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# DEPARTMENT OF MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING SRI KRISHNA COLLEGE OF

## ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, Coimbatore-08

Technical Quiz
Semester: II Date: ______________
Name of the subject: Basics of electric circuits and electron devices
Name of the Student:____________________________________ . Reg. No.: _______________ .

## Marks (out of 50):___________

Please answer the following questions by choosing one of the given choices.
1. In what type of circuit is the total resistance smaller than the smallest resistance?
A. Serial circuits of resistors
B. Parallel circuits of resistors
2. What is the difference between potential and voltage?
A. No difference
B. The voltage is the product of the two potentials
C. The voltage is the sum of two potentials
D. The voltage is the difference of two potentials
3. For which of the following wave forms is this statement true: VRMS = VPeak
A. Sine
B. Square
C. Triangle
D. Ramp
E. Saw-tooth
4. What is the direction of the current flow in a closed DC circuit?
A. From the more positive to the more negative potential
B. From the more negative to the more positive potential
C. It depends on the components in the circuit
D. It alternates back and forth from negative to positive
E. None of the above
5. Charge in motion is called...
A. Retentivity
B. Conductance
C. Flux
D. Resistance
E. Current
6. The unit of potential difference is the
B. Watt
C. Siemens
D. Volt
E. Ampere
7. Suppose you double the voltage in a simple DC circuit, and cut the resistance in half. The
current will become
A. Half as great
B. Twice as great
C. The same as it was before
D. 8 times as great
E. 4 times as great
8. The DC voltage in a circuit is 550mV and the current is 7.2mA. What is the resistance?
A. 0.76 ohms
B. 76 ohms
C. 0.0040 ohms
D. 39.6 ohms
E. 42 ohms
9. A material that has extremely high electrical resistance is known as
A. A semiconductor
B. A paraconductor
C. A resistor
D. An insulator
E. A diamagnetic substance
10. The length of time between a point in one cycle and the same point in the next cycle of an AC
wave is the
A. Frequency
B. Magnitude
C. Amplitude
D. Period
E. Peak to peak value
11. A capacitor stores electrical energy as
A. Current
B. Voltage
C. A magnetic field
D. An electric field
E. None of the above
12. A series circuit has 7 ohm, 9 ohm, and 10 ohm resistors; what is its total resistance?
A. 26 ohms
B. 6 ohms
C. 23.9 ohms
D. 22 ohms
E. 5.3 ohms
13. What is current in a circuit with a potential difference of 240V and a resistance of 75 ohms?
A. 3.0 A
B. 3.5 A
C. 2.8 A
D. 3.4A
E. 3.2A
14. A parallel circuit consists of four 16-ohm resistors. What is the total resistance?
A. 32 ohms
B. 64 ohms
C. 2 ohms
D. 4 ohms
E. 8 ohms
15. A variable resistor that adjusts voltages in a circuit is
A. A capacitor
B. A flux capacitor
C. A potentiometer
D. An inductor
E. A transformer
16. What is the total resistance in a parallel DC circuit with resistors valued at 12 ohms, 6 ohms,
and 4 ohms?
A. 2 ohms
B. 3 ohms
C. 4 ohms
D. 5 ohms
E. 6 ohm
17. How many amps does a 100 watt light bulb draw when connected to a 117V supply
A. 0.5 A
B. 417 mA
C. 110 V
D. 1.2 A
E. 855 mA
18. If a material has a low resistance,
A. It is a good conductor
B. It is a poor conductor
C. The current flows mainly in the form of holes
D. Current can only flow in one direction
E. It is a semiconductor
19. The rate at which electrons (charge carriers) flow is measured in
A. Amperes
B. Coulombs
C. Volts
D. Watts
E. Watt hours
20. A component in an electrical circuit, which can store energy but will not allow D/C current to
flow is
A. A resistor
B. An impedance
C. A transformer
D. A capacitor
E. An inductor
21. In electrical circuits, what is a passive device?
A. A device that really serves no purpose at all
B. A device that requires a capacitor
C. A device that requires an external power source to operate
D. A device that does NOT require an external power source
22. If Power equals Current times Voltage (P = l x V) then how do you find the Current if you
know the Power and Voltage
A. Divide both sides by the power
B. Multiply both sides by the current
C. Multiply both sides by the voltage
