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INGLS

Teresa Vaello Reos


Mara Vicenta Llorca Llorca
Mayte Calatayud Puerto

Supuestos prcticos
Secundaria
Supuestos prcticos de
INGLS SECUNDARIA
Teresa Vaello Reos
Vicenta Mara Llorca Llorca
Maite Calatayud Puerto
ltima edicin 2017

Autoras: Teresa Vaello Reos, Vicenta Mara Llorca Llorca y Maite Calatayud Puerto

Maquetacin: Raquel Garzn Montagut y Jessica Snchez Gaviln

Edita: Educlia Editorial

Imprime: Servicecom

ISBN: 978-84-946884-2-3

Depsit Legal: V-739-2017

Printed in Spain/Impreso en Espaa.

Todos los derechos reservados. No est permitida la reimpresin de ninguna parte de este libro, ni de imgenes ni
de texto, ni tampoco su reproduccin, ni utilizacin, en cualquier forma o por cualquier medio, bien sea electr-
nico, mecnico o de otro modo, tanto conocida como los que puedan inventarse, incluyendo el fotocopiado o
grabacin, ni est permitido almacenarlo en un sistema de informacin y recuperacin, sin el permiso anticipado
y por escrito del editor.

Alguna de las imgenes que incluye este libro son reproducciones que se han realizado acogindose al dere-
cho de cita que aparece en el artculo 32 de la Ley 22/18987, del 11 de noviembre, de la Propiedad intelectual.
Educlia Editorial agradece a todas las instituciones, tanto pblicas como privadas, citadas en estas pginas, su
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Tel: 960 624 309 - 963 768 542 - 610 900 111

E-mail: educaliaeditorial@e-ducalia.com

www.e-ducalia.com
NDICE
(PARTE 1: Teresa Vaello Reos,Vicenta Mara Llorca Llorca

EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS OPOSICIONES SECUNDARIA INGLS


1. The Physician by Noah Gordon ................................................................................. 8
2. Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone by JK Rowling .............................................. 13
3. Wuthering Heights by E. Brnte .................................................................................. 17
4. The Girl with a Pearl Earring by Tracy Chevalier ...................................................... 20
5. Memoirs of a Geisha by Arthur Golden .................................................................... 24
6. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley ..................................................................................... 27
7. Moby Dick by Herman Melville .................................................................................. 30
8. Gullivers travels by Jonathan Swift ........................................................................... 33
9. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald ................................................................... 37
10. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen ......................................................................... 40
11. Robin Hood by Henry Gilbert ..................................................................................... 44
12. Dracula by Bram Stoker .............................................................................................. 48

SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS OPOSICIONES SECUNDARIA INGLS


1. The Physician by Noah Gordon .................................................................................. 56
2. Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone by JK Rowling ...............................................59
3. Wuthering Heights by E. Brnte ...................................................................................62
4. The Girl with a Pearl Earring by Tracy Chevalier ....................................................... 64
5. Memoirs of a Geisha by Arthur Golden ..................................................................... 67
6. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley ...................................................................................... 69
7. Moby Dick by Herman Melville ................................................................................... 72
8. Gullivers travels by Jonathan Swift ............................................................................ 74
9. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald .................................................................... 78
10. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen ......................................................................... 80
11. Robin Hood by Henry Gilbert ...................................................................................... 83
12. Dracula by Bram Stoker ............................................................................................... 86

TRADUCCIN TEXTOS CLSICOS


1. Drcula de Bram stoker ............................................................................................... 92
2. El Prncipe y el Mendigo de Mark Twain .................................................................... 93
3. El Retrato de Dorian Gray de Oscar Wilde ............................................................... 94
4. El libro de la Selva de Rudyard Kipling ...................................................................... 95
5. La Letra Escarlata de Nathaniel Hawthorne .............................................................96
6. La Mscara de la Muerte Roja de Edgar Allan Poe ................................................ 97
7. Cancin de Navidad de Charles Dickens ................................................................ 98
8. Retrato de una Dama de Henry James .................................................................... 99
9. El Gran Gatsby de F. Scott Fitzgerald ........................................................................ 100
10. Soneto 18 de William Shakespeare ............................................................................ 101
11. Moby Dick de Herman Melville ...................................................................................102
12. Los Viajes de Gulliver de Jonathan Swift ................................................................... 103
13. Frankenstein de Mary Shelley ..................................................................................... 104
14. El Gran Gatsby de F. Scott Fitzgerald ........................................................................ 105
15. Orgullo y Prejuicio de Jane Austen ............................................................................ 106
16. Robinson Crusoe de Daniel Defoe ............................................................................. 108
NDICE
(PARTE 2: Maite Calatayud Puerto

EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS OPOSICIONES SECUNDARIA INGLS


1. Googles Satellite timelapses show the inconvenient truth about out place ...............110
2. King tide flooding a preview of the daily norm we can expect ..........................113
3. How to survive a plague ...........................................................................................116
4. Is this the most liveable city in the world ............................................................................119
5. You need need to go back to school to relearn english ......................................122
6. Boxing day ......................................125
7. Nato review ........................................128
8. Donald Trumps Victory speech ...........................................131
9. King Georges speech .....................................134
10. Some medical treatments are pointless ...............................................136
11. Veganism .................................138
12. Are you too old to find sucess? ...........................................................................................141
13. Your private medical data ir for sale .................................................144

SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS OPOSICIONES SECUNDARIA INGLS


1. Googles Satellite timelapses show the inconvenient truth about out place ...............148
2. King tide flooding a preview of the daily norm we can expect ..........................149
3. How to survive a plague ...........................................................................................150
4. Is this the most liveable city in the world ............................................................................151
5. You need need to go back to school to relearn english ......................................153
6. Boxing day ......................................154
7. Nato review ........................................156
8. Donald Trumps Victory speech ...........................................157
9. King Georges speech .....................................158
10. Some medical treatments are pointless ...............................................159
11. Veganism .................................161
12. Are you too old to find sucess? ...........................................................................................162
13. Your private medical data ir for sale .................................................164

TRADUCCIN TEXTOS CLSICOS


1. El Amigo Fiel, de Oscar Wilde .............................................................................................168
2. El Corazn Delator, de Edgar Allan Poe .................................................................169
3. Lazarillo de Tormes .....................................................................................................170
4. Declaracin Universal de los Derechos Humanos ............................................................171
5. Constitucin de los Estados Unidos ..........................................................................172
6. Si, de Rudyard Kipling ..............................................174
7. Cuento de Navidad, de Charles Dickens ..........................................176
8. El Gigante Egosta, de Oscar Wolde ...........................................179
9. Romeo y Juliera, de William Shakespeare. Huerto de los Capuleto ...............................180
10. Diario Oficial de la Unin Europea ..........................................................183
11. Mi Ciudad de me deja Dormir ................................184
12. Da de Accin de Gracias ....................................................................................................185
13. La Princesa y el Guisante ......................................................................186
Supuestos prcticos de
INGLS SECUNDARIA
PARTE 1
Teresa Vaello Reos
Vicenta Mara Llorca Llorca
EJEMPLOS EXMENES
PRCTICOS
EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

1. The Physician by Noah Gordon


Read carefully the following text and answer the questions about it:

Let us catch some breakfast, he said as they washed the dirt from their faces and hands. He cut two willow poles
and got hooks and line from the wagon. From the shaded place behind the seat he pulled out a box. This is our
grasshopper box.
He said. It is one of our duties to keep it filled. He lifted the lid only far enough to allow Rob to stick his hands
inside. Living things rustled away from Robs fingers, frantic and spiky, and he pulled one gently into his palm. When
he withdrew his hand, keeping the wings folded between his thumb and forefinger, the insects legs scrabbled
frantically.
The four front legs were thin as hairs and the hind two were powerful and large-thighed, enabling it to be a hopper.
Barber showed him how to slip the point of the hook just beneath the sort section of tough, ridged shell behind the
head. Not too deep or hell bleed molasses and die. Where have you fished?
The Thames. He prided himself on his ability as a fisher, for he and his father often had dangled worms in the
broad river, depending on the fish to help feed the family during the unemployment.
Barber grunted. This is a different kind of fishing,
He said. Leave the poles for a moment and get on your hands and knees
They crawled cautiously to a place overlooking the nearest pool and lay on their bellies. Rob thought the fat man
daft.
Four fish hung suspended in glass.
Small, Rob whispered. Best eating that size, Barber said as they crept away from the bank. Your big river trouts
are tough and oily. Did you note how these drifted near the head of the pool? They feed facing upstream, waiting
for a juicy meal to fall in and come floating down. Theyre wild and wary.
If you stand next to the stream, they see you. If you tread strongly on the bank they feel your step and they scatter.
Thats why you use the long pole. If you stand next back and lightly drop the hopper just above the pool, letting the
flow carry it to the fish. He watched critically as Rob swung the grasshopper where he had directed.
With a shock that travelled along the pole and sent excitement up into Robs arms, the unseen fish struck like a
dragon. After that it was like fishing in the Thames. He waited patiently, giving the trout time to doom itself, and then
raised the tip of the pole and set the hook as his father had taught him. When he pulled in the first flopping prize
they admired its blood: the gleaming background like oiled walnut wood, the sleek sides splattered with rainbow
reds, the black fins marked with warm orange...

