[. 3= K` ~O=
49. ^`Ox 10 =# QQ ql OK #=#O Uk?
[. ^O=. (nx 9 ^O LO\~. D , D .... D )1 2 9

50. 5= ^Ox U=O\~?


[. =^Q`O
51. ^`Ox 100 =# QQ ql OK #=#O Uk?
[. `O (99 `O LO\~. P , P , P , ....P )
1 2 3 99

52. P #U=O^~?
50

[. =^Q`O
53. P #U=O^~?
25

[. kQ= K` ~O=
54. P # U=O\~?
75

[. ZQ= K` ~O=
55. Oz` ## =H ~ Y# (Fl" ~ Y) U Q@ # Q}O KO^ L y~ ?
[. =^Q`O
56. q=$`, J=^ # `~Q ` Wz#\H Q}O KO^ g# Q@
?
[. =^Q`O
57. qs` JOK q`=Hx, Q}`H ^`Ox _ Q}O KO^ g# Q@ ?
[. =^Q`O
H= (MODE) :
58. H= U ^O #O_ L^q Oz#k?
[. "_ J< O z ^O (nx J~O + < )
59. ''} L# JO U q= Ju `~K Q =O ^ P q=< H= JO\~ Jx Hx
x~zOz#k?
[. l[H

z~Orq 105 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
60. ^`O= U q= Z=~ #~=$`O JQ< P q=...
[. H=
61. 450, 300, 450, 200, 450, 100 HO ?
[. 450 (Wk 3 ~ #~=$`O J~Ok)
62. qz# ## q[#O Hx Z Q} ~ ?
[. U K~tH Z^~Q J`kH" # ##O LO@O^ P K~ HO .
63. Jqz# } Hx Q}O KO^ L yOK `O?

[. HO (Z) =
64. kHO L#_ HO Q}# L yOK `O?
[. Z = 3 =^Q`O 2 JOH=^=O
65. Hx U~Mz`O ^~ Q} ~ ?
[. (Z) # z`= (Q"), (a) ## | l
66. =^Q`O , HO Q}# H#|_
[. (Z) Wq ^`OOx Jx JO P^~_ =
(a) D ~ O_ cr) L =# 0fxxg1Hof~l =+goLl
1 2 L( 1
f f N1f2
67. =^Q`O , HO H#_2 0Q}?
[. Z. qs` JO =# q`O H=
a. ~ O_O\x ~ Mz`O ^~ KOK=K.
Q}=^== :
68. A, B ~ O_ JO J~` D ~ O_O\ Q}=^== ....
[. GM = ab
69. O=~= < ^~ Q}=^ Q}# L yOK `O ...

[. GM = Anti

70. qz# } GM Q}#L yOK `O ....


f log x
GM = Anti log
[. N

z~Orq 106 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
71. i` Q}=^ =x Q}O KO^ L yOK `O?
log x.w
[. GM W = Anti log
w

72. `, x+` ,p OY Q}#K _O Z=Q L Q_ Q @


?
[. Q}=^==
73. ^`O= U JO" < ''0 Qx, |}`HO () Qx J~`...
[. Q}=^=x Q}O K= .
~=^==
74. ^`O=x q=, =` == JOH=^xH Q =` =x U=O^~?
[. ~=^==
75. ~=^ Q}# ~ O_ K~#_ L yOK Q}H=?

[. ~=^==

76. ~ O_ HO> Z= JO L#_ ~=^ Q}# L yOK `=?


ba2
b + a = ).M.H(
N
= ).M.H(
1x
[. ~=^==

77. Q}` Q@
=_O\# H#|_ Q}?
[. Z. Wq ^`O=x u JOO# P^~_ #.
a. Wq cr =# J#=Q LO_#.
78. } ^< `H =i |}`H q= L#_ ~=^=x...
[. Q}O K= .
79. += ^`O=Q@
=^ O|O^= ?
[. JOH=^== =^Q`= H=
80. J+= ^`O= Q@
=^ O|O^= ?
[. H= 3 =^Q`O 2 JOH=^=O

z~Orq 107 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
q~} =<
81. H O^# q=, ^`O=x J q= =^ Q `_# `H< H=<# U=O\~?
[. q~ }
=#= (Dispersion)
82. q~ } =< =~H ~?
[. ~ O_=} Q@
83. H O^ # H` q=h`# sHOK_xH L Q_ k ?
[. q~}=<.
84. qq^ q~ }
=< Uq?
[. Z) ", a) K` ~O qK#=, ) =^= qK#=, _) =}H qK#=
W) ~O* =H~ Y, (~M z`O ^~ Q}O Kk)
" (Range) :
85. ^`OOx Hx+, Qi+ q= =^ ^ x U=O^~?
[. "
86. XH "~O 10 Q= |OQ~O J`kH^ ~ ~. 12,000 Q#, J` ^~ ~. 10,500 Q#
#"^ J~` |OQ~O ^~ x " ZO`?
[. ~. 1500
87. "x Q}O KO^ L yOK `O?
[. J`kH q= J` q= (R = L S)
88. " Q}HxH L yOK=# `O?
[. L S J`kH q= J` q=
---- = ----------------------------
L+S J`kH q= { J` q=
89. JO` q= =O Z=Q LO_ q~ } =#O Uk?
[. "
90. "`=~} K##, H ZHO* "\ ^~ =~# zOKO^, = <}`#x~~ OK
Q} xO`}# L yOK q~ } =#O?
[. "
K`~O qK#=
91. K` ~O qK<xH P ~# \# k?
[. ~ x Q<
z~Orq 108 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
ECONOMY
92. ^`O= kQ= 25 JO, ZQ= 25 JO =ke =^ L# 50 JO P^~OQ Q}O K
q~}=#=?
[. K` ~O qK#=
93. ^= , `$f K` ~O =^ L# `_# U=O\~?
[. K` ~OH " (^) Inter Quartile Range
94. Inter Quartile Range # Uq^O Q K=K#.
[. Q Q 3 1

95. Inter Quartile Range x Q Qx U=O\~?


[. J~ K` ~OH " (Semi Inter Quartile Range)
96. Semi Inter Quartile Range# U q^O Q K`~?
[.
97. J~ K` ~OH "H ~ x Q< \# ~?
[. K` ~O qK#=
98. K` ~O qK# Q}Hx U q^O Q K`~?
[. Q Q 3 1
ZQ= K` ~OQ=Q kQ= K` ~O=
1 3
=
2
Q3 + Q1 ZQ= K` ~O= { kQ= K` ~O=
99. K` ~O qK# Q}H=J<k U ~H" # q~} =#=?
[. H q~} =#=
100. K` ~O qK<x Q}O K@_ JO# P~} H=O "_xH QH~}=?
[. Q.D _ #=#=O\^. (K` ~O qK#=)

101. q=$` `~Q ` U q~} =<x Q}O K=K?


[. K` ~O qK#=
102. Q@
K@ L# q~} # `x q~} =< Uq?
[. " K` ~OH qK#=
103. ^`O=x Jx JO# fHO_ Q}O K|_ q~ } =<?
[. " K` ~O qK#=
104. `O "x U q^O Q Q} ~ ?
[. P P
90 10
P 90= `O=
90

P 10= `O=
10

z~Orq 109 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY

=
=^^qH qK#= :
105. H O^# q= #Oz qq^ JO#f# qK< JOH=^ =x U=O\~?
[. =^ qH qK#=
106. JOH=^ ==, =^ Q`= ,H= U Q@ #Oz J~< Q}O K_xH gO_ q~ } =#=?
[. =^ qH qK#=
107. Q@ #Oz f# qK< cr Q~ # qiOz xiOK q~ } =#O?
[. =^ qH qK#=
108. JOH=^ =O #O_ f# qK< "`O ^xH =#OQ LO@Ok?
[. ''0 (#)
109. Q~ # qiOz, Q@ #Oz qq^ JO# f# qK< JOH=^ =x U=O^~?
[. =^ qH qK#=
110. =^ qH qK<xH =~H ~?
[. Q@ qK#=
111. =HQ` } =^ qH qK# Q}# L yOK `O?
ldxl
[. N
112. =^ qH qK<x Q@ ` yOz# Z_X nxx O^=K?
[. =^ qH qK# Q}H=
113. =^ qH qK# Q}HxH L yOK `O?
[. =^ qH qK#=
MD =
(^) =^ Q`= (^) H=
114. =^ qH qK#= H=Y"# O?
[. cr z =ke@@, cr =# L Q_ ^
=}
=}H qK#= / H = qK#=
115. 1893 =}H qK<x " \# k?
[. H~ ~<
116. q~} =< JkHO Q L yOKk Ju O`$H ~ " # q~}
=#O Uk?
[. =}H qK#O
117. JOH=^ ==#O_ f# qK<, =~, JOH=^ == =~= x D q^O Q ~ ?
[. =}H qK#O

z~Orq 110 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
118. =}H qK<xH =~H ~?
[. ==^= =~ qK#= (^) =^ =~ qK# =O (Root - Mean Square deviation)
119. Z _ JOH=^== #Oz =`" O^Qe Q q~} =#=?
[. =}H qK#=
120. =HQ` } , ` H ^u =}H qK# Q}# `O?

[. ( = =}H qK<xH Q~)


121. =HQ` } ^Q~ ^u =}H qK# Q}#`O?

[.

122. =}H qK# H =<x U=O\~?


[. =}H qK# Q}H=.
123. =}H qK# Q}Hx 100 K z =Kk?
[. qK~} Q}HO (Co-efficient of variation)
=}H qK#=
CV = 100
x d x d%
2 JOH=^e
2 2i.r8a6v= l=2
cxnd7a
2== x
= ===D DS

124. A, B J< 2K~N A HNO>NB K~t qK~} Q}HO ` =Q LO> ~ ` O Uq^O Q LO_#?
[. B ~ ` O Z=Q LO_#.
Q=xH : qK~} Q}HxH,~ ` xH q= O|O^O LO_#. qK~} O iQHn ~ ` O `Q # .
125. =}H qK# =~x U=O\~?
[. q $u (Variance). Variance =

126. U Q@ #O_ f# qK< =~ Hx+OQ LO_#?


[. JOH=^==
127. XH =# =H ~ Y JOH=^xH XH =}H qK<x Ki` P ~ Y q~ = Q JO
[.
128. XH =# =H ~ Y JOH=^xH 2 =}H qK<e Ki` P ~ Y q~ = Q JO
[. x 2= 95.45%
129. XH =# =H~Y JOH=^xH 3 =}H qK<e Ki` P ~ Y q~ = Q JO
[. x 3=99.73%

z~Orq 111 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
130. K` ~O qK#=, =}H qK#= Z#= =O`Q LO@Ok?
[. 2/3 =O` (0.6745)
131. ~ O_ ^ JO`HO > Z= Q =}H qK<x H Q_` ^x U q^O Q ~ ?
[. L=_ =}H qK#=
132. L=_ =}H qK# Q}#L yOK `O

[.

133. =^qH qK#O, =}H qK#O Z#= =O` LO@Ok?


