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Assignment

Special products as identities and factorization

1. (a) Evaluate (47)2 using the expansion of (a b)2.


(b) Find the product :

(i) x x
1 1
(ii) (a + 0.2) (a + 0.7)
2 3
(c) Using horizontal method find the product :
(2x 3y) (4x 5y)
4 2 1
2. (a) Multiply (3x y x) by xy.
5 2
7 2 1
(b) Find the product of s t and s + t. verify the result for s = and
2 2
t = 5.
(c) Find the value of (5a6) ( 10ab2) ( 2.1a2b3) for a = 1 and
1
b= .
2
3. (a) What must be added to 9x2 24x + 10 to make it a whole square?
(b) Find the value of x, if
4x = 982 882
(c) If x +2y = 9 xy = 7, find the value of x2 + 4y2.
4. (a) If 2x + 3y = 14 and 2x 3y = 2, find the value of xy.

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(b) Find the greatest common factors of the monomials 21a3b7 and
35a5b5.
(c) Factorize: lm2 mn2 lm + n2.
5. (a) Factorize : (a4 8a2b2 + 16b4) 256
(b) Factorize : x2 + 4
1 1
(c) If x + = 9, find the value of x4 + 4
x x
6. (a) The perimeter of a triangle is 14a2 + 20a + 13. Two of its side are
3a2 + 5a + 1 and a2 + 10a 6. Find its third side.
(b) It m = 9x2 4xy + 5y2 and n = 3x2 + 2xy y2 ; find (2m n) (m
+ 2n).
(c) Use formula to evaluate 8.2 7.8.
7. (a) Simplify :
23.71 23.71 16.29 16.29
0.742
(b) Factorize the polynomial (3a 1)2 6a +2.
(c) Factorize the binomial 3x3y 243xy3
8. (a) Evaluate a2 + b2, when a + b = 5 and ab = 1
1 1 1
(b) In the formula = + , find u when v = 15 and f = 5.
f v u

(c) Find the value of the polynomial


x4 3x3 + 2x2 + x 5 when x = 3
9. (a) Add: 5a + 6b 3c, 4b + c 3a and a 6c 3b.

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(b) Factorize:
1 2 49 2
(i) x4 + 2x2 + 6x +12 (ii) a b
9 25
1
10. (a) If a + = 4, evaluate :
a
1 1
(i) a2 + (ii) a4 +
a2 a4
(b) Evaluate :
(i) 1052 952 (ii) 10.22 9.82
11. (a) Factorize the following polynomials :
(i) x2 ax bx + ab (ii) a2 + b ab a
(b) Work out the value of
2 2

(ii) 8 7
2 2 3 1
(i) (1000002) (99998)
4 4

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Answers

1. (a) 2209 (b) (i) a2 + 0.9a + 0.14


5 1
(ii) x 2 x+ (c) 8x2 22xy + 15y2
6 6
3 2 2 385
2. (a) x y x2 y3 (b)
2 5 16
105
(c) 105a9b5,
32
3. (a) 6 (b) 465 (c) 53
4. (a) 8 (b) 7a3b5 (c) (lm n2) (m 1)
5. (a) (a2 4b2 + 16) (a2 4b2 16)
(b) (x + 2 x + 2) (x 2 x + 2) (c) 6239
6. (a) 10a2 + 5a + 18 (b) 18x2 10xy + 8y2 (c) 63.96
7. (a) 400 (b) 3(3a 1) (a 1)
(c) 3xy (x + 9y) (x 9y)
8. (a) 23 (b) 7.5 (c) 16
9. (a) 3a + 7b 8c (b) (i) (x + 2) (x + 6)

(ii) a + b) a b
1 2 1 2
3 5 3 5

10. (a) (i) 14 (ii) 194 (b) (i) 2000


(ii) 8
11. (a) (i) (x a) (x b) (ii) (a b) (a 1) (b) (i) 800000
(ii) 24

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