The Physician by Noah Gordon

1. Give homophones from the text for the following words (state the line number):

were

would

taut

plaice

dye

sighs

tuff

2. Give minimal pairs (from the first paragraph) for the following words:

come

for

calm

get

thinks

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EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

3. Make a phonetic transcription of the following words:

Thames withdrew

wagon beneath

grasshopper tough

duties leave

enough cautiously

4. Give 6 examples of silent letters found in the text:

5. Give 10 verbs belonging to the lexical eld of TYPES OF MOVEMENTS:

6. Give 3 verbs belonging to the lexical eld of types of talking:

7. Give 5 words belonging to the lexical eld of Nature:

NATURE

8. Give 5 words from the text which refer to different parts of animals:

9. Give 7 words from the text which refer to different parts of a persons body:

10. Give 6 words from the text which refer to the lexical eld of types of animals:

11. Name a simile in the text and add two more:

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EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

12. Name a metaphor in the text and add two more:

13. Give one example of:


Temporal deixis:
Personal deixis:
Place deixis:

14. Give a euphemism which can be substituted by decease or expire:

15. Classify the category of the words given in the text according to their word formation (prefixes,
suffixes, compounds):

unemployment

excitement

flopping

grasshopper

rainbow

forefinger

walnut

frantically

gleaming

enabling

16. Give 5 examples from the text of prepositions of place:

17. Dene the following expressions using your own words:

pole

wagon

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EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

hook

living things

wings

bleed

to feed

juicy

18. Find the word or expressions from the text for these denitions:
the thick short digit of the forelimb

an arc of colored light in the sky caused by refraction of the suns rays by rain

the feeling of lively and cheerful joy

a natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth

organ of locomotion and balance in fishes and some other aquatic animals

19. Give examples of synonyms for the following words:

skills back

excited to fish

bony almighty

hidden succulent

glossy to supply

20. Give examples of antonyms for the following words:

tame Tiny

tender Wide

weakly shallow

empty Cool

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EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

fat Long

21. Give examples of connectors from the text and classify them:

22. Comment the following sentence from a morphosyntactic point of view:


he watched critically as rob swung the grasshopper where he had directed

23. Complete the following sentences with words from the text:
a. Mind your hands! I dont want you .. the needle in your finger
b. Ummm, it smells tasty when youve .................... from the pot.
c. He is not a confident person. He is always.............. of running his own business.
d. The city has been destroyed by a huge earthquake. It was a ............... and gloom
situation.

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SOLUCIONES
EXMENES PRCTICOS
SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS

SOLUCIONES EXAMEN PRCTICO 1


1. Give homophones from the text for the following words (state the line number):
were Where
would Wood
taut Taught
plaice Place
dye Die
sighs Size
tuff Tough

2. Give minimal pairs (from the first paragraph) for the following words:
Come Some
For Four
Calm Palm
Get Got
Thinks Things

3. Make a phonetic transcription of the following words:


Thames tmz withdrew wdru
Wagon wn beneath bni
grasshopper rshp(r) tough tf
Duties djutz leave liv
Enough nf cautiously ksli

4. Give 6 examples of silent letters found in the text:


Some knees Allow where often would

5. Give 10 verbs belonging to the lexical eld of TYPES OF MOVEMENTS:


to cut Pulled lifted stick
withdrew scrabbled to slip crawled
lay on Crept drift fall
come scatter struck

6. Give 3 verbs belonging to the lexical eld of types of talking:


said grunted whispered

7. Give 5 words belonging to the lexical eld of Nature:


NATURE
willow
river
bank
stream
sh

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SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS

8. Give 5 words from the text which refer to different parts of animals:
Fin wings head legs shell

9. Give 7 words from the text which refer to different parts of a persons body:
Faces hands ngers palm knees thumb bellies forenger

10. Give 6 words from the text which refer to the lexical eld of types of animals:
Insect worms grasshopper trout sh dragon

11. Name a simile in the text and add two more:


The four front legs were thin as hairs

12. Name a metaphor in the text and add two more:

The unseen sh struck like a dragon.

