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GIOTTO
MAMMOGRAPI{Y
fI.F.
PROCEDT]REFOR MOYEMENT
SECTIONADJUSTMENT

PROCEDT]RE
FORX-RAY
SECTIONADJUSTMENT
IME

-26-
A) PROCEDIJREFOR X.RAY SECIION
ADJUSTMENT

INDEX

1) Motorspeedegulation
2) Motorap regulation
. 3) CompessioDforCergulation

B) PROCEDIJRE FOR X.RAY SECIION


ADJUSTMENT F

INDEX

l) mAregulation
2) mAs egulation
3) kV egulation
4) AEC rcgulation
5) X-ray grid regulation
6) Regulationof x-ray tubependlar
movement124" (optional).

. - 2'7 -
tM=
A) MOVEMENTSECTION

1) The speedof the moto$ for the top/bottom(M1)


irclinatiohotation movementsis given by
the potentiometersP2 for Ml, P4 fo M2, P6 fo
MS,localedon theJPI mov.drive microprocessor
cafd.
The speedicreasesclocl vise anddeceases in
ananticlockwisedirection.The speedis adjusted
when the unit is at a stadstill (seetopo$aphical
drawind 69/6/16).

CAUTION: do not inceasethe speedof the


singlemoto too much sinceit is
A syochronizedwith the stopping
uctoconlacls.

2) The motor ramp fo top/bottom(Ml) movement,


inclination (M2.)androtation (M3) is given by the
potentiometersP1 fo M1, P3 for M2 andP6 for
M3, locatedon the JPI mov.drivemicroprccessor
cad.
The speedof the mmp increasesin a clockwise
diection while it deceasesio an anti-clockwise
diection.The ramp shouldbe adjustedwhenthe
unit is at a standstill (seetopogaphicaldawing
69t6t16).
?) The regulationof the compressionforce fom 0
Kg to 20 Kg may be adjustedduing installatitr
accordingto the user'srcquiements.The
force is adjustedby meansof the potentiomete
VRI locatedo the JPl mov. relay card (see
topographicaldrawing 69| 6l 19)-
In a clockwisedirection the force inceaseswhile
it decreasesi an anti-clockwisedirection.It
shouldbe adjustedwhile the uait is at a
standstill.

CAUTION: When the neasuements arebeing


checked,a soft objectto simulate
the averagebreastshouldbe placed
betweenthe compressoandthe
measuig systemon the Buclq (eg.
electronicscales).

-28-
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I o I o I o I L.J l u -
tM=
B) X-RAY SECTTON

\_ PCB JP5/X-RAY FILAMENT


ADJUSTMENT

mA ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE

A) Inset the ntA meter(suggestedtype:


Fluke with memory)i rhe testpoinrs 1/2 on
P.C.B.locatedon theH.T- generator(PicturelA).
B) Selectthe kV centralvalue ofthe
kV/mA blocks(i.e.Block no. 6-24kV) -
(seedawingFig.3)
C) Selectthefocalspotto be adjusted(i.e.small
focus)
D) Executea exposureandreadthe mA value on
the mAmete,then act on the dip switch
connected to Block no. 6 with 24 kV - smallfocus
\- (seepicture2).
For little corectionsyou shouldusetheLSB zone
fom I to 4.
For big corecons you shoulduseLheMSB 7oe
flon 5 to 8.

ARNING: For COMET tube with focus 0.U0.3

A mm, In the small focusdo not


hscllt the switch 8. The filament
could tle irreparably damaged.

Repeatthe prcceduresof points B-C-D using the


adjustmentscheduleof
awing fig.3 andthe pictue 2 to executeall the
adjustmetrtsof
focusfor all the6 blocks.

N.B.: During the checkingprocedure,


checkthe valueswith the table of the
load curve of the x-ray tube (Fig. 3).

