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Kuwait University Faculty of Engineering and Petroleum

Electrical Engineering Dept. Energy Conversions I (0610-343)


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HW(4) Three Phase Induction Motors
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1. If the number of poles in the stator of the induction motors are doubled, will its
synchronous speed also doubled?
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2. Why does the rotor of the induction motor rotates slower than the revolving field.
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3. Mention two advantages of wound rotor over squirrel cage induction motor.
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4. Explain why both frequency and induced voltage in the rotor of the induction motor
decrease with speed increasing.
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5. How can we change the direction of rotation of the induction motor?
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6. If we are slightly increase the rotor resistance of the wound rotor induction motor, What
effect does this have upon the following:-
a. Starting torque.
b. Starting current.
c. Full load speed.
d. Efficiency.
e. Power Factor
f. Temperature rise of the motor at its rated power output.
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7. Two 480-V, l00-hp induction motors are manufactured. One is designed for 50-Hz
operation, and one is designed for 60-Hz operation, but they are otherwise similar. Which
of these machines is larger?
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8. A 3-phase 6 poles induction motor is connected to 50 Hz supply, the voltage induced in the
rotator bars is 4 V when the rotor is locked. If the motor turns in the same direction as the
flux, calculate the rotor voltage induced and its frequency in the following cases:-
a. At 300 rpm.
b. At 1000 rpm.
c. At 1500 rpm.
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9. A 50-kW, 440-V, 50-Hz, six-pole induction motor has a slip of 6 percent when operating at
full-load conditions. At full-load conditions, the friction and windage losses are 300 W, and
the core losses are 600 W. Find the following values for full load conditions:
a. The shaft speed.
b. The output power in Watt and in hp.
c. The load torque in Newton meter.
d. The mechanical developed torque in Newton meter.
e. The rotor frequency in Hertz.
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10. A 208 V, two pole, 50 Hz, Y connected wound rotor induction motor is rated at 15 hp. Its
equivalent circuit parameters are:-
R1=0.2 , R2=0.12 (referred to stator), X1=0.41 , X2=0.41 (referred to stator),
XM=15.0 , Pmech=250 W, Pcore=180 W.
For a slip of 0.05, find the following:-
a. The line current (input current), and the stator copper losses.
b. The air gap power.
c. The mechanical developed power.
d. The mechanical torque.
e. The load torque.
f. The overall machine efficiency.
g. The motor speed in revolutions per minute and in radian per second.
h. The slip at the pullout torque and the pullout torque of this motor.
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11. A 208 V, 50 Hz, six-pole, Y connected 25 hp induction motor is test in the laboratory, with
the following results:-
No load test: 208 V, 22.0 A, 1200 W.
Locked rotor test:- 24.6 V, 64.5 A, 2200 W.
DC test: 13.5 V, 64 A.
Find the equivalent circuit of this motor.
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Dr. Rashad M. Kamel