13. Give one example of:


Temporal deixis: breakfast
Personal deixis: Barber, Rob
Place deixis: the Thames

14. Give a euphemism which can be substituted by decease or expire: to die

15. Classify the category of the words given in the text according to their word formation (prefixes,
suffixes, compounds):
noun that results adding the prex un- to the noun employment forming
unemployment
its antonym
excitement noun that results adding the sufx ment to the verb to excite
flopping adjective that results from adding the sufx ing to the verb to op
grasshopper compound noun
rainbow compound noun
forefinger compound noun
walnut compound noun
frantically adverbs that result from adding the sufx ly to the adjective frantic
gleaming adjective that results from adding the sufx ing to the noun gleam
verb resulting from the prex en and the sufx ing added to the verb to
enabling
able

16. Give 5 examples from the text of prepositions of place:


Beneath behind Above along inside

17. 17. Dene the following expressions using your own words:

Pole a long (usually round) rod of wood or metal or plastic.

Wagon any of various kinds of wheeled vehicles drwn by an animal or a tractor.

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SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS

hook a device that is curved or bent to suspend or hold or pull something.

living things Insects

Wings moveable organs for ying

Bleed drain of liquid or stream

to feed to provide food

Juicy full of juice

18. Find the word or expressions from the text for these denitions:

Thumb the thick short digit of the forelimb

Rainbow an arc of colored light in the sky caused by refraction of the suns rays
by rain

excitement the feeling of lively and cheerful joy

Stream a natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth

Fin organ of locomotion and balance in fishes and some other aquatic
animals

19. Give examples of synonyms for the following words:

Skills Abilities back hind

Excited Frantic to fish to catch

Bony Fat almighty powerful

Hidden Unseen succulent juicy

Glossy Sleek to supply to feed

20. Give examples of antonyms for the following words:

Tame Wild tiny colossal

Tender Tough wide closed

Weakly Strongly shallow deep

Empty Filled cool warm

Fat Thin long sort

21. Give examples of connectors from the text and classify them:
For he: explicative
When: temporal

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SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS

22. Comment the following sentence from a morphosyntactic point of view:

HE WATCHED CRITICALLY AS ROB SWUNG THE GRASSHOPPER WHERE HE HAD DIRECTED

Temporal Subordinate clause


Main clause: He watched critically
Temporal subordinate clause: As Rob swung the grasshopper where he had directed
Place-Relative clause subordinate: Where he had directed
Main clause: He watched critically
Subject he
Verb: Past simple tense watched
Adverb of manner critically

subordinate clause: As Rob swung the grasshopper where he had directed

Temporal nexus as
Subordinate subject Rob
Verb: Past simple tense, irregular verb swung
Object complement The grasshopper
Place relative nexus where
Subordinate subject He
Verb: Past Perfect simple, regular verbs Had directed

23. Complete the following sentences with words from the text:
a. Mind your hands! I dont want you To stick... the needle in your finger
b. Ummm, it smells tasty when youve ...Lifted the lid... from the pot.
c. He is not a confident person. He is always...wary... of running his own business.
The city has been destroyed by a huge earthquake. It was a ...Doom... and gloom situation.

