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MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT.

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Date: 9-Jul-2017 Sheet no.: 1 2 Computed by: Eng / Omar Alawad
Subject:
Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

Conditions : Fire Escape on : 4 Floors


Stair Doors: 4
Escape Door : 1
Building Height : 20.0 m

Pressure Level : 25 Pa

1- Air volume required when all doors are closed : Q1= 0.827 x AE x P1/n

Q = Volume of Air Required (m3)

AE = Leakage Area from the space (m2)


= 0.010 (m2) for Single Leaf Doors with or without Central Rebate
= 0.040 (m2) for 4 Stair Doors

P = Pressure Differential = 25 Pa n = Leakage Factor = 2

Q1 = 0.827 x 0.04 x 25 : Q1 = 0.165 m3 / sec

Although the effective leakage area is known, there are other leaks we are not aware of.
To account for these leaks, Q is increased by 50%, hence:

Q1 = 0.165 +50% Q1 = 0.25 m3 / s

2- Air volume required when doors are opened :

Door Area = 2 x 1 = 2.00 m2


Air Velocity Across Door = 0.75 m/s ### fpm

Minimum Number of Opened Doors = main escape doors + 10% of remaining straiwell doors
= 1 + 1
Open door area = Area of escape doors + 50% of the area of the other doors
= 2.00 + 1
= 3.00 m 2

Q2 = A x V => Q2 = 2.25 m3 / s
3- Total Air Supplied by the fan :

QT = Q1 + Q2 => QT = 2.5 m3 / s = 5278 cfm


1320 cfm per floor

Design calculation sheet


Project no: Date: 7/9/2017 Sheet no.: 2 2 Computed by: Eng / Omar Alawad
Subject: 0
Stairwell Pressurisation with some doors opened. Summer

QT = 2.5 m3 / sec = 5278 cfm = 2498 l/s

at 1500 fpm => f= 0.1 "/100 ft

Duct Length = 20.0 m

Friction Loss through duct: = (Duct Length x 1.25 x 3.28 x f)

Friction Loss = 0.08 "

Total Static Pressure = (PD at Register + Friction Loss + Volume Damper)*30%


= 0.20 + 0.08 + 0.2
= 0.63 "
= 15.7 mm
= 156 Pa
Total Static Pressure on Fa = 156 + 25

Total Fan Static Pressure = 181 Pa = 0.71 " = 17.8 mm

Total Fan Static Pressure 0.71 "


Total Fan Flowrate 5278 cfm Pressurisation Fan
Total Fan Power 1.5 hp