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Mechanical Smoke Ventilation Calculations

For

Mechanical Ventilation system for

QgL2 1/3 Z+2


Mf= 0.58p pCpT0 2+ 1+ 0.22
L

WHERE :-

Q = Heat Flux = 5000 KW FOR Shoping Araes


p = Density of smoke
= 1.2 Kg/m3
Cp = Specific Heat
= 1.01 Kj/KgK
g = Gravity Accel.
= 9.81m/sec2
T0 = Abs.Temp - Amb.Temp.
= 303 K
L = Length of void edge past which gases spill
= Width of void
= 3 m
Z = Hight of rise of thermal plume above void edge
= H - d2 = 4.0 - 0.8
= 3.2 m
= Emprical hight of virtual source below void edge
= 0.3 H = 0.3 x 4
= 1.2 m

THEN :-

QgL2 1/3 Z+2 1.2


Mf= 0.58p 2+ 1.2 1+ 0.22
pCpT0 3

Mf= 5193.05

3
2/3

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Mechanical Smoke Ventilation Calculations
For

Mechanical Ventilation system for


# Assumptions:-
Fire Area = 3x3 = 9 sq.m
Smoke Plume High (Y) = 2.5 M
Total height (H) = 3.5 M
Smoke layer thickness (db) = H - Y = 1 M
Floor Area = sq.m

# Determining the heat release


Q = q x A (1) HEAT RELEASE =
93 KW/M2 FOR FURNATURE
where q = 93 KW/sq.M (for vehicles) 310 KW/M2 FOR CELLULOSICS
Refference :- BS7436 tables with aid of NFBA 204M tables . ()
From equation (1) 260 KW/M2 FOR VIHICLES(car park)

Qs = 837 kw

# Determining smoke mass flow rate Ms


Ms = 0.188 PY 3/2 (2)
where P = Fire Perimeter = 12 M
Y = Clear height of smoke plume = 2.5 M
From equation (2)
Ms = 0.188 x12 x 2.53/2
Ms = 8.9 kg/s.

# Determining plume temperature rise :


Qs
dT = .(3)
Ms x Cps

dT = 93 K
And
Ts = To + DT .(4)
Where :
Ts = Smoke temp.
To =Ambient temp. = 303 K

Ts = 396 K

# Determining the required air flow rate :

Ms Ts
V = .(5)
To ps
Where :-
V = Required air volumetric flow rate
ps = Smoke density = 1.2 Kg/m3

V = 9.7 M3/Sec.

= 20,584 CFM ~~= 21,000 CFM


# Determining duct size and fan static pressure :-

V = A X v .(8)
Where v = volumetric flow rate for one fan = 21,000 cfm
OR. v = volumetric flow rate for one fan = 9.7 M3/Sec.
A = duct cross sec. Area
V = desired air velocity in the duct = 6 M/Sec.

A = 1.62 M2
Static pressure ( in.wg) = 0.5 + duct friction loss
where duct friction loss = 0.5 in.wg
Total Static pressure ( in.wg) = 1 in.wg.
input the sugested fans
numbers here .
Conclusion : If u put it as one it gives
System Discription : the total flow required .
Exhaust Smoke Fans :
Nunmers: 2 Nos. Fans/Zone
Capacity: 10,500 cfm (each)
Type : Tubilar ducted
Location : . EDIT THE ACTUAL NO.
AS PER ARCH.
DRAWINGS .
# Determining fresh air intake area :
No. of entrances and doors = 2 doors
Average door size (m) = 2.2 (width) , 2 (height)
= 4.4 m2
Total fresh air intake area = 8.8 m2

V = AXv .(8)

Where V = The required fresh air supply


= 21,000 CFM
= 9.7 M3/Sec.
Assuming average air velocity through doors to be 2m/s ( to allow door opening for
occupants evacuation )
A= 4.86 m2 in case if the enterances area
is less than the required
The required area is less than doors and enterance areas area , so, the fresh air fans
SO, Enterance area is sufficient as fresh air supply openings . are required .
Fresh Air Fans:
Fresh Air Fans capacity shall be half of exhaust air capacity depending on the doors and
park ramp opening to deliver adequate fresh air amount for the other half of the floor area .
Fresh Air properties shall be :
Nunmers: 2 Nos. Fans
Capacity: 5,250 cfm (each)
Type : Tubilar ducted
Location : .
Total Static pressure ( in.wg) = 1 in.wg.

GENERAL

- All fans used in smoke management and exhaust system ( exhaust and fresh air fans )
shall be capable to withstand 200 oC temp.for 30 min.

- All fans shall be interconnected with fire allarm panel for automatic operation also, shall be
provided with ON /OFF switch near enterances for manual operation by occupants.
Mechanical Ventilation Calculations
For Car Park ( Basement )

inter the floor area here


1-Mechanical Ventilation system
inter the floor hight here
Location :
Floor Area : 690 Sq.M follow the regulation for the
Floor Hiegh : 3.5 M area application ,
Floor Volume = 2415 Cu.M for basement 4times/hr.

No. of air change per hour = 6 times

Total air volume = 14490 Cu.M


= 512014.1 Cu.Ft

Total flow rate (cfm) = 8533.569 cfm <=> 9000 cfm

Fan selection
according to plane (or the
Fan Capacity = 1800 cfm posibility to install many
No. of fans = 5 nos. fans nos. of fans to reduce the
cap. Of the fan .

CONCLUSION
System Discription :
Exhaust Smoke Fans :
Nunmers: 5 Nos. Fans
Capacity: 1,800 cfm (each)
Type : Tubilar ducted
Location : .
Stair Case Pressurization For Internal Stairs .

No. Of Floors = Gr. + Floors + Roof = 2 Floors

No. Of Doors = (Gr.) + (Typical Floors) + (Roof ) = 0 Doors

Qe = KAe (P)1/2

Where :
Ae = 0.003 x (( 2.2 + 0.8 ) x 2 ) x 0 = 0 M2

K = 0.839
P = 50 Pascal.

Qe = 0.839 x Ae x (50)1/2

Qe = 0 M3/Sec. = 0 CFM

Incase One Door Opened :

VA 0.75 x 2.2 x 0.8


Qo = = = 2.2 M3/Sec. = 4659.6
0.6 0.6
M3/Sec.