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# Section 4.7 Homework-sarang gujar https://xlitemprod.pearsoncmg.

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## Student: sarang gujar Instructor: Amanda Whisenant

Assignment: Section 4.7 Homework
Date: 6/20/17 Course: Calculus 1 Summer 1 2017

1. 0
Explain with examples what is meant by the indeterminate form .
0

0
If lim f(x) = 0 and lim g(x) = 0, then lim f(x)g(x) is of indeterminate form . For example, set
0
A. x a x a x a
1
f(x) = x 1 and g(x) = and a = .
ln x
f(x) 0
If lim f(x) = 0 and lim g(x) = 0, then lim is of indeterminate form . For example, set f(x) = x 1
g(x) 0
B. x a x a x a
1
and g(x) = and a = .
ln x
0
If lim f(x) = 0 and lim g(x) = , then lim f(x)g(x) is of indeterminate form . For example, set
C. 0
x a x a x a
f(x) = x 1 and g(x) = ln x and a = .
f(x) 0
If lim f(x) = and lim g(x) = , then lim is of indeterminate form . For example, set f(x) = x
D. g(x) 0
x a x a x a
and g(x) = ln x and a = .

2. 0
Explain the steps used to apply l'Hpital's Rule to a limit of the form .
0

## Choose the correct answer below.

A. Take the limit of the derivative obtained using the quotient rule.
B. Rewrite the quotient as a product, then take the limit of the derivative of the product.
C. Take the limit of the quotient of the derivatives of the denominator and numerator.
D. Take the limit of the quotient of the derivatives of the numerator and denominator.

3. Explain how to convert a limit of the form 0 to a limit of the form 0/0 or / .

## Choose the correct answer below.

f(x)
If lim f(x)g(x) has the indeterminate form 0 , then lim has the indeterminate form 0/0 or
1
A. x a x a
g(x)
/ .
f(x)
If lim f(x)g(x) has the indeterminate form 0 , then lim has the indeterminate form 0/0 or
B. g(x)
x a x a
/ .
f(x)
C. If lim f(x) = 0 and lim g(x) = 0, then we say lim is of indeterminate form 0/0 or / .
g(x)
x a x a x a
f(x)
If lim f(x)g(x) has the determinate form 0 , then lim has the determinate form 0/0 or / .
D. 1
x a x a
g(x)

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4. Explain why the form 1 is indeterminate and cannot be evaluated by substitution. Explain how the competing functions
behave.

## Choose the correct answer below.

A. If lim f(x) = 1 and lim g(x) = , then f(x)g(x) 00 as x a, which is meaningless. Therefore, direct
x a x a
substitution cannot be used.
B. If lim f(x) = 1 and lim g(x) = , then f(x)g(x) 0 as x a, so the limit does not exist. Therefore, direct
x a x a
substitution cannot be used.
C. If lim f(x) = 1 and lim g(x) = , then f(x)g(x) 1 as x a, which is meaningless. Therefore, direct
x a x a
substitution cannot be used.
D. If lim f(x) = 1 and lim g(x) = , then f(x)g(x) as x a, so the limit does not exist. Therefore, direct
x a x a
substitution cannot be used.

## Choose the correct answer below.

g(x) f(x)
A. lim = or lim =0
f(x) g(x)
x x
g(x) f(x)
B. lim = 0 or lim =
f(x) g(x)
x x
g(x) f(x)
C. lim = f(x) or lim = g(x)
f(x) g(x)
x x
g(x) f(x)
D. lim = g(x) or lim = f(x)
f(x) g(x)
x x

## 6. Evaluate the following limit using l'Hpital's Rule.

x2 + 8x + 15
lim
2
x 3 15 2x + x

Use l'Hpital's Rule to rewrite the given limit so that it is not an indeterminate form.

x2 + 8x + 15
lim = lim
2
x 3 15 2x + x x 3

## Evaluate the limit.

x2 + 8x + 15
2
x 3 15 2x + x

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## 7. Evaluate the following limit using l'Hpital's Rule.

3x4 + 9x3 + x + 7
lim
x+1
x 1

Use l'Hpital's Rule to rewrite the given limit so that it is not an indeterminate form.

