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SKENARIO VIDEO PATIENT EDUCATION IN DRUG ADMINISTRATION

1 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION


TABLET (parasetamol), Closing
2 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
TABLET (salut: Mefinal), Closing
3 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
TABLET (granul: Omeperazol), Closing
4 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
TABLET (kunyah: Antasida), Closing
5 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
CAPSUL (tetrasiklin/Novabiotic), Closing
6 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
Syrup emulsi (Pantacid), Closing
7 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
Dry Syrup (Amoxicillin), Closing
8 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
Sub lingual (ISDN), Closing
9 Preparation, Inhalasi (Ventolin), Closing
10 Preparation, Nasal drop (Breathy NaCl) ,
Closing
11 Preparation, Eye drop (Visine), Closing
12 Preparation, Ear drop (Tetrasiklin), Closing
13 Preparation, Supositoria (Ketoprofen) , Closing
14 Preparation, Vaginal Ovule (Fagistatin),
Closing
1 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION Materials:
TABLET (parasetamol) , Closing -Paracetamol
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A ORAL ADMINISTRATION
A.1 TABLET
1. Administer the drugs (medication) as instruct. After meal or empty
stomach.
2. Breaking a tablet may cause incorrect dosage, gastrointestinal
irritation, or destruction of drug in an incompatible pH.
3. If patient is vomiting, wait for a moment and try to administer it
again.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, apakah tablet ini bisa digerus?
Karena anaknya belum terbiasa meminum obat tablet
Dokter menjawab bagaimana yang seharusnya dan risiko bila tablet ini digerus
2 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
TABLET (salut: Mefinal) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A ORAL ADMINISTRATION TABLET
A.1
1. Administer the drugs (medication) as instruct. After meal or empty
stomach.
2. Breaking a tablet may cause incorrect dosage, gastrointestinal
irritation, or destruction of drug in an incompatible pH.
3. If patient is vomiting, wait for a moment and try to administer it
again.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, apakah tablet ini bisa digerus?
Karena anaknya belum terbiasa meminum obat tablet
Dokter menjawab bagaimana yang seharusnya dan risiko bila tablet ini digerus
o Obatnya pahit
3 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
TABLET (granul: Omeperazol) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A ORAL ADMINISTRATION
A.1 TABLET
1. Administer the drugs (medication) as instruct. After meal or empty
stomach.
2. Breaking a tablet may cause incorrect dosage, gastrointestinal
irritation, or destruction of drug in an incompatible pH.
3. If patient is vomiting, wait for a moment and try to administer it
again.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, apakah kapsulnya bisa dibuka?
Dokter menjawab bagaimana yang seharusnya dan risiko bila tablet ini digerus
o Omeperazol dibuat dalam sediaan granul. Tujuan formulasi granul
omeperazol: melindungi kerusakan omererazol akibat asam lambung dan
memperlambat pelepasan sehingga lepas lambat.
4 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
TABLET (kunyah: Antasida), Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A ORAL ADMINISTRATION
A.1 TABLET
1. Administer the drugs (medication) as instruct. After meal or empty
stomach.
2. If patient is vomiting, wait for a moment and try to administer it
again.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, bolehkan tabletnya ditelan?
Dokter menjawab bagaimana yang seharusnya dan risiko bila tablet ini ditelan
langsung
5 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
CAPSUL (tetrasiklin/Novabiotic) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A ORAL ADMINISTRATION
A.1 TABLET
1. Administer the drugs (medication) as instruct. After meal or empty
stomach.
2. Breaking a tablet may cause incorrect dosage, gastrointestinal
irritation, or destruction of drug in an incompatible pH.
3. If patient is vomiting, wait for a moment and try to administer it
again.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, apakah kapsulnya bisa dibuka?
Dokter menjawab bagaimana yang seharusnya dan risiko bila capsul dibuka
.
6 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
Syrup emulsi (Pantacid) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A ORAL ADMINISTRATION
A.1 SUSPENSION SYRUP
1. Administer the drugs (medication) as instruct. After meal or empty
stomach.
2. Breaking a tablet may cause incorrect dosage, gastrointestinal
irritation, or destruction of drug in an incompatible pH.
3. If patient is vomiting, wait for a moment and try to administer it
again.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, sampai kapan sirupnya disa
disimpan, disimpan di mana?
7 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
Dry Syrup (Amoxicillin) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A.2 DRY SYRUP
1. Open the sealed bottle cap
2. Add cooked water/mineral water as instructed sampai garis batas
3. Close the bottle cap and shake well
4. Always shake bottle before administration
5. Administer as instructed
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, sampai kapan sirupnya disa
disimpan, disimpan di mana?
8 Preparation, ORAL ADMINISTRATION
Sublingual(ISDN), Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
A.3 SUBLINGUAL TABLET
