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ANNUAL REPORT

STAFF AND OFFICES


2 22
OUR NETWORK, PARTNERS AND
PROGRAMS

INTRODUCTION:
3 24
BRIDGING SOCIAL AND SOUTHEAST ASIA: FOUNDATIONS
ECONOMIC DIVIDES TO OVERCOME WORKING TO SOLVE LOCAL
POVERTY AND INCREASE EQUITY AND NATIONAL PROBLEMS
Community foundations in the

FDC: RAY OF HOPE FOR


4 Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia are
fostering collaboration among civil
society, local government and business
MOZAMBIQUE’S FUTURE to address development challenges.
The country’s first grantmaking foundation
enables Mozambicans to help themselves. 29
LEADERSHIP THAT BRIDGES
DIVIDES: CONNECTING DIVERSE
INTERESTS FOR COMMON GOOD
Synergos convenes a global task force
that develops tools to teach skills
needed for successful collaboration.

30
GPC TRIPS TO SOUTHERN AFRICA
Global Philanthropists Circle member
trips leave an indelible impression,
forging alliances and transforming
philanthropy.
COVER: Amelia’s

fpo
Home for
Abandoned
Children, a
program in Cape
36
12 Town, South ESQUEL: ECUADOR’S MODEL
Africa, supported FOUNDATION
by Ikamva An innovative organization uses new
ABRINQ: DEDICATED TO THE RIGHTS OF BRAZIL’S Labantu and the
approaches in Ecuador’s struggle to
Rupert family,
CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS that Global Philanthropists Circle reduce poverty and promote sustainable
The Abrinq Foundation bridges social and economic divides to members visited. development.
protect the rights and improve the lives of Brazil’s children.

AN INFORMATION SOURCE ON PHILANTHROPY,


15
SOCIAL INVESTMENT AND BRIDGING DIVIDES

US-MEXICO BORDER:
16
COMMUNITY FOUNDATIONS AS CHANGE AGENTS
A unique partnership tackles social and
economic problems along the US-Mexico border.

UNIVERSITY FOR A NIGHT


19
39 BOARD OF DIRECTORS

SENIOR FELLOWS: CATALYSTS FOR CHANGE


20 40 DONORS
42 SUMMARY FINANCIAL REPORT

2 1
Staff Offices
(as of October 1, 2003) THE SYNERGOS INSTITUTE
Staff members are based at our main office in New York City unless otherwise indicated. 9 East 69th Street
New York, NY 10021
USA
EXECUTIVE OFFICE Tel +1 (212) 517-4900

a
S. Bruce Schearer President Fax +1 (212) 517-4815
Eric Martin Associate synergos@synergos.org
Kelly Pitoscia Executive Assistant to President & Chair www.synergos.org
s our name suggests, at The Synergos
COUNTRY PROGRAMS
David Winder Director, Country Programs
BRAZIL COUNTRY OFFICE
Rua Dias Ferreira Institute we believe in the transformative
64 Sala 306 Leblon
Natasha Amott Associate, Southeast Asia
Jaqueline Castro-Fuentes Assistant to the Director
Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22431-050
Brazil
power of collaboration among people
Hilda Gertze (Based in Cape Town, South Africa) Assistant to the Regional Director, Southern Africa
Judy Harper (Based in San Diego, CA, USA) Associate Director, US-Mexico
Border Philanthropy Partnership
Tel/Fax (55-21) 3205-8721
calessa@synergos.org and organizations to bridge the divides that prevent
Candace A. Lessa (Based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazi) Associate, Brazil
Cristina Parnetti Associate, Latin America SOUTHEAST ASIA REGIONAL OFFICE
successful resolution of poverty-related problems.
Andrea J. Rogers Associate, Southern Africa Rm. 207 - Center for Social Policy
Silvia Siller Associate, US-Mexico Border Philanthropy Partnership & Public Affairs We are fortunate to work with an array of talented partners who are also committed to bridging social
Barry Smith (Based in Cape Town, South Africa) Regional Director, Southern Africa Social Development Complex and economic divides.
Shari Turitz Deputy Director, Country Programs Quezon City 1108 Our broad network of contacts in different regions and sectors of the world enables us to play a
Maria Gisela Velasco Regional Director, Southeast Asia The Philippines convening role to bring different groups to the table in an atmosphere of trust and mutual respect.
(Based in Quezon City, the Philippines) Tel +63 (2) 426-6001 local 4647
Philip Walsh Associate, Mexico Fax +63 (2) (+632) 426-5999
Our committed and talented staff offers guidance and support and brings expertise to particular
gvelasco@synergos.org problems where it is needed. Diverse donors provide essential support for our work. But it is our
partners at the local and national levels who undertake the important initiatives outlined in these
FOUNDATION BUILDING pages, initiatives that are having a real impact on the quality of life and access to livelihood in multi-
John Heller Deputy Director, Foundation Building Services SOUTHERN AFRICA REGIONAL OFFICE ple communities around the world.
Christine Yu Associate, Foundation Building Services PO Box 8047
Roggebaai 8012
Beyond the individual initiatives you will read about here, however, Synergos and its partners are
South Africa developing and refining an approach to bridging divides that will be available to many other groups
GLOBAL PHILANTHROPISTS CIRCLE Tel +27 (021) 421-9788 around the world.
James M. Brasher III Director, Global Philanthropists Circle Fax +27 (021) 425 0413 We happen to focus on foundations as key bridge builders in many societies. As institutions that
Beth H. Cohen Associate Director, Global Philanthropists Circle bsmith@synergos.org.za are conveners, funders, capacity builders and advocates, comprised of diverse boards of trustees
Helen R. Knapp Associate, Global Philanthropists Circle (Visiting address:
10th Floor, ABSA House
with reach into many segments of society, they have a particular combination of attributes that
Anjana Pandey Assistant, Global Philanthropists Circle makes them well-qualified for this task.
Thibault Square
Cape Town 8001 But we also recognize the potential for many other organizations and individuals to play similar
South Africa) bridging roles. Our work to build partnerships to bridge divides extends to such other players as
BRIDGING DIVIDES
Steven Pierce Senior Advisor for Bridging Leadership well. And our work with philanthropists to enable them to be more strategic in the application of
Sayyeda Mirza Associate, Bridging Divides US-MEXICO BORDER PHILANTHROPY
their funds and their access and talents also leads us in this direction.
PARTNERSHIP OFFICE It is our profound privilege to witness the remarkable – and often unexpected – results that occur
921 25th Street when individuals committed to positive change join forces to build stronger and more self-reliant
DEVELOPMENT & COMMUNICATIONS San Diego, CA 92102 communities and institutions. Synergos serves as a catalyst for this change and for the creative con-
James M. Brasher III Director, Development & Communications USA nections across civil society, government and businesses that can lead to it.
Jessica Feinman Associate, Capital Campaign Tel: +1 (619) 234-6630
Forest Michaels Development Assistant Fax: +1 (619) 230-1937
This report covers a selection of our work in 2002 and early 2003 with a sample of our partners;
Jean M. Reilly Associate, Institutional Development for Programs synergosjudy@hotmail.com future editions will examine work with other partners. We invite you to examine these pages and
Andrew Sillen Campaign Director www.borderpartnership.org to visit our website (www.synergos.org) for additional information and inspiration as to how you
John Tomlinson Associate Director, Public Affairs too can engage in bridge building for a better world. We encourage you to contact us with ques-
tions and ideas and hope that we can find ways of working together.

OPERATIONS
Sincerely,
Janet Becker Director, Operations
Jerry De La Espada Facilities Management Coordinator
Steve Ferrier Associate, Information Technology
Joanne Hirschberg Associate Director, Human Resources & Administration
Lucy Lam Staff Accountant
Zaid Mohammed Associate Director, Finance Peggy Dulany S. Bruce Schearer
Founder and Chair President

2 3
FDC:
Ray of
Hopefor
Mozambique’s
Future

T he history of Mozambique is
fraught with colonialism,
internal conflict and famine. A
Portuguese colony for almost
500 years, Mozambique achieved its
independence in 1975 after a five-
year, hard-fought war. That struggle
was followed by 15 years of foreign-
influenced war. A UN-brokered
settlement brought peace in 1992,
but the consequences of the wars
Graça Machel,
were devastating.
co-founder and
Chairperson of the
Foundation for
Almost a million Mozambicans died
Community
Development and during the fighting and from famine
former first lady of
Mozambique and
South Africa. caused by a severe drought.
4 5

It is one thing to help an individual – another


to build an institution that helps thousands.
– Graça Machel, Chairperson,
Foundation for Community Development

Landmines littered the landscape. The Ecuador transform from an NGO into a
country’s children were deeply affected. foundation.
Healthcare delivery was minimal, creating a After hearing the story of Esquel, Mrs.
fertile environment for the spread of Machel believed that the time was ripe for
HIV/AIDS. The nation’s economy and infra- such a foundation in Mozambique. A large
structure were ruined. Today, tremendous percentage of the nation’s budget came from
poverty persists, but Mozambicans are foreign aid, but all the money flowed directly
pulling their country back together. to the government or international NGOs.
One of the rays of hope in Mozambique The goal was to create a local, indigenous
emerged thanks to the vision of Graça grantmaking and programming entity that
Machel, widow of Mozambique’s first presi- would mobilize local resources, attract for-
dent, and other Mozambican leaders. She de- eign money, and serve as an intermediary be-
cided to create a private grantmaking tween donors and communities in need.
foundation that would enable Mozambicans Synergos introduced Machel to American
to help themselves. Synergos worked with philanthropists and provided assistance in
her to make the dream a reality. developing proposals for initial support. The
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foun-
SYNERGOS PROVIDES SUPPORT dation funded the organization’s feasibility
TO LAUNCH THE DREAM study and startup. Other funding came from
In the late 1970s, President Samora Machel the government through a debt forgiveness
invited David Rockefeller to Mozambique to program. And ADC’s founding members
discuss the government’s opening to rela- raised money inside Mozambique.
tions with the West. With Rockefeller was “[A]ll of us contributed money to what is
his daughter Peggy Dulany, who became now the endowment,” says Graça Machel.
friends with the President and his wife “We asked friends, people we knew, for mon-
Graça Machel. When President Machel died ey, and we contacted some businesses. We
in a plane crash in 1986, Dulany, who spoke wanted to send a clear message that Africans justice. In addition, FDC mobilizes re- Mott Foundation, Synergos has provided Children at
a school
Portuguese, flew to the funeral in the capital – Mozambicans – want to be in charge and in sources by building bridges between individ- FDC with a full range of capacity building renovated
city of Maputo to be with her friend. control, because, no matter how small the uals, donors and the nonprofit, public and technical assistance – strategic planning, with support
In 1990, Mrs. Machel was Mozambique’s sums of money were, it was coming from private sectors. The organization now has 30 board development, grants management, fi- from FDC
and UNICEF.
Minister of Education. When she left that Mozambican hands.” international donors, whose funding has al- nancial operations, staff development, evalu-
post, the “mother of lowed FDC to build a strong, professional ation and outreach through one-on-one
the country” formed MAKING THE DREAM A REALITY staff and develop effective, high-impact pro- interactions, as well as workshops. In turn,
MOZAMBIQUE an indigenous non- In 1994, ADC became the Foundation for grams. It has created service delivery sys- Synergos has learned from the FDC’s experi-
Population: governmental Community Development (FDC – Fundação tems in education, health and disaster ences, using this knowledge to help other
17.9 million
organization (NGO) para o Desenvolvimento da Communidade), recovery, some of which the government is foundations around the world.
Avg. annual income:
– the Association for Mozambique’s first endowed grantmaking replicating. With support from Synergos, FDC has en-
$210
C o m m u n i t y foundation. “It is one thing to help an indi- In the past eight years, FDC has mobilized hanced its fundraising capability; established
Population below
the poverty line:
Development vidual – another to build an institution that more than $11 million, which has helped fund financial systems; and created a broad, effec-
70% /2001 est. (ADC). At that time, helps thousands,” says Mrs. Machel. “The more than 100 social development initiatives. tive outreach program to donors and other
UN Human the only NGOs in creation of the Foundation for Community These programs have directly benefited stakeholders.
Development Index the country were for- Development in Mozambique was a pivotal 35,000 Mozambicans, indirectly benefiting In an example of how Synergos has con-
rating: 170 out of 175 eign. She contacted intervention in our country.” many more. Each year, FDC funnels more tinued to support FDC in its efforts to
Life expectancy at Dulany, who had FDC is the only social and economic de- than $2 million in grants to local communities. strengthen its institutional capacities, Syner-
birth: 31.3 years founded Synergos in velopment foundation in Mozambique, fund- gos Senior Fellows (see page 28) Sandra Li-
Death rate: 1986, to talk over ing and operating programs in nine of SYNERGOS’ PARTNERSHIP WITH bunao (the Philippines), Antonio Carlos
30 deaths/1,000 the idea. Mozambique’s ten provinces. It develops and THE MOZAMBICAN FOUNDATION Martinelli (Brazil), and Len le Roux (Namib-
Synergos had re- builds the capacity of NGOs and communi- With funding from the US Agency for Inter- ia) were part of a team that assisted FDC to
cently assisted the ty-based organizations so they can be instru- national Development (USAID), the W.K. develop its five-year strategic plan. The
Esquel Group in ments of poverty-eradication and social Kellogg Foundation and the Charles Stewart process included a highly participatory eval-