- 2 9-
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IME
- CALIBRATION SCIIEDULE mA/mAs/KVP
\-
coMET 0,1/0,3 3000.
F.G-F.P. 6 5 3 2 I

mAs KVP KVP KVP KVP KVP KVP


23 24 25 26 27 28 2 9 3 0 3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 6 3 7 3 8 3 9 4 0

' 72 0 F .G .
mA 110
640
F .G .
580
mA 110
520 F .G .
4 70 mA lO0 F .G .
400 mA 100 F .G .
350
mA 90
310
F .G .
2 ' 70
mA 90
230
190
F .P .
150
120
mA 28 F .P . F .P .
mA 25 mA 23 F .P .
100 mA 20
80
F .P . F .P .
mA 18 mA 18
64
5 0
40
3 6
3 2
2 8
) 4
20
1 8
1 6
I 4
1 2
1 0
8
6

Fig. 3
F.G. = LARGEFOCUS
F.P. = SMALL FOCUS

-30-
t '

- CALIBRATION SCHEDITLSmA/ndVKl?
tM=
coMET 0,UO,3 9000.
F.G-F.P- 6 5 4 3 2 I

mAs KVP KVP KVP KVP KVP KVP


23 24 25 26 27 28 2 9 3 0 3 r 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 6 3 7 3 8 3 9 4 0

72 0 F .G .
6 4 0 mA 110
s80 F .G ,
mA 110
520 F .G .
4 ' 10 mA 100 F .G .
400 mA 100 F .G .
350
mA 90
310
F .G .
2 ' 70
230 mA 90
F .P .
1 9 0 mA 30 F .P .
150 mA 40
120 F .P .
mA 42 F .P .
100 mA 35
8 0 F .P . F .P .
mA 30 mA 30
64
5 0
40
3 6
3 2
2 8

20
l 8
1 6
1 4
I 2
1 0
8
6
4

Fig. 3

F.G. = LARGE FOCUS


F.P. = SMALLFOCUS
)

IME
PCB .IP6/X-RAY CUTmAs

I|tAs ADJUSTMENT

A) IDsertthe nAmeter into the testpoints TP1IP2


ofP.C.B.locatedon theH.T. geDerator (Fig.lA).

B) Pre-selectone IIrAs value on the control desk(i.e.


40 mAs) andorc kV value (i.e. 27 kV). Execute
an exposureandverify that the value readby the
mAsneter corespondsto the selectedone
(toleatrcetl mAs).
Be careful when adjustiogthe potentiomete
becauseit is very sensitive.In a clockwise
directionthe valuesdeqeasewhile they increase
in atr antlclockwise diection.
The checkshouldbe donefor every focus \
(0,1/0,3mm) with the sameparamete.

C) If coectionsaeneeded,they canbe executing


by actig on the tiruner (POT l) locatedin the
P.C.B.JP6X-RAY CUT nAs.
(Seetopogaphical da'ning of cut mAs cadn.
69t6rs8).

-32-
T

rM=
WARNING:Theadjustmentis uniquefor

A all the kV valuesand for both


focus.

KV VALIJE REGI]LATION

1 . X-RAY GENERATOR ASSEMBLY

X-ay generatoassemblycanbe divided into 2 groups:


- AC/DC-DC/AC conveterthat includescheckand
contol pinted circuit,AC/DC group (diodesbridge
andfrlter capacitors)andDC AC group
(ScR,commutatilg diodesandcapacito$).
- X-ay getreator
H.T. block adcompensationP.C. on wich the
timmers adjusedby manufacturerareitrstalled.

1.1 TEST TO BE EXECUTED ON P.C.B. (see


diagram S10fi)3G)

On checkandprinted cfucuit,that is locatedin the fotrt


side of AC/DC $oup, sometestpoints are ananged.
The fist goup includesTP 8 - 9 - 10 - 11,on which it
is possibleto make a test without feedingthe co[verter.
The secotrdgroupincludesTP I - 2 - 3 -4 - 5 - 6 - 7, on
which theeis a signalody with feededconveter.
TP6 is feededat 0 Volt, all the signalsare attributedto
rt.
Feedingsof P.C.B. arethe following:

+12V PR1 15-16(maxabsorption 200mA)


-12 V PR1 11-12(maxabsolption50 mA)
0v PR1 13-14

The two tirDmerson P.C.B.aeadjustedby


manufactureandit is not necessaryto makea new
adjustmeDt.It is importantnot to touch them in
order to avoid faults in the DC/AC converter
compolentsandin theH.T.generator.

