Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

Technology and telecommunications

Chapter 1. Tech and telecommunications


Definition of technology
Technology is the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes or applications,
whether in industry or in our everyday lives
Vocabulary
> Appraisal: (noun) the act of examining someone or sth in order to judge their
qualities, success or needs
> Amenable: (adj.) willing to do something or to be influenced by someone
> Technological: relating to or involving technology
> Development: the process of gradually becoming bigger, better, stronger or
more advanced
> Furthermore
> Access: the right to enter a place, use sth, see someone, etc
> Improve
> Affluent: (adj.) having plenty of money, nice houses, expensive things, etc
> Tech savvy: knowing a lot about modern technology and how to use it
> Drawback: a disadvantage of a situation or sth
> Confide: to tell someone you trust about personal things that you do not want
other people to know
> Loss: the fact of no longer having sth
> Catch on: to become popular
> Belie: to give someone a false idea about sth
> Technotrash: any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic devices
> Device: a machine or tool that does a special job
> Gadget: a small, useful, and cleverly-designed machine or tool
> Double-edged sword
> Pose: to cause a problem
> Humankind

Adjective Noun
Current
Digital
Educational
The latest
Alternative Technology
Military
Medical
Cutting edge
White hot (full new)
State-of-the-art (brand new)

Verbs Noun
Employ
Create
Develop
Introduce Technology
Allow sth
Apply
Employ
Take advantage of

1
Technology and telecommunications

Word Family Compound Nouns


Technophile Communications technology
Information technology
Technophobe
Military tech
technological Voice-recognition tech

Vocabulary
> Machine
> Digital native
> Technophobe
> Cutting-edge
> Fix
> Mend
> Appliance
> ICT: information and communication technologies
> Outdated
> Repair
Telecommunications is communication at a distance using electrical signals or
electromagnetic waves

Adjective Noun
Global
International
National Telecommunications
Public
Satellite
Digital

Noun Noun
Network
System
Services
Telecommunications World
Infrastructure
Public
Satellite
Company

Adjective Noun
Latest
Worldwide
Advance Information technology
Modern
Interactive
Digital

2
Technology and telecommunications

Noun Noun
Consultant
Division
Specialist
Information technology Management
Cost
Skill
Trends

Word formation
Verb Noun (thing) Nouns (person, device)
To annotate Annotation ----
To connect connection Connector
To cover Cover ----
To detect Detection Detector
To download Download ----
To filter ---- Filter
To request Request ----
To retrieve Retrieval Retriever
To signal ---- Sign
To store store ----
To synchronize Synchronization ----
To switch ---- Switcher
To transfer Transfer ----
To transmit transmission Transmitter

Means of telecommunication
Computer Phone
+ Noun Adj. + Verb + + Noun Adj. + Verb +
Network Desktop Use Number Office Be on
System Home Run Service cordless Answer
Keyboard Switch off User Lift
Programmer Boot up Brand Wait on
Bill Charge
Card Set
Internet Restore
+ Noun Adj. + Verb + Get
Connection Free Surf the Reboot
Usage Open Go on
Banking Fast Connect
Betting Slow Navigate Social network
Dating + Noun Adj. + Verb +
Security User Established Make
Profile Vital Provide
Sites Complex Log in
Email Behaviour Open
+ Noun Adj. + Verb + Bullying Traditional
Message Spam Send
box Receive
Get
Read/reply

3
Technology and telecommunications

Chapter 2. Computers
Hardwares vocabulary
> PC
o Screen
o Monitor
o System unit
o Mouse
o Keyboard
Space bar
> Laptop
o Usb port
o Cd drive
o Cd rom
> Router
> USB/ flash drive/ pen drive
> Webcam
> Headset
> Tablet & smartphone
Softwares vocabulary
> Cursor/pointer
> Folder
> Recycle bin
> Icons on the desktop
> Windows
> Operating system
> Programmes
> Menu bar
> Task bar
> Quick lunch
> Web browser
> Search engines
Collocations
Verb Noun Verb Noun
Retrieve To buy
Upload/download To license
Keep sth on To burn
Open/close A file To force A program
To copy To write
To attach To use
To compress To run
To move

