Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

APR-AVIATION TRAINING CENTRE

APR-TAME PROGRAM

ASSESSMENT CHECKPOINT CLEARANCE SHEET


[Form: APR-ATC/AU/AC-CS/14-01]

Checkpoint Description : Avionics Date: 23/11/2015

Name: Licence Category: I/C No.: Batch:


Mohamad Razif Bin Roslan B1.3 920917-08-5889 24

TASK DETAILS

1. Explain Squib test.

Squib test is done by pushing the test button on squib test panel. The test buttons are used to
test the squib firing circuits from the control panel to the extinguisher bottles. Green light indicates
that the firing circuits are functioning well.

2. Brake temperature warning light.

The BRAKE TEMP light illuminates (or a BRAKE OVHT alert displays) when the temperature of a
brake rises above a predetermined level and turns off when all the brakes have cooled to a
certain level (fig. 1). These levels vary by airplane model and type of brake .

Page 1 of
Last 4 digits of TAME ID: TAME signature:
APR-AVIATION TRAINING CENTRE
APR-TAME PROGRAM

ASSESSMENT CHECKPOINT CLEARANCE SHEET


[Form: APR-ATC/AU/AC-CS/14-01]

Checkpoint Description : Avionics Date: 23/11/2015

3. Explain Anti-skid system.

The anti-skid system is designed to prevent the main landing gear wheels from locking up during
landing, particularly on wet or icy surfaces. Skid happens when too much pressure is applied by
the pilot to operate the brake, the wheel lock up. The anti-skid system ensures optimum braking
under all conditions by modifying the pressure being exerted by the pilot on the braking pedals.
The applied pressure is reduced before the wheels lock up and the reapplied to continue the
braking action. The system comprises speed transducers/sensors on each wheel, a control unit
and electro-hydraulic control valves.

4. Explain Auto-pilot system.

A helicopter autopilot will usually consist of an autostabiliser, providing long-term datum holding,
to which other special facilities may be added. A basic autopilot holds an external condition such
as airspeed, altitude, track etc. This differs from the Automatic Stabilization Equipment (ASE) that
provides datum holding to a helicopter attitude reference such as pitch, roll and yaw. The
autopilot is a closed loop system. The autopilot controls the aircraft via the associated servos in
the required order to fly the helicopter.

5. How long are the recording hours of Flight Data Recorder (FDR)?

A fixed wing aircraft operating under JAR OPS 1 are required to install a digital flight data
recorder capable of retaining the recorded data for the last 25 hours. While for helicopter used for
commercial transportation (with maximum take-off mass over 3175 kg) also required to install a
flight data recorder capable to retain the recorded data for the last 8 hours.

6. What is Inertial Reference System? How to enter the input?

An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors
(accelerometers) and gyroscopes to continuously calculate via dead reckoning the position,
orientation, and velocity (direction and speed of movement) of aircraft without the need for
external references. The Inertial Reference Unit is fixed to the chassis so those sense all the
aircraft movements and the earths gravity. Pilot enter the input to the system by using
multipurpose control display unit (MCDU).

Page 2 of
Last 4 digits of TAME ID: TAME signature:
APR-AVIATION TRAINING CENTRE
APR-TAME PROGRAM

ASSESSMENT CHECKPOINT CLEARANCE SHEET


[Form: APR-ATC/AU/AC-CS/14-01]

Checkpoint Description : Avionics Date: 23/11/2015

7. The frequency of HF and VHF?

The frequency of a High Frequency (HF) designation is 3 30 Megahertz (MHz) while the
frequency of Very High Frequency (VHF) designation is 30 300 Megahertz (MHz).

8. Explain marker beacon.

The marker system is a radio navigation aid which determines the distance between the aircraft
and the runway threshold. When the aircraft over-flies one of those marker transmitters, the
system provides aural and visual indications to the flight crew. When the aircraft over-flies a
marker beacon, the pilot hears the audio signal and see the appropriate visual indication :

Outer Blue
Middle Amber
Inner/Airway White

9. Explain ADF system.

The Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) is a short and medium range radio navigation aid, which
receives and interprets the signals, provided by non-directional beacons (NDB) and broadcasting
ground stations. The combination of signals received from two loop antennas and from one
omnidirectional sense antenna, provides bearing information.

10. Explain DME.

The Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) provides a digital read-out of the aircraft slant range
distance from a selected ground station. The system generates interrogation pulses form an
onboard interrogator and sends them to a selected ground station. The ground station replies.
The interrogator determines the distance in Nautical Mile (NM) between the station and the
station. The interrogator detects the Morse audio signal which identifies the ground station,

Frequency : Around 1 Ghz (UHF range), 252 channels paired with VHF NAV frequencies

Page 3 of
Last 4 digits of TAME ID: TAME signature:
APR-AVIATION TRAINING CENTRE
APR-TAME PROGRAM

ASSESSMENT CHECKPOINT CLEARANCE SHEET


[Form: APR-ATC/AU/AC-CS/14-01]

Checkpoint Description : Avionics Date: 23/11/2015

Page 4 of
Last 4 digits of TAME ID: TAME signature: