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Service Training

MALAGA

Large Track Type Tractors

1. ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


1. Components Layout
2. Operation
3. Testing & Adjusting

Adolfo
May 1997
Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B

ENGINE OIL COOLER

COOLANT FLOW SWITCH


ENGINE OIL PUMP

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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B

FUEL PRIMING PUMP SECONDARY FUEL FILTERS

PRIMARY FUEL FILTERS ENGINE ECM

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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B
EUI
CYLINDER HEADS
MUI AND EUI
MUI
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1-5

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


SECONDARY FUEL

Large Track Type Tractors


FILTER PRESSURE
REGULATOR
ECM
TRANSFER
PUMP
FUEL TANK
PRIMARY
FILTER

FUEL TANK
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1-6

3508B FUEL SUPPLY CIRCUIT


FUEL
RETURN FUEL PRESSURE
REGULATOR
CYLINDER
HEAD

PRIMING PUMP SUPPLY

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


Large Track Type Tractors
DIFFERENTIAL SECONDARY
PRESSURE FUEL FILTERS
SWITCH

PRIMARY
FUEL FUEL
FILTER TRANSFER
FUEL PUMP ECM
TANK
Page:
BASIC ENGINE BLOCK DIAGRAM CAT Data Link
APPLICATION BLOCK DIAGRAM
P26 T/C CONNECTOR
ECM
DISCONNECT
1-7

GROUND SWITCH BATTERY


BOLT
J2

J1
8/12/16 GROUND BOLT 24 V
INJECTORS 15 AMP
BREAKER
MACHINE
INTERFACE
CONNECTOR
SPEED/TIMING
SENSOR
THROTTLE
POSITION
COOLANT UNFILTERED OIL SENSOR
TEMPERATURE KEY START
PRESSURE SWITCH
SENSOR SENSOR
GROUND
LEVEL
AFTERCOOLER FILTERED OIL THROTTLE SHUTDOWN
TEMPERATURE PRESSURE BACK-UP SWITCH
SENSOR SENSOR SWITCH
+ BATTERY

LOW OIL ATMOSPHERIC


LEVEL PRESSURE CYLINDER

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


SWITCH SENSOR STARTING RELAY
AID SWITCH ENGINE
LEFT

Large Track Type Tractors


FUEL FILTER
DIFFERENTIAL TURBOCHARGER ETHER START VALVE
PRESSURE SWITCH INLET PRESSURE
SENSOR USER DEFINED SHUTDOWN

COOLANT RIGHT
TURBOCHARGER ELECTRONIC SERVICE
FLOW TOOL CONNECTOR
SWITCH INLET PRESSURE
SENSOR

LEFT TURBOCHARGER
TURBOCHARGER OUTLET
EXHAUST PRESSURE SENSOR
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR CRANKCASE
PRESSURE
SENSOR
RIGHT
TURBOCHARGER ENGINE FAN
EXHAUST CONTROL
TEMPERATURE SOLENOID
SENSOR

A/C ON
SWITCH
FAN PRESSURE SENSOR
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ECM
+V ANALOG A 36 +V ANALOG SUPPLY
ENGINE COOLANT ANALOG RETURN
1-8

ANALOG RETURN B 30
TEMPERATURE SENSOR SIGNAL C

+V ANALOG A
ENGINE OIL ANALOG RETURN B
PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL C

+V ANALOG A
TURBO OUTLET ANALOG RETURN B
PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL C

+V ANALOG A
RIGHT TURBO INLET ANALOG RETURN B
PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL C

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


5 0.5 VOLTS

Large Track Type Tractors


+V ANALOG A
ATMOSPHERIC ANALOG RETURN B
PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL C

+V ANALOG A
LEFT TURBO INLET ANALOG RETURN B
PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL C

+V ANALOG A
CRANKCASE ANALOG RETURN B
PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL C

+V ANALOG A
FAN PUMP ANALOG RETURN B
PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL C
8 0.5 VOLTS
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THROTTLE
POSITION SENSOR J35 P35 P1 J1 ECM
+V DIGITAL A 29 + V DIGITAL SUPPLY
DIGITAL RETURN B 35 - V DIGITAL RETURN
SIGNAL C