Verb Noun Verb Noun


A document Click (on) A folder
Scroll up A website Double-click A file
Scroll down A folder (on) A programme
Scroll through A text Right-click (on) An icon
A map Left-click (on) A link
4
Technology and telecommunications

Phrasal verbs
> Log in/on: to do the necessary actions on a computer system that will allow
you to begin using it
> Pick up: to collect sth from a place
> Zoom in:
> Hack into:
> Turn up: to turn a switch on a machine such as an oven, radio, etc. so that it
produces more heat, sound, etc
> Back up
> Key in: to put information into a computer or another machine using buttons or
a keyboard
> Switch/turn on: to make a machine or piece of electrical equipment such as a
television, engine, light, etc. start operating by pushing a button, turning a key,
etc.
> Plug in: to connect any piece of electrical equipment to any supply of electricity
> Turn down: to turn the switch on a machine such as an oven, radio, etc. so that
it produces less heat, sound, etc.
> Start/boot up: to make a computer begin working
> Print out/off
> Log off/out:
> Zoom out
> Shut down: to close the programs and make the computer stop working
> Switch/turn off: to make a machine or piece of electrical equipment such as a
television, engine, light, etc. stop operating by pushing a button, turning a key,
etc.
Opposites
Action Opposite Noun
Plug in Unplug The printer
Switch/turn on Switch/turn off The webcam
Start/ boot up Shut down A computer
Log on/in Log off/out A computer
Turn up Turn down The volume
Create Delete A folder
Zoom in Zoom out A picture
Scroll up Scroll down A text
Upload Download A file
Install uninstall A program

Word formation
> We use thee prefix en- or the suffix -en to form verbs from adjectives to give the
meaning make

5
Technology and telecommunications

Chapter 3. The internet


Collocations
Verb Noun Noun Noun
Access The internet Internet Site
Go on Portal
Use Chat room
Connect Magazine
Auction
Broadcast
Link
Caf
Access
usage

Vocabulary
> Bandwidth: a measurement of the amount of information that a particular
computer network or internet connection can send in a particular time. Often
measured in bits per second
> WWW: world wide web
> Search engine: a computer program that searches the internet for information
> Cybercaf: a caf with computers on which customers can use the internet
> Bookmark: a record of an address that enables you to find it quickly
> Netiquette: the rules of correct or polite behaviour among people using the
internet
> Browser: a program that lets you look at or read documents on the net
> Address
> Service provider: a company that provides you with an internet connection and
services
> Blog
> Website
> E-commerce: business that is conducted on the internet
Collocations
Noun Noun Verb Noun
Program Click on
Browser Window Tap on
Interface Contain A link
Hover
Save
Verb Noun Store
View
Browse
Load
Re-load A web page
Choose
Save/store
Go back to
Go forward to

6
Technology and telecommunications

Vocabulary
> Snail mail: The ordinary postal system as opposed to email.
> Hard copy
> Happy slapping: The practice whereby a group of people assault a stranger at
random while filming the incident on a mobile device, so as to circulate the
images or post them online.
> Cyber Monday: The Monday following the US holiday of Thanksgiving,
promoted by online retailers as a day for exceptional bargains.
> Bookmark
> At the touch of a button
> Post (verb and noun)
> A click away
> Cyberchondriac: A person who compulsively searches the Internet for
information about particular real or imagined symptoms of illness.
> Viral
> Cyberbullying
> At the click of a mouse
> Youtuber
> Pokmon-going
> Go viral
> Pokmon chaser
> Video streaming
Parts of email
> Username
> Domain
> Top-level domain
> @: at
> .: dot
> _: underscore
> /: forward slash
> ABC: upper case
> Abc: lower case