-33-
tM=
1.2 TEST PROCEDURE

It is possibleto veiry on TP 8 - 9 - l0 - 11 the exact


conaols sequenceto the SCRof the power inverte. See
the waveform diagam.
After having verified the SCRcontolsworking, check
on TP5 the kV (1V=10 kV) value that corespondsto
the adjustedvalue and on T?l'the mA value
(1v=20 mA).
If the kV valuesdo not coespond within the tolerances
to the valuesset on the control panel, adjustthe
potentiometerPl to compensatethe curve (to level the
curve trend). Usethe potentiometeto raiseor lower
the value of the kV (+/- kV).
FtustadjustP1, then P2 - P1 shouldbe adjustedto
40kv.
The corectandeal value of the high tensioncurve of
thekVp mustonJybe donewirh a divideror high
tensionprobe;eg. voltix matix - Comet.
The potentiomete$Pl and P2 areplacedon the card
fitted into the high tensiongenerator(seethe drawing
69l6na-119.4).
The potentiometersPl andP2 arc alwayscalibratedby
the IMS testdepatmelt. For this eason,unlessstrictly
necessay,we do not recommendyou to alter the level
of calibratiorin thesetwo potentiomelgrs.

-34-
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2 - TROUBLESHOOTING

Brcakdownafterx-aycootol:
invertgrseinteupted.Verify theconnectionon the
geneatoandon e inveter,it is necessary
thatthee
aeno grounded wies.

I{ARNING: Itefore checking fuse conalitions,


b sur that the 6000
condenseris released.The fuse
shoulil be replaced with the same
type or qyalent one. If the fuse
will be again interrupted, the
breakdo\rn is in the inyerter or
H.T. senerator.

2.1 INADEGUATE PERFORMANCE

Vedfy that all the power cicuit comectiosaewell


tightened,so veify kV ad mA values.Veify with the
oscilloscopethe waveform of mA valuethat may be the
sameasselected(seekV/nA diagram).ffyou havenot
an oscilloscopeit is possibleto veriry the exactvalue
of mA o mAs on T.P. mA locatedon P.C.B.Misua
assembledorH.T. generator.
Verify by the oscilloscopeon TP5 (kV) if the kV wave
form is irregular andif it follows the 50 Hz feeding
ripple: the causeis on the feedingcharacteistics,or
high line resistance.
Line esistanceshall not be higherthan 0,2 per
conductor, tensionshallnot be lo\rer than 200 V.

2.2 LD1 LED ON INVERTER P.C.B. IS LIGIIIED


UPF

Wlen the kV + (TPZ) value exceedsof l0% the max


value LD1 led is lighted up andit disconnectsx-ray
control.
The causeis on the H.T. generato(H.T. spark)or spark
otrH.T. cable.

-35-
-36-
tM5
CALIBRATION OF TIIE (TELAMAT"
EXPOSURE METER

CALIBRATION WTIH PLE)OGLASS DOLL

Select27 kV, the largefocus,the small chamber,screen


D ad darkeningon value 0.
Place4 cm. ofplexiglass on the Bucky sothat the
chambesare coveredeve\'. Do the exposureand
checkthe darkeningof the plate with a densitometer.
With the apparatusswitchedoff, removethe AEC from
its housing,discoecting the conecto arrdthe
chamber(tbeelectricalpanelshouldbe opeed
completely).
Removethe rear cover andextactthe PCB
PROGRAMME.
,/ Move the pin Tl from the work position 1 (PL1 - Fig.
5) to the left to decreaseandto the right to inceasethe
darkening.
,/ cassetteswith rapid reinforcementsceenso more
If
rapid films ae used,the apid sceetris selectedon the
control panel(button H) andthe operationsdescibed
aboveareperformed,adjustingthe pin T2 of the PL1
on the PCB PROGRAMME.

CALIBRATION WTTH PATIENT

/ After adjustmentwith plexiglass,the sensitivityof the


AEC shouldbe checkedandadjustedagainby
perfomingmammographies.It is impotantto seta
suitablekV value on the basisof the type of breastto be
examinedin order to calibatethe AEC corectly.

ADJUSTMENT OF TIIE KV COMPENSATION

/In the PCB AMPLIFIER thereare4 timrneswhich are


usedto keep dakeningconstantasthe kV vary (Fig, 6).
P2 adjuststhe darkeningbetween23 and25 kV
P3 adjuststhe da*ening between25,5 and28 kV
P4 adjuststhe darkeningbetween28,5 and30 kV
P5 adjsutsthe dakeningbetwen30,5 and40 kV
Thesetdmmers arecalibrated durilg the final
inqrection and it shouldnot be necessaryto adjust
them.
Howeveif they do requireadjusting,refe to the
diagramin Fig. 7 andto the moe detailedinstructionin
the AEC COMET hand book aleadv in vour
possession.
IME
TELEMAT

Cassette execution

Dismouting and mounting of backplate in


order to extend circuit boad.

