Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 12

www.mahendraguru.

com

Page 1 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

Preface
The Digi-notes (Inequalities) as presented here is prepared strictly according to IBPS-PO, IBPS-
Clerk, IBPS-SO and other PO/Clerk level competitive exams. The main aim of the Digi-notes is to
develop the notion of the Simple Interest so that candidate would be able to handle the
quantitative problems of the real world easily and conveniently and hence in their competitive
exams. Candidates are advised to handle the Digi-notes by keeping in mind that they are going
to LEARN (NOT STUDY) the Simple Interest so that you; yourself would be able to minimize the
steps required to conclude the answer of the question and hence develop the SHORT TRICKS.

All the best

Page 2 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

Contents
1. Preface ..2
2. Contents 3
3. Introduction 4
4. The Inequalities? . 5
5. Questions .... 6

Page 3 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

Introduction:
The Mathematical inequalities is a popular topic for examination point of view. Almost
in all the examinations a bunch of 5 questions are asked from the topic. So we should
give a special attention to this topic to increase the merit in our one day examinations.
Generally; in mathematical inequalities two/more linear/Quadratic/Cubic/Mixed
Equations are given and we are required to find the value(s) satisfying the given
equation(s) and then compare them to find the correct relation between the variables
involved.
It is to be noted that; in 99.99% cases in the exams; a pair of quadratic equations are
given to find the relation between the variables involved. So your main focus should be
to practice the inequalities of quadratic equations.
In forthcoming sections we will mainly focus to the inequalities of quadratic equations.

Format of the Question:


In the following questions; two equations are given. You are required to solve
them find the value(s) of the variable involved (let x and y) and then compare
them and then click the options:
(1) If >
(2) If <
(3) If
(4) If
(5) If = or the relation cannot be established
Note: The order of the options may differ in different questions. So you are not
required to cram these options. Just read out the question to get the
corresponding options for the given inequalities.
How to Approach the Quadratic Inequalities:
It involves two steps:
(1) To find the values satisfying the given quadratics.
(2) Comparing the values to get the correct relation.
To find the values satisfying the given Quadratics:
You may use either the following formula or the methdd of factorization to
solve the given quadratics.
Page 4 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

A quadratic equation + + = have two roots given by


=


=

Comparing the values obtained by given Quadratics to get the correct relation:

Note: If any one of the sign among the two/four signs get reversed; then the
answer is always The relation cannot be determined
Now let us solve some examples:
Find the relation between x and y
I. 3x219x + 28 = 0 II. 5y2 18y+16 = 0
I. 3x2 12x 7x + 28 = 0
3x (x 4) 7(x4)=0
(x 4) (3x 7) = 0

x=4,
II. 5y2 10y 8y+16=0
5y(y2)8(y2)=0
(y 2) (5y 8) = 0

y=2,
Page 5 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

x>y
2
I. 16x + 20x + 6 = 0 II. 10y2 + 38 y + 24 = 0
I. 8x2 + 10x + 3 = 0
8x2+4x+6x+3 = 0
4x(2x+1)+3(2x+1)=0

x = ,
II. 5y2 + 19y+12=0
5y2+15y+4y+12=0
5y(y+3)+4(y+3)=0

y=3,

x>y

I. 18x2+18x+4 = 0 II. 12y2 + 29y+ 14 = 0


I. 9x2 + 9x + 2 = 0
9x2+6x+3x+2=0
3x(3x+2)+1(3x+2)=0

x = ,
II. 12y2 + 21y+8y+14=0
3y(4y+7)+2(4y+7)=0

y= ,
x>y

I. 8x2 + 6x = 5 II. 12y2-22y+ 8 = 0


I. 8x2 +10x 4x5=0
2x(4x+5)1(4x+5)=0

x = ,
II. 6y2 11y + 4 = 0
6y2 8y 3y + 4 =0
2y(3y4)1(3y4)=0

y= ,

x<y
Page 6 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

I. 17x2+48x = 9 II. 13y2 = 32y-12


I. 17x2 + 51x 3x9 = 0
17x (x+3) 3 (x+3)=0

x = 3,
II. 13y2 26y6y+12=0
13(y2) 6 (y2) = 0

y = 2,
x<y

I. x2 - 5x + 6 = 0 II. y2 - 9y + 20 = 0
x2 - 5x + 6 = 0
(x - 2) (x - 3) = 0
x = 2 or 3
II. y2 - 9y + 20 = 0
(y - 4) (y - 5) = 0
y = 4 or 5
x<y