6 7
uation, involving FDC’s Mozambican stake- those with the disease and provides educa- Partners in
holders, which made “a unique contribution tion that helps reduce the discrimination Southern Africa
to FDC’s experience,” according to Libunao. they face in their local communities. Besides FDC, we work
The evaluation provided information on Women and children are bearing the with several other partners in
where the organization is efficient and effec- brunt of HIV/AIDS in Mozambican society. Southern Africa including the
tive and where it needs strengthening. It On the outskirts of Maputo, women are Southern African Grantmakers’
highlighted key successes and identified fac- caring for 400 orphaned and vulnerable chil- Association (SAGA), and The
Community Foundation for the
tors that need to be improved to produce dren – children who are either HIV/AIDS-
Western Region of Zimbabwe
lasting change. It also gave FDC a better infected, have lost at least one parent to the (WRF).
sense of the perspectives of donors, partners disease, or have parent(s) who are dying. SAGA has more than 85
and stakeholders – knowledge that will help Reencontro, a community-based initiative of members – corporate and
the organization refine its programs and 15 community activists, provides a wide international donors, local
services. range of services to the children – who range private foundations,
in age from infancy to 18. Services include grantmaking NGOs,
community foundations, and
FOCUSING ON PREVENTING weekly food rations, educational materials,
government funding agencies.
AND COPING WITH THE EFFECTS OF counseling on living with HIV/AIDS, AIDS SAGA programs fall into four
THE HIV/AIDS EPIDEMIC prevention, and home-based care for areas – leadership and
FDC is in the forefront of HIV/AIDS edu- HIV/AIDS-infected infants and parents. innovation, networking and
cation, prevention and healthcare in The network has been primarily self-suffi- coordination, information and
Mozambique. cient. Each member contributes $50 when- communication, and
It was selected by USAID to implement a ever she can. FDC works with Reecontro on professional development and
training. Together with
three-year, $11.5 million project to prevent programming and fundraising goals. In-
Synergos, SAGA has offered
and combat HIV/AIDS. The project – De- creased funding will permit expansion of regional workshops,
velopment Corridor of Hope – marks the services. conferences and Senior Fellow
first time that Mozambican local and nation- School Free of HIV (Êsh! – Escola Sem A PARTNER IN PROGRAMS ly either broken or out of fuel. Lack of re- consultancies that enhance
al HIV/AIDS organizations are working to- HIV) assists students and teachers in plan- THAT MAKE A DIFFERENCE: frigeration meant that, too often, vaccines local grantmaking
gether in a coordinated, comprehensive ning and implementing HIV prevention HEALTHCARE DELIVERY that could save lives were instead spoiled. organizations’ capabilities.
manner on projects ranging from informa- programs in 45 primar y and secondar y Since its inception, FDC has worked to im- Between 45 and 55 percent of the population Synergos played a key role
in WRF’s founding in 1998.
tion dissemination and education to health- schools in the Maputo area. prove healthcare delivery in Mozambique, live more than two hours from the nearest clin-
WRF funds community
care delivery. FDC assists each school to develop its especially in rural areas beyond Maputo. ic. Often they would make the walk only to get development programs
The grant “…will enable FDC to create in- own strategy and activities aimed at increas- Through a unique partnership with Vil- poor quality or no service. FDC was interested throughout the western region
ternal capacity to deal with the problem of ing knowledge and access to information lageReach, a US-based nonprofit organiza- in adapting southern Mozambican healthcare of Zimbabwe. Its priorities are
HIV/AIDS in a more profound way,” says about HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted tion, great progress is being made in the systems to function in the north. Its goal was women’s economic
former FDC Executive Director Carlos illness. The program was started in 2000 provision of children’s vaccinations. to ensure that people who arrived at the clinics empowerment, youth
Fumo. “It is the first time that USAID fund- and in 2001 expanded to ten secondary It is estimated that Mozambique’s nation- got service. This, in turn, would increase confi- development, rural
agriculture, water and
ing has gone to a Mozambican national schools in the northern province of Nampu- al vaccination rates are just 61 percent for dence in healthcare delivery.
education. Hands-on
NGO, which means both tr ust and a la, which has few prevention programs due DPT-3 (Diptheria-Pertussis-Tetanus) and Blaise Judja-Sato, VillageReach founder grantmaking ensures viability
tremendous shift that is highly commend- to a low HIV-infection rate. only 56 percent for polio. The rates for rural and President, actively worked to raise funds of local projects. We have
able. This kind of approach enables Mozam- FDC created Lessening the Impact of Cabo Delgado and Nampula provinces, for FDC in the United States in 1999. A been working with WRF since
bicans to solve their own problems.” HIV/AIDS for Women and Children to re- some 900 miles north of the capital, are telecommunications executive, he traveled its commencement and
Development Corridor of Hope targets duce the impact of HIV/AIDS on families even lower, with DPT3 rates in Cabo Delga- to Mozambique in 2000, delivering re- supported it through donor
individuals and communities along the Ma- in southern Mozambique. The rapid spread do estimated at 29 percent. sources he had mobilized for flood victims. linkages, international Senior
Fellow consultancies, and
puto Development Corridor – a critical road of the disease in the area is twice that of Local health facilities in this area were fre- When he returned, he decided to dedicate
technical assistance to the
and rail link between Mozambique and anywhere else in the country. Without such quently short of critical vaccines, medicines his future to improving life in remote com- staff and board.
South Africa. It distributes HIV/AIDS pre- a program, the organization feared that the and supplies. To make matters worse, even munities. “The first person I called was Peg- Staff and board members of
vention materials, encouraging safe sexual number of area AIDS orphans – 33,034 in when they did have vaccines, the clinics’ gy Dulany,” says Judja-Sato. “She provided SAGA and WRF have served as
practices. It also improves healthcare for 2000 – could multiply to 210,000 by 2010. kerosene-powered refrigerators were typical- guidance to smooth my transition; and since Synergos Senior Fellows.

1975 1977 1990 1992 1994 1995 1996 1999 2000 2001 2002




















































































Mozambique Foreign- Talks begin to end warfare. Peace ADC becomes the Foundation
achieves influenced FDC programs FDC & Synergos FDC’s programs Synergos USAID chooses FDC’s annual
Graça Machel and other visionary agreement for Community Development
help build schools organize major reach 9 of strengthens FDC to implement grantmaking
independence warfare begins Mozambicans found the signed (FDC) – Mozambique’s first
from Portugal grantmaking foundation and strengthen conference on Mozambique’s FDC staff major HIV/AIDS level reaches two
Association for Community local NGOs business 10 provinces skills through prevention million dollars
Development (ADC) involvement internship program
in social program

8 Historic Milestones: Mozambique & the FDC development


9
Fighting HIV/AIDS in percent in the first six months.
Southern Africa A streamlined distribution system has
been set up for rapid delivery of critical vac-
HIV/AIDS is devastating
Southern Africa, decimating
cines, medicines and medical supplies. It has
families and leaving its own fleet, which makes regular deliveries
orphaned children to fend for to remote facilities, working with the gov-
themselves. Close to 28.5 ernment to reach 42 clinics serving more
million people in the area are than 900,000 people.
HIV-infected. In order to secure the availability of LPG
Synergos has brought being used in the clinics, FDC and Vil-
together regional
grantmakers, HIV/AIDS
lageReach established VidaGas, a local distri-
service organizations, and bution company. FDC owns 52 percent of
government and nonprofit the company. VidaGas provides the Ministry
representatives to address of Health, small businesses, and homes with
the crisis in a coordinated a reliable supply of nontoxic fuel. This ener-
way. In 2000-2001, we gy alternative not only improves overall
conducted a study assessing health service delivery, but also reduces the
the size and scope of already-
existing programs – their
negative impact of current fuel sources –
approaches, potential for wood, charcoal and dung. Profits from the
expansion, and capacity sale of LPG should gradually cover the costs
needs. of project operations and help sustain local
The study recommended VillageReach operations.
establishing a regional
HIV/AIDS grantmakers
initiative to develop and
implement common regional
installing clean-burning, liquid petroleum
grantmaking strategies, gas (LPG)-powered refrigerators in 30
channel funds to local clinics. It has also installed LPG lamps,
projects, and build the sterilization facilities, and needle-disposal
capacity of community-based equipment. Vaccine spoilage has been re-
and non-governmental duced; injections are safer. Clinics in
organizations. The group which babies were too often delivered in
would also play a leadership
role in influencing
the dark now offer safer deliveries just be-
government policy. cause of the availability of illumination.
At a 2002 meeting One hundred health workers and local
organized by Synergos, the staff have been trained to properly oper-
Southern African HIV/AIDS Installation of new LPG-powered refrigerators in ate and maintain the new equipment. In Describing FDC, Judja-Sato says, “The or-
Intermediary Grantmaker 30 clinics reduce vaccine spoilage (above), while
new vehicles ensure improved fuel and medical some districts served by the project, vol- ganization is a strong, well established partner
Collaborative (SAHIC) was untar y immunizations increased by 40 with known capacity. The long-term sustain-
supply distribution to remote facilities (right).
born – made up of
organizations from
ability of the model is critical. We wouldn’t
Mozambique, Namibia, South then, she and Synergos staff have provided have been able to do this without FDC.”
Africa and Zimbabwe. SAHIC’s me with valuable support and introduced me FDC provides funding and manages rela-
mission is to help stem the to potential funding sources and experts.” tionships with the government. It also edu-
spread of HIV/AIDS. Synergos In 2002, FDC and VillageReach signed a cates local communities about the project
works with SAHIC to enhance five-year agreement with the Mozambican and enlists community leaders’ support –
collaboration; foster regional Ministr y of Health for the Nor ther n increasing trust in the health system and
programs; develop “best
practice” regional models;
Mozambique Project, which provides logis- demand for higher quality services. Ulti-
and bridge divides between tical healthcare services in Cabo Delgado mately, FDC will manage the program. Ex-
public, private and nonprofit province. p a n s i o n i s p l a n n e d to a r e a s i n Ca b o
sectors. The project has developed a cold chain, D e l g a d o a n d n e i g h b o r i n g Na m p u l a
The provision of
province. liquid petroleum
“In FDC’s healthcare delivery area, in its gas not only


Synergos continues to be a committed, supportive partner to the other program areas, and in its institutional
development, Synergos continues to be a
improves health
service delivery,

foundation. We share the organization’s core values and work to committed, supportive partner to the foun-
but also reduces
the negative


strengthen its capacity and help it achieve its goals. dation” says Schearer. “We share the organi-
zation’s core values and work to strengthen
impact of current
fuel sources such
as wood and
– S. Bruce Schearer, President, The Synergos Institute its capacity and help it achieve its goals.”• dung.