3x4 + 9x3 + x + 7
lim = lim
x+1
x 1 x 1

## Evaluate the limit.

3x4 + 9x3 + x + 7
lim = (Type an integer or a simplified fraction.)
x+1
x 1

## 8. Evaluate the following limit using l'Hpital's Rule.

5 sin 3x
lim
2x
x 0

Use l'Hpital's Rule to rewrite the given limit so that it is not an indeterminate form.

5 sin 3x
lim = lim
2x
x 0 x 0

5 sin 3x
2x
x 0

## 9. Evaluate the following limit.

1 cos 6x
lim
x 0 x2

How should the given limit be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box to

A. Use l'Hpital's Rule more than once to rewrite the limit in its final form as lim .
x 0
B. Use direct substitution.
C. Multiply the expression by a unit fraction to obtain lim .
x 0
D. Use l'Hpital's Rule exactly once to rewrite the limit as lim .
x 0

## Evaluate the limit.

1 cos 6x
x 0 x2

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## 10. Evaluate the following limit.

4x4 6x2
lim
x 5x4 + 20

How should the given limit be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box to

## (Do not simplify. Type an integer or a fraction.)

A. Use direct substitution.
B. Use l'Hpital's Rule exactly once to rewrite the limit as lim .
x
C. Use l'Hpital's Rule more than once, rewrite the limit in its final form as lim .
x
D. Multiply the expression by a unit fraction to obtain lim .
x

4x4 6x2
x 5x4 + 20

## 11. Evaluate the following limit.

ln (6x + 9)
lim
ln (7x + 8) + 5
x

How should the given limit be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box to

## A. Multiply the expression by a unit fraction to obtain lim .

x
(Do not simplify. Type an integer or a fraction.)
B. Use l'Hpital's Rule more than once to rewrite the limit in its final form as lim .
x
(Do not simplify. Type an integer or a fraction.)
C. Exponentiate the expression to obtain lim .
x
(Do not simplify. Type an integer or a fraction.)
D. Use direct substitution.

## Evaluate the limit.

ln (6x + 9)
lim = (Type an integer or a fraction.)
ln (7x + 8) + 5
x

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## lim (csc 9x sin 10x)

x 0

How should the given limit be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box to

A. Use l'Hpital's Rule more than once to rewrite the limit in its final form as lim .
x 0
B. Use l'Hpital's Rule exactly once to rewrite the limit as lim .
x 0
C. Multiply the expression by a unit fraction to obtain lim .
x 0
D. Use direct substitution.

x 0

## 13. Evaluate the following limit.

lim x sec x
+
2
x
2

How should the given limit be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box to

## A. Use l'Hpital's Rule exactly once to rewrite the limit as lim .

+
x
2
B. Multiply the expression by a unit fraction to obtain lim .
+
x
2
C. Use direct substitution.
D. Use l'Hpital's Rule more than once, rewrite the limit in its final form as lim .
+
x
2

## lim x sec x = (Type an integer or a fraction.)

+
2
x
2

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## 14. Evaluate the following limit.

1
lim 7 csc x
+
x
x 0

How should the given limit be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box to

## A. Multiply the expression by a unit fraction to obtain lim .

+
x 0
B. Use l'Hospital's Rule exactly once to rewrite the limit as lim .
x 0+
C. Use l'Hospital's Rule more than once, rewrite the limit in its final form as lim .
+
x 0
D. Use direct substitution.

## Evaluate the limit.

1
lim 7 csc x = (Type an integer or a fraction.)
+
x
x 0

## lim (5tan 5sec )

How should the given limit be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box to

A. Use l'Hpital's Rule more than once to rewrite the limit in its final form as lim .

2
B. Multiply the expression by a unit fraction to obtain lim .

2
C. Use l'Hpital's Rule exactly once to rewrite the limit as lim .

2
D. Use direct substitution.

## lim (5tan 5sec ) = (Type an integer or a fraction.)

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16. Evaluate the following limit or explain why it does not exist.

lim x15x
x 0+

Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in any answer boxes to complete your choice.

