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CONTENTS

LIST OF FIGURES
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF ACRONYMS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 2
1.1 Antenna Parameters 2
1.1.1 Impedance matching 2
1.1.2 Radiation pattern 3
1.1.3 Antenna Gain 4
1.1.4 Polarization 5
1.1.5 Bandwidth 5
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE SURVEY 7
CHAPTER 3: MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA 12

3.1 Introduction 12
3.2 Construction and Geometry 12
3.3 Types of Radiating Patches 14
3.4 Waves on Microstrip 14
3.4.1 Surface Waves 15
3.4.2 Leaky Waves 16
3.4.3 Grounded Waves 17
CHAPTER 4: FEEDING METHODS FOR PATCH ANTENNA 18
4.1 Microstrip Feed line 18
4.2 Coaxial line Feed 19
4.3 Aperture Coupled Feed 20
4.4 Proximity Coupled Feed 21
CHAPTER 5: METHODS OF ANALYSIS OF PATCH ANTENNA 23
5.1 Transmission line Model 23
5.2 Cavity model 26
5.3 Full Wave Analysis-Method of moments 30
5.4 Circular Polarization 33
5.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Microstrip Antenna 40
5.5.1 Advantages 40
5.5.2 Disadvantages 40
5.6 Applications 41
5.7 Antennas Under Consideration 41

CHAPTER 6: SLOT ANTENNA 43


CHAPTER 7: SOFTWARE 48
7.1 HFSS 48

7.2 Ansoft Terms 49

7.3 Ansoft HFSS Desktop 52

7.4 Numerical Methods 53

7.5 Techniques for the Design and Optimization of Antennas 53


CHAPTER 8: BROADBAND STACKED PATCH ANTENNA 57
8.1 Existing Method 57
8.2 Proposed Antenna Design 58
8.3 Software Design of Proposed Antenna 60
CHAPTER 9: RESULTS 63
CHAPTER 10: ADVANTAGES AND APPLICATIONS 68
CHAPTER 11: CONCLUSION 69
REFERENCES