[. =~ 4/5 =O` (0.7979)
~O* =H~Y :
134. q~}
# ~ M`HOQ J^ #O K _xH L Q _ =H~Y?
[. ~O* =H~ Y
135. ~O* =H~ Y Z=i ~` =__ LOk?
[. =H F.~O*
136. ~O* "^\ Q ~O* =H~Y# U O} q=~# `eO^ L yOK#?
[. O^ 2P^ =
d N + 2 d1N + 2 2 N + 21N
137. 2 2
Oz` ` =H1 2
~ Y Jx
2 N + 1N
) 2,1 ( Percent curve)
^xH1~? =(Cumulative
[. ~O* =H~ Y
138. =q[# ~ Y, ~O* =H~Y ^~O iQHn
[. q~}
JO` Z=Q L#^x J~= .
139. yh Q}Hx Q}O KO^ L yOK `O?
x
[. yh Q}H= x+y

Q=xH : ~O* =H~Y, =O} ~ Y =^ LO_ O`x X Q#, ~O* ~ Y kQ=#


LO_ O`x y Q# Qi~ .
"+== :
140. ^`O= Q@ W~" =#OQ qiOz LO> ^xx U~H" # ^`O=JO\~?
[. += ^`O= JO\~.
141. XH q[#= +=OQ #_ ^xx U=x ~ ?
[. J+= q[#=/ "+ = O

z~Orq 112 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
142. += q[#= Q@ =^ O|O^O U q^O Q LO@Ok?
[. JOH=^=O =^Q`O HO
143. += ^`Ox ~ Mz`O K U PH~O =O k?
[. 'O~ QO@ PH~O
144. += q[# =H~Y# U=x ~ ?
[. =# =H~Y ^ P^~ =H~Y
145. JOH=^=O, =^Q`O , H `_ L#_ P q[<x U=O\~?
[. "+ = q[#=
146. "+ = q[#O ~ Y U q^O Q LO@Ok?
[. ~ Y U^ XH z=~ >~ (`H) H#|_`Ok.
147. JOH=^=O q=, =^Q`O , HO HO>Z=Q LO> U ~H" # "+ = =?
[. ^< `H "+ = = (^) _" "+ = = JO\~. (nxH `H _" LO_#)
148. HO q= =^Q`O , JOH=^=O HO> Z=Q LO> U ~H" # "+ = =?
[. |}`H "+ = O (^) Z_=" "+ = O (WH_ `H Z_=" LO@Ok)
149. JOH=^=O > =^Q`= > HO J<k ^xx `#?
[. ^< `H "+ = =
150. JOH=^=O < =^Q`= < HO ^xx `#?
[. |}`H "+ = =.
151. Q@ P^~OQ K |_ "+ = x U=O\~?
[. ^= "+ = =< JO\~.
152. K` ~O P^~OQ K |_ "+ = =<# U=O^~?
[. kf "+ = =#=
153. JOH=^==, H =^ ^~O P^~OQ K |_# H~ ~< "+ = Q}HO Uk?
JOH=^=O HO
[. H~ ~< "+ = Q}HO (SK )
p
=}H qK#O
154. HO x~K#O iQ #_ L yOK H~ ~< `O Uk?
[. 3 JOH=^=O 3 =^Q`=
=}H qK#=

z~Orq 113 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
155. JOH=^=O 120, =^Q`O 115, =}H qK#O 10 J~#K SK ZO`? p

3 120 3 115 15
= =1.5(or)
10 10
[. 3(120 115) 15
= =1.5
10 10

156. += q[#O K` ~O =^ O|O^O U q^O Q LO@Ok?


[. kQ=, ZQ= K` ~O =^Q`xH =# ^~O LO\~.
157. "+ = Q}HxHL yOK `O?
Q + Q1 2Q 2
[. SK B = 3
Q3 Q1

158. += =H~ Y H#`e L#^? K^ #Q L#^? Jx `e* H}


x U=O^~?
[. H^`O
pOY
159. qq^* ` KOk# 2 }# _xH L yOK ` H Q@ # U=O^~?
[. pOY
160. "@" ^\ pOY Q}O KO^ uOz#"_?
[. W@b ^_# ''Hs
161. "^\ iQ pOY# "\ x HeKO^ L yOzi?
[. ^= q=x =~
162. 1838 p^~ J< ^x L yOz#k?
[. ~~
163. pOY J< ^x L yOz#k?
[. r"<
164. PiH ~q` (Economic Barometers) Jx "\ x ~ ?
[. p OY
165. XH xs` HO Q = ^~ , P^~ O=`~O Q = ^~ Q x+ux U=O^~?
P1
[. H ^~ p P01 =
P0

166. ` O=`~ i=}xH, P^~ O=`~ i=}xH Q x+ux U=O^~?


Q1
[. H i=} p Q01 =
Q0

z~Orq 114 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
167. p OY x~}O L`= "# Q@ Uk?
[. Q}=^==
168. pOY x~} ^` # Zx ~HQ ql OK=K#?
[. 2. 1) ~~ ` p 2) i` p
169. ~~ ` px =~ Zx ~HQ ql OK=K?
[. 2. 1) =# q+ ^ u 2) =# HH Q@ ^u .
170. =# q+ ^u px Q}O KO^ L yOK `O?
P
[. P01 = 1 100
P0

171. =# HH Q@
^u px Q}O K `O
P
1 100
P
[. P01 = 0
N
172. i` pOY# Zx ~HQ =sHi ~ ?
[. 2. 1) i` q+ p 2) i` HH Q@ ^u
0QO1PQ f
173. P^~ O=`~O i=}x001i` = Px px ~OkOz# Q}OH"`
?
10
0Q0P
[. ~
174. =~= # O=`~O i=}# i`OQ fx px ~OkOz# Q}OH=`?
P1Q1
[. j P01 = 100
P0Q1

175. ~, j =# JOH=^=" Z=i pOYQ =|_`Ok?


L+P
[. _i P01 =
2
176. + ~ p OY ~, j U Q@ Q ==K?
[. Q}=^=O
177. + ~ px P^~ pQ =_xH H~}O?
[. Wk H i=~# , H~H i=~# sH # O`$ ~ K#.
Q@ L`= "# Q}=^=O P^~OQ Q}O K|_#.
` , P^~ O=`~ i=}# i`OQ fO@Ok.
Jx~H H `^~OQ LO_# (It is free from bias)

z~Orq 115 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
178. + ~ P^~ p `" k?
P1Q0 P1Q1
[. P01 = 100
P0 Q0 P0 Q1

179. ''P^~ O=`~x ` O=`~x `~=~ K p OY H#HO> Jq XH^xHH\


=` =Q LO_e J< x=O U sH# `#.
[. Hi=~# sH
180. P X P = 1 J< `O U sH KOk#k?
01 10

[. Hi=~# sH
181. '^~ p, i=} p |O q=x =~ =#O J< x=O U sH O|OkOz#k?
[. H~H i=~# sH.
182. H~H i=~# sH# K ` x=O Uk?
P1Q1
[. P01 X Q01 = P Q
0 0

183. ~ ~ >x O`$ iK `O Uk?


[. =# q+ ^u (~~ `) =i ~ i` q+ ^u
184. ~ ~ ># zOK x=O Uk?
[. P10 X P12 X P20 = 1
W
VPP

185. =~ Z_=~ p OY000011`WV" k?==1100P
P1 (Q0 + Q1 )
[. P01 = 100 (Wk_ ` , P^~ O=`~ i=}# fH<#)
P0 (Q0 + Q1 )

186. p OY x~}xH H b zOz# `O Uk?


P1Q Q0 + Q1
[. P01 = 100 Q =
P0Q 2

187. H b p x~} ^u H =~H ~?


[. ~i` q+ ^u.
188. i` HH Q@ ^u p x~}xH L yOK `O?
P1
[. P = ^~
HH P0

^ W = Value of weights (P0 Q0)

189. r=# = pH =~H~?


[. r=# ^~ p (^) qxQ^~x ^~ p

z~Orq 116 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
190. r=# = px xiOK ^` Uq?
2... 1. q+ = ^u
2. @O| |_\ ^ u
191. q+ = ^u r=#= p Q}O KO^ L yOK `O Uk?
P1Q0
[. P01 =
P0 Q0

192. @O| |_\ ^u r=#= p Q}O KO^ L yOK `O Uk?


PV
[. P01 =
V

193. 2 > 3 J~` P =H~Y U H ^` O Hey LO_#.


[. Lepto Kurtic

194. J~` P =H~Y U ~H" # H ^` O Hey LO_#?


[. Meso Kurtic

O|O^O
195. ~ O_ ^ JO`HO > Z= K~ =^ O|O^x `e Q}OH ^< x U=O\~?
[. O|O^O . L^ : = Z` ,|~3=
O|O^O LO@Ok.
= 2
196. ^< `H, |}`H O|O^O # ^x P^~OQ ql O|_#?
[. K~ =~ k# |\
197. ~ O_ K ~ XH kQ x P ~H" # O|O^x U=O\~?
[. ^< `H O|O^= . L^ : ^~ iy` _ ~Q@.
198. ~ O_ K~ XH^xH XH\ =u~H k x ( XH K~~ t iy` ~ O_k `Q @ ) Jk U
~H"#O|O^=?
[. |}`H O|O^= (L^ : ^~ iy` _=O_ `Q @ )
199. =#, HH , | O|O^ J<q U JOO P^~OQ ql OK|_#k?
[. =#O J^ O K K~ OY#
200. ~ O_ K~ =^ Q O|O^x ije ^x U~H" # O|O^O Jx ~ ?
[. =# O|O^= (Simple co-rrelation)
201. =_ ^ JO`HO > Z= K~ =^ O|O^x J^ #O K @ U ~H" # O|O^O ?
[. HH O|O^O Qx, | O|O^O QxH=K.
202. =_ ^ JO`HO > Z= K~ =^ Q O|O^x UHHO J^ #O K Jk U~H" #
O|O^= ?
[. | O|O^= . L^ : =~`O, Z~=, O@ kQ|_ =O K#.

z~Orq 117 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
203. ~ O_ HO> Z= K~# QiOz#\H W`~ K~ ~ O Q L<x qOz ~ O_ K~~
=^ O|O^x J^ #OK Jk U~H" # O|O^= ?
[. HH O|O^= .
204. ~ O_ K~ =^ =`O us ~ x+u LO> "\ =^ L# O|O^x U=O\~?
[. ~ ~ M O|O^= .
205. XH K~t =~# ~ O_= K~tx =~ ~ x+u x Z_ Jk U~H" # O|O^= ?
[. =H ~ v O|O^= .
206. "# @O aO^= "# H== T~ kQ Z_= #O_ _" H ` U ~H" # O|O^x
`#?
[. ^< `H O|O^= .
207. "# @O aO^= "# H== J^kQZ_= #O_ _H HOkH ky` Jk U ~H" #
O|O^x `#?
[. |}`H O|O^= .
208. "# @O QiOK|_ aO^= XH H=^u "#O KO^ O_ @O JO` qiOz LO>
P K~ =^ Q O|O^= U~H" # k?
[. P ~ O_ K~ =^ ZO\ O|O^= ^ . n< O|O^~ `= JO\~.
(No correlation)
209. O|O^ ~ M z`@ O ~ O_ydKxd~
O|OkOz# ~
Y =O`~O Q x "\ =^
=r
O|O^=? y xN
[. ^< `H O|O^= .
210. O|O^ ~ M z`@ O ~ O_ K~ O|OkOz# ~ Y Ja=YOQ XH ^xH XH\
=u~Hk x "\ =^ O|O^O ?
[. |}`H O|O^O
211. O|O^x OM~O K _xH Z= "_H## O|O^ Q}H=?
[. H~ ~< O|O^ Q}H=.
212. H~
~< O|O^ Q}H `O?
[.
213. H~ ~< O|O^ Q}HO { q= = U~H" # O|O^O ?
[. ^< `H O|O^O
214. H~
~< O|O^ Q}HO Z _ U q= =^ LO_#?
[. -1, { 1 =^ LO_# (1)
215. O|O^ Q}HO , == =~ q`O H^?
[. It is Independent of change of scale and origin.

z~Orq 118 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
216. O=` ^+O Q}# ^xH L y~ ?
[. H~
~< O|O^ Q}HO =YO. ^x P^~ Q`# H#H=_xH.
217. O|O^ Q}HO O=` ^+O U q^O Q Q} ~ ?

[.
218. Q}`H q+ J~# JO^KO ^, `eq`@,hux*~f O\ JO =^ O|O^x
Q}O KO^ L Q_ O|O^= ?
[. H\ O|O^ Q}H=
219. H\ O|O^ Q}Hx H#Q#k?
[. K~ Z_~ ~=< 1904 (a@<)
220. ~=< H\ O|O^ Q}HxH `O?
2 2
[. R =1 6 d (or) 1 6 D
N(N 2 1 N3 N
221. ~=< H\ O|O^ Q}Hx U JH~ O ` z~ ?
[. "Rho"(p)
222. ~=< H\ O|O^ Q}H= U~H" # } =i O k?
[. =HQ` } =`" .
2 1 N C 2
223. } u JO qK r<x
^x =O^
5476.0 = r fo=EJO
N
C = #O_ QiOz O|O^x Q}O
P
K ^u Uk?
[. ~ qK< ^u N

224. ~ qK< O|O^ Q}HO `O?