A. L = lim 15xln x is finite and therefore lim x15x can be written as the expression .
x 0+ x 0+
The evaluated limit is . (Type exact answers in simplified form.)
B. lim x15x does not exist because it results in the indeterminate form 00 .
x 0+
C. lim x15x does not exist because it results in the indeterminate form 1 .
x 0+
D. lim x15x does not exist because it results in the indeterminate form 0.

x 0+

17. Evaluate the following limit or explain why it does not exist. Check your results by graphing.

lim (1 + x)cot x
x 0+

Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the answer box within your choice.

A. lim (1 + x)cot x =
x 0+
B. The limit does not exist.

18. Evaluate the following limit or explain why it does not exist.

## lim (13 tan x)x

x 0+

Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in any answer boxes to complete your choice.

A. L = lim x ln (13 tan x) is finite and therefore lim (13 tan x)x can be written as the expression
x 0+ x 0+
. The evaluated limit is .
(Type exact answers in simplified form.)
B. The limit does not exist because it has the indeterminate form 1 which cannot be written in the form
0
or so that l'Hopital's rule can be applied.
0
C. The limit does not exist because it has the indeterminate form 00 which cannot be written in the form
0
or so that l'Hopital's rule can be applied.
0
D. The limit does not exist because it has the indeterminate form 0 which cannot be written in the form

0
or so that l'Hopital's rule can be applied.
0

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19. Evaluate the following limit or explain why it does not exist.
6 x5
lim 1+
x x5

Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in any answer boxes to complete your choice.

A. x5
5
6 6
L = lim x ln 1 + is finite and therefore lim 1 + can be written as the expression
x a x5 x a x5
. The evaluated limit is .
B. The limit does not exist because it has the indeterminate form 00 which cannot be written in the form
0
or so that l'Hopital's rule can be applied.
0
C. The limit does not exist because it has the indeterminate form 0 which cannot be written in the form

0
or so that l'Hopital's rule can be applied.
0
D. The limit does not exist because it has the indeterminate form 1 which cannot be written in the form
0
or so that l'Hopital's rule can be applied.
0

20. Use limit methods to determine which of the two given functions grows faster, or state that they have comparable growth
rates.

x9 ; e0.05x

Use the given functions to create an expression whose limit can be used to determine which function grows faster.

lim
x

## Find the determinate form of the limit, in terms of t.

lim
t
(Use integers or decimals rounded to five decimal places for any numbers in the expression.)

## (1) the function e0.05x grows faster.

the function x9 grows faster.
the functions have comparable growth rates.

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21. Use limit methods to determine which of the two given functions grows faster, or state that they have comparable growth
rates.

ln x12 ; ln x

lim
x

## (1) the functions have comparable growth rates.

the function ln x12 grows faster.
the function ln x grows faster.

22. Use limit methods to determine which of the two functions grows faster, or state that they have comparable growth rates.

## 1.0001x and x35

Use the given functions to create an expression whose limit can be used to determine which function grows faster.

lim
x

lim
x

## (1) the function 1.0001x grows faster.

the function x35 grows faster.
the functions have comparable growth rates.

23. Use limit methods to determine which of the two given functions grows faster, or state that they have comparable growth
rates.

x5 3
; 10x

lim
x

## Using a limit method shows that (1)

(1) 5
the function ex grows faster.
3
the function e10x grows faster.
the given functions have comparable growth rates.

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24. Evaluate the following limit in two different ways: Use the methods of dividing both the numerator and denominator by a
power of x and use l'Hpital's rule.

9x3 x2 + 8
lim
x 4x3 7x

9x3 x2 + 8
lim = (Type an integer or a simplified fraction.)
x 4x3 7x

25. Evaluate the limit shown below that l'Hopital used in his own textbook in about 1700.

3
2a3 x x4 a a2 x
lim , where a 0
4
x a a ax3

3
2a3 x x4 a a2 x
lim =
4
x a a ax3

## 26. Use analytical methods to evaluate the following limit.

log9 x
lim
log4 x
x

What is the most efficient way for this limit to be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the

## A. Manipulate the given expression algebraically to rewrite the limit as lim .

x
B. Use the substitution t = x and then l'Hpital's Rule to rewrite the limit as lim
t
C. The limit can be evaluated by direct substitution.
D. 1
Use the substitution t = and then l'Hpital's Rule to rewrite the limit as lim
x
t 0

## Evaluate the limit.

log9 x
lim = (Type an exact answer.)
log4 x
x

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27. 2
sin x 17 x
Use analytical methods to evaluate lim .
x
x 0+

What is the most effecient way for this limit to be evaluated? Select the correct choice below and, if necessary, fill in the

## A. Manipulate the given expression algebraically to rewrite the limit as lim .

x 0+
B. Take the natural log of the expression and then l'Hpital's Rule to rewrite the limit as
lim .
x 0+
C. Use l'Hpital's Rule directly to rewrite the limit as lim .
+
x 0
D. The limit can be evaluated by direct substitution.

