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http://ijopaar.com; 2017 Vol. 2(1); pp.

07-15, ISSN: 2455-474X

A New Sub Class of Univalent Analytic Functions Involving a


Linear Operator

Dr. JitendraAwasthi
Department Of Mathematics, S.J.N.P.G.College, Lucknow-226001

Abstract
This paper deals with a new class T (, , a, b; c) that is a subclass of uniformly starlikefunctions
involving a linear operator L (a, b; c). Coefficients inequality, Distortion theorem, Extreme points,
Radius of starlikeness and radius of convexity for functions belonging to this class are obtained.
Key words: Univalent, starlike, convex, analytic, linear operator.
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: 30C45.
1. Introduction
Let T denote the family of functions of the form

(1.1) f ( z ) a1 z a n k z n k , (a1 0, a n k 0, k 0,1,2,....)
n2

Which are analytic in the unit open disk ={z: |z|<1}.


The Hadamard product or convolution product of function f ( z ) T and

g ( z ) z bn k z n k , bn k 0 is defined as
n2


(1.2) ( f * g )( z ) a1 z a n k bn k z n k
n2

Now, define a function (a, b; c; z ) as



(a) n1 (b) n1 nk
(1.3) (a, b; c; z ) z z forc 0,1,...., a, b 1, z .
n2 (n 1)!(c) n1

Where () is the Pochhammer symbol defined by

(n ) 1, n 0
(1.4) ( ) n
( ) ( 1)...( n 1), n N .
Now we introduced a linear operator L(a,b;c) which is defined as
L(a, b; c) f ( z ) (a, b; c; z ) * f ( z )

Thus for f ( z ) T

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(a) n1 (b) n1
(1.5) L(a, b; c : z ) f ( z ) a1 z an k z nk , k 0,1,..., z .
n 2 (n 1)!(c) n 1

For b=1, the operator L(a,b;c) reduces toL(a;c) which was introduced and studied by Carlson
& Shaffer[1].
We note that L(a,1;a)f(z) = f(z), L(2,1;1)f(z) = zf(), L(m+1,1;1)f(z)= (),where
D m f (z ) is the Ruscheweyh (Ruscheweyh, 1975), as
z
(1.6) D m f ( z) * f ( z ), m 1.
(1 z ) m 1
This is equivalently

z d m m1
D m f ( z) {z f ( z )}
m! dz m
For 0 and -1 <1, we introduced a subclass T (,,a,b;c;z) of T consisting of functions
f(z) of the form(1.1) and satisfying the condition
z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}' z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'
Re 1 , z .
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )

For a1 =1,b=1,k=0,T (,,a,b;c;z) reduces to TS (,,) which was defined and studied by G.
Murugusundaramoorthy (Murugusundaramoorthy et al., 2004).
The main object of this paper is to obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for the functions
f(z) T (,,a,b;c;z). Furthermore we obtain extreme points, distortion bounds, Closure
properties, radius of starlikeness and convexity for f(z) T (,,a,b;c;z).

2. Coefficients Inequality
Theorem2.1: A necessary and sufficient condition for f(z) of the form (1.1) to be in the
class T (,,a,b;c;z), -1 <1, 0 is that

(a) n 1 (b) n 1
(2.1) [(n k )(1 ) ( )] (n 1)! (c)
n2
a n k (1 )a1 .
n 1

Proof: Let f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z),then it is sufficient to show that

z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}' z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'


1 Re 1 1 .
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )
We have

z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}' z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'


1 Re 1
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )

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z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'
(1 ) 1
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )

(a ) n 1 (b) n 1
a1 z (n k )a n k z n k
n2 ( n 1)! ( c )
(1 )
n 1
1
(a ) n 1 (b) n 1
a1 z ank z nk

n 2 ( n 1)! (c ) n 1


(a) n 1 (b) n 1
(n 1)!(c)
n2
(n k 1) a n k
(1 )
n 1
(a) n 1 (b) n 1
a1 ank
n 2 ( n 1)! (c) n 1

This expression is bounded above by (1 ) if



(a) n1 (b) n1 (a) n1 (b) n1
(1 ) (n k 1) an k a1 (1 ) (1 ) an k
n 2 (n 1)!(c) n 1 n 2 (n 1)!(c) n 1


(a) n1 (b) n1
Or [(n k )(1 ) ( )] (n 1)!(c)
n2
an k (1 )a1 .
n 1

Conversely let (2.1) holds. Using the fact that Re () > if and only if |-(1+)|<|+(1-)|, it is
enough to show that

z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}' z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'


1 1
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )

z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}' z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'


1 1
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )

z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}' z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'


Let E 1 1
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )

(a) n1 (b) n1
(a) n1 (b) n1
a1 z (n k )a n k z n k a1 z (n k 1)a n k z n k
n 2 ( n 1)!(c ) n 1 n 2 ( n 1)!(c) n 1

1

(a) n1 (b) n1 (a) n1 (b) n1
a1 z ank z nk a1 z ank z nk
n 2 ( n 1)!(c ) n 1 n 2 ( n 1)!(c) n 1

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(a) n 1 (b) n 1
a1 z (n k )a n k z n k (1 )a1 z
1 n 2 ( n 1)! (c ) n 1

L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) (a) n 1 (b) n 1 (a) n 1 (b) n 1
(1 ) a n k z n k a1 z (n k 1)a n k z n k
n 2 ( n 1)! (c ) n 1 n 2 ( n 1)! (c ) n 1

Thus

z

(2.2) E ( 2 ) a (n k 1 ) (n k 1) (a) n1 (b) n1 (a) nk
(n 1)!(c) n1
1
L(a, b; c; z ) n2

z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}' z{L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )}'


Again let F 1 1
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z )

(a) n 1 (b) n 1
a1 z (n k )a n k z n k (1 )a1 z
1 n 2 ( n 1)! (c ) n 1

L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) (a) n 1 (b) n 1 (a) n 1 (b) n 1
(1 ) a n k z n k (n k 1)a n k z n k
n 2 ( n 1)! (c ) n 1 n 2 ( n 1)! (c ) n 1

Thus
z
(a) n1 (b) n1
(2.3) F 1 (n k 1 ) (n k 1)
a ank
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) n2 (n 1)!(c) n1
Now, from (2.2), (2.3), it follows that

2z
(a) n1 (b) n1
(2.4) E F (1 )a1 (n k )(1 ) ( ) ank
L(a, b; c; z ) f ( z ) n2 (n 1)!(c) n1

Thus (2.1) proves the theorem.


The result is sharp. The extremal function being

(n k )(1 ) ( ) (a) n1 (b) n1 z (1 ) z n k


(n 1)!(c) n 1
(2.5) f ( z ) , n 2.
(a) n 1 (b) n 1
(n k )(1 ) ( )
(n 1)!(c) n 1
Corollary 2.2: Let the function f(z) defined by(1.1) be in the class T(,,a,b;c;z).Then

(1 )a1
(2.6) a n k , n 2.
(n k )(1 ) ( ) (a) n1 (b) n1
(n 1)!(c) n 1
Corollary 2.3: If f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z),thenfor any c>-1, the function g(z)defined as
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c 1
z
(2.7) g ( z ) c t c 1 f (t )dt
z 0
Also belong to T (,,a,b;c;z).
Proof: From (2.7) it follows that

c 1
g ( z ) a1 z nk
a n k z .
n2 c n k
Then (2.1) yields the result.

Remarks: (i) T ( 2 , , a, b; c; z) T (1 , , a, b; c; z) for 0 1 2 1, 0

(ii) T ( , 2 , a, b; c; z) T ( , 1 , a, b; c; z) for 2 1 0,0 1.

3. Distortion Theorems
Theorem3.1: If f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z), then for
(1 )c k 2 (1 )c k 2
(3.1)a1 z z f ( z ) a1 z z
{2 k (1 )}ab {2 k (1 )}ab
and

(1 ) k 2 (1 ) k 2
(3.2)a1 z z L(a, b; c) f ( z ) a1 z z
{2 k (1 )} {2 k (1 )}

Proof: In view of inequality (2.1), it follows that



(a) n1 (b) n1
[(n k )(1 ) ( )] (n 1)!(c)
n2
an k (1 )a1 .
n 1

(a) n1 (b) n1
By the fact that is non-decreasing for n 2.Then
(c) n1

ab
(a) n1 (b) n1
{2 k (1 )}
c n2
a nk
n2
[(n k )(1 ) ( )]
(n 1)!(c) n1
ank

(1 )a1 .

(1 )ca1
Or, a
n2
nk
{2 k (1 )}ab
Therefore

(1 )c k 2
(3.3) f ( z ) a1 z z
{2 k (1 )}ab
and

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(1 )c k 2
(3.4) f ( z ) a1 z z
{2 k (1 )}ab
From (3.3) and (3.4) inequality (3.1) follows.
Further, for f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z),inequality (2.1) gives

(a) n1 (b) n1
{2 k (1 )} an k (1 )a1 .
n 2 (n 1)!(c) n 1


(a) n1 (b) n1 (1 )a1
Or, (n 1)!(c)
n2
ank
{2 k (1 )}
n 1

Thus,

(1 ) k 2
(3.5) L(a, b; c) f ( z ) a1 z z
{2 k (1 )}
and

(1 ) k 2
(3.6) L(a, b; c) f ( z ) a1 z z
{2 k (1 )}
On using (3.5) and (3.6) inequality (3.2) follows.
Remark3.2: The bounds in (3.1) & (3.2) are sharp, since the inequalities are attained for the
function.

