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1.

2 DESCRIBING
OBJECTS, SHAPES AND
DIMENSIONS

Dimensions have names


Names of dimensions

Height, width and length are NOUNS

High, wide and long are ADJECTIVES

Height, width, length are


linear dimensions

mm millimetre
cm centimetre
m metre
km kilometre
Patterns used for dimensions 1

high
How wide is ?
long

Patterns used for dimensions 2

height
What is the width of ?
length
Describing objects
Useful vocabulary:

thickness (adj. thick) pointed


depth (adj. deep) rounded
hollow sharp
solid blunt
internal curved
external flat
round
circular

Geometric Shapes

They are classified under two


categories:

Flat shapes
Solid shapes
Bidimensional Shapes
The four basic flat shapes are circle,
triangle, square and rectangle.
It is round. It does not
have any corner points

It has three sides.

It has four equal sides.

It has four sides. Opposite


sides are equal.
PARTS OF A CIRCLE
Polygon Parts

Types of Polygons
Polygon Formulae

Area Formulae
Area Formulae

Solid Shapes
Faces

Consider a wooden box. A wooden


box is bounded by 6 rectangular
faces.

We know that rectangles are flat


shapes.

So, face is the flat part of the solid.

Edges

Consider the wooden box shown


above.

Each face meets with the other face


by a straight line.

So, the line where the two faces


join is called as edge.
Vertices
The points of intersection of the edges
of the solid shapes are called vertices.

A Cube, for example, has 8 vertices.

A cube has

Number of faces: 6
Number of edges: 12
Number of vertices: 8