[.
225. R=+1 J<k U ~H" # O|O^x `#?
[. O~ ^< `H O|O^= .
226. R = 1 J<k U ~H" # O|O^x `#?
[. O~ |}`H O|O^= .
227. R = 0 J~#_ U~H" # O|O^x `#?
[. ~ O_ K~ =^ O|O^O ^x J~= .
228. Co-efficient of determination # Uq^O Q Q} ~ ?
[. r2
229. O|O^O 0.9 J~` O|O^ x~~}
Q}HO ZO`?
[. 0.81.

z~Orq 119 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY

Q` ZZ , Z ` x =^<
1. XH } =HQ` ij# x 25 =i N = 4 J~#_ ^x Q@ q= nxH =#O
(Q 2 2005) (1)
(1). 6.25 (2). 5.50 (3). 6.10 (4). 6.50
2. 15, 20, 25, 27, 30, 31, 32, 34 J<_ } =^Q`O q= (Q 2 2005) (4)
(1). 15 (2). 31 (3). 27. (4). 29
3. 2, 3, 4 ~=^=O (Q 2 2005) (1)
(1). 3.0 (2.77) (2). 3.27 (3). 4.0 (4). 4.5
4. d 200 =i N = 8 J~#_H=qK#O q= ^xH =#O (Q 2 2005)
2
(3)
(1). 3.0 (2). 4.0 (3). 5.0 (4). 6.0
5. 4, 16 *qf =^=O (Q 2 2005) (1)
(1) 8.0 (2) 7.5 (3) 5.5 (4) 7.0
6. JOH=^=O > =^Q`O > HO LO> =K ~ Y (Q 2 2005) (2)
(1) ~}`H J+ = ~ Y (2) ^< `H J+= ~ Y (3) ^~}~ Y (4) += ~ Y
7. ~ O_ } =^ O|O^ Q}HO q= - 0.5 J~` x~~} Q}HO q= (Q 2 2005)
(1). -0.25 (2).-0.7 (3). {0.25 (4).{0.7 (3)
P + 1
P
8. XH J`O` KOH=, 2 `O0`01KOH
0
=^ O|O^xH ^xx W JO\~ ( 4 )
0P
(1). ^~} O|O^O (2). OKH O|O^O (Q 2 2005)
(3). } O|O^O (4). |` O|O^O
9. XH "H @Ox Jx aO^= iQ uQ=#~Y LO> KOH# W q~
(1). O~O Q O|O^O Hq (2). |}`H O|O^O Hq (Q 2 2005)
(3). O|O^O #O (4). KOH =^ O|O^O #O (1)
10. P =i P =~Q P^~ O=`~, `
0 1
O=`~ ^~ z~.
p OY#xiOK_xHL yOK ^~} q+ ^ u H`O (Q 2 2005) ( 2 )
P1 P1 P1 + P0
1. 2. 100 3. 100 4. 100
P0 P0 P1

11. r=# = zH D ^u ^~ H ~ (Q 2 2005) (2)


1. q+ ^u 2. @O| |_@
^u 3. x["`# ^u 4. Q P^~^ u .
12. |}`H J+=OQ L# XH O} D iu LO__O [~Q`Ok (<<Q l>_ 2005)( 4 )
1. KOH= H J`kH q= #O} ` =Q L#_
2. KOH= H JkH q= # O} JkHO Q L#_
3. Q@
=^Q`O HO> Z=Q LO_@O 4. Q@ =^Q`O HO> ` =Q LO_@O

z~Orq 120 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
13. ~ O_ KOH =^ q= O|O^O L#_ O|O^ Q}HO q= nx =^ LO@Ok
(<<Ql >_ 2005) (2)
1. 0 =i 1 2. 0 =i -1 3. 1 =i -1 4. 0 =i < 1
14. XH i~ += O} D u =O k (<<Q l>_ 2005) (1)
1. JOH=^=O, =^Q`O =i H XHq=Hey L#_
2. O} ^< `HO J+=OQL#_ 3. O} |}`HO J+=OQ L#_
4. O} =#OQ L#_
15. q+ ^~ zH D HOk ~ P^~_ `Ok (<<Q l>_ 2005) (2)
1. P^~ O=`~ i=}O 2. Wz# O=`~ i=}O (Given year quantity)
3. Wz# O=`~O H Q@ i=}O 4. = h
16. XH =# O|O^O r D HOk ^xx ``Ok (<<Q l>_ 2005)
2
(1)
1. "`O qK~} O 2. Q_< P \
3. KOH =^ Q O|O^ ~ 4. i~ O|O^O #Oz Q qK#O
17. O|O^ Q}HO nxx HO k (<<Q l>_ 2005) (3)
1. KOH =^ H~ H~} O|O^O H^ 2. KOH =^ ~ ~ O|O^O H^
3. KOH =^ O|O^ ~ =`" 4. i O|O^O #Oz Q qK#O
18. Hx OY ^< `H= #_, D HOk ^xx Q}OK= (<<Q l>_ 2005) (2)
1. JOH=^== 2. Q}=^== 3. =^Q`= 4. H=
19. XH =^O u q= 3K Q}Oz#, Q@ q= 30. JO` =O^ Q@ q= ZO`?
(<<Q l>_ 2005) (1)
1. 10 2. 20 3. 30 4. K =
20. HO^ Wz#OY =^O Uk Z= qK~# = Hey#k (<<Q l>_ 2005) (2)
1). 1, 1, 1, 3 2). 5, 11, 42, 22 3). 15, 15, 15, 17 4). 7, 5, 10, 8
21. JuQLO> q= nxx Z=Q q`O K~ (<<Q l>_ 2005) (4)
1. JOH=^== 2. =^Q`= 3. H= 4. "
22. D HOk"x U pOY, P^~ O=`~= ~=# L yO k? (<<Q l>_ 2005)
1. + p 2. ~ p 3. + ~ p 4. =~ Z_= ~ p ( 2)
23. yh Q}H= Z= L# Z_ (<<Q l>_ 2005) (2)
1. J=#` ` = 2. J=#` Z= 3. O~ =#` 4. " g H=
24. O|O^ Q}H= (<<Q l>_ 2005) (3)
1. ^< `H= 2. |}`H=
3. ^< `H= Hx |}`H= Hx H=K 4. " g H=.

z~Orq 121 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
25. Cumulative Percentge Curve Jx nx JO\~. (Oz` ` =H~ Y Jx ^xx JO^~)
(q 2007) (2)
1. Fl< ~ Y 2. ~O* ~ Y 3. ## | l 4. ## O^` ~ Y
26. "^\ K` ~OHO 27, ^x K` ~OH qK#O 17 J~` 3= K` ~OHO ZO`? (q 2007) ( 2 )
1) 59 2) 61 3) 65 4) 57
27. X = 45, =^ Q`O 48 "+ = Q}HO -0.3 J~` =}H qK#O ZO`? (q 2007) (4 )
1) 20 2) 25 3) 28. 4) 30
28. j p 196, + ~ p 210. J~` ~ p ZO`? (q 2007) (3)
1) 220 2) 215 3) 225 4) 230
29. HO> ` = Fl", HO> ZH= Fl< YO_OK#_ HOk H` U~_#? (q 2006) ( 1 )
1. =^Q`O 2. ~=^=O 3. JOH=^=O 4. Q}=^=O
30. HOk~O R and R } (q 2006)
1 2
(1)
R1 : a1, a2 ...... an1 an
R2 : an, an1 ..... a2 a1
~=< O|O^ Q}HO
1. 1 2. 0.5 3. 1 4. 0.5
31. z = x+y =i x, z =^ ^< `H O|O^O LOk. J~` K~ y =i z =^ O|O^O
ZLO_#? (q 2006) (2)
1. ~}`HO 2. ^< `HO
3. ~}`HOH=K, ^< `HO H=K 4. UnH^.
32. Q@
~H, H} L yOz [`K O_ (q 2006) (2)
Q@
~HO Q@ H} O
A GM 1. z# q= JkH ^#` WK#.
B HM 2. qK< "`O < =#O
C AM 3. x+` , ` Q@ i=#.
D Mode 4. Q}` ~ =~ K @ gH^
A B C D
1. 1 2 3 4
2. 3 1 2 4
3. 4 3 2 1
4. 3 2 1 4
33. qK#O Z_ Hx+OQ LO_# (Average deviation) (q 2006)
Q@ (2)
1. Ke` =^= ^~ qK< f#_ 2. A M #Oz qK< f#_
3. HO #Oz qK< f#_ 4. =^Q`O #Oz qK< f#_

z~Orq 122 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
34. "H O|OkOz i #k (q 2006) (4)
1. Wk q~ } =#O#KOkk 2. O Q Q}O K=K
3. JO` q= = q`O H^ 4. Jx JO# P^~_ ^
1) 1 =`" 2) 1=i2 3) 2 =i 3 4) 1, 2 =i 4
35. [`K O_ (q 2006) (2)
e 1 (r q=) e 2 (J#=i`O )
A) 0.26 1. J`kH ~}`H O|O^O
B) 0.35 2. J^< `H O|O^O
C) 0.89 3. J`kH ^< `H O|O^O
D) 0.98 4. J~}`H O|O^O
5. O|O^O ^ .
A B C D

1. 3 1 5 2
2. 2 4 1 3
3. 2 1 5 3
4. 3 4 1 2
36. Up OYHi=~# , H~H i=~# sH # O`$ ~ # (q 2006) (3)
1. ~ p 2. jp 3. ++~ p 4. _i+ pOY
37. "The sum of squares of deviation of set of values is minimum when deviation is taken about" nx#Oz
f# qK< =~ Hx+O Q LO_# (q 2004) (1)
1. AM 2. =^Q`O 3. HO 4. HM
38. O} ^< `H "+ = O Z_Hey LO_##Q? (q 2004) (1)
1. JOH=^=O > =^Q`O > HO 2. JOH=^=O < =^Q`O < HO
3. JOH=^=O < HO < =^Q`O 4. =^Q`O < HO < JOH=^=O
39. + ~ P^~ p OY HOk"xx O`$ ~ # (q 2004) (3)
1. Hi=~# sH 2. H~H i=~# sH
3. H =i H~H i=~# sH 4. Circular sH# =`"
40. ^~ p Q}# H =Y L^ O nx =~# `H#@ (q 2003) (3)
1. r=# =}O 2. |OQ~ ^=O 3. ^= H#QH 4. L`uK =~ O
41. HOk"x iHxk Uk + ~ p q+ O (q 2002) (2)
1. ~, + q= =^ LO_#. 2. L, P JOH=^=O
3. L, P Q} =^=O 4. L = P J~`, L H P H =#=Q#
42. U p H, H~H i=~# sH# O`$ ~ K# (q 2002) (4)
1. ~ 2. + 3. H b 4. + ~
z~Orq 123 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
ECONOMY
43. XH ^`OO z = 5 =^Q`O 15, JOH=^=O 20 J~` P ^`OO (q 2002) ( 1 )
1. _" # "+ = =O Hey LO_# 2. Z_=" "+ = O
3. +=O 4.+=O H^, "+ = O H^
44. Oz` # # ~ Mz`O ^~ U ~H" # Q@ Q} O (q 2002) (3)
1. GM 2. HM 3. =^Q`O 4. HO
45. The sumof squared deviation is the least when taken from (q 2001) (3)
1. HO 2. =^Q`O 3. AM 4. GM
46. HOk"x U H=#O J`kH, J` q=K q`OH^ (q 2001) (1)
1. =^Q`O 2. HM 3. S D 4. qK~}
Q}HO
47. x =i y ^`OO D q^O Q LOk (q 2001) (1)
x : 1,2,3,4,5 y : 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
y H =}H qK#O
1. x H= qK#O#=#O LO_# 2. (x H= qK#O) 2
3. (x H= qK#O) { 2 4. (x H= qK#O) 2
48. 3, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5 =}H qK#O (q 2001) (1)
1. 1 2. 4 3. 0 4. O^= .
49. XH ^`OO Mean < Median < Mode J~` P O} (q 2001) (3)
1. _" # "+ = O 2. +=O 3. Z_=" "+ = O 4. +=O H^ "+ = O H^
50. q~ }
=< nx#Oz H#Q# gH^ (q 1999) (4)
1. =^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. HO 4. GM
51. P^~ OII i=} ~Q f# p OY (q 1999) (2)
1. 2. ~ 3. + ~ 4. WPI
52. HOk Scatter ~ M z`O #Oz ~ # J#=i`O Uk? (q 2000) ( 2 )
1. x & y O|O^O Hey L<~
2. x & y ^< `H O|O^O Hey L<~
3. y Hx K~t H~}O
4. x H y K~t H~}O
53. Oz` ##O #Oz H#Q< Q@ (q 2000) (4)
1. GM 2. HM 3. z (HO ) 4. =^Q`O
54. 10 q= Q x K~ z=iq"# 5H |^ 4 =i` J_ (q 2000) (4)
1. =^Q`O , HO `Q # 2. =^Q`O `Q # , HO =~^
3. =^Q`O =~^ , HO `Q # 4. =^Q`O Qx, HO Qx =~^
55. HOk"x U Q}OH H` Jx JO# P^~_ # (q 2000) (2)
1.QD 2. HM 3. " 4. HO

