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2017

691.54:66.018.8 . , ;
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Spanish Institute of Cement and its Applications (IECA),



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EN 197-1.
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EN 206:2013 .
EHE-08. -
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EN 197-1
: , ; UNE 803031, -
; ; ;
. UNE80303-2.
Keywords: Seawater concrete, marine environment, sulphate resistant
cement, calcium aluminates, concrete service life.
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1
2017

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EN206:2013 EHE-08 / CSH
: (XS1), - (()2, ):
(XS2) (. .1). -
C3S + C2S + H CSH + CH. (1)
(XS3). ,
- , / -
, 0,50; 0,50 0,45; - SO42
, - 300, 325 350/3
, , : - CaSO4 2H2O),
, (XS1), (XS2) - (16 /), -
, (XS3) . (25 /):
. / -
Ca(OH)2 + SO42 + 2H2O
, 0,45 .
CaSO4 2H2O + 2OH. (2)
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. EHE-08 [2]

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, X0 XC1 XC4 XS1 XS2 XS3 XD
0,65
100
27,21 / 0,65 0,60 0,55 0,50 0,50 0,45 0,50
, /

10 0,60 0,60 0,55 0,45 0,45 0,45 0,45


3,81
1,66 1,26
200
0,86 0,12 0,08 -
1 250 275 300 300 325 350 325
NaCl MgCl2 MgSO4 CaSO4 K2SO4 , /3
275 300 300 300 325 350 325
0,1
CaCO3 MgBr 20
2

25 25 30 30 30 35 30
0,01 , /2
25 25 30 30 35 35 35
. 1.

2
2017

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C3A, - .
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C4AH13: .

C3A + CH + 12H C4AH13. (3)
CSH
C4AH13 - .
C3A 3C 32H, , :
C6A3H32 [6]:
CSH + Mg2+ MSH + Ca2+, (6)
3CH2 + C4AH13 + 14H
C6A3H32 + CH. (4) CSH + Mg2+ CMS2H2 + Ca2+. (7)
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, , EN 197-1:2011,
[Ca6Al2(OH)12 24H2O]6+[3(SO4) 2H2O]6.

, - CEM I. -
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. Mg2+
Na+ ( -
. ):
-
2Cl + Ca2+ + C4AH13
, , [5].
C3A CaCl2 H10 + CH + 2H. (8)
-
-
( Mg(OH) 2 ; , -
0,01/, Ca(OH)2 1,37 /). :

CaCl2 + C3A + 10H
,
C3A CaCl2 H10. (9)
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Mg(OH)2 10,5. - -
, - - ,
, CSH. , - -. ,
CSH,
. - , -
-
(5)(7). . -
- , - -
, :
C4AH13
Ca(OH)2 + Mg2+ Mg(OH)2 + Ca2+. (5)
:
-
3SO42 + 3Ca2+ + C4AH13 + 20H
. -
C3A (CaSO4)3 H32 + CH. (10)
, -
- -
Mg(OH)2. (11)

5
2017

, - , CSH - CEM IV
: . , - CEM V ,
SO42 + C + 2H2O EN 197-1:2011. CEM II. -
CaSO4 2H2O + 2OH. (11) CEM I.
CEM I -
- 95 % . CEM I -, -
(10). , , -
-, - ,
, CSH.
, ( ).
- C 3S+C 2S. , , -,
, C3A, ,
: - -
. CSH, -
3CaSO4 (3Ca2++3SO42) + C3A CaCl2 H10 +
CEM II. , .
+ 22H C3A (CaSO4)3 H32 +
CEM II - . 2 ,
+ CaCl2 (Ca2++2Cl). (12)
( 65 %), - -,
, EN 197-1:2011: 6 20 % . -
( A) 21 35 % ( B).
, - , -
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): (S),
, - (), , -
, , - - (V) (D). ,
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CEM III, .