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TRADUCCIN DE
TEXTOS CLSICOS
TRADUCCIN DE TEXTOS CLSICOS

Drcula de Bram stoker


En cuanto llegu a esta conclusin escuch pesados pasos que se acercaban detrs de la gran puerta, y vi a
travs de las grietas el brillo de una luz que se acercaba. Se escuch el ruido de cadenas que golpeaban y el
chirrido de pesados cerrojos que se corran. Una llave gir haciendo el conocido ruido producido por el largo
desuso, y la inmensa puerta se abri hacia adentro.
En ella apareci un hombre alto, viejo, limpiamente afeitado, a excepcin de un largo bigote blanco, y vestido
de negro de la cabeza a los pies, sin ninguna mancha de color en ninguna parte. Tena en la mano una antigua
lmpara de plata, en la cual la llama se quemaba sin globo ni proteccin de ninguna clase, lanzando largas
y ondulosas sombras al fluctuar por la corriente de la puerta abierta. El anciano me hizo un gesto con su mano
derecha, haciendo un gesto corts y hablando en excelente ingls, aunque con una entonacin extraa:
- Bienvenido a mi casa. Entre con libertad y por su propia voluntad!
No hizo ningn movimiento para acercrseme, sino que permaneci inmvil como una estatua, como si su gesto
de bienvenida lo hubiese fijado en piedra. Sin embargo, en el instante en que traspuse el umbral de la puerta,
dio un paso impulsivamente hacia adelante y, extendiendo la mano, sujet la ma con una fuerza que me hizo
retroceder, un efecto que no fue aminorado por el hecho de que pareca fra como el hielo; de que pareca ms
la mano de un muerto que de un hombre vivo. Dijo otra vez:
- Bienvenido a mi casa. Venga libremente, vyase a salvo, y deje algo de la alegra que trae consigo.
La fuerza del apretn de mano era tan parecida a la que yo haba notado en el cochero, cuyo rostro no haba
podido ver, que por un momento dud si no se trataba de la misma persona a quien le estaba hablando; as es
que para asegurarme, le pregunt:
- El conde Drcula?
Se inclin cortsmente al responderme.
- Yo soy Drcula; y le doy mi bienvenida, seor Harker, en mi casa. Pase; el aire de la noche est fro, y seguramente
usted necesita comer y descansar.

Dracula by Bram stoker


Just as I had come to this conclusion I heard a heavy step approaching behind the great door, and saw through
the chinks the gleam of a coming light. Then there was the sound of rattling chains and the clanking of massive
bolts drawn back. A key was turned with the loud grating noise of long disuse, and the great door swung back.
Within, stood a tall old man, clean shaven save for a long white moustache, and clad in black from head to foot,
without a single speck of colour about him anywhere. He held in his hand an antique silver lamp, in which the flame
burned without a chimney or globe of any kind, throwing long quivering shadows as it flickered in the draught of
the open door.
The old man motioned me in with his right hand with a courtly gesture, saying in excellent English, but with a strange
intonation.
Welcome to my house! Enter freely and of your own free will!
He made no motion of stepping to meet me, but stood like a statue, as though his gesture of welcome had fixed
him into stone.
The instant, however, that I had stepped over the threshold, he moved impulsively forward, and holding out his
hand grasped mine with a strength which made me wince, an effect which was not lessened by the fact that it
seemed cold as ice, more like the hand of a dead than a living man.
Again he said.
Welcome to my house! Enter freely. Go safely, and leave something of the happiness you bring!
The strength of the handshake was so much akin to that which I had noticed in the driver, whose face I had not
seen, that for a moment I doubted if it were not the same person to whom I was speaking.
So to make sure, I said interrogatively, Count Dracula?
He bowed in a courtly was as he replied, I am Dracula, and I bid you welcome, Mr. Harker, to my house. Come
in, the night air is chill, and you must need to eat and rest.

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Supuestos prcticos de
INGLS SECUNDARIA
PARTE 2
Maite Calatayud Puerto
EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