## Evaluate the limit.

2
sin x 17 x
lim = (Type an exact answer.)
x
x 0+

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28. Suppose you make a deposit of \$P into a savings account that earns interest at a rate of 100 r% per year.
a. Show that if interest is compounded once per year, then the balance after t years is B(t) = P(1 + r)t .
r mt
b. If interest is compounded m times per year, then the balance after t years is B(t) = P 1 + . In the limit m , the
m
compounding is said to be continuous. Show that with continuous compounding, the balance after t years is B(t) = P rt .

## a. Begin by stating the compound interest formula.

B(t) = (1) where P is the principal, r is the annual rate of interest as a decimal, t is the number of years the
amount is deposited for, and n is the number of times the interest is compounded per year.

Determine the values of r (the annual interest rate written as a decimal) and n.

r= , n=

Now, substitute the values of r and n into the compound interest formula and simplify.

B(t) =

r mt r mt r mt
b. Evaluate lim P 1 + =P lim 1+ . Which indeterminate form is present in lim 1+ ?
m m m
m m m

A. 0 B. C. 0 D.

F. 00 G. 1 0
E. H.
0

r mt
Which is the correct limit formula to evaluate P lim f(m)g(m) = P lim 1+ ?
m
m m

## L , where L = lim g(m) ln f(m). f (m)

A. B. lim
m a g (m )
m a
L , where L = lim f(m) ln g(m). f(m)
C. D. lim
m a g(m)
m a

## Substitute the values of f(m) and g(m) into L.

L = lim
m

0
Factor out the constant t from the limit function. Recast the limit function as the indeterminate form by dividing by the
0
reciprocal.

L = t lim
m

L = t lim
m

## Simplify and factor out the constant r from the limit.

m

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## This limit is of the form . Use l'Hpital's Rule again.

L = t r lim
m

Rewrite B(t) with the value for L found in the previous step.

B(t) =

(1) r nt
P ,
n
r t
P 1+ ,
n
r t
P ,
n
r nt
P 1+ ,
n

29. Let f( ) be the area of the triangle ABP (see figure) and let g( ) be the area of the region
g( )
between the chord PB and the arc PB. Evaluate lim .
f( )
0

g( )
lim = (Type an integer or a simplified fraction.)
f( )
0

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30. a x
Prove that lim 1+ = a for a 0.
x
x

Note that the limit is an indeterminate form. Which indeterminate form is it?

A. 1
B. 0

C.
D. 00
E. 0

What is the next step for a limit that has the indeterminate form 1 ?

a
A. Evaluate L = lim x ln 1 + .
x
x
B. Apply l'Hpital's Rule.

## C. Write the limit in the form .

a
D. Evaluate L = lim 1+ ln x.
x
x
0
E. Write the limit in the form .
0

0
L'Hpital's Rule can be used to evaluate the limit, but it must be put in the form or . How should the limit be
0
rewritten?

a ln (1 + a x)
A. L = lim x ln 1 + = lim
x 1 x
x x

a ln (1 + a x)
B. L = lim x ln 1 + = lim
x x
x x

a x
C. L = lim x ln 1 + = lim
x 1 ln (1 + ax)
x x
a x
D. L = lim x ln 1 + = lim
x ln (1 + a x)
x x

Apply l'Hpital's Rule by finding the derivative of the numerator and the denominator separately.

ln (1 + a x)
lim = lim
1 x
x x

## Simplify the expression before finding the limit.

ax 2
1+a x
lim = lim
x x2 x

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## Evaluate the limit.

a
lim =
1+a x
x

a a x
Thus, L = lim x ln 1 + = a. The original limit equals L , which is a , so it has been proven that lim 1+ = a for a 0.
x x
x x

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