1. Sublingual tablets are to be placed underneath tongue.
2. Instruct the patient not to swallow or chew the tablets and not to drink
water.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, keluarga pasien bertanya, bolehkan tabletnya di telan?
Dokter menjawab bagaimana yang seharusnya dan risiko bila tabletnya di telan
9 Preparation, Inhalasi (Ventolin) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
B. INHALATION
1. Cough up as much sputum as possible
2. Shake the aerosol before use
3. Hold the aerosol as indicated in the manufacturers instruction (this is
usually upside down)
4. Exhale slowly, emptying the lungs as much air as possible
5. Place the lips, tightly around the mouthpiece
6. Take a deep breath though the mouth and at the same time squeeze
the bulb of the aerosol
7. Hold breath for 10 to 15 seconds at full inspiration
8. Exhale slowly through the nose
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, dokter meminta pasien untuk latihan
10 Preparation, Nasal drop (Breathy NaCl) ,
Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
C. NOSE DROPS
1. Have paper tissue available.
2. Nasal passages should be cleared before nose drops are instilled.
3. Have patient tilt head over the side of the bed, or place a support
under neck so that it is hyperextended.
4. Insert dropper about 1/3 of an inch into the nares and instill the drops.
5. Avoid touching the external nares with the dropper since this may
cause sneezing
6. Instruct patient to maintain position for 1 to 2 minutes until the
medication is absorbed
7. Rinse the dropper with boilled water.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, dokter meminta pasien untuk latihan
11 Preparation, Eye drop (Visine) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
D. EYE DROPS
1. Instruct the patient to lie down or sit with head tilted back.
2. Have a separate paper tissue available for each eye.
3. Wipe the lids and eyelashes clean prior to instillation.
4. Draw only the amount of solution needed for administration into eye
dropper.
5. Hold the dropper close to the eye but do not touch eyelids or lashes
with the dropper so that the patient will not be startled
6. Expose the lower conjunctiva sac.
7. Allow the prescribed number of drops to fall into the center of the
exposed sac. Avoid having drops fall on cornea; this is unpleasant for
patient and may cause tissue damage.
8. Close eyes approximately 1 minute after instillation to let the
medication absorbed
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, dokter meminta pasien untuk latihan
12 Preparation, Ear drop (Tetrasiklin) , Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
E. EAR DROPS
1. Warm drops to body temperature.
2. Have the patient lie on side with the ear to be treated facing up.
3. For instillation in adults: pull the cartilaginous part of the pinna (the
external part of the ear) back and up. Point the dropper in the
direction of the eardrum, and allow the drops to fall in the direction
of the external canal
4. For installation of drops in children under 3 years of age, pull the
pinna back and down. Point the dropper in the direction of the
eardrum and allow the drops to fall on the external canal.
5. Have the patient remain on side for a few minutes after instillation to
allow medication to reach eardrum and be absorbed.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, dokter meminta pasien untuk latihan
13 Preparation, Supositoria (Ketoprofen), Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
F. RECTAL ADMINISTRATION
1. Preparation :
As a rule, suppository should be refrigerated since it is soften at room
temperature.
2. Advise the patient to go to the toilet to empty his bowels if it is
necessary
3. Use gloves to protect the hand used for insertion (index finger for
adults, fourth finger for infants).
4. With help
Instruct the patient to lie on left side and to breathe through mouth to
relax the sphincter.
5. Remove any wrapping from the suppository
6. Gently insert the suppository beyond the internal sphincter
7. Have patient remain on side for 20 minutes after insertion of
suppository.
1. Without help
Wash hands before inserting the suppository
2. Remove any wrapping from the suppository
3. Either squat or lie on side with one leg straight and the other bent.
4. Gently but firmly push the suppository into the rectum. Push far
enough so that it does not slip out.
5. Close legs and sit still for a few minutes. Avoid emptying the bowels
for at least one hour, unless its a laxative.
6. Wash hands again
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien
Manekin

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, dokter meminta pasien/keluarga pasien untuk latihan di
manekin
14 Preparation, Vaginal Ovule (Fagistatin), Closing
I. Preparation
1. Take the drugs that you are planning to give.
2. Explain the purpose of each drugs to the patient
3. Explain the rules of administration of each drugs that you are
planning to give
4. Remind patient or relative to wash hands properly before and after
administration of any drugs
G. VAGINAL ADMINISTRATION
1. Wash hands before administration
2. Remove the wrapper from the tablet
3. The patient lie on back, knees drawn up and spread them apart
4. Insert the suppository gently into the vagina as high as possible
5. Wash hands again.
III. Closing
Ask the patient, do he/she understand the explanation or whether..
Durasi: 2-4 menit
Aktor:
Dokter
Pasien/keluarga pasien
Manekin

Skenario:
Setalah dokter menjelaskan, dokter meminta pasien/keluarga pasien untuk latihan di
manekin