10 11

also to individuals. ment, who participated in a board de-
Abrinq has hired professional fundraisers velopment workshop The Synergos
to approach businesses, giving them a variety ■ Len le Roux (Namibia), an expert in fi- Institute is a
of options for involvement in the founda- nancial sustainability of foundations, who
tion’s work – membership, partnership and was also involved in the board develop-
sympathetic and
program-related collaboration. ment workshop. respectful
This partnership approach has helped Abrinq, Synergos and the International
Abrinq mobilize financial resources and Youth Foundation were the sponsors of an
organization
work with companies, organizations and in- international seminar in São Paulo in Sep- committed
dividuals to achieve the foundation’s objec- tember 2002 on Evaluation, Systematization
tives and successfully run its programs. and Dissemination of Social Projects. The
to the
Partners help fund, manage and disseminate audience was made up of 350 representatives improvement
Abrinq’s programs and projects. They also of the nonprofit sector – grassroots organi- of the lives of
provide technical assistance, resources, zations, associations and foundations, gov-
products or services. ernment agencies and private companies, individuals living
Program-related collaborations mobilize primarily from Brazil, with some attendees in countries
the corporate sector behind a particular chil- from elsewhere in Latin America. Presenta-
dren’s issue, generating financial and materi- tions were made by international specialists, where the
al support for Brazil’s children while including Achmat Dangor, who gave the poverty level is
promoting child-friendly business practices. keynote address. Bernardo Toro, a Senior
unsustainable.
Abrinq’s first program was the Our Chil-
dren initiative, which was aimed at getting
children and adolescents off the streets. The
concept was simple: contributors gave $50
Fellow from Colombia, also participated.
Through our Brazil office, Synergos works
hand-in-hand with Abrinq, assisting the foun-
dation with funding and operational issues.
— Ruben Naves
President, Abrinq

each, which in turn was given to institutions “Year after year, The Synergos Institute
so they would open new slots for homeless has been perfecting its role as a mediator of
children. As the program grew, the founda- the relationships between organizations of

I
n 1990, Brazil passed pro- cents “the absolute priority” on the na- tion planned for the next step – creation of distant countries,” says Ana Maria Wilheim,
Abrinq: gressive legislation in sup-
port of children’s rights.
tion’s agenda. For example, in one of
its successful campaigns to reduce ille-
new institutions to house the children.
By 2002, Abrinq had 14 active programs
Abrinq’s then Superintendent, “bringing us
together through new skills and reflections
Dedicated to That same year, the Brazilian
Association of Toy Makers,
gal child labor, it has mobilized citizens
to expose companies that break the
and projects. about organizational social practices focused
on human development.”
the Rights intent on ensuring the imple-
mentation of the new law, created the
law, while also engaging international
actors such as UNICEF and the Inter-
Partnering with Abrinq
to Advance its Mission
At the same time, Synergos’ programs have
benefited greatly from our relationship with
of Brazil’s Abrinq Foundation for Children’s
Rights (Fundaçao Abrinq pelos Dire-
national Labour Organization in the
effort. It is also committed to promot-
Our partnership with Abrinq began in 2000.
“Organizations are constituted by people,
Abrinq. Wilheim is a Synergos Senior Fellow,
sharing Abrinq’s experience at engaging the

Children and itos da Criança e do Adolescente).


Abrinq has been in the forefront of the
ing and developing visible actions and
programs that can be disseminated and
reflecting their beliefs, values and commit-
ments. The Synergos Institute is a sympa-
public, government and the business sector
in addressing pressing social issues. One of

Adolescents cause of children’s rights ever since, us-


ing innovative approaches to improve
replicated throughout Brazil.
Abrinq is not just an organization.
thetic and respectful organization
committed to the improvement of the lives
Abrinq’s founders – Helio Mattar – addressed
these issues at University for a Night 2002
the lives of Brazil’s children. It’s a brand. Known throughout the of individuals living in countries where the (see page 19). And more generally, we are
Synergos and Abrinq share a com- country, the foundation has communi- poverty level is unsustainable,” says Ruben
mon mission – bridging social and eco- cated its message using advertising, Naves, Abrinq’s president. “It effectively ful- BRAZIL
nomic divides to overcome poverty and events, and the media – increasing fills its mission of promoting synergy be- Population:
increase equity. both its visibility and its impact. tween individuals who are willing to help 182 million
What makes Abrinq special? Its and those who need help. Synergos support Avg. Annual
A Unique Foundation, Income: $3,070
roots are in the private sector. Many is very important for Fundação Abrinq in
A Model Organization Population
board members are entrepreneurs, achieving its results.” under 14: 27.1%
From the outset, Abrinq was unique in which has allowed the foundation to Members of the Synergos Senior Fellows Population
Brazilian society. While the country capitalize on its superior connections program (see page 28) consulted with Abrinq below the
was only beginning to establish a formal within the business community. By us- in 2002 to help strengthen its operations. poverty line: 22%
Income
philanthropic infrastructure, Abrinq in- ing business management principles They included: Disparity:
augurated a new model – an independ- and contacts in the private sector, it ■ Achmat Dangor (South Africa), a spe- Sixth most un-
ent organization with the capability to has opened doors that would otherwise cialist in setting up funds, who ran a equal in income
distribution in the
mobilize resources for social justice. remain shut. Its programs are highly workshop on endowment building world
Abrinq aims to engage the broader effective and widely admired. Member- ■ David Smith (Jamaica), an independent
society in making children and adoles- ship is open not only to businesses but consultant on environmental manage-

12 13
working to share Abrinq’s innovative ap- the Guide to municipalities, also making it
proaches with foundations around the world. available on its website. Seminars for Child-

Child-Friendly Programs
Friendly Mayors were held in São Paulo,
Porto Alegre, Belém and Recife. Databanks
An Information Source
on Philanthropy,
That Make a Difference were also made available to help support
Abrinq’s “child-friendly” programs focus on municipal governments’ self-analyses and
both the private and public sectors.
Empresa Amiga da Criança (Child-Friendly
action plans.
The Presidente Amigo da Criança (Child-
Company) aims at engaging companies in social Friendly President) program was launched in
Social Investment
action with an emphasis on stopping child la- 2001 to obtain the commitment of presiden-
bor. By becoming a Child-Friendly Company, tial candidates to making the well-being of
and Bridging Divides
businesses earn the right to use a special “Child- children a priority on the national agenda.
Friendly Company” seal on their product pack- All four main presidential candidates pledged
aging. Currently, to do so. After the election, President-elect
there are 587 such Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva agreed to present,

s
businesses through- within six months of taking office, an action
out Brazil. These plan to achieve the goals set by the UN Spe-
companies have in- cial Session for Children’s “World of Chil-
vested $34.2 million dren” agreement. Abrinq used this program
ynergos is a major resource for knowledge on best practices in
in health, education, to launch a communications campaign to philanthropy and social investment around the world. A key
social and other raise public awareness about the rights and element of our work is collecting and synthesizing information
projects for children needs of children and adolescents. on the development and operation of foundations around the world, as
and adolescents. In 2002, Abrinq inaugurated the Prêmio
They also have do- Criança (Child Award), a program to identi-
well as on ways to bridge social and economic divides.
nated $1.3 million fy and replicate initiatives that protect Research is conducted in cooperation with our Senior Fellows and
toward funds for the Brazil’s children and adolescents. Competi- partners and results in learning materials designed to make a difference.
rights of children tion for the award was fierce – 293 organiza-
and adolescents. tions registered their programs, which had
The Preifeito to be in the areas of infant and expectant Synergos Website example is the upcoming resource book Feature stories from
Amigo da Criança mother health, family and community life, The Synergos website is a trove of infor- on Southeast Asian foundations entitled 2002 issues of Global
child education, and pre- mation, containing tools, articles, Financing Development in Southeast Giving Matters include:

“ [Synergos is] a mediator of relationships between


organizations of distant countries, bringing us
vention and combating
of domestic violence.
Sixteen finalists were
reports and bibliographies that can help
foundations strengthen their operational
capacities.
Asia, written with the support of the
Sasakawa Peace Foundation; portions
are being translated into Bahasa
“American India Foundation –
Long Distance Philanthropy
Brings Donors Closer to Home”
together through new skills and reflections.
—Ana Maria Wilheim, former Superintendent, Abrinq” chosen, from which four
received the award.
Abrinq is documenting
the winning initiatives so
The Global Philanthropy & Foundation
Building site (www.globalphilanthropy.info)
is the center for information- and experi-
ence-sharing among organizations. In
Indonesian and Thai.
In 2002, new publications included a
series of National Directories of Civil
Society Resource Organizations on
“John Michael Forgách – Giving
Globalization a Human Face”

“Philanthropy Across Generations


(Child-Friendly Mayor) program promotes gov- that they can be replicated. 2002, the site averaged 49,000 page Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand.
– Profile of the Flora Family
ernmental support for policies that protect Other Abrinq programs are in the areas of views a month. It contains: We also continued to distribute the
Foundation”
children and adolescents. In 2001, all Brazil’s reading, educational innovation, youth citizen- ■ A knowledge base of best-practice Foundation Building Sourcebook to
mayors received the Child-Friendly Mayor ship, and volunteerism. experiences from foundations groups around the world in English and “Supporting Innovation in
Guide, which proposes that mayors make chil- Abrinq’s 2002 Annual Report answers the around the world, accompanied by Portuguese; translation into Spanish is Afghanistan – The Experience
dren and adolescents a priority in their admin- question “What does being child-friendly supplementary research underway. of the Aga Khan Development
istrations. mean?” through the voices of children. One re- ■ A database of foundations operating Network”
The nation’s mayors responded, with 1,542 sponse came from an indigenous 15-year-old in Latin American and Southeast Global Giving Matters
“José Ignacio Avalos Hernández –
signing a pledge to follow the Child-Friendly boy, whose answer was “Cherohaih” – “love” in Asian countries. Global Giving Matters is our bimonthly online
Full-time Philanthropist with a
Mayor program. Each signatory received a copy his native Guarani language. newsletter (www.globalgivingmatters.org) Businessman’s Mind-Set”
of the Map of Childhood and Adolescence. This As Abrinq’s chairman and its president Also on the website is a members-only presenting best practices and innovations
tool helped municipalities evaluate their cur- suggest, “Love children and the world will be Senior Fellows Community Area, in international individual philanthropy
rent programs, determine government goals, a better place for everyone.” through which Fellows share the tools and social investment, produced in coop-
and draw up an action plan. Once a mayor re- Our partnership with Abrinq complements and other information they use in pro- eration with the World Economic Forum.
turns the map and action plan to Abrinq, he or our other efforts in Brazil, where we work viding services to foundations around The newsletter’s distribution is supported
she becomes part of the Child-Friendly Mayor with Instituto Rio, GIFE (the Group of Insti- the world. by Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors.
Network. When action plans are validated, the tutes, Foundations and Enterprises) and other We produce publications in English, Each issue features articles, the latest
city receives a “Child-Friendly Mayor” seal. partners to strengthen philanthropy and Spanish, Portuguese and, with the help news in global philanthropy, and useful
In 2002, Abrinq continued to distribute bridge divides. • of our partners, other languages. An resources and links.

14 15
US-Mexico Border: SYNERGOS
Community Foundations
 Expanding local foundation grantmaking that the area’s social, economic and environ-
through permanently endowed funds mental challenges be adequately met. PARTNERS IN
 Providing a voice for local disenfran- “This is a historic event,” says Enrique THE US-MEXICO
BORDER
as Change Agents
chised citizens and communities. Suarez of Fundación Comunitaria de la
A program needed to be designed that Frontera Norte, a Mexican border communi- PHILANTHROPY
would not only cover the needs of all of these ty foundation. “Two very different countries INITIATIVE
community foundations, but also would be come together to address common critical FOUNDING
FOUNDATIONS
convincing and interesting to potential donors. needs through a philanthropic network.”
A creative way to make this happen was The Partnership’s main objectives are to: Annie E. Casey Foundation
through a partnership between national and  Build and strengthen the organizational Ford Foundation (US and Mexico)
regional donors and community foundations leadership, programs and institutional re- Fundación Gonzalo Río-Arronte
that would benefit both groups. Such an ini- sources of border community foundations William and Flora Hewlett
tiative was an opportunity not only to ad- – rooting development efforts in local par- Foundation
dress sustainable community development, ticipation and building local social capital Houston Endowment
but also to initiate bi-national learning, re-  Encourage cross-border collaboration that Inter-American Foundation
sulting in an increase in funding to the re- will result in an improved quality of life. McCune Charitable Foundation
gion and bringing tangible benefits to border It sets out strategies to assist border commu- Meadows Foundation
families and communities. nity foundations – capacity building, bi-annual Charles Stewart Mott
“Learning Communities” to share best prac- Foundation