z~Orq 124 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
56. JOH =^=O 6, =}H qK#O 0.50 qK~} Q}HO (CV) ZO`? (2)
1. 4.0% 2. 8.3% 3. 16.0% 4. UnH^
57. Meso Kurtic O}x W Jx_ JO\~ (q 2000) (4)
1. Q= O} 2. x O}
2
3. c\ O} 4. =# O}
58. Circular Test x O`$
i Kk (q 2000) (1)
1.=# q+ ^u 2. p 3. ~ p 4. H b p
59. ~O* =H~ Y yx Q}HO W H~ (q 2000) (3)
Area x
1. Area y 2.

3. 4.
60. OAD O} yx Q}HO ZO`? (q 2000) (1)

1. 2.

3. 4. AAD
xDO
aO
yearaA
eerrAA
C B+D
)yC
D A
BxO
x( aerA

=Y"# ~O@ :
+ ~ p H i=~# , H~H i=~# sH # O`$ ~ K @ = Jk P^~ pQ =|_#.
~ p OY P^~ O=`~ i=}x ~OQ fx Q}O K_" O k.
+ p OY, ` O=`~ = i=}O# ~OQ fx Q}O K_" # k.

z~Orq 125 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY

H a\
61. JOH=^== J<k ( )
1. # Q@
2. Q}` Q@
3. ~ O_# 4. " g H=
62. =^Q`O J<k ( )
1. # Q@
2. Q}` Q@
3. ~ O_# 4. " g H=
63. qz# } JOH=^== H `O Uq? ( )
d fx x
1. X=A+ 2. X= 3. 4. " g H=
N N N
64. Jqz# } JOH=^== H`O ( )
dx dx fdx
1. 2. X= 3. x=A+ 4. X =A + c
N N N

65. i` JOH=^=x HOk`O ^~ Q}O K=K. ( )


fx fd fd1
1. 2. Xw= 3. X w =A + 4. X w =A + C
N N N

66. Q}=^== Q}O K@ HOk`x L y~ . ( )


x gol f fx
1. . f.gcoldxdN
w
itnA+
+ =
=
A .
M =
= .
MG
X2. G.M.= Anti log
Ni f N + 1L = M
2 w N
N
w
fd
3. G.M.= Anti log 4. " g H=
N
67. =^Q`O J#Q ( )
N
1. M= 2.
2

fx
3. 4. M=
N
68. ^`Ox <Q QQ ql Oz# =<x D HOk q^O Q ~ ( )
1. `OO 2. ^OO 3. K` ~OO 4. " g H=
69. ^`Ox 10 =QQ ql Oz# =<x D q^O Q ~ ( )
1. `OO 2. ^OO 3. K` ~OO 4. " g H=

61.(2) 62.(1) 63.(2) 64.(4) 65.(1) 66.(1) 67.(2) 68.(3) 69.(2)

z~Orq 126 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
70. ^`Ox 100 =QQ ql Oz# =<x D q^O Q ~ ( )
1. `OO 2. ^OO 3. K` ~OO 4. " g H=
71. XH O}# O^ Qi+ q=,Hx+ q=Q =`x D q^O Q K =K. ( )
1. JOH=^== 2. =^Q`O 3. HO 4. "
72. TOz# Q@ #O_ =}H qK#O `O Uk? ( )
2
fd 2 fd
1. = 2.
N N

d 2 fd 2
3. = C 4. " g H=
N N

73. # qK# ^u ^~ =}H qK<x HOk`O O` Q} ~ ( )


d2 fd2 fd 2
1. = 2. = C
N N N

3. 4. " g H=
74. ~O* =H~ Y O` nxx J^ #O K =K ( )
1. HHH O |O^O 2.2)dp( O22ddY#


3.Q@
# 4. q~ }
=<#
=
=
75. K~=^ Q O|O^ N~xx~NN~ OK@ L Q_ q+ } Uk? ( )
1. q~ }
=< 2.p OY 3. O|O^O 4.Q@

76. p OY# Q}O K@ ~L yOz# ^u ( )
P1Q1 P1Q
1. P01 = 100 2. P01 = 100
P0 Q0 P0 Q

P1Q0 P1Q0 + P1Q1


3. P01 = 100 4. P01 = 100
P0 Q0 P0 Q0 + P0 Q1

77. p OY# Q}O K@ (Paache) ^u Uk? ( )


P1 Q0 P1 Q1
1. P01 = 100 2. P01 = 100
P0 Q1 P0 Q1

P1 Q1 P1 Q0 P1 Q0 + P1 Q1
3. P01 = + 100 4. P01 = 100
P0 Q1 P0 Q0 P0 Q0 + P0 Q1

70.(1) 71.(4) 72.(1) 73.(2) 74.(4) 75.(3) 76.(3) 77.(2)

z~Orq 127 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
78. p OY Q}# ^u Uk? ( )
p1q0 p1q1 p1q 0 + p1 q1
1. P01 = + 100 2. P01 = 100
p0 q0 p0 q1 p0 q 0 + p0 q1

p1q0 p q
+ 11 p q
3. p0q0 p0q1 4. P01 = 1 100
P01 = 100 p0q
2

79. p OY Q}# + ~ P^~ p ^u Uk? ( )


p1q0 + p1 q1 p q
1. P01 = 100 2. P01 = 1 100
p0 q 0 + p0 q1 p0q

p1q0 p1q1
3. P01 = + 100 4. " g H=
p0q0 p0q1

80. =~ Z_=~ ^u p OY Q}# `O ( )


P1 q 0 + P1 q1 P1
1. P01 = 100 2. P01 = 100
P0 q 0 + P0 q1 P0

P1 q P
3. P01 = 100 4. P01 = 1 100
P0 q Q1

81. HOk "\ Uk# Q@ ( )


1. JOH=^== 2.=^Q`O 3. ~=^== 4. Q}=^==
82. Fl" (Ogive) =H~ Y nxx QiOK_xH _ # ( )
1. JOH=^== 2. =^Q`O 3. ~=^== 4. Q}=^==
83. K` ~OO Zx K` ~OHLO\~ ( )
1. ~ O_ 2. =_ 3.<Q 4. S^
84. 15 =Ok q^~ Q `~Q u 5 Q~ q^~ sH ` i. sH Lf~ # "i =~ D
q^O Q L<~. 9, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 6, 5, 4, 7 J~# "`O 15 =Ok q^~ =^Q`O ZO`?
1. 4 2. 5 3. 6 4. 7 ( )
85. "Mode" (HO ) J< ^O U + #O_ Pq~q OzOk? ( )
1. O K 2. \< 3. wH 4. [~<
86. "^ x x HK#. ( )
1. Q@ # 2. q~}
=<# 3. O|O^O # 4. pOY#

78.(3) 79.(3) 80.(1) 81.(2) 82.(4) 83.(2) 84.(3) 85.(1) 86.(2)

z~Orq 128 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
87. J`kH q= J` q=
---------------------- J< `O nxx Q}O K@ L y~
J`kH q= { J` q= ( )
1. " 2. " Q}HO 3. K` ~O qK# Q}HO 4. p OY
88. Lx ^ J=HxH ^x H LQ` U ~H" # O|O^O LO@Ok? ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O
3. O|O^O =O_^ 4. " g H=
89. =~`O# =i O@ O_@ D O|O^O =O_#. ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O
3. O|O^O =O_^ 4. " g H=
90. ^i OK ^ ~OQ, `eq`@ Q O|O^O ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O
3. O|O^O =O_^ 4. " g H=
91. rq` c= (Life Insurance) ^~x = H@= #qO =# O|O^O ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O
3. O|O^O =O_^ 4. " g H=
92. x~^Q p (Unemployment Index) H =# =#=x H#Q HH Q O|O^O ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O
3. O|O^O =O_^ 4. " g H=
93. ^~} i` = ^~ , ^x _=O_ Q O|O^O . ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O
3. O|O^O =O_^ 4. " g H=
94. O|O^ Q}HO ( )
1. ^< `HOQ LO_H =K 2. ~}`HOQ LO_H =K
3. O|O^O =O_^ 4. ^< `HOQ Qx ~}`HOQ Qx LO_= K
95. ''PiH =~#HeK ~qu (Barometers) Q HOk "x ^xx Ja=i~ ? ( )
1. Q@ 2. O|O^O 3. q~ } =#O 4. p OY
96. p OY x~}O Uk L`= "# Q@ . ( )
1. =^Q`O 2. Q}=^=O 3. HO 4. JOH=^=O
97. (Paasche) p OY nx P^~_ #. ( )
1. P^~ O=`~ i=}O 2. ` O=`~ i=}O
3. ` =i P^~ O=`~ i=} 4. " q H=

87.(2) 88.(2) 89.(1) 90.(3) 91.(1) 92.(2) 93.(2) 94.(4) 95.(4)


96.(2) 97.(2)

z~Orq 129 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
98. + ~ P^~ p OY. ( )
1. ~, p OY =^Q`O 2. ~, p OY JOH=^=O
3. ~, p OY Q}=^=O 4. " g H=
99. KH sH P P P J< 3 p#_ ~ ~ > nxx O`$ ~ K#
1 2 3
( )
1) P xP xP = 0 2) P xP xP = 1 3) P x P xP = 1 4) " g H=
12 23 31 12 23 31 21 32 31

100. "Circular Test" nxx O`$ ~ K#. ( )


1. =# q+ ^u 2. ~ p OY 3. jp OY 4. + ~ p OY
101. H~ ~< O|O^ Q}HO "\ "\ = ^ LO_#? ( )
1) -2 #O_{2 2) 0#O_ {1 3) -1 #O_ {1 4) " g H=
102. P^~ O=`~O (Base period) Z _ D q^O Q LO_# ( )
1. r=# =O(cost of living) 2. qxQ^~_ (consumer)
3. H~H i=~# 4. ^~} (normal)
103. ~, j p OY UQ@ #Q} + ~ P^~ p =K# ( )
1. Factor reversal 2. Q}=^=O 3. =^Q`O 4. ~=^=O
104. @O| |_\ ^u ^~ D ^~ pOY# Q} ~ ( )
1. \^~ 2. z~^ ~ 3. qxQ^~ ^~ 4." g H=
105. D HOk "x Uk X ( )
1. AM<GM<HM 2. AM>GM>HM 3. AM > GM > HM 4. HM > GM > AM
106. qK< =~ JOH=^== H =~= x Dq^O Q ~ . ( )
1. Q@ qK#O 2. =}H qK#O 3. Q}=^=O 4. K` ~O qK#O
107. JOH=^=O #Oz f# qK< "`O ( )
1) 1 2) 3) 0 4) " g H=
108. Ogive is a (Fl" ~ Y) ( )
1. ## | l (frequency polygon) 2. Oz` ## =H~Y
3. < _Q" (line diagram) 4. " g H=
109. XH} H =^Q`O 10. D }H 5, 20 J< ~ O_K~~ J^#OQ He#q. J\O@C_
#`# } =^Q`O . ( )
1) 9 2) 20 3) 7 4) 10
110. 13 =Ok q^~ Q =O 4 Q~ sH ` i. Lf~ J~#"~ =~ D q^O Q
=<~. 41, 57, 38, 61, 36, 35, 71, 50 =i 40. J~#K =^Q`O =~ ZO`? ( )
1) 40 2) 50 3) 41 4) 38