LEFT EXHAUST
TEMPERATURE SENSOR J30 P30
+V DIGITAL A
DIGITAL RETURN B
SIGNAL C

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


RIGHT EXHAUST
TEMPERATURE SENSOR J31 P31

Large Track Type Tractors


+V DIGITAL A
DIGITAL RETURN B
SIGNAL C

12 1 VOLTS
SPEED TIMING SENSOR
J84 P84 P1 J1 ENGINE ECM
+V DIGITAL A 32 + 12V SPD//TIM SNSR SUPPLY
DIGITAL RETURN B 29 DIGITAL RETURN
SIGNAL C 38 ENG SPEED/TIMING SNSR
Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B

ENGINE DERATES

ALTITUDE COMPENSATION
-DERATES APPROX 1% PER kPa TO A MAX OF 24% (if above 10000
feet)

AIR INLET RESTRICTION


- CALCULATES DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ATMOSPHERIC
PRESSURE SENSOR AND TURBO INLET PRESSURE

-FUEL LIMITED BY 1% IF RESTRICTION 25 INCHES WATER


(6,5kPa)

MAXIMUM DERATE 20%

EXHAUST TEMPERATURE DERATE

-- TORQUE MAP REDUCED BY 2% WHEN TURBINE (LEFT OR


RIGHT) IS ABOVE 750C FOR 60 SECS

- MAXIMUM DERATE 20%

DATA LINK TRANSMISSION ERROR DERATE

-- CAT DATA LINK ERROR (296-09) INDICATES INFORMATION


FROM POWERTRAIN IS RECEIVED INCORRECTLY

- FAULT 296-09 FOR FIVE MINUTES CAUSES 20% DERATE

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ACCORDING TO ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE


100% 7,500

98% 8,210

96% 8,920
PERCENT OF FULL LOAD POWER

94% 9,630

92% 10,340

ALTITUDE IN FEET
90% 11,050

88% 11,760

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


86% 12,470

Large Track Type Tractors


84% 13,180

82% 13,890

80% 14,600

78% 15,310

76% 16,020

74% 16,730

72% 17,440

77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE IN kPa


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340 49.3

320 46.4

300
300 43.5

280 40.6

250
OIL PRESSURE IN kPa

OIL PRESSURE IN PSI


260 37.7

240 E 34.8

220 LIN 31.9

200 ET 29

RES
180
E 26.1

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


160
LIN 23.2
P

Large Track Type Tractors


140 I LOW OIL PRESSURE REGION 20.3

120 TR 17.4
94
100 14.5

80 11.6

60 8.7
50 44
40

600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000

ENGINE RPM
kPa x 0.145 = PSI
Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B
E-TRIM CODES
SERIAL No. BAR CODE
SERIAL No.
TRADE MARK

TRIM CODE
PART No.
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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B

COLD START LOGIC

ECM automaticalty stop injection


to non- firing injectors until the
engine warm up based on water temp.

ECM cutout each cylinder for a


brief amount of time to see if that
injector is contributing to power.
If not, injection will be stop to that
cylinder, ECM will retest any cutout
cylinder every so often.

HELPS REDUCE WHITE SMOKE DURING


ENGINE WARM UP

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1-15

ENGINE ECM FEATURES

Throttle Lock

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


Large Track Type Tractors
Fan Control

Ether Injection System


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1-16

THROTTLE LOCK CIRCUIT

RIGHT BRAKE PEDAL SWITCH


P1 J1 ECM
998-BR F722-OR 13 Throttle Lock RH Brake (NO)
F721-GY 19 Throttle Lock RH Brake (NC)
998-BR 998-BR 29 Digital Return
J3 P3 F706-PU 27 Throttle Lock ON Lamp

CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B


F717-YL 14 Throttle Lock Set/Declerate
THROTTLE 2 F718-BU 20 Throttle Lock Resume/Accelerate
LOCK LAMP
113-OR BATT+

