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The Institute of Ancient Manuscipts after Mesrop Mashtots

MATENADARAN and Friends of the Matenadaran


Benevolent Fund express their gratitude to JTI ARMENIA
CJSC for sponsoring the publication of this volume




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MATENADARAN
MASHTOTS INSTITUTE OF ANCIENT MANUSCRIPTS

BULLETIN OF MATENADARAN

23

Nairi publishing house


YEREVAN 2016

23


2016

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HARUTYUN MARUTYAN
THE STUDY OF THE HISTORY OF TAYKS
ARCHITECTURE AND SOVIET CENSORSHIP
eywords: Tayk, Tayks architectural monuments, Armenian-
Georgian controversies in regard to architectural heritage, Kars region,
Ardahan, Turkey, Janashia, Nikolay Tokarsky, iran rutyan.

The study of the architectural monuments of Tayk has begun one


and a half centuries ago and is part of the history of the Armenian-
Georgian controversies in regard to architectural heritage. It has both
scientific and political significance, and remains a subject that is not
directly touched upon in special publications on architecture and is only
highlighted in case of necessity by researchers or political and public
figures. Places of worship (which were merely regarded as monuments
130 .

during the Soviet period) are also indicators for the ethnic structure of the
region they were built in.
The present article examines the history of the study of Tayks
architectural heritage during the Soviet period, the developments of the
Soviet-Turkish relations after World War II in relation to the territory of
the former Kars region, as well as some questions about the formation of
Georgias territorial claims. Special attention is devoted to the fate of
the books The Architecture of Ancient Armenia by Nikolay Tokarsky
(1946) and The Architectual Monuments of Tayk by Tiran Marutyan
(1972), which was immediately destroyed. The approach of the Soviet
and Soviet-Armenian censorship is studied based on the example of the
fate of Tiran Marutyans books, which contained sections on the
architecture of Tayk, and his unpublished memoires.
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