98.(3) 99.(2) 100.(1) 101.(3) 102.(4) 103.(2) 104.(3) 105.(3)


106.(2) 107.(3) 108.(2) 109.(4) 110.(4)

z~Orq 130 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
111. 9 =Ok q^~ JOH=^=O 100. 6 Q~ q^~ JOH=^=O 80. J~#K "`O 15 =Ok
L=_ Q@ ZO`? ( )
1. 100 2. 80 3. 90 4. 92
112. XH += ^`OO Q = 20, Q = 40 J~` P ZO` ?
1 3 50
( )
1. 40 2. 20 3. 30 4. " g H=
113. XH += ^`OO P = 40, P = 60 J~< =^Q`O ZO`?
25 75
( )
1. 50 2. 40 3. 60 4. 100
114. D HOk Q@ ~_" _ ^ A # x~~ OK@Uk i # Q@ . ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. HO 4. Q}=^=O
115. =q_O _ i=}O x~~ OK@ =~Q ~ # Q@ Uk? ( )
1. HO 2. =^Q`O 3. JOH=^=O 4. Q}=^=O
116. Q}`H JO Q}O K@ L Q_ Q@ . ( )
1. A.M 2. GM 3. H.M. 4. Median
117. nx #Oz f# qK< "`O ''0 =#OQ =O_#. ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q}=^=O 3. =^Q`O 4. HO
118. qs` JO (Extreme observation) K Z=Q q`O J Q@ . ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q}=^=O 3. =^Q`O 4. HO
119. Z= ~ ` O Hey# Q@ Uk? (Most stable) ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q}=^=O 3. =^Q`O 4. HO
120. 6, 3, 8, 9, 5, 7 =^Q`O ZO`? ( )
1. 5.5 2. 6.0 3. 6.5 4. 7
121. HOk Q@ Uk Q}` Q@ H^. ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q}=^=O 3. i` JOH=^O4. =^Q`O
122. XH ^`OO JOH=^=O, =^Q`O , HO =#OQ =O> ^xx D q^O Q ==K.
1. += ^`OO 2. J+= ^`OO 3. |}`H "+ = O 4. ^< `H "+ = O ( )
123. 5= ^OO J#Q ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. Q@ qK#O 4. =}H qK#O
124. H O^# H`# U ~H" # Q@ Q ~ . ( )
1. ^= } 2. kf } 3. `$f } 4." g H=
125. XH O} u q= XH ~ " # OY# Ki P O} JOH=^=O ( )
1. JOH=^=O q= =~^ 2. J^ ~ OY# ~ JOH=^==# He
3. J^ ~ OY# JOH=^==# f" e 4. " g H=
111.(4) 112.(3) 113.(1) 114.(3) 115.(1) 116.(4) 117.(1) 118.(1) 119.(1)
120.(3) 121.(4) 122.(1) 123.(2) 124.(1) 125.(2)
z~Orq 131 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
ECONOMY
126. XH `~Q u ~Q@ = 20 O=`~. 2 O=`~ `~ "` "i = ( )
1. qQ`q ~ O 2. 18 O. 3. 22 O. 4. " g H=
127. Q" ^~ D Q@ # Q}O K=K. ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. HO 3. =^Q`O 4. " g H=
128. D HOk "x Uk ~ # k H^. ( )
1. =^Q`x ~ Mz`O ^~ x~~ OK=K#
2. uK # KOKO JOH=^=O ` =Q q`O JQ#
3. H O^# H` ZC _ JOH=^== K L`= "# H=#=
4. q=$`O` `~Q ` =^Q`x Q}O K=K
129. HOk "H= Uk ~ # k ( )
1. JOH=^== #Oz f# qK< "`O ''0 =#OQ LO_#
2. += ^`OO JOH=^== =^Q`O HO
3. Q}`H JO x~ O =^Q`O ~# k 4. = x
130. HOk "x Uk ~ # k. ( )
O^~ 2. Mode #~Mz`O Q" ^~ K=K
1. H O^# H`< ^= } Q@
3. AM = =^Q`O HO =#OQ =O> P ^`Ox += ^`OO JO^~
4. ^`OOx =^Q`O Q QxzOK#
1) 1, 2 =i 3 2) 2, 3 =i 4 3) 1, 2 =i 4 4) <Q
131. Z=~ #~=$`O J~# OY ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q}=^=O 3. =^Q`O 4. HO
132. K` ~O# ~ Mz`OK@ L yOKk. ( )
1. Q" 2. ` = Fl" 3. iQ" 4. " g H=
133. 50 `OO J#Q ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. 2= K` ~OO 4. HO
134. 5= ^OO J#Q ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. 2= K` ~OO 4. HO
1) 1 =i 2 2) 2 =i 3 3) 3 =i 4 4) 2 =`"
135. HOk "\~# \ " O\ Uk ( )
1. q=$`O` `~Q ` Q =sH$ ` ^`OxH =^Q`x Q}O K=K
2. JO` q= =O =^Q`O =O@Ok
3. JOH=^=O ZC _ H O^# H`H =Y"# k
4. } O^ U^# q= ` ## JOH=^==# =#O Q}O K=K#
126.(3) 127.(2) 128.(3) 129.(4) 130.(4) 131.(4) 132.(2) 133.(2) 134.(2)
135.(1)
z~Orq 132 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
ECONOMY
136. HOk"\Uk Q}` O|O^" # Q@ H^ ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q}=^=O 3. ~=^=O 4. =^Q`O
137. 50 =Ok q^~ =^Q`O 60. J~` =^Q`O Q}O z# `~ "` XH q^i =~ 75H |^
65Q Q}O K_" # k Jx `eOk. J~`~ # =^Q`O ZO`? ( )
1. 60 2. 61 3. 60.2 4. 58.8
138. } u JOO P^~_ q~ }
=#= Uk? ( )
1. " 2. =}H qK#O 3. K` ~O qK#O 4. = x
139. q=$`O` `~Q ` _ Q}O KQe Q q~} =#O Uk? ( )
1. " 2. =}H qK#O
3. =^qH qK#O 4. K` ~O qK#O
140. =}H qK<x ZC _ nx^~< Q} ~ . ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. HO 3. =^Q`O 4. Q}=^=O
141. HOk"\ ^xx Hx+ q=, Qi+ q= P^~OQ Q} ~ . ( )
1. K` ~O qK#O 2. " 3. =}H qK#O 4. HO
142. =^qH qK#O ZC_ ( )
1. S.D H< ` = 2. S.D. H< Z=
3. S.D. ` O|O^O ^ 4. =}H qK#O# =#OQ =O_#
143. qK~} Q}HO (co-efficient of variation) x ( )
001
x
1. 2. 3. 4. 100
x
144. K` ~O qK#O nx P^~_ #. ( )
1. 50% HO> Z= JO 2. 25% HO> ` = JO
3. 25% HO> Z= JO 4. =^ Q 50 JO
145. H O^ # H`#Oz f# qK< JOH=^O ( )
1. S.D 2. M.D (Mean Deviation) 3. q $u 4. K` ~O qK#O
146. JO`~ K` ~O " Zx JO# q#~OK#? ( )
1. 50% q= 2. 100% q= 3. 25% q= 4. " g H=
147. "\ qh`# Q}O K@ q~}
=<#L y~ ( )
1. Q@ 2. "iae\ 3. =^Q` `~Q u 4. " g H=
148. JOH=^ O 3 J<k =# =H~Y ZO` q~ O ( )
1. 90% JO 2. 99% JO 3. 95% JO 4. " g H=

136.(4) 137.(1) 138.(2) 139.(4) 140.(1) 141.(2) 142.(1) 143.(4) 144.(4)


145.(2) 146.(1) 147.(1) 148.(2)

z~Orq 133 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
149. XH += ^`OO Q = 25 =i Q = 45 J~# =^Q`O ZO`?
1 3
( )
1) 20 2) 25 3) 35 4) " g H=
150. =^Q`O J#Q ( )
1. 4= ^OO 2. 50= `OO 3. 8= ^OO 4. 75= `OO
151. U q~} =#O qs` JOK ` =Q q`=Q#. ( )
1. S.D 2. Range 3. Mean Deviation 4. Q.D
152. =i J~#K qK~} Q}HO (Co-efficient of Variation (CV)) ZO`? ( )
1) 200% 2) 25% 3) 50% 4) 75%
153. qs` JOK Z=Q q`O Jk. ( )
1. =}H qK#O 2. K` ~OH qK#O 3. =^qH qK#O 4. "
154. HOk"xUk H q~ } =#O ( )
1. q $u 2. =}H qK#O 3. " 4. qK~} Q}HO
155. 10, 12, 18, 14, 15, 7, 17, 20 H " Uk? ( )
1) 9 2) 10 3) 12 4) 13
156. W=|_# JO ~ O_ JO =`" P^~_ H=#O Uk? ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q@
qK#O 3.=}H qK#O 4. "
157. qs` JOK q`O Hxk ( )
1. " 2. JOH=^=O 0552 =
x3. S.D 4. =^Q`O
158. ^`OOu q= ~ OY K #He`, ^x " D q^O Q LO_# ( )
1. " WO` =O^= =O@Ok
2. =O^ "H K J< ~ OY# f" e
3. =O^ "H K J< ~ OY#He 4. K J< ~ OY =#O
159. XH ^`OO q~} #_ HOk"x i #k ( )
1. JxQ}` , # Q@ =#O
2. Jx Q}` Q@ =#O Hx # Q@ =#O H=
3. Jx# Q@ =#O Hh Q}` q==#O H= 4. " g H=
=#= ^xx "Root Mean Square deviation" JO\~
160. HOk q~ } ( )
1. " 2. K` ~O qK#O 3. =}H qK#O 4. Q@ qK#O
161. HOk"x ^xH L=_ Q}` q=# Q}O KO (cannot be combined mathematically) ( )
1. =}H qK#O 2. JOH=^=O 3. Q}=^=O 4. =^Q`O

149.(3) 150.(2) 151.(4) 152.(3) 153.(4) 154.(4) 155.(4) 156.(4) 157.(4)


158.(1) 159.(1) 160.(3) 161.(4)

z~Orq 134 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
162. Q@ qK#O ZC_. ( )
1. =}H qK#O HO> Z= 2. =}H qK#O` =#OQ =O_#
3. =}H qK#O HO> ` = 4. " g H=
163. x JO. ( )
1) 58.26%= JOO 2) 68.27%= JOO 3) 31.74%= JOO 4) 41.74%= JOO
Q}HO (coefficient of variation) 64 =i JOH=^=O 10 J~# =}H
164. XH } qK~}
qK#O ZO`? ( )
1) 6.4 2) 5.4 3) 7.4 4) " g H=
165. D HOk JO= Uk ~ # k? ( )
Z. =^qH qK#O, =^Q`O #Oz f# qK< Hx+O Q LO\~
a. JOH=^=O #Oz f# qK< =~ "`O Hx+O
. =}H qK#O x~H H=#O
_. =}H qK#O, =}H qK# Q}HO ~ O_ XH x\ =H ~ K | _#
1. Z, a =i 2. a, =i _ 3. Z, a =i _ 4. Z, =i _
166. " Q}HO# D q^O Q x~zOK=K. ( )
1. 2. 3. 4.
167. "Inter quartile Range
+3S
(JO`~ K` ~O1QS"
Lx ) x D q^O
Q Q K =K. ( )
S2+
LSL
Q3 Q1
1. Q 3
Q1 2. 3. Q3 + Q 4. " g H=
168. K` ~O qK#O# D q^O Q x~zOK=K. ( )
Q3 Q1
1. Q 3
Q1 2. 3. Q3 + Q 4. " g H=
169. K` ~O qK#O Q}HO D q^O Q K =K#. ( )
Q3 Q1
1. Q 3
Q1 2. 3. Q3 + Q1 4. " g H=
170. ^# OkH LQ` =`# nx^~ H ~ . ( )
1. " 2. K` ~O qK#O 3. =^qH qK#O 4. =}H qK#O
171. += O} (Symmmetrial distribution) H KOk i #k. ( )
1. Q =^Q`O =^Q`O Q
3 1
2. =^Q`O Q { K` ~O qK#O
1