T
BUILDING THE PARTNERSHIP FOR tices; inter-foundation exchanges; bridge COMMUNITY
LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT ALONG building between diverse community seg- FOUNDATIONS/MEXICO
THE BORDER ments and between the foundations and mem- Fundación Comunitaria de la
Frontera Norte
he border between the United States border philanthropy. She subsequently set In 2001, Synergos and the Ford Foundation, bers of other societal sectors; and technical
Fundación Comunitaria de
and Mexico spans 2,000 miles, touch- aside $3 million toward the creation of the along with the Texas-based Meadows Foun- assistance in fundraising and grantmaking. Matamoros
ing four US and six Mexican states. eventual US-Mexico Border Philanthropy dation, convened a group of potential fun- More information is available online at
Fundación Comunitaria de Tecate
The area is fraught with social and Partnership. ders to launch the process for creating a www.borderpartnership.org.
Fundación del Empresariado
economic challenges. Following up on this commitment, in 2001 cross-border philanthropic initiative. Funders have provided close to $2 million Chihuahuense-Juárez
The region’s population is growing rapidly the Ford Foundation asked Synergos to con- From this, the US-Mexico Border Philan- for a pooled fund, managed by Synergos, to Fundación del Empresariado
– from nearly 10 million people today to an duct a feasibility study. We interviewed lead- thropy Partnership, a collaboration of 9 be used for capacity building technical assis- Chihuahuense-Ojinaga
estimated 20 million by the year 2020. Com- ers on both sides of the border, as well as founding international, national and regional tance, communications, partnership man- Fundación del Empresariado
munities on both sides of the border are potential donors. The study investigated ex- foundations and 21 border community foun- agement, and liaising with current and Sonorense
struggling with inadequate social services isting foundations on both sides of the bor- dations, was established. The Partnership is future funders. And they have committed up Fundación Internacional de la
and infrastructure, low wages, and high un- der and whether they could be strengthened bound by its members’ common concern to $10 million in unpooled funds that will go Comunidad (FIC)
employment. Rapid, unplanned growth is to play a larger role in improving the quality COMMUNITY
FOUNDATIONS/UNITED STATES
causing environmental crises – with water of life in border communities. It also as-
shortages and air and water pollution. sessed donor interest in the community Arizona Community Foundation
(ACF)
Mexican border cities are increasingly un- foundation concept for sustainable commu-
Border Women’s Development
able to fulfill expanding demands for basic nity development. In addition, we looked at Fund
health, housing and public services. US bor- funder collaboratives established elsewhere Brownsville Community
der counties have some of the worst poverty to draw lessons on how to best shape a gov- Foundation
(Top to bottom) rates in the nation. At the same time, the ernance system.
The border at Cochise Community
Tijuana-San Diego; massive flow of migrants from Mexico cross- Synergos found 14 US and 7 Mexican com- Foundation/ACF
border residents ing the border under dangerous conditions munity foundations operating along the bor- Community Foundation for
using community has resulted in human rights abuses. der. Despite their diversity and varying levels Southern Arizona (CFSA)
foundation funds to
create low-income In the past, foundations have supported isolat- of development, all were playing or had the El Paso Community Foundation
housing in New ed actions on the border. The US-Mexico Border potential to play critical roles in their com- International Community
Mexico; a visioning Philanthropy Partnership focuses on long-term munities, including: Foundation
exercise at the first
solutions and community development.  Acting as community-based grantmakers, Mascareñas Foundation
Learning
Community matching resources with local needs New Mexico Community
meeting. US-MEXICO BORDER Foundation
SYNERGOS FACILITATES THE  Strengthening the capacity of nonprofit
LAUNCHING OF A MAJOR NEW organizations and community groups Population: Nearly 10 million people on both sides of the income is generally more uniformly distributed than in San Diego Foundation
border Mexico as a whole Santa Cruz Community
INITIATIVE serving the local communities
US border poverty and economics: 23% of population Mexican border services: Border communities have less Foundation/CFSA
In 1995, at a joint meeting of the Council on  Bringing together representatives of the
below poverty line; 21 of the 48 counties on the US bor- access to basic water and sanitation services than the rest Tejas Foundation
Foundations and the Mexican Center for public, private and nonprofit sectors in der are designated as economically distressed, with unem- of Mexico due to rapid industrialization
Philanthropy, Susan Berresford, President of action partnerships ployment rates 250-300% higher than in the rest of the US Illegal border crossings: In 2000, there were 1.6 million Texas Valley Communities
Mexican border poverty and population economics: arrests and some 400 deaths of immigrants trying to cross Foundation
the Ford Foundation, announced her interest  Connecting local efforts to national and
Poverty rates are below the Mexican national average; the border Yuma Community
in creating a $10 million fund to promote international networks Foundation/ACF
16 17
The Senior Fellows program contributes rate-community engagement, program Fely Rixhon
to emerging foundations through four design, and strategic planning. Consuelo Foundation

Senior Fellows: interconnected strategies – global net-


working, capacity building services, lead- Leadership Skill Development
PHILIPPINES
Oscar Rojas

Catalysts ership skill development, and knowledge


creation and dissemination.

Global Networking
Fellows sharpen their technical and lead-
ership skills by setting a personal learning
agenda that guides their participation in
the program. We ensure that capacity
Fundación AlvarAlice
COLOMBIA
Lorenzo Rosenzweig

for Change
Mexican Fund for Conservation
Synergos has established an active global building assignments are opportunities
MEXICO
network to enable these foundation lead- for Fellows not only to teach others, but
ers to exchange expertise and experience, also to expand their networks and Benjamas Siripat
form inter-institutional linkages, and acquire additional skills. Local Development Foundation
THAILAND
obtain state-of-the-art information on
best practices. Through this process, we Knowledge Production and David Smith
are creating a reliable support, exchange Dissemination Environmental Foundation of

t and mutual aid system that allows foun- Each Senior Fellow writes at least one Jamaica

“ We learned a
lot in establishing
Esquel in 1990.
he Senior Fellows program, begun in 1999, is a
cornerstone of our efforts to strengthen local
foundations in developing countries. The program
dation leaders to draw upon peer assis-
tance over the long term. Networking
activities include global meetings, country
gatherings, cross-national affinity groups,
major issue paper in his or her field of
expertise. All papers, presentations, mod-
els, tools and studies created by Fellows
are collected, organized and disseminat-
JAMAICA
Ingrid Srinath
Child Relief and You
INDIA
identifies talented foundation leaders from vanguard and online exchanges. ed. Knowledge products explore practi- Shannon St. John
And we've
philanthropic institutions worldwide and links them in cal, theoretical and conceptual topics. Triangle Community Foundation
continued to learn a global learning network. Capacity Building Service Delivery Distribution is made to the Fellows’ insti- UNITED STATES
Senior Fellows provide expert advice to tutions and approximately 500 founda-
as we've built Julio Tan*
Fellows serve as peer consultants to history of achievement and high potential foundations that request assistance tions worldwide in print, CD and elec-
Foundation for the Philippine
programs that other foundations around the world. for making a significant contribution in through intensive workshops and semi- tronic formats. Environment
address critical Their work produces knowledge on their home countries. The 35 foundation nars or through consultancies. Each The Senior Fellows program has suc- PHILIPPINES
trends, models and innovations, which leaders participating as Senior Fellows in Fellow commits to at least one capacity cessfully forged a vital peer network of
social and Synergos distributes to a wide audience. 2002 come from 19 countries. Fellows building assignment, and many complete practitioners who can draw upon one
Maria Aurora Francisco-
Tolentino
economic issues serve for three years, while simultaneously more. Topics include board development, another as a reservoir of ideas, innova-
Asia Pacific Philanthropy
in Ecuador. Now
Who Are the Senior Fellows? performing their ongoing professional endowment building, evaluation, corpo- tions and support for years to come. • Consortium
Fellows are leaders from some of the responsibilities. PHILIPPINES
I'm sharing that world’s most successful and innovative Senior Fellows are uniquely qualified Carlos Fumo* Marcos Kisil Katharine Miszewski
development foundations and philan- to meet the critical challenges facing Foundation for Community Institute for the Development Old Mutual Foundation Bernardo Toro*
hard-earned thropic support organizations. They philanthropic institutions because they:
Development of Social Investment SOUTH AFRICA Social Foundation
MOZAMBIQUE BRAZIL COLOMBIA
knowledge with come to the program with a record of ■ Lead exemplary institutions Inviolatta Moyo
accomplishment, solid technical skills, ■ Are leaders within the broader founda-
Darren Godwell Sándor Köles The Community Foundation for the Sukich Utindu
groups around and reputations for originality and tion sector of their society
Lumbu Indigenous Community Carpathian Foundation Western Region of Zimbabwe Raks Thai Foundation
Foundation SLOVAKIA ZIMBABWE
the world that are effectiveness. ■ Are innovators who forge new models THAILAND
AUSTRALIA
Len le Roux Monica Mutuku
Most Fellows are in mid-career with a that can be replicated. Javier Vargas
strengthening civil Eugenio Gonzales* Rössing Foundation Kenya Community
Vamos Foundation
Foundation for Sustainable NAMIBIA Development Foundation
society capacity Senior Fellows Society KENYA MEXICO
PHILIPPINES Sandra Libunao*
in their own Olabisi Adeleye-Fayemi Marissa Socorro Camacho-Reyes Boris Cornejo Elkanah Odembo Ana Maria Wilheim*
Philippine Business for Social
African Women’s Philippine Center for Population Esquel Foundation Ismid Hadad Progress Center for Philanthropy and Abrinq Foundation for
countries. That's Development Fund & Development ECUADOR KEHATI, the Indonesian PHILIPPINES Social Responsibility Children’s Rights
GHANA PHILIPPINES Biodiversity Foundation KENYA


a great thing! Adriana Cortes BRAZIL
INDONESIA Joyce Malombe
Jaime Bolaños Emmett Carson Bajío Community Foundation Ford Foundation Jesús Ortega Iftekhar Zaman
— Boris Cornejo Oaxaca Community The Minneapolis Foundation MEXICO Etha Henry KENYA Fundación del Empresariado
Chihuahuense, A.C. Bangladesh Freedom
Vice President, Foundation UNITED STATES Achmat Dangor* Community Foundation of
Greater New Haven Antonio Carlos Martinelli* MEXICO Foundation
Esquel Foundation MEXICO Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund BANGLADESH
Guillermo Carvajalino UNITED STATES C & A Foundation
Business Foundation for SOUTH AFRICA BRAZIL Monica Patten
David Bonbright Claudia Jeunon Community Foundations of
Education Anne Emmett*
Aga Khan Foundation Instituto Rio Community Juraj Mesik Canada *These Fellows were
COLOMBIA Equal Opportunity Foundation World Bank CANADA
UNITED KINGDOM Foundation associated with the foundation
Nelson Colón SOUTH AFRICA BRAZIL SLOVAKIA
Rebecca Raposo listed at the time of their
Roberto Calingo Puerto Rico Community Lygia Fontanella Group of Institutes, Foundations Fellowship and have now
Tatyana Kipchatova Joy Mills-Hackmann
Mirant Foundation-Philippines Foundation CARE Foundation Eurasia Foundation South African Sugar Association and Enterprises moved on to careers as private
PHILIPPINES UNITED STATES BRAZIL RUSSIA SOUTH AFRICA BRAZIL consultants or in academia.
18 19
t HE SYNERGOS INSTITUTE is an independent nonprofit organization
dedicated to the development of effective, sustainable and locally-
based solutions to poverty.
Synergos is a force for reducing poverty in the developing world. We
believe that poverty is the result of a complicated array of causes and
conditions and cannot be remedied without the commitment of all key
sectors of society—government, business, nonprofit organizations, and
other major stakeholders.
Our staff of 35, headquartered in New York and onsite in Asia, Latin
America and Southern Africa, work with Synergos partners to mobilize
RUSSIA resources and bridge social and economic divides to reduce poverty and
increase equity.
CANADA Our programs:
UNITED KINGDOM SLOVAKIA ■ Build and strengthen community foundations in Africa, Asia and Latin
BELGIUM
America, fostering a local culture of philanthropy
PORTUGAL ■ Bring leading philanthropic families together to deepen the impact of
SPAIN their social investments
■ Broker partnerships among philanthropists, government, business and
UNITED STATES
citizens, increasing the flow of resources to impoverished communities
CYPRUS around the world.
MOROCCO
MEXICO

INDIA
BANGLADESH
JAMAICA
PUERTO RICO PHILIPPINES

COLOMBIA
GHANA THAILAND

KENYA

ECUADOR

INDONESIA
TANZANIA

BRAZIL MALAWI
ANGOLA
ZAMBIA MOZAMBIQUE
Senior Fellows & Alumni ZIMBABWE
NAMIBIA
Global Philanthropists BOTSWANA
Circle Families AUSTRALIA
SWAZILAND
Board Members LESOTHO
ARGENTINA
SOUTH AFRICA
Partners

Key Program Countries

Regional Programs

Synergos Offices Our Networks, Partners and Programs


20 21
t he aftermath of the Asian fi-
nancial crisis in the late
1990s strained the resources
of Southeast Asia, increasing
unemployment, adversely af-
fecting vulnerable populations, and further
endangering the environment.
Although poverty rates have tapered off slight-
ly, the residual effects of that period remain.
Poverty is still endemic, especially in Indonesia
and the Philippines where the disparities be-
tween rich and poor continue to grow.
At the same time, political change has
brought about new opportunities. Three di-
verse countries – Thailand, the Philippines and
Indonesia – are giving more power to their citi-
zens through decentralized governments.
In this climate, local foundations have
emerged as especially useful vehicles for fos-
tering collaboration among civil society, local
government and business that address devel-
opment challenges. Synergos is promoting
and supporting foundations – which can mo-
bilize resources and channel funding and
technical support to service deliverers – as
critical institutions in combating poverty in
Southeast Asia.