I. x2 11x + 24 = 0 II. 2y2 - 9y + 9 = 0


I. x2- 11x +24 = 0
x2 -8x - 3x + 24 = 0
x (x -8) -3 (x -8) = 0 x = 8, 3
II. 2y2 - 9y + 9 = 0
2y2 - 6y - 3y + 9 = 0
2y (y -3) -3 (y -3) = 0
(y -3) (2y -3) = 0

y = 3,

Page 7 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

I. x2 + 5x + 6 = 0 II. y2 + 3y + 2 = 0

I. x2 + 3x + 2x + 6 = 0
x (x + 3) +2 (x +3) = 0
(x +2) (x + 3) = 0
x = -2, -3
II. y2 + 2y +y + 2 = 0
y (y +2) +1 (y +2) = 0
(y+1) (y+2) = 0
y = -1, -2
x<y

I. x2 - 10x + 24 = 0 II. y2 - 9y + 20 = 0

I. x2 - 6x - 4x + 24 = 0
x (x - 6) -4 (x -6) = 0
(x -6) (x -4) = 0
x = 6, 4
II. y2 - 5y - 4y + 20 = 0
y (y - 5) -4 (y - 5) = 0
(y - 5) (y - 4) = 0
y = 4, 5
x>y

Page 8 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

I. 20x2 - x - 12 = 0 II. 20y2 + 27y + 9 = 0

I. 20x2 x 12 = 0
20x2 + 15x16x12 = 0
5x [4x+3] 4 [4x+3] = 0
[4x+3] [5x4] = 0

x= ,

II. 20y2 + 27y + 9 = 0
20y2 +15y + 12y + 9 = 0
5y (4y+3) + 3(4y+3) = 0

y= ,

x<y x>y

I. x2 9x + 20 = 0 II. y2 13y + 42 = 0

I. x2 9x + 20 = 0
x2 5x 4x + 20 = 0
x(x5) 4 (x5)=0 (x4) (x5) = 0
x = 4,5
II. y2 13y + 42 = 0
y2 7y 6y +42 =0
y(y7)6(y7) = 0
(y6) (y7) = 0
y =6, y = 7
x<y

I. + = II. () + () =

I. 35x = -70 x = -2

II. 3y + 7 = 0 y =
x>y

Page 9 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com


I. + = II. y3+9.68+5.64=16.95


I. + = = x =

II. y3 = 1.63
y = 1.18 (approx)
x<y

() +()
I. = II. 4y3 =- (589 4) + 5y3

I. x3 = 227 x = 6.1 (approx)


II.4y3 = - 147.25 + 5y3
y3 = 147.25 y = 5.3 (approx)
x>y

I. 12x2 + 11x+ 12 = 10x2 + 22x II. 13y2 - 18y + 3 = 9y2 - 10y

I. 2x2 - 11x + 12 = 0 2x2 - 8x - 3x + 12 = 0


I. 2x (x -4) -3 (x - 4) = 0

x = , 4
II. 4y2 - 8y + 3 = 0
4y2 - 6y - 2y + 3 = 0
2y (2y - 3) -1 (2y -3) = 0

y = ,
x>y

Page 10 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com

I. ( ) = II. =


I. =

2
x = 1521
x = +39

II. =
y = 39
x<y


I. + = II. 9.84-2.64 = 0.95 + y2


I. + =


=

x = 2.5
II. y2 = 6.25
y =+2.5
x>y


I. + = II. () + () =

I. x = =

II. y = =
x>y

Page 11 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com
www.mahendraguru.com


I.( ) =
II. =



I. ( ) =



=

x2 = 144256
x = +192
II. y3104 = 16y2
y = 194
x<y

Page 12 of 12

www.mahendraguru.com