3. =^Q`O Q K` ~O qK#O
3
4. = x#

162.(3) 163.(2) 164.(1) 165.(1) 166.(1) 167.(1) 168.(2) 169.(3) 170.(1)


171.(4)

z~Orq 135 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
172. Q@ qK#O (MD) # D q^O Q x~zOK=K#. ( )
f dx (x i x) 2 dx12 f1x i 2
1. 2. 3. 4. f
n n n
173. Q@ qK#O# ^x#Oz H ~ . ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. HO 4. = x
174. "Average deviation" # D q^O Q _ ~ . ( )
1. Mean deviation 2. Standard deviation 3. Quartile deviation 4. " g H=
175. =}H qK#O# ^x#O_ H ~ . ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. HO 4. " g H=
176. qK~} Q}HO (Coefficient of variation) D q^O Q K =K. ( )
Mean MD Mean SD
1. 100 2. 100 3. 100 4. 100
MD Mean SD Mean
177. XH =# =H~Y JOH=^=O 1 =}H qK#O ( x 1 ) ZO` q~ O # K#.( )
1. 68.27%= JOO 2. 95.45%= JOO 3. 99.99%= JOO 4. 99.73%= JOO
178. =# =H~Y JOH=^=O 2 =}H qK#O ( x 2 ) ZO` q~ O # K#. ( )
1. 68.27%= JOO 2. 95.45%= JOO 3. 99.99%= JOO 4. 99.73%= JOO
179. =# =H~Y JOH=^=O 3 =}H qK#O ( x 3 ) ZO` q~ O # K#. ( )
1. 68.27%= JOO 2. 95.45%= JOO 3. 99.99%= JOO 4. 99.73%= JOO
180. O|O^ Q}HO (Coefficient of correlation). ( )
1. nxH iqu ^ 2. XH\ H O > ` = 3. XH\ HO> Z= 4. " g H=
181. O|O^ Q}HO Qi+ ^< `H q= (Maximum Positive value). ( )
1. 0.50 2. 1.00 3. 2.00 4. Qi+ q= ^
182. O|O^ Q}HO Hx+ q=. ( )
1. 1.00 2. 0 3. 1.00 4. UnH^
183. ^~ , _=O_ Q O|O^O . ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O 3. Z =i a 4. " g H^
184. O|O^O ^~ ,
U q^OQ LO@Ok? ( )
1. ^< `H O|O^O 2. ~}`H O|O^O 3. Z =i a 4. " g H^
185. x =i y =^ O|O^ Q}HO 0.75 J~# "\ =^ U q^" # O|O^O =O_#@.
1. ^< `HO =i O~ O|O^O 2. ^< `HO, Hx O~O H^ ( )
3. ~}`HO =i O~O 4. ~}`HO, Hx O~O H^
172.(1) 173.(4) 174.(1) 175.(1) 176.(4) 177.(1) 178.(2)
179.(4) 180.(4) 181.(2) 182.(3) 183.(2) 184.(1) 185.(2)

z~Orq 136 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
186. x, y =^ O|O^ Q}HO 1.00 J~# "\ =^ O|O^O D q^O Q LOk. ( )
1. ^< `HO =i O~ O|O^O 2. ^< `HO Hx O~O H^
3. ~}`HO =i O~O 4. ~}`HO Hx O~O H^
187. D HOk "\ Uk ~ # k. ( )
Z. ~}`H O|O^O J#Q ~ O_ K~ `Q @ .
a. ^< `H O|O^O J#Q ~ O_ K~ ~Q@.
. ~ O_ K~x =~ k, XH q^O Q LO>, P ~ O_ K~ =^ ^< `H O|O^O Hey
L#@.
_. ~ O_ K~ =u~H k =i`, "x =^ ~<`H O|O^O L#@.
1. Z =i a 2. a =i 3. =i _ 4. Z =i _
188. ~ M z`O x, y =^ O|O^O . ( )
1. O~ ^< `HO
2. O~ ~}`HO
3. JkH ^< `HO
4. JkH ~}`HO
189. D HO^ Wz# @O O|O^O x, y =^ U q^O Q =Ok? ( )
1. JkH ^< `HO
2. JkH ~}`HO
3. ` = _w ^< `H O|O^O
4. ` = _w ~}`H O|O^O
190. HOk "H @O x, y =^ O|O^O . ( )
1. JkH _w ^< `H O|O^O
2. J _w ^< `H O|O^O
3. JkH _w ~}`H O|O^O
4. O|O^O ^
191. ~ ^~ p OY L yOz# i`O Uk? ( )
1. q o
2. q
1
3. p
o
4. p
o

192. ~ i=} p OY i`OQ L yOz#k. ( )


1. q o
2. q
1
3. p
o
4. p
1

193. t (Paasche's) ^~ p OY i`=Q ^xx zOK#. ( )


1. q o
2. q
1
3. p
o
4. p
1

186.(3) 187.(3) 188.(4) 189.(3) 190.(4) 191.(1) 192.(3) 193.(2)

z~Orq 137 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
194. t i=} p OY i`OQ ^xx L yOK#. ( )
1. q o
2. q 1
3. po
4. p
1

195. P^~ O=`~ i=}# i`OQ L yOz# i` q+ p Uk ( )


1. Laspayre's ^~ p 2. Passche's ^~ p
3. Bowley's ^~ p 4. Fscher's ^~ p
196. ` (=~= # current year) O=`~ i=}# i`Q L yOz# i` q+ p
Uk? ( )
1. Laspayre's ^~ p 2. Passche's ^~ p
3. Bowley's ^~ p 4. Fscher's ^~ p
197. ~ p, j p Q} =^=O. ( )
1. + ~ P^~ zH 2. zH 3. =~, Z_=~ zH 4. " g H=
198. HOk"x `C Q K |_#k. ( )
1. P^~ O=`~O ^~} O=`~" LO_e
2. =# p OY HO>, i` p L`= "# q =i Z= ux^ O Hey#q
3. p OY x~}O L yOK Q@ Q} =^ =O L`= "# k
4. j `# p OY x~}O P^~ O=`~ i=}# i`Q L yOK#
199. =# HH Q@ zH `O Uk? ( )
P
1 100 P1 1 Q1
1. P0 2. 100 3. 100 4. " g H=
P0 N Q0
N
200. qxQ ^~ p nxx H=_xH L Q_ #. ( )
1. z~ ^~ =~ 2. \ ^~ =~ 3. ~ O_# 4. " g H=
201. p OY ^xx zOK#. ( )
1. x~H" # =~ 2. H" # =~ 3. 1 =i 2 4. UnH^
202. ^~} ^~ p H `O. ( )
P1 P0
1. 100 2. 100 3. 1 =i 2 4. ~ O_
P0 P1

203. q= p OY (Value Index Number) `O. ( )


p1q1 p0q1 p1q0 p0q0
1. 100 2. 100 3. 100 4. 100
p0q0 p1q0 p0q1 p1q1

204. ~ ^~ p OY Q}# `O. ( )


p1q0 p1q1
1. 100 2. 100
p0q0 p0q1

1 p1q0 + p1q1 100 1 p1q0 + p1q1


3. 2 p0q0 p0q1 4. 2 p0q 0 p0q1

194.(4) 195.(1) 196.(2) 197.(1) 198.(4) 199.(1) 200.(1) 201.(2)


202.(1) 203.(1) 204.(1)
z~Orq 138 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
ECONOMY
205. + ~ P^~ p nx ^~ O^=K. ( )
p1q0 p1q1
1. 100 2. 100
p0q0 p0q1

1 p1q0 + p1q1 100 p1q 0 p1q1


3. 4. 100
2 p0q0 p0q1 p 0 q 0 p 0 q1

206. j ^~ p OY `O. ( )
p1q0 p1q1
1. 100 2. 100
p0q 0 p0q1

1 p1q0 + p1q1 100 p1q0 p1q1


3. 4. 100
2 p0q0 p0q1 p0q0 p0q1

207. D HOk "\ ^~ p OY ^xx `e* #. ( )


p1q1 p1q1
1. 100 2. 100
p0q0 p0q1

1 p1q0 + p1q1 100 p1q0 p1q1


3. 4. 100
2 p0q0 p0q1 p0q0 p0q1

208. [`~ O_. ( )


P1Q1
Z. 100 1. =~, Z_=~
P0Q1

P1Q0 P1Q1
a. 100 2. j
P0 Q0 P0 Q1

P1Q
. 100 3. + ~
P0Q

P1 (Q0 + Q1 )
_. 100 4. H b
P0 (Q0 + Q1 )

1. Z 1, a 2, 3, _ 4 2. Z 2, a 3, 4, _ 1
3. Z 2, a 1, 4, _ 3 4. Z 4, a 3, 2, _ 1

205.(4) 206.(2) 207.(3) 208.(2)

z~Orq 139 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
209. D HOk [`i z# "\ Uk H="# k H^. ( )
p1q1
1. 100 ~
p 0q1

p1q 0 p1q1
2. 100 + ~
p 0 q 0 p 0 q1

P1 q 0 + P1 q1
3. 100 =~
P0 q 0 + P0 q1

1 P1q 0 P1q1
4. + 100
2 P0 q 0 P0 q1

210. A.M. H O|OkOz iHxk. ( )


1. } u q= XH ~ O Y# He`, ` JOH=^=xH J^ ~ OY# K~e
2. } u q= ~ OYK z, ` JOH=^=xH J^ ~ OYK zOKe
3. JOH=^=O #Oz f# qK< "`O #
4. q=$`O` (open ends) `~Q ` _ A.M. # Q}O K=K
211. "Upward Bias" ` W|Ok_ p OY Uk? ( )
1. Laspeyere's Index Number 2. Paasche's Index number
3. + ~ p OY 4. " g H=
212. "Down ward Bias" ` W|Ok_ p OY Uk? ( )
1. Laspeyere's Index Number 2. Paasche's Index number
3. + ~ p OY 4. " g H=
213. Hi=~# sH ~A= H|_O>. ( )
P1q1
1. P 01
X P10 = 1 2. P 01
X Q 01
= P0q0

3. P X P X P = 1
01 12 20
4. " g H=
214. H~H i=# sH ^xx `#. ( )
P1Q1
1. P 01
X P10 = 1 2. P 01
X Q01 = P Q
0 0
3. P 01
X P12 X P20 = 1 4. " g H=

209.(1) 210.(4) 211.(1) 212.(2) 213.(1) 214.(2)

z~Orq 140 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
215. KH sH (Circular Test) ^xx `#. ( )
P1q1
1. P 01
X P10 = 1 2. P01
X P01 = P q
0 0

3. P X P X P = 1
01 12 20
4. " g H=
216. HOk "x x\ ># O`$ ~K x p. ( )
1. =# q+ p OY 2. ~ p OY
3. p OY 4. + ~ p OY
217. ~ O_ q= JOH=^=O, Q}=^=O 10 =i 8. J~#K P ~ O_ q= Uq? ( )
1) 11 =i 9 2) 12 =i 8 3) 14 =i 6 4) 16 =i 4
218. =^Q`O =i HO ~ O_#. ( )
1. Q}` Q@
2. # Q@
3. OH+ Q@ 4. `~K Q =K Q@

