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# Course: EENG480 Electromagnetic Wave Propagation

## Semester: Spring 2011

Assignment: 3 - Solution

Problem 1-
A 100/240 silica optical fiber has a core index of 1.460 and a cladding index of 1.450.
Estimate the number of propagating modes for a source wavelength (a) 850 nm, (b) 1300
nm and (c) 1550 nm.

Solution:

## For a 100 micrometer diameter fiber we have a = 50 x 10-6 m. Then,

2
a 2 (50 x106 )
2

N 2 f c (1.46)2 (1.45)2
2
n n 2

1.436 x109
N .
2
(a) for 850 nm we have
1.436 x109
N 1990
(850 x109 )2
Likewise, (b) N = 850 and (c) N = 598.

Problem 2-
Suppose nf = 1.475 and nc = 1.470. Determine the numerical aperture for a source of
light incident from air. What is the maximum core diameter allowed to support only a
single propagating mode if the source wavelength is 1300 nm?

Solution

## n 2f nc2 1.4752 1.4702

NA sin a 0.121
n0 1

amax
k01

1300 x10 2.405 4.1 m,
9

2 n 2f nc2 2 0.121
diameter 2amax 8.2 m.
Problem 3-

Consider coupling efficiency from a typical LED to a graded-index multimode fiber can
be approximated as (NA)2. What is the power received by a typical PIN diode if 2 km of
850 nm fiber is used? Repeat for 2.0 km of 1300 nm fiber.

Solution:

Using the data available in Tables 7.2 7.5, and with source-to-fiber loss =
10log(NA2), we find:
850nm GRIN MMF 1300nm GRIN MMF
NA 0.24 0.20
Atten 4dB/km 1dB/km

## PIN = 0dB 0dB

Source-to-fiber -12.4dB -14dB
Connector -0.7dB -0.7dB
Fiber(2km*atten) -8dB -2dB
Connector -0.7dB -0.7dB
Fiber-to-detector -1.5dB -1.5dB
Prec(dB) -23.3dBm -18.9dB

Prec 1mW 10 rec ( dB )
P 10
4.7W 13W