To loose4 screwswhit Philips screwdriver

Foto 1

openul

Foto 2

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co a oo F

TV TUBE

GND

*rorvfi 1'"rdd

FUOCOGRAI'IDE
LAFGE FOCUS

f.P.11 FUOCOGFANDE

IM5
FUOCOGBANDE
LARGEFOCUS

PELAY
RELE'P

1. COM.

X-RAYCONTROL
COMANDORX

2" - 3' COM.

OUTPUT
EMISSIONE

FUOCOPrccoLo
SMALLFOCUS
PELAY
FFI ' D

1" COM.

X-RAYCONTROL
COMANDORX

2" . 3" COM.

EMISSIONE
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amplifier cicuit boardemoved

Foto 3

Foto 4

-39-
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The grid beginsto move at the stat of the pepaation.
During the preparatiotrstage(2 seconds)the gdd must
passthe deadpoint and startthe outwardru[,
The exposuemust start after the gid hasgone4 mm.
of the outwardrutr andmust terminatebeforethe eid
reachesthe etrdof the outward'un.
Befoe the end of the etum run. this movementis
inteupted by a micocontactco[nanded by an
adjustablecamme locatedor the gdd
movementmoto.
The adjustmetrtof the stop/parkingpoint andspeedof
the grid dependson the aveagetime of the exposure.
A corectexposureis generullydonewith an
approximateminimum of 30 mAs and a maximumof
200 mAs. (Grid run about3 seconds),
The grid is generallyrcgulatedto wok with thesemAs
values.
If on averagethe mAs value is lower, the speedof the
grid shouldbe increasedandthe parking point
modified.
The exposuremust startwhen the grid hastavelled
about7 mm- of the outwardun andthe run must last
for abouta second.
qfo adjustthespeedof thegrid. theporenomerer P6l
'
mustbeadjustedwhenrbe largefocusis usedard
potentiometerP62 when the small focus is being used.
Thesetwo potentiometeNafe on the electdc panel(see
drawingno.ol1).
To adjustthe parkng position of the grid adjustthe
camre attachedto the drive moto,locatedinsidethe
tunnel.
When wok is donewith the small focus,the gid in
peparationhasthe samespeedaswhenwork is done
with the lage focus.
When the exposue statsthe gid changesspeed(the
relay R3 is activated).
The speedduing exposureis egulatedby the
potentiometerP62 andis calibatedto give an outwad
run of about5 seconds.

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REGI]LATION OF TIIE PENDT]LAR
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MOVEMENT OF THE X-RAY TUBE (r 24")

Findingtbecntralposition.
Use a spidt level to position the tunnel hoizortally.
The coveringof the x-ray tube shouldbe removed
beforebegi0ling the adjustment.
Drop the perpendicufarfrom the centeof the x-ray tube
using a plumb line.
Swichon the systemsiog the greenswitch on the
cetrteringconaol panel.
Adjust the centralposition by adjustitrgthe tube
movementcommandso that the plumb line falls in the
centeof the tuDnel.
Make a referencamark on the guidewherethe tube
holdig bracketruns.
By adjusngthe trimmer R19, fitted on the stereotaxis
i'\-- contol cad on the tube movement contfol, egulatethe
stoDoto the referencemak.

FINDING TI{E SIDE POSITIONS t 24.

The incli[ation anglefor the x-ray tubeis 24' andthe


cod calculaiedon the diameteof the guide (Diamete
835mm.) is 173,6mm.
Mark the stop positionsto the ight andleft of the
centalpoiDt.
Using the trimmer R2l fitted on the
stereotaxiscontol cad,adjustthe left stop.
Using the timmer R17 fitted on e stereotaxiscofltlol
cad, adjustthe right stop.69l6l19.
In a clockwisedirectiorlthe force incrcaseswh the
timme R17 fitted on the stereotaxiscontol card,
adjustthe dght stop.
For a more detailedsettingof the system,seethe
manualGiotto with Cytoguideunderthe sectiotr
"Settine".

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