219. D HOk"\ Uk =^Q`O =#O J~#k? ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. HO 3. Q 2
4. Q}=^=O
220. HOk "\ " # q~} =#O Uk? ( )
1. K` ~O qK#O 2. =^ qH qK#O 3. =}H qK#O 4. "
221. D HOk ^xx H=OQ [`~ K O _. ( )
e 1 3
22 e 2
3
4
Z. Quartile deviation 1. =}H qK#O 5
= =O`

a. Mean deviation 2. =}H qK#O = =O`


. 68.27% JO 3. JOH=^=O
_. 95.45% JO 4. JOH=^=O
5. JOH=^=O
1) Z 2, a 1, 3, _ 4 2) Z 1, a 2, 4, _ 3
3) Z 1, a 2, 5, _ 3 4) Z 2, a 1, 3, _ 5
222. ^`OOx qq^ `~Q ` Oz` #<# P^~OQ K Hx w|_# ~ Y# U=O\~?
1. Oz` ## ~ Y (Fl") 2. # z`O (Q") ( )
3. HQ" 4. = x#

215.(3) 216.(1) 217.(4) 218.(2) 219.(3) 220.(4) 221.(1) 222.(1)

z~Orq 141 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
223. ^`OOx qq^ JO "\ ^#`#|\ ~# W Q}# K |_# Q@ # U=O\~?
1. JOH=^=O 2. i` Q@ 3. Q@ qK#O 4. = x ( )
224. ^`OOx q=# ~ O_ =# Q K@C_ =K q=. ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. HO 3. =^Q`O 4. ~=^=O
225. ^`OO Z=~ HxOK q=, Z= #<x Hey# q= Uk? ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. =^Q`O 3. ~=^=O 4. HO
226. Wz# q= =`= JOHQ} ` Q@ H =`=x W JO\~. ( )
1. ~=^=O 2. Q} =^=O 3. HO 4. Q@ qK#O
227. P~} H J=~} H=O J=i# ^`Ox <Q =# QQ K =_ aO^=.
1. ^OO 2. OK=OO 3. K` ~OO 4. `OO ( )
228. ^`Ox J~} H J=~} H=O J=i#_ S^ =# QQ K <Q aO^=.
1. ^OO 2. OK=OO 3. K` ~OO 4. `OO ( )
229. P~} H J=~} H=O J=i# ^`Ox 8 =# QQ K U_ aO^=. ( )
1. ^OO 2. OK=OO 3. JOO 4. `OO
230. JOH=^=O H =^Q`O #O_ u q= Q qK#O ^# , |} Q~ # =^e" x~~ OK|_#
q~}=#=. ( )
1. Q@ qK#O 2. =^= qK#O
3. =}H qK#O 4. K` ~O qK#O
231. JOH=^=O #O_ =z# qK< =~ H Q@ =~= q=# U=O\~? ( )
1. Q@ qK#O 2. =^= qK#O
3. =}H qK#O 4. K` ~O qK#O
232. q[HO H "x, ~ ~ Y# `ek? ( )
1. # z`O 2. "+ = O 3. =# O=`~ Y 4. = x
233. =^qH qK<x Q@ K yOKQ aOKk? ( )
1. " Q}HO 2. =}H qK# Q}HO
3. =^= qK# Q}HO 4. K` ~O qK# Q}HO
234. =}H qK# =~= # U=O\~? ( )
1. "+ = O 2. qK~} O 3. | l 4. q $u

223.(2) 224.(3) 225.(4) 226.(1) 227.(3) 228.(2) 229.(3) 230.(2)


231.(3) 232.(2) 233.(3) 234.(4)

z~Orq 142 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
235. ~ O_ ^ JO`HO > Z= K< =^ L# O|O^x `e* _xH L yOK Q}OH
^# O. ( )
1. O|O^O 2. =^Q`O 3. "+ = O 4. q $u
236. H O^ Q}OH ==# ZC_ O K~ (CSO). ( )
1. 1950 2. 1951 3. 1952 4. 1953
237. H O^ Q}OH O (CSO) ^ # H~O ZK@ =Ok? ( )
1. HH` 2. #_b 3. =O 4. ^~^
\ (ISI) L# ^ " k?
238. WO_ < \ H W<@ ( )
1. HH` 2. _b 3. =O 4. H
239. <+# O ~ (NSS) ZC_ ~OaOz<~? ( )
1. 1930 2. 1940 3. 1950 4. 1951
240. N.S.S. (National Sample Survey), N.S.S.O. Q ZC_ =iOk? ( )
1. 1960 2. 1965 3. 1970 4. 1975
241. q[#O Q `~`= # `H=_xH Wk L QO. ( )
1. "+ = = 2. Oz` ##= 3. Q" 4. = x
242. H O^ # q=, J q[#=` Q JO Q `_. ( )
1. q~} 2. "+ = O 3. q $u 4. = x
243. iqH L`` p J<k. ( )
1. ^~ p 2. r=# = p 3. Ja=$k p 4. i=} p
244. ~ _" _ ^ , |@ Q@ A # H#Q#_xH L`= "# Q@ Uk. ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. HO 3. Q}=^=O 4. =^ Q`O
245. Oz` ## =H~ Y# D q^O Q ~ . ( )
1. Fl" =H~Y 2. # z`O 3. O=` =H~Y 4. = x
246. ~Q^ ^ `~ Q^ ~ @# H#Q#_xH Wk L Q_ #. ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. HO 3. Q}=^=O 4. =^Q`O
247. XH iqH O Q@ "`# O x~~ OK_xH L`= "# Q@ Uk? ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. HO 3. Q}=^=O 4. =^Q`O
248. HOk "i Q}OHG ` Z=~? ( )
1. ~< 2. ~< + ~ 3. H 4. =Q~
235.(1) 236.(2) 237.(2) 238.(1) 239.(3) 240.(3) 241.(1) 242.(1)
243.(4) 244.(2) 245.(1) 246.(3) 247.(1) 248.(2)

z~Orq 143 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
249. L=_ Q}` Q@ # D HOk "\ ^xH Q}O KO ? ( )
1. JOH=^=O 2. Q}=^=O 3. ~=^=O 4. =^ Q`O
250. += ^`OO D HOk "x ^xx O`$ ~ K #? ( )
1. =^Q`= Q > Q =^Q`= 2. =^Q`= Q = Q =^Q`=
1 3 1 3

3. =^Q`= Q < Q =^Q`= 4. =^Q`= + Q = Q =^Q`=


1 3 1 3

251. HOk "\ Uk ~ # k ( )


1. JOH=^=O 1 =}H qK#O 68.27%= JOO
2. JOH=^=O 2 =}H qK#O 95.45%= JOO
3. JOH=^=O 3 =}H qK#O 99.73%= JOO
4. = x i #"
252. + ~ p OY O|OkOz i #k. ( )
1. ~, j Q}=^=O
2. Wk P^~ O=`~, ` O=`~ i=}# fO@Ok
3. Wk H i=~# , H~H i=~# sH# O`$ ~ K #
4. = x i #"
253. ="~O #Oz x"~O =~ XH #Q~ Q@ =~`O 0.3 Inches. Pk"~O JkH =~`O =
Q@ =~`O 0.5 Inches iyOk. 5532==22,J~`
1 1x
x Pk"~O =~`O ZO`? ( )
1) 1.2 Inches 2) 1.8 Inches 3) 1.7 Inches 4) 2.0 Inches
254. 5, 8, 13, 7, 6, 3 JOH=^=O. ( )
1) 5 2) 6 3) 7 4) 8
255. U^< ## q[# } GM, HM, AM =#` D q^O Q LO_#. ( )
1. HM GM AM 2. GM AM HM 3. GM HM AM 4. AM GM HM
256. HO 174, =^Q`O 142 J~` P ^`OO. ( )
1. ^< `H "+ = O} 2. ~<`H "+ = O} 3. += ^`OO 4. k <n H^
257. N = N = 10 =i
1 2
, J~< L=_ JOH=^=O ZO`? ( )
1) 6 2) 60 3) 30 4) 3
258. 300 =Ok q^~ J~ GO =~ Q@ 45. "^\ 100 =Ok q^~ Q@ 70, `~ "`
100 =Ok q^~ Q@ 20. qye# 100 =Ok q^~ =~ Q@ ZO`? ( )
1) 30 2) 45 3) 60 4) UnH^
249.(4) 250.(2) 251.(4) 252.(4) 253.(3) 254.(3) 255.(4) 256.(2)
257.(3) 258.(2)

z~Orq 144 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
259. =sH$ ` ^`OxH " gx =^ =`=. ( )
1. z# `~Q u H ZQ= J=k, kQ= J=k =^ `_
2. ^ `~Q u JO`~O H ZQ=, kQ= ==^ =^ `_
3. z# `~Q u JO`~O H kQ= J=k, ^ `~Q u JO`~O H ZQ= J=k =^ `_
4. Un H^
260. [` K =. ( )

Z. Semi-Inter Quartile Range 1.

Q3 Q1
a. Inter Quartile Range 2. 2

. Co-efficient of Quartile deviation 3. Q 3


Q1

1) Z 3, a 2, 1 2) Z 1, a 3, 2
3) Z 2, a 3, 1 4) Z 2, a 1, 3
261. Variance (q $u) J#Q. ( )
2M2Q
1QD
D3M
1) 2) 3) 4)
1Q + 3Q

262. p#, i`# [`K


O_. ( )
e 1 (p) e 2 (i`O)
Z. ~ ^~ p 1. Q 1

a. ~ i=} p 2. Q 0

. j ^~ p 3. P o

_. j i=} p 4. P 1

1) Z-1, a-2, -3, _-4 2) Z-2, a-3, -4, _-1


3) Z-1, a-4, -2, _-3 4) Z-2, a-3, -1, _-4

259.(3) 260.(3) 261.(2) 262.(4)

z~Orq 145 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY

27.04.2008# [iy# Endowment


E.O. Examination Economics Paper

1. '} H=#= : (2)


Range is the measure of :
1. XHQ @ 2. q~ }
3. O|O^O 4. OY p
2. H~ ~< H [ O|O^ Q}H= ^xH =^ (3)
Karl Pearson's co-efficient of correlation lies between :
1. -2 #O_ {2 2. #O #O_ {1 3. -1 #O_ {1 4. ^ n H^
3. ~ M Q}` = '~O*~ Y ^xx J^ #= K # : (4)
Lorenz curve is a graphic method of studying :
1. O|O^= 2.OY -p 3. Q@ 4. q~ }

4. D HOk "x q+ } KOH= =^ H O|O^= # `= (3)
which analysis help us to determine the degree of relationship between variables?
1. q~ }
2. OY - p 3. -O|O^= 4. Q@

5. @O| |_@
# H OK q^#=#... ^~ p : (3)
Family budget method is a method to calculate .... price index.
1. \^~ 2. z~ 3. qxQ^~x 4. ^ n H^
6. ` =-Z= q= Hey# JO= =^ JO`~= # : (4)
The difference between the value of the smallest item and the value of the largest item included in
the distribution is called :
1. =^ == 2. =^ Q`= 3. su 4. "
7. D HOk "x U OM G H=#= Ju^ =i z# q= =# q`OH^ (1)
Which one of the following statistical measures is not affected by extremely large or small values?
1. =^ Q`= 2. ~ =^ == 3. Q}H =~ 4. =}H qK#O
8. D HOk "x U ^~ zH = O=`~=# ~=Q fH<^~ : (2)
The price index that uses base year quantities as weights is called :
1. j p 2. ~ p 3. + ~ p 4. \ ^~ p
9. '=~@ K@= # Z=~ =$ki z<~? (2)
Who developed the 'Market Law' ?