1. GOOGLES SATELLITE TIMELAPSES SHOW THE


INCONVENIENT TRUTH ABOUT OUR PLANET
The image of the Earth from space is so seared into human consciousness that it is hard to conceive what it was like
to live without the picture of our planet as a blue sphere that we all now carry in our minds.
The first photographs of the Earths surface seen from 100 miles were taken in 1947. By 1968, the famous Earthrise
image photographed by the crew of Apollo 8 framed our planet as a beautiful oasis in black space. Today,
stunning and intensely informative pictures of the Earths surface are being taken from space constantly: so
comprehensively, for so long, that Google has now created timelapses that show three decades of change.
It induces anxiety to watch, in just a few seconds, a desert in Saudi Arabia turn into a vast agribusiness complex, a
lake in Bolivia vanish or cities grow spectacularly in China.
History has become a car crash in speeded-up motion. We can see, in these timelapse satellite videos, how the
Earth is being torn apart by human acts. We can also see, in timelapse videos of Arctic ice, great glaciers melt
before our eyes. Yet, are human beings capable of assimilating such global perspectives or is our consciousness
tragically limited to a pre-space age, even pre-Copernican mentality? Are people only capable of acting on
immediate, personal and local concerns, even though images from space can show us the bigger picture?
[] All the images of climate change, the timelapse videos of a crumbling Earth, the crash of glaciers, dont
apparently mean anything compared with the direct experiences people have in their own neighbourhoods. If a
truth is inconvenient, ignore it.
If you want to experience, directly, the gap between imagination and reality, science and common sense, that
threatens our ability to act rationally to save the planet, just consider your smartphone. Walking down the street,
I can see myself move on the screen of my phone, in a real-time, real-life link between myself and a network of
satellites. Yet do we go around pondering this magic? No, and perhaps it even seems naive to do so. We just use
the app to check how far we are from the meeting or pub were trying to get to.
We are now a species in space, our lives as well as the health of our planet scanned by satellites. Globalisation is
not abstract but a scientific reality that is made visible in these timelapse images of our changing world. Yet that
knowledge somehow does not get into the depths of our psyches. The GPS in our smartphones and cars is an
unfortunate metaphor for a crushing failure of human imagination. We literally refuse to engage with the dazzling
global and extra-global nature of modern life. Its all too complex, apparently.
We are mentally imprisoned, unable to soar in our minds to see the Earth as a satellite can see it. And its killing us.

1. Summarize the text in no more than 80 words.

2. Give a synonym and an antonym word or expression for the following words from the text:

seared into torn apart


dazzling soar
pondering crushing

3. Write the phonetic transcription of the following words from the text:
naive globalisation
failure depths
psyches speed-up

4. Complete the sentences with a phrasal verb.


a) I often use Wikipedia to_________________________information.
b) If you want to_________________________a bus in London, you will have to queue.
c) Can I_________________________the TV? I want to watch the weather forecast.
d) It is very hard to_________________________smoking.
e) It is so dark in here, you can really_________________________your sunglasses now.

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EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

f) Shall I_________________________and offer my seat to the old lady?


g) With a few buckets of water, we_________________________the fire.
h) Who will_________________________your cat when youre on holiday?
i) Would you like to_________________________your new dress today?
j) At the next stop we have to_________________________the bus and________________________the street to the
cinema.

5. Rewrite the following sentences using the word in bold so that the second sentence has the same
meaning as the rst. You cannot change the word in bold. In each gap you can write between
three and six words.
a) If your sister didnt work so hard, your family would starve!
for
Were it_________________________working so hard, your family would starve.
b) Margaret told her daughter never to touch the vase.
circumstances
Under_________________________this vase to be touched, Margaret told her daughter.
c) We get on well with both of Jacks parents.
terms
We_________________________with both of Jacks parents.
d) If we could choose, wed prefer to go to Paris.
rather
Wed_________________________Paris if given the choice.
e) Have you considered the cost of this project? Elena asked.
account
Elena wanted to know if they had taken_________________________of the project.
f) You might have to drive a lot in this job, Greg said to Kathy
involve
Greg told Kathy that the job_________________________of driving.

g) The airline never said anything about having overbooked the plane.
time
At _________________________tell us they had overbooked the plane.

h) If you left the bank at 3pm, its possible you saw the thief.
have
You may_________________________you were in the bank at 3pm.

6. For each space, choose ONE word which you think best completes the sentence. Look carefully
at the words both before and after each space.
a) In response to the question, Mary said that as_______________as she knew, the house was empty.
b) I knew there were rabbits in the park, but Ive never seen that_______________of them here before.
c) I need the name of the person_______________car is parked right in front of mine. Hes completely blocking me!
d) Go down to the building site quickly. There appears to_______________been a bad accident.
e) Weve now discovered you were the person who broke the door and in that_______________, we cannot
be held responsible.
f) This is a great book,_______________only for those that are geology experts, but also for keen amateurs like myself.
g) I dont like_______________type of spice, but pepper in particular, I cant stand.
h) Ive read_______________single book you can see in this room. I think I read three books a week.