Large Track Type Tractors


F719-BR 24 Throttle Lock ON/OFF
998-BR
THROTTLE LOCK
SET/DECLERATION SW
998-BR
THROTTLE LOCK
RESUME/ACCLERATION SW

998-BR
THROTTLE LOCK SW
Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B

THROTTLE LOCK CIRCUIT


SIMILAR TO CRUISE CONTROL
USES ENGINE SPEED AS REFERENCE (Not vehicle speed)

COMPONENTS

- THROTTLE LOCK SWITCH


- Sets throttle lock ON/OFF

- THROTTLE LOCK LAMP

- SET/DECELERATION SWITCH
-Sets desired speed
-Speed loweredby 20 rpm every time switch pressed
-Speed lowered by 50 rpm / sec holding switch down

- RESUME / ACCELERATION SWITCH


--Speed increased by 20 rpm every time switch pressed

-Speed increased by 50 rpm / sec holding switch down

-Resumes set speed if throttle lockcancelled with brake


- RIGHT BRAKE PEDAL SWITCH

-Dissables throttle lock

-Invalid brake signal also dissables throttle lock

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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B

HYDRAULIC ENGINE FAN CONTROL CIRCUIT

HYDRAULIC FAN
SOLENOID VALVE
ENGINE ECM
P86 J86 P2 J2

2 F700-BU 19 HYDRAULIC FAN


1 E799-BR 07 PWM DRIVE AND SOL RETURN

997OR 36 +5V ANALOG SUPPLY


COOLANT TEMP 993BR 30 ANALOG SENSOR RETURN
SENSOR 995-BU 09 COOLANT TEMP SENSOR

IMPLEMENT OIL
TEMP SENSOR
I/F 1 DATA LINK

SOLENOID VALVE CONTROLS OIL SUPPLY TO MOTOR


- INCREASES OR DECREASES FAN SPEED
- PROPORTIONAL VALVE (RECEIVES PWM SIGNAL)
INPUT COOLANT TEMP SENSOR
- ABOVE 98 C FAN SPEED MAXIMUM
- BELOW 95 C FAN SPEED MINIMUM
-FAN SPEED CHANGES AS HYD PUMP VARIES WITH ENGINE SPEED
IMPUT IMPLEMENT OIL TEMP SENSOR
- DESIRED TEMPERATURE 70C

FAN SPEED GOES TO MAXIMUM


- OVERSPEED
- ELECTRICAL FAULT IN FAN CIRCUIT
FAN SPEED GOES TO MINIMUM
- LUG
- ACCELERATION
CAN BE OVERRIDEN BY SERVICE TOOL FOR TESTING
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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B

P2 J2
ETHER INJECTION SYSTEM CONTROL GROUP
(3408E/E3412E) SPEED TIMING
SENSOR
ETHER SWITCH J3 P3 P1 J1
23 F708-YL 28 ETHER SW LAMP
9 998-BR 29 DIGITAL RETURN
39 ETHER REQUEST
721-GY 19
21 COOLANT
710-BR 40 ETHER CONTROL TEMP SENSOR
200-BK

200-BK FROM
P37 J37
+ CYLINDER
308-YL 310-PK 1
2

+24V RELAY ETHER


TO ENGINE
START VALVE

ETHER INJECTION SYSTEM


- CONTROLLED BY ENGINE ECM

- INPUTS FROM SPEED/TIMING AND COOLANT TEMP SENSOR

- FLOW DETERMINED BY ENGINE SPEED AND TEMPERATURE

- ENABLED IF COOLANT TEMP < 10C & SPEED BETWEEN 50 & 1900
RPM

- MANUAL MODE IF ABOVE PARAMETERS PERMIT

-FIVE SECS MAX BEFORE ENGINE CRANKED

-AS LONG AS MANUAL SWITCH IS PRESSED IF RPM BELOW


1900

- STATUS READ ON ET

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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B
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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B
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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B
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Large Track Type Tractors
CHAPTER : ENGINE CONTROL 3508B
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