D. Divide both sides by the voltage
E. You can't derive the Current from this formula
23. The number of cycles per second of a waveform is called the
A. Frequency
B. Period
C. Voltage level
D. Current
24. If you have a current of 2 amps driven by 50 volts, what is the Power?
A. 25 watts
B. 100 watts
C. 52 watts
D. 200 watts
25. An electric current of 5 A is same as
A. 5 J / C
B. 5 V / C
C. 5 C / sec.
D. 5 w / sec.
26. Resistivity of a wire depends on
A. length
B. material
C. cross section area
D. None of the above.
27. A Zener diode, when used in voltage stabilization circuits, is biased in
A. reverse bias region below the breakdown voltage
B. reverse breakdown region
C. forward bias region
D. forward bias constant current mode
28. In a series RLC circuit that is operating above the resonant frequency, the current
A. lags the applied voltage
C. is in phase with the applied voltage
D. is zero
29. A 12 resistor, a 40F capacitor, and an 8mH coil are in series across an ac source. The
resonant frequency is
A. 28.1 Hz
B. 281 Hz
C. 2,810 Hz
D. 10 kHz
30. The diode that can be used as a variable capacitance is called
A. tunnel diode
B. varactor diode
C. zener diode
D. avalanche diode
31. When a series R L C circuit is at resonance the current flowing the circuit is
A. negative
B. zero
C. infinity
D. equal to supply voltage divided by resistance and in phase with the supply voltage
32. The main disadvantage of a BJT in low power digital applications is
A. Its low input resistance
B. Its bulk size
C. The presence of majority carriers
D. Its breakdown
33. For the proper working of a BJT, the
A. Base - Emitter junction must be F. B. and the Collector - Base junction muse be R. B.
B. Base - Emitter junction must be F. B. and the Collector - Base junction muse be F. B.
C. Base - Emitter junction must be R. B. and the Collector - Base junction muse be F. B.
D. Both junctions must be Reverse Biased.
34. of a Bipolar junction transistor is its
A. voltage amplification factor
B. current amplification factor
C. signal to noise ratio
D. output to noise ratio
35. Series resonant circuits are used in
A. Washing Machines
B. Microwave ovens
D. Transmission and distribution systems
36. Power factor of a AC load must be equal to
A. Unity
B. 2
C. Less than 0.5
D. 0
37. Parallel Resonance principle is used in
A. Washing Machines
B. Microwave ovens
D. Transmission and distribution systems
38. In a BJT amplifier, the relationship between the currents is
A. IE>IC<IB
B. IE<IC<IB
C. IE=IC<IB
D. IE>IC>IB
39. The various terminals of MOSFET are
A. Anode, Cathode, Gate
B. Collector, Source, Gate
C. Emitter, Collector, Base
D. Drain, Source, Gate
40. In Common-Collector configuration, a BJT acts as
A. A voltage amplifier
B. A voltage follower
C. A signal attenuator
D. A current source
41. A forward biased P-N junction acts as
A. Low resistance conductor
B. A source of heat
C. A high resistance
D. An open circuit
42. Which of the following is a pentavalent impurity?
A. Aluminum
B. Boron
C. Gallium
D. Phosphorus
43. A pure silicon crystal is otherwise called
A. A source of electrons
B. An intrinsic semiconductor
C. An extrinsic semiconductor
D. A good conductor
44. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a delta connection
A. Provides less resistance when compared to star connection
B. Neutral can be connected
C. Circulating current may be present
D. It is used in the primary of the distribution transformer
45. Phasor can represent only a sinusoidal quantity. The given statement is
A. True
B. False
46. Relationship between real, reactive and apparent power is
A. P2 = S2 + Q2
B. S2 = Q2 + P2
C. S2 = P2 - Q2
D. P2 = Q2 - S2
47. When the junction temperature increases a diodes current increases. The given statement is
A. True
B. False
48. The input resistance of a MOSFET is
A. Zero
B. Infinity
C. Less than 50-ohm
D. Between 500 to 1000-ohm
49. When a transistor is operated as a switch, its ON state and OFF state corresponds to
A. Active region, Cut-off region
B. Cut-off region, Active region
C. Saturation region, Cut-off region
D. Active region, Saturation region
50. The device or circuit that converts AC voltage to DC voltage is called
A. An alternator
B. An inverter
C. A rectifier
D. An alternator