Synergos in Southeast Asia


Synergos has been facilitating the community
foundation movement in Southeast Asia by
bringing together local institutions, leaders
and resources since 1997. Work includes pro-
ducing directories of foundations in each
country, providing foundation capacity build-
ing services through Senior Fellow consultan-
cies, organizing workshops on foundation
resource mobilization, and linking founda-
tions to funding and information sources.
SOUTHEAST ASIA:
We began work in Southeast Asia by map-
ping the foundation sector in each country.
Research identified the key actors, the
amount and sources of funds being mobi-
Foundations Working to Solve
lized, and the types of programs being sup-
ported. Findings were discussed in country
and regional workshops to identify opportu-

22
Local and National Problems 23
nities for capacity building and exchanges of pines – the Association of Foundations (AF) brought decentralization and more power to from the organizational represen-
information. – is the largest federation of foundations and local governments. This political change has tatives she met there. “Citizen
This work produced the first set of directo- NGOs in the nation. Started in the 1970s, provided fertile ground for community- participation is an indispensable
ries of foundations in Indonesia, the Philip- AF had more than 100 members f rom based foundations. factor for development,” she says.
pines and Thailand, with around the country by 2002. Prior to the Asian financial crisis, Thai- “By comparing the work of or-
country overviews and analy- Synergos’ involvement in the Philippines is land had one of the best economies in the ganizations in Asia with ours in
ses, as well as information on two-fold: developing world, but today the country is Mexico, it helps me visualize new
individual foundations.  To assist in the development of skills struggling with recession, uneven develop- paths that could be applied here
In addition, we have as- and capacities of emerging and exist- ment and high unemployment. [in Mexico].”
sembled case studies and ing community foundation leaders and In this predominantly Buddhist country, Thai attendees shared Cortes’s
analytical essays examining support organizations. Thais have a history of giving mostly to local enthusiasm about the interaction.
approaches for building fi-  To support AF in its efforts to temples. The national government has de- “Starting with Adriana’s workshop
nancial sustainability among strengthen its capacity as a national voted its resources to providing develop- here in Bangkok,” says Khun Su-
leading Southeast Asian membership network promoting and ment opportunities to local communities kich Utindu, Director of Resource Senior Fellow Adriana Cortes of Mexico
foundations. This collection supporting community foundations through a program that provides one million Development for CARE Thai- with partners from Thailand.
has been compiled into a throughout the country.
book, Financing Development
in Southeast Asia: Opportuni-
ties for Collaboration and Sus-
tainability. Synergos will be
Synergos and AF have been working on a
joint community foundation initiative, which
began with a feasibility study to assess the
possibilities of increased foundation devel-
“ By comparing the work of organizations in Asia with ours in Mexico,
it helps me visualize new paths that could be applied here (in Mexico).
—Adriana Cortes, Synergos Senior Fellow, Founder/President, Bajío Community Foundation

using this volume as the ba- opment in the Philippines. baht (about $23,000) to 70,000 localities. A land-Raks Thai Foundation. “Thai communi-
sis for holding dialogues on The study examined Philippine organiza- key need has been to strengthen the effec- ty leaders have been inspired this year to
the subject in all three tions with features similar to existing com- tiveness of the delivery of these funds to think about bridging leadership through the
countries, thus drawing munity foundations in other countries. The those who need them. One creative solution vehicle of community foundations. Now, the
upon local knowledge and results form the basis of a capacity building is community foundations. momentum of this concept is speeding up
experience in strengthening agenda for a growing number of emerging In Thailand, Synergos focuses on working and forming into an exciting national agen-
foundations in the region. community foundations and support organi- with local groups to build community foun- da.” Utindu is now a Synergos Senior Fellow,
zations for these foundations. “The Synergos dations. Senior Fellow Adriana Cortes, sharing the Raks Thai Foundation’s experi-
The Philippines: Institute is a significant partner in support- founder and General Director of the Bajío ence with interested groups in Southeast Asia
Building the Capacity ing the Association of Foundation’s thrust in Community Foundation, presented a work- and around the world.
of Community building and assisting community founda- shop drawing from her personal experiences
Foundations tions in the Philippines,” explains Oman Q. starting and operating a community founda- Indonesia: Protecting Biodiversity,
In the 1980s, the Philip- Jiao, AF’s Executive Director. tion in Irapuato, Mexico. In attendance were Creating Jobs
pines emerged from an era An example is Pondong Batangan, man- 100 representatives of community organiza- Indonesia is the largest Muslim, and fourth
of martial law into a more democratic peri- aged by the Catholic Archdiocese of Lipa. tions who explored opportunities for build- most populated, country in the world. The
od. Foundations and NGOs grew, developing This foundation takes small donations from ing similar organizations in Thailand. Asian financial crisis hit the country hard,
a strong niche and helping the country navi- local residents to help others. Simply, people Cortes not only provided technical assis- with the number of Indonesians living below
gate important political transitions. donate centavos every day until they fill a tance, but also heard new and different per- the poverty line increasing from 17 to 25 per-
Although the country offers hope and op- tibyo (empty soda can doubling as a coin spectives about foundation management cent. The country continues to struggle with
portunity, an enormous amount of poverty bank). The archdiocese has collected about deeply entrenched poverty, problems with
still exists. Declining economic opportunities 13 million pesos (approximately $250,000), government service delivery, and the chal-
and cutbacks in public social spending have helping thousands of poor Batanguenos to lenges of forging a new democracy.
exacerbated the situation for poor Filipinos. start businesses through a no-interest micro- After the fall of the Suharto regime, civil
In 2001, 40 percent of Filipinos lived below lending program. society flourished. The number of organiza-
the poverty line. The disparity between rich Synergos staff connected Pondong Batan- tions multiplied, supported by the influx of
and poor persists and grows. gan with AF so it could participate in the external aid and funding. Yet nongovern-
While there is a strong foundation sector initiative and receive capacity building assis- mental organizations that provide capacity
at the national level, similar organizations at tance as needed. building for fledgling foundations were
PHILIPPINES the community level still need assistance – scarce; Synergos helped fill the gap.
Population: 84.6 million particularly given recent reductions in exter- Thailand One of the most critical issues facing In-
Avg. annual income: $1,030 nal funding – in areas such as education, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian nation donesia is its environment. The country is THAILAND
Unemployment rate: 10.2%/2002 health and the environment. If the country that has never been under colonial rule. Over home to one of the world’s richest areas of Population: 62.3 million
Population below the is going to maintain recent socioeconomic the years it has had many constitutions. But biodiversity, and the destruction of natural Avg. annual income: $1,940
poverty line: 40%/2001 est. advances, these community foundations it was not until 1998 that a political opening resources is a growing threat to communities’ Independence: Only Southeast
Religion: Mostly Roman Catholic Asian country never ruled by a
must be nurtured so they can continue to occurred – a people’s constitution – that im- livelihoods. In the 1990s, a national grant- European nation
(83%), with Protestant (9%) and
Muslim (5%) minorities
support local development. pelled the nation’s advancement toward making foundation was created – KEHATI, Religion: Primarily Buddhist (95%)
One of Synergos’ partners in the Philip- democracy. New government policies have the Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation

24 25
“ Starting
with Adriana’s
workshop here
Leadership
in Bangkok,
Thai community that Bridges
leaders have
been inspired Divides Connecting Diverse
Interests for Common Good

c
this year to
think about
bridging our ollaboration among individuals and tive individual and community responses

leadership groups with disparate interests is an to the differences. Then they were asked
essential element for solving the world’s to apply this analysis to themselves and
through the problems. However, these collaborations do not their communities.
“When they analyzed their leadership
vehicle of always arise naturally. What makes them capital – their capacity to bring people
community achievable? Synergos has researched whether together – in relation to the divide,” says
foundations. those with diverse concerns – economic, social, Garilao, “they were empowered. Few real-
ized the potential of their bridging capital.”
Now, the (Yayasan Keanekaragaman Hayati Indonesia) terprise development through small loans.
cultural, religious and political – can bridge The course used the case studies
momentum of – to support conservation, sustainable use, KEHATI has since produced a manual on their differences and work together. developed by Synergos and the interna-
and equitable sharing of the benefits of In- microenterprise development, detailing roles, tional group it had convened as illustra-
this concept is donesia’s biodiversity. perspectives, funding, and stages of sustain- We convened, organized and coordinated a global tions, providing participants with the keys to the process
speeding up and In 2002, Synergos supported KEHATI to able enterprise development using natural re- task force of representatives from leading universities, of convening – bringing sectors together.
increase its program development capacity sources (tuber roots, dried rattan for foundations and NGOs in Asia, Africa, Latin America and The final segment of the training had participants iden-
forming into an through a learning exchange. Three KEHATI furniture, fish ponds and medicinal herbs). the United States to explore this question. The group tify a community divide they wanted to address and
exciting national grantmaking and program staff traveled to the “The learning exchange helped KEHATI has researched and written case studies of leaders who develop a six-month plan to accomplish their goals. After


Philippines to study enterprise development understand not only more about the need to have successfully spanned diverse interests and per- six months, the group will meet to evaluate its progress.
agenda. and public-private partnerships. bring more of a business perspective into the spectives. It has used these best practices to create and
— Khun Sukich Utindu Prior to the trip, Synergos prepared the foundation,” says Anida Haryatmo, KE- test a model curriculum that teaches the skills needed Training that Empowers Leadership Moments
Director of Resource staff for the experience, identifying what they HATI’s Program Director, “but also the im- for successful collaboration. Individuals who took the AIM course left with a new-
Development, CARE needed and wanted to learn when they got to portance of working with other key partners found understanding of the principles and skills needed
the Philippines. Once they arrived, they were to achieve positive results. We hope that Bringing Bridging Leadership to the Philippines to be a leader. Marissa Socorro Camacho-Reyes,
Thailand-Raks Thai
accompanied by Eugene Gonzales, a Filipino contacts we made with the institutions and Synergos and one of our partner organizations in the President of the Philippine Center for Population and
Foundation Senior Fellow with expertise in microenter- Eugene Gonzales in the Philippines will con- Philippines, the Asian Institute for Management (AIM), Development and a Synergos Senior Fellow, found the
prise development. Gonzales was able to en- tinue to benefit KEHATI and its partners.” have developed training methods and materials to help course approach stimulating.
rich their learning The contacts did continue. Later in the diverse stakeholders enter partnerships that bridge soci- “There were participants from various groups,” she
by prompting the year, Gonzales visited Indonesia for a fol- etal divides. says, “making the learning more reality-based by bring-
right kind of dia- low-up exchange. Synergos also helped KE- AIM has held three bridging leadership training cours- ing to the discussion conflicting interests, agendas and
logue and ensuring HATI with other forms of fundraising – es, the last one of which took place in the Mindanao points of view. The exercises mirrored real life situations,
that KEHATI Senior Fellow Marissa Socorro Camacho- region of the Philippines, the site of years of armed con- which enabled us to analyze why certain efforts fail and
staff was exposed Reyes, also from the Philippines, made a flict between the Muslim minority and Catholic majority. others succeed.”
to relevant experi- presentation to KEHATI senior staff on Directed by AIM professor Ernesto Garilao, former For her, the most important revelation was that
ences. raising monies in the capital market. Philippine Secretary of the Department of Agrarian “…there are leadership moments in a person’s life where
Exchanges in- These efforts are just the beginning. Reform, the course was a rare gathering of the military, one is able to make a difference. I learned how to make
cluded visits to Synergos will continue to enhance local the Muslim separatist group Moro National Liberation these leadership moments happen more often and have
operating proj- foundations’ capacity to solve development Front (MNLF), religious leaders (Christian and Muslim), more impact.” Another important thing Reyes learned
ects, talks f rom problems through research, learning ex- local officials, and representatives from NGOs and com- was that what is best for the community is not neces-
exper ts in mi- changes, and foundation capacity building munity-based organizations. sarily what each stakeholder thinks is best. “The best
INDONESIA croenterprise net- in the years ahead. And we are working to Initial sessions helped participants understand the solution is probably less than ideal from the perspective
Population: 234.9 million Avg. annual income: $690 work building, share best practices developed by KE- bridging leadership concept by asking them to look at of each stakeholder,” she explains, “but is the common
Geography: The world’s largest archipelago and a meeting HATI and other foundations in the region their own networks, their “relationship capital.” Students ground that will help them move forward.”
Religion: Largest Muslim country in the world (88% of population) with a bank sup- with foundations and philanthropists learned about the theoretical framework of divides, as well This training model is being used by other partners in
porting microen- around the world. • as how to identify diverse interests and develop collabora- Southeast Asia, Latin America and Southern Africa. •
26 27
Global Philanthropists Circle:
Members Share Diverse Experiences on Southern African Trips

a t a dinner one night in Cape


Town, the room was packed
with a cross section of the
foremost figures from the anti-apartheid struggle, current
government and business leaders of South Africa, and visit-