4
EN 197-1:2011, ,

-



XS1 ( , )
CEM IV/A, CEM IV/B, CEM V/A, CEM II/A-S, CEM II/A-M, CEM II/A-V, CEM II/A-D, CEM I
CEM V/B, CEM III/A, CEM III/B, CEM CEM II/A-P, CEM II/A-L, CEM II/A-LL
III/C, CEM II/B-S, CEM II/B-M, CEM
II/B-V, CEM II/B-P
CEM II/A-P, CEM II/A-V, CEM II/A- CEM II/B-V, CEM II/B-P. CEM II/B-M, CEM IV/B, CEM V/A, CEM
M, CEM II/A-S, CEM II/A-D, CEM I CEM II/B-S, CEM IV/A, CEM III/A V/B, CEM III/B, CEM II/A-L,
CEM II/A-LL
CEM II/A-D, CEM I, CEM II/A-V, CEM
II/A-P, CEM II/A-M (V, P) (/MR)*
XS2 ( , )
CEM III/B, CEM III/C, CEM V/A, CEM III/A, CEM IV/A, CEM II/A-M, CEM II/A-D, CEM II/A-L,
CEMV/B, CEM IV/B, CEM II/B-S, CEM II/A-V, CEM II/A-P CEM II/A-LL, CEM I
CEM II/B-M, CEM II/B-V, CEM II/B-P
CEM III/A CEM V/A, CEM IV/A, CEM III/B, CEM IV/B, CEM II/A-S, CEM II/A-D, CEM II/A-L,
CEMII/B-S, CEM II/B-M, CEM II/B-V, CEM II/A-M, CEM II/A-V, CEM II/A-P CEM II/A-LL, CEM I
CEM II/B-P
CEM II/A-D, CEM I, CEM II/A-V,
CEM II/A-P, CEM II/A-M (V, P) (/MR)
XS3 ( , )
CEM IV/B, CEM V/B, CEM III/B, CEM II/A-S, CEM II/A-M, CEM II/A- CEM II/A-D, CEM II/A-L,
CEMIII/C, CEM IV/A, CEM III/A, V, CEM II/A-P CEM II/A-LL, CEM I
CEM II/B-S, CEM II/B-M,
CEM II/B-V, CEM II/B-P
CEM IV/A, CEM V/A, CEM III/A, CEM II/A-S, CEM II/A-M, CEM II/A-D, CEM II/A-L,
CEMII/B-S, CEM II/B-M, CEM II/A-V, CEM II/A-P CEM II/A-LL, CEM I
CEM II/B-V, CEM II/B-P
CEM II/A-D, CEM I, CEM II/A-V, CEM
II/A-P, CEM II/A-M (V, P) (/MR)*

* MR , UNE 80303-2:2011.

6
2017

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( - (XS3)
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,

Mehta K. Reducing the Environmental Impact of Concrete // Con-
, : crete International. 2001. Vol. 23, N 10. P. 6166.
1) - Secretara General Tcnica del Ministerio de Fomento (Spain).
2 , ; EHE-08: Instruccin Espaola del Hormign Estructural. Centro
de Publicaciones de la Secretara General Tcnica, 2008. 722 p.
2) Andrade C., Whiting D.A. Comparison of chloride ion diffusion
CSH, - coefficients derived from concentration gradients and non-steady
- - state accelerated ionic migration // Materials and Structures. 1996.
; Vol. 29, N 192. P. 476484.
3) Castro P., De Rincon C.T., Pazini E.J. Interpretation of chloride
profiles from concrete exposed to tropical marine environments //
, - Cement Concrete Res. 2001. Vol. 31, N 4. P. 529537.
: ; Calleja J. Durability // Proc. of 7th Intern. Congr. on Chemistry
4) of Cement. Paris, 1980. Sub-Theme VII-2, 1. P. VII:2/1-VII:2/48.
, Candlot E. Sur les proprits des produits hydraulique // Bull. Soc.
. Encourage Ind. Natl. 1890. Vol. 89, N 682. P. 685716.

2 3
EN 197-1:2011, EN 197-1:2011,
-, ,


CEM III/C CEM IV/B
CEM III/B CEM IV/A
CEM III/A
CEM V/B
CEM V/B CEM V/A
CEM V/A
CEM III/C
CEM IV/B
CEM III/B
CEM IV/A
CEM III/A
CEM II/B-S
CEM II/B-P CEM II/B-V
CEM II/B-V CEM II/B-P
CEM II/A-S CEM II/B-S
CEM II/A-P CEM II/A-P
CEM II/A-V CEM II/A-V
CEM II/A-D CEM II/A-S
CEM I CEM I