1. P_" ` 2. *.a. 3. \.P~.= 4. _q_ iH~


z~Orq 146 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
ECONOMY
10. =^# L`u x+u J#Q : (2)
Capital - output ratio refers to :
1. =^# Px O^~ @HQ =^# =
2. XH x\ L`ux K @HQ =^# x@
3. qxQ == # L`u K @HQ =^# x@ 4. ^ n H^
11. ''Hh H+ =~` ^O`=# Z=~ ukOz<~? (1)
The 'critical minimum effort' theory is put forth by :
1. K.| < < 2. ~l<< ~_< 3. _| .Z.q 4. *.K.H
12. 'H\ H - ==# Z=~ "_<~ : (4)
The 'demonstration effect' was coined by :
1. *< ~a#< 2. *.H .Q` 3. *.ZO.H< 4. *" _< s
13. Z=~ ''= q[ ## =~@ iq`= Jxi : (1)
The statement "The division of labour is limited by the extent of the market" is given by :
1. P_" ` 2. *.a. 3. _q_ iH~ 4. P _ =~
14. O`e` =$k J#Q : (3)
Balanced growth means :
1. L`u = - ` H \~O
2. =#~ H \~O =# O
3. PiH == x Jx Q= H="# =$k
4. qq^ ~OQ= =$k ["# =$k
15. q+==x U JO= : (3)
The vicious circle argument points the connection between :
1. P^= =i [< 2. @|_ =i OHuH
3. L`^H` =i P^= 4. ^ =i =^# =
16. L^=^~_ ^x` ^Qi O|O^= H^ : (1)
Entrepreneurship is most closely associated with :
1. #= H# 2. #`# H#
3. ==~ ^ ` 4. >H- F=~ ...
17. XH ^= H Ja=$k ~ @ x~
O= : (4)
A country's rate of growth is determined by the :
1. Q@
^ =$u 2. - y~H PK^#
3. ~ ~ ^~ K@= 4. =^~ gH~}
~ @

z~Orq 147 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
18. ~ O_= OK=~ }oH Z=~ ==? (2)
The Second Five year Plan of India was based on :
1. ~_ -_=~ #=< 2. = <a - #=<
3. ~* =i < #=< 4. =< #=<
= (PQLI) ^x P^~_ ##k?
19. 'rq` zH uH H} (1)
The physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) is based on :
1. JH~ ` `=, =~}= =i rq` H=
2. i_ P~ , h~ Q$=u =i P~Q =
3. i` =` , q^ =i OH = H~H== 4. = h#
20. Ja=$k P~O ^ [<-q@#= ZO^=# [~Q# : (2)
In the initial stages of development, population explosion occurs primarily due to :
1. [#< ~ @ f= =$k 2. =~} ~ @ `Q ^
3. [## =i =~} ~ @ `~ Q^ 4. = ~ @ ~Q^
21. PiHa=$k '^O^`= J#Q (2)
Dualism in development economies refers to :
1. ^O^ ^~ q^#=
2. #= =i O^ ~OQ=O_@ =#
3. " @
=i ` ~OQ= =Hb#=Q O_@ =#
4. ==Q` " # =i J==Q` " # == =Hb#=Q O_@ =#
22. D HOk"x Uk Z= '=O^ -J#|O^O O|OkOz#k : (3)
Which among the following has the highest forward linkage?
1. ` 2. P~^ #= 3. W#= - L 4. O`=
23. +O@~, PiHa=$k ^xH ^#qK~? (3)
For economic development, Schumpeter gives importance to :
1. ~ u ^~ 2. L^=^~ 3. #=H# 4. #`# He`
24. ~ ^ O~ L^y` =`=# Z=~ ukOK~?( 2 )
The term 'Golden age of full employment equilibrium' has been coined by :
1. l. q~ 2. *. ~a<< 3. =~ 4. *.ZO.H<

z~Orq 148 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
A.P.P.S.C
GROUP - II 2008
1. 2006 O. " \# *f Qg} Lk ^H = H x*# ijeO=? (4)
Z) < }=x "iH 100 ~A Lk Q~O\ ^H =
a) H O^ `= D ^H = #_`Ok.
) D ^H = *f P~= H^ x J< ^H = H#k.
_) Qg} O` P ~H # J<k D ^H O =Y H O.
"\:
1) Z, a =i i #q 2) a, =i _ i #q
3) Z, a =i _ i #q 4) Z, =i _ i #q
2. ~`^ = H s "`= ZQ=` ZH_H " K#q? (3)
1) WOQO_ (U.K.) 2) K< 3) .Z.Z. 4) .Z.W.
3. Ju ` = eOQ x+u (, ~+) Q ~+= ? (4)
1) H~ 2) `q<_ 3) PO^^ 4) i<
4. J<H ~H `= Z=Q P^~_ k (2)
1) J} q^` 2) ^~ q^` 3) =# q^` 4) [ q^`
5. "~= =# iQ = O_@ =# "~= O_@ (3)
1) ~H ^ =^ "~= 2) ~Q"i =^ "~=
3) ^ =^ "~= O_@
4) "~= =# iQ = H =@O =# "~= O_@
6. ~` ^O J`kH= Q Q# L`u K ~+= Uk? (3)
1) " OQ 2) =^ ^ 3) Xi 4) c~
7. RBI H ` Q=~~ Z=~? (2)
1) ~OQ~[< 2) ". a.~_ 3) J"e 4) _H~ =<"< OQ
8. ^ ^xH ux^ = =O k. (3)
1) P^ KH " ~Q^ 2) <`HOQ# =i |}`HOQ#
3) KH "= `~ Q^ 4) q Un H^
9. ^H O_= OK=~ }oH =$k ~ @ H = (\~\ ) ZO`? (3)
1) 7% 2) 8.5% 3) 9% 4) 9.2%
10. ~ O_ ~OQ #=< =`O LO_\xH H=# i` (2)
1) q+ P^= q+ == 2) ^ @|_
3) ZQ=` kQ=` 4) # ` ==
11. D HOk "\ XH\ ^=O +O K U*h H^ (1)
1) @O|= =i ~|_ 2) "}[ O 3) H O^ O 4) `=
z~Orq 149 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530
ECONOMY
12. XH i= ZC_ M~ _ `Ok. (1)
1) x~O`~O Q qQ L`u O_=@ 2) P^ ~|_ J#Q}OQ ^= "= ~Q@
3) Y~ Q qye# LO_=# ^xH< ` = LO_@
4) ^# = ^~ H< K ^~ ^# =# Z=Q fH< L#Y`
13. XH PiH == " \ aH ~OQ r=<x U=x ~ ? (4)
1) xO`} PiH == 2) @|_^s q^#=
3) =^ O`~ ~OQ= 4) q= PiH ==
14. LO` == q iqu (1)
1) XH H~ HO> ` = 2) XH\ =i ~ O_ H~ =^
3) ~ O_ #O_ <Q H~ =^ 3) <Q #O_ k H~ =^
15. PiH J=#`# `yO K ` H ^u D HOk "\ Uk? (4)
1) =~} (Estate) OH= 2) O^ #
3) P^ # 4) == q Qi+ iqu
16. *f P^= Z= "`= U ~OQ= #O_ =KK#k? (2)
1) ` ~OQ= 2) " @ ~OQ= 3) xH ~OQ= 4) " \ Un H^
17. qxQ^~x qQ J< =# U q^#= L Q_ `Ok? (2)
1) ^= q^#= 2) # q^#=
3) @|_ q^#= 4) H~H u x~~ OK_O
18. _| .*. = L^ H~= ` H ^= _=O_ g\ P^~_ # (1)
1) P^= =i =_ ~ @ 2) =_ ~ @ =i O_ ^~
3) ^= =i P^= 4) =_ ~ @ =i ^=
19. i[~ O P WO_ XH\ ` Jx H~ h <@# *s K O k. (4)
1) 500 ~ <@ 2) 100 ~ <@
3) 10 ~ <@ 4) 1 ~~ <@
20. NABARD _~ Q g\H # (JC) WO k. (4)
1) z# ~ ` 2) Q= "~ 3) z# "~ 4) " \ ^xH H^
21. WO_ _=" O\ OH P WO_ J<k XH (3)
1) P~.a.S H H O 2) P~.a.S H Q=
3) `O` ` ~OQ O 4) " @
~OQ O
22. ~`^ O \~ =i i= =Y"# `# +OKK#q ZO^H#Q (4)
1) L^Q J=H= OO^K#q 2) PiH H H OnH~} `yO KK#q
3) PiH J=#` `yO KK#q 4) = x

z~Orq 150 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
23. ~`^ O #QsH~} ~Q\ xH H~}"q\? (4)
1) #Q~O i= =i "~= ~Q@=# 2) Qg} O` JkH [< =u_
3) == ~OQ= J L`^H` 4) = x
24. ~`^ O ^~ ~Q^ == (4)
1) BoP # u == 2) @|_ u ==
3) P^ J=#` 4) = x
25. Zxq^= OK=~ }oH "^ \# k U O=`~= ? (3)
1) [#=i 1, 1989 2) [#=i 1, 1990 3) U 1, 1992 4) U 1, 1991
26. ~` *f P^= ^q H ~OQ= H =z` `= ZO`? ( )
1) 40 2) 50 3) 60 4) 70 i# =^#= 20%
27. ~`^ }oH O K~ < (2)
1) ~` _O @ 2) ~` ^ x
3) PiH =Ou 4) =Q~ ~>+< (XHi `~` XH~ =O`) ^u
28. P~= =i Z~= a_ g\ Wq_ L<~? (2)
1) =^# =O 2) ~ "# =O 3) q^# |}= 4) =x
29. H O^ `= H @|_ = ^ =^~=# `=. (1)
1) =~@ |} 2) |~` |} 3) z# ^ 4) q_O\ O _
30. ~`^ O Z= @} Hey# ~+= Uk? (4)
1) =~+ 2) L`~ ^ 3) =^ ^ 4) `q<_
31. P^= =i == O|OkOz# ` q^<x U=x ~ ? (4)
1) ^= q^#= 2) "~ q^#= 3) PiH q^#= 4) H q^#=
32. D HOk "\x [` ~ K= : (3)
Z) <Q~# Q~ 1) " OQ
a) ~_ 2. Xi
) ^"^~ "b 3) PO^^
4) H~@H
Z a
1) 1 2 3
2) 4 3 2
3) 3 2 1
4) 2 1 4

z~Orq 151 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530


ECONOMY
33. ~`^ = H ~ O_= OK=~ }oH ~ H# K# k Z=~? (2)
1) |#O^ 2) =<a 3) ~__=~ 4) KH=i
34. U OK=~ }oH PtOz# =$k ~ @ qOz# "= =$k ~ @ LO_#k. (1)
1) "^\ # 2) ~ O_= # 3) S^= # 4) U_= #
35. D HOk "x i= n~H eH q`x JOkOK O Uk? (1)
1) S._.a.S. 2) Z.a.S. 3) Z.S.. 4) P~.a.S.
36. ~` ^O a\+ i< H= D HOk "x Uk B^yH @|_ =i = "}[=#
Qi H|_^ . (3)
1) OH x ` s== ~`= kQ=`
2) ~` kQ=` a\+" ~ qkOz# Z= H" OH
3) ~ x~}=# a\+" ~ K# PiH =
4) [#<~ i= a\+" ~ \# Z= @|_
37. ~` ^= `O`= ~H=O^ "^\ iQ *u^x H Oz#^=~? (4)
1) Z".Z<.~ 2) q.H.P~.q.~" 3) H .Z<.~* 4) ^^ <~l
38. D HOk "x ~`^ = a\+ i< =O QiOz Uk x[= H^? (2)
1) ` s == # O_ kQ=u K H#@
2) # O_ ~` <` == .H. kQ=u
3) a\+" ~ ~`= [#<~ i=# Ja=$k ~K @
4) ~` ^= \~ =i z#`~ i= `y =@
39. ^iHO ` H PH=} J< =~K# D HOk "\ XH\ QO H^ (4)
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3) *f Qg} L^Q ^H = 4) @O| xO`} ^H =
40. ~`^ O Z= "`O "~= K ^ (4)
1) D ~ < ^ 2) XH (OPEC) ^
3) Ja=$k KOk# XH (OPEC) Hx ^ 4) _.W.._.^
41. u (H H#) J<k (3)
1) H#|\ "qH` 2) H# "qH` H =_O
3) xi+" # "\x TOK H 4) ^x Un H^
42. L`u H~H ^$ *f`uH# =~\ ^~ *f`u Z=Q LO_@ H~}O ( 3 )
1) ~H # 2) a_
3) ~H # a_ 4) ~H #{a_

z~Orq 152 Cell : 9490942125, 9959513530