{2 k (1 )}abz (1 )cz k 2
(3.7) f ( z ) , where 0 1.
{2 k (1 )}ab
Corollary3.3: Let f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z),then by disk is mapped on to a domain that contains
{2 k (1 )}ab (1 )c
a disk of radius a1
{2 k (1 )}ab
and by (, ; )(), the disk is mapped on to a domain that contain a disk of radius
{3 2 k (1 )}
a1 . .
{2 k (1 )}
The extremal function given by (3.7) shows the sharpness of these results.

4. Extreme Points
Theorem 4.1: Let

(1 )a1
(4.1) f1 ( z) a1 z and f n ( z ) a1 z z nk
(n k )(1 ) ( ) (a) n1 (b) n1
(n 1)!(c) n 1

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for n 2, k = 0,1,2,then f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z), if and only if it can be expressed in the


form

(4.2) f ( z ) d n f n ( z ) , where d n 0 and
n 1
d
n 1
n 1.

In particular the extreme points of T (,,a,b;c;z) are the functions given by (4.1).
Proof: Let f(z) be expressed in the form (4.1),then

(1 )a1 d n
f ( z ) d n f n ( z ) a1 z z nk
n 1 n2
(n k )(1 ) ( ) (a) n1 (b) n1
(n 1)!(c) n 1

a1 z d n t n k z n k
n2

(1 )a1
Where t n k
(n k )(1 ) ( ) (a) n1 (b) n1
(n 1)!(c) n 1

Now, since

(a) (b)
(n k )(1 ) ( ) n1 n1
n2 (n 1)!(c) n1
d n t n k (1 )a1d n
n2

(1 )(1 d1 )a1 (1 )a1 .


Therefore, f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z).
Conversely, let f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z),then(2.1) yields

(1 )a1
ank z n k for n 2.
(n k )(1 ) ( ) (a) n1 (b) n1
(n 1)!(c) n1

{( n k )(1 ) ( )( a) n1 (b) n1
Setting d n an k for n 2
(n 1)!(c) n1 (1 )a1

and d 1 1 d
n2
n .


(1 )a1
Then f ( z ) a1 z d n z nk
n2
(n k )(1 ) ( ) (a) n1 (b) n1
(n 1)!(c) n 1

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a1 z d n {a1 z f n ( z )}
n2


a1 z (1 d n ) d n f n ( z ) d n f n ( z ).
n2 n2 n 1

This completes the proof.


5. Radius of Starlikeness

Theorem 5.1: Let f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z),then f(z) is starlike in z r ( , , a, b; c), where

1
{( n k )(1 ) ( )( a) n 1 (b) n 1 n k 1
(5.1) r inf , n 2, k 0,1,2..
(n 1)!(c) n 1 (1 )( n k )
Proof: It suffices to show that

zf , ( z )
1 1
f ( z)

(n k 1)a
n k 1
, nk z
zf ( z )
i.e., 1 n2

1
a1 a n k z
f ( z) n k 1

n2

(n k )a
n k 1
(5.2) or nk z a1.
n2

It is easily to see that (5.1) holds if

n k 1 {( n k )(1 ) ( )( a) n1 (b) n1
z .
(n 1)!(c) n1 (1 )( n k )
This completes the proof.

6. Radius of Convexity

Theorem 6.1: Let f (z) T (,,a,b;c;z),then f(z) is convex in z r ( , , a, b; c), where

1
{( n k )(1 ) ( )( a) n 1 (b) n 1 n k 1
(6.1) r inf , n 2, k 0,1,2.
(n 1)!(c) n 1 (1 )( n k ) 2
Proof: Upon noting the fact that f(z) is convex if and only if ()is starlike, the
Theorem(6.1) follows.

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References
1. Carlson B.C. & Shaffer, (2002), Starlike and prestarlike hypergeometric functions,
Siam J. Math. Anal., 15737-745.
2. Ruscheweyh, S., (1975), New criteria for Univalent Functions, Proc. Amer. Math.,
Soc., 49109-115.
3. Murugusundaramoorthy, G. And Magesh, N., (2004), A new subclass of uniformly
convex functions and a corresponding subclass of starlike functions with fixed second
coefficient, J. Inequal. Pure and Appl. Math., 5(4) Art. 85.

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