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Feasibility Report for Development of RoRo cum GCB

c. Current Parameters

During the northeast monsoon, the current is directed southwards


while during the southwest monsoon the current is directed
northwards. The currents in the coastal zone are approximately 0.15 to
0.20 m/s. NIOT have measured currents at four locations off Ennore
Port during March 2002. At two locations with water depths of 15m and
10m, measurements were taken at 1 m depth intervals. It was noted
that the maximum current velocity was 0.35m/s at the surface and
0.25m/s near to the seabed.

Current data were also collected by NIOT from the NDBP buoy. It has
been noted that the maximum current recorded during March to July,
1999 was around 0.40m/s and for a few days it reached up to 0.60m/s.
The predominant current direction was towards NNE.

d. Climate Conditions

The environmental conditions described hereunder have been based on


in-house data and those procured from the Indian Metrological
Department (IMD). Wherever insufficient information was available,
expert judgments have been made. It will be necessary to perform
model testing and detailed analysis at the design phase of the project to
confirm the assumed data.

The climate in the region has a typical monsoon character. Two


monsoons dominate the climate - the southwestern summer monsoon
and the northeastern winter monsoon. The summer monsoon starts
around the beginning of June and holds on until September. The
northeast monsoon starts by the latter half of October and lasts until
December. The summer monsoon is stronger than the winter monsoon
and the months between both monsoons form a transition period of
calmer weather. Storms occur particularly in autumn months.

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Feasibility Report for Development of RoRo cum GCB

e. Wind
Mean monthly wind speed data at Ennore port is given in Table 2.1. The
largest frequencies of occurrence are from northeast and southwest
directions. This corresponds with the monsoon seasons and is in
accordance with more general data for the western part of the Bay of
Bengal. South to southeast wind directions also occur frequently,
mainly during the transition period between the two monsoons.

Table 2.1 Monthly Mean Wind Speed

Month Wind Speed (Km/hr) Direction

January 18.2 NE
February 15.5 NE
March 19.3 SE
April 25.0 SSE
May 24.9 S
June 23.4 S
July 21.7 S
August 20.9 SSW
September 17.9 SE
October 16.8 NE
November 22.6 NE
December 20.2 NE

f. Rainfall
More than 60% of the annual rainfall takes place during the northeast
monsoon (October to December). The average monthly rainfall normally
varied from 1 mm in March/April to 416 mm in November. The total
annual rainfall shows considerable variation over the years, from
1525mm in 1975 to 550 mm in 1982. Data collected from IMD indicates
an average monthly rainfall of 100mm and average annual rainfall of
1200mm. Monthly rainfall in a typical year is shown in Table 2.2.

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