30
ing members of the Global Philanthropists Circle (GPC).
Another day, Circle members stood in a field on the coun-
try's remote Eastern Cape where community women grow
vegetables for sale at the local market. Members learned
firsthand about the strength of one organization and its piv-
otal role in improving the well-being of the residents.
These are just two examples of the diverse experiences
shared by GPC members on trips to Southern Africa in
2002 and 2003. Both visited South Africa; the 2002 trip also
stopped in Mozambique.
The GPC offers its members – engaged philanthropists
from 14 countries – a chance to exchange ideas with peers,
learn about successful philanthropic initiatives and strate-
gies, and collaborate in groundbreaking efforts to eradicate
poverty around the world. The annual trips also offer a spe-

31

t a dinner one night in Cape Town, the The GPC offers its members – engaged message both years was the importance of ginalized during apartheid can participate in
I have not room was packed with a cross section of the philanthropists from 14 countries – a chance leadership and the power of reconciliation. the marketplace and how the nation can
gone a week foremost figures from the anti-apartheid to exchange ideas with peers, learn about Although South Africa’s history of colonial- fight the AIDS epidemic, which is a grow-
struggle, current government and business successful philanthropic initiatives and ism and apartheid could have left it perma- ing and ominous threat.
without leaders of South Africa, and visiting mem- strategies, and collaborate in groundbreak- nently scarred, it has instead become a The group attended a dinner hosted by
remembering ing efforts to eradicate poverty around the thriving democracy and the economic en- Circle members Tokyo and Judy Sexwale. A
the children world. The annual trips also offer a special gine of the region. corporate leader, Mr. Sexwale spent 13 years
opportunity for members and their families Both visits explored South Africa’s
and women of to benefit from meaningful dialogue and tremendous potential and helped partici-
the village in interaction with Synergos’ international pants appreciate the nonprofit, private
network of development institutions, gov- and public sectors’ collaboration – work-
Mozambique ernment, academic and business leaders ing together to address the country’s many Left: Njabulo
Ndebele of the
and the and key social actors – dialogue and inter- challenges. Circle members experienced University of Cape
leaders that action that enhances attendees’ philanthro- the dynamism of many South Africans and Town and GPC
member Vincent
py once they return home. their commitment to their country’s ad-
are supporting vancement. The group also discovered
Mai. Below:
Discussion at the
their efforts.
” how they could apply what they learned to Perinatal Unit of
the Chris Hani
—Ian Simmons Baragwanath
GPC Member Hospital in
Soweto.

imprisoned on Robben
Island during apartheid.
More than 300 business,
NGO and political lead-
ers and heroes from the
anti-apartheid move-
ment attended the
event. What made the
evening even more spe-
cial was that attendees
(Clockwise, from
had the opportunity to
above) Synergos hear Mandela and David
board member Rockefeller speak about
Juliette Gimon
during a visit
their lives and visions of
organized by the South Africa: philanthropy. Their in-
Nelson Mandela Overcoming Adversity teraction, facilitated by
Children’s Fund to a
Through Leadership, Rockefeller’s daughter


program addressing
the effects of Reconciliation and a and Synergos Chair Peg- The trip set my head and
HIV/AIDS; Nelson Common Vision gy Dulany, offered in-
Mandela; visit to a
The Circle’s first trip to sight on their
heart spinning, trying to
community support
program outside South Africa explored a experiences, providing understand the power of
Cape Town; wide range of themes – inspiration to those who
Synergos board
bers of the Global Philanthropists Circle partnership and progress, rural community their own philanthropy. will take South Africa
forgiveness in the face of
members Lucia
Moreira-Salles, (GPC). development, youth and communities, fos- In small meetings, trip participants met into the future. incalculable suffering. We saw
Tokyo Sexwale and Another day, Circle members stood in a tering leadership, and eco-tourism. The sec- with former President Nelson Mandela; Circle member Ian how a prison [Robben Island]
Kim Samuel
field on the country's remote Eastern Cape ond visit expanded the knowledge and Frene Ginwala, Speaker of the Parliament Simmons, a leading
fundraiser, donor and had become a workshop in
Johnson; David
Rockefeller and where community women grow vegetables connections made on the previous visit and (one of the world’s few female parliament
Ahmed Kathrada. for sale at the local market. Members focused on the issue of HIV/AIDS. Both speakers); Minister of Finance Trevor founding director of Re- which courage and


learned firsthand about the strength of one trips were attended by some 30 philanthro- Manuel; and Ahmed Kathrada, who spent 26 source Generation, was
organization and its pivotal role in improving pists from around the world – each with dif- years in Robben Island Prison and is now especiall y moved by
compassion were fashioned.
the well-being of the residents. ferent perspectives and at different stages in Chairman of the Robben Island Museum Mandela’s humility and — Ambassador Swanee Hunt, Circle Member
These are just two examples of the diverse their philanthropy – united by a desire to Council. commitment to sharing
experiences shared by GPC members on learn more and see firsthand how local ac- During their meeting with Tre vor his knowledge with South Africa’s next gen-
trips to Southern Africa in 2002 and 2003. tors are working to solve critical problems. Manuel, participants had the opportunity to eration. “As fantastic as it was to meet Nel-
Both visited South Africa; the 2002 trip also While the two trips reflected diverse as- discuss South Africa’s major issues – how to son Mandela, he himself would not want to
stopped in Mozambique. pects of this dynamic country, the overriding structure the economy so that those mar- be the highlight of a…trip to South Africa,”

32 33
in South Africa, members of dren go to school with clean clothes,” she says.
the group saw the effects of “When they leave, Amelia takes in other chil-
AIDS, which has infected dren so their parents can work.”
GLOBAL PHILANTHROPISTS CIRCLE:
one out of every four citi- Dulany’s observations sum up the feelings Enhancing Philanthropy of
zens. They encountered the of many who were on both trips. “While
epidemic’s reality in the South Africa continues to face challenges – Donors and Their Families
faces and arms of children, inclusion of those who have been socially

t
a s we l l a s w i t h af f l i c te d marginalized and AIDS – my feelings of he Global Philanthropists Circle (GPC) offers an opportunity for
adults and those trying to helplessness were outweighed by the hope individuals and families interested in addressing issues of poverty
deal with the disease’s con- and power of the people we saw and other around the world to strengthen their philanthropy.
sequences. actors who are working on the ground.” The Circle provides a comfortable environment in which members
“Somehow, when you hear exchange ideas with other committed philanthropists. They learn
the statistics of AIDS preva- Mozambique: about successful initiatives; meet a cross section of leaders from
lence, it doesn’t sink in,” says Visions of Progress government, business and civil society; collaborate in groundbreaking
international initiatives; and invest in efforts to reduce poverty and increase
Dulany. “It is seeing, touch- In Mozambique, Circle members saw first-
equity around the world. The Circle has 45 member families from 14 countries.
ing the children whose lives hand the impressive growth that the country
have been affected — by hav- has experienced in the past five years. Graça OPPORTUNITIES FOR PEER INTERACTION
ing it themselves, by losing Machel, children’s rights advocate and founder The Circle enhances the effectiveness of its members’ philanthropic efforts
their parents to it, or by hav- of the Foundation for Community Develop- through country visits, meetings and retreats, private dinner discussions, and
ing been abused by desperate ment – a Synergos partner and the nation’s ma- individualized support from Synergos staff.
men seeking protection or jor grantmaking foundation – hosted the visit Country Visits provide members with first-hand knowledge of countries and
cure from the dread disease – (see story on page 4). development issues that would be difficult for them to obtain on their own.


that the meaning reaches you As in South Africa, participants met with
While South Africa continues to face challenges – like a two-by-four striking business and government leaders, notably
Meetings and Retreats allow members to learn, interact and solve problems
together. Each event has an overall theme; selected experts and practitioners
inclusion of those who have been socially marginalized your head.” President Joaquim Chissano, and later split are often invited to share their special knowledge. Small group sessions
and HIV/AIDS – my feelings of helplessness were out- Circle members visited up into small groups for site visits to local enable participants to learn about each other’s philanthropic projects and
Amelia’s Home. From the programs. discuss common interests and strategies.
weighed by the hope and power of the people we saw outside, the small house in a In the capital city of Maputo, one group Private Dinners, hosted by member families, address selected themes in
and other actors who are working on the ground.
— Peggy Dulany, Founder and Chair, The Synergos Institute
” poor township of Cape Town
looked only big enough for a
family of four. However,
when the group entered the
viewed an attempt to create some normalcy
for those affected by AIDS – an art class of
dozens of young children. The teacher was
Mozambican artist Naguib, who was showing
philanthropy for groups of 15-25 people. These gatherings give members
and prospective members an opportunity to interact with other international
philanthropists in an intimate setting, discussing issues around the dinner
table or one-on-one.
Above: President says Simmons. “He would have preferred house, they found more than 60 children his students how to draw pictures in the sand,
Joaquim Chissano what happened – our meeting and becoming who were being cared for by a woman whose using bits of pebbles and straw for definition. SERVICES THAT STRENGTHEN PHILANTHROPY
of Mozambique
with Synergos'
inspired by the next generation of unsung heart was big enough for them all. Ian Simmons recalls a trip to a village far Members also benefit from individualized services designed to enhance their
Chair Peggy Dulany. heroes of South Africa.” It was a moment Circle member Anne Mai, a from Maputo where participants were warm- philanthropic efforts. Our staff helps members identify personal philanthropic
Below: Cherie Nursalim, Executive Director of board member of Project DOCC (Delivery of l y welcomed with song and food by a interests and organizational goals and can create a philanthropic plan that meets
A community each member’s special needs. Staff sets up trips and meetings for members who
sewing project in
Indonesia’s Gajah Tunggal Group and a GPC Chronic Care) and Fountain House, has not women’s cooperative recently started in the
Cape Town. member, was moved by Mandela. “He asked forgotten. “The children were all well cared for village. “The…trip didn’t moralize or roman- want to expand their knowledge of specific countries, issues and local organizations.
me about my country…. His interest for oth- and got along well, with the older kids taking ticize but allowed me to observe, connect, be An important component of the Circle is its intergenerational nature, focusing
on successor generations – family members between their teens and early 30s –
er fellow men and women in the developing care of those who were younger. All the chil- inspired, and recognize how much history
who are striving to become effective social investors and philanthropists. This
world is so genuine,” she and future lies in the balance of our commit- next generation has its own forum for sharing information and collaboration,
says. Nursalim recollects a ments to each other,” says Simmons. “…I which was created in response to family members who expressed their desire to
moment that was, for her, have not gone a week without remembering communicate with each other about wealth, philanthropy, dealing with friends
inspirational. “I saw ex- the children and women of the village in and family, and other issues. Also, there is a special next generation email list and
ANC leader Tokyo Sexwale Mozambique and the leaders who are sup- plans to meet on a regular basis in order to build a network of friends and
toast de Klerk, thanking porting their efforts.” colleagues with a common background with whom to share experiences and find
him ‘…for letting us out of common areas of philanthropic interest.
jail.’ If only in other coun- Forging Alliances, Transforming GPC members have access to Synergos’ global network of philanthropic
Philanthropy organizations – such as foundations that provide the critical education, services
tries, including ours,” she
and collaboration necessary to successfully improve the lives of those living in
continues, “even a fragment Circle trips have forged alliances between poverty around the world. The staff can also help connect members with
of this South African ‘for- members and transformed their philanthropy. institutions and individuals with expertise in fundraising, building board capacity,
giveness’ and ‘reconciliato- “My favorite part of the trip was meeting and strategic planning.
r y’ spirit can spread its the people who are doing the work,” says Juli- The Circle provides members with the personal and professional resources
wings, the world will be ette Gimon, Flora Foundation board mem- that enhance their philanthropy both at home and abroad through diverse
more peaceful.” ber, Hewlett family member and Synergos services, experiences and relationships.
Throughout their time board member. “It strengthened the Flora

34 35
Esquel could be a foundation instead of an NGO, which Ecuadorian leaders.
would allow it to influence policy, award grants, and sup- The development of the Ecuadorian Consortium for So-
Many of Esquel’s
programs benefit
port community programs.” cial Responsibility (CERES – Consorcio Ecuatoriano para
children and With Synergos support, Marchán and several other Responsabilidad Social) – Ecuador’s only network of founda-
youth, women, Ecuadorian civil society leaders developed a concept paper. tions and corporate social responsibility programs – started
and indigenous
populations.
Synergos connected representatives of Esquel to The Rock- in 1998, when Esquel and Synergos began a series of events
efeller Foundation, which provided a grant to undertake a focused on promoting and strengthening Ecuador’s philan-
feasibility study on establishing and managing the proposed thropic sector. Progress in this initial phase was difficult,
foundation. not only because of Ecuador’s economic and political crisis
“We were interested in the foundation structure as a vehi- in the late 1990s, but also be-
cle that potentially could be used around the world,” says cause of the lack of compre-
Dulany. “However, Synergos needed to learn about the chal- hensive information about
lenges, difficulties and needs in establishing and growing the sector’s size, scope and
this type of institution. Esquel was a crucial partner in characteristics.
learning about and solving these issues.” In 2000, we jointly under-
Schearer spent a month in Ecuador working with the took research to locate and
foundation’s core leadership to develop a proposal. At the map out the characteristics
completion of the nine-month feasibility study, The Rocke- of local foundations in
feller Foundation agreed to fund the start-up of Esquel us- Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico.


ing the debt swap concept. It bought some of Ecuador’s The study identified 21
commercial debt. In return, the Ecuadorian government Ecuadorian foundations. In Esquel
gave back a percentage of the savings to Esquel. Those sav-
ings constituted Esquel’s endowment.
2001, these organizations
were invited to a meeting
is not only
This initial funding from The Rockefeller Foundation was where the concept of an as- creating and
supplemented with funding from the International Youth
Foundation, and Esquel became operational in 1991.
sociation was introduced.
This meeting was, in itself, a
funding social,
Esquel’s four main areas of commitment are sustainable bridging exercise, convening economic and
ESQUEL: development, children and youth, democracy and citizen
formation, and entrepreneurial development.
foundations that, despite
working on the same issues,
health programs,
but it is also
Ecuador’s “Today,” says Schearer, “Esquel is not only creating and
funding social, economic and health programs, but it is also
working to bridge divides between indigenous people and
had never come together for
dialogue. This and subse-
quent meetings were instru-
working to
bridge divides
Model Foundation the rest of society.” mental in establishing a basis
between

e
Esquel’s work has directly benefited more than 700,000 of trust and, in 2002, Esquel
people and indirectly improved the lives of millions of and Synergos held a strategic
Ecuadorians, especially children and youth, women, and in- planning meeting to initiate indigenous
cuador – one of South America’s most geo- poverty. In the course of this partnership, Synergos has digenous populations. To date, Esquel has distributed $30 creation of the network. people and the


graphically and ethnically diverse countries
– presents two very different faces.
learned a lot about what makes foundations effective,
knowledge it has been able to share with hundreds of other
million to local communities. It collaborates with more than
150 NGOs, 200 grassroots organizations, 180 youth groups,
In January and March of
2002, the two organizations
rest of society.
The size of Nevada, it borders Colombia foundations around the world. and several organizations in other parts of Latin America convened working sessions —S. Bruce Schearer
and Peru and includes the Galápagos Is- and in the United States. with a cross section of President, The Synergos
lands, Amazonian rain forests, Andean mountains, active THE BIRTH OF ESQUEL: The ties between Esquel and Synergos are strong. Accord- Ecuadorian foundations and Institute
volcanoes, tropical beaches, and Quito – one of the oldest SYNERGOS HELPS CREATE A PROTOTYPE ing to Cornelio Marchán, now Esquel’s Executive President, corporations in Quito and
cities in the Americas. Ecuador has a rich history. Its 13 mil- The Esquel Group was a struggling network of Latin Ameri- “Synergos’ technical support has allowed us to identify areas Cuenca, resulting in the for-
lion citizens are racially and culturally diverse – descendants can NGOs in the late 1980s. Two of its members, Cornelio of work and development mechanisms. Its role as a net- mal establishment of
of mestizos, Indians, Spaniards and Africans. Marchán (then Ecuador’s Minister of Planning) and Roberto worker has been of crucial importance for our growth and CERES. These sessions were
The other face is harsher. Despite its abundant supply of Mizrahi (a co-founder of the Esquel Group), wanted Esquel institutional development, through which we have attained led by Rebecca Raposo, a Se-
natural resources, more than 60 percent of Ecuador’s popu- to become an organization that provided grants to commu- important support for the fulfillment of our programs.” nior Fellow from Brazil, and
lation lives in poverty. It has one of the lowest ratings in nities and NGOs rather than constantly looking for funds a local consultant.
Latin America on the United Nations Development Pro- for its own programs. BRIDGING DIVIDES BY STRENGTHENING CERES members agreed
gramme’s Human Development Index. Local financing for development was a Synergos concern. PHILANTHROPY to focus its work on promo-
The Esquel Foundation (Fundación Esquel) has been in Then Esquel’s founders asked Peggy Dulany, founder, and S. Since Esquel’s inception, our organizations have worked to- tion of social responsibility
the forefront of the fight to reduce poverty and promote Bruce Schearer, President of Synergos, to work with them to gether to strengthen the capacity of community-based or- in Ecuador, an issue per- ECUADOR
sustainable development in Ecuador for over ten years. develop and plan a fundraising strategy. ganizations in Ecuador. Recently, we have collaborated on ceived as vitally important Population: 13.7 million
Synergos has partnered with Esquel since its inception, “The group came to us to get our perspectives on the two innovative programs. One is the establishment of a con- to the country’s sustainable Avg. Annual Income: $1,080
assisting in the creation of the organization and, over the idea,” says Schearer. “It was a creative departure and the sortium of Ecuadorian foundations. The other is develop- and equitable development. Pop. below the poverty line: Over 60%
years, in its efforts to bridge divides in order to eradicate beginning of a new model. With money from a debt swap, ment of a training program aimed at building future It defined social responsibil- Pop. earning less than $2/day: 52.3%

36 37
ity as the “adoption of an ethical position, by one or more Board of Directors
social actors, leading to active commitment towards solv- (as of October 1, 2003)
ing Ecuador’s development problems.” This definition is
based on the belief that the civil society, private and public
sectors share responsibility for solving Ecuador’s develop-
ment challenges.


Wanda Engel Aduan Cornelio Marchán
Despite being a young
association, CERES al-
Synergos’ Regional Dialogue Division Executive President
ready plays an important technical support Inter-American Development Bank Esquel Foundation-Ecuador
role in building the infra-
structure of relationships
has allowed us Valentin von Arnim
Corporate Treasury
Marcos Augusto de Moraes
President
and cooperation (intra- and to identify areas Goldman, Sachs & Co. Empreendimentos e
intersectoral) that can
make social responsibility
of work and Bill Bohnett
Participações B4 S.A.

the engine of Ecuador’s de- development Cornelio Marchán with Janet Becker of Synergos
Partner Lucia Moreira-Salles
Fulbright & Jaworski LLP Trustee
velopment. It offers a safe mechanisms. Esquel applied for and received a grant from the W.K.
Riovoluntairo
space for the exchange of Kellogg Foundation for a three-year pilot program that will
skil ls and experiences Its role as a train 150 bridging leaders. This program combines formal
Alan Detheridge
Vice President, External Affairs, Kim Samuel Johnson
among staff and board networker has training courses with practical experience (through case Exploration & Production Director
members of foundations. studies, simulations, internships and exchanges).
And it convenes national been of crucial The 16-day course, taught by high-level educators, was
Shell International Limited The Samuel Group of Companies

seminars with the public importance held on eight weekends. Course topics included Self Knowl- Lance Dublin
President and CEO
S. Bruce Schearer
President
and private sectors to dis-
cuss strategic alliances to
for our growth edge, You and Your Community, The Challenge, The Re-
sponse, Concertación I & II, Influencing Your Surroundings, Lance Dublin Consulting The Synergos Institute
promote social responsibil- and institutional and Administering and Sustaining the Collective Effort. Peggy Dulany Tokyo Sexwale


ity and development.
CERES is working to en-
development. Guillermo Esteban Calero Moscoso, President of Facultad
Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO)/Student
Chair
The Synergos Institute
Executive Chairman
Mvelaphanda Holdings
courage the national govern- —Cornelio Marchán Council of Masters in Social Sciences, said the course
ment to provide financial Executive President, Esquel “helped me with communication skills, knowing how to deal John Michael Forgách Adele S. Simmons
incentives for philanthropy. with demands, respecting diversity, and knowing how to McCluskey Fellow President
CERES aims to act as an educator on social responsibility, communicate the community’s needs.” Yale School of Forestry and Global Philanthropy Partnership
working to increase the level of awareness and under- Marcela Angélica Sosa Muñoz is from Guayaquil and Environmental Studies
James Sligar
standing on the importance of being socially responsible. works for Fundación Leonidas Ortega Moreira, which pro- Juliette Gimon Partner
It uses a variety of instruments to achieve this goal, in- vides scholarships for children and youth without economic Trustee Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy
cluding a newsletter, website, and a resource center that is resources. “This process has generated self-reflection and Flora Family Foundation
open to the public. questioning about two of my foundation’s plans,” she says, Michael W. Sonnenfeldt
CERES also offers capacity building services directly “as a result of looking at the way other institutions with oth- Dorian S. Goldman Managing Member
to member and non-member organizations, with diagnos- er backgrounds work.” President and Trustee MUUS & Company, LLC
tic processes used to determine each organization’s For Martiza Paulina Seguar Villalba, “This process Irving Goldman Foundation
strengths and weaknesses, as well as common areas of helped me a great deal because it has strengthened intu- Nadine B. Hack Synergos would like to thank the following
need. Several Synergos Senior Fellow workshops were itions that I had. It has generated in me great responsibili- President retiring board members for their years of
scheduled for CERES members in 2003 on the issues of ty and commitment to my work,” she explains. “We have beCause Global Consulting service (positions listed are those held at
board development, financial sustainability and resource dealt with the theme of communication, how to think sys- conclusion of board service):
mobilization, and communications and social marketing. tematically. We have identified the limits of each member Brian Henderson
Senior Fellows consultancies and other activities help of the team and developed the capacity to negotiate with Vice Chairman, Merrill Lynch Etienne Allard
connect Ecuador’s foundation sector with experiences each other.” Villalba works for the United Nations Popula- Europe Middle East and Africa Cramer & Cie
and actors from other countries, keeping it abreast of in- tion Fund and the Ministry of Human Development, Merrill Lynch
Sarah Spencer
novations and best practices. where she is involved in creating the Intersectoral Organi- Nilufar Hossain Program Specialist
zation Against Family Violence. Family Care International Women’s Commission for Refugee
BUILDING LEADERSHIP CAPACITY Acquired skills and knowledge are applied to real dia- Women and Children
THAT BRIDGES DIVIDES logue and consensus-building – called concertación – aimed H. Peter Karoff
Synergos and Esquel have begun working together on the de- at solving local community problems. Chairman and Founder Richard Parsons
sign and implementation of a project that would build leader- The Esquel-Synergos relationship is best summed up by The Philanthropic Initiative, Inc. Chairman and CEO
ship capacity in Ecuador. The goal of the program is to train Cornelio Marchán: “Today, we can say that Esquel and Syn- AOL Time Warner Inc.
Maria Elena Lagomasino
young Ecuadorians in the theory and practice of “bridging” ergos have developed a partnership founded on common vi- Chairman & CEO, Michaela Walsh
leadership, allowing them to bring together diverse groups in sions and work objectives that have sustained a relationship JPMorgan Private Bank President
society to solve the problems of poverty and inequity. of mutual respect and autonomy.” • J.P. Morgan Chase & Co Women’s Asset Management
38 39
Donors W. Alton Jones Foundation Mora McLean James D. Robinson III Marco and Sue Stoffel
Listed below are significant donors through October 31, 2003. Alfred Jurzykowski Foundation Lisa Meadowcroft Rockefeller & Company Christopher Stone
Peter Karoff Meadows Foundation, Inc. Rockefeller Brothers Fund Elizabeth Strong-Cuevas
Martin P. Kasofsky Rohinton Medhora Charles Rockefeller Jon Stryker
Peter B. Kellner The John Merck Fund David Rockefeller, Jr. Michael von Stumm

Alfredo and Paz Achar Patti Cadby Birch Lewis and Dorothy Cullman Peter Goulandris W.K. Kellogg Foundation Merrill Lynch David Rockefeller, Sr. Surdna Foundation Inc.

Wendy and Raymond Ackerman Helen and William Birenbaum Lee Cullum Judy Green Shiv and Uday Khemka Joyce Mertz-Gilmore Foundation The Rockefeller Foundation Government of Sweden

Wanda Engel Aduan The Blackstone Group Eleanor Naylor Dana Mary Greer Henry Kissinger Seymour Milstein JD Rockefeller, III Fund Charles Tate
Charitable Trust Ryuji Kitamura The Cynthia and George Mitchell Laurance Rockefeller Barbara Taylor
Africare Bloomberg L.P. Kate Greswold
Daniel Dantas and Verônica Dantas Foundation Maurice Tempelsman
The Aga Khan Foundation Canada William Bohnett Eileen and Paul Growald John Klingenstein Mrs. Nelson A. Rockefeller
Jorge and Maria D’Assunção Jardim Toby Moffett Eugene V. and Clare E. Thaw
Giovanni Agnelli Roberto and Maria Mathilde Agnes Gund and Daniel Shapiro John W. Kluge Steven C. Rockefeller
Gonçalves José Ermírio de Moraes Charitable Trust
Bonetti Gary Knell Valerie Rockefeller
Daniele Agostino Foundation Mimi and Peter Haas
Richard and Barbara Debs Marcos Augusto de Moraes Franklin Thomas
James M. Brasher III Yotaro Kobayashi Raul Rodriguez
Hope Aldrich Nadine Hack
Christel DeHaan Family Lucia Moreira-Salles Time Warner Inc.
David A. Brewer Kobrand Corporation Jon W. Rotenstreich
Victor Alicea Foundation Scott and Sally Harrison
Susan Briggs The Moriah Fund Robert C. Timpson
Paul Allaire André Desmarais Mrs. Randolph Hearst Pamela Vinal Kohlberg Susan Rothenberg
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Patrice and Precious Motsepe Sarah Timpson
Amelior Foundation Alan Detheridge Charles A. and Monika Heimbold Maria Elena Lagomasino Neil L. Rudenstine
Judith Bruce Charles Stewart Mott Foundation Tinker Foundation, Inc.
American Express Company Deutsche Bank Heinz Family Foundation Florian Langenscheidt Johann and Gaynor Rupert
Magalen O. Bryant Mike Murray Susanna Tisa
American International Group, Inc. Conway Downing Brian Henderson Leonard and Evelyn Lauder Russell Sakaguchi
Carlos and Teresa Bulgheroni Foundation Mercedes Noboa Toyota Motors of North America
Sérgio and Bernadete Amoroso William H. Draper III Roberto and Claudia Hernández Ricardo E.S. and Maria João Salgado
James E. and Diane W. Burke Ronald Lauder New York City Partnership Tse Foundation
Jack Anderson Sam Dryden Judith F. Hernstadt Ralph Salomon Amy and Stephen Unfried
Foundation Mildred Robbins Leet New York University
Antonio Carlos de Andrade Lance Dublin Marlene Hess and James Zirin Richard Salomon UNICEF
J. Daniel Butler John Lennon Bruce Nickerson
Dwayne O. Andreas Anthony Duke, Sr. Hewitt Associates/Intergama Kim Samuel Johnson United Nations Development
Charles Butt Levi Strauss Foundation Government of Norway
Peggy Dulany William and Flora Hewlett The Sasakawa Peace Foundation Programme
Mrs. Walter Annenberg Canadian International
Foundation Edward Lewis NOVIB United Nations Foundation
Anonymous Development Agency Augustin and Malú Edwards Frank Savage
Linda Hill Walter Link The Nursalim Family US Agency for International
Hylton and Wendy Appelbaum Capital Group Companies Gaetana Enders S. Bruce Schearer
Conrad N. Hilton Foundation Jerome and Kenneth Lipper The Oak Foundation, Ltd. Development
Apple Computer Company Frank Carlucci Kurt Engelhorn Schering-Plough
Foundation VanEck Absolute Return Advisors
HIP Health of New York Mark T. Ocepek
Manuel and Marie Thérèse Arango Hervé de Carmoy Exor America Robert J. Schwartz ERS
Bobye List
Michael J. Hirschhorn Morris W. Offit
Archer Daniels Midland Company The Carnegie Corporation of ExxonMobil William and Tsugiko Scullion Phillipe de Villers
Oscar Lopez
New York Nilufar Hossain Mr. and Mrs. George D. O’Neill
Valentin von Arnim Mark Fabry Ayrton Senna Foundation Richard Voell
Lucent Technologies Inc.
Russell L. Carson Houston Endowment Inc. Peter O’Neill
David Arnold Amir and Nathalie F. Farman-Farma Viviane Senna Paul Volcker
William Lucy
Annie E. Casey Foundation Hans and Elizabeth Humes Laura Thorn and William O’Neill
The Asia Foundation Eileen Fisher, Inc. Olavo Egydio Setubal Ira Wallach
Ann Lurie
Merle Chambers Swanee Hunt Open Society Institute
Asia Pacific Philanthropy Flora Family Foundation Tokyo and Judy Sexwale Michaela Walsh
John D. and Catherine T.
Consortium Laura and Richard Chasin Patricia Huntington Susan Packard Orr
Elizabeth Fondaras MacArthur Foundation Shaler Adams Foundation Hermine Warren
Aspen Institute Jacqueline de Chollet Towbin John and Hilga Hurford Pact
Ford Foundation Antonio and Teresa Madero Lindsay Shea Washington Mutual
Brooke Astor Luiz Chor Institute for Civil Society Alan Parker
John Michael Forgách Vincent and Anne Mai Shell International Limited John and Martha Watts
AT&T Foundation Christie’s Institute of International Education Richard D. Parsons
Frey Family Joshua Mailman Hiroaki Shikanai Mark Weinberg
The Atlantic Philanthropies Gustavo A. and Patricia Cisneros Institutional Investor, Inc. Anne Partlow
Jonathan Friedland Management Sciences for Health D. Wayne Silby Malcolm Wiener
José Ignacio and Verónica Avalos Citigroup Inc. Inter-American Development Bank Ian Partridge
Richard M. Furlaud Cornelio Marchán Adele Simmons Peter Wheeler
John and Caron Avery Citigroup Private Bank International Development Patricia Price Peterson Foundaton
Maria Eugenia Garcés Campagna Alberto and Anabelle Mariaca William Kelly Simpson John C. Whitehead
Research Centre Peter G. Peterson
Avina, Inc. Coca-Cola Company Fundação Roberto Marinho Alan Slifka
Elena Garcés de Eder Frederick Wildman & Sons
International Institute for
Glenn and Carolyn Ayres Cohen Family Foundation Rudolph A. Peterson
Garcés Echavarria Family Sustainable Development Markle Foundation James Sligar Christopher Williams
Alberto and Tere Baillères Common Cents Carroll Petrie
General Electric Company International Youth Foundation Robert Masten-Rosen The Christopher D. Smithers Montel Williams
The Compton Foundation Pew Charitable Trusts Foundation, Inc.
Richard Bakal George Gilder Chie Ishibashi Mary A. and John M. McCarthy Gary and Karen Winnick
Conservation, Food & Health Foundation Phillips-Van Heusen Michael Sonnenfeldt and Katja
BankAmerica Foundation Jean-Paul and Eleanor Gimon Itaúsa-Investimentos Itaú S.A. Winston Foundation for World
Foundation Goldman
Neil McCarthy and Marnie and Don Pillsbury Peace
Banyan Tree Foundation Juliette Gimon J.P. Morgan Chase & Co.
Frederic G. Corneel Elizabeth Monaco Sony Corporation
Philip Pillsbury Wolfensohn Family Foundation
Roberto and Maria Rosa Baquerizo Dorian Goldman and Dale E. Jenkins
Camille and William Cosby, Jr. Bruce R. and Jolene McCaw Harry Sophoclides
Marvin Israelow George Pitt and Noreen Clark World Economic Forum
Anne Bartley Jerry and Emily Spiegel Family
Eduardo Costantini Doris L. McCoy John Spencer
Irving and Joyce Goldman Foundation, Inc. Prince of Wales Business Leaders Xerox Corporation
King Baudouin Foundation United
T.G. Cousins Foundation McCune Charitable Foundation Forum Theodore and Vada Stanley
States Inc. Jewish Communal Fund of Zamorano-Pan American
Doris Cramer Richard Goldman New York Sara S. McDaniel Public Welfare Foundation The Starr Foundation School of Agriculture
Othman and Leila Benjelloun
Credit Suisse First Boston Goldstein, Golub & Kessler Paul Tudor Jones James McDonald Pablo and Luisa Pulido Sabine Sten Dmitri Zimin
The Judy and Howard Berkowitz
Foundation John de Cuevas Tatsuro Goto Franklin P. Johnson The McKnight Foundation Katherine J. and William Rayner Donald M. and Isabel Stewart Zobel de Ayala Family

40 41
Summary Financial Report Notes
A complete set of audited financial statements is available upon request.

STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION DECEMBER 31, 2002


ASSETS LIABILITIES AND NET ASSETS
Cash $353,570 LIABILITIES
Pledges and Other Receivables 5,335,994 Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses $300,151
Investments, at Fair Value 1,229,536 Capital Lease Obligations 31,846
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets 39,909 Note Payable 5,850,000
Property and Equipment, Net 8,650,563
Total Liabilities 6,181,997
Total Assets $15,609,572
COMMITMENTS
NET ASSETS
Unrestricted
Invested in Property and Equipment 2,768,717
Long-term investments 1,229,536
Undesignated 915,811
Total Unrestricted 4,914,064

Temporarily Restricted 4,513,511


Net Assets 9,427,575
Total Liabilities and Assets $15,609,572

STATEMENT OF ACTIVITIES FOR YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2002


SUPPORT AND REVENUE UNRESTRICTED TEMPORARILY RESTRICTED TOTAL
CONTRIBUTIONS
Foundations $11,765 $3,369,745 $3,381,510
Corporations 55,000 55,000
Individuals 403,838 2,659,489 3,063,327
GPC Membership Dues 944,000 944,000
Government Grant 483,682 483,682
Special Event, net 468,838 468,838
Return on Investments 3,036 3,036
Other Income 197,074 197,074
Net Assets released from restrictions –
satisfaction of program and time restrictions 3,190,728 (3,190,728)
Total Support and Revenue 5,757,961 2,838,506 8,596,467
EXPENSES
PROGRAM SERVICES
Global Philanthropy 315,849 315,849
Latin America 782,795 782,795
Southeast Asia 444,486 444,486
Southern Africa 473,610 473,610
Bridging Leadership 578,773 578,773
Border Project 341,663 341,663
Global Philanthropists Circle 636,984 636,984
Total Program Services 3,574,160 3,574,160
SUPPORTING SERVICES
Management and General 1,335,169 1,335,169
Fundraising 792,960 792,960
Total Supporting Services 2,128,129 2,128,129
Total Expenses 5,702,289 5,702,289

Change in Net Assets 55,672 2,838,506 2,894,178

Net Assets at Beginning of Year 4,858,382 1,675,005 6,533,397

Net Assets at End of Year $4,914,064 $4,513,511 $9,427,575


42 43
Credits

Leslie J. Yerman (lead writer)


Robin Read (design)
James M. Brasher III, John Heller, Andrew Sillen,
Shari Turitz, John Tomlinson (editorial board)
Classic Color Systems (printing)

Photographs by/Courtesy of:


Abrinq Foundation for Children’s Rights
Bajío Community Foundation
Border Health Commission (map)
Esquel Foundation
Sylvain Gaboury
Art Humphrey
Grace Kiniki/Foundation for Community Development
Richard Kiy/International Community Foundation
Eric Miller
Ricardo Morales
Philippine Business for Social Progress
J.D. Scott
VillageReach
Gisele Wulfsohn

44 45