7. For each question, ll the space in the sentence using the base word given in bold at the end.
The required word may be a noun, adverb, adjective or verb and it may be either positive (e.g.
helpful) or negative (e.g. unhelpful).
1. In___________________with an ancient tradition, dinner will be served on blue china.
keep
2. It___________________rare to see large sharks in the Mediterranean Sea.
credible

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EJEMPLOS EXMENES PRCTICOS

3. The royal wedding finished with a___________________8-course meal in the evening.


majesty
4. Scientists used a simple beetle as the________________for their invention of a water-collecting bottle for hot climates.
inspire
5. A group of powerful___________________invested in the new company and made a fortune.
nance
6. Helen Weldon has been totally___________________an a historian after it was shown she invented quotations.
credit
7. In your___________________, how much money do we need to save in order to buy the house?
estimate
8. Parking in the city centre can be a major___________________due to the narrow streets.
convenient

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SOLUCIONES
EXMENES PRCTICOS
SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS

SOLUCIONES EXAMEN PRCTICO 1


1. Summarize the text in no more than 80 words.
Several possible answers.

2. Give a synonym and an antonym word or expression for the following words from the text:

seared into burnt in / unexploited in torn apart devastated / preserved, protected


dazzling impressive, stunning / unimpressive, soar ascend / descend
ordinary
pondering considering / ignoring crushing destructive, devastating / creative,
improving

3. Write the phonetic transcription of the following words from the text:
naive /naiv/ globalisation /lblazen/
failure /felj/ depths /dps/
psyches /saki()z/ speed-up /spidp/

4. Complete the sentences with a phrasal verb.


a) I often use Wikipedia to look up information.
b) If you want to get on a bus in London, you will have to queue.
c) Can I turn on the TV? I want to watch the weather forecast.
d) It is very hard to give up smoking.
e) It is so dark in here, you can really take off your sunglasses now.
f) Shall I stand up and offer my seat to the old lady?
g) With a few buckets of water, we put out the fire.
h) Who will look after your cat when youre on holiday?
i) Would you like to put on your new dress today?
j) At the next stop we have to get off the bus and walk along the street to the cinema.

5. Rewrite the following sentences using the word in bold so that the second sentence has the same
meaning as the rst. You cannot change the word in bold. In each gap you can write between
three and six words.
a) Were it not for your sister working so hard, your family would starve.
b) Under no circumstances is this vase to be touched, Margaret told her daughter.
c) We are on good terms with both of Jacks parents.
d) Wed rather go to Paris if given the choice.
e) Elena wanted to know if they had taken into account the cost of the project.
f) Greg told Kathy that the job might involve a lot of driving.
g) At no time did the airline tell us they had overbooked the plane.
h) You may have seen the thief if you were in the bank at 3pm.

6. For each space, choose ONE word which you think best completes the sentence. Look carefully
at the words both before and after each space.
a) In response to the question, Mary said that as far as she knew, the house was empty.
b) I knew there were rabbits in the park, but Ive never seen that many of them here before.
c) I need the name of the person whose car is parked right in front of mine. Hes completely blocking me!
d) Go down to the building site quickly. There appears to have been a bad accident.
e) Weve now discovered you were the person who broke the door and in that case, we cannot be held
responsible.
f) This is a great book, not only for those that are geology experts, but also for keen amateurs like myself.
g) I dont like any type of spice, but pepper in particular, I cant stand.
h) Ive read every single book you can see in this room. I think I read three books a week.

7. For each question, ll the space in the sentence using the base word given in bold at the end.
The required word may be a noun, adverb, adjective or verb and it may be either positive (e.g.
helpful) or negative (e.g. unhelpful).

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SOLUCIONES EXMENES PRCTICOS

a) In keeping with an ancient tradition, dinner will be served on blue china.


b) It incredibly rare to see large sharks in the Mediterranean Sea.
c) The royal wedding finished with a majestic 8-course meal in the evening.
d) Scientists used a simple beetle as the inspiration for their invention of a water-collecting bottle for hot climates.
e) A group of powerful nanciers invested in the new company and made a fortune.
f) Helen Weldon has been totally discredited an a historian after it was shown she invented quotations.
g) In your estimation, how much money do we need to save in order to buy the house?
h) Parking in the city centre can be a major inconvenience due to the narrow streets.

