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QUESTION BANK FOR END SEMESTER TEST

Date and time of test: 08-11-2016, 2.30 3.30 pm (serial no 1 to 20)


08-11-2016, 3.45 4.45 pm (serial no 21 onwards)
Venue: Your studio

The question paper would be a mix of essay type questions and pairs of short
notes. You would be expected to answer 2 questions in the 1 hour TEST for a total
of 30 marks. You would be expected to write about 400-500 words in each essay and
illustrate it with 3-4 sketches. A short note of about 150-200 words should be illustrated
with 2 sketches.

ESSAYS
Differentiate between the basic principles governing the Hindu and Muslim places
of worship. Explain how this differentiation lead to completely different set of
building designs in each case.
Using key buildings in the Quwat ul Islam mosque complex trace the journey of the
development of the arcuated style of construction during the early years of the
Delhi Sultanate.
Write an essay on the contribution of Firuz Shah Tughlaq to the development of
Indo-Islamic building typologies in North India.
Write a detailed illustrated essay on the tomb complex of Sher Shah Suri at
Sasaram.
Only with the help of sketches create a labelled storyboard illustrating the
evolutionary history of the Octagonal tomb in the sub-continent from the tomb of
Telangani at Nizzamuddin to the tomb of Sher Shah Suri at Sasaram.
The building expressions of the regional schools of Indo-Islamic architecture were
a departure from the Architecture of Delhi Sultanate, imbibing regional nuances
into the language. Discuss this statement using suitable examples.
Write an essay on the Humayun Tomb in Delhi. Demonstrate how it was a robust
composition of Persian and Indian design ideas.
Write an essay on the Tomb of Akbar at Sikandra. Demonstrate how this building
was different from the previous one in the series and the possible reasons for this
departure.
Write an essay on the Taj Mahal in Agra. Show how it is the crown jewel of all the
tombs built by Islamic rulers in the sub-continent.
Write an essay on the Red Fort at Agra and discuss any two significant buildings
in detail.
Write an essay on the town planning and architectural outcomes of the city of
Fatehpur Sikri. Discuss any two significant buildings in the complex.
Write an essay on the Jama Masjid complex at Fatehpur Sikri and its significant
components.
What does the term Renaissance Architecture mean? What were the conditions
which lead to the Italian Renaissance? What are the chief characteristics of
Renaissance Architecture? Explain the term Renaissance Man.
Write an essay on the Santa Maria del Fiore at Florence. Discuss in detail the
contribution of Fillipo Brunelleschi to the structure of the building.
Write an essay on the Basilica and Piazza of St. Peters at Rome concentrating on
the contributions of Michelangelo Buonarroti and Gianlorenzo Bernini.
Indo-Islamic architecture saw much development between the 12th and 16th
century. Thrace the journey of anyone architectural element to demonstrate this
development using parameters like scale, technique used and building materials.
etc.

SHORT NOTES
Basic elements of a Friday Mosque
The Qutb Minar at Delhi
Khirki Masjid at Delhi
Quila-i-Quna Masjid at Delhi
Moth ki Masjid Masjid at Delhi
Begumpuri Masjid at Delhi
Tomb of Sikandar Lodi at Delhi
Jama Masjid at Gulbarga
The Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur
The Jami Masjid at Ahmedabad
Tomb of Shan Rukn-e-Alam at Multan
Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daulah at Agra
Tomb of Jehangir at Lahore.
Jodha Bais palace at Fatehpur Sikri.
Diwan-i-Khas at Fatehpur Sikri.
House of Birbal at Fatehpur Sikri
Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri
Tomb of Salim Chisti at Fatehpur Sikri
Jehangir Mahal at Agra Fort
Khas Mahal and Anguri Bagh at Agra Fort
Innovations in the design of the Dome of Florence Cathedral
The Tempietto, Rome by Donato Bramante
The Basilica of San Lorenzo in Florence
Villa Rotonda, Vicenza by Andrea Palladio.
The plans of Bramante, Raphael and Michelangelo for St. Peters
Piazza of St. Peters Basilica by Bernini

RECOMMENDED READINGS
BOOKS
Anisha Shekhar Mukherji, The Red Fort of Shahjahanabad, Oxford University
Press, May 2003, ISBN-10: 0195657756
Catherine B Asher, The New Cambridge History of India Architecture of
Mughal India, Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Christian Norberg-Schulz, Baroque Architecture, Random House Incorporated,
1986.
Ebba Koch, Mughal Architecture An Outline of its History and Development
(1526 1858), Prestel Verlag GmgH+Company, 1991.
Ebba Koch, The Complete Taj Mahal and the Riverfront Gardens of Agra, with
drawings by Richard A. Barraud , Thames and Hudson, 2101, ISBN
9780500342091.
Elizabeth Schotten Merklinger, Sultanate Architecture of Pre-Mughal India,
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Limited, 01-Jan-2005
Henry A Millon (ed), The Triumph of the Baroque: Architecture in Europe 1600
1750, Rizzoli International Publications, Incorporated, 1999.
Jacob Burchhardt, The Architecture of the Italian Renaissance, University of
Chicago Press, 1987
Michael Brand and Glenn D. Lowry, Fatehpur-Sikri, Marg Publications, Bombay,
1987.
Peter Murry, The Architecture of the Italian Renaissance, Thames and Hudson,
second edition, 1969
Percy Brown, Indian Architecture (The Islamic Period), Palmer Press, 2010
R Nath, History of Sultanate architecture, Abhinav Publications, Delhi, 1978
Satish Grover, The Architecture of India (Islamic), Vikas Publishing House,
Delhi,1981. Available as free download @ http://www.gobookee.net/islamic-
architecture-satish-grover/
Wolfgang Lotz, Studies in Italian Renaissance architecture, MIT Press, 1977

PAPERS
Dr. Aruna Ramani Grover, Contribution of the Firuzian Era to the Creation of Indo-
Islamic Building Typologies, http://www.delhiheritagecity.org/ancient-sultanate-
period.php
K K Muhammad, Qutb Minar complex as an example of the emergence of a
composite Indo-Islamic architectural style,
http://www.delhiheritagecity.org/ancient-sultanate-period.php
Dr Priyaleen Singh, Historic Gardens in the evolving cultural landscapes of Delhi,
http://www.delhiheritagecity.org/mughal-period.php
Dr. Sunil Kumar, Deep Structures: The Many Sultanate Cities in the Delhi Riverine
Plain, http://www.delhiheritagecity.org/ancient-sultanate-period.php

WEBSITES
ArchNet: Islamic Architecture Community, www.archnet.org/
Architecture in Renaissance Italy Metropolitan Museum of Art
www.metmuseum.org/toah/dd/_itar.html
Baroque architecture, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baroque_architecture
Baroque architecture Great Buildings Architecture Online,
www.greatbuildings.com/types/styles/baroque.html
Digital Archive in the collections of the Institute of Oriental Culture, the University
of Tokyo Mission for Indian History and Archaeology, University of Tokyo, 1959-60
and 1961 -62. www.ioc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/eng/
Florence Cathedral, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Cathedral
Italian Renaissance, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_renaissance
Musei Vaticani- Sito ufficiale, www.museivaticani.va/
St. Peters Basilica, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Peter's_Basilica