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TRADUCCIN DE
TEXTOS CLSICOS
TRADUCCIN DE TEXTOS CLSICOS

1. EL AMIGO FIEL, de Oscar Wilde


Una maana, la vieja rata de agua sac la cabeza por su agujero. Tena unos ojos redondos muy vivarachos
y unos tupidos bigotes grises. Su cola pareca un largo elstico negro. Unos patitos nadaban en el estanque
semejantes a una bandada de canarios amarillos, y su madre, toda blanca con patas rojas, esforzbase en
ensearles a hundir la cabeza en el agua.
-No podris ir nunca a la buena sociedad si no aprendis a meter la cabeza -les deca. Y les enseaba de nuevo
cmo tenan que hacerlo. Pero los patitos no prestaban ninguna atencin a sus lecciones. Eran tan jvenes que
no saban las ventajas que reporta la vida de sociedad.
-Qu criaturas ms desobedientes! -exclam la rata de agua- Merecan ahogarse verdaderamente!
-No lo quiera Dios! -replic la pata-. Todo tiene sus comienzos y nunca es demasiada la paciencia de los padres.
-Ah! No tengo la menor idea de los sentimientos paternos -dijo la rata de agua- No soy padre de familia. Jams
me he casado, ni he pensado en hacerlo. Indudablemente el amor es una buena cosa a su manera; pero la
amistad vale ms. Le aseguro que no conozco en el mundo nada ms noble o ms raro que una fiel amistad.
-Y, dgame, se lo ruego, qu idea se forma usted de los deberes de un amigo fiel? -pregunt un pardillo verde
que haba escuchado la conversacin posado sobre un sauce retorcido.
-S, eso es precisamente lo que quisiera yo saber -dijo la pata, y nadando hacia el extremo del estanque, hundi
su cabeza en el agua para dar buen ejemplo a sus hijos.
-Necia pregunta! -grit la rata de agua-. Como es natural, entiendo por amigo fiel al que me demuestra fidelidad!
-Y qu har usted en cambio? -dijo la avecilla columpindose sobre una ramita plateada y moviendo sus alitas.
-No le comprendo a usted -respondi la rata de agua.
-Permitidme que les cuente una historia sobre el asunto -dijo el pardillo.
-Se refiere a m esa historia? -pregunt la rata de agua- Si es as, la escuchar gustosa, porque a m me vuelven
loca los cuentos.
-Puede aplicarse a usted -respondi el pardillo. Y abriendo las alas, se pos en la orilla del estanque y cont la
historia del amigo fiel.

1. THE DEVOTED FRIEND, by Oscar Wilde


One morning the old Water-rat put his head out of his hole. He had bright beady eyes and stiff grey whiskers, and
his tail was like a long bit of black india-rubber. The little ducks were swimming about in the pond, looking just like
a lot of yellow canaries, and their mother, who was pure white with real red legs, was trying to teach them how to
stand on their heads in the water.
You will never be in the best society unless you can stand on your heads, she kept saying to them; and every now
and then she showed them how it was done. But the little ducks paid no attention to her. They were so young that
they did not know what an advantage it is to be in society at all.
What disobedient children! cried the old Water-rat; they really deserve to be drowned.
Nothing of the kind, answered the Duck, every one must make a beginning, and parents cannot be too patient.
Ah! I know nothing about the feelings of parents, said the Water-rat; I am not a family man. In fact, I have never
been married, and I never intend to be. Love is all very well in its way, but friendship is much higher. Indeed, I know
of nothing in the world that is either nobler or rarer than a devoted friendship.
And what, pray, is your idea of the duties of a devoted friend? asked a Green Linnet, who was sitting in a willow-
tree hard by, and had overheard the conversation.
Yes, that is just what I want to know, said the Duck, and she swam away to the end of the pond, and stood upon
her head, in order to give her children a good example.
What a silly question! cried the Water-rat. I should expect my devoted friend to be devoted to me, of course.
And what would you do in return? said the little bird, swinging upon a silver spray, and flapping his tiny wings.
I dont understand you, answered the Water-rat.
Let me tell you a story on the subject, said the Linnet.
Is the story about me? asked the Water-rat. If so, I will listen to it, for I am extremely fond of fiction.
It is applicable to you, answered the Linnet; and he flew down, and alighting upon the bank, he told the story of
The Devoted Friend.

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